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Mechanical Engineering ME2601 Control Systems & Advanced Mathematics Past Paper

Mechanical Engineering ME2601 Control Systems & Advanced Mathematics Past Paper

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Answer question A3

Section B: Answer EITHER question B1 or question B2.

Approved Calculator

If you submit answers to more questions than specified, final marks for the

examination will be determined using the best marks which satisfy the rubric.

- 1 -

___________________________________________________________________________

SECTION A

A1. Steels are alloys of iron with variable amounts of carbon and other elements:

(a) Discuss the different microstructures of hypoeutectoid, eutectoid and

hypereutectoid steels. [40%]

(b) Discuss the role of elements (other than carbon and iron) and their

influence on the mechanical properties of steel. [30%]

[30%]

(a) Discuss crystallinity and order in polymers and how those relate to the

mechanical properties. [40%]

strength and modulus. [30%]

[30%]

A3. Consider a metal alloy with a yield strength YS = 420 MPa and a Modulus of

Elasticity E = 140 GPa.

(a) What is the maximum load that can be applied to a specimen with a

cross sectional area of 120 mm2 without plastic deformation?

[40%]

(b) If the original specimen length is 90 mm, what is the maximum length to

which it can be elongated without causing plastic deformation?

[60%]

- 2 -

___________________________________________________________________________

SECTION B

B1.

(a) Ren and Stimpy are directors of a small engineering firm, who have

been using an old box truck in the operation of their business to make

collections and deliveries. The directors agree that this vehicle needs

replacement; however, each director has their own idea of what they

should get. Ren wants to buy a new box truck that will be capable of

collecting and delivering all of their potential orders, but Stimpy prefers

a small van that would accommodate most of their orders. He argues

that large orders could be dealt with, when the need arises, by leasing

an appropriate size truck or using a courier. He calculates that if they

have a similar number of journeys over the next year with a similar

number of large and small loads, then their average distribution cost

per product-mile will be 8. If they double their journeys and have to

use a courier more frequently, then the average distribution cost per

product-mile over the year will be 12.

Ren calculates that a box truck for double their journeys would only

cost 10 per product-mile, but agrees that if their loads are about the

same as this year the annual distribution cost will be 14 per product-

mile.

Both agree that their business has a 60% probability of doubling its

number of journeys in the forthcoming year, and a 40% probability of

remaining at the same level of activity as this year.

and Stimpys problem. [30%]

(ii) Calculate which decision, box truck or small van, would give them

the lowest cost per product-mile. [20%]

- 3 -

___________________________________________________________________________

very briefly what other financial factors Ren and Stimpy should be

considering in their purchase decision-making. [10%]

140

Point H

120

Point D

100

Line A Point G

80

(000s)

Point E Distance C

60

40

Distance B Sales revenue

20

Costs

0

0 10 20 30 40 50

Production volume (number of units)

(ii) The term for the sum of money represented by distance B [5%]

(iii) The term for the sum of money represented by distance C [5%]

(iv) Point D [5%]

(v) The area bounded by the triangle DEO (where O is the origin)

[5%]

(vi) The area bounded by the triangle DGH (where D and G have the

same value for x, x = 40 units of production) [5%]

(c) Engineering companies compete with each other on the basis of four

factors each beginning with the letter P: product, place, price and

- 4 -

___________________________________________________________________________

promotion. Briefly explain two of these factors, and how they influence

competitive business. [10%]

B2.

(a) The following table (Table B2.1) shows comparison data for a

consumable item that is used in a manufacturing process. There are

four variations of the product, which is sold in standard-sized

cartridges. The cost () relates to the amount paid for a single

cartridge. The distance (km) is that to the nearest supplier of each

variation A, B, C and D. The cost of delivery is 1 per kilometre, and

an additional charge is made by each supplier for packaging. The

number of operations is an indication of the life of each product.

Cost () Distance (km) Number of Cost of

operations packaging ()

Product A 480 60 30 12

Product B 500 50 50 10

Product C 720 120 60 12

Product D 810 90 180 9

Using the data in Table B2.1, develop a figure of merit and make a

recommendation as to which variation of the product provides the

cheapest option. [50%]

(b)

(i) Describe the difference between simple pay-back calculation

and discounted cash-flow analysis. [20%]

appropriate to apply when considering the following two

scenarios:

whether to rely on public transport for the next academic year,

or run a motor vehicle.

whether to build a new railway line from London to Birmingham.

- 5 -

___________________________________________________________________________

[20%]

which will yield savings of 200 per year over the next 15 years.

What is the term used to describe the sum of money calculated by

subtracting the accumulated savings the over the life-time of the

project discounted to their value today from the initial cost?

[5%]

(iv) If the sum identified in (iii) above equals zero (0) after 15 years,

and the discounting factor for the project was x%, then what term

would also apply to the value x% for the project?

[5%]

*****

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