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CORPORATE TRAINING DEPARTMENT

CORPORATE TRAINING DEPARTMENT API682 Flushing & Quenching Plan

API682 Flushing & Quenching Plan

CORPORATE TRAINING DEPARTMENT API682 Flushing & Quenching Plan
CORPORATE TRAINING DEPARTMENT API682 Flushing & Quenching Plan
CORPORATE TRAINING DEPARTMENT API682 Flushing & Quenching Plan

API Circulation Plans

API Circulation Plans Seal faces generate heat and require cooling & lubrication while sealing. These plans/systems

Seal faces generate heat and require cooling & lubrication while sealing.

These plans/systems are used to dissipate this generated heat and lubricate the seal faces thus extending the seal life.

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1st. July

Flushing

Flushing In flushing, fluid is introduced into the seal chamber on the process fluid side in

In flushing, fluid is introduced into the seal chamber on the process fluid side in close proximity to the seal faces and typically used for cooling & lubricating the seal faces.

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3

Flushing

Benefits:

Flushing Benefits: Removal of heat generated between the seal faces - Cooling. Provide lubrication. Increase margin

Removal of heat generated between the seal faces - Cooling.

Provide lubrication.

Increase margin between the vapour pressure of the fluid and seal chamber pressure.

Keeps the liquid inside the seal chamber in constant circulation.

Prevents abrasive particles from reaching the seal faces with external liquid injection.

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Quenching

Quenching A neutral fluid, usually water, st eam or nitrogen, introduced on the atmospheric side of

A neutral fluid, usually water, steam or nitrogen, introduced on the atmospheric side of the seal to create a buffer between the seal and the atmosphere for:

Absorption or removal of leakage by quench fluid. Monitoring of the leakage by measurement Lubrication and cooling of secondary seal Exclusion of air Protection against dry running Stabilisation of lubricating film Heating Icing protection

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API Circulation Plans

API Circulation Plans ☺ In short it is imperative that we should always provide a “

In short it is imperative that we should always provide a A suitable API Plan” with a good support system to enhance the “Seal Performance” and extend “Seal Life".

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API Plans Why API Plans?

API Plans Why API Plans? A significant number of the seal failur es are attributed to

A significant number of the seal failures are attributed to “unsuitable seal environment”. The environment in which the seal operates largely determines the performance and the life of the mechanical seal.

API plans / systems / accessories are hence rightly called the “support systems” as they support the seal to ensure a longer life.

Seal support systems are a combination of one or more instrument (s)/ piping / device (s) that ensure that the mechanical seal gets a continuous desired flow of flush fluid. It serves the function of removing heat from the seal area and lubrication the seal faces.

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1st. July

API Plans

API Plans What are the different types of support plans & systems? Seal support plans /

What are the different types of support plans & systems?

Seal support plans / systems are broadly divided into two types :– Flushing Plan and Quenching Plan Flush plans are defined as the sealing support systems which provide flush fluid to the mechanical seal inside the seal chamber and directly affect the lubrication, heat dissipation and longevity of the seal. Quench plans on the other hand are support systems that are provided on the atmospheric side of the seal. Quench plans do multiple functions including indirect heat removal, cleaning up the debris from under the faces, maintaining a liquid barrier between atmosphere and the seal faces etc. Flush plans are further divided into several categories like Single seal plans, dual seal plans, gas seal plans etc.

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1st. July

API Plans

API Plans The API 610 & the API 682 standards recommend seal flush plans and se

The API 610 & the API 682 standards recommend seal flush plans and seal quench plans to be used for the single as well as dual mechanical seals for pumps.

All of the API plans are two digit numbers. (sometimes followed by an alphabet)

This simple guideline can be used to identify or remember the type of the flush plan

First digit logic for all seals:

0

2

3

4

5

6

7

No piping

Cooler

Dirty fluids

Dirty hot fluids

Liquid barrier or buffer

Quench fluid

Gas barrier or buffer

Liquid barrier or buffer Quench fluid Gas barrier or buffer 5 5 2 2 Second digit

5

5

2

2

Second digit logic for double seals:

2 Dual un-pressurized seals

3 Dual pressurized seals

4 External barrier fluid

5 Condensing leakages

6 Non-condensing leakages

fluid 5 Condensing leakages 6 Non-condensing leakages Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by :

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API Plans Overview

API Plans Overview Plan Service Description 01 02 11 12 13 14 21 22 23 31

Plan

Service

Description

01

02

11

12

13

14

21

22

23

31

32

41

Use for clean Media

Flushing on Product side

Use for fluids

containing Solids

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API Plans Overview

API Plans Overview Plan Service Description 51 Use for fluids containing Solids Quench, pressure less

Plan

Service

Description

51

Use for fluids containing Solids

Quench, pressure less Circulation

52

 

53A

 

53B

Pressurised Reservoir Pressurised System

53C

Use for dangerous fluids

54

 

61

 

Flushing on atmospheric side

62

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API Plans Overview

API Plans Overview Plan Service Description 71 Tapped connections for customer use 72 Use for gaseous
Plan Service Description 71 Tapped connections for customer use 72 Use for gaseous media External
Plan
Service
Description
71
Tapped connections for
customer use
72
Use for gaseous
media
External supplied pressure-
less gas connection
Use for liquid /
External supplied barrier
gas connection
74
degassed or
gaseous media
75
which could containing
solids
Containment seal for
condensing leakage
76
or is dangerous
Containment seal for
non-condensing leakage

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API Plans

API Plans Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy API-Plan 01 - Internal
API Plans Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy API-Plan 01 - Internal

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API-Plan 01

EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy API-Plan 01 - Internal circulation from pump discharge to

- Internal circulation from pump discharge to seal chamber

Use:

For clean media in general service

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1st. July

Plan 01

Plan 01 Integral (internal) re circulation is from discharge to seal. A connection is made from

Integral (internal) re circulation is from discharge to seal. A connection is made from an area behind the impeller, near discharge to seal chamber. Recommended for clean fluids.

