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SYNTHESIS OF RESULTS

Figure 1 Most common cultural activities


Main annual indicators on cultural participation
(As a percentage) according to the results of the survey

READING (Read books) 62,2


The results of the survey indicate that the most
Books related to profession or studies
common cultural activities, in annual terms, are
Books not related to profession or studies listening to music, reading and going to the
In paper format cinema, with rates of 87,2%, 62,2% and 54%,
In digital format
respectively.
These activities are followed by the attendance
Accessed via the Internet
to live performances, 43,5%, among them being
LIBRARIES (Went or accessed) 25,6 contemporary music concerts at 24,5%, and the
Go to a library theatre at 23,2%. Less frequently attended are
Access via the Internet concerts of classical music at 8,6%, circus shows at
MUSEUMS, EXHIBITIONS AND ART GALLERIES (Visited) 39,4
7,7%, ballet or dance at 7%, opera at 2,6%, or
operetta at 1,8%.
Museums
Every year 41,4% of the surveyed population
Exhibitions visits monuments, and 16,6% visit archaeological
Art Galleries sites, 42,8% overall. With regard to visits to mu-
MONUMENTS AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES (Visited) 42,8
seums, exhibitions and art galleries, the annual
rate stands at 39,4% of the surveyed population.
Monuments
25,6% of the population surveyed goes to a library
Archaeological sites
or access one online every year. Archives are
ARCHIVES ( Attended or visited) 5,6 visited annually by 5,6% of the surveyed group.
PERFORMING AND MUSICAL ARTS (Attended) 43,5 The survey also investigates active cultural
PERFORMING ARTS (Attended) 29,9
practices, the kind of artistic activities which are
carried out annually by the people surveyed. The
Theatre
main activities are those related to visual arts such
Opera as photography with 28,9% or painting or drawing
Operetta with 13,7%. These are followed by writing with
Ballet or dance 7,8%, those related to the musical arts: 7,8% plays
an instrument and 2,4% sings in a choir, and those
Circus
related to the performing arts: 2,2% for theatre and
MUSICAL ARTS (Attended) 29,2
4,9% for dance or ballet.
Classical music concerts

Contemporary music concerts

CINEMA (Attended) 54,0

0 25 50 75

Figure 2 Figure 3
People who have practiced artistic activities in the last People who have practiced activities in the last month
year (As a percentage)
(As a percentage)

Writing
Painting or drawing
Listen to music
Other plastic arts
Making photos Read periodic publication
Making videos Listen to the radio
Designing web pages
Watch video
Other audiovisual arts
Making theatre Watch TV

Dance, ballet Use video games


Flamenco
Use the computer for leisure reasons
Playing a musical instrument
Use the Internet for leisure reasons
Singing in a choir
Others linked to the music 0 25 50 75 100
Other artistic activities
0 10 20 30

Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices | Synthesis of results 5


SYNTHESIS OF RESULTS

Figure 4 Museums, exhibitions and art galleries


People according to the visits to museums
(As a percentage)

Have
visited in Overall, 39,4% of the surveyed population made a
the last visit to a museum, exhibition or art gallery in the
year
33,2% last year.

33,2% visited a museum in the last year.


Attendance rates are slightly higher in women,
increase significantly with decreasing age and
Have not
increasing educational level.
visited in This is a satisfied audience, with an average
the last
year satisfaction rating of 8,3 points. 92,2% of people
66,8% who visited a museum in the last year did so for
leisure or entertainment, compared to 7,8% who
said that the reason for their visit was professional
Figure 5
People according to the visits to museums in the last or educational.
year by characteristics 53,2% of visits to museums were at weekends
(As a percentage) or public holidays and the rest, 46,8%, on a
weekday. 27,1% of those who visited museums in
TOTAL 33,2
the last year did so in their hometown, 25,3% in
GENDER
their Autonomic Region, 30,4% in the rest of Spain
Men
Women
and 17,3% abroad.
AGE GROUP
Almost half of the visitors to a museum, 49,4%,
15 to 19 years paid the entrance fee at the normal price, while
20 to 24 years 16,2% used a discount or a season ticket and
25 to 34 years 34,4% with free admission.
35 to 44 years Admission during open days represents, in the
45 to 54 years period analyzed, 3% of total admissions of those
55 to 64 years surveyed. Among those who attended through
65 to 74 years paid admission, 7,4% purchased tickets online.
75 years and over As regards activities in the museum, 96,3% go
EDUCATIONAL LEVEL to visit a permanent or temporary exhibition, and
Basic education without diploma or below 14% for some other activity. For the first time we
Basic education with diploma
have investigated the frequency of virtual online
Baccalaureate
tours to museums, which is 6,7% of the population
Intermediate Vocational Training
in the last year.
Advanced Vocational Training
University education
0 25 50 75
Figure 6 Figure 7
People according to the visits to museums in the last People according to the visits to museums in the last
year by type of tickets of the last visit year by type
(As a percentage) (As a percentage)

