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GENERAL (See Plan) All forms may be downloaded either in word or PDF format from the
Australian Quarantine and Inspection Services website at
Web: www.affa.gov.au/content/forms
Vessels under LOA 25 m. do not need to comply with above. Port users
GEO-POLITICAL: should also note that Island law restricts the importation of cats and dogs to
Capital City: The Settlement. the island. Any vessel with such animals will be required to keep them bonded
Nationality: (noun) Christmas Islander, (adjective) Christmas Island. on board. Further information on quarantine requirements can be obtained.
Population: 1,402. Tel: +61 (8) 9164 7456. Fax: +61 (8)
COMMUNICATIONS: 9164 7468 Email: christmas.island@aqis.gov.au
International Direct Dial Code: 61-8. PRE-ARRIVAL INFORMATION: ETA Advice: All vessels should
Number of Internal Airports: 1. contact Customs prior to arrival on VHF Channel 16 to arrange a suitable
Major Languages Spoken: English (official), Chinese, Malay. time for inspection. Vessels arriving at night are requested to advise
ECONOMY: Police/Customs of their arrival at 0800 hrs. the following morning.
Currency: 1 Australian Dollar (AUD) of 100 Cents. The following details are to be provided:
Exchange: (as of May 2008) a) name of vessel
US$ 1.00 AUD 1.04 b) number of people on board
AUD 1.00 US$ 0.96 c) last port of call
Exchange rates under licence from XE.com d) any illness
Main Industries: Tourism and phosphate extraction. e) any animals on board
ENVIRONMENT: f) nationality.
Territorial Sea: 12 n.m. Vessels calling Christmas Island are subject to full Australian Immigration
Other Maritime Claims: Contiguous Zone: 12 n.m. requirements and all appropriate documentation should be made available
Exclusive Fishing Zone: 200 n.m. to Customs officer.
Coastline Extent: 139 km. This includes:
Climate: Tropical with a wet season (December to April) and dry season; a) passports/visa
heat and humidity moderated by trade winds. b) incoming/outgoing Immigration cards
Natural Resources: Phosphate and beaches. c) port clearance
Natural Hazards: The narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be d) firearm/drug clearance
a maritime hazard. e) Cash Transaction Report Agency (CTRA) declaration (carrying more
Terrain: Steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau. than A$ 10,000 cash).
The telegraphic address is CIPHOS, Christmas Island. On sailing from
the previous port, ETA should be radioed to the Harbour Master. 48 hours
before arrival, a confirmation of ETA should be sent.
FLYING FISH COVE: 10 25' S 105 40' E (See Plan) Ships in Port: In conformity with international regulations, no radio
transmissions are allowed by vessels whilst berthed at Christmas Island. Any
OVERVIEW: Open roadstead port handles bulk phosphates, containers, telegrams requiring dispatch must be lodged at the Post Office for
general cargo and tankers. transmission. Post Office hours are 0800 1200 and 1300 1500, Monday to
LOCATION: On the northern coast of Christmas Island. Friday only.
CHARTS: AUS Charts No. 608 and 941A. VHF: The Marine Office is equipped with VHF and may be called on
PORT LIMITS: The area of sea in and adjacent to Flying Fish Cove in Channel 16 from 0000 0900 hrs. (GMT) (0700 1600 local time), Monday to
the Territory of Christmas Island enclosed by a line commencing at a point Friday, weekends by arrangement only.
where a line bearing 270(T) from the flagstaff at Government House Call sign is Christmas Island Marine.
intersects the coastline of Christmas Island at MHW thence 270(T) for a TUGS: None.
distance of 1.07 n.m. thence 360(T) for a distance of 1.07 n.m. thence SE BERTHS: Norris Point (Nui Nui) Berth: Located on the eastern side
by a straight line to Rocky Point thence generally SW along the coastline of of the Island, for use in monsoon season. No mooring facilities at this berth.
Christmas Island at MHW to the point of commencement. A tower crane is used to handle cargo from barges used in lighterage
DOCUMENTS: operation from vessels. Yacht access is limited, particularly between
Certificate of Registry November and May where there is a heavy swell. There are five heavy-duty
2 Crew Lists yacht facilities in depth 30.0 m.
Load Line Certificate Also see Bulk Facilities, Tanker Facilities and Cargo Handling
2 Manifests Facilities.
Maritime Declaration of Health MOORING: All mooring lines to be at least 200 m. length and 52 mm.
