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Executive Summary

Standards and Requirements Guidance Manual for the Construction


Users Manual and

of Factories and Supporting Services in Industrial Cities


Construction Requirements
for Factories and Supporting
Services in Industrial Cities
Saudi Industrial Property Authority

92 0000 425
modon.gov.sa @Modon_KSA
92 0000 425
modon.gov.sa @Modon_KSA
Index 1

Index

Acronyms and abbreviations used in this guidance manual......................................................................................... 7


Introduction................................................................................................................................................................... 9
Executive summary..................................................................................................................................................... 11
Part One: General requirements and procedures.......................................................................................... 13
1.1 Owner Investors obligations............................................................................................................................. 15
1.2 General requirements for the construction of factories........................................................................................ 16
1.3 Application steps for the construction of a factory.............................................................................................. 17
1.4 Checklist for the first part..................................................................................................................................... 18
1.5 Classification of buildings based on their environmental impact......................................................................... 19
Part Two: Building requirements................................................................................................................... 25
2.1 General factory site elements and principles to determine their location and relation to each other................. 27
2. 2 Land use administrative regulations and systems................................................................................................ 28
2.3 Land occupation................................................................................................................................................... 29
2.4 Setbacks................................................................................................................................................................ 30
2.5 Heights.................................................................................................................................................................. 31
2.6 Loading and Unloading areas............................................................................................................................... 32
2.7 Parking areas......................................................................................................................................................... 33
2.8 Open spaces......................................................................................................................................................... 35
2.9 Facades................................................................................................................................................................. 36
2.10 Factory administration buildings........................................................................................................................ 37
2.11 Employees facilities............................................................................................................................................ 39
2.12 Fences................................................................................................................................................................. 40
2.13 Advertising signs................................................................................................................................................ 40
2.14 Landscaping........................................................................................................................................................ 40
2.15 Levels of inner roads........................................................................................................................................... 40
2.16 Entrances and Gates........................................................................................................................................... 41
2.17 Pavements.......................................................................................................................................................... 41

1
2 Index

2.18 Utilities................................................................................................................................................................ 42
2.19 Environmental conditions and Industrial Safety conditions................................................................................ 45
2.20 Checklist for the second part.............................................................................................................................. 46
Part Three: Sustainability in industrial buildings............................................................................................ 51
Part Four: Design phases of factories and related services buildings............................................................ 57
4.1 Phase one: Site soil studies and settlements........................................................................................................ 59
4.2 Phase two: Preliminary design of buildings.......................................................................................................... 59
4.3 Phase three: Final design phase........................................................................................................................... 59
List of references........................................................................................................................................... 61

2
Figures 3

Figures

Figure 1 - a: Planning of production space........................................................................................................................ 27


Figure 1 - b: Planning of production space according to production flow........................................................................ 27
Figure 2: Side or rear setback not to house any structures................................................................................................ 28
Figure 3: Setbacks and their use plot on a single road................................................................................................... 30
Figure 4: Setbacks and their use plot on two perpendicular roads................................................................................. 30
Figure 5: Minimum permissible height of the production halls......................................................................................... 31
Figure 6: Permissible heights of production hall buildings................................................................................................ 31
Figure 7: Shared loading and unloading area.................................................................................................................... 32
Figure 8: Layout showing the loading and unloading area and its relation to the site elements...................................... 32
Figure 9: Layout for turning and manoeuvring area depth for a 15m truck, perpendicular loading bays......................... 43
Figure 10: Layout for turning and manoeuvring area depth for a 15m truck, perpendicular loading bays, intermediate
space used for overnight parking..................................................................................................................... 34
Figure 11: Minimum bay spacing for turning and manoeuvring of a 15m truck in perpendicular bays............................ 34
Figure 12: Turning and manoeuvring area of a 15m truck in 45 angled bays................................................................... 34
Figure 13: Landscaping of open spaces around the office building and the building front facade.................................. 35
Figure 14: Design of external facades and attention to details......................................................................................... 36
Figure 15: Attention to external facades design and avoidance of overuse of colors and finishing materials.................. 36
Figure 16: Screening of devices and utilities placed on industrial buildings roofs............................................................ 36
Figure 17: Administration and staff services building location.......................................................................................... 37
Figure 18: Facades of administration buildings................................................................................................................. 37
Figure 19: Workers facilities............................................................................................................................................... 39
Figure 20: Model of factory fence approved by the Authority.......................................................................................... 40
Figure 21: Relation of the inner roads level to the front road level (not more than 35 cm)............................................... 40
Figure 22: Factory gates dimensions should the facade be more than 30m wide............................................................ 41
Figure 23: Factory gates dimensions should the facade be less than 30m wide............................................................... 41
Figure 24: Entrances from side roads................................................................................................................................ 41

3
4 Figures

Figure 25: Possibility of having entrances from main roads in case there is no facade on a side road.............................. 41
Figure 26: Pavement dimensions around production halls................................................................................................ 41
Figure 27: Rainwater drainage in the factory..................................................................................................................... 44
Figure 28: Ground plan showing sorted solid waste special containers............................................................................ 44

4
Tables 5

Tables:

Table 1: Classification of industrial buildings based on their environmental impact......................................................... 11


Table 2: Building ratio on the site...................................................................................................................................... 15
Table 3: Percentage of distribution of voids within the industrial building........................................................................ 15
Table 4: Car parking rates according to factory usages..................................................................................................... 18
Table 5: Electric power indicative rates depending on the various manufactures............................................................. 26
Table 6: Quantity of water required depending on the manufacture................................................................................ 28
Table 7: Example of recyclable materials........................................................................................................................... 31

5
Acronyms and abbreviations used in this guidance manual 7

Acronyms and abbreviations used in this


guidance manual
ASHRAE: American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air-Conditioning Engineers
ARI: Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute
NFPA: National Fire Protection Association
SMACNA: Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors National Association
Cibse Applications Manual Am10 Published by Chartered Institution of Building
Services Engineers.
ISO: International Organization for Standization
OHSAS: Occupation Health and Safety Assessment Series for health and safety
management system
PME: Presidency of Meteorology and Environment (Saudi Arabia)
SFDA: Saudi Food & Drug Authority
LEED: Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
BREEAM: BRE - Environmental Assessment Method

7
Introduction 9

Introduction

The Saudi Industrial Property Authority issued


a guide of standards and requirements for
the construction of factories and supporting
services in industrial cities and decided to
accompany the guide with this guidance
manual which is a summary of the most
important requirements and procedures to
be followed with regard to the development
of factories and supporting services in
industrial cities.

It should be acknowledged that each of the


owner (investor), designer, supervisor and
contractor are committed to implement the
provisions of the initial guide, not dispensed
by the contents of this guidance manual.

