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GREEN

ARCHITECTURE

Foreward
Journey of Green Architecture

Green buildings save energy, reduce CO2 emissions, conserve


water, improve the health of their occupants, increase productivity,
cost less to operate and maintain, and increasingly cost no
more to build than conventional structures. Because of these
benefits, they are becoming highly prized assets for companies,
communities and individuals nationwide, and a critically important
part of the solution to global climate change and energy
dependence.
The U.S. Green Building Councils LEED Green Building Rating
System has been the catalyst for this fundamental shift in how we
design, build, operate and maintain buildings. Since 2001, LEED has
provided building owners and operators with an objective, verifiable
definition of green, along with design and measurement tools
with the reliability and integrity they need to have an immediate,
quantifiable impact on their buildings performance. It has become

LEED

2001LEED

the nationally accepted benchmark because it provides a concise


framework for best-practices in high-performance green building
design and operations.
Education is the key to transforming the built environment
towards sustainability. Green Architecture contributes towards
that mission by covering the importance of energy efficiency in
our commercial and residential building stock while illustrating
the vast financial and environmental benefits of green building.

Endorsement from
U.S. Green Building Council

LEEDLEED

Contents Building Strategy

5 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology


15 Great River Energy Headquarters


23 Ballard Library and Neighbourhood Service Centre


29 Manassas Park Elementary School+Pre-K


+

37 Poquoson Elementary School


45 Santa Monica Civic Center Parking Structure


51 ASU Polytechnic Academic Buildings


57 Shangri La Botanical Gardens and Nature Centre


61 Granville New Homes


67 West Vancouver Community Centre


73 Vancouver Olympic-Paralympic Centre


/

81 Seattle City Hall


87 IRS Kansas City Campus


95 World Headquarters for the International Fund for Animal Welfare


101 BDP Manchester Studio


BDP

107 The Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Headquarters Building


113 Pacific Lutheran University, Morken Centre for Learning and Technology

119 Harvard University Library Services Building


123 Aldo Leopold Legacy Centre





Building Material Building Structure

127 Twelve|West 225 Dockside Green:Phases I & II


135 GreenCity Lofts 233 Richmond Olympic Oval


LOFT

139 Special NO 9 House 241 Calgary Courts Center


9

143 LivingHome, Santa Monica 249 Provincetown Art Association and Museum

149 Omega Center for Sustainable Living 257 UT School of Nursing and Student Center

155 Government Canyon Visitor Centre 263 Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Community College

159 World Birding Centre Headquarters

163 Jewish Reconstructionist Congregation


269 Index

169 James/Swenson Civil Engineering Building
/

175 Pocono Environmental Education Center


179 Cesar Chavez Library


183 University of California Santa Barbara Student Resource Building


193 University of Arizona Recreation Center Expansion


201 TWA Corporate Headquarters


TWA

207 Westcave Preserve Environmental Learning Center


213 Henderson Community Center


219 Immaculate Heart of Mary Motherhouse





King Abdullah University of


Science and Technology
Location: Saudi Arabia Designer: HOK Photographer: Jean Picoulet Completion date: 2009 Site area: The project team integrated a series of innovative strategies to create a low-
6,500,000 square feet energy, highly sustainable project in the context of an extremely hot, humid
HOK 2009 6,500,000 climate. They employed five strategies that borrow from local culture and
603,870 traditions to solve environmental issues.
Structurally like traditional Arabic cities, the campus is compressed as much
as possible to minimise the amount of exterior envelope exposed to the sun
and to reduce outdoor walking distances. As found in a traditional souk or
Arabic market, shaded and passively cooled circulation thoroughfares are
characterised by dramatic light and social spaces. The Arabic Bedouin tent
8
1 2 inspired designers to create a monumental roof system that spans across
1
building masses to block sun on building faades and into the pedestrian
spine, to facilitate natural ventilation and to filter light. Solar panels covering
7
the surface capture the sun's energy. Passive ventilation strategies of the
5
3
3
5
traditional Arabic house influenced the design of iconic, solar-powered wind
5 towers that harness energy from the sun and wind to passively create air flow
4 in pedestrian walkways. Similar to Arabic screening called mashrabiya, the
campus shades windows and skylights with an integral shading system that
6
reduces heat loads while creating dramatic dappled light.
3