2 Passenger Lists diameter. If there is doubt about the condition, size or length of ships ropes,
Port Clearance. the Harbour Master should be requested, by telegram, 24 hours before arrival,
On arrival at the Island, all usual customs formalities must be observed. to supply extra shore ropes.
Immigration Officers will board to clear vessel inward. Until the vessel has Bulk Rock Phosphate Berth: Normally berth starboard side to. Minimum
been cleared, crew members and passengers must not go ashore. lines required 3 forward and 3 aft. To be made ready prior to berthing.
Certificates: Register of Cargo Gear and Test Certificates. General Cargo Berth: Normally berth port side to. Minimum lines required
Also see Documents before first Australia port. 3 lines forward and 5 lines aft. To be made ready prior to berthing.
ISPS COMPLIANCE: Port is not compliant. Tanker Berth (Smith Point): Normally berth starboard side to. Minimum
MAX. SIZE: 35,000 S.d.w.t., LOA 192 m., beam 28.0 m. lines required 3 forward and 3 aft. To be made ready prior to berthing. Two
DENSITY: 1023. mooring barges (6 tonnes BP) available to run mooring lines and to assist
RESTRICTIONS: Pilotage is daylight hours only. Night-time pilotage is with manoeuvring the vessel. At least two mooring supervisors from the port
only in cases of emergency. will be placed fore and aft to assist crew with mooring operation.
APPROACHES: On receipt of radioed advice, arrangements should be BULK FACILITIES:
made to arrive at the boarding position, i.e. one mile west of Smith Point, at Vessels Loading Bulk Phosphate: Loading Plant: Bulk phosphate is
the appointed time. On arrival, the way should be taken off the ship and the loaded by two cantilever arms. When the ship is moored in the loading
engines stopped, as, when the weather permits, the mooring gear is also position, the arms are swung over the appropriate hatches and the cargo
loaded at this position. poured directly into the holds. The capacity of each arm is 1,500 tonnes/hr.;
PILOTAGE: Compulsory for all vessels over 150 g.t. All vessels requiring i.e. 3,000 tonnes/hr. overall loading rate.
a Pilot should contact the Port Authority or local Agent, at least 48 hours prior Ballast: Vessels should arrive with sufficient ballast to allow them to be
to arrival. This however does not guarantee berthing on arrival. Pilot boarding handled without tugs in a strong breeze. However, on ships loading bulk
ground is 1 mile west of Smith Point. Pilot ladder to be rigged on starboard phosphate, the amount of ballast should be restricted to the amount that can
side about 1.5 m. above waterline. To assist the Pilot boarding vessel to be discharged comfortably whilst loading. The bottom of the loading chute,
provide a suitable lee and maintain a minimum dead slow ahead speed. when fully raised, is 16 m. above MHWS.
Pilotage of vessels carrying in excess of 20,000 tonnes of cargo and or The Loading Berth: The bulk loading plant is served by a system of outer
ballast must seek Port Authority advice before acceptance of pilotage. This and inner buoys. Initially, a vessel is secured to the outer buoys, which are
anchored in very deep water and then breasted to an inner buoy system
is due to the manoeuvrability of vessels of this deadweight.
(Inner Berth).
Vessels must not close the moorings nearer than one mile until such time
Preparation before Arrival:
as the Harbour Master, or his Assistant, boards to supervise securing to the
i. The forecastle head should be left as clear as possible of chain,
mooring system. All Harbour Masters are qualified Master Mariners and will
lashings, etc., so that all pipes, fairleads and bitts are available for
render pilotage assistance.
ANCHORAGES: No anchorage is available at Christmas Island, the depth ii. The derricks or cranes at No. 1 and at the aftermost hatch should be
of water being too great. Vessels unable to moor due to adverse weather, ready for loading cantilever mooring gear. At the other hatches, all
berth occupancy or late arrival, usually heave to off the port and return by derricks should be hoisted and swung over to the port side so that
daylight next morning, or when advised to do so by the Harbour Master. derricks, guys, preventers and runners are well clear of the hatchway.