Plan 01 (if possible to provide in the stuffing box) is superior to Plan11 for the liquids, which may become viscous or freeze at lower temperature. This minimizes the risk of freezing of the fluids in the piping.

Disadvantage - No control on the flush flow rate and direction.

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Plan 02

Plan 02 Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy © EagleBurgmann 2010 1st.
Plan 02 Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy © EagleBurgmann 2010 1st.

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Plan 02

Plan 02 The seal chamber / stuffing box is dead-ended (with no circulation of fluid). This

The seal chamber / stuffing box is dead-ended (with no circulation of fluid).

This plan is preferred plan for the clean and relatively cool liquids having sufficient (at-least 1 kg/cm2) margin between vapour pressure and stuffing box pressure.

Care should be taken to vent the stuffing box properly. One 5 mm diameter hole at the topmost position of the throat should be provided for venting purpose.

Depending on the requirement cooling or heating is provided in the stuffing box jacket.

For liquids at self ignition temperature API Plan 02 is not recommended.

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Plan 11

Plan 11 Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India EagleBurgmann Product : SP24 Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy
Plan 11 Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India EagleBurgmann Product : SP24 Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

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EagleBurgmann Product: SP24

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Orifice

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Plan 11

Plan 11 A line with flow control orifice is connected from the discharge side of the

A line with flow control orifice is connected from the discharge side of the pump into the gland flush connection. It is default seal flush plan.

Orifice must be sized properly.

Minimum orifice size recommended is 3 mm. For larger pressure drop multiple orifice is recommended instead of reducing the size of orifice.

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API Plans

API Plans BURGMANN Product: SP24 Orifice SP18 Strainer Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by
API Plans BURGMANN Product: SP24 Orifice SP18 Strainer Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by

BURGMANN Product:

SP24

Orifice

SP18

Strainer

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

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Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy API-Plan 12 - Seal flush for single

API-Plan 12

- Seal flush for single seals

- Product flow from discharge to seal chamber through

- Orifice for flow restriction

- strainer

Use:

for clean media in general service

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1st. July

Plan 13

Plan 13 Horizontal Pump Orifice From Seal Suction Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by :
Horizontal Pump Orifice From Seal Suction Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit
Horizontal Pump
Orifice
From Seal
Suction
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Plan 13

From Seal Orifice
From Seal
Orifice

Suction

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Vertical Pump

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1st. July

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Vertical Pump © EagleBurgmann 2010 1st.

Plan 13

Plan 13 A line is connected from the gland, through a flow control orifice, to the

A line is connected from the gland, through a flow control orifice, to the suction piping. It is standard flush plan for vertical pumps where stuffing box pressure is equal to discharge pressure.

Whenever stuffing box pressure is more than suction pressure, API PLAN 13 is better than API PLAN 11.

In this plan liquid moves away from the seal face instead of impinging on to it ( API Plan 11) and the stuffing box pressure reduces making the seal more comfortable.

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Plan 14 Media from discharge to seal chamber thru orifice Media from seal chamber To

Plan 14

Media from discharge to seal chamber thru orifice
Media from discharge
to seal chamber
thru orifice
Plan 14 Media from discharge to seal chamber thru orifice Media from seal chamber To suction

Media from seal chamber To suction thru orifice

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Plan 14

Plan 14 It is combination of Plan 11 and Plan13.It is mostly used for vertical pumps

It is combination of Plan 11 and Plan13.It is mostly used for vertical pumps handling volatile liquids.

In Plan 13 because of throat bush, pressure in the seal area may drop and liquid may vaporise. Plan 11 provides cool fluid to the seal area whereas Plan 13 provides complete venting in the seal area.

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Plan 21 EagleBurgmann Product : WDK / WED / WE / WEL Heat exchangers Corporate

Plan 21

Plan 21 EagleBurgmann Product : WDK / WED / WE / WEL Heat exchangers Corporate Training

EagleBurgmann Product: WDK / WED / WE / WEL Heat exchangers

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Plan 21

Plan 21 A line with orifice is connected from the discharge side of the pump through

A line with orifice is connected from the discharge side of the pump through a flow control orifice and cooler into the seal chamber.

It provides cool flush to the seal. This plan is the best for liquids at self ignition temperature. In the event of seal leakage, cool liquid will continue to reach seal faces as long as the pump is running ,ensuring that hot liquid does not come out.

The disadvantage is that heat loss is more, also cooling water requirement is high.

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API Plans

TI
TI

BURGMANN Product:

WDK / WED / WEL / WE Heat exchanger

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Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy API-Plan 22 - Seal flush for single

API-Plan 22

- Seal flush for single seals

- Product flow from discharge

- to seal chamber through strainer

- Orifice for flow restriction

- Heat exchanger for cooling

Use:

for clean media in hot services

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1st. July

Plan 23

Plan 23 EagleBurgmann Product: WDK / WED / WE / WEL Heat exchangers Recirculation using a
EagleBurgmann Product: WDK / WED / WE / WEL Heat exchangers
EagleBurgmann Product: WDK / WED / WE / WEL Heat exchangers

Recirculation using a pumping screw/ring in the seal chamber through a cooler and back into the seal chamber

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API Flushing Plan 23

Features

API Flushing Plan 23 Features → Product in seal chamber is isolated from pumping area. →

Product in seal chamber is isolated from pumping area.

