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621.

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JUST-T -
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NUMERICAL STUDIES OF PLASMA PARAMETERS OF TOKAMAK-REACTORS FOR TRANSMUTATION OF MINOR ACTI-


NIDES REMAINING IN THE SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL. E.A. AZIZOV, G.G. GLADUSH, V.N. DOKUKA, R.R. KHAYRUTDI-
NOV. The carried out investigations are devoted to some aspects of using compact tokamak JUST-T as a volumetric neutron source
(VNS) for minor actinides transmutation. The main goal of report is to substantiate a principle possibility of achievement and
maintenance of steady regime of tokamak operation with the object of providing the required neutron loading on the inner wall of
blanket. The influence of plasma density profile and energy of neutral beams onto the magnitude of the neutron loading is analyzed. The
modelling of ITB regimes show negligible decreasing of neutron loading by comparison without ITB ones.

-
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XXI [1].

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a
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, ne = 1020 3, Te = Ti = 10 , -
k ~ 1,7 ~10 -
1000 a ~ 1,3 = 2.
a = 1,3 Gn ~ 0,3 /2.
, .
-
, -
[4].
:
= 2,
;
(R = 2 , = 1 ) k95 1,7 -
;
Q 2;
N 4li;
Pfus 5060 ;
t, I(, 2)
1,6;
;

, k 0,7;
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= 2 . -
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5000 . -, -
500

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-

2700

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1200

1000 1000 , -
6320

2000
= 2 -
1200

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2700

,
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. 1
JUST-T
. 1. JUST-T [4].

4

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JUST-T
(-) [4]. , -
, -
Ip ~ 2,5 MA, .
~6 -
.

[57]. -
150 . , -
[5]. -
- ,
.
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, 0,9 .

-
.
500 , l ~ 1,15
1,21020 3,
-
q. 140 ,
, . ,
ne ~ 1,61020 3 q -
500 qaxis ~ 22,5. ,
1,5- HIPB98(y, 2) = 1,6, -
, 45 , -
, -
.
20% Ip, a = 4,5 MA, a- .
,
fBS + fCD = 1. 5 , - fBS 0,5.
gCD ~ 0,05 A/.
bN RWM, bN 5li,
, li ~0,71. -
bN/q95 < 0,70,8, ITER Physical Basis [8].
,
.
, ,
q. , -
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5
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, 0,9
, ` ne ~ 11020 3.

0,81020 3 -
[9]. Ip(0) ~ 2,5 MA,
.
140400 .
, -
, .
, (>300 ) .
,
ENB1 = 140 ENB2 = 400 500 q.

(~10%) .
Q = Pfus/Paux -
1 . ,
nowall
bN b N -
. ,
nowall
b N 4li , b. -
4li , RWM
bN. , MAST, ,
nowall
b N 5li .


, ,
ITB. , , , -
, .

. -
-
. -
. , -
aITB (
) , -
rITB. ,

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, -
, :
rITB
aITB;
aITB rITB.

6
140/300 , 25/20 . -
, n(0)/nb = 1/0,1.

aITB

0,2
0,2

aITB 14 0,15 2 1 0,15 2 1

Jtol, /2
jp, /2
, - 0,1 0,1
3 3
rITB = 0,6.
0,05 0,05
aITB = 1 -
. - 0 50 100 0 50 100
aITB - r, r,
0,1 6
. 2, 3. 1
0,08 2 5

jpb, /2
0,06 4
Ip - 3

q
0,04 3
b p. - 2 1
0,02 2
, aITB 3
1
- Ibs 0 50 100 0 50 100
, - r, r,
INB - . 2. (), -
aITB (), () -
()
(. . 2, 3). , aITB : 1 1; 2 2; 3 3
-, -
- . -
20 20
1, 2, 3

n, 1013 3

tE - 15 i, 15
<T e> 1 2
10 10
<T i> .
5 5
Te Ti 3
aITB 3. 0 50 100 0 50 100
r, r,
,
0,12 20
qaxis -
0,1
- - 15
jbs, /2

0,08 1
e,

. 0,06 2 3 10 1 2
. 0,04
5
qbnd - 0,02 3
aITB . 0 50 100 0 50 100
- r, r,
. 3. (), -
- (), () ()
- -
. 20%. aITB: 1 1; 2 2; 3 3

-
rITB (0,51)
aITB = 3. rITB = 1
.
, , .

7


rITB 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 1,0
Ip, MA 5,96 5,63 5,43 5,46 5,77 6,47
b p 1,00 1,05 1,10 1,09 1,03 0,92
a, 100 100 100 100 100 100
R, 200 200 200 200 200 200
tE, 0,47 0,45 0,44 0,45 0,46 0,51
ne, 1020 3 1,01 1,01 1,01 1,01 1,01 1,01
k 1,7 1,7 1,7 1,7 1,7 1,7
PNBI, 45 45 45 45 45 45
Te(0), 17,32 16,04 14,77 13,67 13,51 13,74
Ti(0), 17,36 16,09 14,84 13,74 13,59 13,84
Te, 6,51 6,08 5,84 5,90 6,30 7,26
Ti, 6,57 6,11 5,87 5,97 6,42 7,48
qbnd 5,84 6,23 6,48 6,44 6,05 5,33
qaxis 2,95 3,26 3,51 3,90 4,25 4,46
ne(0), 1020 3 1,71 1,70 1,69 1,69 1,69 1,70
ne/nGw 0,54 0,57 0,59 0,59 0,55 0,50
li(3) 0,61 0,64 0,65 0,63 0,59 0,52
Itot, 5,97 5,63 5,43 5,46 5,78 6,48
INB, MA 2,73 2,51 2,38 2,42 2,64 3,10
- Ibs, MA 3,24 3,12 3,04 3,04 3,14 3,38
Rmag, 218,9 219,9 220,5 220,4 219,4 217,4
Wp, M 24,67 23,37 22,57 22,71 23,96 26,68
bf, % 16,17 15,92 15,90 16,09 16,35 16,68
Gn, M/2 0,384 0,359 0,340 0,336 0,360 0,414
Q = Pfus/PNBI 1,49 1,40 1,32 1,31 1,40 1,61
IOhm, A 1,84 1,57 1,00 1,13 1,11 2,40
b N 3,10 3,10 3,11 3,12 3,11 3,09
PBTI, M 24,55 22,83 22,29 23,12 24,87 27,83
a- Pa, M 9,66 9,04 8,55 8,47 9,06 10,43
Pn, M 57,54 53,89 50,94 50,45 53,98 62,13

