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Shell MDS (Malaysia) Sendirian Berhad

Summary of Environmental Assessments for Shell GTL Saraline 185V Updated on 10 Jun 2013

Test Type Test Protocol Test Substance Species Test Results Conclusion Remarks Test Laboratory Report Date

CHRONIC TOXICITY
7-day EC50 Larval US EPA 2003 Pure Base Fluid Pagrus auratus [larval pink snapper] >100,000 mg/L Non-toxic Australian requirements Geotech Services (Australia) Mar-05
Fish Growth Australian species [Hindswood et al. Toxicity also include test for drilling
Grade] mud.
28-day Juvenile Fish Curtin University Test Drilling Mud Pagrus auratus [Juvenile pink Minimum biological Minimum biological Curtin University of Aug-06
Exposure Protocol snapper] perturbations in exposed perturbations in exposed fish Technology (Australia)
fish
ACUTE TOXICITY
96-h LC-50 Shrimp Biology Test Method (Static Pure Base Fluid, Penaeus monodon [shrimp] 96-h LC-50 > 1,000,000 Non-toxic, material with 96- Bioprocess Laboratory, Jan-13
Larvae Test Type), KAN Indonesia Suspended ppm H LC50 is > 30,000 ppm Biotechnology Group of
Particulate Phase LEMIGAS, Indonesia

96-h LC-50 Shrimp US EPA, 5th edition 2002 Pure Base Fluid, Penaeus monodon [shrimp] 96-h LC-50 > 1,000,000 Relatively Harmless (Swan, SUCOFINDO, Indonesia Oct-12
Larvae Test Suspended ppm Neff JM & Young 1994
Particulate Phase Environmental Implication of
Offshore Oil & Gas
Development in Australia)

96-h LC-50 Shrimp American Public Health Pure Base Fluid, Penaeus monodon [shrimp] & 96-h LC-50 is 609,400 Passed. Within the Non-toxic [Toxicity Rating National Institute Of May-12
Larvae and Juvenle Association and US EPA Suspended Mugil cephalus [mullet] mg/L for larvea tiger acceptance criterian by Classification system of Oceanography (Council of
Fish Test (1975) Standard Particulate Phase shrimpp and 671,400 mg/lg MOEF/CPCB for safe use of EPA/NPDES/BAT]] Scientific & Industrial
Procedures for grey mullet. drilling base fluid in oil and Research), Dona Paula,
gas industry. Goa
96-h LC-50 Juvenile China GB/T 18420.2 - Pure Base Fluid, 10-day-old Ctenogobius 96-h LC-50 > 100000 Passed. The 96-h LC-50 test Guangdong Laboratory Mar-11
Fish Survival Test 2009 Biological Toxicity For Suspended gymnauchen [fish] mg/L of Shell GTL Saraline 185V Animals Monitoring
Pollutants From Marine Particulate Phase exceeded 100000 mg/L Institute
Petroleum Exploration &
Exploitation

96-h LC-50 Shrimp China GB/T 18420.2 - Pure Base Fluid, Post larvae Penaeus vannamei 96-h LC-50 > 100000 Passed. The 96-h LC-50 test Guangdong Laboratory Mar-11
Post Larvae Survival 2009 Biological Toxicity For Suspended [shrimp] mg/L of Shell GTL Saraline 185V Animals Monitoring
Test Pollutants From Marine Particulate Phase exceeded 100000 mg/L Institute
Petroleum Exploration &
Exploitation

96-h LC-50 PARCOM Protocol 1995 Pure Base Fluid, Perna viridis [Green mussels] 96hr LC50>200,000mg/kg Initial Group E ('A' to 'E', 'E' Research and 2007
Sediment Species Part A ((modified?)) Suspended
p with least potential hazard). Development Centre for
Test Particulate Phase [UK Offshore Chemical Petroleum safety and
Notification Scheme, Environment (CPSE) -
PARCOM Guidelines 2000] PetroVietnam

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Test Type Test Protocol Test Substance Species Test Results Conclusion Remarks Test Laboratory Report Date
10-day LC50 PARCOM Protocol 1995 Pure Base Fluid, Corophium volutator [amphipod] 10d LC50 >20,000 mg/kg Non-toxic Australian species: Springborn Smithers Jan-06
Sediment Species Part A Suspended European species (wet basis) [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Gladioferens imparipes . Laboratories (USA)
Test Particulate Phase 10d LC50 >50,000 mg/kg Grade] Australian requirements
(dry basis) also include test for drilling
mud.
10-day
y LC50 OECD 1992 Pure Base Fluid, Boleopthalmus
p boddarti [[mud 10d LC50 > 235,000 mg/L
g Non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: p National Environmental May-05
y
Sediment Species Suspended skipper] West Coast India [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Corophium volutator . Engineering Research
Test Particulate Phase Grade] Australian species: Institute (India)
Gladioferens imparipes .