The Saudi Industrial Property Authority

9
Executive summary 11

Executive summary

The purpose of the elaboration of this


summary (investors summary) is to clarify the
main steps and essential aspects of work in the
industrial zones and cities as well as to provide
the investor with the important information
needed from the beginning, during the
execution of the project and up until its
completion. It also underlines the technical
aspects of the standards and requirements
for the construction of factories and the
development of supporting services, the
establishment of definitions and requirements
for the creation of factories in the industrial
cities, knowing that the summary does not go
into the technical and specialized details for
which it is needed to refer to the Standards
and requirements guide for the construction of
factories and supporting services in industrial
cities to have the complete technical and
detailed aspects required to implement
the work.

Part one: General requirements


and procedures
Part two: Building requirements
Part three: Sustainability in the
industrial buildings
Part four: Phases, license procedures
and follow-up

11
1
General requirements and procedures
Owner Investors obligations
13

Samsung Electronics plant

General requirements and procedures


Hungary

13
General requirements and procedures
14 Owner Investors obligations

Part one: General requirements and procedures

1.1 Owner Investors obligations.............................................................................................. 15

1.2 General requirements for the construction of factories......................................................... 16

1.3 Application steps for the construction of a factory................................................................ 17

1.4 Checklist for the first part..................................................................................................... 18

1.5 Classification of buildings based on their environmental impact........................................... 19

14
General requirements and procedures
Owner Investors obligations
1.1

1.1 Owner Investors obligations

1. Commitment to the terms and requirements


of this guide
2. Respecting the proprietary rights of those
who have properties adjacent to the
proposed project, whether these rights are
moral or material
3. Coordination with the owners of existing
adjacent projects and commitment to
collaborate with them to restore any
damages to their buildings resulting from
the construction works of adjacent buildings
4. Preparation of layouts through a specialized
Saudi consultancy firm qualified in factory
planning, which are:
a. to be signed and sealed with the seal of
the consultancy firm Sudair Industrial City
b. accompanied with a valid copy of the Model exhibited at the premises of
firm license and submitted to the Saudi the Authority in Riyadh
Industrial Property Authority
5. That the work procedures are met and
obtaining the required approvals before
proceeding with the construction works.
No modification shall be done on any part
of the accredited design after obtaining the
permit, unless a modification of permit is
applied for and approved. Any violation shall
be disclosed by the Authority to undertake
the relevant procedures.

15
General requirements and procedures
1.2 General requirements for the construction of factories

1.2 General requirements for the construction of factories

1. The factory must be licensed by the Ministry comply with the manufacturing and
of Commerce and Industry or the General production requirements of the factory.
Investment Authority or the competent 6. The minimum level of modern technology
authorities. with regard to equipment, machinery and
2. Food, drugs and cosmetics factories must manufacturing methods must be provided
obtain a license from the competent in the factory.
authorities and refer to and coordinate 7. The factory site must be carefully chosen
with the Food and Drug General Authority considering its impact on the effectiveness
to assure the production quality and and productivity of the factory, bearing in
its compliance with the general health turn on the design and the construction
standards and must know the health terms of the factory.
requirements for food factories and their 8. Plots of appropriate area are allocated in
staff and the requirements pertaining to the industrial city for each industrial project
drugs factories (www.sfda-gov.sa). further to its review by the authority, taking
3. Factories with limited environmental impact into account the future expansions if
must obtain a preliminary assessment form sufficiently justified through a brief study of
whereas an audit is performed by the the production plan providing a preliminary
Presidency of Meteorology and Environment idea of the current demand and of the
for factories with important environmental
impact, when submitting the preliminary
environmental assessment form to obtain
the license or ask for an environmental
impact study as the Presidency deems
appropriate.
4. The factories with hazardous environmental
impact and potential environmental
pollution must obtain an environmental
permit from the Presidency of Meteorology Procter and
and Environment or from the competent Gamble Plant
authorities further to an environmental Industrial City, Jeddah - 2012
impact study conducted by one of
the consultancy firms or the research
centers accredited by the Presidency of
Meteorology and Environment (please refer
to table 1).
5. The requested area for the factory must

16
General requirements and procedures
Application steps for the construction of a factory
1.3

1.3 A
 pplication steps for the construction
of a factory
potential absorption markets. Building licenses are requested through the
9. Priority for the land lease in the industrial procedures required and mentioned on the
cities is given to the industries consistent Authoritys Website after having reviewed
with the desired development to enhance the requirements described on the Website
the industry in the kingdom in the framework both in Arabic and English. For the Arabic
of the quinquennal development plan. language http://www.modon.gov.sa/Arabic/
10. The factories located outside the industrial Pages/default.aspx
cities are allocated plots inside the
industrial cities in case relocating them
is considered necessary to implement
expansions to increase their capacity or to
introduce new products according to their
relevant granted licenses.
11. The investor benefits from the plot allocated
for the construction of a factory in the
industrial cities under a contract concluded
with the Saudi Industrial Property Authority
or with the private industrial city owner,
according to the nature of the contract:
leasing, selling or usufruct. The factory owner
is committed to the factory construction in
the industrial cities terms and requirements,
concerning construction, operation and
maintenance.

17
General requirements and procedures
1.4 Checklist for the first part

1.4 Checklist for the first part

Not
Yes No
required

Obtaining the necessary factory construction licenses from the competent authorities:

Ministry of Commerce and Industry o o


General Investment Authority o o
Food, drugs and cosmetics factories must refer to and coordinate with the Food and Drug general
Authority o o o
Other bodies o o
Audit by the Presidency for Meteorology and Environment and obtaining the necessary
licenses:

Review of the table with the classification of industries based on their environmental impact,
Guidance manual, p.19
o o

Submission of preliminary assessment form for the factories with limited environmental impact o o o
Submission of preliminary assessment form form for the factories with important environmental
impact and obtaining approval without conducting an environmental impact study for the factory
o o o

Preparation of an environmental impact study for the factories with hazardous impact o o o
Taking into account the factories construction general requirements
The requested area for the factory complies with the manufacturing and production requirements of
the factory
o o
The minimum level of modern technology with regard to equipment, machinery and manufacturing
methods is provided in the factory
o o
Preparation of a brief study of the production plan to estimate the current demand and of the
potential absorption markets in order to allocate appropriate areas for the factories and their future o o
expansions

18
General requirements and procedures
Classification of buildings based on their environmental impact
1.5

1.5 Classification of buildings based on their environmental impact

Table:1

Classification of industrial buildings based on their environmental impact

Types of manufacture Limited Important Hazardous


Manufacture of food products
Processing and preserving of meat
Processing and preserving of fish, crustaceans and molluscs #