Seal runs in a media stabilized at a lower temperature.

Increases vapor temperature margin in the seal chamber.

Removes only seal face heat generated and the heat soak from pump area, hence the cooler is smaller as compared to an equivalent plan 21.

Uses a pumping ring for circulation in running condition.

In idle condition, thermo-siphon effect ensures circulation.

Application areas

Most favorable plan for hot hydrocarbons and hot water services above 80 deg C.

Check points

If used for media with high viscosities and higher freezing points, use steam in cooling lines instead of water

Flush outlet from seal chamber should be in the top half of the gland or the seal chamber.

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API Flushing Plan 31

API Flushing Plan 31 Process liquid is re-circulated through a cyclone separator with liquid to the

Process liquid is re-circulated through a cyclone separator with liquid to the seal and send back solids to suction.

with liquid to the seal and send back solids to suction. EBI Product: ZY Cyclone Separators

EBI Product: ZY Cyclone Separators

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API Flushing Plan 31

API Flushing Plan 31 Solid particles are centrifuged through cyclone separator and sent back to suction.

Solid particles are centrifuged through cyclone separator and sent back to suction. Clean liquid goes to seal. The Plan is specified for services containing solids with a specific gravity at least twice that of the process fluid.

Normally cyclone separators do not remove the solids effectively and cause seal failure. Even if the efficiency of cyclone separator is 92%.about 8% of the finer particles reach to the seal faces. The finer particles can enter between the seal faces and cause damage to the seal.

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Cyclone Separator

Cyclone Separator Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy © EagleBurgmann 2010 1st.

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

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Cyclone Separator Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy © EagleBurgmann 2010 1st.
Cyclone Separator Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy © EagleBurgmann 2010 1st.

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1st. July

API Flushing Plan 32

API Flushing Plan 32 Clean flush fluid is injected into the seal chamber from an external

Clean flush fluid is injected into the seal chamber from an external source

PRESSURE STRAINER GAUGE ORIFICE
PRESSURE
STRAINER
GAUGE
ORIFICE

From external flush to Seal

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API Flushing Plan 32

API Flushing Plan 32 Plan 32 is used in services containi ng solids or contaminants, in

Plan 32 is used in services containing solids or contaminants, in which a suitable cleaner or cooler external flush will improve the seal environment.

It is also used to reduce flashing or air intrusion (in vacuum services) across the seal faces by providing a flush that has a lower vapour pressure or that will raise the seal chamber pressure to an acceptable level. The external flush should be continuous and reliable even during non-standard situations such as start-up or shutdown.

The external flush should also be compatible with the process stream because it will flow from the seal chamber into the process fluid.

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API Flushing Plan 32

API Flushing Plan 32 This plan is almost always used in c onjunction with a close-clearance

This plan is almost always used in conjunction with a close-clearance throat bushing. The bushing can function as a throttling device to maintain an elevated pressure in the stuffing box or as a barrier to isolate the pumped product from the seal chamber.

Plan 32 is not recommended for cooling only, as the energy costs can be very high. Product degradation costs should be considered when using a Plan 32.

Pressure of the external flush should always be at least 2 bar above the seal chamber pressure

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API Flushing Plan 41

API Flushing Plan 41 - Seal flush for single seals - Product flow from discharge through
API Flushing Plan 41 - Seal flush for single seals - Product flow from discharge through

- Seal flush for single seals

- Product flow from discharge through cyclone separator and heat exchanger - cooled, clean fluid to seal chamber

- Solids to pump suction line

EBI Product:

ZY Cyclon Separators WDK / WED / WE / WEL Heat exchanger

Use:

Hot services containing solids

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API Circulation Plan 51

Vent

API Circulation Plan 51 Vent LG MAX MIN Plugged EBI Product: QFT Qench fluid vessel Corporate
LG MAX MIN
LG
MAX
MIN
API Circulation Plan 51 Vent LG MAX MIN Plugged EBI Product: QFT Qench fluid vessel Corporate

Plugged

API Circulation Plan 51 Vent LG MAX MIN Plugged EBI Product: QFT Qench fluid vessel Corporate

EBI Product:

QFT Qench fluid vessel

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

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Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy - External reservoir providing - dead end

- External reservoir providing

- dead end quench (typically Methanol )

- Unpressurized vaporizing leakage

- escapes through vent line

- no circulation

Use:

Services where leakage to atmosphere can not be tolerated clean, non- polymerizing products at low temperature

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulation Plans

API Circulation Plans Note on the use of single seals and need for dual seals All

Note on the use of single seals and need for dual seals

All the above mentioned plans are normally used for single seals (though they are used for inboard seals of dual seals also). Single seals are not recommended to be used for media which are toxic, inflammable, hazardous, poisonous etc. For all such applications, dual seals are used. API plans for dual seals start with the digits “5” or “7” Dual seals use either a “buffer” fluid or a “barrier” fluid as a flushing media Buffer fluid is an un-pressurized flush fluid and is used in plans 52 & 72. Barrier fluid is a pressurized flush fluid and is used in plans 53A/B/C, 54 and 74 5” series plans are used for liquid buffer/barrier and “7” series are used for gas buffer/barrier media

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API Circulation Plan 52

API Circulation Plan 52 Vent line Pressure switch Refill connection Level switch Level gauge API seal
Vent line Pressure switch Refill connection Level switch Level gauge
Vent line
Pressure switch
Refill connection
Level switch
Level gauge

API seal configuration 2CW-CW

Pressure gauge

Instrument

Use

LG

Level indication

(mandatory)

PG

Pressure indication

(mandatory)

LSL

To detect leakage from outer seal

(mandatory)

LSH

To detect inner seal leakage (for non-flashing media)