10-day LC50 OECD 1992 Pure Base Fluid, Scylla serrata [mud crab] East Coast 10d LC50 > 128,000 mg/L Non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Sediment Species Suspended India [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Corophium volutator . Engineering Research
Test Particulate Phase Grade] Australian species: Institute (India)
p p .
Gladioferens imparipes

96-hr LC50 Shrimp US EPA Mysid shrimp , Pure Base Fluid, Penaeus monodon [shrimp] 72hr EC50 +/-148,793 Initial Group E ('A' to 'E', 'E' Research and 2007
Larvae test 1993 protocol Suspended mg/l with least potential hazard). Development Centre for
Particulate Phase [UK Offshore Chemical Petroleum safety and
Notification Scheme, Environment (CPSE) -
PARCOM Guidelines 2000] PetroVietnam

96-hr
96 hr LC50 Larval PARCOM Protocol 1995 Pure Base Fluid,, Pagrus auratus [larval pink snapper] 96hr LC50 >100,000 Non-toxic
100,000 mg/L Non toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: Geotech Services ((Australia)) Mar-05
Mar 05
Fish Survival Test Part B Suspended Australian species SPP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus .
Particulate Phase Grade] Australian species: Pagrus
auratus.

96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Pure Base Fluid, T. mossambica West Coast India 96hr LC50 > 145,000 Non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Suspended mg/L SPP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus . Engineering Research
Particulate Phase Grade] Australian species: Pagrus Institute (India)
auratus.

96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Pure Base Fluid, Mugil persia West Coast India 96hr LC50 > 98,000 mg/L Almost non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Suspended SPP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus . Engineering Research
Particulate Phase Grade] Australian species: Pagrus Institute (India)
auratus.

96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Pure Base Fluid, Mugil cephalus East Coast India 96hr LC50 > 86,500 mg/L Almost non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Suspended SPP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus . Engineering Research
Particulate Phase Grade] Australian species: Pagrus Institute (India)
auratus.

96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Pure Base Fluid, Penaeus indicus East Coast India 96hr LC50 > 67,000 mg/L Almost non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Suspended SPP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus . Engineering Research
Particulate Phase Grade] Australian species: Pagrus Institute (India)
auratus.

96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Drilling Mud, T. mossambica West Coast India 96hr LC50 > 82,000 mg/L Almost non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Suspended of 10% SPP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus . Engineering Research
Particulate Phase Grade] Australian species: Pagrus Institute (India)
auratus.

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Test Type Test Protocol Test Substance Species Test Results Conclusion Remarks Test Laboratory Report Date
96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Drilling Mud, Mugil persia West Coast India 96hr LC50 > 75,500 mg/L Almost non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Suspended of 10% SPP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity recommended species: Engineering Research
Particulate Phase Grade] Scophthalmus maximus Institute (India)

96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Drilling Mud, Mugil cephalus East Coast India 96hr LC50 > 78,000 mg/L Almost non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Suspended of 10% SPP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus . Engineering Research
P ti l t Phase
Particulate Ph Grade] Australian species: Pagrus Institute (India)
auratus.
96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Drilling Mud, Penaeus indicus East Coast India 96hr LC50 > 61,000 mg/L Almost non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Suspended of 10% SPP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus . Engineering Research
Particulate Phase Grade] Australian species: Pagrus Institute (India)
auratus.
96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Drilling Mud, Solid T. mossambica West Coast India 96hr LC50 > 134,000 Non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Phase mg/L of 10% SP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus . Engineering Research
Grade] Australian species: Pagrus Institute (India)
auratus.
96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Drilling Mud, Solid Mugil persia West Coast India 96hr LC50 > 98,300 mg/L Almost non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Phase of 10% SP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus . Engineering Research
Grade] Australian species: Pagrus Institute (India)
auratus.
96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Drilling Mud, Solid Mugil cephalus East Coast India 96hr LC50 > 97,600 mg/L Almost non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Phase of 10% SP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus . Engineering Research
Grade] Australian species: Pagrus Institute (India)
auratus.
96-hr LC50 Juvenile OECD 1992 Drilling Mud, Solid Penaeus indicus East Coast India 96hr LC50 > 85,000 mg/L Almost non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: National Environmental May-05
Fish Survival Test Phase of 10% SP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Scophthalmus maximus . Engineering Research
Grade] Australian species: Pagrus Institute (India)
auratus.
96-hr LC50 US EPA 2001 40 CFR 435 Pure Base Fluid, Mysidopsis bahia [shrimp] USA Gulf 96hr LC50 >1,000,000 Non-toxic PBS&J, Ecotox Lab (USA) Oct-03
Crustacea Survival (Modified) Suspended of Mexico ppm of 10% SPP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity
Test Particulate Phase Grade]