PRATIQUE: Quarantine: All vessels must display yellow quarantine flag Hatches should be open before the Pilot boards ready for immediate
prior to entering territorial waters and no person is allowed to board or loading once the ship is secured in the berth. It is essential that all
disembark the vessel without permission from a Quarantine Officer until the lower holds are clean and free of dunnage on arrival. Hatch beams
vessel has undergone formal quarantine clearance. These requirements need not be removed.
apply to vessels arriving from mainland Australia as well as to vessels arriving iii. If general cargo is to be discharged, a good boat rope should be
from overseas ports. rigged on both sides for the full length of the vessel going well forward
All vessels of LOA greater than 25 m. are required to submit a Quarantine and well aft with stirrups abreast of the ends of each hatchway.
Pre-Arrival Report (QPAR) detailing particulars of the vessel, voyage, health iv. Any jumper stay, mast stay, or wireless aerial that obstructs a hatch
status and ballast water management. The ballast water details must also should be free and ready for releasing.
be documented using two other forms (the uptake/discharge Log and v. The pilot ladder should be rigged on the starboard side sufficiently far
Treatment/Exchange Log). The two ballast forms must be filled out along forward to be on the flat side of the vessel clear of the overhang of
with the QPAR but only the QPAR needs to be sent to quarantine prior to the hull aft. The bottom rung should be one metre above the water.
arrival. The ballast forms must be made available to the inspecting Quarantine vi. All discharges or scuppers in the vicinity of cargo boats, pilot ladders
Officer for verification along with the ships log books and charts. or gangways, must be effectively screened or blocked off.

See guidelines for compiling and submitting information (page xi) 693
vii. As the loading rate is high (approximately 3,000 tonnes/hr.) vessels Bill of Lading Tonnage: Loading will be stopped at any quantity desired short
should endeavour to arrange the discharge of water ballast so that of the final figure to allow the draft to be determined and alterations made
loading can be completed without interruption. However, the vessel to end hatch figures for adjusting the vessels trim.
should not arrive trimmed excessively by the stern as this could make TANKER FACILITIES: Tanker berth is situated at Smit Point 1 n.m.
it extremely difficult to handle in the prevailing fresh SE breeze. north of Margaret Beaches. Due to prevailing weather conditions vessels will
viii. All derricks, hatch boards, and beams will be handled by ships crew berth starboard side to. Cargo is loaded or discharged through either 6 in.
only. or 8 in. floating hoses, vessels to have suitable crane or derrick to handle
ix. Mooring winches aft and windlass forward should have power on these hoses. Port will not accept responsibility for hose connection failure.
ready for shore labour to handle mooring ropes. Also see Mooring.
Questionnaire: To facilitate loading the vessel, the questionnaire should be CARGO HANDLING FACILITIES: General Cargo Berth: Vessels
completed and forwarded to the Corporations General Manager on arrival. will normally sit approximately 10 m. seaward of the shore cranes centre.
M.V. The crane boom length is 40 m. and at its radius it can lift 13.1 tonnes. The
S.S. Port Authority should be consulted if cargo to be handled in excess of the
Off. above limitations.
The General Manager,
Phosphate Mining Corporation of Christmas Island, STEVEDORES: Supplied by Agents. Working hours 12 hours per day.
CHRISTMAS ISLAND, Cargo Gear: To comply with requirements of the Australian Navigation Act,
INDIAN OCEAN. 1912-58.
Dear Sir, BALLAST: See Pratique and Bulk Facilities.
I acknowledge receipt of your brochure giving information in connection with POLLUTION: Whilst the vessel is in port the disposal of garbage
mooring and loading at Christmas Island, which I have carefully noted. overboard is prohibited.
The following are the particulars of this ship: MEDICAL: Available through Indian Ocean Territories who offer a wide
Call Sign range of medical and ancillary health services. Hospital is well equipped and
Tonnage Gross Net offers outpatient GP service and 24-hour emergency care. Contact Indian
Tonnage Summer Displacement Ocean Health Services. Tel: +61 (8) 9164 8333, 9164 8338.