Tickets with Art museum


some discount or museums
subscription 60
16,2% Archaeological
General museums 40 and history
museums
20
Free entry day
3,0%
0
Specialized Natural history and
FREE museums natural science
ADMISSION museums
34,4%
Others Ethnography and Science and
31,4% Anthropology technology
museums museums

Full price ticket


49,4% Men Women

6 Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices | Synthesis of results


SYNTHESIS OF RESULTS

Figure 8 23,8% of the surveyed population has visited an


People according to the visits to exhibitions exhibition in the last year. With regard to the
(As a percentage)
frequency of attendance, those who visited an
exhibition in the last quarter did so, on average,
Total have 2,1 times each.
visited in
the last 91,8% of people who visited an exhibition in
year the last year did so for leisure or entertainment,
23,8%
compared to 8,2% who said that the reason for
their visit was professional or educational. More
than half of the visits took place at a weekend or
Have not
public holiday, 53,5%, compared to 46,5% that
visited in took place on a weekday.
the last
year The levels of attendance for art galleries are
76,2% much lower than those seen in museums and
exhibitions. 12,7% of the surveyed population has
visited an art gallery in the last year.
91,1% of people who visited an art gallery in
Figure 9
People according to the visits to art galleries the last year did so for leisure or entertainment,
(As a percentage) compared to 8,9% who said that their visit was
professional or educational. Almost half of the
Total have visits took place at a weekend or public holiday,
visited in
the last 49,4%, compared to 50,6% that took place on a
year
12,7% weekday.
In this edition of the survey different questions
related to the art market have been included. The
main results indicate that 1,1% of the population
has attended an auction or art fair in the last year,
0,9% has made some kind of purchase and 0,6%
Have not class themselves as art collectors. In all three cases
visited in
the last slightly higher rates are observed in men.
year
87,3%

Figure 10 Figure 11
People according to the visits to exhibitions in the last People according to the visits to art galleries in the last
year by characteristics year by characteristics
(As a percentage) (As a percentage)

TOTAL 23,8 TOTAL 12,7


GENDER GENDER
Men Men
Women Women
AGE GROUP AGE GROUP
15 to 19 years 15 to 19 years
20 to 24 years 20 to 24 years
25 to 34 years 25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years 35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years 45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years 55 to 64 years
65 to 74 years 65 to 74 years
75 years and over 75 years and over
EDUCATIONAL LEVEL EDUCATIONAL LEVEL
Basic education without diploma or below Basic education without diploma or below
Basic education with diploma Basic education with diploma
Baccalaureate Baccalaureate
Intermediate Vocational Training Intermediate Vocational Training
Advanced Vocational Training Advanced Vocational Training
University education University education
0 20 40 60 0 10 20 30

Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices | Synthesis of results 7


SYNTHESIS OF RESULTS

Figure 12 Monuments and archeological sites


People according to the visits to monuments
(As a percentage)

Total have 41,4% of the population visited a monument in the


visited in last year. These rates are highest among men and
the last
year among those with higher levels of education.
41,4% Those who attended in the last quarter did so with
a high level of frequency, 4,2 times on average.
94% of people who visited a monument in the
last year did so for leisure or entertainment,
compared to 6% who said that the reason for their
Have not visit was professional or educational.
visited in
the last More than half of the visits took place at a
year weekend or public holiday, 55,5%, compared to
58,6%
44,5% that took place on a weekday.
30,5% of the population has a special interest in
Figure 13 archaeological sites. 16,6% visited them in the last
People according to the visits to archeological sites year and 7,3% in the quarter, an average of 2,1
(As a percentage) times.
Total have 92% of people visited a site in the last year for
visited in leisure or entertainment, compared to 8% who
the last
year said that the reason for their visit was professional
16,6% or educational.
More than half of the visits took place at a
weekend or public holiday, 55,5%, compared to
44,5% that took place on a weekday.
Overall, 42,8% of the surveyed population in
the last year made a visit to a monument or
archaeological site.
Have not
visited in
the last
year
83,4%

Figure 14 Figure 15
People according to the visits to monuments in the last People according to the visits to archeological sites in
year by characteristics the last year by characteristics
(As a percentage) (As a percentage)

TOTAL 41,4 TOTAL 16,6


GENDER GENDER
Men Men
Women Women
AGE GROUP AGE GROUP
15 to 19 years 15 to 19 years
20 to 24 years 20 to 24 years
25 to 34 years 25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years 35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years 45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years 55 to 64 years
65 to 74 years 65 to 74 years
75 years and over 75 years and over
EDUCATIONAL LEVEL EDUCATIONAL LEVEL
Basic education without diploma or below Basic education without diploma or below
Basic education with diploma Basic education with diploma
Baccalaureate Baccalaureate
Intermediate Vocational Training Intermediate Vocational Training
Advanced Vocational Training Advanced Vocational Training
University education University education
0 25 50 75 0 15 30 45