Processing and preserving of fruits and vegetables
Manufacture of oils and vegetal and animal fats
Manufacture of milk products * *
Manufacture of grain mill products
Manufacture of starches and starch products * *
Manufacture of bakery products * *
Manufacture of sugar
Manufacture of cocoa, chocolate and sugar confectionery * *
Manufacture of macaroni, noodles, couscous and similar farinaceous products * *
Manufacture of prepared feeds for animals
Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of soft drinks; production of mineral waters and other bottled waters
Manufacture of textiles
Preparation and spinning of textile fibres
Weaving of textiles
Finishing of textiles
Manufacture of knitted and crocheted fabrics
Manufacture of made-up textile articles, except apparel
Manufacture of carpets and rugs ^
Manufacture of cordage, rope, twine and netting ^
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Manufacture of clothes, other than fur clothes
Manufacture of articles of fur
Manufacture of knitted and crocheted apparel
Manufacture of leather and related products
Tanning and dressing of leather; dressing and dyeing of fur * *
Manufacture of luggage, handbags and the like; saddler and harness

19
General requirements and procedures
1.5 Classification of buildings based on their environmental impact

Manufacture of footwear

Manufacture of wood, products of wood and cork, except furniture, manufacture of


articles of straw and plaiting articles

Sawmilling and planing of wood ^


Manufacture of veneer sheets and wood-based panels
Manufacture of wooden containers ^
Manufacture of builders carpentry and joinery "^

Manufacture of other products of wood, manufacture of articles of cork, straw and


^
plaiting materials

Manufacture of paper and paper products


Manufacture of pulp, paper and paperboard
Manufacture of corrugated paper and paperboard and of containers of paper and

paperboard
Manufacture of other articles of paper and paperboard
Printing and reproduction of recorded media
Printing
Printing and related services
Reproduction of recorded media
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products
Manufacture of refined petroleum products
Manufacture of coke oven products
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
Manufacture of basic chemicals
Manufacture of fertilizers and nitrogen compounds
Manufacture of pesticides and other agrochemical products
Manufacture of paints, varnishes and similar coatings, printing ink and mastics *
Manufacture of soap and detergents, cleaning and polishing preparations, perfumes
*
and toilet preparations
Manufacture of other chemical products not classified elsewhere
Manufacture of synthetic fibres
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of pharmaceutical substances, chemical and herbal medicines * *
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
Manufacture of rubber tyres and tubes and retreading and rebuilding of rubber tyres
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of glass and glassware
Manufacture of refractory products

20
General requirements and procedures
Classification of buildings based on their environmental impact
1.5

Manufacture of other ceramic and porcelain productst


Manufacture of cement and semi-ready mortars "
Manufacture of articles of concrete, cement and plaster "
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of basic iron and steel * *
Casting of iron and steel * *
Casting of non-ferrous metals
Precious and non-ferrous metals production
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
Manufacture of metal structures "* "*
Manufacture of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal "* "*
Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers "* "*
Forging, pressing, stamping and roll-forming of metal; powder metallurgy * *
Treatment and coating of metals; machining * *
Manufacture of cutlery, tools and general metal products * *
Manufacture of other fabricated metal products not classified elsewhere *
Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electronic components and boards ^
Manufacture of computers and peripheral equipment ^
Manufacture of communication equipment ^
Manufacture of consumer electronics ^
Manufacture of watches and clocks and time measuring instruments ^
Manufacture of irradiation, electromedical and electrotherapeutic equipment ^
Manufacture of electrical equipment

Manufacture of electric motors, generators and transformers, electricity distribution


^
and control apparatus

Manufacture of batteries and accumulators "^


Manufacture of other electronic and electric wires and cables ^
Manufacture of electric domestic appliances ^
Manufacture of other electrical equipment ^
Manufacture of machinery and equipement not classified elsewhere
Manufacture of engines and turbines, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines ^
Manufacture of other pumps, compressors, taps and valves ^
Manufacture of lifting and handling equipment ^
Manufacture of office machinery and equipment (except computers and peripheral
^
equipment)

21
General requirements and procedures
1.5 Classification of buildings based on their environmental impact

Manufacture of agricultural and forestry equipment ^


Manufacture of metal forming machinery and machine tools ^
Manufacture of machinery for mining, quarrying and construction ^
Manufacture of machinery for food, beverage and tobacco processing ^
Manufacture of machinery for textile, apparel and leather production ^
Manufacture of other special-purpose machinery ^
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of motor vehicles
Manufacture of bodies (coachwork) for motor vehicles; manufacture of trailers and

semi-trailers
Manufacture of parts and accessories for motor vehicles
Manufacture of furniture
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing
Manufacture of games and toys ^
Other manufacturing not classified elsewhere ^

* These manufactures are classified under two categories, depending on their production capacity and quantity
# For more than 1,000 Ton/Year
^ These manufactures are not classified by the Presidency of Meteorology and Environment. Please refer to USAID
guide
These manufactures fall under the largest title for manufacturing types and are not detailed.

22
2
General requirements and procedures
Owner Investors obligations
25

Siemens Electronics plant

Building requirements
Chengdu, China

25
Building
requirements

26

Part two: Building requirements

2.1 General factory site elements and principles to determine their location and relation to

each other............................................................................................................................. 27

2. 2 Land use administrative regulations and systems................................................................. 28

2.3 Land occupation.................................................................................................................... 29

2.4 Setbacks............................................................................................................................... 30

2.5 Heights................................................................................................................................. 31

2.6 Loading and Unloading areas................................................................................................ 32

2.7 Parking areas........................................................................................................................ 33

2.8 Open spaces......................................................................................................................... 35

2.9 Facades................................................................................................................................. 36

2.10 Factory administration buildings......................................................................................... 37

2.11 Employees facilities............................................................................................................. 39

2.12 Fences................................................................................................................................. 40

2.13 Advertising signs................................................................................................................. 40

2.14 Landscaping........................................................................................................................ 40

2.15 Levels of inner roads........................................................................................................... 40

2.16 Entrances and Gates........................................................................................................... 41

2.17 Pavements.......................................................................................................................... 41

2.18 Utilities................................................................................................................................ 42

2.19 Environmental conditions and Industrial Safety conditions.................................................. 45

2.20 Checklist for the second part............................................................................................... 46

26
Building requirements
General factory site elements and principles to determine their location and relation to each other
27
2.1

2.1 General factory site elements and principles to determine their


location and relation to each other
The many elements of a factory can be
gathered in one building or distributed in
several buildings1 on the general factory site
as long as their specific planning conditions
are met. The general factory site includes
three main elements which are the buildings,
the circulation roads and the truck maneuver
zones, in addition to the points of entrance, exit
and control, parking areas and landscaping.
The general factory site buildings include
the manufacturing, production, warehousing,
research and laboratories, worker facilities,
administration and guards as well as the
supporting engineering services building.
The circulation roads and truck maneuver
areas within the site have to take into account
the loading of products and the unloading of
raw materials, the maneuvers of trucks, the
circulation of employees and workers cars, the
movement of pedestrians and their relation to
the entrances, exits and control points for the
general factory site.

