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Carlos Hathcock

Carlos Norman Hathcock II (May 20, 1942 Febru- personnel.[4] In the Vietnam War, kills had to be con-
ary 22, 1999) was a United States Marine Corps (USMC) rmed by an acting third party, who had to be an ocer,
sniper with a service record of 93 conrmed kills. Hath- besides the snipers spotter. Snipers often did not have an
cocks record and the extraordinary details of the mis- acting third party present, making conrmation dicult,
sions he undertook made him a legend in the U.S. Marine especially if the target was behind enemy lines, as was
Corps. He was honored by having a rie named after him: usually the case.
a variant of the M21 dubbed the Springeld Armory M25
Hathcock estimated that he had killed between 300 and
White Feather, for the nickname White Feather given 400 enemy personnel during his time in Vietnam.[5]
to Hathcock by the North Vietnamese Army (NVA).

2.2 Confrontations with North Viet-


1 Early life and education namese snipers
Hathcock was born in Little Rock, Arkansas on May 20, The North Vietnamese Army placed a bounty of
1942. He grew up in rural Arkansas, living with his US$30,000 on Hathcocks life for killing so many of their
grandmother after his parents separated. While visiting men. Rewards put on U.S. snipers by the NVA typically
relatives in Mississippi, he took to shooting and hunting ranged from $8 to $2,000. Hathcock held the record
at an early age, partly out of necessity to help feed his for highest bounty and killed every known Vietnamese
poor family. He would go into the woods with his dog marksman who sought him to collect it.[6] The Viet Cong
and pretend to be a soldier and hunt imaginary Japanese and NVA called Hathcock Du kch Lng Trng, trans-
with the old Mauser his father brought back from World lated as White Feather Sniper, because of the white
War I. He hunted at that early age with a .22-caliber J. feather he kept in a band on his bush hat.[7][8][9] After
C. Higgins single-shot rie. Hathcock dreamed of being a platoon of Vietnamese snipers was sent to hunt down
a Marine throughout his childhood, and so on May 20, White Feather, many Marines in the same area donned
1959, at the age of 17, he enlisted in the U.S. Marine white feathers to deceive the enemy. These Marines were
Corps.[2] Hathcock married Jo Winstead on the date of aware of the impact Hathcocks death would have and
the Marine Corps birthday, on November 10, 1962.[2] Jo took it upon themselves to make themselves targets in or-
gave birth to a son, whom they named Carlos Norman der to confuse the counter-snipers.[10]
Hathcock III.
One of Hathcocks most famous accomplishments was
shooting an enemy sniper through the enemys own rie
scope, hitting him in the eye and killing him.[11][12][13][14]
2 Career Hathcock and John Roland Burke, his spotter, were stalk-
ing the enemy sniper in the jungle near Hill 55, the
Before deploying to Vietnam, Hathcock had won shoot- rebase from which Hathcock was operating, southwest
ing championships, including matches at Camp Perry and of Da Nang. The sniper, known only as the Cobra,
the Wimbledon Cup. In 1966, Hathcock started his de- had already killed several Marines and was believed to
ployment in Vietnam as a military policeman and later be- have been sent specically to kill Hathcock.[10] When
came a sniper after Captain Edward James Land pushed Hathcock saw a ash of light (light reecting o the en-
the Marines into raising snipers in every platoon. Land emy snipers scope) in the bushes, he red at it, shooting
later recruited Marines who had set their own records in through the scope and killing the sniper. Surveying the
sharpshooting; he quickly found Hathcock, who had won situation, Hathcock concluded that the only feasible way
the Wimbledon Cup, the most prestigious prize for long- he could have put the bullet straight down the enemys
range shooting, at Camp Perry in 1965.[3] scope, through his eye, would have been if both snipers
were zeroing in on each other at the same time, which
gave him only a few seconds to act, and Hathcock red
2.1 Conrmed kills rst.[10] Given the ight time of rounds at long ranges, the
snipers could have simultaneously killed one another.[15]
During the Vietnam War, Hathcock had 93 con- Hathcock took possession of the dead snipers rie, hop-
rmed kills of North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong ing to bring it home as a trophy, but after he turned it

