Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 96

I

(1)

..

..
2011
2

(1)

..

. ..
2011 .

3
..
.
I. (1).
. .

, .
. .. , 2011. 38 .

,
,
-

.. ( ,
. . ). ,

.
, ,
. , *,
, ,
,
,
.

.
.

1.1. :
x(t) = 8t 2t2.
6 ,
. x(t), s(t), vx(t).

1.2. :
x(t) = 3 - 4t + t2.
4 ,
. x(t), s(t), vx(t).

1.3. S = 60 t = 52 .
,
,
V = 72 /.
.

1.4. L = 3
V = 54 /.
t1 = 25 , t2 = 15 . ,
,

.

1.5.
V1 = 40 /, - V2 = 60 /.
.

5
1.6.
V1 = 60 /,
V2 = 15 /,
- V3 = 45 /.

1.7.

.
.
?
t1 = 5 , t2 = 9 .

1.8. .
,
. .
,
? L.

1.9.
: -
V = 0,5 /, -
. , ,
= 2,5 .

1.10. .
: 1
3 . ,
,
1 ?

6
1.11. 40 5
20 .
,
?

1.12.
? ?

1.13.
2/3 .
?

1.14.
, t = 2
S = 25 ?

1.15. , ,
h.
.
.

1.16. , ,
.
?

1.17. C , U,
Vo (Vo U) .

?
?

?

.

7
1.18.
= 2 /. = 5
.
?

1.19.
10 /. 80
20/
.
.

.
.

1.20.

a.
V,
.
, ,
, .

1.21. .
V1 V2.

L.
?

?

1.22. ,
(, ..) ,
: V = k R , V = k R, ..
?

8
1.23. ,
,
-
,
U.
= 30
?

1.24. L
V. U (U < V).
, ,
V. ,
?

1.25.* C , ,
T.
T.
. C ?

1.26. .
, .
30 .
5 . ,
.

1.27. , ,
. = 1 ,
L = 4 .
, ,
.

1.28. 3 ,
4 .
?

9
1.29.
1 . ,
45 . ,
?

1.30.
n1 = 50 .
n2 = 75 .
?

1.31. ,

h ,

.

, B
S, U.

1.32. ,
,
V = 0,3 /,
V = 1,8 /? ,
L = 240 ?

1.33. ,

, S .
h, U (. 1.31).
?

1.34. . ,
, :
?

10
1.35. . U.
V .
,
, , ,
?

1.36. ,
u.
,
.

1.37.*
. V .
U < V. ,
,
.

1.38.* H = 4
.
t = 10 ,
. ,
= 330 /.

1.39. V = 30 /
.
= 150,
= 60.
?

1.40. ,
,
, .
V.
U
, ?
11
1.41. , ,
V.
U ,
, ,
2 ?

1.42. ,
V1 V2
.

,
V1
V2, .

1.43. 60
V = 20 /. ,
2 , 30 .
, .
90?

1.44.
-
, V = 20 /.
,
-.
, .

1.45.
.
.

,
?
12
1.46. ,

, .

.

1.47.
.
,
.
V,
.
= 30
. ?

1.48. VA.
?

1.49.
.
V.
,
V2.

13
.

1.50. ,
10 /, 20
. ?

1.51.
30 V = 10 /. C
,
t = 2 ?

1.52.
, H = 7,5
.

1.53. c
V = 15 /.
t = 1 ?

1.54. ,
15 /, 60
. ?

1.55. 45
10 /.
30?

1.56. ,
L = 6 , = 45 .
.
,
h = 1,5 ?

14
1.57. ,
V0 = 20 / = 45
,
L = 15 .
?

1.58.
.
,
.

? = H, BC = L.

1.59* ,
L .
H.
?
?

1.60.*
H = 20 V = 14 /,
?

1.61.*
. -

. ?
.

1.62. ,
, = 45
V0 = 10 /.
S = 5 2. ,
.
15
1.63.
,
,
.
T1,
T2. .

.
.

1.64.
1 .

1, 2, 3.

1.65.
V.
:
a) , , C, D
,
)
(),
) ,
V ( ).

( )?
.

16
1.66.

V. R.
B,C,D
, ,
V1.
?

1.67. R
.
Vo, V1.
?
.

1.68. R
V, .

.

1.69. , 1 ,
, 2 ,
5 .
?

