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Patrol Organization and Operation

different jurisdiction.

Patrol - from french patrouiller - to paddle, paw about,

5. Spain - modern police in Europe has a precedent in
- keep watch over an area by regularly walking
the Hermandus or (brotherhood) - peace keeping
or traveling around or through it.
association of individuals, a characteristic of municipal
- a person or group of people sent to keep
life in medieval Spain. The first recorded case of the
watch over an area.
formation of the hermandad occurred when the towns
and the peasantry of the north united to police the
Patrol officers - are uniformed officers assigned to
pilgrim road to Santiago de compostela in galicia and
monitor specific geographical areas, that is to move
protect the pilgrims against robber knights.
through their areas at regular intervals looking out for
any signs of problems of any kind.
6. France - The first police force in the modern sense
History of Patrol was created by the government of king Louis XIV in
1667 to police the city of Paris, then the largest city in
1. Ancient China - law enforcement was carried out by Europe.
prefect. Prefects were government officials appointed by
local magistrates who reported to higher authorities 7. Britain and Ireland - in England, a system of
such as the governors who in turn were appointed by sheriffs, reeves and investigative juries to provide
head of state usually the emperor of the dynasty. basic security and law enforcement.

2. Ancient Greece - publicly owned slaves were used Sheriff - is a contraction of the term "shire-
by magistrates as police. In Athens, a group of 300 reeve" - designated a royal official responsible
Scythian slaves (rod-bearers) was used to guard public for keeping the peace through out a shire or
meetings to keep order and for crowd control and also county on behalf of the king.
assisted with dealing with criminal, handling prisoners
and making arrests.
Reeve - a senior official with local
3. Roman empire - the army rather than a dedicated responsibilities under the crown. ex., chief
police organization provided security. Local watchmen magistrate of a town or district.
were hired by cities to provide some extra security.
Magistrates such as procurators, fiscals and quaestros Shire - traditional term for a division of land in
investigated crime. Under the reign of Augustus, 14 the UK and Australia.
wards were created, the wards were protected by seven
squads of 1000 men called vigiles who acted as firemen
and night watchmen. Their duties included Jury - is a sworn body of people convened to
apprehending thieves and robbers and capturing render impartial verdict officially submitted to
runaway slaves. The vigiles were supported by the them by a court or to set a penalty or
urban cohorts who acted as a heavy-duty riot force and judgement.
praetorian guard if necessary.
Thief taker - a private individual hired to
praetorian guard - bodyguards used by capture criminal.
roman emperors.
Bow street runners - London's first
urban cohorts - were created by Augustus to professional police force.
counter balance the enormous power of the
praetorian guard in the city of Rome and serve Henry Fielding - a magistrate educated at
as the police force. Elton college who founded the Bow street
runners originally numbered just six.
vigiles - (watchmen of the city) - were the
firefighters and police of ancient Rome. Statute of Winchester - in 1285, obliged the
authorities of every town to keep a watch at
ward - a subdivision of a municipality. the city gates and arrest all suspicious night

4. Medieval England - the Anglo-Saxon system of Sir Robert Peel - prime minister of England
maintaining public order since the Norman conquest was from Dec. 1834 to April 1835 and again From
a private system of tithing, led by a constable to enforce Aug.1841 to June 1846. While home secretary,
the law. help create the modern concept of the police
force leading to officers being known as
bobbies in England and peelers in Ireland.
tithing - was a grouping of 10 households.

Patrick Colquhoun - (1745 - 1820) - a

constable - is a person holding a particular
Scottish merchant and a magistrate who
office most commonly in law enforcement. The
founded the first regular preventive police force
office of constable can vary significantly in
relatively few locations.
in England, the Thames river police.
Models of Policing
1. Neighborhood Oriented Policing - a philosophy of
police suggesting that problem solving is best done
8. In the US - the first city police services were at the neighborhood level, where issues originate
established in Philadelphia in 1751, Boston 1838 and not at a far-off central headquarters.
new york 1845. 2. Pro Active Policing - aggressive law enforcement
style in which patrol officers take the initiative
August Vollmer - first police chief of Berkeley against crime instead of waiting for criminal acts to
California. He is sometimes called the father of occur.
modern law enforcement in the US. 3. Problem Oriented Policing - a style of police
management that stresses proactive problem
solving instead of reactive crime fighting.
1. He was the first chief to require that 4. Community Oriented Policing - programs designed
police officers attain college degrees. to bring the police and the public closer together
and create more cooperative working environment
2. First police chief to create a motorized between them.
force placing officers on motorcycles 5. Reactive Policing - the opposite of Pro Active
and cars so that they could patrol broader policing where the police wait for crime to occur.
areas with greater efficiency.
3. He was also the first to use the lie detector Blue Curtain - describes the secrecy and insulation
in police work. from others in society that is a consequence of the
police subculture.
O.W. Wilson - studied under August Vollmer.
Became Chief of Police of the Fullerton police Cynicism - the belief that most peoples actions are
department. He also became chief of police of motivated solely by personal needs and selfishness.
the Wichita police department. He introduced
the following reforms and innovations: Civilian Review Board - ex. PLEB - organized citizen
groups that examine police misconduct.

