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Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Course Code: ME-308


Instructor
Dr. Deepak Kumar
Room No: 116, Department of Mechanical Engineering
Email: deepakkumar@mmumullana.org
M#8059931047

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Plan For Today

Machine Cell Design

Benefits of Group Technology

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Machine Cell Designs


1. Single machine
2. Multiple machines with manual handling
Often organized into U-shaped layout
3. Multiple machines with semi-integrated handling
4. Automated cell automated processing and integrated handling
Flexible manufacturing cell
Flexible manufacturing system

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Machine Cell with Manual Handling

U-shaped machine cell with manual part handling between


machines

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Cell with Semi-Integrated Handling

In-line layout using mechanized work handling between machines

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Cell with Semi-Integrated Handling

Loop layout allows variations in part routing between machines

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Cell with Semi-Integrated Handling

Rectangular layout also allows variations in part routing and


allows for return of work carriers if they are used

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Four Types of Part Moves in Mixed Model Production


System

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Key Machine Concept

Applies in cells when there is one machine (the key machine)


that is more expensive or performs certain critical operations
Other machines in the cell are supporting machines
Important to maintain high utilization of key machine, even if
this means lower utilization of supporting machines

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Manufacturing Applications of Group Technology


Different ways of forming machine cells:
Informal scheduling and routing of similar parts
through selected machines to minimize setups
Virtual machine cells dedication of certain machines
in the factory to produce part families, but no physical
relocation of machines
Formal machine cells machines are physically
relocated to form the cells
Automated process planning
Modular fixtures
Parametric programming in NC

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Benefits of Group Technology in Manufacturing


Standardization of tooling, fixtures, and setups is encouraged
Material handling is reduced
Parts are moved within a machine cell rather than the entire
factory
Process planning and production scheduling are simplified
Work-in-process and manufacturing lead time are reduced
Improved worker satisfaction in a GT cell
Higher quality work

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Product Design Applications of Group Technology


Design retrieval systems
Industry survey: For new part designs,
Existing part design could be used - 20%
Existing part design with modifications 40%
New part design required 40%
Simplification and standardization of design parameters
such as tolerances, chamfers, hole sizes, thread sizes, etc.
Reduces tooling and fastener requirements in
manufacturing

Maharishi Markandeshwar University


Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Summary

Machine Cell Design


Machine Cell with manual and semi integrated handling
Benefits of Group Technology

Maharishi Markandeshwar University