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INDEX

SECTION TITLE PAGE

1. SCOPE ................................ ................................ ...................... 2


2. APPLICATION ................................ ................................ ............ 2
3. APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS ................................ ....................... 2
4. DEFINITIONS ................................ ................................ ............ 2
5. GENERAL CONDITIONS ................................ ............................ 3
5.1 TYPES AND DIMENSIONAL PROPORTIONS ................................ 3
5.2 DIMENSIONS ................................ ................................ ............. 6
5.3 SPACINGS................................ ................................ .................. 7
5.3.1 Spacing Between Letters, Algarisms and Graphical Signals
in a Same Word or Number ................................ ....................... 7
5.3.2 Spacing Between Words and / or Numbers................................ . 9
5.3.3 Spacing Between Common Written Lines ................................ ... 9
5.3.4 Spacing Between Written Lines Which Shall be Emphasized ....... 9
5.3.5 Spacing in Ordinary Fraction ................................ ..................... 10
5.4 ELABORATION METHODS................................ .......................... 10
6. SPECIFIC CONDITIONS ................................ ............................. 11
6.1 TECHNICAL WRITING IN ENGINEERING TECHNICAL
STANDARDS FIGURES................................ ............................... 11
6.1.1 Types ( Table 1 ) ................................ ................................ ......... 11
6.1.2 Dimensions ................................ ................................ ................ 11
6.1.3 Elaboration Methods ( Table 3 ) ................................ ................. 11
6.2 TECHNICAL WRITING IN BULLETINS AND MANUALS
ILLUSTRATIONS ................................ ................................ ......... 12
6.2.1 Types ( Table 1 ) ................................ ................................ ......... 12
6.2.2 Dimensions ................................ ................................ ................ 12
6.2.3 Elaboration Methods ( Table 3 ) ................................ ................. 12
6.3 TECHNICAL WRITING IN AIRCRAFT................................ ............ 12
6.3.1 Types ( Table 1 ) ................................ ................................ ......... 12

continue

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ENG.ORDER (EO) LETTERS, ALGARISMS AND GRAPHICAL SIGNS


NOR-2004423 IN TECHNICAL WRITING
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continued

INDEX

SECTION TITLE PAGE

6.3.2 Dimensions................................................................................. 12
6.3.3 Elaboration Methods ( Table 3 ) .................................................. 14

7. DRAWING CALLOUT .................................................................. 14

1. SCOPE

This Standard establishes the types , dimensions , spacings and elaboration


methods or letters , algarisms and graphical signals in technical writings used in
Embraer.

2. APPLICATION

This Standard is applicable to Engineering Standards , manuals and bulletins


illustrations and marking of technical writings in aircrafts , for which there are no
specific standard.

3. APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS

Brazilian Technical Standards Association ( ABNT )


NB-8 Norma Geral de Desenho Tcnico

International Standards

Military Specification ( USA )

MIL-C-6781 Control Panel Aircraft Equipment , Rack or Console Mounted

Society of Automotive Engineers ( SAE )

SAE AS18012 Markings for Aircrew Station Displays Design and


Configuration of

SAE AS7788 Panels, Information, Integrally Illuminated

4. DEFINITIONS

For the purposes of this Standard, it shall be adopted the following definition :

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TABLE 3 : ELABORATION METHOD OF LETTERS, ALGARISMS
AND GRAPHICAL SIGNALS IN TECHNICAL WRITING

METHOD CHARACTERISTICS
DRAWED OR LETTERING SET MADE
1 TECHNICAL WRITING
2 DECAL TECHNICAL WRITING
3 PAINTED TECHNICAL WRITING
PANTOGRAPH OR OTHER MECHANICAL
4 METHOD MADE TECHNICAL WRITING
LEE-SMITH METHOD TECHNICAL
5 WRITING
6 GRAPHICAL COMPOSITION MACHINE
MADE TECHNICAL WRITING
CHEMICAL MILLING MADE TECHNICAL
7 WRITING

NOTE

All technical inscriptions inside aircraft shall have sharp-edged letters, algarisms
and graphical signals.

6. SPECIFIC CONDITIONS

6.1 TECHNICAL WRITING IN ENGINEERING TECHNICAL STANDARDS FIGURES

6.1.1 TYPES ( TABLE 1 )

It shall be used Type 1 for letters, algarisms and graphical signals.

6.1.2 DIMENSIONS

It shall be used the following total heights A ( Figure 1 ).

6.1.2.1 1,3 mm ( minimum allowable ) usual technical writings in very small


spaces.

6.1.2.2 1,5 mm technical writings which shall be emphasized, in very small


spaces.

6.1.2.3 2,0 mm usual technical writings in usual spaces.

6.1.2.4 3,0 mm technical writings which shall be emphasized, in usual spaces.

NOTE

In the case of posterior reducing of the Figure , the letters, algarisms and
graphical signals shall be elaborated with a total height A inversely proportional
to the reduction.

6.1.3 ELABORATION METHODS ( TABLE 3 )

It shall be used method 1 for the elaboration of letters, algarisms and graphical
signals.

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6.2 TECHNICAL WRITING IN BULLETINS AND MANUALS ILLUSTRATIONS

6.2.1 TYPES ( TABLE 1 )

It shall be used types 1 or 2 for letters, algarisms and graphical signals.

NOTE

In the case of technical writing in a perspective view illustration, the letters,


algarisms and graphical signals shall also be elaborated in perspective view.

