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Complex Object

Complex Object - , ,
. :

, .
, .
,
.
- Complex Object -
.

+ to
to / ing- ,
:

I want you to go to the shop


I would like you to play with the child
I saw him cross the street


, , ,

Complex object + to

Complex object + to :

Mother wants me to get good marks at school. ,


.
We know him to speak Spanish well. , -.
Would you like me to help you with Math? ,
?
The teacher expected the students to hand in the tests at once. ,
.
I like you to smile. ,
I would prefer you to return home by taxi. Its late ,
. .

Complex object + to

Complex object + to make


let ,

Dont make me drink milk, I hate it! , !


In my childhood my parents made me study to play the piano
.
Let the children play in the park, the weather is wonderful.
, .
Dont let her go there alone, she may get lost. ,
.

Complex object

to, ing-

(do) ing- (doing)


: , , ,
to (do),
, ing- (doing)

1. , : .
: ?
to: I saw him open the
window
2. , , , :
. : ?
ing- : I saw him
opening the window.
We saw her crossing the river , .
I felt somebody touch my shoulder. , - .
I didnt notice him put the letter on the table. ,
.
At the zoo we often watched monkeys playing in their cage.
, .
I often hear him playing the violin in his room. ,
.

to have something done

to have something done , ,


+ (V3), , -
.

I want to have my hair cut ( , ,


)
Father had his car repaired yesterday ( ,
)
You should have this carpet cleaned ( )
She had her children looked after in the evening when she went out
, .
Where do you usually have your dress made? ?

1. We looked at the sky and saw ___ in the clouds.


a) the plane disappear

b) the plane to be disappearing

c) the plane to disappear

2. We expect the Chinese delegation ____ tomorrow.


a) leaving

b) to leaving

c) to leave

3. Mr. Smith didn"t want his daughter ____ an actress.


a) become

b) to become

c) becoming

4. We expected ____ in water polo championship.


a) them to take part

b) they to take part

c) them take part

5. Mrs. Edwards usually ___ at home when he feels sick.


a) let her son stay

b) lets her son stay

c) lets het son to stay


6. Betty felt ___ to tremble.
a) her hands begin

b) her hands to begin

c) her hands to beginning

7. Linda is being very rude. I have never heard ___ to her mother like that before.
a) that she talks

b) her talk

c) her to talk

8. I don"t want ___ your grandfather. It's very impolite of you.


that you disturb

you disturb

you to disturb

9. The children are making too much noise. I"d like ___ quiet.
a) they to be

b) them to be

c) that they be

10. The last drop makes ___.


a) the cup run over

b) the cup running over

c) the cup to run over


English grammar exercises and activities for teaching Complex object to English
language learners. Some exercises include answer keys.

Exercise 1

Make up as many sentences as you can using the words and word-groups from each column
of the substitution table. Pay attention that after verbs 'to see, to hear, to feel, to let, to
make, etc...' the infinitive has no particle 'to' .

1) with the verb 'to see'

We see(s)
He saw
Everybody
2) with the verb 'to hear'

I hear(s) hea
We
He
They

3) with the verb 'to feel'

The patient feel(s)


I felt
He

4) with the verb 'to want'

I want(s) wan
She
Our teacher

5) with the verb 'to make'

I make(s)
Mother made

5) with the verb 'to let'


I let(s)
She let
They

6) with the verb 'to expect'

I expect(s) ex
We
Mother

6) with the verb 'should like' / 'would like'

I should like

Exercise 2

Change the complex sentences into simple ones using complex objects.

Model:
A: I think that the flat is very cosy.
B: I think the flat to be very cosy.

1. I think that a shower is a most important convenience.


2. I think that our water supply is not good.
3. I saw that he pressed the bell.
4. I did not expect that they would come in time.
5. I watched how he spoke on the phone.
6. He heard that the telephone rang.
7. I saw that he took out his latch-key.
8. She believed that he had stolen her money to pay his debts.
9. He wants that this work will be done.
10. He wants that this work will have been done by Friday.
Answer key:
1. I think a shower to be a most important convenience.
2. I think our water supply not to be good.
3. I saw him press the bell.
4. I did not expect them to come in time.
5. I watched him speak on the phone.
6. He heard the telephone ring.
7. I saw him take out his latch-key.
8. She believed him to have stolen her money to pay his debts.
9. He wants this work to be done.
10. He wants this work to have been done by Friday.
Exercise 3
Combine the following sentences using either Complex Object or that-clause (pay attention
to Sequence of tenses).

1. They havent seen. The railway accident occurred near the station.
2. I heard. They argued about different tastes in art.
3. I see. Your tastes differ greatly.
4. We heard. He made a report on his new discovery.

Answer key:

1. They havent seen the railway accident have occurred near the station. - They havent
seen that the railway accident had occurred near the station.
2. I heard them argue about different tastes in art. / I heard them arguing about different
tastes in art. - I heard that they argued about different tastes in art.
3. I see your tastes differ greatly. - I see that your tastes differ greatly.
4. We heard him make a report on his new discovery. / We heard him making a report on
his new discovery. - We heard that he made a report on his new discovery.
Exercise 4
Practise in using Comlpex Object after 'make'. Change the sentences according to the
model.