Integral Shading High Performance Passively Cooled Filtered Daylight Solar Tower
Roof Courtyards



mashrabiya

Award name:
2010 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
Award-winning reason:
By integrating sustainable measures into the site planning, community, building
design and campus operations, the university is demonstrating new ways to
1. High performance roof 1.
2. Solar tower 2. build in the region and promoting responsible stewardship of the environment.
3. Passive ventilation 3. Materials:
4. High performance glazing 4. Passive Ventilation
5. Integrated shading 5. Pedestrian spine is cooled by draft created by Solar Tower;
6.
6. Local evaporation Openings into spine are oriented so as to draw fresh air from sea, and also to
7. Passively cooled courtyards 7.
8. allow in predominant westerly breezes;
8. Filtered daylight
Air Handlers in mechanical penthouses draw fresh air from the courtyards
along the spine, augmenting draft created by the Solar Tower.
Local Evaporative Cooling
For use under exceptionally hot weather, areas of targeting cooling along
pedestrian spine are provided.
Recycled Condensate
Spine is supplied with condensate from chiller equipment.
High Performance Glazing
Insulated glass curtainwall



Integrated Shading
All glazing that is exposed to direct sun, is fully shaded by means of a custom-
designed terracotta baguette system.

2010/ 17

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14

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5 21 15

4
5 13
12
4 8
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1
6
18
3
10 1
7
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3 21
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2

1. Applied Mathematics 13. Administration Building 1. 14.


2-5. Research Laboratory 14. Student Centre 2-5. 15.
6. Greenhouse 15. Conference Centre 6. 16.
7. High Bay Laboratory 16. Auditorium 7. 17.
8. Engineering Sciences Hall 17. North & South Garage 8. 18.
9. KAUST Library 18. Solar Towers 9. KAUST 19.
10. KAUST Commons & Dining Hall 19. Sea Court 10. KAUST 20.
11. 21.
11. Data Centre 20. Main Quad
12.
12. Campus Mosque 21. Future High Bay Pilot Plant
13.

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15

Great River Energy Headquarters


Location: Maple Grove, USA Designer: Perkins+Will Photographer: Perkins+Will Completion date: Great River Energy (GRE) is a not-for-profit electric utility cooperative. As
2008 Site area: 544,500 square feet Minnesotas second largest electric wholesale supplier, GRE generates and
Perkins+Will Perkins+Will 2008 transmits electricity to 28 distribution cooperatives serving more than 620,000
544,50050,585 residential, commercial and industrial customers.
In their new headquarters office building, GRE asked the design team to
demonstrate energy-efficient technologies that are transferable to their
customers in an effort to reduce future demand for fossil fuel electric
generation. The designers designed an office environment that showcases
workplace productivity, energy-efficient technologies, and an interactive
collaborative work culture within the most electric energy-efficient building in
the state.
Dual-flush toilets, low-flow faucets and low irrigation landscape reduce water
use by 82%. Rainwater is collected to flush toilets. Daylight harvesting led to
a building organised on an east-west axis. 20-foot narrow daylight atriums
are sliced between 50-foot wide office bars. Sunshades and light shelves
are incorporated into the south faade and east/west faades are mostly
solid to control glare. Daylight sensors fill the gap when daylight falls below
requirements. 94% of occupied spaces have exterior views and 86% are daylit.
Low velocity under-floor displacement ventilation and a high-performance
thermal enclosure are coupled with a lake geothermal heating and cooling
system to provide 30% more fresh air to the breathing zone with nearly 50%
less energy.
GRE28
620,000



82%
615

94%86%
50%30%

Award name:
2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
Award-winning reason:
This prestigious award recognised that in the extremes of a northern climate,
Great River Energy was able to reduce fossil fuel use by 75% while providing
abundant daylight, exceptional indoor air quality and a high performance work
environment within a reasonable budget, thus demonstrating that green design
can be efficient, affordable, comfortable and healthy.
Materials:
Innovative post-tensioned concrete structural frame uses 45% post-industrial
recycled fly-ash to reduce CO . 87% of all wood is FSC Certified, 23% local
materials, 18.5% recycled materials, and 96% of construction waste was
diverted from the landfill. Even the wind turbine is recycled from previous duty
in Denmark. 14% of the buildings energy is from an on-site wind turbine and
roof-mounted photovoltaic panels.
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18