1
2 4 AWARDS AND DECORATIONS

in and tagged it, it was stolen from the armory.[16] eligible for regular retirement pay, he received a perma-
A female Viet Cong sniper, platoon commander and in- nent disability separation. Being medically discharged,
terrogator known as Apache because of her methods he received 100 percent disability pay.[33] He would have
of torturing U.S. Marines and South Vietnamese Army received only 50 percent of his nal pay grade had he
(SVA/ARVN) troops and letting them bleed to death, was retired after 20 years. He fell into a state of depression
killed by Hathcock. This was a major morale victory as when he was forced out of the Marines, because he felt as
Apache was terrorizing the troops around Hill 55.[17] if the service had kicked him out. During this depression,
his wife Jo nearly left him but decided to stay. Hathcock
Hathcock only once removed the white feather from his eventually picked up the hobby of shark shing, which
bush hat while deployed in Vietnam.[18] During a vol- helped him overcome his depression.[34]
unteer mission days before the end of his rst deploy-
ment, he crawled over 1,500 yards of eld to shoot a Hathcock provided sniper instruction to police depart-
high-ranking NVA ocer.[19] He was not informed of the ments and select military units, such as SEAL Team
details of the mission until he accepted it.[15] This eort Six.[35]
took four days and three nights, without sleep, of constant
inch-by-inch crawling.[19] Hathcock said he was almost
stepped on as he lay camouaged with grass and vegeta- 3 Later life and death
tion in a meadow shortly after sunset.[2] At one point he
was nearly bitten by a bamboo viper, but had the presence Hathcock once said that he survived in his work because
of mind to avoid moving and giving up his position.[19] of an ability to get in the bubble, to put himself into
As the ocer exited his encampment, Hathcock red a state of utter, complete, absolute concentration, rst
a single shot that struck the ocer in the chest, killing with his equipment, then his environment, in which ev-
him.[19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30] ery breeze and every leaf meant something, and nally
After the arduous mission of killing the NVA ocer, on his quarry.[36] After the war, a friend showed Hath-
Hathcock returned to the United States in 1967.[15][19] cock a passage written by Ernest Hemingway: Certainly
He missed the Marine Corps, however, and returned to there is no hunting like the hunting of man, and those who
Vietnam in 1969, where he took command of a platoon have hunted armed men long enough and like it, never re-
of snipers.[10] ally care for anything else thereafter. He copied Hem-
ingways words on a piece of paper. He got that right,
Hathcock said. It was the hunt, not the killing.[18] Hath-
cock said in a book written about his career as a sniper:
2.3 Medical evacuation
I like shooting, and I love hunting. But I never did enjoy
killing anybody. Its my job. If I don't get those bastards,
On September 16, 1969, Hathcocks career as a sniper
then they're gonna kill a lot of these kids dressed up like
came to a sudden end along Route 1, north of LZ Baldy,
Marines. Thats the way I look at it.[37]
when an AMTRAC he was riding on, an LVT-5, struck
an anti-tank mine. Hathcock pulled seven Marines from Hathcocks son, Carlos Hathcock III, later enlisted in the
the ame-engulfed vehicle, suering severe burns (some U.S. Marine Corps;[38] he retired from the Marine Corps
were third-degree) to his face, trunk, arms and legs, be- as a Gunnery Sergeant after following in his fathers foot-
fore jumping to safety. While recovering, Hathcock re- steps as a shooter and became a member of the Board of
ceived the Purple Heart. Nearly 30 years later, he re- Governors of the Marine Corps Distinguished Shooters
ceived a Silver Star for this action.[10][31][32] All eight in- Association.[39]
jured Marines were evacuated by helicopter to hospital Hathcock died on February 22, 1999, in Virginia Beach,
ship USS Repose (AH-16), then to a Naval Hospital in Virginia, from complications resulting from multiple
Tokyo, and ultimately to the burn center at Brooke Army sclerosis.[40]
Medical Center in San Antonio, Texas.