Finished
Administration

Assembly

Warehouse Assembly
Production Line
Assembly WarehouseProducts

Warehouse
Unloading Loading

Figure 1 - b: planning of production space ac-


Figure 1 - a: planning of production space
cording to production flow
Process Flow
1. Please refer to the factory planning conditions in
chapter three of the standards and requirements
guide for the construction of factories and
supporting services in industrial cities
Warehouse
40 -A
27
Building requirements
2.2 Land use administrative regulations and systems

2.2 Land use administrative regulations and systems


Side Setback Land Plot
C ommitment to use according to the Limits Limits
zone specifications in the industrial city as
appropriate to the manufacturing activity.
Commitment to the terms and conditions of
the selling or lease contract to make sure
that the owner or the leaseholder preserves
the building and the city attraction. 6m
Modifications shall not be made to existing
buildings without specific permission of
the Authority.
The buildings use shall be restricted to
Side Setback Land Plot
the uses determined in the selling or Limits Limits
lease contracts.
Signs shall not be put on the building
without prior permission of the Authority.
The side setbacks or the factory roof
shall not be used for storage purposes,
especially waste.
The side or rear setbacks shall not be used
to place Chillers, even if the latter are
surelevated.
T he buildings shall be preserved and
Figure 2: Side or rear setback not to house any structures
maintained in good condition.
The Authority is entitled to add other articles
to support these provisions during the
development of the industrial city, namely:
To impose fees on each leaseholder or
owner to cover the maintenance of the
city according to the systems proposed
by the Authority
To impose fines and penalties on infring-
er factory beneficiaries and to enforce
their application.

28
Building requirements
Land occupation
2.3

2.3 Land occupation

1. Building to plot area ratio varies around 50- Table 2:


60% as a maximum and not less than 45%.
Building percentages within the site
2. Circulation routes, driveways, setbacks,
Land occupation percentages Percentage
parking areas, landscaped area and loading
and unloading zone vary around 40-50% of Building percentage 50 %
the plot area. Minimum building percentage 45 %
3. Voids are to be distributed within the
Maximum building percentage (future
industrial building according to table 3. 60 %
expansion)
4. Percentages may be modified according to
the factory requirements in terms of units
Sources:
and warehouses so that the minimum level
Factories: Planning, Design and Modernisation (Drury, J., 1981)
of industrial use is not less than 43% of the
The Architects Handbook (Quentin, P., 2002)
building area.
5. The floor area ratio (i.e. built area to plot
area ratio) must not exceed 1.5. Table 3:
Percentages of distribution of voids within the
industrial building
Industrial building elements Percentage

60-70% (decreases with the


Manufacturing
increase of factory size)

20% (increases with the


Warehouses
increase of factory size)

10-15 (increases with decrease


Administration
of factory size)

5-9% (increases with increase


Workers facilities
of factory size)

Note: these are percentages of the permissible built area and


not of the overall plot area.

29
Building requirements
2.4 Setbacks

2.4 Setbacks

1. The front setback (from the street) shall not 4. The front setback may be used as a private
be less than 13.5m and from both sides and car or bus parking area (of a length not
the rear, not less than 6m (or the setback exceeding 6m perpendicularly to the fence)
allowing truck circulation, especially at turns, or open green areas.
to avoid collisions with existing buildings). 5. It is possible to assure the car parkings
2. No structures shall be located in the setback and truck loading and unloading zones in
areas, save for the electricity room, the main the setbacks on the minimum area stated
switchgears and reserve generator room, above. In case car parkings are to be located
the guards room and parking areas and on both sides of the building, the distance
the fuel and gas tanks to be placed in the shall not be less than 12m. In case a truck
front setback. waiting and loading zone is to be located
3. Should the access roads be 20m or 30m on the side of the building, the setback
wide, a 3m chamber shall be made in distance shall not be less than 29m so as to
the earth on each side at an angle of 45 provide parking and maneuver space.
degrees.

Land Plot Limits


6m
6m Land Plot Limits
Distance allowing truck
Setback Limits Access and turning

Side road 20 - 30 m
6m
6m 6m Remaining land
Remaining

See Enlarged Detail


3m

13.5 m

Electricity Room Car Parking 45


13.5 m

Switchgears Room Guard's Room


1 m Landscaping Fuel and Natural Gas Tanks 3m

Main entrance front road 20-30 m


Main Gate on Road Less Than 40 m

Figure 3: Setbacks and their use plot on a single Figure 4: Setbacks and their use plot on two perpendicular
road roads

30
Building requirements
Heights
2.5

2.5 Heights

6. The maximum permissible height of the 8. In special cases requiring an increase of this
production units in the factory is 20m, height, the prior approval of the Authority
measured from the surrounding roads level may be obtained, after justifying the
up to the hall ceiling without including the request.
factory chimney. 9. It is permitted to house the production
7. The minimum height of the production units area and the products and raw materials
is 6m, measured from the surrounding roads warehouses in multi-storey buildings up to a
level up to the hall ceiling. maximum not exceeding the regular height.
10. In case the production hall is two-
storey, it shall be equipped with
escape ladders at a maximum travel
Not Exceeding 20m

distance of 30m, according to the


Not Less Than 6m

Saudi civil defense requirements,


provided the use is symmetrical in
the successive perpendicular spaces.

Figure 5: Minimum permissible height of the production halls

Table 4:
Table of generally recommended factory ceiling heights
With overhead
Production type Without overhead fixtures*
fixtures*
Height-Machine Height+125%

Assembly area for small


Overhead
6m 6m Fixtures
products with workbenches
Assembly area for large Maximum height of prod- Maximum height of Large Machine Used in
Manufacturing
products at floor level uct + 75% product + 125%
In Manufacturing

Small products forming Machine height +


Machine height + 100%
area 150%

Large products forming Machine height +


Machine height + 125%
area 125%
Figure 6: Permissible heights of production
* Overhead lights and sprinklers + ventilation
hall buildings
ducts, heating units, overhead conveyors, etc.

31
Building requirements
2.6 Loading and Unloading areas

2.6 Loading and Unloading areas

1. A portion of the land surface shall be


allocated to the loading and unloading
activities according to the factory needs.
The loading and unloading zones may
be separated or combined in one area to
unload raw materials and load end products.
2. The loading and unloading areas shall be
determined on the master plan, taking
into account the unhindered cars and
Figure7 : Shared loading and unloading area
trucks movements without interferences
in the circulation paths and with sufficient
manoeuvring space for large trucks (if
necessary) according to the production
type.
3. Loading bays shall be conveniently spaced
according to their types.

