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Experimental to the crude acetanilide and the mixture was

heated in a hot plate. It was stirred until the

A. Sample Used solids were dissolved. The solution was quickly
filtered while hot using a fluted filter paper. If
The samples used in the experiment were
there were still residue left, 20 mL of the
pure acetanilide, aniline & acetic anhydride which
recrystallizing solvent was added once again until
were used to produce crude acetanilide, and
the entire residue were completely dissolved.
different solvents such as water, hexane, and
methanol. The filtrate was cooled by placing the
receiver (beaker) on an ice bath. The crystals
B. Procedure
were collected and filtered and the residue was
1. Determination of Recrystallizing Solvent washed with distilled water. These crystals were
the pure acetanilide. The residue was dried and
A corn-grain amount of pure acetanilide then weighed for the computation of percent
was placed into three different test tubes. To yield.
the first test tube, 1 mL of water was added; 1mL
of ethanol to the second and 1 mL of hexane into The formula used was:
the third test tube. The mixtures were shaken
%yield = __actual yield___
and placed in a warm water bath for 1-5minutes. 100
Theoretical yield
The test tubes were cooled and observations
were recorded.
P.S. wala ako Makita picture ng set upp hehehezz
2. Synthesis and Purification

2 mL of aniline and 20 mL of distilled water

were mixed in an Erlenmeyer flask. 3mL
of acetic anhydride was slowly added to the
mixture. After this, it was cooled in an ice bath to
hasten crystallization. The mixture was then
filtered through a pre-weighed filter paper. The
filter paper with the residue was dried. Crude
acetanilide was obtained and weighed.

(better if ung picture ng crystals talaga natin,

idk sino nagpic)

3. Recrystallization Process

The crude acetanilide was put into a

evaporating dish. 20 mL of the previously
determined recrystallizing solvent was added
Impurities are commonly found in organic at room temperature but more soluble in the
compounds, whether it is solid or liquid. This solvent at higher temperature. [2] At the same
requires different methods of purification. In time, impurities that are present must either be
liquids, distillation is most commonly used and its soluble in the solvent at room temperature or
basis will be the boiling points of different insoluble in the solvent at a high temperature.
compounds. However, in solids, there are two Very pure compounds are obtained in
ways of purifying it. One is sublimation, if the recrystallization. Small crystals of the compound
organic compound passes directly into the vapor grows and forms in the solution and the
phase and the second is crystallization. molecules continuously attaches until it forms a
crystal lattice.
Recrystallization involves two crystallization
process Based on research, recrystallization is a Acetanilide is to be used in this experiment.
way of effective recovery of a substance mixed Acetanilide is an odorless, white leaf or flake-like
with another to produce a pure compound. With solid and crystalline powder on its pure form. The
their difference in solubility you can separate objectives of this experiment are to select the
them by dissolving both impurities and a best recrystallizing solvent, to synthesize
compound in an appropriate solvent, either the acetanilide by acetylation of aniline and to purify
desired compound or impurities can be get out of the crude the crude acetanilide.
solution, leaving the other behind.[1] Solubility
refers to the ability of a substance (solute) to be [1] https://www. scribd. com/ document/
dissolved in a given solvent. Recrystallization 38628615
works only when the proper solvent is used. The [2] http://www. wiredchemist.
solute must be relatively insoluble in the solvent com/chemistry/instructional/laboratory-tutorials/