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HOUSES

INTRODUCTION

Evolution of styles

Typology

Interpretation of the styles in regional context


TIMELINE evolution of styles
1890
ARTS & CRAFT ART NOUVEAU
artist and writer William Morris (18341896) influenced by nature and curved lines
writings of John Ruskin (18191900) ornamentation
Augustus Pugin (18121852)

STYLE
aesthetic design and decoration
drawing upon past historical precedence STYLE
Victorian style accent as the building design
idea either its exterior or interior design
Casa Mila - Gaudi
TIMELINE evolution of styles
1890
ADOLF LOOS FRANK LLYOD WRIGHT
architect writer modernism
pure architecture

STYLE
functionalist
STYLE
ornament is a crime
a building is only organic when the exterior
And the interior exist in unison, and when both
Are in harmony
TIMELINE evolution of styles
1910- 1920 : FIRST MODERNS
MODERNATION & INDUSTRIALIZATION
glass give us the new age, the culture of bricks only give us pain
Walter Gropius

STYLE
functionality
industrial practicality
uitilitarian
TIMELINE evolution of styles
1910- 1920 : FIRST MODERNS
NEO CLASSICISM
search for national style

EXPRESSIONISM
the way to a variety in colour and form

CUBISM
deconstructed and reassembled form
basic geometric form

FUTURISM
breaking into modernity
futuristic

Hodek Apartment block


TIMELINE evolution of styles
1920 : INTERNATIONAL STYLE
DE STIJL
Expressionist architecture of the Amsterdam school
Avant - garde
influenced by Frank Llyod Wright + French cubist
Piet Mondrian: cubic structure of form

Gerrit Thomas Rietveld, Schroder house


TIMELINE evolution of styles
1920 : INTERNATIONAL STYLE
BAUHAUS
Desau Germany; Weimar art school
Radical modernization of the art
Walter Gropius
Mies Van de Rohe : Less is MORE
Hans Scharoun, Residential block, Berlin 1931

Space full of light and air for working masses


TIMELINE evolution of styles
1940 : AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE
EUROPE MEETS US
Rudolph Schindler
Ridchard Neutra

Lovell Beach House, Schindler 1926 Lovell Health House, Neutra 1929

Space full of light and air for working masses


TIMELINE evolution of styles
1945 - 1960 : GLOBALIZATION OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE
NEW BEGINNING AND CONTINUITY
Endof World War 2
People started to migrate
Eastern & Western Power Blocks

INTERNATIONA L STYLE CAME BACK


reinforced concrete
glassy faade
unified style pushing regional architecture to the background

Eames House Santa Monica. 1949 : prototype house for prefabricated parts
TIMELINE evolution of styles
1945 - 1960 : GLOBALIZATION OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE
OLD MASTERS NEW BUILDINGS
Philip Johnson Glass House, 1949
Glass faade
Minimal steel frame

OLD MASTERS NEW BUILDINGS


Farnsworth House, illinois, America
Mies Van DeRohe : Less is More
TIMELINE evolution of styles
1960 - 1970 : CAPITALISM vs SOCIALISM
MAKING A REVOLUTION (Swinging sixties, socialism, Marxism)
BRUTALISM : Unit d'habitation
The New Openness
Reinforced concrete were laid bare
Honest architecture : ethical
Louis I Khan
Le Corbusier

initial inspiration of the Brutalist architectural style and philosophy


rough-cast concrete
steel frame proved too expensive in light of post-War shortages
TIMELINE evolution of styles
1970 - 1980 : HIGH TECH & POST MODERNISM
Late Modernism
Structural Expressionism John Hancock Center
prominent display of the building's Chicago, Illinois, United States 1969
technical and functional components,
orderly arrangement
pre-fabricated elements.
Glass walls and steel frames

structural expressionist
X-braced exterior shows that the structure's skin is part of its 'tubular system'.
Lake Shore Drive Apartments, Mies the structure that keeps the building upright during wind and earthquake loads
TIMELINE evolution of styles
1970 - 1980 : HIGH TECH & POST MODERNISM
The Return to STYLE
Produce social context to the inhabitants of residents
slums in a box format
1960s movement interest in historical forms
Robert Venturi : Less is a BORE

Vanna Venturi House 1962: building poetically, asymmetry symmetry,


TIMELINE evolution of styles
1970 - 1980 : HIGH TECH & POST MODERNISM
The Return to STYLE
Charles Moore: Plaza d Italia in New Orleans attack on Functionalism

AT & T Building (now SONY building) Phillip Johnsson


TIMELINE evolution of styles
1990 2000s: In a GLANCE
DECONSTRUCTION
Frank O Gehry
Search for new architecture
Influenced by Modernism & Russian Constructivist
architecture in the lenses of new century, where everything takes
new shapes and new appearance.

stimulating unpredictability and


a controlled chaos
TIMELINE evolution of styles
1990 2000s: In a GLANCE
HIGH TECH EXPRESSION
Structural expressionism
Robles Arquitectos,
HSB Turning Torso beach Villa in
Costa Rica, 2010

SUSTAINABILITY
Reduction instead of expression

Hover House 3,
Glen Irani Architects,
Venice Canals of Los Angeles,
FEMINIZATION OF URBAN LIVING
feminization of the home, began in the 17th century, as one of the most important events in the
evolution toward modern households.

the invention and spread of electricity as a source of power in the 19th and 20th centuries was a
game-changer for women.

the "rise of the female influence" has resulted in the suburbanization of urban living, with its
large, single-family houses.