Model:
A: His mother advised him to write a story.
B: His mother made him write a story.

1. His father advised him to quit smoking.


2. His brother advised him to get a new job.
3. Marys teacher advised her to take part in the writing contest.
4. Her parents advised her to move to Chicago.

Exercise 5

Practise sentences with Complex Object after the verb 'want'. Say that you (he, she, they,
etc.) want somebody to do the following.

Model:
A: I want to be introduced to Mr Laurie. (the host)
B: I want the host to introduce me to Mr Laurie.

1. The patient wanted to be examined. (the doctor)


2. The man wants to be treated for rheumatism. (Doctor House)
3. He wished to be cured of his illness. (the specialist)
4. Usually English people dont like to be asked personal questions. (strangers)

Answer key: 1. The patient wanted the doctor to examine him. 2. The man wants Doctor
House to treat him for rheumatism. 3. He wished the specialist to cure him of his illness. 4.
Usually English people dont like strangers to ask personal questions.

Exercise 6

Combine sentences using Complex Subject.

Model:
A: I heard him. He answered the door-bell.
B: I heard him answer the door-bell.

1. He saw her. She burst into tears.


2. I havent heard him. He called my name.
3. The nurse watched the boy. The boy cried.
4. I felt his hand. His hand shook.
5. We saw a man. The man pulled the door open.
Answer: 1. He saw her burst into tears. 2. I havent heard him call my name. 3. The nurse
watched the boy cry. 4. I felt his hand shake. 5. We saw the man pull the door open.

Exercise 7

Practise in using Complex Object.


a. Say what you (he, she) would (should) like me (him, her) to do.

Model:
to fix an appointment for someone for Monday
A: I would like you to fix an appointment for me for Monday.

1. to have a good time at the party;


2. to arrange everything by the time I come back;
3. to show them the historical monuments of the city;
4. to tell me the news in brief.

b. Ask a friend if he wants you to do the following. Work in pair.

Model:
to take care of the tickets
A: Do you want me to take care of the tickets?
B: Yes, do please.

1. to come and help you with the packing;


2. to brief the pressman about the State Visit;
3. to show you some historical places of our city;
4. to entertain the guests;
5. to make a speech in Italian.

c. Say that you want certain thing (to be) done.

Model:
to answer a telephone call
A: I want a telephone call to be answered

1. to publish the historical manuscripts;


2. to do the steak well;
3. to do the work properly;
4. to forget this incident;
5. to tell the story in brief.

d. Ask a friend if he has heard or seen the following. Work in pair.

Model:
the Chairman to make an announcement
A: Did you hear the Chairman make an announcement?
B: Yes, I certainly did. (No, I am sorry, I didnt.)

1. they (to tell) about the car accident;


2. these flowers (to grow) in your country;
3. he (to do) the role of Richard III;
4. George (to take) the papers out of his brief-case.

Exercise 8

Read the extract from the poem pointing out complex objects. Learn the extract by
heart.

The Wind
(by R. L. Stevenson)

I saw you toss the kites on high


And blow the birds about the sky.
And all round I heard you pass
Like ladies skirts across the grass.
Oh, wind, a-blowing all day long,
Oh, wind, that sings so loud a song!
I saw the different things you did.
But always you yourself you hid.
I felt you push, I heard you call,
I could not see yourself at all.
O wind, a-blowing all day long!
O wind, that sings so loud a song !
When I grow up, I want to have a job that allows me to ________ a lot of money.
2. We would be very happy if the countries in the Middle East _________peace.
3. I always _______ my best.
4. I shall ________ all the arrangements for you.
5. This has nothing to ______ with you.
6. The British like to ________business with the Americans.
7. When there is no food to eat, everyone has to _________ without.
8. The President ________ an excellent speech yesterday.
9. I hate it when my little brother __________ fun of me.
10. All soldiers must _________ their duty.
11. I think the airplane leaves at 8 a.m., but you had better _________ sure.
12. I have nothing to _______ tomorrow afternoon. Let's go to the cinema!
13. At the end of each holiday, I always think it wouldn't ___________me any harm to have
one more week off.
14. Have you ____________ your homework?
15. How do you _________?

__________________________________________________________________________
1. When I grow up, I want to have a job that allows me to ________ a lot of money.
2. We would be very happy if the countries in the Middle East _________peace.
3. I always _______ my best.
4. I shall ________ all the arrangements for you.
5. This has nothing to ______ with you.
6. The British like to ________business with the Americans.
7. When there is no food to eat, everyone has to _________ without.
8. The President ________ an excellent speech yesterday.
9. I hate it when my little brother __________ fun of me.
10. All soldiers must _________ their duty.
11. I think the airplane leaves at 8 a.m., but you had better _________ sure.
12. I have nothing to _______ tomorrow afternoon. Let's go to the cinema!
13. At the end of each holiday, I always think it wouldn't ___________me any harm to
have one more week off.
14. Have you ____________ your homework?
15. How do you _________?