1. requires new policeman to have college Watchman - style of policing characterized by an

education. emphasis on maintaining public order.

2. use of police car for patrol, mobile radios and Fleeing Felon Rule - the oldest standard relating to
use of a mobile crime laboratory. the use of deadly force.

Beats - designated police patrol areas.

3. he believes that the use of a two way radio
allowed better supervision of patrol officers. Internal Affairs - unit that investigates allegations of
police misconduct.
What are the 3-main task of supervision?
1. Organize - means planning the work of the Deadly Force - police killing of a suspect who resists
department and of the personnel in an orderly arrest or presents a danger to an officer or the
manner. community.
2. Delegate - means giving someone else the
responsibility and authority to do something. The Booking - the administrative record of an arrest listing
supervisor confers upon a subordinate officer the the offenders name, address, physical description, date
same authority and responsibility that the of birth, time of arrest, offense and name of arresting
supervisor possesses to accomplish the specific task officer. It also includes photographing and fingerprinting
The supervisor remain responsible for the of the offender.
completion of the delegated task.
3. Oversee - means that the supervisor ensures that Line Up - placing a suspect in a group for the purpose
the work that has been organized and delegated is of being viewed and identified by a witness.
satisfactorily completed.
Stop and Frisk - the situation in which police officers
Community policing - is the process by which an who are suspicious of an individual run their hands
organized group of citizens devoted a time to crime lightly over the suspects outer garments to determine if
prevention within a neighborhood. When suspecting the person is carrying a concealed weapon. Also called
criminal activities, members are encourage to contact Inquiry of Pat Down.
the authorities and not to intervene.
Foot Patrol - police patrol that takes officer out of cars
Beat patrol - the deployment of officers in a given and puts them in walking beat to strengthen ties with
community, area or locality to prevent and deter the community.
criminal activity and to provide day to day services to
the community. Excited Delirium - an overdose of adrenaline that can
occur in heated confrontation with the police.
Sting Operations - organized groups of detectives who
deceived criminals into openly committing illegal acts of * Patrol reduces crime by creating an impression of
conspiring to engage in criminal activity. omnipresence.

Hotspots of Crime - the view that a significant portion Responding to Crime - total response time is
of all police calls in cities typically radiate from a comprised of four dimensions.
1. Discovery Time - interval between the commission size with personnel assigned to perform a
of the crime and its discovery. specialized activity, one or two employees
2. Reporting Time - interval between the discovery performing assigned
of the crime and when it is reported to the police. work.
3. Processing Time - interval between receiving the 3. Squad - a subdivision of a unit.
call and dispatching the officers for service. 4. Detail - a subdivision of a squad.
4. Travel time - the amount of time it takes for the 5. Precinct -the primary geographic subdivision of
police to travel to the scene of the crime. the patrol operation bureau.
6. Sector - the primary geographic subdivision of a
The Phantom Effect - "residual deterrence" most precinct, supervised by a sergeant.
people believe that the police is present even when they 7. Beat - the primary subdivision of a sector.
are not in sight. 8. Watch/Shift - one of several tours of duty.
9. Post - a fixed geographic location usually assigned
Sworn Date - the date that a sworn employee took the to an individual officer.
oath of office for their position. 10.Task Force - an adhoc work group normally
established by bureau commander to respond to a
Advantages of Foot/Bicycle Patrol specific incident or series of related incidents. Task
1. Increased personal contact between the police and Force assignment is temporary.
citizen. 11.Chief of Police - overall commander of the
2. Increased observation ability. department.
3. Increased ability to gather information 12.Chain of Command - a fundamental component
4. Economical of proper supervision.The chain of command
requires that each employee reports and is
Advantages of Motorized Patrol accountable to only one direct supervisor.
1. Increased speed and mobility
2. Increased conspicuousness
3. Availability of additional equipment
4. Increased transportation capability Patrol Organization and Operation Reviewer 1
5. Deceased response time
6. Communications 1. Sir Robert Peel introduced the Metropolitan Police Act
and passed by the parliament of England on
Basic Preventive Patrol Methods Utilized by an A. 1828
Officer B. 1829
1. Frequent check and contact with business premises C. 1830
2. Frequent check of suspicious persons D. 1831
3. Fluctuating patrol patterns
4. Maintenance of visibility and personal contact 2. Considered as the father of modern policing system.
5. Daily individual patrol and community action plan A. Sir Robert Peel
B. August Vollmer
Factors to be Considered in Becoming Familiar C. Edgar Hoover
with the Community D. Henry Armstrong
1. General population information
2. Appropriate geographical information 3. In the principles of law enforcement enunciated by Sir
3. Recent criminal activity Robert Peel, the basic mission of the police is
4. Specific factors that may influence patrol functions A. Prevention of crime
ex. location of hospitals, high crime areas, B. Enforcement of the law
community habits. C. Maintenance of peace and order
D. None of the above
How to Prepare for a Normal Patrol Shift
1. Gathering information through crime reports and 4. One of the feature of this act is that no freeman shall
briefings be taken or imprisoned except by the judgment of his
2. Gathering needed materials ex. report forms, peer
citation books A. Magna Carta
3. Obtaining and checking equipment B. Statute of 1295
4. Planning work around identified priorities C. Legies Henry
5. Preparing daily patrol and community action plan D. None of the above

