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The Electricity Park

Ohms law & Wiens Law

By

Win

Pooh

Baifern

Toey

Mint

Kim

1107

Abstract
The project electricity park was conducted to demonstrate and verify both ohms Law

and Wiens Law. Moreover, This project also show how the different value of R ( Resistor )

affects the amount of electric current. The physic knowledge is required to conduct the

electricity park. In the electricity park, a lamp and a dimmer are main things in the project to

complete the objective of the project. When adjusting the dimmer of the lamp, the brightness

of light will be difference. With this in mind, when Ohms law is involved in the project, a

relationship between R and I will be demonstrated in the project too. When the the color of

light different, due to the exerted heat in the lamp, show that Wiens law is also involve in the

project.

Objective
- To demonstrate and verify Ohms law and Weins law

- To test whether adjusting the amount of resistance affect the amount of electric

current or not.

Introduction

Electricity can be simplified to the flow of electric charge (Bellis, 2016). It can be

seen in almost everything nowadays: cell phones, computers, lights, and etc. In order to make
electronic appliances perform its work, electrical circuit is needed. Every single electronic

current in any devices has a resistance, a property of a component to restricts the flow, in it.

Each of electronic appliances has its own specific voltage requirement to start working.

Voltage, in theory, is difference in amount of electric current transferred from one to another

place, in another word is potential difference. Their relationship can be seen in something

called Ohms law. Moreover, the concentration of light also proves Wiens law.

Ohms law, in form of V = IR, stated that at a stable temperature, current 'I' through a

conductor at one distant is directly proportional to voltage 'V', across the two points.

Conversely, the ratio V : I is constant. This constant is said to be the resistance (R) of the

conductor (Ohm's Law, n.d.).

Wiens law stated that objects of different temperature emit spectra that peak at

different wavelengths (Wiens Law, n.d.).

The purposes of this experiment are to demonstrate and verify Ohms law whether adjusting

amount of resistance will affect amount of electric current or not and also to present Wien's law that

says the color of light depends on amount of heat created.

Materials and Methods


Dimmer Balloon
Electric wires Light bulbs

Wood board A wood


Switch Plug


Lamps
Cutter

Gule Yarn

!
Water colour Drill Saw
!

Procedure

For a lamp

1. Prepare a wire and then tear a middle part apart to make two wires.

2. Cut one of the wires at the center. Then peel plastic and use only 3 cm of copper

inside the wire

3. Combine a switch those wires by using copper then screw the knot.

4. Repeat step 2 with another wire

5. Put the copper of second wire inside the dimmer then screw the knot.

6. Cover the copper and the dimmer with tape and make sure that it is completely stick.

7. At the both end of the wires, peel the cover out and combine one ending with plug.

8. At another ending of the wire, peel the plastic out and stick the copper inside into a

lamp.

9. Hide the remaining wire inside the wooden box.

10. Stack the lamp above the wooden box.

11. Screw the lamp together with the box in order to make it stay attached.

12. Drill a hole on the wooden box letting the dimmer and switch expose to outside.

13. Put a light bulb on top of the lamp


14. Stick the exposed dimmer, switch, and lamp on the wood broad

For decoration

1. Blow a balloon

2. Mix water with glue

3. Put the yarn into the mixed glue in order to make it able to attach with the balloon

4. Wrap balloon with the yarn

5. Wait for the glue of a yarn to dry out and stick

6. Use a hair dryer to speed up the process

7. After the yarn dry, pop the balloon so that it left the yarn with balloon shape

8. Use the dry yarn to cover a lamp

9. Use the wire to make a french for decoration

10. Use oasis to make a grass field as a texture


Discussion of design

First, we decided to make a base of a lamp in square shape to place the light bulb. For

the lamp, we decided to make it out of a yarn because it is easy to find and to do. To add on,

it also make a sparkle effect out of the lamp too. As a first step of making the lamp, we blew

a balloon and mix water with glue. Then, we dip a yarn into that mixed water to make it able

to attach to the balloon. We then use it to wrap around the balloon and wait until it dry or

stick together. After the yarn dried, pop the balloon. You will get the yarn that is in a shape of

balloon. This yarn is used to cover the light bulb as a lamp.