Possibility of Tree
Planting in The Back

Truck Parking , Loading and


Unloading Bays

Possibility of Tree Planting To


Reduce Factory Impact
Agents and Employees
Car Parking

Figure 8: Layout showing the loading and unload-


ing area and its relation to the site elements

32
Building requirements
Parking areas
2.7

2.7 Parking areas

1. At least 50% of the car parking shall be than 20m (35m from bay face to bound-
covered with light-colored roofs that ary), figure 10
increase solar reflectance. Photovoltaic solar Minimum bay spacing shall not be less
panels may be placed on the car parking than 3.8m as long as 5 meters are added
rooftop to achieve renewable energy to the turnround and manoeuvring area
production at the same time. depth to allow trucks to draw forward pri-
2. Each car parking space shall be no less or to turning and manoeuvring, figure 11
than 2.6x5.5m. Between car rows, routes Minimum spacing for the manoeuvring
of no less than 6m shall be provided for area depth of a 15m truck is no less
perpendicular parking, of no less than 5.5m than 9m (21.5m from bay face to turning
for 45 parking and of no less than 3.5m for boundary) and the minimum spacing be-
route-parallel parking in one direction. tween 45 angled bays no less than 3.8m,
3. F ront setback may be used as car figure 12.
parking area. Table 5:
4. The factory shall provide sufficient parking
Car parking rates according to factory usages
areas for cars, trucks and buses within the
factory site, to accommodate the number of Rate Usage within factory
employees and visitors and the raw materials One car per 160-200m2 Of warehouses area
and products circulation, according to the
One car per 120-160m2 Of production hall floor area
rates mentioned in table 5.
5. Loading bays spacing is closely related to One car per 40m2 Of administration offices floor area
vehicles turnround, manoeuvring and their Truck/vehicle Varies according to manufacture type
perpendicular or angled parking position
as follows: Source: studies approved by the Ministry of munici-
Minimum spacing for the manoeuvring pal and rural affaires and other studies
area depth of a 15m truck is no less than
13m (28m from bay face to turning bound-
ary) and the minimum spacing between A list of information related to the
perpendicular loading bays no less than specifications of a variety of trucks
6.5m. In such case the number of bays is used in industrial activities has been
limited (five loading bays for a 33m front- elaborated. Please refer to the standards
age building), figure 9 and requirements guide for factories
Overnight truck parking between loading building, p. 132 when planning the
bays may be added as long as turnround loading, unloading and manoeuvring
and manoeuvring area depth is no less areas in the industrial buildings sites

33
Building requirements
2.7
34 Parking areas

3.8 m
6.5 m

3m 15 m 13 m
15 m 5m 13 m
28 m
Draw Forward
33 m

Figure 9: Layout for turning and manoeuvring area


Figure 11: Minimum bay spacing for turning and
depth for a 15m truck, perpendicular loading bays
manoeuvring of a 15m truck in perpendicular bays

21.5 m

12.5 m 9m
10.5 m

45
6.5 m

m
5
7.
5.5 m

3.
Over Night Parking 8
m
5.5 m

m
15

3m 15 m 13 m 7m
m
8
3.

35 m

Figure 12: Turning and manoeuvring area of a 15m


Figure 10: Layout for turning and manoeuvring area
truck in 45 angled bays
depth for a 15m truck, perpendicular loading bays,
intermediate space used for overnight parking

34
Building requirements
Open spaces
2.8

2.8 Open spaces

1. When designing the industrial buildings


open spaces, two main specifics are to be
taken into account:
a. All open space design elements shall
adequately match the scale, the height
and the space blocks of the industrial
buildings
Pavement 60 cm Wide
b. 
The treatment of open spaces shall
Around Protection Halls
contribute to the integration of the
industrial building in its surrounding
landscape.
2. The front court shall be used for landscaping
Administration and Production
Services Building Hall 6
and a minimum of 5% of the plot area shall 1m
be dedicated to open spaces.
3. Open spaces shall be landscaped and Suggested Front

7
Green Area =1m

12.5
Setback 13.5
planted with evergreen trees/shrubs and
Car Parking Area

5.5
green areas. Pedestrian walkways and
uncovered car parking areas shall be 1m
designed to match the entrances, the
circulation and the fences in terms of Figure 13: Landscaping of open spaces around the office building and
location and height. the building front facade
4. 1m within the fence setback as well as 1m
around the administration building shall be
used for landscaping and tree planting so as
to improve the overall factory sight.

35
Building requirements
2.9
36 Facades

2.9 Facades

1. Attention to the design of the different


facades, especially for the factories
overlooking more than one road from the
front or the rear.
2. No window in the production hall shall be
less than 1m wide and 1m high.
3. M aterials suitable to the hot climate
environment shall be used for the factory Figure15 : Attention to external facades design
facades external finishing. and avoidance of overuse of colors and finishing
4. Special care shall be taken in terms of materials
painting colors, wall patterns, etc.
5. No air conditioning units shall appear on the
external facades and building techniques
PRODUCED shallBY ANtoAUTODESK
be used EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT
achieve a visually agreeable
urban setting.

Some examples of possible shading


Figure 14: Design of external facades Figure 16: Screening of devices and
systems
and attention to details utilities placed on industrial buildings roofs

36
Building requirements
Factory administration buildings
2.10

2.10 Factory administration buildings

1. In case administration buildings are separated


from the production area, the space between
the buildings shall be no less than 5m or
adjacent to the production area.

6m

6m

6m

6m
2. It is forbidden to use the administration
building to accommodate the workers.
3. The administration building shall be located
in the front part of the factory facing the main 6 m
Factory building
Factory building
6m 6m 6m 6m 6m
Factory Building 6m
Factory Building 6m
road. No administration buildings shall be
located in the rear or side parts without prior

5m

5m
consent of the Authority or the existence Services Services Administration
Administration and Servises
and Servises
of reasons related to the operation of the Building Building
Building Building Building Building

factory.
13.5 m

13.5 m

13.5 m

13.5 m
4. No basement shall be built on the factory site.
5. The administration and related services
buildings that are separate from the Factory
Factory Main Main Facade
Facade Factory Main
Factory
Facade
Main Facade
manufacturing building may have a ground
Figure17: Administration and staff services building location
floor and three storeys with a maximum
height of 16m, including the final coating. In
such case, the buildings shall be equipped
with escape ladders according to the civil
defense requirements.
6. T he administration building consists of
the various departments staff offices, the
managers and meeting rooms and the
secretariat along with the necessary services
such as water closets, buffet, depot, archive
rooms and other service areas required for
the staff working in the factory administration
building.
7. The width of the administration building gate
shall be no less than 2m.
8. The width of the main corridors in the Figure 18: Facades of administration buildings
administration buildings shall be no less than
2m and of the secondary corridors no less
than 1.5m.

