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. . , . .

(, )
polevikov@bsu.by, lavrovaolga@mail.ru

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( 10-20 ) -
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[1]. [2]
. , -
-

.
-
-
. -
C = C0 ( 1),
(-
2) -
( 3). 13

[3].
.
-
-
. 1 -

. 2 -
1
.
3 -
-
.
-
. -
,
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-
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13 -

(r, z).
1. -
= 1 2 = 1 2 , 1
, 2 . -
, H = ,
H , . [3]

((r, z, C, ||)) = 0, , (1)


8
>
< M (C, ||)
1+ 1 ,
(r, z, C, ||) = > || (2)
:
1 2 .
-
.
C = C(r, z) , H = || -
,
C Ms C
M (C, H) = Ms L(He ), He = H + L(H) (3)
C0 3 C0
-
[4]. Ms , C0
, L(t) = coth (t)
1/t - , = 3L /Ms ,
L .

" #

[] = 0, = 0 , (4)
n
2
[] .


= 0 N = {(r, z) | r = 0}, (5)
n

= D D = \ N . (6)

-
(1)(6) -

.
2. -
-
-

1 [2]
8
>
>
C + i = 0,
< t 2 2 !
> 2C(4 C) (C G(, C))
>
: i = D 1 + C C + DCL()()
(1 C)4 C 2
(7)
i , D = D0 K(C) -
, D0 , -
, K(C) -

K(C) = (1 6.55C).
4 2 (1 + 0.042 ) (1 + 1.28972C + 0.72543C 2 )
G(, C) =
3 (1 + 0.3082 C) (1 + 0.83333C)
-
, -

; = He . (7) ,
-
.
i = 0,
i n = 0
3
[2]
3C (C 2 G(, C)) sinh ()
ln C + = ln () + cc , () = . (8)
(1 C)3 C
cc -

Z Z
C(r, z)rdrdz = C0 rdrdz. (9)
1 1

2 -
(8)
(9) -
cc .
3. -
, -
-
[3]
!
0 Hn 2
K + p0 = p + M (C, H) . (10)
2 H
, K -
, p0 , p , 0
Hn
. -
, . [3]

ZH ! ZH
M
p = gez + 0 M H 0 C dH + 0 M dH ,
0
C H 0

, g -
ez = (0, 0, 1).
ZH !
M
p = gz + 0 C dH + cf (11)
0
C H

cf . (11)
(10)
K = gz + f (C, H) + cf , (12)

ZH ! !2
M 0 Hn
f (C, H) = 0 C dH + M (C, H) . (13)
0
C H 2 H
4


= {(r, z) | r = R(s), z = Z(s), s = [0, `]}.
, [5],
(12) R(s) Z(s)
(0, 1)
00 = Z 0 F,
R Z 00 = R
0F 0 < s < 1; (14)
Z 0 g 2 `
F = + ` Z f (C, H) + cf . (15)
R
s) = R(s)/`, Z(
R( s) = Z(s)/` s = s/`. , -
(14)(15)
.
s = 0 s = 1
cf `
(14), . [5].
3 -
-
-
2- (14).
. --
, -

(-
).
, . [6].

. 2 -
C = C0 .
( 1). 1
3 -
(3) He = H = H,

((r, z, ||)) = 0, ,
8
>
< M (||)
1+ 1 ,
(r, z, ||) = > ||
:
1 2 ,
5
M (H) = Ms L().
3 (13) f
ZH !2
0 Hn
f (H) = 0 M (H)dH + M (H) ,
0
2 H

!2
0 Ms2 2 Hn
f (H) = ln () + L() .
2 3 H
-
-
[2]. -
-
( 2).
(8)
ln C = ln () + cc ,
-
(8) He = H, = H.
2 [1]
Z Z
C(H) = C0 cc (), cc = rdrdz/ ()rdrdz. (16)
1 1

1 3 (16)

((r, z, ||)) = 0, ,
8
< 1 + M (||)
>
1 ,
(r, z, ||) = > ||
:
1 2 ,
M (H) = Ms cc ()L().
3 (16) f
ZH !2
0 Hn
f (H) = 0 M (H)dH + M (H) ,
0
2 H
[7]
!2
0 Ms2 2 Hn
f (H) = cc (() 1) + cc ()L() .
2 3 H
6
-
( 3)
(1)(6), (8)(9) (14)(15) -
.
. -
. -
-
, .
(1)(6)
- -
. -
(8) -
.
-
(14)(15)
.

R(s), Z(s), -
.
(1)(6) -
. -
- .
- -
[8].
.

