fvhich AO takee with the vertical agon and a regular dee AN V/ respectivel fot then 7? a=. Use Tables nit B, © of two roils AB, AC are na.sis, Fo. 206 5 Biroiched lati sting AB~2 fty © 5. InFig.816,0 sth centreofaczele cus Sein, and 00= 55 italy BC ie 1 0 in. throug Calculate te radius of a cirle which touches thie ele at AaB Beak th ra be opened Ariaass an addional 4 iGinches in the string? ‘passes through C.12 TRIGONOMETRY 4, Whats to hehe of pie iboats of ashe? 5, In AARC, -ABO=89", LACB~65",BO=5em, Cy sadius of the circle, escribed to BC. “Nota cm, 1oUse above sexleve, Rm. 1. A rectangular block rests, with one edge th [APTER XIII. eta Seals Snr ot cat Soa ah A ee y relations between the ratios of a single angle A & din Port I. from the definitions and Pytha- for acute angles. ‘Tho extended definitions in that they hold for angles of any magnitude. sin A op g 0088 Ea} fan A=S2s cot AS ge tae Pe ee Ho, 30, HPA FoF). Find the height of C above the ground and the distance 3 © f E seoA=1 +tantA. .. Yorticl plane throagh the axis ofthe oyindes, Pace eae eee Giucee om en ‘these formulae, expressions involving the ratios 8, AB is a diameter and AC in achord of ai ee uate 4. In Fig. 321, AE is perpendicular to BO; AGTH GAB O Rxprem the rive of the cielo 0% 5A pyramid as » aque base with 4 equal ipvcte ingles fr fae Drove that it eal ot these face ale an angie of 45° th te ba tae cosine of tho vertical ana ofeach instelas ange wll be jab int Eh ange hebweenm pair of tuanguat faces wl be 0194 ‘TRIGONOMETRY (TIES INVOLVING SINGLE ANGLES 195 Ezanple II, Prove that fo terms of sa oly (see A—cos A) (cosec A—sin A) —. fi ae Lea e (ee Acos A) (coe Asin A) (yemacara; — (w)anAscra: f sin A)(cos A-+sin A). in term of e08 A only: (i) tata Ail) ses (¥) cosee Acot As (vi) en#A ~ cost. ‘in terms of tan A only : (Gi) sinta (fi 990A case A Sah waka ror in erm of ones A only Bak goeh she 7 TL tax'Ay (i) cond cot, , Left side=Right side. Nota. () 1s my happen that tho cat way of two expressions equal is to simplify each, as in Example Tp If 80, simplify ench separately, as above. Never start by saying thay san equal and sedanag bon es toques Tal ‘means “is equal to"; it does not mean ra equal to.” (i) It is usually best to write both exppéssions in tarms of sines and cosines; sometimes, however, it is possible th exp ‘them in terms of tangents only. | 4 following identiticn: IA=L=1-2sintA. 82. (sin J+c0s 0}*=1-+2sin Boos6, sxenewe x cheat, 4 exeoAn Ona htt, Aiece pact. ae BrA-atk we danonnn poy, few ata ome, 1, ig 2 -g ocean ty, a SEE eset th 10. tan 0. co 2® — cost. I cos'B —sintA sin? 1 —sin’A —sin'B. = Ard sin Alt +(4.0s A-3 sin A)196 TRIGONOMETRY cot cond “coco 0-1" Train d=? 8 48. (1-008 A)(1 +500 A)=sin A. tan A Lsin 0, 100 cond Tein 9 Oe- 49, (1+ sin 6 + e084} =2(1 + in (1 +0080), 60, cosfA-4eintA =1~3 sin'A cos. 3D, (L-+ seca tant. + tan? sin) (1+ st tan") (1 4+-tan’. sin). 82, (tan -conee 6-2 cosee 6=(cot 0 ~aee 0 —2 seo 58. 162 tant6 +8 980 =8, find ‘The trigonometrical ratios of an_angle 6° ag , on p. 99, for values of 8 from 0 to 360, Din terms of apply without any modification to angles of 55, TE 1800s +8 at . positive or negative. 58, If acot?9 +B cose, express con @ in terms of @, 2, e } 17, Find an equation connecting 2 y independent of 0, i ()2=8005 0, yodsin 8; (2h a00 0, yd tan sin sin $, ==rcos0, prory/d / 206. CHAPTER XIV. ‘THE GENERAL ANGLE. 58 Bliminate 0 from the equations: ——_/ Gun D¢boobnp; cor0—baih Omg 00, If (eco +1)(000 B+ 1)(00 +1) equals | | (eon-iiie Binet, pint © draw line OX ino xed ent, end and if al the angles ar acto, prov that each expresion equals fs defining the standard direction. eo ‘ine rotates about O from the postion OR i new postion OP or 0 then the new position aly on the amount of rotation, but its direction. Eton of rotation is ent-clockise (Rig. $22), then we age X0P, so described, is postive; ifthe direction ‘heli (Fig, 329), then we say that the angle ed, is negative. ‘Thus in Fig. 922, -XOP= +0°, $88, .XOQ~ - 4°, 8 and being postive numbers ‘a Tbe noted that ‘a conventional distinetion ‘and negative rotations, but we are already st198 TRIGONOMETRY ‘THE GENERAL ANGLE 199 bound to choose the anticlockwise direction as thy irection, for in provious work the OY axis has beer £00 ahcnd of the OX axis inthis dizection. The amount of rotation need not be ess than #9. in Fig, 522, the rotating line OA conld reach OP ‘after tuming through 6° or (360°+0°) or (T20° to : 4 to mest the circle, contre 0, radius OA, agsin a ntly the triangles ONG, ONG’ are congruent and, 4x0’ =(++4%), the rotation from OX to OQ" anti-clockwise direction. : coordinates of @ and Q' are equal, in exch ose, 1 revolatigg the cr through (~ 360° +0") or (~720°+6%), ete, 1. ey {nates of Q and Q' are equal in magnitude and. pees by ued the Sees enon of the mati as = po ee ws (p80) given in Chapter VIL, wo see that e fom the definitions (p. 6 =in (960° +6") <4") = —sin (6°); €08 (—#°) -005 (4°); sin (~ 900°+0°)=sin (-720°40")=..., tan (~#°) = ~tan (#")- and similarly for the other ratios. ‘roader should draw figures for himself to show In fact the addition or subtraction of any multiple of gap cases possible, that is when 0@ lies in the Ist does not alter te valce of any ratio of an angle. ‘hen 0@ lies in the Srd quadrant. He should propertios ofthe angle are, of course, altered Dove argument appios equally wall to these cases, If th angle i moavured in radians and i , this staten result is thorofore tru fr all values of 4. takes the following form : Sime=sin («+2n7); cosa—cos(a+2nm); tana=tan (a+; where nin any integer, postive or negative. Ratios of (-#"). “Yo. wo. Fig. 327 represent two possible positions of the S OP, where LXOP—9", and 0@ is drawn in each Fe. Tr. - of OF, so that £x0@ = 6° +90". Figures 324 and 925 reprosent the positions of the bouning in both figures by clementary guometry that line 09, where 2X0Q=(—¢°). Draw QN perpendicular 0% Mi ciscn oan