4 Awards and decorations


2.4 After the Vietnam War
Silver Star. Hathcock was awarded a Silver
After returning to active duty, Hathcock helped estab-
Star in 1996 not for his sniping, but for his act in
lish the Marine Corps Scout Sniper School, at the Marine
1969 of saving the lives of seven fellow Marines af-
base in Quantico, Virginia. Due to his extreme injuries
ter the amphibious tractor (AMTRAC), an LVT-5,
suered in Vietnam, he was in nearly constant pain, but
on which they were riding struck a landmine. Hath-
he continued to dedicate himself to teaching snipers. In
cock was knocked unconscious, but awoke in time
1975, Hathcocks health began to deteriorate, and he was
to wade through the ames to rescue his injured
diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. He stayed in the Ma-
comrades.[41]
rine Corps, but his health continued to decline. And, just
55 days short of the 20 years that would have made him Purple Heart
5.1 Books 3

Navy Commendation Medal On March 9, 2007, the rie and pistol complex at Marine
Corps Air Station Miramar was ocially renamed the
Achievement Medal Carlos Hathcock Range Complex.[49]
Good Conduct Medal
National Defense Service Medal 5.1 Books
Vietnam Service Medal
Hathcock is the subject of a number of books including:
Gallantry Cross
Vietnam Campaign Medal Henderson, Charles (1986). Marine Sniper: 93 Con-
rmed Kills (1986 ed.). Stein and Day. ISBN 0-
8128-3055-5. - Total pages 274
5 Legacy
Henderson, Charles. Marine Sniper: 93 Conrmed
Hathcock remains a legend in the U.S. Marine Corps. Kills (1986); reissued as a paperback in 1988 ISBN 0-
The Gunnery Sergeant Carlos Hathcock Award is pre- 425-10355-2. OCLC 45427612. - Total pages: 315
sented annually by the National Defense Industrial As-
sociation to recognize an individual who ... has made Sasser, Charles; Roberts, Craig (1990). One Shot,
signicant contributions in operational employment and One Kill (1990 ed.). Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0-
tactics of small arms weapons systems which have im- 671-68219-4. - Total pages: 288
pacted the readiness and capabilities of the U.S. mili-
tary or law enforcement.[42] The Marine Corps League Chandler, Roy F. (1997). White feather: Carlos
(MCL) sponsors an annual program with 12 award cat- Hathcock USMC scout sniper: an authorized bio-
egories, which includes the Gunnery Sergeant Carlos N. graphical memoir (1997 ed.). Iron Brigade Armory
Hathcock II Award presented to an enlisted Marine who Publishing. ISBN 978-1-885633-09-5. - Total pages:
has made an outstanding contribution to the improvement 277
of marksmanship training.[43][44] A sniper range named
for Hathcock is at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Henderson, Charles (2001). Marine Sniper: 93 Con-
rmed Kills (2001 ed.). Berkley Books. ISBN 978-
In 1967, Hathcock set the record for the longest sniper
0-425-18165-2. - Total pages: 315
kill. He used an M2 .50 Cal Browning machine gun
mounted with a telescopic sight at a range of 2,500 yd
(2,286 m), killing a Vietcong guerrilla.[45] In 2002, this Henderson, Charles W. (2003). Silent Warrior
record was broken by Canadian snipers (Rob Furlong (2003 ed.). Berkley Books. ISBN 978-0-425-
and Arron Perry) from the third battalion of Princess 18864-4. - Total pages: 336
Patricias Canadian Light Infantry during the War in
Afghanistan. Hathcock was one of several individuals to
utilize the M2 Browning machine gun in the sniping role. 6 Weaponry
This success led to the adoption of the .50 BMG cartridge
as a viable sniper round. Sniper ries have since been
designed around and chambered in this caliber since the Hathcock generally used the standard sniper rie: the
1970s. The Canadian Forces snipers also used the .50 Winchester Model 70 .30-06 caliber rie with the stan-
BMG round in their record-breaking shots. Rob Furlong dard 8-power Unertl scope. On some occasions, however,
held the record of longest kill shot recorded in history un- he used a dierent weapon: the M2 Browning machine
til November 2009, when his record of 2,430 m (2,657 gun, on which he mounted a 10X Unertl scope, using a
yd) was beaten by British CoH (Corporal of Horse) of the bracket of his own design. Hathcock made a number of
Household Cavalry of the British Army Craig Harrison, kills with this weapon in excess of 1,000 yards, including
who set a new record by shooting two Taliban ghters at his record for the longest conrmed kill at 2,500 yards
2,475 m (2,707 yd).[46] (since surpassed).[50] Hathcock carried a Colt M1911A1
pistol as a sidearm.[17]
Springeld Armory designed a highly accurized version
of their M1A Supermatch rie with a McMillan Stock
and match grade barrel and dubbed it the M-25 White
Feather. The rie had a likeness of Hathcocks signature 7 In popular culture
and his white feather logo marked on the receiver.[47]
Turner Saddlery similarly honored Hathcock by produc- Hathcocks career as a sniper has been used as a basis for
ing a line of leather rie slings based on his design. The a variety of ctional snipers, from the shooting through
slings are embossed with Hathcocks signature.[48] the scope incident to the number of kills he made.
4 8 SEE ALSO