2006/

70%

45%87%
23%18.5%96%
40%

4 6

2 3

1. Day lighting Atriums


2. Vertical Circulation
3. Core ( Mechanical/Restrooms )
5 4. Collaboration/Support
5. Glazed Offices
6. Open Office Workstations
1.
2.
3. /
4. /
5.
6.
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23

Ballard Library and Neighbourhood


Service Centre
Location: Seattle, USA Designer: Bohlin Cywinski Jackson Photographer: Ben Benschneider, Nic The Ballard Library and Neighborhood Service Centre is located on a gently sloping
Lehoux, Bohlin Cywinski Jackson Completion date: 2005 Building area:15,000 square feet library and site diagonally across from a new city park, and it forms a powerful civic face along
3,600 square feet neighbourhood centre the street. The buildings extended front porch, a gathering space that provides

shelter from the prevailing winds and weather. Tapered steel columns support a
2005 15,0001,3903,600330 lilting roof that extends beyond the entrance and unites the library and service
centre components. The planted roof turns upward at the north, allowing light into
the building, its edges softened by wood purlins that extend beyond its perimeter.
Glazed walls and skylights provide transparency deep into the public areas of
the building. The glass skin bends around the corners, marking the childrens
area and service centre lobby as special places. A public meeting room clad in
galvanized shingles anchors the northwestern corner of the site. Rectangular,
colour-stained cedar boxes containing support spaces are aligned on east-west
axes. A periscope integrated into a wall adjacent to the circulation desk offers
patrons views to the green roof.
1
2 4 5 7 By giving careful consideration to building systems and components, and seeking
6
3
multiple functions for each of the programme elements, the Ballard Library and
Neighbourhood Service illustrates that green building is feasible within a modest
budget.

1. Collections 5. Library staff 1. 5.
2. Quiet room 6. Service 2. 6.
3. Parking garage 7. Neighbourhood service 3. 7.
4. Office centre 4.



1
Award name:
1. Roof light fixture 9. Window system beyond
2009 Green GOOD DESIGN Award
2 3
2. Acrylic skylight system 10. Tapered steel column 2009 Beyond Green Award
4 3. Green roof system 11. Lobby 2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
5
4
4. Glulam beam 12. Restroom Award-winning reason:
6 7
5. Metal gusset plate with 13. Concrete plank The project effectively illustrates that green building is feasible within a modest
9
9
8 glulams each side 14. Concrete beam budget, and offers the Ballard community an ideal example of the benefits to be
6. Painted metal louvers 15. Concrete column realised when sustainable design and extraordinary architecture come together.
7. Mechanical loft 16. Garage
10 Materials:
8. Light shelf
The designers used many recycled materials, such as recycled crushed glass
11 12
backfill, recycled gypsum board, recycled carpet and pad, recycled plastic wheel
1. 9. stops, recycled glass tile and recycled acoustic ceiling tile. The structural steel
2. 10. is recyclable, too. There is space in the building provided for recycling bins in
13
3. 11. the trash collection areas.
14 4. 12.
5. 13.
6. 14. 2009
7. 15. 2009
8. 16. 2006/





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1. Reference desk 1.
2. Quiet room 2.
3. Childrens area 3.
12 4. Multi-purpose room 4.
5. Circulation desk 5.
6. Branch manager 6.
7.
2 7. Reserves
8.
8. Library staff
9.
9. Conference room
10.
10. Neighbourhood service centre
11.
11. NSC staff
12. /
12. Future retail/housing
1

5
6 11
8

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4
10
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+ Manassas Park Elementary


