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The FRAME Routine Key Topic

The Judicial Branch is about


Erin Dreelin SIM

The branch of the US government the reviews the law and ensure it abides by our national
Constitution.

US District CourtsUS Appellate Courts US Supreme Court

Essential details Essential details Essential details

About 677 judges that see Established to lessen the 9 justices, one chief justice
over 350,000 cases a year burden of the Supreme Court
(about 80% of the judiciary
burden annually)

89 official districts, but extra 13 courts of appeal in the One national court to oversee
districts in US Territories (94 in federal circuit (12 districtissues of constitutionality
total) courts, and a 13th federal
appeals court)

Have original jurisdiction: they Has both original and


Only have appellate jurisdiction
are the first to see and hear appellate
they review the original case and jurisdiction (most
cases cases
evidence, and cannot accept new come on an appeals
evidence basis)

Hear both civil and criminal Hear appellate cases, generally


Often hear appeals cases that
court cases on a panel of judges (usually
deal3)with constitutionality
(often, SC rulings change the
face of the nation)
So What? (Whats important to understand about this?)
Understanding the different levels of the US Judicial Branch helps to explain both where certain court cases go, but also
how they are ruled upon differently, and the individual roles that each group of courts plays.
Question Exploration Guide Erin Dreelin SIM
1
What is the Critical Question?

How does America shift from an isolationist country to an international police


2
What are the Key Terms and explanations?

Isolationism: - a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of
Alliance: other countries.
International Conflict: - a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or
Police Force: organizations
United Nations: - conflicts between different nation-states and conflicts between people and organizations in
Super power: different nation-states a - group in charge of maintain peace and order, enforcing laws, and
prevention/detection of crime (global for this activity)
- a global organization to promote international co-operation and to create and maintain
3 What are the Supporting Questions and answers?
1. What conflicts was the United States 1. The War of 1812: the US colonists v. Britain, the Civil War: The US North V. the US South
involved in during the 1800s? 2. World War I: Britain, France, Russia, the US, and others v. Germany, the Ottoman Empire,
and Austria-Hungary
2. What conflicts was the United States World War II: Britain, France, Russia, the US, and others v. Germany, Italy, and Japan
involved in during the 1900s? The Cold War: US v. USSR
The Vietnam War: US and South Vietnam (and others, like Cambodia) v. North Vietnam
3. How does the power of the United The Korean War: US and South Korea v. North Korea
States change in the 1900s? 3. As a result of both World Wars, the US economy and power takes off. Additionally, the
United States becomes one of the wealthiest countries with one of, if not the largest
4. What global connections, including militaries in the world. The US also fiercely defends the principles of capitalism during this
the US, are created in the 1900s? time.
4. The League of Nations- 1919, the United Nations-1945, NATO-1949
5. What changes in technology 5. Changes in radio, transportations, television, the Internet, and other methods of easy
influence international cooperation
communication and international travel make it easier for nations to communicate and
during the 1900s?
cooperate with each other. Today, leaders of nations can easily meet with one another, and
peace-keeping organizations like the United Nations meet frequently.
4 The United States shifts from an isolationist country to an international police force through its
What is the Main Idea answer?
involvement in major world conflicts, its growth in economic and military power, and the newfound
accessibility of international communication and travel that comes out of the 20 th century.

5
How can we use the Main Understanding
Idea? this shift in American mentality can help us to understand rapid mobilization for world
conflicts, identify new political alliances, and even to examine how the United States interferes/interacts
with other countries today. It helps to explain how the US grows into a superpower, and our place as a
police force in the modern world.
6 Is there an Overall Idea? Is there a real-world use?
In the real world, understanding the changes in Americas place on an international sphere in the last century helps to explain the roles that America takes
today as one of, if not the most, prestigious country in the world. It also explains and relates to modern day events, like the US involvement in the Middle
East, the questions raised about the US responsibility to struggling nations, and even comes full circle to explain the importance and role of the UN in
modern conflicts. It helps identify another question: are countries responsible for looking after one another, or should they focus on their own affairs.
Erin Dreelin SIM

Understanding
Maps
Identifying
Relationships
Historical
Erin Dreelin SIM

What are the repercussion of going to war, again?


How does WII change the relationships between certain territories?
Could WWII have been prevented?
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Erin Dreelin SIM