(optional)

PSH

To detect leakage from inner seal (for flashing media)

(mandatory)

HP

To refill buffer fluid in the reservoir

(mandatory)

ROP

To maintain a back pressure in the reservoir

(mandatory)

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API Circulation Plan 52

API Circulation Plan 52 Un-pressurized buffer fluid circulation in the outboard seal of a dual seal

Un-pressurized buffer fluid circulation in the outboard seal of a dual seal configuration through a reservoir. Circulation is maintained by a pumping ring in running condition and thermo siphon in standstill condition

Features

1. The pumped fluid does not get contaminated

2. The pumped media does not leak directly to atmosphere

3. No pressurization required for the reservoir as in case of a plan 53

Application areas

1. For clean, non-polymerizing, flashing services. Can also be used for non-flashing services

2. For services where product dilution is not acceptable

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API Circulation Plan 53A Vent line Refill cum pressurization connection Level switch Level gauge API

API Circulation Plan 53A

Vent line Refill cum pressurization connection Level switch Level gauge
Vent line
Refill cum
pressurization
connection
Level switch
Level gauge

API seal configuration 3CW-FB / 3CW-BB / 3CW-FF

Pressure gauge

Pressure switch

Instrument

Use

LG

Level indication

(mandatory)

PG

Pressure indication

(mandatory)

LSL

To detect leakage into inner as well as from the outer seal

(mandatory)

PSL

To detect leakage into inner as well as from the outer seal

(mandatory)

HP

To refill barrier fluid in the reservoir

(mandatory)

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API Circulation Plan 53A

API Circulation Plan 53A API seal configuration : 3CW-FB / 3CW-BB / 3CW-FF Corporate Training –

API seal configuration : 3CW-FB / 3CW-BB / 3CW-FF

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Instrument

Use

LG

Level indication

(mandatory)

PG

Pressure indication

(mandatory)

LSL

To detect leakage into inner as well as from the outer seal

To detect leakage into inner as well as from the outer seal

To refill barrier fluid in the reservoir

(mandatory)

PSL

(mandatory)

Hand Pump

(mandatory)

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulation Plan 53A

API Circulation Plan 53A Pressurized barrier fluid circulation to the seal chamber through a reservoir. Circulation

Pressurized barrier fluid circulation to the seal chamber through a reservoir. Circulation is maintained by a pumping ring in running condition and thermo siphon in standstill condition

Features

1. The pumped fluid gets contaminated

2. The pumped media never leaks to the atmosphere, unless the pot pressure is lost

3. A nitrogen source is required for pressurization

Application areas

1. For hazardous, toxic, inflammable, bad lubricity media

2. For services where product dilution is acceptable

3. For polymerizing and dirty media where media is unsuitable for flushing the inner seal faces

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1st. July

API Plan 52 & 53A System

API Plan 52 & 53A System Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

52 & 53A System Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy © EagleBurgmann
52 & 53A System Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy © EagleBurgmann

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1st. July

API Circulation Plan 53B

Vent

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Pressure gauge and Pressure switch

Cooler

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

gauge and Pressure switch Cooler Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Pre-charging connection Bladder Accumulator API seal
gauge and Pressure switch Cooler Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Pre-charging connection Bladder Accumulator API seal

Pre-charging connection

Bladder Accumulator

API seal configuration 3CW-FB / 3CW-BB / 3CW-FF

Hand pump

Temperature

gauge

Instrument

Use

PG

Pressure indication

(mandatory)

TG

Temperature

(optional)

indication

PSL

To detect leakage into inner as well as from the outer seal

(mandatory)

Hand Pump

To refill barrier fluid in the accumulator

(mandatory)

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulation Plan 53B

API Circulation Plan 53B API seal configuration 3CW-FB / 3CW-BB / 3CW-FF Instrument Use Pressure indication

API seal configuration 3CW-FB / 3CW-BB / 3CW-FF

Plan 53B API seal configuration 3CW-FB / 3CW-BB / 3CW-FF Instrument Use Pressure indication PG (mandatory)

Instrument

Use

Pressure indication

PG

(mandatory)

TG

Temperature

indication

To detect leakage into inner as well as from the outer seal

To refill barrier fluid in the accumulator

(optional)

PSL

(mandatory)

Hand Pump

(mandatory)

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1st. July

API Circulation Plan 53B

API Circulation Plan 53B Pressurized barrier fluid circulation to the seal chamber through a bladder accumulator.

Pressurized barrier fluid circulation to the seal chamber through a bladder accumulator.

Circulation is maintained by a pumping ring in running condition and thermo siphon in standstill condition. Features

1.

The barrier fluid and Nitrogen are separated by a bladder & hence no chance of N2 mixing with

2.

barrier fluid. The pumped fluid gets contaminated but never leaks to the atmosphere, unless the system

3.

pressure is lost. This is a standalone system and hence much more reliable than plan 53A

4.

Heat is removed with the help of a water or an air cooler.

Application areas

1.

For hazardous, toxic, inflammable, bad lubricity media & for services where product dilution is acceptable.

2.

For polymerizing and dirty media where media is unsuitable for flushing the inner seal faces.

3.

For pressures above 16 bar, at which normally pressure source is not available at sites.

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1st. July

Deatails of Barrier/Buffer Fluid Resrvoir Capacity of reservoirs: - 6 liters 8 liters 12 liters

Deatails of Barrier/Buffer Fluid Resrvoir

Capacity of reservoirs: -

6 liters

8 liters

12 liters

28 liters API 682 & EIL specs

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Why 28 liters

Why 28 liters The API 682 calls for a 20 liters volume of buffer / barrier

The API 682 calls for a 20 liters volume of buffer / barrier liquid at the NLL.