Length Breadth Depth
Size of Panama Lead if fitted FRESH WATER: In an emergency, a limited quantity of fresh water may
Size of Chain Cable be obtained. Requirements should be advised by radio the day prior to arrival
Weight of Anchors and confirmed with the Harbour Master when he boards.
Last Port of Departure Sufficient water should be carried to allow for a prolonged period of drifting
Date of Sailing off the Island in unfavourable weather conditions.
Quantity of Phosphate required for full Cargo this Voyage FUEL: Available at Smith Point. Contact Gaseng Petroleum Pty. Tel: +61 (8)
tonnes 9164 8313. Fax: +61 (8) 9164 8460. Email: gasengci@pulau.cx
Number of Hatches into which Phosphate will be Loaded Also see Mooring and Tanker Facilities.
Quantity to be Loaded into each Hatch STORING: See Storing on page xiv.
No. 1 1. The Island is stored purely for local needs with limited quantities and
No. 2 range of supplies. It would therefore only be in cases of extreme
No. 3 emergency that stores would be supplied to ships.
No. 4 2. In such cases vessels would be stored by barge, and this would take
No. 5 place at any convenient time prior to or during loading.
No. 6 3. Not applicable as moorings are off shore.
Spare Cabins Available 4. Forklifts are available to assist in loading stores.
Additional Cabins which can be made Available if required 5. There are no Customs regulations or requirements pertaining to the
Number of Berths in additional Cabins loading of ships stores.
Total number of Passengers who can be taken 6. Local labour is available to load stores onto ships.
Quantity of Fuel on board on Arrival DRY DOCK: See Cirebon.
Service Speed
Daily Fuel Consumption Steaming REPAIRS: No facilities exist. Engine and machinery repairs are only
Drifting permitted with written consent from Port Authority.
MASTER SURVEYORS: The Harbour Master or his assistant in his capacity as
Lloyds Agent. There are no authorised hull surveyors.
Stowage Factor: The free pour stowage factor of Christmas Island phosphate
is 0.75 0.84 cu.m./tonne in bulk carriers. The angle of repose is about 35. POLICE/AMBULANCE/FIRE: Police Tel: 444. Ambulance Tel: 333.
Weighing Machine: A weighing machine is installed at the loading plant but Fire Tel: 222.
it must only be used as a guide to the quantity loaded and scale figures EMERGENCY RESPONSE CENTRE: The nearest Co-ordination
should be checked against the vessels draft. Centre is the Coastal Surveillance Centre, Canberra. Tel: Canberra 476666.
Draft gauges are supplied from shore and fitted to ships side to assist with Cables: Marineops Canberra.
draft readings. REGULATIONS: The importation of animals and poultry into Christmas
Loading will be stopped at any quantity desired short of the final figure to Island is subject to strict control. No animals or poultry may be imported into
allow the draft to be determined and alterations made to end hatch figures Christmas Island without a permit from the Administrator; therefore animals
for adjusting the vessels trim. or poultry must not be accepted on board a ship for carriage to the Island
Loading Distribution Plan: A loading distribution plan should be made up, to unless the following documents are produced:
be presented to the Loading Master on arrival. a) a permit from the Administrator
Fastest overall loading time will be achieved if amounts can be more or b) a Certificate of Health and Declaration by Owners on Form
less evenly distributed between the two loading arms. B301 signed by a Government Veterinary Surgeon and Quarantine
It is recommended that planned loading allows a balance of Officer (Animal)
500/1,000 tonnes for trimming after draft survey. No draft surveys are carried c) a Certificate of Stock signed by an Inspector of Stock
out by shore personnel. The ship must carry out its own draft survey and d) a permit to embark animals on overseas vessels signed by a
call for additional cargo required to make up Bill of Lading or Manifest quantity Quarantine Officer (Animal).
as per charter party. Main Engines and Deck Machinery: It is imperative for the vessels
Vessels Loading Bagged Phosphate Dust: The Loading Plant: safety that the main engines are ready for proceeding to sea at all times, as
Bagged phosphate dust is loaded by ships gear. The bags, stowed on occasionally sharp squalls set in which make it necessary for the ship to
cloverleaf slings, are brought alongside by powered barges, hoisted inboard proceed offshore at very short notice.
and block stowed in the hold. The net weight on each sling is 2 tonnes. When the vessel is moored, the engines must not be used except for
Ballast: Ships loading bagged dust should, to expedite loading, retain all their proceeding to sea. This also applies to moving engines for testing, for which
ballast until approximately half the cargo is on board. the prior permission of the Harbour Master must be obtained.
