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1.

introduction

In this present work we will speak of prepositions. Preposition is one of the


important parts of speech of English grammar. It is very essential while making a
sentence as it provide additional and necessary details. Prepositions in English are
words giving information to the readers such as where something takes place, when
something takes place, why something takes place, general descriptive information.

A preposition describes a relationship between other words in a sentence. In itself, a


word like "in" or "after" is rather meaningless and hard to define in mere words. For
instance, when you do try to define a preposition like "in" or "between" or "on," you
invariably use your hands to show how something is situated in relationship to
something else.
2. Definition of Preposition

Preposition can be defined as A word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or


pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause, as in
the man on the platform, she arrived after dinner, what did you do it for?

2.1 What is Preposition?

Preposition is one of the important parts of speech of English grammar. It is very


essential while making a sentence as it provide additional and necessary details.
Prepositions in English are words giving information to the readers such as where
something takes place, when something takes place, why something takes place, general
descriptive information, etc. Prepositions work in groups of words (also called
prepositional phrases) and do not stand alone.

2.2 List of prepositions

Some preposition words are like about, till, out, above, against, below, beneath, beside,
besides, between, through, up, upon, within, during, except, for, from, in, off, on, onto,
opposite, near, of, behind, inside, into, outside, around, before, among, to, along, at,
toward, under, underneath, across, like, until, with, beyond, by, down, since, without,
after, etc.

For example:

My class teacher laughed. (this is a correct sentence, however does not provide
much detail about the situation without a preposition word)
My class teacher laughed at the joke. (in this sentence, preposition word is used
properly which gives us much detail about the situation)
It is a box for (Preposition word 'for' is showing the relationship between box
and rice)
I saw a cat under the table. (Preposition word 'under' is showing the relationship
between cat and table)
3. Types of Preposition

There are various types of prepositions described below with proper definition and
examples:

Simple Preposition
Compound Preposition
Phrase Preposition
Participle Preposition
Double Preposition

Other Preposition (preposition of place, preposition of time, preposition of


direction)

3.1 Simple Preposition

Simple prepositions are used in the simple sentences. Some of the simple
prepositions are in, on, at, to, from, with, by, about, over, under, off, of, for, etc.

For example:

I am not going with

She is waiting in the park.

Dad is going to the market.

Compound Preposition

Compound prepositions are used to join two nouns, pronouns or phrases. Some of
the compound prepositions are about, across, among, beside, before, above, along,
inside, between, around, behind, below, beneath, etc.

For example:

My city is located between two mountains.

I will finish the lunch before

I want to know about


3.2 Phrase Preposition

Prepositional phrases are groups of words having prepositions indicating


relationships among various elements in the sentence. Some of the phrase
prepositions are according to, an account of, in spite of, in front of, for the sake of,
in order to, by means of, with reference to, in addition to, due to, etc.

For example:

I returned home due to condolence in the college.

According to me, there were three mango trees in the garden.

I work hard in order to maintain my position in the class.

3.3 Participle Preposition

A participle preposition is a participle (like an, ed, or ing verb) which acts as a
preposition such as assuming, considering, barring, given, concerning,
notwithstanding, pending, during, regarding, respected, provided, etc.

For example:

I get sick during summer season.

I would like to speech regarding healthy food.

My project work is still pending.

I think I can pass the exam easily considering my hard work.

3.4 Double Preposition

Double prepositions are words having two prepositions (joined together to make a
whole new one) such as into, onto, outside of, out of, within, from behind, because
of, etc.

For example:

We need to solve three questions out of

We won the game just because of


I need to complete my project within four days.

4. Other Types of Prepositions

Following are other types of prepositions:

4.1 Preposition of Place

Prepositions of place are used to show the place where something is located such as
at, in, on, while, during, near, over, under, between, behind, etc.

For example:

Dog is on the floor.

My home is near to the office.

My home is behind the metro station.

Mom is in the room.

4.2 Preposition of Time:

Prepositions of time are used to indicate time of an action or time relationship


between nouns in the sentence. Such as at, to, in, etc.

For example:

I go to school daily at nine oclock.

My result gets declared in March.

4.3 Preposition of Direction

Prepositions of direction are used to indicate direction of someone or something in


the sentence such as over, under, to, on, into, in, onto, right, left, etc.

For example:

It's time to go to

The train is going into the tunnel.

We are going over the bridge.


5. Conclusion

It can be seen, then, that Preposition is one of the important parts of speech of
English grammar. It is very essential while making a sentence as it provide
additional and necessary details.

In these examples, the case markings form a word with their hosts (as shown by
vowel harmony, other word-internal effects and agreement of adjectives in Finnish),
while the postpositions are independent words. As is seen in the last example,
adpositions are often used in conjunction with case affixes in languages that have
case, a given adposition usually takes a complement in a particular case, and
sometimes (as has been seen above) the choice of case helps specify the meaning of
the adposition.
6. Bibliography

Primary sources

Helsinki Corpus of English Texts (1991) Helsinki: Department of English. In: ICAME

Collection of English Language Corpora (CD-ROM)

1997 - 2017 by Robin L. Simmons

O'Conner, Patricia T.; Kellerman, Stewart (2009). Origins of the Specious: Myths and
Misconceptions of the English Language. New York: Random House. p. 17. ISBN 978-
1-4000-6660-5.

Jump up ^ Jespersen, Otto (1962). Essentials of English Grammar. London: George


Allen & Unwin. p. 69.