37
Building requirements
2.10 Factory administration buildings

9. 
D istinctive architectural features shall
denote the administration building facades.
10. An appropriate for the nature of the
industrial city distinctive finishing type
shall be used, such as stainless steel, glass,
aluminum or any other materials to achieve
the purpose of giving the building a good
distinctive architectural facade.
11. T he interior divisions in the factory
administration buildings shall feature
spacings and surface areas appropriate for
the use and function of spaces. Gypsum
boards are preferred as space partitions.
12. Natural lighting and ventilation as well as
air conditioning shall be provided in the
administration buildings.
13. A ccessibility of the disabled to the
administration building shall be ensured.
14. It is preferred to have a separation between
the administration building and the
employees facilities building as suitable
for large factories

BMW plant Ipekyol textile factory


Leipzig, Germany Turkey

38
Building requirements
Employees facilities
2.11

2.11 Employees facilities

1. The minimum level of facilities to be provided Administration


for the workers in the production halls is: a
praying room, a canteen, water closets, a buffet, Workers Water Closets Washbasins and Lokers

a locker room, a first-aid room as long as the

Employees Car Parking


Meetings Room
surface areas of these units suit the number of Agents and Canteen
workers. Employees Medical Unit
Entrance
2. Separation between the facilities for female Employees Water Closets Washbasins and Lokers
workers and the facilities for male workers.
Praying Room
3. Foresee 0.8m2/worker in the praying room and
1m2/worker in the canteen. Praying Room

4. The first-aid room surface area shall be no less

Employees Car Parking


Employees Water Closets Washbasins and Lokers
than 10m2. Female Medical Unit
5. The following criteria shall be met with regard Room
Canteen
to the workers facilities: one washbasin/15 Meeting Room

workers, one WC/15 workers. Employees Water Closets Washbasins and Lokers
6. Lockers and locker-room (one locker per worker)
7. When the number of workers in the factory kers Water Closets Washbasins
Manufacturing and Storage
reaches 250, a social service center shall be
Figure 19: Workers facilities
and Lokers
provided including a mosque within the factory
building requirements and when the number
of workers exceeds 300 persons, a resident
physician shall be on site. Should the number Workers facilities
of workers reach 500, an ambulance shall also Canteen
be provided.
8. It is strictly forbidden to provide accommodation
for the workers or the employees within the
factory site boundaries save for the guards
quarter.
9. The workers facilities shall not open directly
to the production halls. Posters shall advise
the staff to wash their hands with soap and
antiseptics after using the water closets to avoid
any pollution of the products and particularly
in the food and pharmaceutical products
manufactures.

39
Building requirements
2.12-2.15 Fences, Advertising signs, Landscaping and Level of inner roads

2.12 Fences 1. Landscaping and planting shall achieve a buffer zone


between the industrial use and the non industrial

Please refer to the fence specifications approved use. Open areas may be used to establish
by the Authority and clarified in the Factory natural boundaries between the industrial
building standards and requirements (detailed) and the non industrial uses.
guide, shown in the following figure. 2. Planters at least 1m wide shall be placed at
the fence boundaries within the plot on the
front, side and rear plot limits.
3. Landscaping and planting shall be assigned
to a contractor qualified in this field.

Figure 20: Model of factory fence approved by


the Authority

2.13 Advertising signs 2.15 Levels of inner roads

The advertising sign shown in the following To facilitate entry to and exit from the factory,
photo shall be made according to the the final level of the inner roads shall not exceed
specifications stated in the guide. the level of the road asphalt by more than 35
cm.

Level Difference Not


Hall Exceeding 35 cm
Inner Road
Level Front Road Level

Figure21: Relation of the inner roads level to the


front road level (not more than 35 cm)
Advertising signs approved by MO-
DON
40

2.14 Landscaping
Building requirements
Entrances and Gates and Pavements
2.16-2.17

2.16 Entrances and Gates 2.17 Pavements

1. Entrances shall be on the side roads only Pavements no less than 60cm wide and 15cm
(20-30m). No entrances shall be located on high in relation to the surrounding road levels
roads wider than 30m. shall be made around the production halls.
2. Factory gates shall not open on main roads
that are 40m wide and more, unless no
other side road allows access to the factory.
3. Should the factory wish to open gates on Production
a main road that is more than 40m wide,
Hall
Minimum
prior coordination shall take place with Pavement
the Authority so as to adapt the entrances Width
15 cm
60 cm
and exits to the models approved by the Road Level
Authority.
4. Each factory shall have at least two gates.
Figure 26: Pavement dimensions around
5. Should the plot width not exceed 30m, the
production halls
factory shall have at least two gates.
6. Each factory shall have a gate dedicated to
workers and employees.
7. The factory external gates shall be as high
as the fence (2.5m).
If the elevation width exceeds 30 m

Gate 6m 6m Gate

Road 30-30 m Wide


Entrance

Entrance
Side Road Less Than 20-30 m

Side Road Less Than 20-30 m


Figure 22: Factory gates dimensions should the
facade be more than 30m wide

If the elevation width doesn't exceed 30 m


Entrance

Entrance
Side Gate 3m 5m Main Gate

Road 30-30 m Wide Main Road 40 m Main Road 40 m

Figure 23: Factory gates dimensions should the Figure 24: Entrances from side roads
Figure 25: Possibility of having entrances
2.18 Utilities
facade be less than 30m wide
from main roads in case there is no facade
on a side road
41
Building requirements
2.18 Utilities

Natural and artificial lighting

1. Natural lighting shall be provided in work Air conditioning


places and employees facilities buildings 1. The production halls and administration
for a better lighting quality in the work buildings air conditioning system shall be
environment and a reduction of artificial centralized with operation control programs.
lighting costs. 2. Requirements specific to air conditioning
2. The factory undertakes the lighting of the and ventilation design and relevant
fence and of the external driveways using calculations shall be met as well as the
weather resistant lighting units general and special considerations stated
in the Saudi standard specifications and
Natural ventilation
requirements of the civil defense or the
The administrative buildings, the services
other accredited standard specifications
buildings and the workers buildings shall
such as ASHRAE or ARI
be naturally ventilated to prevent pollution
whereas buildings openings shall take prevailing Electricity
wind direction into account. A room shall be provided to house the
electric power transformers according to the
Natural ventilation means consisting of windows requirements of the power supply company.
and openings in the ceilings shall vary according The design and specifications of the room
to the type of building (administrative, facilities, shall be approved by the company and any
production hall) and to the use of the void. modifications related to the dimensions of
the transformers and the special equipment
requested by the company shall be made
during the design phase and before the
Ensuring outdoor lighting
beginning of the works.
A back-up electric power supply source shall
be provided for large factories, in case of
main electric power supply outage.
The electric power usage rates indicated in
table 6 are to be taken into account.