What an Officer on Night time Patrol Should be 5. The closing of gates of London during sun down. This
Looking for mark the beginning of the curfew hours
1. broken glasses A. Statute of 1295
2. open doors and windows B. Statute of 1775
3. pry marks C. Statute of 1827
4. suspicious vehicles D. Statute of 1834
5. persons on foot
6. differences in normal lighting (on or Off) 6. A Position having power to arrest, punish, and
7. unusual sounds imposes imprisonment.
8. access to roof tops or upper floors A. Justice of the Peace
B. Sheriff
Definition of Terms C. Star Chamber Court
1. Section - a primary subdivision of a bureau with a D. traveling Judge
department wide responsibility for providing a
specific specialized functions. 7. A Special Court that tried cases against the state.
2. Unit - a subdivision of a section usually small in A. Shire-Reeve
B. Star Chamber Court A. Mobile Patrol
C. Magna Carta B. Foot Patrol
D. Legies Henry C. Animal Patrol
D. Aircraft Patrol
8. He is held responsible in passing judgment that was
taken from the shire-reeve in view of some abuses. 5. It is the largest segment of a police station.
A. Legies Henry A. Police Patrol
B. star Chamber Court B. Police Investigation
C. Justice of the Peace C. Police Intelligence
D. Traveling Judge D. None of the Above

9. An Act enacted in England with the following 6. From the time of the receipt of the call by the police
features: dispatcher to the arrival of the mobile patrol at the
a. Policeman became public servant scene.
b. The Police has a broad power of arrest A. Response Time
c. Grand Jury was created to inquire on the violations B. Preparation Time
of the law. C. Speed Time
A. Statute of 1295 D. None of the Above
B. Star Chamber Court
C. Legies Henry 7. Which of the following kind of patrol is most effective
D. Magna Carta in parade and crowd control.
A. Foot Patrol
10. Shire means B. Horse Patrol
A. Ruler C. Mobile Patrol
B. District D. Aircraft Patrol
C. Police
D. Judge 8. One of the advantage of this kind of patrol is stealth
silence for movement.
11. Reeve means A. Foot Patrol
A. Ruler B. Bicycle Patrol
B. District C. Mobile Patrol
C. Police D. Horse Patrol
D. Judge
9. An electronic equipment that has helped the police in
its record, storage, and location system.
Answer: A. Walkie Talkie
1. B B. Vault
2. A C. File Room
3. A D. Computer
4. A
5. A 10. One electronic gadget or equipment that has
6. A assisted immediately the police investigation and
7. B interrogation in his work.
8. D A. Walkie Talkie
9. C B. Tape Recorder
10. B C. Computer
11. A D. None of the Above

Patrol Organization and Operation Reviewer 2 Answer:

