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CONFLICT OF LAWS Summer 2017 ATTY. LYSSA G.S. PAGANO CALDE Course Description Conflict of Laws is

CONFLICT OF LAWS

Summer 2017

ATTY. LYSSA G.S. PAGANO CALDE

Course Description

Conflict of Laws is a two (2) unit course and included in the bar examinations under Civil Law. It covers the group of principles that govern the approach taken by courts when the issue involves a foreign element.

Main References

1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines New Civil Code Family Code Revised Penal Code Corporation Code Revised Rules of Court

Course Outline

Part 1: Course Overview and Introduction to Conflict of Laws Part 2: Definition Part 3: Jurisdiction Part 4: Characterization Part 5: Choice of Law Part 6: Personal Law Part 7: Foreign Law Part 8: Foreign Judgments

Part 1: Course Overview and Introduction to Conflict of Laws

Part 2: Definition

  • A. Definition

Read:

G.C. Chesire, Private International Law, 1947 edition. R.C. Minor, Conflict of Laws, 1901

Hilton v. Guyot, 159 U.S. 113 (1895)

  • B. Distinction between Conflict of Laws and Public International Law

  • C. Scope

  • D. Sources

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Part 3:

Jurisdiction

A.

Jurisdiction Over the Person

B.

Jurisdiction Over the Property

C.

Jurisdiction Over the Subject Matter

Read:

Article VIII, Sections 4 and 5 B.P. 129 and R.A. 296 Service of Summons, Revised Rules of Court

 

Jose v. Boyon 414 SCRA 216 Dial Corporation v. Soriano 161 SCRA 737 Villareal v. CA 295 SCRA 511 Banco Espanol v. Palanca 37 Phil. 921 Caluag v. Pecson 82 Phil. 8 International Shoe v. Washington 326 U.S. 310 Pennoyer v. Neff 95 U.S. 714 Philsec Investment v. CA G.R. No.103493 June 19, 1997 Davao Light v. CA 204 SCRA 343 Hongkong v. Sherman 176 SCRA 331 Brasil v. CA 333 SCRA 545 NM Rothschild v. Lepanto 661 SCRA 428 Northwest Orient v. CA 241 SCRA 192

D.

Doctrine of forum non conveniens

Read:

Manila Hotel v. NLRC G.R. No. 120077 October 13, 2000 K.K. Shell v. CA G.R. No. 90306-07 July 30, 1990 First Philippine International Bank v. CA 252 SCRA 259 Heine v. New York Insurance 45 F2d 426 In re: Union Carbide 634 F. Supp. 842 Wing On Company v. Syyap 64 O.G. 8311 Raytheon v. Rouzie 546 SCRA 555 Hasegawa v. Kitamura 538 SCRA 261 Puyat v. Zabarte 352 SCRA 738 Pioneer v. Todaro 524 SCRA 153

Part 4:

Characterization

A.

Single Aspect Method

  • 1. Subject Matter Characterization

Read:

Gibbs v. Government 59 Phil. 293

  • 2. Substance v. Procedure Characterization

  • a. Statute of Frauds

  • b. Statute of Limitations

  • c. Borrowing Statutes

B.

Multi-Aspect Method: Dépeçage

Part 5:

Choice of Law

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  • A. Approaches

1.

Traditional Approach

2.

Modern Approaches

a.

Place of the Most Significant Relationship/Center of Gravity

b.

Interest Analysis

c.

Comparative Impairment

d.

Functional Analysis

e.

Choice Influencing Considerations

  • B. Limits

 

Read:

Manila Resources v. NLRC 213 SCRA 296 Cognovit clause

  • C. Renvoi

Read:

Aznar v. Garcia 117 Phil. 106 Pfau v. Trent 55 NJ 511 Bellis v. Bellis 20 SCRA 359

  • D. Application of Domestic or Internal Law: Read Articles 15,16 and 17 Civil Code

  • E. Application of Foreign Law

1.

Theory of Comity

2.

Vested-Rights Theory

3.

Theory of Local Law

4.

Theory of Harmony of Laws

5.

Theory of Justice

  • F. Exceptions to Application of Foreign Law

Read:

Pakistan v. Ople 190 SCRA 90

  • G. Choice of Law in Family Relations

Read:

Family Code

1.

Extrinsic Validity

2.

Intrinsic Validity

3.

Personal Relations

Read:

Djumantan v. Domingo 240 SCRA 746 Goitia v. Campos Rueda 35 Phil. 252 Arroyo v. Vasquez de Arroyo 42 Phil. 54

4.