1.70. R
V
.

, :
xA (t), yA (t).
t = 0 xA = 0, yA = 2R.

?

17
1.71. ,
,
a.
R. C
,
,
?

1.72.* R

.

a.
V.
,
1, 2, 3, 4.

1.73. r = 2,5
,
d = 4 . = 2
L = 120 .
.

1.74.
R
,
V1 V2.


.

18
1.75.
,
R.

1.76. ,
,
1 R = 20 ,
-
2. 1, -
3 r = 10 ,
.
( 3 O
).
1 3 1 2
. 3
? .

1.77.
L
,
V
,
.
,
, .

19
1.78. L
-
. ,
,

?

1.79.* L
-

.
VA ,
VB.
,
. .

1.80.
,
VB ,
B.
.

1.81.
,

-
,
V1 V2.
, = ,
.

20

2.1. m
.
. F,
. .
2.2. M = 3 103
V = 36 /
R = 60 . C
, ,
, = 15 ?
) .
) .

2.3. ,
. k, m.
.
a.
?

2.4. M1 = 3 M2 = 5 ,
, .
T = 24 . F
M1, ? M2?
) .
) .

2.5.
, F. M, L.
x
.

21
2.6.* M 2L

, .
x .

2.7. ,
, : ,

m M. .

2.8.
.
m1 .

m2. C m1,

?
?

2.9. ,
m,
.

a .
.

,
, ?

22
2.10. , ,
,
m1.

2.11. b.

.
.

2.12. ,
, ,
a.
. ?

2.13. ,
a, .
,
.

2.14. M
.

m,
?

23
2.15.
,
a,
m.

.

?

2.16. M
2
m ,
. -
. .
.

2.17. M

.
m.
.

2.18.
, F1,
,
, F2
. .

2.19. m ,
0 /2.
, .
.

24
2.20.
h, ,
?

2.21. m
, F,
.
F,
? .

2.22.
, ,
= 30o,
R = 100 . C
?
= 0,3.

2.23. .
= 0,1. -
,
?

2.24. ,
m. F,
.

(F) (F).
.

25
2.25.

?
.

2.26. C ,
,
.
.
m
.
?
?

2.27. ,
-
m.
.
.
.

2.28.


m.
,
.

26
2.29.

.

m, ,
, .
.
. .

2.30.
.
.
.

) ?
) ?

2.31.
,

. m, L,
.
.

?

2.32. m

R,
.
,
.
,
, .
27
2.33. ,
,
1. L
m. ,
.

2.34*.

V

L m,
. ,
.
.

2.35*.
V.
L.
m,
MN,
= 60 .
,

.

28
2.36. L = 32 ,
, .
, n = 60 .
,
m = 40 .

2.37. , ,
V. R,
d R. ?

2.39.

.
,
G = 6,67 10-113/( 2),
R = 6370 .

2.40. , ,
150 ,
3,14 107 .

2.41.
, (1 ..
), -
.

, ,
,
.
.

29
2.42. 81 ,
1700 .
,
.
6400 .

2.43.
1 = 5 103 .
h = 12,7 103 ,
2 = 2,6 104 .
.

2.44. 1000

, 30 /.
, ?

2.45. ,
m
.

30

.
.

1.3 = 0,17 /2

1.4. Vmax = 2VL / 2L - (t1 + t2)V = 60 /

1.5. V = 48 /

1.6. V = 40 /
1/2
1.7. t3 = t2 + t2(t2 t1) = 15

1.8. V 2aL

1.9. t = 5 c;

1.10. V = 1 /

1.11. t = 7,5 c

1.12. 1 = 0,0023 c; 2 = 0,00071

1.13. = 27,4

1.14. =1
g 2 8h 2 8h
1.15. Vo = ; t=
2 g g
1.16. S = 28,6

31
2 2
V Vo (Vo U 2 ) o
1.17. L1 = o ; t1 = 2 ; L2 =
2g g 2g
1.18. t 3,4 c

1.19. t 4 c; V = 50 /

.
.