1. D
2. D
1. A round line or district area regularly traversed by
3. C
foot police patrol.
4. D
A. Bureau
5. A
B. Division
6. A
C. Section
7. B
D. Beat
8. B
9. D
2. One of the advantage of this patrol is that the
10. B
patrolman knows the area and people in his beat.
A. Bicycle Patrol
B. Horse Patrol Patrol Organization Reviewer 3
C. Motorized Patrol
D. Foot Patrol 1. Backbone of the police department.
A. Intelligence
3. Backbone of the police service in the community. B. Patrol
A. Police Intelligence C. Investigation
B. Police Investigation D. Vice Control
C. Police Patrol
D. None of the above 2. Established the first English police department, the
London metropolitan police in 1829.
4. One of the following types of police patrol is currently A. O.W Wilson
not used in the Philippines. B. Sir Robert Peel
C. Henry Fielding 6. D
D. None of the Above 7. A
8. C
3. He laid the foundation for the first modern police 9. C
force. he was appointed magistrate in Westminster in 10.D
A. Henry Fielding
Patrol Organization and Operation Reviewer 4
B. Sir Robert Peel
C. O.W. Wilson
D. None of the Above 1. He assisted the justices of the peace by presiding the courts, order
A. Parish Constable
4. A Chicago Police department superintendent, he B. Sheriff
introduced a one man mobile patrol except in ghetto C. Magistrates
and crime ridden section of the city. The rationale is that D. Shire
help is a microphone away.
A. O.W. Wilson 2. This office was created to assist the shire-reeve in non-urban area
B. Sir Robert Peel A. Justice of the Peace
C. Henry Fielding B. Parish Constable
D. None of the Above C. Magistrates
D. Watchmen
5. Required all men in a given town to serve on the
night watch. 3. This office was created to assist the shire-reeve in urban areas.
A. Hue and Cry A. Justice of the Peace
B. Shires B. Parish Constable
C. Parish constable C. Magistrates
D. Watch and Ward D. Watchmen

6. Ten tithings or 100 families under the charge of a 4. Patrolling the streets from dusk till dawn to ensure that all local pe
constable. A. Justice of the peace
A. Shire B. Parish Constable
B. Parish Constable C. Magistrates
C. Beadies D. Watchmen
D. Hundred
5. A system of apprehending criminals whereby a complainant goes i
7. Groups of hundreds within a specific geographic area. A. Royal Judge
They were put under the control of the King and were B. Magistrates
governed by a shire-reeve or sheriff. C. Watchmen
A. Shires D. Hue and Cry
B. Parish Constable
C. Beadies 6. He conducts Criminal investigation and give punishment.
D. Tithings A. Royal Judge
B. Magistrate
8. Ten families who grouped together to protect one C. Watchmen
another and to assume responsibility for the acts of the D. Parish Constable
group member.
A. Hundred 7. Suspects were required to place their hands in boiling water. When
B. Shires A. Hue and Cry
C. Tithings B. Shire
D. Beadies C. Trial by Ordeal
D. None of the Above
9. Enacted in 1285 in England, it established a
rudimentary criminal justice system in which most of 8. An Anglo-saxon period of policing system where the residents them
the responsibility for law enforcement remained with the A. Hue and Cry
people themselves. B. Royal Judge
A. The Hue and Cry C. Trial by ordeal
B. shire-reeve D. Tun policing system
C. Statute of Winchester
D. Magna carta 9. The cooperative human effort to achieve the purpose of criminal ju
A. Civil Administration
10.He was responsible for organizing and supervising B. Police Administration
the watch C. Patrol Administration
A. Shire-reeve D. None of the above
B. Shire
C. Magistrate 10.This law established the Napolcom under the office of the Presiden
D. Parish Constable A. R.A. 6975
B. C.A. 181
Answer: C. R.A. 4864
D. R.A. 4668
1. B
2. B
3. A Answer:
4. A
5. D 1. C
2. A A. Kempetai
3. B B. Sepuko
4. D C. Arigato
5. D D. Kimchi
6. A
7. C 7. The Manila Police Department was formally organized on this da
8. D A. July 31, 1901
9. B
B. July 31. 1902
10. C
C. August 1, 1901
D. August 1, 1902
Patrol Organization and Operation Reviewer 5

1. An area containing two or more beat, route, or post. 8. The PC (Philippine Constabulary) was organized as the first insu
A. Sector A. July 31, 1901
B. District B. July 31, 1902
C. Area C. August 1, 1901
D. None of the Above D. August 1, 1902

9. own
2. A geographical subdivision of a city for patrol purposes usually with its The First Chief of the PC (Philippine Constabulary).
A. Sector A. Ronald John Hay
B. District B. Henry Allen
C. Area C. George Cury
D. None of the Above D. John Burnham

10. The First chief of police of Manila.

A. Henry Allen
3. A section or territorial division of a large city each composed of designated
A. Sector B. George Cury
B. District C. Howard Taft
C. Area D. Tomas Clark
D. None of the Above

4. All personnel of the police department who have taken oath.

1. A
A. Duty officer
2. B
B. Subordinate officer
3. C
C. Sworn officer
4. C
D. Commanding officer
5. A
6. A
5. Describes the procedure that defines the duties of officers assigned
7. A
A. Duty Manual
8. C
B. Mission Order
9. B
C. Special Order
10. B
D. Office Manual

6. The Japanese Military Police.