Z
(r, z, C, |kh |)k+1
h vh rdrdz = 0, k = 0, 1, 2, . . .

vh - . -
-
.
(1)(6) 1 -
- -
Hh = |h |, H1 , . . . , HM
T1 , . . . , TM . 2 -
(8)-(9) - Ch
cc Hh .
7
C1 , . . . , CM cc
8
>
> 3 C i (C 2 G(, C))
>
< ln Ci + C |C=Ci = ln (i ) + cc , i = 1, M ,
(1 Ci )3
>
> M
P M
P
>
: i Ci = C0 i ,
i=1 i=1
(11)
Ms Ci R
i = (Hi + 3 C0 L(Hi )),
i = Ti rdrdz. (11)
(. [8] ).
(14) -
, R(s), Z(s), -
-
[8].
, -
(. [5]).
.

g = (0, g)
H0 = (0, H0 ) [3]. , -
H , -

.
.
, 1
z < 0, 2
z > 0, - z = 0.
-
, r -
, -
1 [3]. -
= (0, a)(5a, 5a)
z = 5a -
.
(. [8]). -
160 .
1 2.56 105 , 2 1.28 105 , 3 - 320.
-
, . 1 -
-
. 2
8
, , -
.
3 -
. [1012] -

1. -
2 [7],
3 [8].
EMG 901 (Ferrotec) -
L = 2.2, = 1406 /3 , = 0.025 /2 , Ms = 48 / [9].
C0 0.235, = L /(8C0 ) 1.173.
-
H (-
), -
, . .
. 1
,
[3],
13.
1 EMG 901 /.
1 2 3
6.24 - -
6.25 0.01 6.25 0.01 5.76 0.01


1. -
. , -
2, -
1. ,
-
. 3
8%. -
,

, , -
, .
1 -
, , 13. -

9
20% 2 100% 3.
, -
, .
1 -
3.
a < z < Z(0). C/C0 1.08
, C/C0 0.997
.

3
1.07

2
z/a

1.03

0
C/C = 1.01
0

0.999 0.999

1 1.001 1.001 1

-1
-1 0 r/a 1

1
1, 2 3. 3

1.2.8 -
2011-2015 .


[1] Polevikov V., Tobiska L. On the solution of the steady-state diffusion problem for ferromagnetic
particles in a magnetic fluid // Mathematical Modelling and Analysis. 2008. Vol. 13, no. 2.
P. 233240.

[2] Pshenichnikov A. F., Elfimova E. A., Ivanov A. O. Magnetophoresis, sedimentation, and diffusion
of particles in concentrated magnetic fluids // Journal of Chemical Physics. 2011. Vol. 134.
P. 184508.

[3] . . .: , 1989.

10
[4] Ivanov A.O., Kuznetsova O.B. Magnetic properties of dense ferrofluids: An influence of
interparticle correlations // Physical Review E. 2001. Vol. 64. P. 041405.
[5] Polevikov V K. Methods for numerical modeling of two-dimensional capillary surfaces // Comput.
Methods in Applied Math. 2004. Vol. 4, no. 1. P. 6693.
[6] Berkovsky B., Medvedev V., Krakov, M. Magnetic fluids: engineering applications // Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 1993.
[7] Lavrova O., Polevikov V., and Tobiska L. Numerical study of the Rosensweig instability in a
magnetic fluid subject to diffusion of magnetic particles // Mathematical Modelling and Analysis.
2010. Vol. 15, no. 2. P. 223233.
[8] Lavrova O., Polevikov V., Tobiska L. Numerical Study of Diffusion of Interacting Particles in
a Magnetic Fluid Layer. In: Numerical Modelling (Ed. Peep Miidla), InTech, 2012. Available
from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/numerical-modelling/numerical-study-of-diffusion-of-
interacting-particles-in-a-ferrofluid-layer.
[9] Richter R., Barashenkov I. Two-dimensional solitons on the surface of magnetic fluids // Physical
Review Letters, 2005. Vol. 94. P. 184503184506.
[10] Bashtovoi V.G., Lavrova O.A., Polevikov V.K., Tobiska L. Computer modeling of the instability
of a horizontal magnetic-fluid layer in a uniform magnetic field // Journal of Magnetism and
Magnetic Materials. 2002. Vol. 252. P. 299301.
[11] Lavrova O., Matthies G., Mitkova T., Polevikov V., Tobiska L. Finite element methods for coupled
problems in ferrohydrodynamics. In: Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering
(Ed. Bansch E.), Springer-Verlag. 2003. Vol. 35. P. 160183.
[12] Lavrova O., Matthies G., Tobiska L. Numerical study of soliton-like surface configurations on a
magnetic fluid layer in the Rosensweig instability // Communications in Nonlinear Science and
Numerical Simulation. 2008. Vol. 13. P. 13021310.

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