2a 2a
1.20. t = ; s=
3V 3
V1 V2 V2
1.21. dmin = L ; s1 = L V1 V2 2 2
2 2 V1 V2
V1 V2

1.22. V*C = k RBC

1. 23. V = Uctg = U 3

V U
1.24. L1= L
V U
T T
1.25.* V = c o
To T
1.26. U = 5 /

1.27. U = 2 /
tt
1.28. t = 2 1 2 = 24
t1 t 2
1.29. t = 1,5
nn
1.30. no = 2 1 2 = 100
3n1 n2

32
hU
1.31. V =
S sin h cos
V
1.32. = arcos( T ) 53; t = 10
V
h S
1.33. V = U ; tg =
h2 S 2 h

U2 V2
1.35. N =
U
U2 2 gH
1.36. t = 2
g

1.37.* ,
, sin = U/V.

cH
1.38.* V = 584 /.
H 2 c 2t 2
cos( )
1.39. U = V = V 3 = 52 /
cos
V
1.40. U =
cos
V
1.41. U =
cos
2 2
V1 V2 2V1V2 cos V2 V1 cos
1.42. V = ; tg (V1 V) =
sin V1 sin

1.43.* U = V = 20 /; V1 = U/2 = 10 /

1.44. U = V 5 = 44 /

1.45. a g ctg
33
1.46. U = V(sin ctg - cos )

1.47. U = Vctg = V 3

1.48. VB = 2VA

1.49. V1 = 2V V2

1.50. H = 19,6 .

1.51. V = 17 /; L = 17

1.52. V0 = 14 /

1.53. an = 8 /2; a = 5,5 /2.

1.54. h = 34,4 .

1.55. t = 0,2 c
L 2g
1.56. Vo = 10 /.
cos h 2 Ltg
2
Vo
1.57. X = 2L = 10 .
g
H H 2 L2
1.58. = arctg ; Vo2 g
L 2H
2 2 H H2
1.59.* Vo g(H H L ) ; tg = + 1
L L2

34
V
1.60.* tg = 0,577, = 30o
2
V 2 gH
gt 2
1.61.* S = ctg .
2
2
2 SVo sin
1.62. M = = 7
g
gT1T2
1.63. R =
2 2

.
.

1.66. V = 2V V1;
VB = VD = [V2 + (V V1)2]1/2;
1 1
a= (V V1)2; = (V V1).
R R
Vo
1.67. OX = R
Vo V1
1.68. x = V/ .

1.69. x 6,3
2
R
1.71. N = -
2 a
V2
1.72.* 1 = 4 2

1.73. V = 1,6 / ; V = - 0,4 /.

1 1
1.74. V = (V1 + V2); = V1 - V2
2 2R
35
1 1
1.75. V = (V1 + V2); = V1 - V2
2 2R
R r
1.76. =2 = 6.
r
tg
1.77. A = L ; V = Vcos .
tg tg
1
1.78. S= L
4
x x
1.79. VC2 = (1 )2 VB2 + ( ) 2 VA2;
L L
L 1 2 2
x = VC = V A VB
2 2
1.80. VA = VB 1 sin 2 2

1
1.81. VC2 = V12 + V22 + (V12 - V22)cos
2

F mg
2.1. a = (cos + sin ) - g F
m cos sin
mg
a=0 F
cos sin
2.2. a) N 23 H; ) N 33 H

2m( g a )
2.3. t =
ka

2.4. ) F1 = 38,4 H; F2 = 64 H; . ) .

36
L x
2.5. T(x) = F
L
M 2 2
2.6. T(x) = (L x2)
4L
mg 2M ( M m) g 2mMg
2.7. a = ; T= ; N=
2M m 2M m 2M m
m g m2 ( g a ) m m (2 g a)
2.8. A = 1 ; F= 1 2
m1 m2 m1 m2
m(ao g ) Mg M
2.9. A = ; ao ( 1)g.
M m m

2m1 m2 m1 m2
2.10. a2 = g; T=3 g
4m1 m2 4m1 m2

2.11. T = 2m1m2 ( g b) ; ao = (m1- m2) ( g b)


(m1 m2 ) (m1 m2 )
(a g )
2.12. T = Mm
(M m)
a
2.13. tg =
g
M
2.14. a = (1 + )g sin .
m
2.15. ao = sin a2 g 2 ; N = m(g cos + a sin ); a = g tg
M
2.16. = g.
M 2mtg 2
m
2.17. A = g sin cos
M m sin 2
F F1
2.18. = 2 tg
F2 F1

37
1 2h
2.20. t =
sin g (1 ctg tg )