School + Pre-K
Location: Manassas Park, USA Designer: VMDO Architects Photographer: VMDO Architects, Prakash Unlike a typical green building, a green school should carry the additional
Patel, Sam Kittner Completion date: 2009 Site area: 140,463 square feet obligation of creating environmental stewards out of its occupants. MPES is
VMDO VMDO designed around the premise that people cant be expected to preserve and
2009 140,46313,050 protect something they dont understand. Each classroom is themed after a
local animal or plant with ground dwelling creatures on the ground floor, mid
canopy flora on the first floor, and treetop/sky inhabitants on the second floor.
Wayfinding signs throughout the building highlight facts specific to seasons and
creatures. The trees in each hallway are random patterns of clear-finished
6
7
Poplar, Cherry, Ash, Oak and Maple planks mixed with full length mirrors
10 giving students the abstracted effect of walking in the woods.
Properly oriented or shaded insulated glass provides a high degree of
transparency. Whether reading in the corridor, working on group projects in
4
breakout spaces, or studying in the courtyards teachers can easily keep
an eye on whats going on. Large expanses of mirrors in the corridors reflect
3 8 9
ambient light and views, while also encouraging student self esteem and proper
behavior. Since each teacher is provided a professional workstation outside
1 5
2
of the classroom, their classroom desks can be minimal, further encouraging
rearrangement of furniture to suit the needs of each class period.





1. Ground-source well field 1.
2. Fixed solar shading 2.
3. Natural ventilation through operable windows 3.
4. Parabolic light louvers 4.
5. Three lighting zones with auto-dimming sensors 5.
6. Stack-induced natural ventilation exhaust 6.
7. Ground-source heat pump per classroom 7.
8.
8. Green light indicator for natural ventilation mode
9.
9. Glare-free teaching wall
10. Award name:
10. Rainwater collection
2010 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Award
Award-winning reason:
The school, as a teaching tool itself, nurtures an ecological awareness in the
students, faculty, parents, and community. This articulate vision, executed
3 5 so clearly in the organisation, materiality, and landscape of Manassas Park
2
6 7 Elementary School is engendering real change and empowering the next
1 4
generation of environmental stewards in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Materials:
1. Wildflower meadow 1. More than 75% of construction waste was diverted from landfills during the
2. Winterscape mural at screenwall 2. schools construction and 20% of the materials used to build the school are
3. Media centre 3.
recycled products. All millwork is constructed with wood native to Northern
4. Cafeteria 4.
5. Virginia. A polished concrete floor reduced raw material and maintenance
5. Circulation
6. Forest courtyard + outdoor classroom 6. requirements. Good indoor air quality doesnt stop with elimination of allergens,
7. Existing forest 7. VOCs and formaldehyde. The buildings high performance flooring tiles never
require stripping, waxing or polishing the leading cause of poor indoor air
quality in schools.
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2010/
2 1. Typical pre-k classroom
2. Typical classroom
3 3. Teacher support
4. Cafeteria + commons
75%20% 5. Music
6. Gymnasium + assembly
7. Stage
8. Deliveries
2
9. Administration
10. Library
3 11. Art
11 12. Bio-retention classroom
9
10 13. Educational courtyards

1.
2.
3.
12 4.
5.
2
13 6.
7.
3 8.
1
9.
4 5 6 7
10.
11.
12.
13.
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2
36

1. Circulation
2. Spring House
3. Pre-k classroom
4. Breakout space chairs
1.
2.
3.
4.

4
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Poquoson Elementary School


Location: Poquoson, USA Designer: VMDO Architects Photographer: Prakash Patel Completion date: Public and community use spaces (media centre, cafeteria/commons, and
2008 Site area: 653,400 square feet gymnasium) are grouped together and separated from the main body of the
VMDO 2008 school by the administration areas. The educational spaces are organised
653,400(60,702) around themed grade houses. L-shaped classrooms are designed to
accommodate multiple learning styles by providing space for individual study
and small-group instruction without compromising the traditional educational
setting. Each grade house consists of ten classrooms (five on two floors)
collected around a multi-purpose double-height group education/break-out
area. The educational space extends into the landscape, including outdoor
classrooms, themed play areas, educational signage, learning gardens, and
constructed wetlands. The building is designed for high academic and building
performance with special attention paid to energy efficiency, daylighting,
acoustics, thermal comfort and water efficiency. Constructed wetlands are a
component of the stormwater management plan as well as integral part of the
elementary curriculum. Fourth graders participated in the wetland planting.
Ground-source heat pumps combined with energy recovery and daylight
harvesting, reduce the schools modelled energy use by 47.5% over a code-
compliant school of the same size. All classrooms are oriented north and
south. South-facing classrooms have light shelves to harvest light, prevent
glare, and reduce passive solar heat gain. Lights are automatically controlled
by sensors to reduce electric loads. Operable windows provide fresh air and
offer spectacular views of the wetlands and Bay beyond. A dedicated outside
air system improves indoor air quality and maximises energy efficiency.

