Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 51

D .

Sabemos los suficiente sobre la morfodinmica de


ros Amaznicos? Necesitamos lneas de base para el

h
proyecto de Hidrovias?

P
b)

d , Jorge D. Abad

a C P jabadc@utec.edu.pe

A b U
Director, Ingenieria Ambiental,
Director, CITA@UTEC (Centro de Investigaciones y
Tecnologa del Agua)

.
D to P
g e n
Academic Director, CREAR (Center for Research and
Education of the Amazonian Rainforest)

o r v e
J E Collaborators/co-authors
Hugo Montoro, Jorge Vizcarra, Diego Gago, Jorge Paredes, officers
+technitians (SHNA)
Ronald Gutierrez, Jiaoli Ren, Catalina Escobar, Alejandro Mendoza,
Christian Frias, Collin Ortals, Adrian Garcia, Renne Corbet (PIT)
Zara Torres, Karen Garcia, Jorge Bardales, Giorly Machuca (UNAP)
Marco Paredes (SENAMHI)
The Modern Amazon Basin

D .
Hoorn et al. (2010)

P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
D .
PERU Mayor biodiversidad que otros pases amaznicos
Drain Area: 6,915,000 km2 (40% of South America)

P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
Castello et al (2013)

o r v e
J E
Hoorn et al. (2010)

Hoorn et al. (2010)


D .
Transporte de sedimentos desde los Andes al Ocano Atlntico
Existen zonas de captura de sedimentos, los Andes son la principal fuente de sedimentos

P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
.
1) Meandering rivers (cutoffs and paleo-
River patterns in the Amazon Basin channels)

hD
, P
ad P 2) Confluence of meander trains

b U C
. A P
D to
g e n 3) Anabranching rivers

o r v e
J E
Hoorn et al. (2010)
 WATER DISCHARGE 

D .
SEDIMENT DISCHARGE

P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v
Goulding et al. (2003) e
J E
D .
P h
d ,
a C P
A b
ANTHROPOGENIC ISSUES U IN THE
.
AMAZON
D to P
BASIN

g e n
o r v e
J E
 Water ways (IIRSA
NORTE)

D .
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
http://www.mtc.gob.pe/portal/logypro/Proyectos%20programados%202013.pdf
HARBORS

D .
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
http://www.mtc.gob.pe/portal/logypro/proy_puertos2009.pdf
.
Importancia de Sedimentos de los Andes Norte-Este

D
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e http://dams-info.org/en

J E
Goulding et al. (2003)
D .
Que componentes morfodinamicos
P h existen
en un rio?
d ,
a C P
A b
Aparte de monitorear:
Flujos de agua y sedimentos U
(suspendidos y
. fondo) P
D to
g e n
o r v e
CITA@UTEC
J E
.
Statistical tools for morphodynamic signals

D
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
D .
CARACTERIZAR!P
h
d ,
CARACTERIZAR!
a C P
A b U
DINAMICA DE RIOS ES CRUCIAL!!!!!!!!!!
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
CITA@UTEC
J E
D .
P h
Planform evolution isd
,
a P
important?
C
A b U
Gutierrez and Abad (2014, Water Resources Research)

. P
Gutierrez and Abad. (In preparation, Geophysical Research Letters)

D to
g e n
o r v e
J E
D .
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
1)

D .
Rivers are dynamic, but are they freely?
Most linear models freely meandering evolution

h
2) Cutoffs are produced geometrically and erased from history No paleo-channel preservation
3) Geology valley is not considered

, P
ad P
b U C
. A P
D to
g e n
o r v e
J E
Lancaster, 2002
Northing
Tahuamanu-East, Class G2
D .
 Spatial frequency dynamic equilibrium conditions arc-
wavelengths

Rc

P h s

d ,
a
oxbow lakes

C P
A b U Easting
WPE

= / .
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E Are these dominant spatial scales constant in time?
S

They fluctuate around the dynamic equilibrium conditions


Gutierrez and Abad (2014, Water Resources Research)
Valley
D .
 Planform amplitude departure from valley centerline Tahuamanu-East (Bolivia)

centerline
River

P
centerline
h SignalVc

d , Modulation

?
BV
a C P
A b U
SignalRc

.
D to P
g e n

(/B)
o r v e
J E
Is the planform amplitude related to degree of confinement? s
geology confinement occurrence of cutoffs
Gutierrez and Abad (2014, WRR)
Pre- and post-cutoff metrics

D .
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
and channel)

D .
 A nonlinear model including dynamic mesh adaptation (floodplain

P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
 Flow transition during neck
cutoffs

D .
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
Sources for TSS (total suspended sediments)

