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How to create a 3D HorizonCube?

(Model Driven)

Version: 4.4
Farrukh Qayyum
support@opendtect.org
Outline

Introduction

Required data

Workflow
Create HorizonCube
Introduction

This presentation will guide you through the workflow to


create a model driven 3D HorizonCube in OpendTect 4.4. It
is arranged as follow:

What is a model driven HorizonCube?

In which cases it is used?

Create a model driven HorizonCube


Introduction

What is a model driven HorizonCube?

A model driven HorizonCube is a dense set of automated seismic horizons,


which are interpolated between the input horizons without using the seismic data.

Input horizons

Automated horizons
Introduction

The linear interpolation model is also known as stratal slicing or


propotional slicing.

The method has become quite popular because it is a fast and


robust method to understand subsurface geomorphology. Not only
this, people also use this type of model to build a low frequency
model for deterministic seismic inversion.
Introduction

The parallel to upper model is used in a situation in which the


seismic reflectors appear parallel to the top horizon.

This is a kind of onlap model which fits a wedge shaped structure


with layers onlapping the base horizon.

Parallel to upper
Introduction

The parallel to lower model is suitable for an angular unconformity


situation.

You may use such a model in case of truncations that are inclined
but parallel to the lower horizon.

Parallel to lower
Introduction

What are the cases in which the model driven HorizonCube should be used?

Parallel Reflections:

A classic example of a model driven approach is the parallel seismic reflections


with no or little geometrical variations (see below).
Introduction

What are the cases in which the model driven HorizonCube should be used?

Angular unconformity with parallel reflections:

This is another case in which the model driven approach would help.

North Sea (Cretaceous Interval)


Introduction

What are the cases in which the model driven HorizonCube should be used?

Very noisy/Choatic intervals:

It is impossible to apply data driven approach in the polygonal faulted regions,


chaotic intervals, and noisy layers. Therefore, you should try to use model driven
approach.

North Sea (Mid Miocene Uconformity)


Introduction

Required data

Workflow
Create HorizonCube
Required Data

Model driven HorizonCube is very simple. You


only need interpretations i.e.

1.Horizons (minimum 2)

2.Faults (optional)
Introduction

Required data

Workflow
Create HorizonCube
Workflow
Create a Model Driven HorizonCube

Launch HorizonCube Control Center

Tip: You may leave this dialog open somewhere on


your screen.
Workflow
Create a Model Driven HorizonCube

Select the bounding Horizons between which the


HorizonCube will be created.
Workflow
Create a Model Driven HorizonCube

Select the Calculation Mode

Choose a right model driven option for


a specific package e.g.

Propotional
Parallet to upper
Parallet to lower
Workflow
Create a Model Driven HorizonCube

Settings:

Model driven mode requires only one


parameter i.e. The spacing between
the two horizons.

Tip: use the default.


Workflow
Create a Model Driven HorizonCube

1. Select Faults:

Model driven HorizonCube can be


created with given faults. It
auotmatically computes the fault throw
using the given horizons and
interpolates the throw relatively.

2. Provide Output name

3. Press Go
Workflow
Create a Model Driven HorizonCube

Once the batch processing prompts


Finished batch processing, you can
display the model driven
HorizonCube in the Scene.
Workflow
Display Model Driven HorizonCube

Step 1

Step 2
Optional
Create Wheeler Cube

Use the model driven HorizonCube to


visualize seismic attributes. For this you will
need to create a Wheeler Cube (Flattened
Volume).
Optional
Create Wheeler Cube

Select the input HorizonCube (e.g. model driven)


Select the stored seismic attribute (e.g. similarity, dip,
curvature).
Write the Output Wheeler cube name.
Proceed
Optional
Visualization: Create a Wheeler Scene

Time Domain Wheeler Domain


Optional
Visualization: Create a Wheeler Scene

Display a volume in the Wheeler domain tree. You may used the RGT
data that you just created or use any stored volume/attribute. The later
will be slow because of time domain to wheeler domain transformation.
Optional
Visualization: Create a Wheeler Scene

Watch the video tutorial on Stratal Slicing.


http://www.opendtect.org/tutorials/SSIS_stratal_slicing/
Thank You!

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