7.1 Film (November 29, 2006) featured the test: Can a bul-
let travel through a snipers scope and kill him?".
In Saving Private Ryan (1998), Private Daniel Jack- Using a police industry standard SWAT sniper rie
son (Barry Pepper) shoots a German sniper through and standard police match ammunition, the Myth-
the latters rie scope, giving a nod to Carlos Hath- Busters red several shots at a scoped rie mounted
cock. on a ballistics gel dummy. The bullet was unable to
hit the dummy: it was either stopped or deected
The movie Sniper (1993), featuring actor Tom by the multiple layers of lenses in the scope, leav-
Berenger, is loosely based on some of Hathcocks ing the dummy relatively unharmed. Without any
exploits in Vietnam.[51] clear evidence that a bullet can penetrate a sniper
scope, the MythBusters decided to label the myth as
The H2 documentary, Sniper: Inside the Crosshairs
"busted".[56] But, due to much debate by viewers, it
(March 10, 2015), depicted a sniper team that suc-
was revisited in episode 75. Using a period-accurate
cessfully reenacted the through the scope shot.
scope (this story originates from reports of Carlos
Hathcock in the Vietnam War, and the scope used
7.2 Literature by Hathcocks opponent did not have the numerous
internal optical elements of the scopes tested), it was
The protagonist of Stephen Hunter's Bob Lee Swag- found to be plausible.[57]
ger thriller series, comprising the novels Point of Im- Hathcock was mentioned in the NCIS episode "One
pact (1993), Black Light, Time to Hunt (1999), and I, Shot, One Kill", when a white feather was found at
Sniper (2009), is loosely based on Carlos Hathcock two crime scenes where the victims were shot and
(Hathcock is alluded to in the book as Gunny Sgt killed by a sniper. The series protagonist, Special
Carl Hitchcock).[52][53] Agent Leroy Jethro Gibbs, a former Marine scout
sniper, realized the signicance of the feather as
the perpetrators calling card, referencing Hath-
7.3 Television cocks nickname during the Vietnam War (White
Feather Sniper). He credits Hathcock with 39
In the fourth episode of the rst season of the CBS
conrmed kills, apparently having transposed the
show Criminal Minds: Suspect Behavior, the crimi-
digits of Hathcocks actual 93 conrmed kills.[58]
nal being chased by the Behavioral Analysis Unit's
red cell team is a long-distance sniper killer, played Hathcocks duel with Cobra was mentioned in the
by Noel Fisher. Fisher sends Mick Rawson (played History Channel Sniper - Inside The Crosshairs in
by Matt Ryan) of the BAU team a package contain- 2016. As in Mythbusters, this show also tested
ing a pager which he uses to notify Rawson of his the question of whether shooting counter-sniping a
next kills; he signs the package Carlos Hathcock, sniper through the telescope was possible and came
which Rawson explains by sharing the tale of Hath- to the conclusion that it is highly plausible after four
cocks 93 kills and an incident during the Vietnam shots by a modern marine sniper.[59]
War in which he was put up against the best sniper
of the NVA, known only as Cobra (thus mimick-
ing the incident, since Rawson is also a skilled sniper 8 See also
shooter).[54]

