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SPE-182089-RU

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2 SPE-182089-RU

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( ii ) = 1 J i ,
x i
dp
A1 1S1 + 12 S12 1 A1 g sin = 0 , (1)
dx
dp
A2 2 S 2 12 S12 2 A2 g sin = 0.
dx
i ; 12
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f f ( )
i = i i i i , 12 = 12 12 2 1 2 1 . (2)
2 2
f ,
; f12 12 f1 1 f2 2
.
- :
4A 4 A2
D1 = 1 D2 = (3)
S1 S 2 + S12
:
4A 4 A2
D1 = 1 D2 = 1 2
S1 S 2 + S12
(3)
4 A1 4 A2
D1 = D2 = 1 > 2
S1 + S12 S2
(1)-(3) ,
:
T (11T1 )
1c11 1 + c11
t x
( )
= U1 F T1 T ex h12 F (T1 T2 ) + c1 J1T1in
(4)
T2 ( 2 2T2 )
2 c2 2
t
+ c2 2
x
( ) ex
= U 2 F T2 T h12 F (T2 T1 ) + c2 J 2T2 in

c , /(); T , ; F -
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SPE-182089-RU 3

, /(2); h12 ,
/(2).

[2]:
1
r r
ln co ln w
1 1 rci rco f (t )
Ui = + + + (5)
rci rci hi kc kcem k r


2
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(5) hi.
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Nu i = 0.023 Rei0.8Pri0.3 (6)
:
Nu i = 4.36 (6)
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h h
h12 = 1i 2i (7)
h1i + h2i
h1i h2i , /(2),
h1 h2,
[4].
(4)-(7) .


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(. 2,3).

. 2 . 3
4 SPE-182089-RU

, ,
, [5]:
dp
Ao = o So + ow1Sow1 + o gAosin (8)
dx
dp
Aw1 = ow1Sow1 + w1w2 S w1w2 + w1S w1 + w gAw1sin (9)
dx
dp
Aw2 = w1w2 S w1w2 w2 S w2 + w gAw2sin (10)
dx
o, w1, w2 : , ,
; ow1 w1w2 .
:
Qw1 = Qw + Qw2 (11)
3 3
Qw1 , , /; Qw2 , /, Qw
( ), 3/. ,
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.
, [6,7]:
1
i = f i ii2 (12)
2
( w1 )2
w1o = f o o o (13)
2
w ( w1 + w2 )2
w1w2 = f w1 (14)
2
16
fi =
Re i
0.25
f i = 0.316 Re i (15)

ii Di
Re i = (16)
i
4 Ao
Do = (17)
S o + S ow1
4 Aw1
Dw1 = (18)
S w1 + S w1w2
4A
Dw 2 = w 2 (19)
S w2
Si, Ai Di
1 2 (.3). ,
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, (
dp/dx 2 1, 2), .
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(20) (21), 1 2.
.
SPE-182089-RU 5

( o So + ow1Sow1 ) / Ao + ( ow1Sow1 w1w2 S w1w2 w1S w1 ) / Aw1 + ( o w )g sin = 0 (20)


( ow1Sow1 + w1S w1 ) / Aw1 + w1w2 S w1w2 ( 1 / Aw1 + 1 / Aw2 ) + w2 S w2 / Aw2 = 0
(21)
,
,
, [4, 8]:
dT dT S S
(
o co o o o o = how1 (To Tw1 ) ow1 U o To T ex o ) (22)
dt dx A A
dT dT S S S
(
w1cw w w1 w1 w1 = how1 (To Tw1 ) ow1 hw1w2 (Tw1 Tw2 ) w1w2 U w1 Tw1 T ex w1 (23))
dt dx A A A
dT dT S S
(
w2 cw w w2 + w2 w2 = hw1w2 (Tw1 Tw2 ) w1w2 U w2 Tw2 T ex w2 ) (24)
dt dx A A
how1 , /(2), hw1w2
, , , , /(2).
(5)-(7).
, ,
(25).
(26),
4. (22 - 24) .
Qw2 w2 _ + Qw1 w1 _ +1
Tw1 _ = (25)
Qw1 + Qw2
w2 _ = w1 _ (26)

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1. Taitel Y., Duckler A.E. A Model For Predicting Flow Regime Transitions in Horizontal and
Nearly Horizontal Gas-Liquid Flow. // J. AIChE 22-45, pp. 47-55, 1976.
2. Brill J.P., Mukherjee H. Multiphase Flow in Wells. Society of Petroleum Engineers, 164 p., 1999.
3. Incropera F.P., DeWitt D.P., Bergman T.L., Lavine A.S. Fundamentals of Heat and Mass
Transfer, 6th edition. Wiley, 1024 p., 2006.
4. .. . .:
, 296 ., 1989.
5. Ouyang LiangBiao. Mechanistic and Simplified Models for Oil Water Countercurrent Flow //
SPE 77501, (2002).
6. Bonizzi M., Andreussi P., Banerjee S.. Flow Regime Independent, High Resolution Multi-Field
Modelling of Near-Horizontal Gas-Liquid Flows in Pipelines // International Journal of
Multiphase Flow 35, 34-46 (2009).
7. Petalas N., Aziz. K. A Mechanistic Model for Multiphase Flow in Pipes // Journal of Canadian
Petroleum Technology 39(06), January 1998.
8. Patankar S. V., Computation of Conduction and Duct Flow Heat Transfer, Innovative Research
Inc., 1990.
9. . . . /.: , 1979.
10. .., .. .., ..
-
. / , , .
, 2012, .220. . 12-29.
SPE-182089-RU 19

11. SPE 136272 ., ., ., ; ., SPE,


., SPE, Schlumberger.

. /
SPE 2010 . 2010, .
12. .., .., .., .., ..,
..
. // . 2015.
- 1. 62-65.
13. .., .., ..
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. / . /
, , 29-30.09.2015.