Later we chose to make the park and make the lamp to be the signature of the park.

We get this inspiration from Cloud Gate or The bean. We decorated the park with ice-cream

stick to making a fence and wrap the string light around the fence for decoration. Then, use

oasis to make grass field as a texture to make the park look more beautiful.

The step of making the lamp, first prepare a wire and tear a middle part apart to make

two wires. Next, cut one of the wires at the center. Then peel plastic and use only 3 cm of

copper inside the wire. Third, combine a switch those wires by using copper then screw the

knot. Repeat step 2 with another wire. Forth, put the copper of second wire inside the dimmer

then screw the knot. Fifth, Cover the copper and the dimmer with tape and make sure that it

is completely stick. At the both end of the wires, peel the cover out and combine one ending

with plug. At another ending of the wire, peel the plastic out and stick the copper inside into a

lamp in order to hide the remaining wire inside the wooden box. Moreover, stack the lamp

above the wooden box and screw the lamp together with the box in order to make it stay

attached. Then, drill the hole to letting the dimmer and switch expose outside and put the
light bulb on top of the lamp. Last, stick the exposed dimmer, switch, and lamp on the wood

broad.

Data Result
Ohms law: V = IR

V = 250 volt

I=?A

R = 10, 25, 50, 75, 100 !

V 220 220 220 220 220


(the electric
potential) :
Volt (V)

I V = IR V = IR V = IR V = IR V = IR
(the current 220 = (x)(10) 220 = (x)(25) 220 = (x)(50) 220 = (x)(75) 220 = (x)(100)
in a circuit) :
Amperes (A) I = 22 A I = 8.8 A I = 4.4 A I = 2.93 A I = 2.2 A

R 10 25 50 75 100
(Resistance) :
Ohm (! )

Results
The electric potential(V) is constant at 220 volt, while the values of a current in a

circuit(I) are changed based on the values of resistance(R). The currents in a circuit(I) are 22,

8.8, 4.4, 2.93, and 2.2 A when the resistances are 10, 25, 50,75, and 100 ! , respectively.

As the results from the data,showing that the current in a circuit(I) is inversely

proportional to the resistance(R) because the values of the current decrease as the resistance

values increase.
Discussion
According to Ohms law, V=IR, the resistance(R) is directly proportional to the

electric potential(V) and inversely proportional to the current in a circuit(I). This means the

more the resistances increase, the less the currents in a circuit decrease, but the electric

potential is constant.

The black body is the subject that will absorb all the radiation without reflecting and

passing through. Wien's law states that the black body changes the color depend on the

wavelength which causes the amount of temperature. If the length of radiation is long, which

means it is hot, so the color of the body will changes to red. If the heat increases, hotter,

which means the wavelength will be shorter or have more frequency, so the color of the body

will change into dark blue or purple. Therefore, the wavelength is inversely proportional to

the temperature. This relates to the electric circuit project because Wiens law explains the

reason why color of the light turns bright after increasing heat.
Conclusion

As a result, it can be concluded that adjusting the amount of resistance affects the

amount of electric current in the system by inversely proportional according to Ohms law.

Moreover, this experiment shows that the amount of heat effect color of the light according to

Wien's law.
Future Consideration
Here is the suggestion for the future consideration, there are a lot of mistakes in this

experiment such as we were not prepare enough for the first time that we make our lamp. As

a result we waste time with nothing finished. So, buying an extra amount of materials is

better because when some materials run out we dont have to wait and can continue making

the lamp. We shouldnt try to adjust the dimmer a lot and quickly change the value of R

(resistors) because maybe it can cause the light bulb to explode. When conducting the

electricity, we need to be careful in order to avoid short circuit and to make ourselves be safe.
References

Bellis, M. (2016). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-


electricity-4019643
Ohms Law. (n.d.). Retreived from : http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/circuits/
Lesson-3/Ohm-s-Law
Wiens Law. (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://www.astro.cornell.edu/academics/courses/astro201/wiens_law.htm