In JAG, Season 1, Episode 15 (High Ground), Jack Coughlin, a retired Marine sniper with over 60
Gunnery Sergeant Ray Crockett (portrayed by conrmed kills whose service includes Iraq and So-
Stephen McHattie) is based on Hathcock. Crock- malia
ett is a sniper instructor at Quantico, Virginia, who Eric R. England, holds the second highest number
believes he is being forced out of the service short of conrmed kills (98) for any United States Marine
of his retirement. He makes the statement that he Corps sniper
wrote most of the book on sniper operations. The
character Rabb refers to an incident wherein Crock- Chris Kyle, a Navy SEAL who holds the current
ett pinned down an NVA unit by killing their ocer record for the most conrmed kills in American mil-
with the rst shot. In Beirut, Crockett used a Brown- itary history, with 160 kills in the Iraq War
ing .50 to take down an enemy sniper at about 2,500
List of historically notable United States Marines
meters. Lastly, Gunny Crockett is a winner of The
Wimbledon Cup.[55] Longest recorded sniper kills
The Discovery Channel series MythBusters tested Chuck Mawhinney, who holds the highest number
the question of shooting another sniper through the of conrmed kills (103) for any United States Ma-
telescope. Episode 67, entitled "Firearms Folklore" rine Corps sniper in history
5

Adelbert Waldron, who held the record for the most [13] Riegert, Keith; Kaplan, Samuel (June 25, 2013). The
conrmed kills in American military history, with MANual: Trivia. Testosterone. Tales of Badassery. Raw
109 kills in Vietnam Meat. Fine Whiskey. Cold Truth. Ulysses Press. p.
7. ISBN 978-1-61243-183-3. Unfortunately for the guy
behind the scope, Hathcocks shot was clean and true
perfectly passing through the glass scope
9 References
[14] Sasser, Charles W.; Roberts, Craig (April 1, 1990).
[1] van Zwoll, Wayne (December 6, 2013). Mastering the Art Their Mission: One Shot One Kill. One Shot One Kill.
of Long-Range Shooting. Iola, Wisconsin: F+W Media. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-4391-
p. 214. ISBN 978-1-4402-3485-9. Hathcock was called 3712-3. Both lenses of the enemys sniper scope, front and
Long Trang by the NVA:"White Feather back, were shattered. It was obvious what happened. My
bullet smashed through his scope and into his right eye.
[2] Henderson 2001, p. 29
[15] Dockery 2007, pp. 150153
[3] NRA.org/NRA National Shooting Program/ NRA Na-
tional Trophies/Wimbledon Cup [16] Henderson 2003, p. 167
[4] Kennedy, Harold (March 2003). Marine Corps Sets
[17] Roberts 2004, p. 56
Sights on More Precise Shooting. National Defense
Magazine. Archived from the original on January 30,
[18] Henderson 2003, p. 35
2007. Retrieved 2007-03-30. Founded in 1977, the
schools rst sta NCOIC was the famed sniper, Gunnery [19] Sasser & Roberts 1990, p. 208
Sgt. Carlos Hathcock II, who was credited with 93 con-
rmed kills in Vietnam. [20] Brookesmith, Peter (2007). Sniper, 2nd Edition: Training,
[5] Flores, John. The Story of Legendary Sniper Carlos Techniques and Weapons. St. Martins Press. pp. 4041.
Hathcock. Retrieved September 19, 2013. ISBN 978-0-312-36290-4. Retrieved August 9, 2013.

