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Course Level: UG Course Code: CEE404 UNITS
03 1 - - 04
Course Objectives: To provide understanding of advanced topics of soil mechanics and design of different types of foundations.

Pre-requisites: Basic understanding of Geotechnical Engineering

Course Contents/Syllabus:
Weightage (%)
Module I 25
Foundations: An introduction
General considerations: Functions of foundations. Requisites of satisfactory foundations. Different types of foundations. Definition of shallow
and deep foundation. Selection of type of foundation. Advantages and limitations of various types of foundations. Design considerations .
Footings subjected to eccentric loading. Conventional procedure for proportioning footings for equal settlements. Open excavation: Open
foundation excavations with unsupported slopes. Supports for shallow and deep excavations. Stress distribution in sheeting and bracing of
shallow and deep excavations. Stability of bottom of excavations.

Module II 25
Shallow Foundations
Shallow Foundations: Definitions, Bearing Capacity of Footings; Terzaghi, Mayerhof and Skemptons analysis. Effect of Rising and Lowering
of Water Table on Bearing Capacity; Settlement: Permissible, Total and Differential Settlements as per IS Code. Plate Load test, Standard
Penetration and Cone Penetration Tests for Determining Allowable Bearing Pressure
Raft foundations: Bearing capacity equations. Design considerations. Conventional design procedure for rigid mat. Uplift pressures. Methods of
resisting uplift. Floating foundations.

Module III 25
Pile foundations
Uses of piles. Classification of piles based on purpose and material. Determination of type and length of piles. Determination of bearing
capacity of axially loaded. Single vertical pile. Static and dynamic formulae. Determination of bearing capacity by penetration tests and pile
load tests (IS methods). Negative skin friction. Group action and pile spacing. Analysis of pile groups. Load distribution by Culmanns
method. Caissons and piers: Open (well) caissons. Box (floating) caissons. Pneumatic caissons. Construction details and design considerations
of well foundations. Drilled piers and their construction details.

Module IV 25
Machine foundations
Machine Foundation: Design Criteria, Free and Forced Vibrations for Single Degree of Freedom systems, Undamped and Damped Case, Types
of Machine Foundations.

Student Learning Outcomes:

1. Understand the concepts of foundation and its design.
2. Able to design different types of foundation required for construction of structures.

Pedagogy for Course Delivery:

1. Class room teaching supported with field based examples.
2. Use of presentation for enabling better understanding of the subject.
3. Assignments based on industrial application of the theory

Assessment/ Examination Scheme:

Theory L/T (%) Lab/Practical/Studio (%) TOTAL

100 0
Theory Assessment (L&T):
Continuous Assessment/Internal Assessment End Term Examination

Components (Drop down) A CT S/V/Q HA EE

Weightage (%) 5 10 8 7 70

CT: Class Test, HA: Home Assignment, S/V/Q: Seminar/Viva/Quiz, EE: End Semester Examination; Att: Attendance

Text & References:

Khan I.H., A Text Book of Geotechnical Engineering, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., Delhi, India.
Kaniraj, S.R., Design Aids in Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Tata Mc Graw Hill New Delhi.
Richart, F.E, Jr., and R.D Woods, Vibrations of Soils and Foundations, Prentice Hall, N.J, USA.
Teng W.C., Foundation Design, PHI, 1984
Terzaghi & Peck, Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice, Asia Publishing
Arora K.R., Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engg., Standard Publications, 1987.
Murthy V.N.S., Soil Mechanics & Foundations.
Punmia B.C., Soil Mechanics & Foundations, Laxmi, 1988