96-hr LC50 US EPA 2001 40 CFR 435 Mysidopsis juniae [shrimp] 96hr LC50 = 353,553 Passed. Brazil May-07
Crustacea Survival (Modified) ppm, SPP
Test
48-hr LC50 PARCOM, ISO 14569 Pure Base Fluid, Acartia tonsa [copepod] Euro species 96hr LC50 >1,000 mg/L Passed. Concentrations Other Australian species: Springborn Smithers Jan-06
Crustacean Survival Suspended NOEC = 130 mg/L tested did not result in >50% Penaeus monodon . Laboratories (USA)
Test Particulate Phase SPP mortality. Australian requirements
also include test for drilling
mud.
72-hr EC50 Algae OECD 1984 Pure Base Fluid, Nitzschia closterium [marine alga] 72hr EC50 >83,300 mg/L Almost non-toxic OSPAR/PARCOM species: Geotech Services (Australia) Mar-05
Growth Inhibition PARCOM ISO 10253 Suspended Australian species SPP [Hindswood et al. Toxicity Skeletonema costatum ;
Test Particulate Phase Grade] other Australian species:
Isochysis sp. Australian
requirements also include
test for drilling mud.

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Test Type Test Protocol Test Substance Species Test Results Conclusion Remarks Test Laboratory Report Date
72-hr EC50 Algae OECD 1984 Pure Base Fluid, Skeletonema costatum [marine 72hr EC50 +/- 113,796 Initial Group E ('A' to 'E', 'E' Research and 2007
Growth Inhibition PARCOM ISO/DIS BS EN Suspended alga] OSPAR/PARCOM species mg/L with least potential hazard). Development Centre for
Test 10253:2006 "Water quality - Particulate Phase [UK Offshore Chemical Petroleum safety and
Marine Algal Growth Notification Scheme, Environment (CPSE) -
Inhibition Test with
PARCOM Guidelines 1994] PetroVietnam
Skeletonema costatum
and Phaeodactylum
tricornutum"

72-hr EC50 Algae OECD 1984 Pure Base Fluid Skeletonema costatum [marine 48hr EC50 >1,000 mg/L Initial Group E ('A' to 'E', 'E' Australian species: Chemex (UK) Nov-06
Growth Inhibition PARCOM ISO/DIS BS EN Water- alga] OSPAR/PARCOM species 72hr EC50 >1,000 mg/L with least potential hazard). Nitzschia closterium.
Test 10253:2006 "Water quality - accommodated SPP [UK Offshore Chemical Australian requirements
Marine Algal Growth Fractions Notification Scheme, also include test for drilling
Inhibition Test with
PARCOM Guidelines 1994] mud.
Skeletonema costatum
and Phaeodactylum
tricornutum"

24-hr CEO Growth Lytechinus variegates embryos >1,000,000 ppm SPP Passed. Brazil May-07
Inhibition Test
72-hr EC50 Algae OECD Guidelines for Pure Base Fluid, Raphidocelis subcapitata [algae] 72hr EL50 > 1,000mg/L Passed. 'Not harmful' to OSPAR/PARCOM species: Shell Global Solutions Feb-01
Growth Inhibition Testing of Chemicals Suspended NOEL > 1,000 mg/L aquatic organisms. Skeletonema costatum; (UK)
Test 201: Algae inhibition test Particulate Phase SPP other Australian species: Analytical Technology
Isochysis sp. Tests were Business Group
performed on 'SMDS-2'
gasoil (a key component in
Shell Saraline drilling base
fluids) and its mixture with
various proportion of ultra
low sulphur diesel.

