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2011 .

. , , , 2011 .



, -
.

2011 .

2


1 s x x x0

s
2 =
t
s
3 =
t

4 x x0 xt


0
5 a
t

6 0 at

+0
7 s= t
2

at 2
8 s 0t
2
02x
2

9 sx x
2a x

at 2
10 x x0 0t
2


N
1
t
t
2 T
N
1
3 T

s
4
t
2r ,
5
T
,
6 2r


7
t
3
2 ,
8
T
,
9 2

10 r

2 ,
11 a
r
,
12 a 2 r


FR
1 a
m

2 F1 F2
3 F N
4 F x kx

5 F mg

6 P mg ()
(),
7 P m(g a)
m1m2
8 F G
r2
M
9 g G
(R h)2
M
10 G 1-
R

11 Ft m m0

12 m11+m22=m11+m22


1 M F d
n
2 Fi 0
i 1
,

n
3
i 1
i 0 ,

4

m
1
V
F
2 p
S

3 p gh

4 F gHS
1
5 F gHS
2
h1 2
6
h2 1
7 FA gV
S ,
8 F2 F1 2
S1
, ,
1 A F s cos
2 A F s
3 A mg( h1 h2 )
k
4 A ( x12 x22 )
2

5 N F

A
6 N
t
m 2
7 Ek
2
8 E p mgh
kx 2
9 Ep
2
E Ek E p const
10

m22 m12
11 A
2 2
A N
12 ;
A N
5

x A sint 0

1

x m cost 0

2

ax am sint 0

3

2
4 2
T
1 1
5 T ;
T

6 m A


7 m 2 A
m
8 T 2
k
l
9 T 2
g

kA2 mx2 kx 2 mm2


10
2 2 2 2
11 T


N m
1
NA M
2 M m0 N A
1 ,
3 nm0 2
3
,
2
4 nE
3


5 p nkT

3
6 E kT
2
6
3RT
7
M
pV
8 = const
T
m
9 pV RT -
M
10 pV = constT = const -
V
11 = const p = const -
T
p
12 = constV = const
T


i m
1 U RT
2M
,
2 Q cmt2 t1

3 C cm
,
4 Q rm ,
,
,
5 Q m ,

,
6 Q qm

7 A' = pV ,
8 Q U A'
n
9 Q 0
i 1
i

' Q1 Q2
10
Q1 Q1
T T
11 1 2
T1

7


q1 q2
F k
r 2
1
1
k 9 109
40 2

F
2 E
q
q
3 Ek
r 2

q
4 Ek
(R r) 2 ,
n
5
i
i 1


Wp
6
q
q
7 k
r
q
k
R r
8

d
9

n
10 i

i 1

11 A q( 1 2 ) qU

U
12 E
d
q1 q2
13 W k
r
q
14 C
U

8
0 S
15 C
d
n
16 C
i 1
i


n ,

1 1
17
i 1 i
qU CU 2 q 2
18 W
2 2 2C
q
19
S


q
1 I
t
,
2 I = q0 n S ,

I
3 j
S
U
4 I
R
l
5 R ,
S

6 R = R0 (1 + t )

n
7 R R
i 1
i


n

R
1 1 ,
8
R
i 1 i

U2
9 A IUt I 2 Rt t
R
A U2
10 P IU I 2 R
t R
11 Q I Rt
2
-

9
12 Aq
()

13 I

Rr

14 I
n n

R nr

I

15 r n
R
n
16 m kIt


M max Fmax
1
IS I l
2 F IBl sin
3 F q B sin
m = qBR ,
4

5 BS cos


1
i
t

,
2 LI
,
3 m = m ,

4
is
t
L
I
t

5 Bl sin
,
6 q= ,
R

10


1 q qm sint 0


2 u U m sint 0

i I most 0

3


4 I m qm


5 T 2 LC ( )
Li 2
6 W
2
qm q 2 Li 2 LI m2
2

7
2C 2C 2 2
I
I m
2
Um
U
2
L L
1



Z R 2 ( X L X C )2
U
I
Z


sin n2 1
1 -
sin n1 2
c
2 n -

1 1 1
3 -
F f d

11
1
4 D -
F
H f
5 -
h d

6 = ( 2k + 1 ) -
2
7 = k -
-
8 d sin k


1 2

1
1 1 22
c
,
2
2 l l0 1 2
c
0

3 2 ,
1 2

c
m0
m
4 2
1
c2
5 mc2

,
1 E h
h
2 mc
c
m 2
3 h A
2
c
4 h min h

m 2
5 eU
2
12
6 h En Em 2-
h
7 -
m
t

8 N N0 2 T

9 Zm p Nmn M
10 Mc 2 -


2
g 9,81 /


G 6,6710-11 /2


R 8,31 /()


( NA 6,021023 -1
)

k 1,3810-23 /


.. 1,6610-27


me 9,110-31 = 5,48610-4 ...

mp 1,6710-27 = 1,007227 ...
mn 1,6810-27 = 1,007825 ...
e -1,610-19


0 8,8510-12 /
h 6,62610-34

c 3108 /

13


- - - -

1015 10-1
1012 10-2
109 10-3
106 10-6
103 10-9
102 10-12
101 10-15


a
sin
c
b
cos
c
a
tg
b

2 = a2 + b2
c 2 a 2 b 2 2ab cos

b2
h a2
4

3
ha
2
3
S a2
4

14

1
S bh
2


L 2r

S r 2

S 4r 2

4
V r 3
3

S a b

V S h abh

0 30 45 60 90
1 2 3
sin 0 1
2 2 2
3 2 1
cos 1 0
2 2 2
3
tg 0 1 3 -
3
3
ctg - 3 1 0
3

15
16

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