[6] Sniper Ries. GlobalSecurity. Retrieved 2008-03-24. [21] Dockery, Kevin (2007). Into a new century. Stalkers
and Shooters: A History of Snipers. Penguin Group US.
[7] Dockery, Kevin (July 3, 2007). Stalkers and Shooters: A p. 156. ISBN 978-1-4406-2890-0. Retrieved August 9,
History of Snipers. New York: Penguin Group US. p. 148. 2013.
ISBN 978-1-4406-2890-0. Hathcock had taken to wear-
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[26] Dougherty, Martin J. (2012). Carlos Hathcock. SAS
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D'Orso, Mike (March 22, 1987). The Sniper. The
[43] 2015 Marine Corps League Enlisted Awards Announce- Virginian-Pilot, Norfolk, VA. (Reprinted January
ment. Ocial U.S. Marine Corps Website. July 21, 2015. 30, 2015, as Virginia Beachs Legendary Sniper
Archived from the original on September 28, 2015. Re- Carlos Hathcock. The Virginian-Pilot, Norfolk,
trieved October 4, 2015. VA.)
7

10 Further reading
Chandler, Roy F. (1997). White feather: Carlos
Hathcock USMC scout sniper: an authorized bio-
graphical memoir (1997 ed.). Iron Brigade Armory
Publishing. ISBN 978-1-885633-09-5.
Dockery, Kevin (2007). Stalkers and Shooters: A
History of Snipers. Penguin. pp. 150153. ISBN
978-0-425-21542-5.
Dougan, Andy (2006). Through the Crosshairs: A
History of Snipers (2006 ed.). Da Capo Press. ISBN
978-0-7867-1773-6.

Henderson, Charles W. (2003). Silent Warrior


(2003 ed.). Berkley Books. ISBN 978-0-425-
18864-4.
Mann, Don (2011). Inside SEAL Team Six: My Life
and Missions with Americas Elite Warriors. Little,
Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-20429-3.

Sasser, Charles; Roberts, Craig (1990). One Shot,


One Kill (1990 ed.). Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0-
671-68219-4.
Roberts, Craig; Sasser, Charles W. (2004).
Crosshairs on the Kill Zone: American Combat
Snipers, Vietnam Through Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4165-0362-0.
Senich, Peter R. (1996). The one-round war: USMC
scout-snipers in Vietnam (1996 ed.). Paladin Press.
ISBN 978-0-87364-867-7.

11 External links
Marine Corps Sniper Carlos N. Hathcock, Marine
Corps Heroes.
Carlos Hathcock, Sniper Central.

Vietnam: NVA General Sniper Takeout documen-


tary by The History Channel.
8 12 TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