8 Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices | Synthesis of results


SYNTHESIS OF RESULTS

Figure 16 Libraries and archives


People according to the attendance or online access to
libraries in the last year
(As a percentage) Every year one in four people, 25,6% of the
Total
surveyed population, goes to a library or accesses
60 one online. The attendance in person is estimated,
in annual terms, at 22,7% compared to 7,9% for
40
online access.
20
Both for the attendance in person and the
online access to a library, employment status, age
0 and educational level are determinants.
With respect to age, in all cases the highest
levels of attendance are found among the
Go to a Online
library access youngest, and the levels registered among students
are particularly high.
Those who went to the library in the last
15 a 24 years 25 a 54 years 55 years and over
quarter attended, on average, 10,4 times each, and
Figure 17 15,9 times for those who accessed them online.
People according to the attendance to libraries in the 89,5% of those who went to the library did so
last year by characteristics from Monday to Thursday, showing a much lower
(As a percentage)
occurrence on Fridays, 5,3%, and at weekends,
TOTAL 22,7 5,2%.
GENDER 61% did not take their own books.
Men
Women
The main reasons for going to a library, among
AGE GROUP those attending each quarter, continue to be to
15 to 19 years
look up information, at 27,4%, or to borrow books
20 to 24 years
25 to 34 years at 24,5%.
35 to 44 years 18,9% of those who go every quarter do so to
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
study and 9,6% go to accompany other people.
65 to 74 years While visiting archives is not one of the most
75 years and over popular activities among the surveyed population,
EDUCATIONAL LEVEL
Basic education without diploma or below
5,6% made such visits in the last year, a figure
Basic education with diploma which rises to 14,1% in the student population.
Baccalaureate
Intermediate Vocational Training
Advanced Vocational Training
University education
0 25 50 75

Figure 18 Figure 19
People according to online access to libraries in the last People according to the visits to archives
year by characteristics (As a percentage)
(As a percentage)

TOTAL 7,9
GENDER Total have
Men visited in
Women the last
AGE GROUP
year
5,6%
15 to 19 years
20 to 24 years
25 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
65 to 74 years
75 years and over
Have not
EDUCATIONAL LEVEL visited in
Basic education without diploma or below the last
Basic education with diploma year
Baccalaureate
94,4%
Intermediate Vocational Training
Advanced Vocational Training
University education
0 10 20 30

Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices | Synthesis of results 9


SYNTHESIS OF RESULTS

Figure 20 Reading
People who have read book last year
(As a percentage)

In the last quarter Between three months and one year 62,2% of the surveyed population reads at least
one book a year, representing an increase of 3,5
TOTAL 62,2 percentage points over 2010-2011. The survey
GENDER
makes the distinction between reading done for
Men
professional or educational reasons and reading
Women

AGE GROUP
for other reasons: leisure or free time.
15 to 19 years
The results show to what extent non-
20 to 24 years
professional reasons are important motives for
25 to 34 years reading, those who read annually for this reason
35 to 44 years being 56% of those surveyed, compared with 29%
45 to 54 years of the population who read for reasons related to
55 to 64 years
their profession or studies. Annual reading rates
65 to 74 years
rise very significantly with increasing educational
75 years and over
level, reaching, among those with a university
PERSONAL SITUATION

Single at home with their parents


education, 91,7% last year and 84,1% in the last
Independent single, divorced, separated or widowed quarter.
(with or without children)
Married or in couple Reading rates are higher in women, 66,5% in
-without children annual terms, compared with 57,6% in men, and
-with children under 18 years they decrease with age and are above average in
-with childen of 18 years or more at home the under-55's. They are very high among single
-living alone (older children)
people living at home with their parents, 77,8%,
Others
and among couples with younger children, 67,9%.
EDUCATIONAL LEVEL

Basic education without diploma or below


For employment status, the highest values were
Basic education with diploma
observed in students, and in the economically
Baccalaureate
active.
Intermediate Vocational Training The survey investigates the format of book
Advanced Vocational Training used by the annual readers: 59% of the total
University education surveyed population uses paper books and 17,7%
0 25 50 75 100
digital books. 5,7% of the population claims to
read books directly online, 6% through a digital
book reader and 1,8% using other mobile media.

Figure 21 Figure 22
People who have read book for non-professional reasons People who have read book last year according to the
last year format
(As a percentage) (As a percentage)

Digital books
In the last three months Between three months and one year 33

TOTAL 56,0
22
GENDER

Men Other fotmats 11 Directly online


Women

AGE GROUP
0

15 to 19 years

20 to 24 years

25 to 34 years

35 to 44 years Other mobile A digital book


media reader
45 to 54 years

55 to 64 years

65 to 74 years 15 to 24 years 25 to 54 years 55 years and over

75 years and over

0 30 60 90

10 Survey of Cultural Habits and Practices | Synthesis of results