48-hr Acute OECD Guidelines for Pure Base Fluid, Daphnia magna [water flea] 48 hr EL50 > 1,000mg/L Passed. 'Not harmful' to Tests were performed on Shell Global Solutions Feb-01
Ecotoxicity Testing of Chemicals Suspended NOEL > 1,000 mg/L aquatic organisms. 'SMDS-2' gasoil (a key (UK)
Immobilisation and 202: Daphnia sp . acute Particulate Phase SPP component in Shell Saraline Analytical Technology
Reproduction Test immobilisation test and drilling base fluids) and its Business Group
reproduction test mixture with various
proportion of ultra low
sulphur
l h di diesel.
l

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Test Type Test Protocol Test Substance Species Test Results Conclusion Remarks Test Laboratory Report Date

BIODEGRADATION
28-d Aerobic OECD 306 Pure Base Fluid n/a -38% Passed. (>60%) Research and 2007
Biodegradability Test "Biodegradability in Development Centre for
Seawater - Closed Bottle" Petroleum safety and
Environment (CPSE) -
PetroVietnam
28-d Aerobic OECD 306 Pure Base Fluid n/a 62% Passed. (>60%) Australian requirements Chemex (UK) Mar-05
Biodegradability Test "Biodegradability in also include test for drilling
Seawater - Closed Bottle" mud.

28-d Aerobic OECD 301 D Pure Base Fluid n/a 63% Passed. (>60%) National Environmental May-05
Biodegradability Test "Biodegradability in Engineering Research
Seawater - Closed Bottle" Institute (India)

Biodegradability test OECD (1992): Ready Pure Base Fluid n/a 60% degradation (ThOD) Passed. Readily Tests were performed on Shell Global Solutions Jan-01
Biodegradability 301 F after 10 days biodegradable 'SMDS-1' and 'SMDS-2' (UK)
Manometris Respirometry 75% degradation (ThOD) gasoil (key components in Analytical Technology
Test. OECD Guidelines for after 28 days Shell Saraline drilling base Business Group
Testing of Chemicals
fluids) and its mixture with
various proportion of ultra
low sulphur diesel. Passing
level for 'ready'
biodegradability is >= 60%
ThOD and this level must
be reached 10 days after
biodegradation has first
achieved 10% ThOD.

BIOACCUMULATION/ BIOCONCENTRATION
Log Pow OECD 117 GC-MS Method Pure Base Fluid n/a Log Pow = 3.6 Log Pow = 3.6 Geotech Services ((Australia)) Mar-05
Mar 05

Log Pow OECD 117 HPLC Method Pure Base Fluid n/a Log Pow >6.2 Log Pow >6.2 Real bioaccumulation Research and 2007
expected to be low due to Development Centre for
low bioavailability of the Petroleum safety and
chemical in the water Environment (CPSE) -
column PetroVietnam
Log Pow OECD 117 HPLC Method Pure Base Fluid n/a Log Pow >6.2 Log Pow >6.2 Safepharm Laboratories (UK) Oct-06

Log Pow OECD 117 HPLC Method Pure Base Fluid n/a Log Pow = 10.56 Log Pow = 10.56 Stillmeadow, Inc (USA) May-07

BCF OECD 305 A-E Pure Base Fluid Mytilus edulis [Blue Mussel] Log BCF 3.2 (dry basis) Log BCF 3.2 (dry basis) Opus Plus Ltd (UK) Feb-06
depuration half time = 21 depuration half time = 21
days days

AROMATICS AND PAH CONTENT


PAH Content US EPA 1992. Test Pure Base Fluid n/a <0.001 Passed. Lafayette Laboratory Jan-04
method 1654A (USA)
PAH Content US EPA-16 PAHs Pure Base Fluid n/a 544 ppb Passed. Shell Global Solutions Oct-06
(UK)

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Test Type Test Protocol Test Substance Species Test Results Conclusion Remarks Test Laboratory Report Date

FIELD PERFORMANCE
Seabed Study Measurement of seabed Discharged drill Field species offshore East Degradation and loss of Shell Saraline 185V does no Shell Global Solutions Sep-07
parameters and cuttings Malaysia concentration of Shell more harm to the (UK), Petronas Research
sediment physio- Saraline 185V over time. environment than internal and Scientific Services
chemical conditions in 1 No noticeable change on olefins (Malaysia), Westhollow
month and 1 year after benthic community
community. Technology Center (US)
(US),
discharge: dispersion TDI-Brooks International
pattern, hydrocarbon (US)
content, hydrocarbon
profile, macrobenthic
profile

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