2.21. mg(sin - cos ) F mg(sin + cos )

2 gR 1/2
2.22. V = = 14,5 /.
2
1 4

2.23. A g = 1 /2

M
2.25.
2M m

2.26. F = mgsin cos ; tg

2.27. F = mg cos (sin - cos )

m cos sin
2.28. =
M m cos 2

2.29. = mgsin + m(1 - cos )

tg tg
2.30. ) amin = g ) amin = g
1 tg 1 tg
mg g
2.31. V = gL sin tg ; T = ; min =
cos L
2
g R cos
2.32. 2
sin
g cos R sin 2
2.33. F = m g 2 4
L2 sin 2
V 2 sin 2
2.34.* F = m
L cos 4
38
4mV 2
2.35.* T =
3L
2.36. T = mLn2 = 46 H
1
2.37. T = V2 d2.
4

2.41. L = 2 .. = 3 108.

2.42. V = 7,9 /, V = 1,7 /; = 84 , = 105 .


4 2 h
2.43. g = 2 2/3
10/2
1 (T2 / T1 ) 1
2.44. N 9 103.
2 M3
2.45. Fn = m(g - R cos2 ), g = 2
R3
2
F =m R cos sin

39

1. .
. 3

2. .
. 6

3. . 12

4. .
. 14

5. . 19

6. . 27


29

40

I. (1).
. .

..
-
.
..

2011 .
41
42

I
(2)

..

..
2011
2

(2)

..

. ..
2011 .

3
..
.
I. (2).
. .
.

, .
. .. , 2011. 52 .

,
,
-

.. ( ,
. . ). ,

.
, ,
. , *,
, ,
,
,
.

. .
.

3.1. 800 ,
0,2 /,
200 .
?

3.2. C m, V
,
M . C
?

3.3.
200 20 /.
50
.
, .
?

3.4. m M
L. .
.
Vo,
?
.

3.5. , ,
.
t1 = 0,5 c .

, ,
= 10 .

5
3.6. ,
V = 20 /,
.
V1 = 30 /.
.

3.7. C
h = 19,6 . = 1
,
. S2
,
S1 = 1 ?

3.8. M = 300 ,
, m = 10
. S = 6
, - s = 15 . H = 1 .
.

3.9. m = 300
V1 = 20 /.

V2 = 15 /.
, = 0,05 ?

3.10.
m = 5
5 ,

,
.

?

6
3.11. m = 1 .
( ) t (
) (t) = 30t 5t2.
t1 = 2 t2 = 4 .

3.12. ,
= 10 /.
/2 = 5 /.
.

3.13. , ,
= 1000 /.
2 .
?

3.14. = 15
m = 60 . ,
, V = 1 /
.

3.15.
.
V.
M, m. ,
, . .

3.16.
V1 = 9 /.
V2 = 800 /
.
, 200
.

7
3.17. C 750
, , 60
. ,
30 1 / ?

3.18. -
= 500 m = 10 .
.
V = 5,1 /
-. V
V,
V = 8 /?

3.19. ,
, .
, ,
S = 5 2, V = 8 /.

3.20. S,
V,
.
. ,
?

3.21.
, m = 10 ,
V = 300 /?
n = 300 .

3.22. , ,
, ,
V. , L.

8
3.23. L
.
,
. .
,
?

3.24. m = 70 ,
. L = 5 , M = 280 .
.
,
?

3.25. 1 = 60 2 = 80
, .
,
? = 260 ,
L = 5 . ,
.

3.26. m
.
,
Vo, ,
, : F = ku?

3.27. M,
, n ,
m.
:
V ,
,

?

9
3.28. ,
,
M. , L,
m .
. C
?

3.29.*
1 , = 60
.
. = 0,7.
?

3.30. ,
,
.
. ,
,
, ,
.
?

3.31.


.
,
,
, ,

? m 2
.

10
3.32.*
= 4 -

m1 = 1 .
,
,
m2 = 300 .

?
.

3.33.*
,
, . ,
, .
.
.

3.34.
.
, ,

.
.
?

, , .

4.1. F = 30 ,
m = 3 ,
h = 2,5 a = 5 /2?
.

11
4.2. m
, t h.
?

4.3.
, , , ?
, L.

4.4. M L
, ,
. ,
?

1 2.