Also it recommends use of a 8” schedule 40 pipe as a minimum.

With this and the dimensions given in the EIL sketch, the reservoir total volume works out to 28 liters and is widely followed by all consultants for refinery jobs.

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Reservoir Design

ASME Section VIII Div. 1

Reservoir Design ASME Section VIII Div. 1 Design pressure 42 kg/cm2(g) or = flange rating of

Design pressure 42 kg/cm2(g) or = flange rating of pump

HT pressure 63 kg/cm2(g)

8” sch 8” sch

8” sch 160 ASME B 16.5 class 900 / 1500 flanges

40 ASME B 16.5 class 80 ASME B 16.5 class

300 flanges 600 flanges

Accordingly, height of the pot increases since with increase in Schedule the ID of pot decreases, OD remains 219 mm only.

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulation Plan 53C Vent Reference pressure line Vent Cooler Pressure gauge and Pressure switch

API Circulation Plan 53C

Vent Reference pressure line Vent Cooler Pressure gauge and Pressure switch Temperature gauge
Vent
Reference pressure line
Vent
Cooler
Pressure gauge
and Pressure
switch
Temperature gauge

API seal configuration 3CW-FB / 3CW-BB / 3CW-FF

Piston Accumulator

Instrument

Use

PG

Pressure indication

(mandatory)

TG

Temperature indication

(optional)

PSL

To detect leakage into inner as well as from the outer seal

(mandatory)

LSL

To detect leakage into inner as well as from the outer seal

(mandatory)

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulation Plan 53C

API Circulation Plan 53C Pressurized barrier fluid circulat ion to the seal chamber through a piston

Pressurized barrier fluid circulation to the seal chamber through a piston type accumulator.

Circulation is maintained by a pumping ring in running condition and thermo siphon in standstill condition. The seal chamber reference pressure is magnified by a defined proportion in the accumulator and this magnified pressure barrier fluid is then circulated through the seal chamber. Features

1.

No Nitrogen is used. Uses seal chamber pressure hence reliable. Thus independent of plant utility.

2.

The pumped fluid gets contaminated but never leaks to the atmosphere, unless the system

3.

pressure is lost This is a standalone system and hence much more reliable than plan 53A

4.

Heat is removed with the help of a water or an air cooler

Application areas

1.

For hazardous, toxic, inflammable, bad lubricity media & for services where product dilution is acceptable

2.

For polymerizing and dirty media where media is unsuitable for flushing the inner seal faces

3.

For applications with varying seal chamber pressures

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

DRU Pressure Booster System

DRU 2063

DRU Pressure Booster System DRU 2063 Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

?

What is that

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

2063 Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy ? What is that ©

Operation of DRU Unit

Operation of DRU Unit Buffer fluid Piston Ratio 1:1.1 or 1:1,5 Cooling Seal Product pressure From
Buffer fluid Piston Ratio 1:1.1 or 1:1,5 Cooling Seal Product pressure From stuffing box Corporate
Buffer fluid
Piston
Ratio 1:1.1
or
1:1,5
Cooling
Seal
Product pressure
From stuffing box
Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India
Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy
© EagleBurgmann 2010
1st. July

Operation of DRU Unit

Operation of DRU Unit Leakage No influence to the Buffer pressure Seal Piston Ratio 1 :

Leakage No influence to the Buffer pressure

Seal
Seal
DRU Unit Leakage No influence to the Buffer pressure Seal Piston Ratio 1 : 1.1 or

Piston

Ratio 1 : 1.1

or

1 : 1,5

When seal leaks, Piston moves up

1 : 1.1 or 1 : 1,5 When seal leaks, Piston moves up Corporate Training –
1 : 1.1 or 1 : 1,5 When seal leaks, Piston moves up Corporate Training –

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Operation of DRU Unit

Operation of DRU Unit Refilling No influence to the Buffer pressure Piston Ratio 1:1.1 or 1:1,5

Refilling No influence to the Buffer pressure

Piston

Ratio 1:1.1

or

1:1,5

to the Buffer pressure Piston Ratio 1:1.1 or 1:1,5 Seal Refill Piston moves down when buffer
Seal
Seal

Refill

Piston moves down when buffer fluid is refilled

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Commonly used Buffer / Barrier Liquid Cooling Water D. M. water 50% Water + 50%

Commonly used Buffer / Barrier Liquid

Cooling Water

D. M. water

50% Water + 50% Ethylene Glycol

Lubricating oils

Thermic fluids

Synthetic oils

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

METHANOL
METHANOL

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

oils Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India METHANOL Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy © EagleBurgmann 2010 1st.

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Levels in API Plans

Levels in API Plans NLL – The normal liquid level. The system maintains this level in

NLL – The normal liquid level. The system maintains this level in the pot during normal operation of the seals.

LLL – The Low liquid level. When the O/B seal in Plan 52 or 53 leaks or the I/B seal in a Plan 53 leaks, the level in the pot drops. The lowest level to which it drops to give an alarm is the LLL.

HLL – The High liquid level. When the I/B seal in Plan 52 leaks, the level in the pot increases. The highest level to which it rises to give an alarm is the HLL.

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Instrument selection based on Vapor Pressure   INSTRUMENTS PARAMETERS LSL LSH PSH V.P. < 1

Instrument selection based on Vapor Pressure

 

INSTRUMENTS

PARAMETERS

LSL

LSH

PSH

V.P. < 1 bar A

 

YY

-

1 bar A < V.P. < Flare back Press. (2.75 bar A max)

 

YYY

 

V.P. > Flare Back Press.