It is the women who most often decide what community and what house a family will live in. Like
no time in human history, women today are focused on the design of their home. The home is
the woman's castle.

The advent of the professional working women has dramatically changed how we live. Their
second income results in more money to buy bigger houses with more comforts, conveniences
and privacy.

The increased family income buys separate bedrooms for everyone, along with a separate
dining room, kitchen nook and family room.

This includes the master bedroom - the "homeowner's retreat" - with its spa-like bathroom, huge
walk-in-closet and king-sized master bed.
- Rybczynski
TYPOLOGY
TERRACE HOUSE
TYPOLOGY
COURTYARD HOUSE

The immigrant Chinese


brought the styles to
Malaysia Sekeping Tenggiri, Seksan
TYPOLOGY
DETACHED HOUSE : bungalow

Contemporary modern Campbell House, Jalan Campbell : style Vernacular


TYPOLOGY
SEMI-DETACHED HOUSE : Semi-D
TYPOLOGY
APARTMENTS : Service apartments, Condominiums, Penthouse, Studios complex, Flat
TYPOLOGY
APARTMENTS
GLOBALISATION of architecture in REGIONAL context
How far can the architects act as a mediator between local and global aspirations given the
fundamental ambiguities that exist in Asian societies?
The age of simultaneous realities is upon us, and their capacity to co-exist in an eclectic and sometimes
syncretic manner is a positive trait. Many architects attempt to synthesize the multiple strands of
influence with the varying degrees of success. There were early attempt to be local and authentic, but
we are now seeing the encompassing of many different influence, which has led to wide degree of
experimentation and eclectic expression in architecture
-Hasan Udin Khan

CLIMATIC RESPONSE in the URBAN HOUSE


an openness in facade and planning
flexibility in both air-con and natural ventilation
open to sky living spaces
Roof terrace
Landscape and water integral part of the design
shifting patterns of sun and shadows
The persistent challenge in Urban setting

Fortress of solitude

Urban pollution

Crime
ARCHITECTURAL issues
AMBIGUOUS SPACE

A relationship between two opposing elements can be achieved by placing spatial distance or temporal
distance between them
-Kisho Kurokawa
The architects intention was to explore the incidental space, the space in between, the transitional space.
The central atrium space is like a street am almost public space, fragment of the landscape coming into the house.
Non defined spaces will become defined or redefined by human activity and events when the house is visited and
inhabited.

Location: Bangi, Selangor


Site Area: 983 sqm
Total Floor Area: 520 sqm
Structure: Reinforced concrete & steel
Dec 1996 - 1997
ARCHITECTURAL issues
CONCEALMENT AND EXPOSURE

URBAN DWELLERS:
Transparency vs. enclosure
Exposure vs. concealment
Individuality vs. anonymity

EVERTON ROAD HOUSE in SINGAPORE LEM HOUSE in SINGAPORE


sophisticated and private lifestyle behind a suitably simultaneous desire for recognition in animosity (privacy)
anonymous exterior
ARCHITECTURAL issues
HOUSE AS MEMORIES

Layers of memories are evoked where new meanings are constantly being inscribed an re inscribed upon the text
diverse culture references from Malaysia, China and Australia
ARCHITECTURAL issues
HOUSE AS A MICROCOSM OF THE CITY

THE LIM HOUSE, Jimmy Lim

It is simultaneously with a city in constant change and evolution: research centre, music academy, resource library,
meditation centre, an antique shop, a garage, a restoration yard, an aviary, an observatory an ancestral home and
temple.

Mood of the House:


Quiet restful nooks
Formal and informal places
Expansive semi public places
Soaring atrium
RETURN of the NATIVE
HOUSES CAN BE MODERN SIMULTANEOUSLY BE ROOTED IN ONES CULTURE

It is a mistake to regard the Post Modernism as a chaotic transitional periods. The appearance of a highly differentiated
architecture, the eruption of the evocation of the information age, The evocation of meaning through difference requires a
keen sensitivity as an essential prerequisite.
- Kisho Kurokawa

It is arguably necessary to step outside a culture for a period in order to more thoroughly appreciate, be sensitive to
and critical of it. In time one would then be able to discard aspects of tradition which no longer have relevance.
The returning native brings shaper perception of his and her own culture and with it the confidence to transform it.
http://interiorfans.com/art-nouveau-
architecture-by-oleg-carlson/

http://freshome.com/2011/01/17/think-
green-10-best-sustainable-homes-of-2010/

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