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EXAMPLE 19.9 Filtration Time in a Plate-and-Frame Filter.

Tests conducted on a laboratory plate-and-frame filter produced the data given


3
below. Determine the time required to process 50 m of the same filtrate in a

filter press with an area of 50 m2 , using the same cloth and filter aid as the
laboratory unit.

Data
kg
c =2710 3
m
10
6.46210
Medium Resistance Rm =
m
7 Nh
Filtrate viscosity =2.7810
m2
kg
c F =10.037
m3

m
=1.06910 11
kg

Solution

The pump characteristic curve, Figure 19.25, shows the pump discharge pressure,
as a function of volumetric flow rate through the pump, Q. Assume the flow rate is
the filtrate, where Q=dV/dt. The
time required for a volume of filtrate, V, is
V
dV
t=
0 Q
which can be numerically integrated as follows. Assume the P across the filter
medium and cake in bar = the discharge pressure of the pump in barg. Rearrange
the Darcy equation, (19-22), so that V is a function of Q:

AC P
Q=

[
Rm +a C F
( )]
V
AC

Solving for V,
V=
CF[
AC AC P
Q
R m ]
Thus, using SI units

V=
50
11
2.7810 ( 1.06910 ) 10.037
7 Q [
50 P
2.78107 ( 6.4621010)
]
V =0.00838
[ P
Q
359
]
Using the pump characteristic curve of Figure 19.25, tabulate Q, P, V from (4) and
3 3
1/Q starting from Q=45 m /h and marching down increments of 5 m /h
3
The plot 1/Q vs V until it just exceeds 50 m /h .
3
From (1) by graphical integration, the area under the curve from V=0 to 50 m /h ,
as shown in figure 19.26 is equal to the filtration time.
m3 N V , m3 1 s
Q, P105 , ,
h m
2
Q m3

45 0.2 0.72 80
40 0.75 12.71 90
35 1.15 24.53 103
30 1.4 36.10 120
25 1.6 50.62 144
20 1.75 70.31 180
15 1.8 97.55 240

1 s
=140 3
Q m
50
1
t= dV
0 Q
50
t= 140 dV =7000 seg=1.94 hr
0
Graphical integration
300

250

200

1/Q 150

100

50

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100