 

Y-Y

 

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Level Instrument

Level Sensing

Level Switches

&

Level transmitters

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Level Indicating

Level Gauges

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Level Indicating Level Gauges © EagleBurgmann 2010

Mounting of Level Switch

Mounting of Level Switch TOP MOUNTED S I D E M O U N T E
Mounting of Level Switch TOP MOUNTED S I D E M O U N T E
Mounting of Level Switch TOP MOUNTED S I D E M O U N T E
Mounting of Level Switch TOP MOUNTED S I D E M O U N T E

TOP MOUNTED

SIDE MOUNTED

SIDE-SIDE MOUNTED

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

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© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Level Transmitter

Displacer Type

Level Transmitter Displacer Type Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Guided Wave

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Guided Wave Radar Type © EagleBurgmann 2010

Guided Wave Radar Type

Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Guided Wave Radar Type © EagleBurgmann 2010

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Weld Pad Level Gauge

Weld Pad Level Gauge Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Is the

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Pad Level Gauge Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Is the most

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Is the most simple & most economical

Is the most simple & most economical version. version.

Is EBIPL standard for TS3 pots.Rayy Is the most simple & most economical version. Is the API 682 recommendation. Is directly

Is the API 682 recommendation.most economical version. Is EBIPL standard for TS3 pots. Is directly welded to vessel. © EagleBurgmann

Is directly welded to vessel.most economical version. Is EBIPL standard for TS3 pots. Is the API 682 recommendation. © EagleBurgmann

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Screwed Connection Level Gauge Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Is

Screwed Connection Level Gauge

Screwed Connection Level Gauge Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Is as

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Is as per EIL standard. .

Has a center to center distance of 470mm.India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Is as per EIL standard . Has visibility of 320/470

Has visibility of 320/470 mm to cover all 3 levels. levels.

Has a vent & a drain connection.a center to center distance of 470mm. Has visibility of 320/470 mm to cover all 3

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Flanged Connection Level Gauge

Flanged Connection Level Gauge HLL NLL LLL Is same as screwed construction but has flanged interface.
HLL NLL LLL
HLL
NLL
LLL

Is same as screwed construction but has flanged interface. flanged interface.

Has a center to center distance of 470mm.Is same as screwed construction but has flanged interface. Has visibility of 320/470 mm to cover

Has visibility of 320/470 mm to cover all 3 levels. levels.

Has a vent & a drain connection.470mm. Has visibility of 320/470 mm to cover all 3 levels. Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Pressure Instruments

Pressure Sensing

Pressure Switches

&

Pressure Transmitters

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Pressure Indicating

Pressure Gauges

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

– EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Pressure Indicating Pressure Gauges © EagleBurgmann 2010 1st.

Pressure switch

Pressure switch Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Is used to sense

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Is used to sense rise (Plan 52)

Is used to sense rise (Plan 52) or drop (Plan 53 & 54) in pressure (Plan 53 & 54) in pressure

For Plan 53 & 54, it is set for loweringsense rise (Plan 52) or drop (Plan 53 & 54) in pressure pressure i.e. PSL. For

pressure i.e. PSL. For Plan 52 generally 3 bar as the flare back pressure never exceeds 2.75 bar For Plan 52 generally 3 bar as the flare back pressure never For Plan 53 & For Plan 52 generally 3 bar as the flare back pressure never For Plan 53 & For Plan 53 & 54, minimum 1 bar above the box pressure so that the media never comes into the pot.

Range is selected such that the pressure to be indicated normally lies in the middle 1/3rd of the range pressure to be indicated normally lies in the middle 1/3rd of the range

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

PRESSURE TRANSMITTERS

PRESSURE TRANSMITTERS Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Now-a-days customer is asking

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Now-a-days customer is asking for transmitters instead

Now-a-days customer is asking for transmitters instead of switches.

One reason – Increased Accuracy.

Easy adaptability to DCS as well as PLC.

More Reliability as compared to switches.

Can be set easily at site.

Local Display facilitates easy control.

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Pressure Gauge

Pressure Gauge Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Used to indicate pressure

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Used to indicate pressure Range is selected

Used to indicate pressureTraining – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Range is selected such that the pressure

Range is selected such that the pressure to be indicated normally lies in the middle 1/3rd of the range be indicated normally lies in the middle 1/3rd of the range

has an over range protection of 130% &It It

It

a

blow out protection to save the gauge

in the event of over pressure

For pressures above 50 bar solid front gauges are used gauges are used

Gauge saver is used to protect the gauge from the maximum pressure from the maximum pressure

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Barrier Fluid System SPA – Dedicated API Plan 54 Pressurized external barrier fl uid system

Barrier Fluid System SPA – Dedicated API Plan 54

Pressurized external barrier fluid system supplying barrier fluid to the dual seals. Circulation is maintained by an external pump or pressure system.

is maintained by an external pump or pressure system. Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Stand alone pressure system mandatory instruments

Instrument

Use

PG

Pressure indication

TG

Temperature indication

PSL

To detect inner or outer seal leakage

LSL

To detect inner or outer seal leakage

Filter/Strainer

To remove suspended particles

LG

To indicate level in reservoir

Cooler

To cool the hot barrier liquid returning from the seal

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

SPA Flow Diagram

( Open System )

SPA Flow Diagram ( Open System ) To seal From seal M Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann
To seal From seal M Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy
To seal
From seal
M
Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India
Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy
© EagleBurgmann 2010
1st. July

Functions of SPA System

Functions of SPA System Pressurization By gear pump in normal operation Pressure retaining unit with pump

Pressurization By gear pump in normal operation Pressure retaining unit with pump stopping accumulator maintains the pressure in the system between the two check valves Continous flow through the seal no flow with pump idle Relief of pressure into the tank by hand possible during stand still Cooling of flid in the tank heat exchanger operating with water Filter unit for cleaning the fluid single or double filter Supply of two seals possible

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Quenching Plan 61

API Quenching Plan 61 Tapped & plugged connections for future use – as plan 62 or

Tapped & plugged connections for future use – as plan 62 or as plan 65

Quench - Q Drain - D
Quench - Q
Drain - D

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

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Features The Q & D connections when piped, this plan can get converted to plan 62 When the D connection is piped to a drain collection system, this plan can be used as a plan 65 Normally used for single seals Application areas As plan 62 or 65, in future

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Quenching Plan 62

API Quenching Plan 62 Supply of an external fl uid to the atmospheric side of the

Supply of an external fluid to the atmospheric side of the seal faces using the quench connections

Features

1.