Divorce

Read:

Article 26 of the Family Code

Tenchavez v. Escano 15 SCRA 355 Van Dorn v. Romillo 139 SCRA 139 Pilapil v. Ibay-Somera 174 SCRA 653 Quita v. CA 300 SCRA 406 Republic v. Iyoy G.R. No. 15277 September 21, 2005 Llorente v. CA G.R. No. 124371 November 23, 2000 Republic v. Obrecido G.R. No. 154380 October 5, 2005 Garcia v. Recio 366 SCRA 437 Corpuz v. Sto. Tomas G.R. 186571 August 11, 2010

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  • 5. Parental Relations

  • 6. Adoption

Read:

Domestic Adoption Act Inter-Country Adoption

Republic v. CA 227 SCRA 401 Therkelsen v. Republic 12 SCRA 400 Lazatin v. Campos 92 SCRA 250 Republic v. CA and Bobiles G.R. No. 92326 Jan. 24 1992 Republic v. Miller G.R. No. 125937 April 21, 1999

  • H. Choice of Law in Property

    • 1. Nature of the property

    • 2. Capacity to transfer and acquire property Read:

Cheesman v. IAC 193 SCRA 93 Matthews v. Taylor 590 SCRA 394

  • 3. Lex Situs Rule

  • I. Choice of Law in Contracts

    • 1. Extrinsic Validity

    • 2. Intrinsic Validity

      • a. lex loci contractus

Read:

Korea Technologies v. Lerma 542 SCRA 1

  • b. lex loci solutionis

  • c. lex loci intentionis

  • 3. Capacity to enter into contracts

Read:

Insular Government v. Frank 13 Phil. 236

  • 4. Choice of Forum Clause

Read:

Companie de Commerce v. Hamburg 36 Phil. 590

King Mau v. Sycip 94 Phil. 784 Hong Kong v. Sherman 176 SCRA 331

  • 5. Arbitration Clause

Read:

Puromines v. CA 220 SCRA 281

  • 6. Contracts of Adhesion

Read:

Pan Am v. Rapadas 209 SCRA 67

PAL v. CA 255 SCRA 48

  • 7. Contracts of Carriage Read:

American President Lines v. Klepper 110 Phil. 243

Lopez v. Pan Am 16 SCRA 431 KLM v. CA 65 SCRA 237 Sabena v. CA 255 SCRA 38 Santos v. Northwest 210 SCRA 256 United Airlines v. CA 357 SCRA 99 American Airlines v. CA 327 SCRA 482

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  • J. Choice of Law in Succession

    • 1. Extrinsic Validity Read:

In re Estate of Johnson 39 Phil 156

Babcock v. Babcock 52 Phil. 130 Dacanay v. Florendo 87 Phil. 144

  • 2. Intrinsic Validity Read:

Cayetano v. Leonidas 129 SCRA 522\

  • 3. Interpretation of wills

  • 4. Revocation

  • 5. Probate

Read:

Suntay v. Suntay 95 Phil. 500 Perez v. Tolete 232 SCRA 722

  • 6. Administration of Estates Read:

Tayag v. Benguet Consolidated 26 SCRA 242

  • K. Choice of Law in Torts

    • 1. Lex loci delicti commissi Read:

Loucks v. Standards Oil 224 N.Y. 99; N.E. 198

  • 2. Most Significant Relationship Theory Read:

Saudi Arabian Airlines v. CA 297 SCRA 469

  • 3. Interest Analysis

  • 4. Cavers’ Principle of Preference

  • 5. Foreign Tort Claims Read:

Hilao v. Estate of Ferdinand Marcos No. 95-15779 O.C. No. MDL-00840, 1996 Trajano v. Marcos 125 L.Ed. 2d 661, 113 S.Ct. 2959 Guinto v. Marcos 654 Supp.276 (S.D.Cal. 1986)

Time v. Reyes 39 SCRA 303

  • L. Choice of Law in Crimes

    • 1. Lex loci delicti

    • 2. Exceptions to Territorial Rule a. State immunity

Read: US v. Guinto 182 SCRA 644 Garcia v. Chief of Staff 16 SCRA 120 M.H. Wylie v. Rarang 209 SCRA 357

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Liang v. People G.R. No. 125865 (2000) Deutsche v. CA 585 SCRA 150 b. Foreign vessel Article 27 UNCLOS

Read: US v. Fowler 1 Phil. 614 People v. Wong Cheng 46 Phil. 729 US v. Look Chaw 18 Phil. 573

  • c. National interest Article 2 Revised Penal Code

M. Choice of Law for Corporations

  • 1. Incorporation Test Read:

M.E. Gray v. Insular 67 Phil. 139 Marshall Wells v. Elser 46 Phil. 71

  • 2. Exceptions to Incorporation Test Read:

Palting v. San Jose 18 SCRA 924\

  • 3. Domicile of Foreign Corporations Read:

