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I.

Introduction:
A. It is necessary to be cautious of the unhealthy ingredients in diet pills.
Sleep plays a more important role in our health than most people realize.
1. Sleep plays a key role in memory formation.
2. Lack of sleep has been linked to risky behaviors.
3. Sleep deprivation also increases likelihood of obesity.
[Note that section A is the attention catcher it provides background
information that cautions the reader to some of the reasons there are
negative effects.]
B. Thesis: People should be ensuring they get a proper amount of sleep
each night because sleep deprivation leads to harmful long lasting
effects on the body.
Dement, William C. Talking About Our Sleep Debt. Talking About Our Sleep
Debt, Revisiting the Status of Sleep Awareness 5 Years After the Founding of
Sleep Review, 2006. Psychology ECollection [Gale], Accessed Mar. 2017.

II. Sleep deprivation causes a multitude of effects on health outside of feeling


exhausted.
A. Sleep deprivation negatively impacts neural plasticity. Gorgoni,
Maurizio, et al. Is Sleep Essential for Neural Plasticity in Humans, and
How Does It Affect Motor and Cognitive Recovery? Neural Plasticity,
vol. 2013, 2013, pp. 113. Psychology ECollection [Gale], Accessed Mar.
2017.
B. Sleep plays a role in memory formation, and not getting enough can cause
memory loss.
rzi, Anat, et al. Humans Can Learn New Information During Sleep. Humans Can
Learn New Information During Sleep, vol. 15, no. 10, Oct. 2012. Psychology
ECollection [Gale], Accessed Mar. 2017.
Axelsson, Emma L, et al. The Effect of Sleep on Children's Word Retention and
Generalization. The Effect of Sleep on Children's Word Retention and
Generalization, vol. 7, no. 1192, Aug. 2016. Frontiers in Psychology.
Psychology ECollection [Gale], Accessed Mar. 2017.
-Yang, G. To Sleep and Learn. To Sleep and Learn, vol. 15, July 2014. Psychology
ECollection [Gale], Accessed Mar. 2017.

C. It also negatively affects cognitive recovery.


-Wolski, C.A. Pain and Sleep: Exploring the Bidirectional Connection. Pain and
Sleep: Exploring the Bidirectional Connection, 2016. Psychology ECollection [Gale],
Accessed Mar. 2017.
-Wulff, Katharina, et al. Sleep and Circadian Rhythm Disruption in Psychiatric

Copyright 2014 Theresa Stowell


and Neurodegenerative Disease. Sleep and Circadian Rhythm Disruption in
Psychiatric and Neurodegenerative Disease, vol. 11, Aug. 2010. Psychology
ECollection [Gale], Accessed Mar. 2017.
-Gorgoni, Maurizio, et al. Is Sleep Essential for Neural Plasticity in Humans, and
How Does It Affect Motor and Cognitive Recovery? Neural Plasticity, vol.
2013, 2013, pp. 113. Psychology ECollection [Gale], Accessed Mar. 2017.

D. Another problem sleep deprivation causes is obesity. Freedman, Marian,


and Michael G Burke. Early Bedtimes May Lower Risk for Obesity.
Early Bedtimes May Lower Risk for Obesity, Nov. 2016. Psychology
ECollection [Gale], Accessed Mar. 2017.
E. Lack of sleep impairs decision making skills, especially in teens.Wheaton,
et al., AG. Too Little Sleep Is Tied to Teenagers' Injury-Related Risky
Behaviors. Too Little Sleep Is Tied to Teenagers' Injury-Related Risky
Behaviors, June 2016. Psychology ECollection [Gale], Accessed Mar. 2017.

F. Sleep deprivation has also been known to cause depression. Ballesio,


Andrea, and Caterina Lombardo. Commentary: The Relationship
between Sleep Complaints, Depression, and Executive Functions on
Older Adults. Commentary: The Relationship between Sleep Complaints,
Depression, and Executive Functions on Older Adults, vol. 7, no. 1870,
Nov. 2016. Psychology ECollection [Gale], Accessed Mar. 2017.

G. Not getting enough sleep also puts a strain on the bodys immune system.
James-Enger, Kelly. Tired of Being Tired. Tired of Being Tired, Hidden Causes of
Fatigue- and How to Fight Them, Sept. 2011. Psychology ECollection [Gale],
Accessed Mar. 2017.
III. Over all, people need to take their sleeping habits more seriously because in
children, adolescents, and adults, through research it has been shown that
deprivation of sleep negatively impacts health in a multitude of ways.
PART OF THE GRADE ON THE OUTLINE IS THE ACTUAL FORMATTING. DO
NOT ALLOW MICROSOFT WORD TO AUTOFORMAT INCORRECTLY. I WANT
ROMAN NUMERALS, CAPITAL LETTERS, AND THEN ARABIC (NORMAL)
NUMBERS. INDENT LIKE IN THE EXAMPLE.

Copyright 2014 Theresa Stowell