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HEAT STRESS AWARENESS

THE BODY IN HEAT


Presented By: David Ding


Heat Stress

vThe inability of the body to rid itself of excessive heat.

Heat Production in our body


Sleeping 65 cal/hr. -65 cal/hr


Sitting 100 cal/hr. -100 cal/hr
Mechanical work 240 cal/hr. -240 cal/hr
Heavy exercise 450 cal/hr. -450 cal/hr
Swimming 500 cal/hr. -500 cal/hr
Sexual activities 850 cal/hr. -850 cal/hr
Walking up stairs 1100 cal/hr. -1100 cal/hr
How the body cools itself

Sweating

Circulating Blood to the skin surface.

Respiration

Factors contributing to heat stress

vEnvironmental
Temperature
Radiant Heat
Humidity
Air Velocity
vWork load/ Physical Stress /
vProtective clothing
vIndividual characteristics
Individual Characteristics:

Age
Weight
Level of Fitness

Medical Conditions

Alcohol / Drug use / nicotine intake //
Caffeine use
Insufficient water intake
Heat Stress Illnesses

Heat Rash
Heat Cramps
Heat Exhaustion
Heat Stroke
Heat Rash prickly heat
-
A rash caused by skin exposure to heat and humidity
where the skin does not dry and always sweaty causing
bacterial or fungal infection to block the sweat ducts, and
thus developed itchy rash that can easily rupture when
scratched and get infected.



Prevention:
Wearing 100 % cotton clothing. 100%
Showering and changing into clean dry clothing.

HEAT RASH PRICKLY HEAT
-
Heat Cramps
v Involuntary muscle contraction from loss of electrolytes due to
excessive sweating.

v Muscle cramps.

v Pain in arms legs and abdomen.

Heat Cramps First Aid:
Rest in cool area.

Drink lots of water.

Eat foods rich in electrolytes like bananas and oranges.

Heat Stroke and Heat
Exhaustion

Heat Exhaustion
Caused by excessive sweating in a hot climate.

Loss of fluid and electrolytes from the body causes an
imbalance in the body fluids.

Commonly follows exertion in hot / humid environment.
/
.
Signs & Symptoms of Heat
Exhaustion

HEAT EXHAUSTION

Gradual onset.
Lethargic.
Thirst.
Nausea and vomiting.
Muscular cramps.
Skin pale, cool & clammy, sweating continues normally.

Temperature may be normal or slightly raised.

Treatment of Heat Exhaustion

Move to cool shady well ventilated place.

Replace fluid loss with water and ORS.

Remove unnecessary clothing.
Commence gradual cooling with cool compress.

Rest.

If untreated may lead to Heat Stroke.



Cool Down The Body

Heat Stroke
Caused by a failure of the bodys temperature regulatory
mechanism.
(

)
May occur after only a few hours exposure to intense heat / humidity
/
/
More commonly occurs after prolonged exertion and / or exposure
in a hot / humid climate.
///

Once Your body reaches 104F (40C) You will go to the medical
facility immediately.
104F40Cj
Signs and Symptoms of Heat Stroke

Sudden onset common -
Dry, hot skin
Raised temperature
Headache,nausea vomiting
Restlessness & confusion leading to delirium
&
Collapse
Convulsion
Death
Treatment of Heat Stroke

Move to a cool shady area.

Remove all unnecessary clothing

Apply cool compress to armpits, groin and back of neck.

If conscious replace fluids with water and ORS

If unconscious I.V. fluid replacement

Continual monitoring by medical department

Heat Stress Prevention

Reduce alcohol intake.

Reduce caffeine intake.

Reduce nicotine intake.

Ensure your supervisor is aware of your potential for
heat stress, with respect to medical conditions and
prescription medication.

Get medical condition under control.

Risk Control
q Engineering
Ventilation
Air conditioning
Shielding
Equipment Modification

q Administration
Training / Awareness /
Work Scheduling
Alternate job functions
Modify Work / Rest /
Any Question about Heat Stress?

The End