6.2.2 DIMENSIONS

It shall be used a total height A ( Figure 1 ) of 2,0 mm for letters, algarisms and
graphical signals in usual technical writings, and of 2,5 mm in technical writings
which shall be emphasized.

NOTES

1) In case of necessity, other total height A for letters, algarisms and graphical
signals may be used; however, A = 1,5 mm is the minimum allowable total height.

2) In the case of a posterior reducing of the illustration, the letters, algarisms and
graphical signals shall be elaborated with a total height A inversely proportional
to the reduction.

6.2.3 ELABORATION METHOD ( TABLE 3 )

It shall be used method 1 or 6 for the elaboration of letters, algarisms and


graphical signals.

6.3 TECHNICAL WRITINGS IN AIRCRAFT

6.3.1 TYPES ( TABLE 1 )

It shall be used type 4 for letters, algarisms and graphical signals.

6.3.2 DIMENSIONS

6.3.2.1 INSTRUMENTS

For choosing the total height A (Figure 1) of letters, algarisms and graphical
signals, it shall be taken into consideration mainly the distance for reading. Take
also into consideration the local legibility conditions and the instrument
dimensions.

a) distance for reading varying around 700 mm : it shall be used total height A
from 3,8 mm ( minimum ) to 7,6 mm (maximum);

b) distance ( x ) for reading is very different of 700 mm : for determinate the total
height A (minimum and maximum), refer to the following formulas :

The outer insulation shall be only marked and not sectioned by the knife blade.
The braid and the inner insulation shall not be touched by the knife.

A min ( mm ) = 3,8 x
700

A max ( mm ) = 7,6 x
700

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6.3.2.2 CONTROL PANELS WITH WHITE FOREGROUND AND BLACK
BACKGROUND

NOTE

This item is applicable to transilluminated control panels according to AS7788,


and non-transilluminated control panels according to MIL-C-6781.

a) in usual conditions, a total height A (Figure 1) of letters, algarisms and


graphical signals from 3,2 mm (minimum) to 3,6 mm (maximum) shall be used;

b) in conditions requiring legibility emphasizing, a total height A (Figure 1) of


letters, algarisms and graphical signals from 4,0 mm (minimum) to 4,4 mm
(maximum) shall be used;

c) for elaboration of algarisms, it shall be used a dash B (Figure 1) thickness of


A/8 (Figure 1), and for elaboration of letters and graphical signals, of A/6
(Figure 1).

6.3.2.3 CONTROL PANELS WITH WHITE FOREGROUND AND GREY


BACKGROUND

NOTE

This item is applicable to transilluminated control panels according to AS7788,


and non-transilluminated control panels according to MIL-C-6781.

a) in usual conditions, a total height A (Figure 1) of letters, algarisms and


graphical signals from 4,0 mm (minimum) to 4,4 mm (maximum) shall be used;

b) in conditions requiring legibility emphasizing, a total height A (Figure 1) of


letters, algarisms and graphical signals from 4,8 mm (minimum) to 5,2 mm
(maximum) shall be used;

c) for elaboration of algarisms, it shall be used a dash B (Figure 1) thickness of


A/8 (Figure 1), and for elaboration of letters and graphical signals, of A/6
(Figure 1).

6.3.2.4 TRANSILLUMINTED NUMBERS FOR RADIO CALL

It shall be used total heights A ( Figure 1 ) of letters, algarisms and graphical


signals according to the requirements of item 6.3.2.2.

6.3.2.5 NON-TRANSILLUMINTED NUMBERS FOR RADIO CALL AND OTHER


SIMILAR MARKINGS

a) a total height A ( Figure 1 ) of letters, algarisms and graphical signals from 4,8
mm (minimum) to 9.5 mm (maximum);

b) for elaboration of algarisms, it shall be used a dash B ( Figure 1 ) thickness of


A / 8 ( Figure 1 ).

6.3.2.6 AIRCREW DISPLAYS ( TRANSILLUMINATED AND NON -


TRASILLUMINATTED )

It shall be used total heights A ( Figure 1 ) of letters, algarisms and graphical


signals according to the requirements of item 6.3.2.3.

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6.3.2.7 COUNTER DISPLAYS

a) for algarisms, it shall be used a total height A (Figure 1) from 5,1 mm


(minimum) to 7,6 mm (maximum), unless otherwise specified by a proficient
authority;

b) for algarisms , it shall be used a dash B ( Figure 1 ) thickness of A/8


( Figure 1 ).

6.3.2.8 CONDENSED VERIFICATIONS LISTS

The total heights A ( Figure 1 ) of letters, algarisms and graphical signals shall
be indicated by a proficient authority.

6.3.2.9 VISUAL WARNING LABELS

The total height A (Figure 1) of the letters, algarisms and graphical signals shall
be, at least, equal to the total heights A (Figure 1) of the letters, algarisms and
graphical signals of the adjacent technical writings.

6.3.3 ELABORATION METHODS (TABLE 3)

It shall be used methods 2, 3, 4 or 5 for elaboration of letters, algarisms and


graphical signals.

7. DRAWING CALLOUT

This Standard shall be called out on production drawings as follows :

NOTES

1) The NI 361 is DEACTIVATED and is NOT APPLICABLE TO NEW DRAWINGS.


See Note 2.

NI 361 Technical writing, according to NE 01-029.

2) For new drawings shall be called out the NI 1288 .

NI 1288 - Technical writing, method < * >, according to NE 01-029.

< * > shall be indicated one of the technical writing methods ( see Table 3 )
as follows :

1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7.

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