4.5.
, 10
2 2 ? ,
.
2 103 /3. (g 10 /2)

4.6. , 40 ,
500 /. ,
?

4.7. m = 200 ,
, t = 1,2
S = 5 . . C
. (g 10 /2)

12
4.8.
1 2.
?

4.9. m = 2
V1 = 33 /.
, = 5
V2 = 25 /.
,
V3 = 35 /? ,
.

4.10.
.
V1 = 80 / V2 = 120 /.
,
(
)? ,
.

4.11. , N1
N2, V1 V2.
,
?

4.12. = 6,
m = 1
V = 72 /,
.
,
?

4.13.
V1 = 20 /.
, .. ,

13
V2 = 30 /.

? ,
.

4.14. ,
1 = 0,005 V1= 50 /,
2 = 0,0025 - V2 = 60 /.
k,
.
k
.

4.15. M
R,
, ,
V. ,
V.

4.16. S
h. C V.
.

4.17.
. ,

?

4.18. m, ,
V
. ,
, mV2/2.
,

V ?
14
4.19. ,
, V = 4 / ,
m = 4 , M = 20 ?

4.20. ,
19,6 /.
,
?

4.21. ,
2 100
?

4.22. 3
20 .
?

4.23. , H S,
.
R.
, ?

4.24. , H = 2
L = 5 , ,
S = 35 .
, .

4.25. ,
V = 2 /,
= 0,8.

? (g 10 /2)

15
4.26. ,
, L
.
? b L.

4.27. ,

X,
,
,
,
= 0,5.
, ,
= 2L = 20 . (g 10 /2)

4.28.
,
.
.
?

4.29. M,
N,
.
.

4.30.

V = 10 /.
h = 2,5

.
.
= 30.
16
.

5.1.
o.
) ,

, ?
)
?
) ?
) ?

5.2. ( m
L)
. ,
.

?

5.3.
, L,
,
?
?
, ?

5.4.
. r1 r2
m 1 m2
.
.
?

17
5.5.* L
.
.
?

5.6. m

,
R.

, ,
?
, - ?

5.7.

,
.
m = 100 .


= 2,6 h = 0,4 .
.

5.8.

.


R.
V = 4 /,
.
= L = 1, = 30,

= 0,2. R.
18
5.9.
R.
?

5.10. m1 m2,
,
.
,

?

5.11. m,
k, .
.
.
F.

?

5.12. m h
k.
,
?
?

5.13. ,
VII = 11,2 /. , V
,
U = 12,2 /
.

19
5.14.
EK. U?
U() = 0.

5.15. ,
R = 8 = 200 ,

.

m = 20 .
,
.

5.16. M

. L
m.
,
-
. ,
.

5.17. L
.
. , ,

. ,
x (x < L/2).

5.18.* L
M
. ,
.
,
?
20
.

6.1.
m1 m2, P1 P2.
. ,
.

6.2. m
. ,
,
.

6.3. h = 5 . ,
k = 36% .
,
?
g = 10 /2.

6.4. = 700 ,
, m = 10 ,
h = 20
. .
g = 10 /2.

6.5. M .
C m
. H.
,
V?
.

6.6. m

.
?

21
6.7. , m1 = 100
m2 = 200 , .
V1 = 1 / V2 = 2 /.
.

6.8. m
M. q
.

6.9.


R.
,
. ,
2.

6.10. = 1 ,
,
. .
,
F = 18 ,
m = 10 , V = 600 /.

6.11. = 10 ,
U = 5 /c.

. m = 10 , V = 500 /.
?

6.12. ,
, .
, .
, m1 = 1 m2 = 2 ,
W = 3 ?

22
6.13. ,
, k. ,
,
x 1 x2.
?

6.14.
m ,
k,
. V
m. .
.
.

6.15. M,
k, h
m .
?

6.16.
-

. ,
= 45,
.

6.17.
, m1 m2 V1 V2.
.

6.18. m1, V,

m2. .
m1 m2, m1 m2, m1 = m2.
23
6.19. m1 m2
V1 V2.
,

.
.

6.20.
m1 = 100 m2 = 300 -
L = 50 .

= 60o .

?

6.21. m,
V,
M
. C
,
.
?

6.22. m,
V, M,
U.
, m.
? ?
, ?

6.23.

, ?

24
6.24.
m,
, -

"" h. ,
. .
?

6.25.
,
m.