The Loading Berth: Bagged phosphate is usually loaded at B2 mooring. Here Power must be kept on the windlass and all winches the whole time the
the vessel is moored between two buoys, the bow to the main mooring and vessel is in port. It is particularly important that the windlass and aft mooring
the stern to a buoy further inshore. winch are in first class order.
Preparation before Arrival:
i) The derricks should be raised and ready to work. Weather permitting, TIME: GMT plus 7 hours throughout the year.
two hatches should be open and ready to commence loading with LOCAL HOLIDAYS: New Years Day; 26 January (Australia Day); Hari
two gangs immediately upon arrival. Raya Haji; Chinese New Year (two days); Good Friday; Easter Monday;
ii) A good boat rope should be rigged on both sides of the vessel going Queens Birthday; 1 October (Territory Day); Hari Raya Puasa; 25 December
well forward and well aft with supporting stirrups abreast of the ends (Christmas Day); 26 December (Boxing Day).
of each hatchway. No work performed on New Years Day, Hari Raya Puasa, Good Friday,
iii) Two heavy mooring ropes should be ready forward to run from either 1st day of Chinese New Year and Christmas Day.
bow to the buoy. In addition to the head mooring lines, two good WEATHER/TIDES: The weather and sea conditions are subject to rapid
mooring ropes should be available aft. These ropes should be change, irrespective of season. It is therefore advisable to seek advice from
positioned so that they can be run from either quarter. Port Authority prior to arrival. Vigilant weather watch is to be maintained and
iv) All ropes should be at least 200 m. long. If there is doubt about the local Met updates are available. Tel: +61 (8) 9164 7463.
condition or length of the ships ropes, the Harbour Master should be Whilst shore labour is on board, a Harbour Master is on duty. He will advise
requested by telegram 24 hours before arrival to supply extra shore if the weather conditions necessitate taking the vessel to sea and will
ropes. supervise the unmooring operations. However, when the ship is moored, but
v) The pilot ladder should be rigged on the starboard side sufficiently far idle, sea watches must be kept. Should the wind blow onshore at Force 3 or
forward to be on the flat side of the vessel clear of the overhang of more, or the vessels movements place undue strain on the moorings, the
the hull aft. The bottom rung should be one metre above the water. ship must be taken to sea at once.
Manropes must be fitted. CONSULS: Administrators Office performs some consular functions.
vi) All discharges or scuppers in the vicinity of cargo boats, pilot ladders
or gangways must be effectively screened or blocked off. TELEPHONES: Placed aboard when required by Port Authorities. No
vii) All derricks, hatch boards and beams will be handled by ships crew charge.
only. NEAREST AIRPORT: Christmas Island Domestic Airport, 5 km. Weekly
Stowage Factor: Bagged dust stows at approximately 45 cu.ft. per ton flights from Perth and Singapore.
(1.25 cu.m./tonne). BANKS: West Pac.

694 Readers are encouraged to send updates and additions (page xi)
CUSTOMS: The importation of firearms, ammunition and explosives into
Christmas Island is prohibited unless vessel has permit to do so. All declared
firearms, ammunition and explosives will be impounded by police for the
duration of the visit and returned on departure.
Master are requested to prevent crew from selling or supplying liquors or
other goods to any person on the Island. Breaches of the Liquor and Trading
Laws render offenders liable to heavy penalties.
Also see Regulations.
SHORE LEAVE: Shore leave is, in normal weather, at the discretion of
the Master and shall expire at 1700 hrs. local time. When the weather is
doubtful the Harbour Master may prohibit shore leave altogether.
REPATRIATION: Only for medical emergencies.
AUTHORITY: Christmas Island Port, PO Box 445, Christmas Island
6798, Christmas Island. Tel: +61 (8) 9164 8434. FAX: +61 (8) 9164 8435.
Email: westernci@pulau.cx Contact: Andrew Butterworth, Harbour Master.

See guidelines for compiling and submitting information (page xi) 695