Uses water, steam or Nitrogen

2.

The quench fluid cools the seal

3.

faces & also reduces coking and oxidation of the media by creating a barrier between the seal faces and the atmosphere Flushes away built up material or

solids underneath the seal faces Application areas

1.

Caustic, crystallizing & oxidizing services

2.

Used with steam to avoid coking

3.

Hot hydrocarbons

4.

Cryogenic services

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

The quench fluid can be clean water (1 lpm @ 0.5 kscg), steam (1 m3/hr @ 0.5 kscg) or low pressure Nitrogen.

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

API Plan 65 – Leakage Detection

API Plan 65 – Leakage Detection Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Vent port Leakage from the

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Vent

port

Leakage from the seal faces is drained through the drain port and collected in a drain collection pot which is equipped with a float type High level switch to give an alarm in the event of heavy leakage. The leakage is further directed to a liquid collection system.

leakage is further directed to a liquid collection system. Drain port High level switch Orifice plate

Drain

port

High level

switch

Orifice plate

Drain

Collection pot Overflow line
Collection
pot
Overflow line

Features A level switch gives an alarm in case of heavy leakage Has an overflow connection in the top half of the drain collector to drain excessive leakage

Single seals with plan 61 connection

Condensing leakages

Application areas

plan 61 connection Condensing leakages Application areas To liquid collection system Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

To liquid collection system

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Flushing Plans for CS & NC Seals 7 Series of Plans Digit “7” is

API Flushing Plans for CS & NC Seals

7 Series of Plans

Digit “7” is for Gases New Plans Added

71

72

74

75

76

For Dry Containment / non-contacting Seals

Plans 72 and 74 are similar to Plan 52 and 54. Instead of liquid, gas is provided between the two seals. Plans 75 and 76 are for the leakage collection.

Plan 75 is for condensing leakages and Plan 76 is for non-condensing leakages.

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulating Plan 71

API Circulating Plan 71 Plugged connections for future provision to supply a buffer gas to a

Plugged connections for future provision to supply a buffer gas to a dual containment seal

Primary flush CSV – containment seal vent GBI – Gas buffer in CSD – containment
Primary flush
CSV – containment seal vent
GBI – Gas buffer in
CSD – containment seal drain

API Seal configuration

2-CW-CS

Key Features

1.

CSV’ port is future vent provision for plan 76

2.

‘CSD’ port is future drain provision for plan 75

3.

‘GBI’ port can be used to connect Plan 72

Note: Keep the ports plugged when not in use

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulating Plan 72

API Circulating Plan 72 Buffer gas to containment seal chamber to sweep inner seal leakage away

Buffer gas to containment seal chamber to sweep inner seal leakage away from the outer seal to a collection system &/or dilute the primary seal leakage thus reducing emissions from containment seal

FSH PG P S
FSH
PG
P
S

API seal configuration

2-CW CS, 2-NC CS

CSV – containment seal vent GBO – Gas barrier out Control valve Primary flush GBI
CSV – containment seal vent
GBO – Gas barrier out
Control valve
Primary flush
GBI – Gas barrier in
CSD – containment seal drain

Flow meter

ROP - Restriction orifice plate

seal drain Flow meter ROP - Restriction orifice plate Isolation valve Filter FROM N 2 SOURCE
seal drain Flow meter ROP - Restriction orifice plate Isolation valve Filter FROM N 2 SOURCE

Isolation valve

Flow meter ROP - Restriction orifice plate Isolation valve Filter FROM N 2 SOURCE Instrument Use
Flow meter ROP - Restriction orifice plate Isolation valve Filter FROM N 2 SOURCE Instrument Use

Filter

FROM N 2 SOURCE

orifice plate Isolation valve Filter FROM N 2 SOURCE Instrument Use PG Pressure indication PCV

Instrument

Use

PG

Pressure indication

PCV

To maintain correct buffer gas pressure

PSL

To give an alarm for drop in pressure

FSH

To detect leakage and give an alarm

PCV Pressure control valve

Note: Keep buffer gas pressure less than seal chamber

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulating Plan 72

API Circulating Plan 72 Features Is used together with a plan 75 or 76 The buffer

Features Is used together with a plan 75 or 76 The buffer gas in normally Nitrogen & acts as a cooling fluid Nitrogen blanket reduces the explosion hazard arising out of the leakages from the inboard seal Application areas For containment seals – API configuration 2CW-CS where media is a flashing hydrocarbon May be used for non-flashing services also Check points Always ensure that the pressure of the buffer gas is lesser than the seal chamber pressure. Set the forward pressure regulator to min 0.4 bar above the flare back pressure.