,
V.
,
.
,
?

6.26. -
-. -

= 60.
- .
.

6.27.*
m.
?

25
6.28.* m
.

.

?

6.29.
.

.
.
?

6.30. A,
V,


B C. .

6.31. M = 1 ,
V = 1, 5 /,

m = 0,5 .
,
= 0,8? ?

6.32.
L M.
m ,
. ,
.

26

. .

7.1.
m = 1,2
,
1/5 . .

7.2. ,
4 . 10 .

.

7.3. L = 12
, L1 = 3
. ,
,
m = 60 . .

7.4.
.
m1 = 300 , m2 = 340 .
.

7.5. , m1 = 1 , m2 = 5 ,
m3 = 7, m4 = 3 ,
d = 0,2 .
x
?

27
7.6. M
, .
.
,
.

7.7.
R
,
.
?

. .

7.8. m = 20 , ,
, = 120o. .

7.9. ,
, m = 100 .
AB BC,
= 60, A, B C -
.

7.10. L
m.
, R?

28
7.11.
L = 13 m = 25 . ,
.
R = 6 ?

7.12. H
m1 m2
. .
.

7.13.
,
.
m,
.

.

7.14.
= 20 R = 5
.
,
m = 0,5 ?
R/2
O.

7.15. m ,
.
.

29
7.16.
m.
. ,
.
.

7.17. ,
, , ?
= 30o.

7.18.
. C .
(
)?

7.19. , ,
, .

?
r = 1 R = 10 , = 30.

7.20.
, ,
?
.

7.21.
, .
3/4 ,
= 30.
,
?

30
7.22. ,
. ,
, ?

7.23.
( ).
( )
?
( ) L = 3 ,
= 0,5.

h = 60 .

7.24.
, .
.

, ?

7.25.
R R/2

R/2. ,
.
,
.
= 0,2.

7.26.


.
.

, ?
31
7.27.
, ,
, .

.
?

7.28.
M m
,
.
A B,
.
,
( ).
M .

?

7.29.
R =15 . B

L = 40 .


m = 300 .
.
,
.
,
? M = 500 . C,
.

32
7.30.

m1 = 1
m2 = 3 .
m3 -
, -
, -

,
.
?

7.31. ,
h.
M R =
2h
,
, .
.
m
?
= 30.

7.32. r
M ,
.
h (h r)
F, -
, .
. .
= 1 , r = 10 , h = 5 ,
F = 15 , g = 10 /2.

33
.

8.1. ,
h = 2 . ,
S = 200 2. = 0,9 /3.

8.2. ,
10 3 , ,
,
.

8.3. 1
2 ( 1 2). h.
.

8.4.
V = 1 ,
M = 800 ?
,
1 ?
= 1,29 /3, = 8,8 /3,

8.5.
S,
m, ?

8.6. d1 d2
.
, m,
?

8.7. V = 0,5
= 200 . ,
? = 2,5 /3.

34
8.8. m = 400
, .
= 45.

? ,
.

8.9. , m = 4 ,
r = 0,5 .
,
.
?
Al = 2,7 /3.

8.10. ,
,

L.
a
.
, ? .

8.11.
,
.

= 30.
,
?
L, S, .

35
8.12*.
. .
. ,
h,
, .
?
, R,
, M.

8.13. .


, .
,
1 .
,
) 1 ?
) 1 ?
) 1 ?

8.14. U .

H. ,
.
?
S, .

8.15. S = 10 2,
,
h = 1 .
1 = 1 /3 2 = 2 /3.
, , .

?

36
8.16.* L = 108 ,
,
= 30 ,
.
.
,
?

8.16. ?
20 ?

8.17.
.
?
?

8.20. A B
(CO2) (H2).
M1 M2
.
,
K? ,
,
?

8.18. U-
.

.
?
37

9.1.
V .
?

9.2. ,
,
m. M, R.
,
S,
.

9.3.
r
R =
2r,
.
M. ,
.
m.
, ,
. ,
.

9.4. M R ,
m1 m2.
,
, .

38
9.5.
h
. m, r,
.
: 1) ;
2)
;
3)

9.6.
.
, , .
?

9.7.
R,
-
, m,

h V, .
m M ,
.

9.8. , ,
m,
V.
. , L.

9.9.*
.
, ,
?
.

39

. .
.

