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Remote Sensing - Digital Image Processing - Image Restoration

ASSIGNMENT- MODULE 3

1. This problem aims to check the clarity on de-striping techniques of a remotely sensed
satellite image. Striping results due to detector imbalance or in other words, differing mean
and standard deviations from detector to detector. De striping procedures are essentially
applied to eliminate this effect. Given below, are the detector number, number of pixels
recorded by each of the detectors, pixel values recorded, mean of pixel values, standard
deviations and variance of the pixel values recorded by each of the detectors.

Detector Number of Pixel Individual Standard Variances

Number Pixels Values Means Deviations

1 5 1 3 2 4 6 3.2 1.720 2.96

2 5 3 6 2 3 8 4.4 2.245 5.04

3 5 4 3 4 2 9 4.4 2.417 5.84

4 5 2 4 3 3 7 3.8 1.720 2.96

5 5 0 2 2 2 6 2.4 1.959 3.84

6 5 4 3 3 3 9 4.4 2.332 5.44

Given the image statistics, perform de-striping to estimate the corrected pixel values.

[Hint: The overall variance can be used to calculate the gains and offsets from the image
statistics which can then be used to estimate the correct pixel values]

2. Bilinear interpolation involves the extraction of a brightness temperature from a location


(say x, y) in the original input image and its relocation to the appropriate coordinate
system (say x,y) using the closest four input pixel coordinates. The core idea here is that
the closer a pixel is to the desired (x, y) location, the more weightage it would be
assigned during the final computation of the average. Table shown below provides an
imaginary scenario wherein the sample point location are provided along with the value at
sample point and distance from x,y to the sample point.

If the weighted average of the new brightness value be computed as per the equation:

D Nagesh Kumar, IISc, Bangalore M3 Assignment


Remote Sensing - Digital Image Processing - Image Restoration

4
Zk
D
k 1
2
Brightness 4
k

1
D
k 1
2
k

Where Z k the surrounding four data be point values, D k2 be the distances squared from the
point under consideration (x, y). Using the provided information, compute the value of
brightness.

Sample point location Value at the Distance of x,y to the

(i.e., row, column) Sample point location (Z) Sample point (D)

2,2 9 0.806

3,2 6 0.922

2,3 15 0.500

3,3 18 0.670

D Nagesh Kumar, IISc, Bangalore M3 Assignment