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulating Plan 74

FOR NF992

API Circulating Plan 74 FOR NF992 Pressurized barrier gas from external sour ce to a dual

Pressurized barrier gas from external source to a dual pressurized non contacting seal

FSH PG P
FSH
PG
P
S Flow meter GBI – Gas barrier in Control valve ROP - Restriction orifice plate
S
Flow meter
GBI – Gas barrier in
Control valve
ROP - Restriction
orifice plate
Filter
PCV - Pressure
control valve
GBO – Gas barrier out
PCV - Pressure control valve GBO – Gas barrier out Note: Keep barrier gas pressure higher

Note: Keep barrier gas pressure higher than seal chamber

API seal configuration 3-NC BB/FB/FF

than seal chamber API seal configuration 3-NC BB/FB/FF Isolation valve FROM N 2 SOURCE Instrument Use

Isolation valve

FROM N 2 SOURCE

3-NC BB/FB/FF Isolation valve FROM N 2 SOURCE Instrument Use PG Pressure indication PCV

Instrument

Use

PG

Pressure indication

PCV

To maintain correct barrier gas pressure

PSL

To give an alarm for drop in pressure

FSH

To detect leakage and give an alarm

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulating Plan 74

API Circulating Plan 74 Features 1. Nitrogen is used as barrier gas 2. Pumped media never

Features

1.

Nitrogen is used as barrier gas

2.

Pumped media never leaks to the atmosphere

3.

Extremely high reliability due to absence of foreign particles/solids in the barrier gas

Application areas

1.

For dual pressurized non-contacting seals – 3NC-FB/3NC-BB/3NC-FF

2.

For medium temperature media with bad lubrication properties ot with hazard or toxic

properties Check points

1.

For services where media contamination is acceptable but media leakage to atmosphere even in diluted form is not acceptable

2. Check if Nitrogen is compatible with the pumped media

3. Ensure that the barrier gas pressure is higher than the seal chamber pressure

4. Set the back pressure regulator at least 1.7 bar above the seal chamber pressure

5. Check filter from time to time for any blockages

6. Avoid using for polymerizing & sticky media as they create problems with the inboard seal faces.

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulation Plan 75

FOR L9DTUE

API Circulation Plan 75 FOR L9DTUE Leakage from an inboard seal sealing a condensing me dia

Leakage from an inboard seal sealing a condensing media is directed to a leakage collection system.

CSV – containment sealvent Primary flush GBI – Gas buffer in P P G S
CSV – containment sealvent
Primary flush
GBI – Gas buffer
in
P
P
G
S
Test
connection (NC)
CSD – containment seal
drain
LSH
To
flare

Drain valve

Note: Mount the pot below the pump centre line

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

API Seal configuration 2-CW CS

Instrument

PG

LG

PSH

LSH

© EagleBurgmann 2010

Use

Pressure indication

To view level of leakage

To detect leakage & give an alarm

To detect leakage & give an alarm

1st. July

API Circulation Plan 75

API Circulation Plan 75 Features 1. Avoids direct leakage of pumped media to the atmosphere 2.

Features

1.

Avoids direct leakage of pumped media to the atmosphere

2.

The collected fluid may be sent back to the process

3.

This plan can be used with buffer gas (plan 72) or without buffer gas (Plan 71)

4.

Liquid leakage gets collected in the pot and vapors pass to the collection system

Application areas

1.

For condensing media

2.

For configurations utilizing an outboard containment seal – contacting or non-contacting type

3.

May be used in non-condensing media in order to collect the condensate from the collection

system Check Points

1.

Set the PSH at a pressure of 0.7 bar g so as to trigger an alarm when the pressure in the pot rises

2.

Ensure that the vent line is always open and an orifice is present to generate back pressure

3.

Mount the pot below the pump centerline

4.

Connect both level and pressure alarms so that the one which is reached first will indicate the leakage

5.

Use sloping lines from the CSD port to the pot

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulation Plan 76

API Circulation Plan 76 Non-condensing leakage from inner seal is directed to flare through containment seal

Non-condensing leakage from inner seal is directed to flare through containment seal vent connection.

CSV – containment seal vent PG PS Primary flush GBI – Gas buffer in Drain
CSV – containment seal vent
PG
PS
Primary flush
GBI – Gas buffer in
Drain valve
CSD – containment seal drain
To Flare

API Seal configuration 2-CW CS, 2-NC CS

Instrument

Use

PG

Pressure indication

PSH

To detect leakage & give an alarm

Note: Do not use for condensing media. Add an orifice to generate back pressure

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

API Circulation Plan 76

API Circulation Plan 76 Features 1. Avoids direct leakage of pumped media to the atmosphere &

Features

1.

Avoids direct leakage of pumped media to the atmosphere & ensures almost no leakage from the outboard seal

2.

The vapors are directed to the vapour collection system

3.

This plan can be used with buffer gas (plan 72) or without buffer gas (Plan 71)

Application areas

1.

For non-condensing media – typically high vapour pressure flashing light hydrocarbons

2.

For configurations utilizing an outboard containment seal – contacting or non-contacting type and handle toxic or hazardous media

Check Points

1.

Set the PSH at a pressure of 0.7 bar g so as to trigger an alarm when the leakage rises

2.

Ensure that the vent line is always open and an orifice is present to generate back pressure

3.

Ensure a low point condensate drain

4.

Check that the support to the harness piping is sufficient

5.

Use a ½” (13mm) tubing for the CSV line and ensure that the pipeline is continuously rising upwards

6.

Do not use for condensing media

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Any Question ? © EagleBurgmann

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy Any Question ? © EagleBurgmann 2010

Any Question ?

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy © EagleBurgmann 2010 1st. July
Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy © EagleBurgmann 2010 1st. July

Corporate Training – EagleBurgmann India

Prepared by : Surajjit Rayy

© EagleBurgmann 2010

1st. July