3.1. V = 4 /.
m
3.2. U= V
M m
3.3. U = 16 /
MgL
3.4. Vo =
( M m) sin 2
2H
3.5. t2 = =4c
gt 1
3.6. V2 = 50 /, = arcos(0,4) .

3.7. S2 = 5

3.8. V = 436 /

3.9. F = 150

3.10. V = 1 /

3.11. = 20 /

3.12. = 3 17 /

3.13. = / 5 = 450 /

m
3.14. U = V = 0,8 /
M m
40
m
3.15. U = Vcos
M m
m
3.16. Ux = V1 - V2 = - 1,5 /
M
3.17. V = 2 /.
M
3.18. V = V + Vo = 8005 /;
M m
m
V = V - Vo = 7999,9 /
M m
3.19. F = SV2 = 32

3.20. F = SV2

3.21. F = mnV = 15 H.
V2
3.22. F = M(g + )
L
L
3.23. X = (1 cos )
2
M
3.24. x = L = 4 .
M m
3.25. X = 0,25 .
mVo
3.26. L =
k
1 1 1
3.27. u1 = mV + ++
M nm M (n 1)m M m
n
u2 = mV ; u1 u2.
M nm
M 2 gL sin
3.28. V =
m cos

41
3.31. ,
m1
(sin - cos ) (sin + cos )
m2
m1 m1
3.32.* ; 0,23 0,25
M m2 M
3.33.* V = gH

3.34. UI UII

, ,

4.1. = 147
h
4.2. A = m(g + 2 )h
t2
MgL
4.3. =
2
MgL
4.4. A = ( 1+ 2)
2
4.5. A = 1,96

4.6. = 1,2

4.7. 5,2

4.9. N = 112

4.10. V = 48 /
N1 N 2
4.11. V = V1V2
N 1V2 N 2V1
4.12. N = 40

42
V1V2
4.13. V = 2 = 24 /
V1 V2
V 2V2
4.14. k = 1 1 = 0,01
V2 V1
4.16. N = VS(gH + V2/2)

4.17. N2 = 8 N1

4.19. = 38,4

4.20. H = 9,8

4.21. = 980

4.22. W = 0,3
3g S 2H
4.23. A = SH2( + )
8 16 2 R 4 2

H
4.24. = = 0,05
L S
V2
4.25. L = 50
g
4.26. V 2 gL
5 gL
4.27. Vo = o
11 /
2
4.28. 1 = 4
2N
4.29. U =
Mg
V2
4.30. = tg 0,6
4 gh

43
.

5.1. xmax = 2xo; Vmax = gx o

5.2. T = 3mg cos

5.3. VI = 5gL , TI = 6 gL;


VII = 2 gL , TII = 5 gL
2 m1 r2 m2 r1
5.4. = 2g(1 - cos ) 2 2
m1r1 m2 r2
g
5.5. = 3
L

5.6. h = 2,5 R; N = 3mg(1 cos )

5.7. A = mg(H 1,5h) = 1,96


2
Vo
5.8. R = - 2L( + tg ) 30
g cos
2
5.9. h = R
3
5.10. F = (m1 + m2)g
3
5.11. F = mg.
2
2k h m2 g 2
5.12. Fmax = mg(1 + 1 ); Vmax = 2 gh
mg k
2
5.13. V() = U 2 VII = 4,84 /

5.14. U = - 2 EK

44
2 gR
5.15. V = m 12 c/
M ( M m)
MgL
5.16. v = 2 sin
M m 2
g
5.17. V = x
L
7
5.18.* F = Mg
9
.

2
g
6.2. W = mg(H - )
8
2kgh
6.3. Vo = = 7,5 /
(1 k )
M m
6.4. V= 2 gh = 140 /
m
1 M
6.5. h= (V - 2 gH )2
2g m
1 m
6.6. q = (3 - )
4 M
m1 m2 (V1 V2 ) 2
6.7. EK = = 0,3
m1 m2 2
M
6.8. q=
M m
8
6.9. = arccos
9
mMV 2
6.10. S= = 10
2( M m) F

45
1
6.11. Q = m(V U)2 = 1225 , m M
2
2Wm2
6.12. V1 = = 2 /; V1 = 1 /
m1 (m1 m2 )
1 1
6.13. 1 = kx1(x1 + x2); 2 = kx2(x1 + x2);
2 2
m
6.14. xmax = V
2k
mg 2kH
6.15. X = 1+ 1
k ( M m) g
6.16. = arctg 3 = 60o

