Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 6

Smiths Elements of Soil Mechanics.

9th Edition Ian Smith


Chapter 8

Solutions to Exercises

Exercise 8.1

(exercises_8.1_and_8.3a.xls available)

1 sin
Ka = = 0.32
1 + sin
2
Pa = Kah = 0.32 17.5 25 = 70.0 kN

Weight of wall = (1 3)23.5 + (0.7 4)23.5 = 70.5 + 65.8 = 136.3 kN

Weight of soil on heel = 1.7 4 17.5 = 119.0 kN

vertical reaction force = total weight = 136.3 + 119.0 = 255.3 kN

Fo/t = [(70.5 1.5) + (65.8 0.95) + (119.0 2.15)] / (70.0 5/3)


= 424.1 / 116.7
= 3.63

V tan 31 255.3
Fs = = = 2.19
Pa 70.0

Eccentricity:
V x = 424.1 116.7 = 307.4
x = 307.4 / 255.3 = 1.20 m
e = 1.5 1.20 = 0.3 m (i.e. within middle third)

Rv 6e
Maximum bearing pressure = p = 1
B B

255.3 6 0.3
= 1 + = 135.5 kPa (< 300 ok)
3 3

Published by Wiley http://www.wiley.com/go/smith/soil


ISBN-13: 978-0470673393

Smiths Elements of Soil Mechanics. 9th Edition Ian Smith

Exercise 8.2

(exercise_8.2_and_8.3b.xls available)

1 sin
Ka = = 0.271
1 + sin
2
Pa = Kah = 0.271 18.0 25 = 61.0 kN

Weight of wall = (1 2.5)23.5 + (0.7 4)23.5 + (1.8 4)23.5

= 58.75 + 32.9 + 169.2 = 260.9 kN

Fo/t = [(58.75 1.25) + (32.9 1.4/3) + (169.2 1.6)] / (61 5/3)

= 359.5 / 101.7 = 3.53

Fs = V / Pa = tan(0.67 35) 260.9 / 61 = 1.85

Published by Wiley http://www.wiley.com/go/smith/soil


ISBN-13: 978-0470673393

Smiths Elements of Soil Mechanics. 9th Edition Ian Smith

Exercise 8.3

(exercises_8.1_and_8.3a.xls and exercise_8.2_and_8.3b.xls available)

1. Combination 1 (partial factor sets A1 + M1 + R1)

From Table 5.1: G; unfav = 1.35; G; fav = 1.0; Q = 1.5; = 1.0.


(i) Design material properties

1 sin d
'd = 38 : Using Rankines theory, Ka = = 0.32.
1 + sin d
(ii) Design actions

In sliding and overturning, the weight of the wall is a permanent, favourable action:

Stem: Gstem;d = 0.7 4.0 concrete G; fav = 2.8 23.5 1.0 = 65.8 kN

Base: Gbase;d = 1.0 3.0 concrete G; fav = 3.0 23.5 1.0 = 70.5 kN

Soil on heel: Gheel;d = 1.7 4.0 G; fav = 6.8 17.5 1.0 = 119.0 kN

Total, Rv;d: 255.3 kN

The thrust from the active earth pressure is a permanent, unfavourable action.

Pa;d = 0.32 17.5 52 G; unfav = 94.5 kN

(iii) Design effect of actions and design resistance

Sliding:

Total horizontal thrust, Rh;d = 94.5 kN

Design resistance = Rv;d tan = 255.3 tan 31 = 153.4 kN (since = ')

The GEO limit state requirement for sliding is satisfied and the over-design factor

Published by Wiley http://www.wiley.com/go/smith/soil


ISBN-13: 978-0470673393

Smiths Elements of Soil Mechanics. 9th Edition Ian Smith

153.4
!= = 1.62
94.5

Overturning:

5
Destabilising moment, Mdst = 94.5 = 157.5 kNm
3

Stabilising moment, Mstb = 65.8 0.95 + 70.5 1.5 + 119.0 2.15

= 424.1 kNm

The GEO limit state requirement for overturning is satisfied since Mdst < Mstb, and the

over-design factor

424.1
!= = 2.69
157.5

Bearing:

From above, destabilising moment = 165.0 kNm

Stabilising moment:

The weight of the wall, Rv is now considered as a permanent,


unfavourable action:

MR = Mstem + Mbase + Mheel = (65.8 0.95 + 70.5 1.5 + 119.0 2.15) G; unfav

= 572.5 kNm

572.5 !165.0
Lever arm of Rv;d, x = = 1.2 m (within middle third of base)
255.3"1.35

Eccentricity, e = 1.5 1.2 = 0.33 m

Rv;d ! 6e $
Maximum bearing pressure = #1+ & = 182.9 kPa
B " B%

Published by Wiley http://www.wiley.com/go/smith/soil


ISBN-13: 978-0470673393

Smiths Elements of Soil Mechanics. 9th Edition Ian Smith

2. Combination 2 (partial factor sets A2 + M2 + R1)

The calculations are the same as for Combination 1 except that this time the following

partial factors are used: G; unfav = 1.0; G; fav = 1.0; Q; dst = 1.3; = 1.25. The favourable

actions are the same as for Combination 1 since G; fav = 1.0.

Ka = 0.395

Sliding:

Rv;d = 255.3 kN

Rh;d = 86.5 kN

Rv;d tan = 255.3 tan 25.7 = 122.7 kN

The GEO limit state requirement for sliding is satisfied and the over-design factor

122.7
!= = 1.42
86.5

Overturning:

Destabilising moment:

5
Destabilising moment, Mdst = 86.5 = 144.2 kNm
3
Stabilising moment, Mstb = 424.1 kNm

424.1
The GEO limit state requirement for overturning is satisfied and ! = = 2.94
144.2

Bearing:

Lever arm of Rv, x = 1.1 m (within middle third of base)


Eccentricity, e = 1.5 1.1 = 0.4 m

Maximum bearing pressure = 153.8 kPa

Published by Wiley http://www.wiley.com/go/smith/soil


ISBN-13: 978-0470673393

Smiths Elements of Soil Mechanics. 9th Edition Ian Smith

Exercise 8.4

(exercise_8.4.xls available)

Published by Wiley http://www.wiley.com/go/smith/soil


ISBN-13: 978-0470673393