12 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses


12.1 Text
Carlos Hathcock Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Hathcock?oldid=775736418 Contributors: XJaM, Zippy, Stevertigo, Jen-
god, Dale Arnett, Donreed, Ppe42, DHN, Demerzel~enwiki, Kent Wang, Benji Franklyn, DocWatson42, TDC, FrYGuY, Mbover-
load, Timbatron, Antdude, Ray Trygstad, Formeruser-81, Antandrus, Necrothesp, Marine 69-71, Klemen Kocjancic, Epimetreus, D6,
N328KF, Discospinster, Bri, Bender235, Ground, CDN99, Smalljim, Tronno, Beaverfever, Kingsindian, Alansohn, Sherurcij, Patrick-
Fisher, Bbsrock, Jwinius, RainbowOfLight, Kevinskogg, Dan100, Woohookitty, PoccilScript, Tabletop, GregorB, Fxer, Zhen-Xjell, Man-
darax, Rjwilmsi, Kristjan Wager, DDerby, Ysangkok, Mstroeck, Tphcm, Scoops, Enigmatick, Grakm fr, MSJapan, EEMIV, Shotgunlee,
Ajarmst, Capt Jim, Maximusveritas, Syd Midnight, Ray Yallop, Jhamner, Windyjarhead, Johnpseudo, DisambigBot, Jonathan.s.kt, Nick-D,
Algae, Mix321, SmackBot, Looper5920, EvilCouch, Deon Steyn, Gar2chan, Zyxw, Galloglass, Airsoft200516, ERcheck, Averisk, Bluebot,
Jprg1966, Robocoder, Moshe Constantine Hassan Al-Silverburg, Rlevse, Yaf, Can't sleep, clown will eat me, Sniggity, Jwillbur, Doug123w,
OrphanBot, Seduisant, FrankWilliams, MCoca, Batman2005, Ohconfucius, Swatjester, Harryboyles, Rklawton, LWF, HashiriyaGDB, Ed-
ward Morgan Blake, Mgiganteus1, Ben Jos, Ocatecir, Jfoldmei, Nobunaga24, Vape, EdC~enwiki, Pseudoanonymous, Clarityend, East-
law, Jbramley, Zotdragon, CmdrObot, Wafulz, Mbrooksay, Xxovercastxx, Cydebot, Hydraton31, Rieman 82, AtTheAbyss, MWaller,
Robomaf, Trident13, DumbBOT, DiScOrD tHe LuNaTiC, MaaCapo, Usnerd, Signify, Jmg38, Deathbunny, Esemono, JustAGal, Escar-
bot, Seaphoto, QuiteUnusual, F-451, Trjames, Dvandersluis, Wikipooh, MECU, JAnDbot, NapoliRoma, Aderksen, Mark Shaw, Albany
NY, Parsecboy, VoABot II, Carom, CameronB, Froid, Jessicapierce, Jrb416, Mike Searson, Canyouhearmenow, JefeMixtli, Popsicle805,
TurMoiL911, Theprowier, MartinBot, Arjun01, ColorOfSuering, CommonsDelinker, Kguirnela, Jarhed, J.delanoy, Rjransijn, Spec ops
commando, Cobysev, BrokenSphere, Veriss1, Tidywave, GhostPirate, Fateddy, Halofanatic333, Themoodyblue, Ickle Ronnie, Jameson-
tai, WinterSpw, Vkt183, Xiahou, Thismightbezach, VolkovBot, Bestproofreader, TXiKiBoT, Oshwah, Xenophrenic, Burpen, AstroWiki,
Keddie, Rourin bushi, Ask123, Minusf, Raryel, Rdfox 76, Francis Flinch, Bahamut0013, Root Beers, Romanator14, Pburk, Demize, Mas-
terburrfoot, Crserrano, Jmowreader, Jauerback, Smsarmad, Jojalozzo, Jc-S0CO, Kumioko (renamed), Janggeom, Hamiltondaniel, Clue-
Bot, HOUNDDAWG, EoGuy, Drmies, TAZ44, Albaalbaalba, P. S. Burton, Laurapalmersdead, Draggleduck, Staygyro, Ritterrat, Yonskii,
Charliecow7, Berean Hunter, Editor2020, DumZiBoT, XLinkBot, Fastily, Subversive.sound, Nukes4Tots, Killkola, SJSA, Dave1185, Ad-
dbot, JBsupreme, Yorokue, M1S90, Repdetect117, Favonian, Tassedethe, Lightbot, Yobot, Dodgerblue777, Donfbreed, AnomieBOT,
Noveske, Jim1138, Ulric1313, Materialscientist, 71ss454, OllieFury, BigFD, Amendola90, FrescoBot, Jmudge, Jollyroger131, Cruick-
shanks, HRoestBot, Literarygenious, Sydtrolls, Lotje, Overjive, Tbhotch, Keegscee, RjwilmsiBot, VernoWhitney, Mztourist, Oliverlyc,
Faceless Enemy, Illegitimate Barrister, H3llBot, Tolly4bolly, Arukudyjo, JRK0817, Thewolfchild, Rsoxfan27, ChuispastonBot, ClueBot
NG, TucsonDavid, MelbourneStar, Jdperkins, Widr, Writerchic99, Helpful Pixie Bot, BG19bot, Student60, MecaTron101, MusikAni-
mal, nography, Bonehunter666, Elisfkc, Dainomite, Christyahrens77, Camaroburnout, Winston Chuen-Shih Yang, Privatesteverogers,
Wademcqueen55, ZappaOMati, Quantbohr, Kanghuitari, DRNurse1, Glasses1956, FoCuSandLeArN, VIAFbot, SamSennett, TeriEmbrey,
Hpskiii, MarchOrDie, Donfbreed2, Jodosma, EvergreenFir, ArmbrustBot, Leoesb1032, Deltair The Warrior, Kennethaw88, John Simp-
son54, Villanator, Monkbot, Sonic5421, Fbruno777, Barnwellje, LJS981, Mdorsonic, KasparBot, SPORTnrden, Qzd, The Rambling
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