1 m1 m2
6.19. W = (V1 V2)2
2 (m1 m2 )
2
m1
6.20. h = 4L(1 cos ) = 6,25
(m1 m2 ) 2
m m m
6.21. U = V; u = V 1 ; ctg = 1
M M M
6.22. V1 = V + 2U
m
6.24. Vmin = 2 gh(1 )
M
m 2 gHM
6.25. Vmin =
M (m M )
3 1
6.26. EHe = Eo; E = Eo
4 4
m
6.27.* sin max =
M
M m
6.28.* tg = tg
M m
46
1
6.29. = arctg(2tg ); cos2
q=
2
1 2 3
6.30. VA = - Vo; VB = VC = Vo
5 5
MV 2 mV 2 M
6.31. L = = 1,25 ; Q = = 2,5
2 g ( M m) 2 M m
m
6.32. S = 2L
M m

. .

7.1 M = 0,8

7.2. NI1 = NI2 = 98 H; NII1 = 24,5 H, NII2 = 171,5 H


L
7.3. M = m = 120
L 2L1

7.4. m = m1 m2 = 319
7.5. x = - 5
1
7.6. = arctg
3
7.7. x = R/6

. .

7.8. T = 196 H
mg
7.9. TAB = mg ctg = 568 H; T BC = = 1130 H.
sin

47
L R R
7.10. T = mg ; F = mg
L2 2LR L2 2LR
R
7.11. N = mg = 245 H; F = mg = 294 H
L2 4R 2
m1 m2
7.12. tg =
3 ( m1 m2 )
cos 2
7.13. N1 = mg tg ; N2 = mg
cos
2m
7.14. h = R 2,5
M 2 4m 2
mg mg
7.15. T1 = ; T2 =
2 sin 2tg
7.16. F = mg
2
1
7.17. tg 15o = 2 - 3 = 0,27

7.18. tg 15o = 2 - 3 = 0,27


r
7.19. = = 0,2
R sin

7.20. = arcctg2

sin 2
7.21. = 0,5
1 2 sin 2

7.23. N1 = 1,5 N2

7.24. = 0,66
1
7.25. = arcsin
6
48
1
7.26. tg
2
m
7.28. = tg
M
( M m) R
7.29. = arctg = 45o
mL
4m1 m2
7.30. m3 = 3
m1 m2
7.31. m = M
r h h(2r h)
7.32. N = Mg - F F Mg = F
h( 2r h) (r h)
N = 0 F F.
F = 17,3 , F F , N = 1,3 H

8.1. = 3,6

8.2. F = 1,2 10-2 H


( 1)
8.3. x = h
( 2 1)

M
8.4. = 0,14%; M = 1,1
M
m
8.5. x =
oS
4m
8.6. x = 2 2
(d1 d 2 )

8.7. m oV M(1 - o
) = 380

49
mg
8.8. N = ctg = 0,98 H
4
L2
8.9. = 1,58
L1
L ( L 2a )
8.10. x = (L a) 1 - 1
( L a) o
1 2 5 2
8.11. A = oSL g(3 - sin ) = oSL g
8 16
3M
8.12.* = 2
h tg (3R htg )
1
8.14. W = gSH2
4
1
8.15. W = gSh2 2(1 - 1 )2 1,25
4 2

1 2 g cos
8.16.* = 8 c-1
sin L

3
9.1. E = MV2
4
mgS
9.2. V = 2
2m M
m 16 mM 12 mM
9.3. a = g ; T= g; F = g
m 16 M m 16 M m 16 M
m1 m2 a
9.4. a = 2 g; =
2m1 2m2 M R

50
9.5. 1) V = gh ;
1 1
2) a = g sin ; = g sin
2 2r
1
3) F = mg sin
2
m mVh
9.7. U = V ; =2
M MR 2

3m 2V 2
9.8. cos = 1 -
gL (4M 3m)(M m)

9.9. Fmin = Mg( 2 - 1)

51

1. . .
. 3

2. , , . 9

3. . 15

4. . 19

5. .
. 25

6. .
. 26

7. . 32


36


38

52

I. (2).
. .
.

..
-
.
..

2011 .

53
54