D .
TSS: total suspended sediments
MR: avg. annual migration rate

P h
CR: avg. annual cutoff rate
NL: total number of observable oxbow lakes

d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e Constantine (2014)

J E
D .
Potential changes in rivers without adequate knowledge
[2] Long-term modeling of meandering channels: Nonlinear model

Johannesson and Parker (1985)

P h
,
Meander growth
d
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
Stable meanders

o r v e
J E
Langendoen, E., Mendoza, A., Abad, J. D., Tassi, P., Wang, D., Ata, R., El Kadi Abderrezzak, K., Hervouet, J-M. (2015), Advances in Water Resources.
D .
P h
Bedform evolution s d
,
a P
important?
C
A b
Li, Z., Mendoza, A., Abad, J. D. et al. In review, Geophysical Research Letters

U
Li, Z., Abad, J. D. In preparation, Geophysical Research Letters

.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
D .
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
Ongoing simulations
D .
P h
d
EJEMPLO RIO AMAZONAS,
CARACTERIZAR NO A ESCALA LOCAL
PERUANO
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
CITA@UTEC
J E
La evolucin entre
D .
1985 1989
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E Deposition
Erosion
La evolucin entre
D .
1989 1996
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E Deposition
Erosion
La evolucin entre
D .
1996 - 2001
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E Deposition
Erosion
La evolucin entre
D .
2001 - 2005
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E Deposition
Erosion
La evolucin entre
D .
2005 - 2010
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E Deposition
Erosion
La evolucin entre
D .
2010 - 2016
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v eJenaro Herrera

J E Deposition
Erosion
La evolucin entre
D .
2010 - 2016
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v eJenaro Herrera

J E Deposition
Erosion
D .
P h
d ,
P
Elevacin (m)
211

39

b a C
. A P U
D to
g e n
o r v e
J E
D .
P h
,
Nmero de canales e islas
d P
Estructuras 1985-2010

b a C Canales Islas

. A P U
Numero

D to
g e n
o r v e
J E
D .
P h
Anlisis de las islas
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
Angulo (o)

g e n
o r v e
J E
D .
P h
,
Anlisis de los canales
d
a C P Longitud de Canal (m)

A b U
. P
Sinuosidad
D to
g e n
o r v e
J E
D .
P h
,
Anlisis de erosin y deposicin
d
a P
Estructuras 1985-2010

C
A b U
Erosin Deposicin
rea (km2)

.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
D .
P h

d ,
La actividad de los canales %=

a C P
A b U Agua

.
D to P Deposici
n
Erosin

g e n
o r v e
J E
D .
P h
Actividad y sinuosidad de los canales
d ,
a C P
b U
Actividad Porcentual - Anual

. A P
D to
g e n
o r v e
J E Sinuosidad
.
Anabranching structures along the Peruvian Amazon River

D
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
Why?
D .
 Who does the reworking of the floodplain

MS - Muyuy
P h
LS Leticia-Santa Rosa
b)

d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
.
Single beam measurements (Aug 2010) low flow

D
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
Abad and Montoro (in preparation)
Abad and Montoro (2013)
.
SC are non-developed meandering channels

D
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
D .
h-l trans MS h
l-h trans LS
P
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
MS site

D .
Low-flow (p)
h
Medium-flow (m)

P
High-flow (p)

d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
LS site

D .
Low-flow (p)
h
Medium-flow (m)

P
High-flow (p)

d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
.
Numerical modeling at natural scale
D
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
.
D to P
g e n
o r v e
J E
Ongoing work
Basic Research
FIRST EXPERIMENTS
D .
MAIN CHANNEL
P h
d ,
a C P
A b
MAIN CHANNEL+SECONDARY
U
. P
CHANNEL NEAR THE INFLECTION
POINT

D to
g e n
r v e
MAIN CHANNEL+SECONDARY

o
CHANNELS NEAR THE

J E
INFLECTION AND APEX POINTS
-
.
PROPUESTA
Faltan estudios morfolgicos de los ros Amaznicos

D
-
h
Los ros Huallaga, Maran, Ucayali y Amazonas influencian los dems
ros e interaccin con el ecosistema

P
-
,
Formacin de grupo de trabajo

Comunicaciones
a C P
Gestin del transporte acutico Ministerio de Transportes y

A b U
Datos Hidrolgicos Senamhi

.
D to P
Datos de Sedimentos, Hidrodinmicos, Morfodinmicos SHNA

Monitoreo y prediccin Estudios cientficos! Universidades peruanas

e n
Que aseguren la funcionalidad del rio

g e
Desarrollo de capacidades locales

o r v
Dragado Privado

J E
CITA@UTEC
D .
P h
d ,
a C P
A b U
. P
D toGRACIAS!
MUCHAS
g e n
o r v e
jabadc@utec.edu.pe
J E