. 4, 5 . , -
.
-
. IPB98(y, 2) -
,
.
0,2 0,2 20 20
1, 2, 3
Jtol, /2

15
n, 1013 3

0,15 0,15 15
2
jp, /2

1 1 3
i,

3 0,1
0,1 10 10
2 2 3
0,05 0,05 5 5 1
2
0 50 100 0 50 100 0 50 100 0 50 100
r, r, r, r,
0,1 0,12 20
3 7
0,08 6 0,1
jbs, /2

15
jnb, /2

e,

0,06 1 5 0,08
2 4 3
q

0,04 0,06 10
0,02 3 0,04 1 3
5 3
2 1 0,02 2 1
0 2 2
1
0,02 50 100 0 0
50 100 0 50 100
0 50 100
r, r, r, r,
. 4. (), - . 5. (), -
(), () - - (), () () -
() c -
r ITB : 1 0,6; 2 0,8; 3 0,9 rITB : 1 0,6; 2 0,8; 3 0,9

8
rITB, , 15%. Ip -
- I bs INB, -
.
- Ibs, INB, -
.
rITB ( 0,7 0,5) - Ibs . -
INB, . 4, 5,
, . -
, rITB 0,7 .
tE,
W p <T e> <T i> . -
,
. (~10%).


, , , .., , ..,
.-.., .-.., -

, -
-
:
;
, a- ;
Gn 0,34 /2,
.

( 05-02-08137 _).

1. . . .. . .: - , 2001.
2. zizov .., Dokuka V.N., Kovan L.A. et al. Investigations of VNS for minor actinides transmutation on base of spherical toka-
maks with aspect ratio A = 2. In: Workshop on Blanket and Fusion Reactor Concepts for Transmutation of Minor Actinides. San
Diego, USA, 2001.
3. Lopatkin A.V. et al. The potential of fusion reactors for transmutation of actinides. Ibid.
4. Azizov E.A. et al. The VNS concept on the base of tokamak JUST-T for transmutation of minor actinides. Plasma Devices and
Operation, 2003, vol. II, p. 279.
5. Gaffey J.D. Energetic ion distribution resulting from neutral beam injection in tokamaks. J. Plasma Physics, 1976, vol. 16, p. 149.

9
6. Khayrutdinov R.R., Lukash V.E. Studies of plasma equilibrium and transport in a tokamak fusion device with the inverse-variable
technique. J. Comp. Physics, 1993, vol. 109, p. 193.
7. Polevoi A., Shirai H., Takizuka T. Benchmarking of the NBI block in ASTRA code versus the OFMC calculations. JEERI-
Data/Code 97-014, Department of Fusion Plasma Research, Naka Fusion Research Establishment Japan Atomic Energy Research In-
stitute, Naka-machi, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken, 1997.
8. ITER physics basis. Nuclear Fusion, 1999, 12, vol. 39 (12), . 2137.
9. Azizov E.A., Arefiev Yu.P., Buzhinskij O.I., Gladush G.G. et al. Plasma Devices and Operation, 2005, vol. 13, p. 167.

26 2006 .
.
. , 2007, . 3, . 310.

533.924
TEXTOR

.. , .. , .. ( )

TEXTOR,
( ) (. , ).
.
. -
. -
30% , .
.
1 1 /.
. , , -
.

INVESTIGATIONS OF REFRACTORY METALS IN TOKAMAK TEXTOR. G.V. SERGIENKO, A.V. NEDOSPASOV, N.M. ZY-
KOVA. The review of results of investigations of refractory metals in tokamak TEXTOR carried out in the frame of joint projects of
Joint Institute for High Temperatures of RAS (OIVT RAN) and Institute for Plasma Physics (Jlich, Germany) is presented. Effective
sputtering yields of tungsten in deuterium tokamak plasma were measured. The atomic tungsten release in dependence on the tempera-
ture of its surface was studied. This flux is determined below the melting point by sum of sputtering by plasma ions and thermal evapora-
tion. The heat deposition under the identical parameters of the contacting plasma is about 30% larger on the carbon surface than on
tungsten surface. Mutual influence of various materials of first tokamak wall was shown. The motion of liquid film of thickness of the
order of 1 mm with the velocity of the order of 1 m/s was observed. It is caused by effect of the Ampere force of the thermoelectron
emission current in tokamak magnetic field. It was shown, that splitting of melting surface into cells could essentially suppress the drop
erosion due to the motion of the liquid film.

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