Article 51 New Civil Code Corporation Code

State Investment v. Citibank 203 SCRA 9 Home Insurance v. Easter Shipping 123 SCRA 424 Atlantic Mutual Insurance v. Cebu 17 SCRA 1037 Eastboard v. Juan Ysmael 102 Phil. 1 Leviton Industries v. Salvador 114 SCRA 420 Universal Shipping v. IAC 188 SCRA 170 Philippine Columbia v. Lantin 39 SCRA 376 CIR v. Japan Airlines 202 SCRA 450 Merrill Lynch v. CA 211 SCRA 824 Granger Associates v. Microwave 189 SCRA 631 Hutchison v. SBMA 339 SCRA 434 MR Holdings v. Bajar 380 SCRA 617 Hahn v. CA 266 SCRA 554 European Resources v. Ingenieuburo 435 SCRA 246 Agilent Technologies v. Integrated Silicon 427 SCRA 593 Communication Materials v. CA 260 SCRA 673 SBMA v. UIG of Taiwan 340 SCRA 359

Part 6:

Personal Law

A. Citizenship

  • 1. Natural-Born Citizens Read:

1935, 1973 and 1987 Constitutions

Talaroc v. Uy 92 Phil. 52 Aznar v. Comelec 185 SCRA 703 Co v. Electoral Tribunal 199 SCRA 692 Mary Grace Natividad S. Poe-Llamanzares G.R. No. 221697 and G.R. Nos. 221698-700 (Read Majority Decision, Concurring and Dissenting Opinions)

  • 2. Naturalized Citizens

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Read:

Naturalization Law

Dy Lam Go v. Republic 5 SCRA 915 Watt v. Republic 46 SCRA 683 Yu Kian Chie v. Republic 13 SCRA 282 Vivo v. Cloribel 25 SCRA 616 Moy Ya Lim Yao v. Commissioner 41 SCRA 292

3.

Loss of Philippine Citizenship

Read:

Frivaldo v. Comelec 174 SCRA 245 Frivaldo v. Comelec 257 SCRA 727 Labo v. Comelec 176 SCRA 1

4.

Repatriation

Read:

Citizenship Retention and Reacquisition Act

5.

Dual or Multiple Citizenship

Read:

Liechtenstein v. Guatemala 155 I.C.J. Rep. 4 (1955)

 

Mercado v. Manzano 307 SCRA 630

6.

Statelessness

Read:

Kookooritchkin v. OSG 81 Phil. 435

  • B. Domicile

Read:

Domino v. Comelec 310 SCRA 546 Koh v. CA 70 SCRA 298 Uytengsu v. Republic 95 Phil.890 Caasi v. CA 191 SCRA 229 Eusebio v. Eusebio G.R. No. L-8409, Dec. 28, 1956 Marcos v. Comelec 248 SCRA 300 Ujano v. Republic 17 SCRA 147 Velilla v. Posadas 62 Phil. 624 Caraballo v. Republic 4 SCRA 1055 Go Chen v. Collector 56 Phil. 550 Ugdoracion v. Comelec 552 SCRA 231

  • C. Personality

Read:

Articles 40-41 of the New Civil Code

De Jesus v. Syquia 58 Phil. 866 Geluz v. CA 2 SCRA 88

  • D. Age of Majority

Read:

Republic Act No. 6809

  • E. Absence

Read:

Articles 390-391 of the New Civil Code Article 41 of the Family Code

  • F. Name

Read:

Articles 364-375 of the New Civil Code Article 165 of the Family Code Republic Act No. 9255

Part 7: Foreign Law Conflict of Laws Page 7
Part 7:
Foreign Law
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  • A. Proof of Foreign Law Read:

PCIB v. Escolin 56 SCRA 266 Zalamea v. CA 228 SCRA 27 Miciano v. Brimo 50 Phil. 867 CIR v. Fisher 1 SCRA 93 CID v. Dela Rosa 197 SCRA 858 Wildvalley v. CA 342 SCRA 213 Bank of America v. American Realty 321 SCRA 659

  • B. Processual Presumption of Law Read:

Northwest Airlines v. CA 241 SCRA 192

Part 8:

Foreign Judgment

  • A. Requisites for Recognition or Enforcement of Foreign Judgment Read:

Revised Rules of Court on Foreign Judgments

PCIB v. Escolin 56 SCRA 265 Reyes v. Wells 54 Phil. 102 Ang Giok Chip v. Springfield 56 Phil. 375 Corpuz v. Sto. Tomas G.R. No. 186571 August 11, 2010 Northwest v. CA 241 SCRA 192 Boudard v.Tait 67 Phil. 170 Ramirez v. Gmur 42 Phil. 855 Borthwick v. Castro 152 SCRA 229 Mijares v. Ranada 455 SCRA 397 Oil and Natural Gas v. CA 293 SCRA 26 Philsec v. CA 274 SCRA 102

  • B. Procedure for Enforcement

  • C. Grounds for Non-Recognition

Student Evaluation:

Passing Grade is 75%.

No make-up quizzes and exams will be given.

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Syllabus Atty. Pagano Calde