Communications
Each plot shall be equipped with a telephone
cable with at least 5 lines, installed by the
telecommunications company according to
the approved specifications.
T his shall be coordinated with the
telecommunications operator in the
industrial city.
42
Building requirements
Utilities
2.18

Table 6
Electric power indicative rates depending on various manufactures
Industrial activity Electric power use (kVA/

Manufacture of food products 2/50m2

Manufacture of textile and wearing apparel 3/50m2

Manufacture of wood, wood products and furniture 2/50m2

Manufacture of paper, printing and publishing 2/60m2


Manufacture of chemicals and plastic products 2/60m2

Manufacture of building materials, porcelain and glass 4/100m2

Manufacture of basic metals 6/75m2

Manufacture of fabricated metal products, machinery and equipment 4/60m2


Cold storages and warehouses 3/30m2

Source: International specifications

Potable water Sanitary drainage


Potable water shall only be used for specific The factory is committed to build an internal
purposes in the production and not for the sanitary drainage network to be connected to
purpose of water packaging and sale or the main network using external connections of
cooling and washing. Accordingly, the use of at least 150mm diameter and to be implemented
this water and the required quantities yearly by the sanitary and industrial drainage operator
shall be clarified. in the industrial city.
Water shall be pure, colorless and odourless, Water supply lines and drainage lines shall be
of palatable taste and fresh. separated as far as possible from each other.
Potable water shall not be used for industrial A system shall be used for industrial water
purposes. treatment where necessary (such as in cement,
Ablution areas, bathrooms and kitchens shall chemicals, milk products manufactures), prior to
be provided with hot water. its discharge into the network, implementing the
The quantity of water required for factories environmental protection standards according to
uses varies between 25m 3/ha/day for the document 1401/1402H issued by the Saudi
factories with reduced needs and 200m3/ha Presidency of Meteorology and Environment or
for factories with increased needs (table 7). any of its supplements.
Workers needs inside the factory amount to Water resulting from the use in the factories shall
30 lt/worker/day. be treated before its discharge into the sanitary
Average irrigation water needs inside the network of the industrial city, should its specifi-
factories are estimated to amount to 10 lt/ cations exceed the permissible limits for a direct
day/m2. discharge into the drainage network.
43
Building requirements
2.18 Utilities

Table 7
Quantity of water required for various manufactures
Estimated number of Quantity of water
Type of manufacture Type of water required
workers per ha required

Food and beverage 50 Potable water 100% 100m3/ha/day

Pharmaceuticals 50 Potable water 100% 75m3/ha/day


les to
ach other Building materials 50 Potable water 100% 100m3/ha/day

Cleaning products 50 Potable water 100% 50m3/ha/day

ory si Wood and metal 100


Potable water 30%
100m3/ha/day
Treated industrial wastewater 70%

Potable water 30%


Petrochemicals 50 200m3/ha/day
Treated industrial wastewater 70%

nd
Potable water 30%
Plastic 50 200m3/ha/day
Treated industrial wastewater 70%
Source: Specifications established in the industrial cities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Rainwater drainage Solid waste


Rainwater shall not be discharged into the A location shall be assigned by the factory
sanitary drainage network within the plot boundaries to collect (store)
non-hazardous solid and industrial waste,
provided that waste collection means have
a secure and easy access to such location.
T he storage surface area shall be
determined according to the solid waste
Land Plot
quantities produced and to the necessary
Rainwater Drains Garbage
On The Roof Limits
Non-Hazardous
storage duration before waste collection Solid Waste

Collection Tanks Factory Building by the competent parties. The ground of


the storage room shall be made of concrete
Every 20 m

and shall extend at least one meter from all


sides of the stored containers or bins. Production
Area

Towards Rainwater Drainage


Figure 28: Ground plan
Figure27 : Rainwater showing sorted solid
drainage in the factory waste special containers

44
Building requirements
Environmental conditions and Industrial Safety conditions
2.19

2.19 Environmental conditions and Industrial Safety

conditions PME. Please refer to chapter one of the


detailed guide.
1. Conditions and standards governing air 5. T he standard specifications and the
quality, noise, smelly substances, toxic specifications of the Saudi Standards
and harmful substances shall be applied as Metrology and Quality Organisation shall be
well as standards governing flash and flare, applied to all building operations and where
radiation and radioactive substances, smoke, not available, the approved international
dust, vapor and air polluting substances, specifications shall apply.
vibrations, water pollution and other, 6. The factory shall seek to obtain an ISO
according to the General Environmental certification for environmental management,
Rules issued by the Presidency of so as to achieve more progress and
Meteorology and Environment. improvement in the environmental
2. The firefighting standards and requirements
issued by the civil defense and pertaining
to firefighting in factories and industrial
buildings shall be applied.
3. T he Presidency of Meteorology and
Environment is the competent authority
for fighting pollution and protecting the
environment. The Environmental protection
standards stipulated in the requirements
and rules for implementation of the PME
require all parties to submit a demand
as mentioned in the appendix of the
environmental standards and procedures
for industrial establishments and services in
the industrial city issued by the Authority.
4. It is possible that an environmental impact
study is requested from some parties
according to the requirements of the

45
Building requirements
2.20 Checklist for the second part

2.20 Checklist for the second part


protection field.

Not
No
required

Taking into consideration the environmental and natural factors surrounding the site
Taking into account the topography and geology of the site and the soil and land drainage particularities o o
Benefiting from the advantages of the climate conditions and avoiding the disadvantages o o
Ensuring an appropriate level of environmental control, natural and artificial lighting o o
Considering noise abatement with regard to the other adjacent buildings o o
Optimal distribution of voids within the general site
Taking maximum advantage of the site surface area and of the shape of the plot o o
Integration of site planning and main circulation axes o o
Choosing the optimal orientation for the building
Taking maximum advantage of the indirect sunlight o o
Mutual shading between buildings (in case there are several buildings) o o o
Shading of pedestrian walkways o o
Orientation of the building in the direction of prevailing winds o o
Adapting the buildings shape to the shape of the site and to the type of manufacturing activities
Adapting the building shape to the type of manufacture and manufacturing processes o o
Locating the facilities and related services in the proper locations o o
Taking into account extension and future expansion o o o
Careful design of circulation flows, entrances and exits
Provision of sufficient areas for loading and unloading within the plot boundaries o o
Provision of areas for circulation flows around end products warehouses o o
Allocation of waiting areas for trucks and vehicles being loaded on the site o o
Provision of safe, appropriate and specified pedestrian walkways between car parkings and pavements o o
Taking into account landscaping and parking places
Securing car parking areas for agents and employees, as close as possible to the administration building o o
Securing truck parking areas taking their time periods of movement o o
Improving the truck parking areas setting by planting trees o o

46
Building requirements
Checklist for the second part
2.20

Taking care of the factory facade in terms of design, embellishment and finishing o o
Taking into consideration floor area ratios within the plot according to the following rates:
Total built-up area 50% o o
Circulation space and road connections 35% o o
Open areas for landscaping 5% o o
Expansion 10% o o o
Observance of following setbacks:
Front setback no less than 13.5m o o
Side and rear setbacks no less than 6m o o
No structures to be located in the setback areas, save for the electricity room, the main switchgears and reserve o o
generator room, the guards room and parking areas and the fuel and gas tanks

Observance of following heights:


The maximum permissible height of the production units in the factory does not exceed 20m o o
The height of the production units is not less than 6m o o
Observance of the following requirements in the loading and unloading areas:
Determining loading and unloading areas on the master plan, securing unhindered cars and trucks movements o o
Provision of sufficient manoeuvring space for large trucks o o
Determining truck parking places and referring to the special information list concerning truck dimensions o o
Taking into consideration minimum spacing between loading bays o o
Observance of open spaces requirements
Dedicate a minimum of 5% of plot area to open spaces o o
Dedicate 1m within the setback from the fence to landscaping and small tree planting o o
Dedicate 1m around the administration building to landscaping o o
Observance of building requirements
Creation of an integrated building and avoidance of top, side and rear additional parts o o
Spaces between buildings no less than 5m o o o
Windows in the production hall no less than 1m wide and 1m high o o

47
Building requirements
2.20 Checklist for the second part

Taking into consideration mutual shading between buildings o o


Paying attention to the design of the different facades
Air conditioning units shall not be visible on the factory external facades o o
The minimum width of the administration building gate is no less than 2m o o
Construction of external walls with layers of cement blocks at least 2m high o o
Securing minimum facilities for employees in the production halls o o
Provision of a praying room, a canteen, water closets, a buffet, a locker room and a first-aid room o o
Provision of a separation between the facilities for female workers and the facilities for male workers o o
Provision of a first-aid room of at least 10m2 surface area o o
Meeting the following criteria: one washbasin/15 workers, one WC/15 workers, one water cooler dispenser/60 o o
workers, one ablution faucet/15 workers

Site requirements
Fences from all sides shall be of square steel section according to the model approved by the Authority o o
Entrances shall be on the side roads only (20-30m). No entrances shall be located on roads wider than 30m
unless there are no side roads allowing the factory to open a gate on, according to the industrial city requirements
o o

Each factory shall have at least two gates o o


Provision of a pavement around the production halls no less than 60cm wide and 15cm higher than the road
level surrounding the productions halls
o o
Placing an advertising sign with the name of the factory according to the model approved by the Authority o o

48
3
General requirements and procedures

Owner Investors obligations

51
51

PULS Power Supplies factory to

Sustainability in industrial buildings


which the prestigious LEED
gold sustainability certificate was
awarded China

51
51
52 Sustainability in industrial buildings

52
Sustainability in industrial buildings 3

Sustainability and preservation of resources MODON encourages the owners and


are currently considered the most modern investors to seriously consider sustainability,
concepts. Their incorporation in the through working on the incorporation of the
development requirements, the design and sustainability concepts into the development
the management of facilities leads to savings and design of industrial establishments, the
in power consumption and natural resources observance of standards and recommended
and to achieving a better residential and work instructions.
environment. Sustainable design of industrial MODON also encourages the developers,
buildings brings about the following benefits: the consultants and the contractors working
Efficiency in facilities and buildings design in the industrial cities to secure the means and
and reduction of power consumption solutions to reduce waste production starting
R ationalisation of potable water from the design of the factory and related
consumption which helps reducing waste installations and to secure dedicated areas for
water and consequently reducing the cost the collection and sorting of waste deriving
of water treatment or transportation from the operation of the factory, throughout
Improvement of the environment inside the construction phase and finally during the
the buildings, through a series of important operation of the factories.
elements such as the quality of the air,
the appropriate indoor temperature, the
management of glare, day light and other
factors.
Reduction of negative impacts on the
external environment, including a lower
emission of toxic gases, a reduction of
water and air pollution and lower water
consumption
Achievement of profitability on the medium
and long term through the reduction of the
costs related to power and other resources,
to operation and building maintenance and
securing a better production environment
in the factories through a better indoor
environment for the worker.

53
3 Sustainability in industrial buildings

Efficiency of resource materials

Design Construction Operation

Reduction of waste during design Reduction of waste during the Reduction of waste during the
through: construction of factories and operation of factories and related
Off-site manufacturing related facilities through: facilities through:
Use of standard components Waste management plan Collection and sorting of waste
Provision of areas for recyclable Waste production reduction Recycling of waste
materials Waste sorting
Waste recycling

In order to reduce the environmental impact Table 8:


resulting from the factories operations, it is
Example of recyclable materials
recommended that factory owners or staffs
dedicate places for recyclable waste. The Offices Manufactures
surface area of such places depend on the
Paper Paper
surface of the factory and related buildings,
the type of product and manufacturing method Cardboard Cardboard

and can be carefully determined by specialists Metallic containers


in waste management and recycling. Plastic
of liquids
Glass containers of
Glass
liquids
Plastic Wood

Metals

54
4

Procter & Gamble plant

Design phases of factories and related


Dammam industrial city

services buildings

57
Design phases of factories and related services buildings
58

Part 4: Design phases of factories and related


services buildings

4.1 Phase one: Site soil studies and settlements......................................................................... 59

4.2 Phase two: Preliminary design of buildings........................................................................... 59

4.3 Phase three: Final design phase............................................................................................ 59

58
Design phases of factories and related services buildings
First, second and third phases
4.1-4.3

4.1 P
 hase one: Site soil 4.3 Phase three: Final design
studies and settlements phase

This phase includes: Further to the approval of the preliminary


Execution of borings, identification of land designs, final designs are prepared and include
topography and levels the following:
Industrial licensing Architectural work plans
Plot allocation notice General site landscaping plans
General site sketch Structural works
Site program preparation Site sanitary works
General site preliminary layout preparation B uildings sanitary works plans and
Industrial layout showing the sequence of documents
production operations of the project and Electric power works
required surface areas Telephone and telecommunication works
Surface areas and setbacks use program plans
Factory needs in terms of electric power, Air conditioning and ventilation works plans
required water and sanitary drainage Industrial safety plans
quantities
R equired water standards limits and
standards of sanitary water discharged from
the factory.

4.2 Phase two: Preliminary


design of buildings

Further to the approval of phase one,


preliminary drawings of the architectural
design of the buildings are prepared (ground
plans of ground floor and repeated upper
floors) and include: the guards room, the
electric power control room, the fence and any
other buildings within the general site.

59
General requirements and procedures
List of references
Owner Investors obligations
161
6

List of references

1. Baki, M., (2008). Industrial city planning from an environmental perspective. Engineering Research Journal, Vol.: 120
2. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistics Division, (2009). International Standard Industrial
Classification of Economic activities. Statistical paper. Series M / 4 Revision. New York. USA
3. Drury,J., (1981) Factories : Planning, Design and Modernisation .The Architectural Press ; New York : Nicholas
Publishing Company
4. Drury,J. & Falconer, P.,(2003). Buildings for industrial storage and distribution. 2nd edition.The Architectural Press ;
New York: Nicholas Publishing Company
5. Quentin, P., (2002).The Architects Handbook. Blackwell Science Ltd, a Blackwell Publishing Company Editorial
Offices:9600 Garsington
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