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# PEKA Physics Form 4 CHAPTER 3 : Forces and Pressure

## TITLE :Experiment 3.1: PRESSURE IN THE LIQUIDS

INSTRUMENT :SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION EXPERIMENT REPORT

INSTRUCTION:
1. Prepare a report with the procedures for an Investigative Scientific Experiment from the
stimulus shown in the diagram.
2. Carry out the experiment in the lab to collect and record the data then interpret the
data and make a conclusion.

STIMULUS:

syrups syrups

Rate of Rate of
drink flow drink flow
faster slower

At the dinner party, drinks were served in transparent container. It is observed that
the drink flows at a greater speed in the beginning rather than towards the end.
APPARATUS and MATERIALS : Thin piece of rubber, rubber tube, thistle funnel, tall plastic
bottle, rubber band, retort stand and clamp, metre rule and
manometer and water.
PROCEDURE :

## 1- The apparatus is arranged as shown in the diagram

2- The thistle funnel is immersed into the water so that its
depth, h=5.0 cm
3- The difference in the levels, l of coloured water in the
manometer is measured and recorded.
( the difference in the level,l, of coloured water in the
manometer represent pressure , P in water)
4- Procedures 2 and 3 are repeated for h=10.0 cm, 15.0 cm,
20.0 cm and 25.0 cm.
5- Determine the pressure of water, P. [ P = hg ; water =
1000 kg m-3 ,
g = 10 ms-2 ]
6- Plot the graph of pressure, P against depth, h

DISCUSSION:
1. State the direction which the pressure in a liquid acts?
2. What is the difference in the level, l, of coloured water in the manometer represents ?
3. What is the relationship between the difference in the level, l, of coloured water in the
manometer
with the pressure, P of the liquid measured?
4. What is the advantage of using coloured water in manometer compare with ordinary
water?

1. Date 8. Arrangement of the apparatus .
2. Title 9. The procedure of the experiment.
3. Aim of the experiment. 10.Result
4. Inference 11.Graph
5. Hypothesis 12.Discussion.
PEKA Physics Form 4 CHAPTER 3 : Forces and Pressure

## 6. Variables in the experiment 13.Conclusion

7. Apparatus and Materials 14.Precaution
15.
SKEMA : Experiment 3.1: PRESSURE IN THE LIQUIDS
1 CI PI 1 Inference :Pressure in liquid depends on depth.
(PART 1)
2 CI PI 2 Hypothesis : When the depth increase , the pressure is also increase.
(PART 1)
3 CI PI 3 Aim : To study the relationship between depth in liquid and pressure in
(PART 1) liquid .
4 CI PI 4 Manipulated variable : Depth ,h
(PART 1) Responding variable : Pressure P
5 Constant (fixed) variable : Density of liquid
6 CI PI 1 Apparatus and Materials: Thin piece of rubber, rubber tube, thistle funnel, tall
(PART 2) plastic bottle, rubber band, retort stand and clamp,
metre rule and manometer and water

7 CI PI 2 Arrangement of apparatus :
(PART 2)

Different in level, l,
Depth, h/cm Pressure, P/Pa
/cm
5.0
10.0
15.0
20.0
25.0
8 CI PI 3 The procedure of the experiment.
(PART 2) 1. The apparatus is arranged as shown in the diagram
9 2. The thistle funnel is immersed into the water so that its depth, h=5.0 cm
10 3. The difference in the levels, l of coloured water in the manometer is measured and
recorded.
( the difference in the level,l, of coloured water in the manometer represent
pressure , P in water)
4. Procedures 2 and 3 are repeated for h=10.0 cm, 15.0 cm, 20.0 cm and 25.0 cm
5. Determine the pressure of water, P. [ P = hg ; water = 1000 kg m-3 , g = 10 ms-2
]
6. Plot the graph of pressure, P against depth, h

11 Tabulation of data:
CI PI 4
(PART 2)
CIII PI 1

CIII PI 2
CIII PI 3
CIII PI 4

## 12 CIV Analyse the data .

PI,P2,P3 Graph: Title - Pressure, P/Pa against Depth, h/cm
Label y-axis ; Pressure, P/Pa and x-axis ; Depth, h/cm

Discussion :
1. Pressure in liquid acts in all directions.
2. The difference in the level,l, of coloured water in the manometer represent
pressure , P in water.
3. The bigger the value of l, the higher the pressure of the liquid.
CIV P6 4. Coloured water is easier to see.
CIV P7 Conclusion ; Pressure in a liquid is directly proportional to depth
PEKA Physics Form 4 CHAPTER 3 : Forces and Pressure

## Precaution; 1. The rubber tube was fixed tightly to prevent leakage.

2. l and h were measured without parallax.