L
52




47.5%

Award name:
Virginia Green Innovation Award in 2009
Award-winning reason:
Virginia Green Innovation Award recognises exemplary projects that exhibit
innovation in designs that benefit the built and natural environment. By taking
advantage of its unique setting, the school facilitates an understanding of the
physical and social context of Poquoson and its relationship to the larger world.
Materials:
Materials were selected and screened for high recycled content, toxicity and
embodied carbon. Examples include agrifiber wall panels, high flyash concrete
and parallel-stranded lumber beam.
39

1 2

3
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2009

1. Sundial
2. Outdoor Classroom Aerial
3. Outdoor Classroom
4. Front of School Sundial
1.
2.
3.
4.
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Santa Monica Civic Centre


Parking Structure
Location: Santa Monica, USA Designer: Moore Ruble Yudell Architects and Planners Principal The varied amenities incorporated into the Parking Structure allow the
in-Charge: James Mary O'Connor, John Ruble, Halil Dolan Photographer: John Edward Linden designed mass to function beyond its service capacity. The four sides of the
Completion date: 2007 Site area: 300,000 square feet building acknowledge the individual urban contexts, thus serving as a fully
designed urban presence. Small retail spaces at the pedestrian level expand
2007 300,00027,870 the buildings civic edge, creating a destination as well as a gateway. A lively
caf on the main plaza terrace animates the pedestrian flow into and out of
the heart of the Civic Centre. The Zen garden and a commissioned work of
art highlight both the inside and the outside of the building, making it more
hospitable to the community than an ordinary parking structure.
The building functions as an efficient sustainable designed structure.
Photovoltaic panels on the roof and laminated to three faades of the built
mass provide much of the buildings energy needs. The array of angled
photovoltaic cells serves to accentuate the skyline and provides a memorable
symbol for the Civic Centre.
All faades allow natural ventilation and illumination to enter all parking floors.
The ceilings are painted white to maximise the quality of light and airiness.
Multi-coloured glass panels welcome day-lighting into the Parking Structure,
decreasing the amount of artificial light that is generally needed for this type
of building while adding a glowing beauty to the interior by day and a luminous
exterior by night. The structure becomes a sensor and vessel of light, colours,
and patterns, ranging from transparent to translucent.








Award name:
Design Green Awards 2008 (Architecture Foundation of Los Angeles)
Award-winning reason:
The design establishes a strong presence within a cluster of civic buildings
including the historic City Hall, Courthouse, and Public Safety Building. The
project offers a visually memorable arrival point and gateway to the new Civic
Centre, street-level retail and caf amenities, spectacular views of the Pacific
Ocean and the city, and it is one of the first LEED certified parking structures in
the United States.
Materials:
The design reduces heat islands by providing elements such as canopies and
photovoltaic panels that facilitate self-shading of the parking structure. Natural
concrete is also used for the top-deck surface. The design specifies materials
with highly-recycled content, including 25% fly-ash replacement for cement, and
recycled-content reinforcing steel and framing. The design specifies a minimum
of 50% of locally manufactured materials to be harvested locally (within 500
miles). These materials include the projects concrete and reinforcing steel
materials. The design provides daylighting and views with exterior glazing.
47
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2008

LEED

25%50%
800

1. Landscape
2. Restaurant/Caf 7 4 7
3. Outdoor Terrace 6

4. Public Offices
7
8
5. Lift Lobby & Public Art 5
8
6. Public Offices at Lower Level 8
7. Lifts/Stairs
8. Public Artwork/Wayfinding
1.
2. /
1
3.
4.
3
5.
6. 2
7. /
8. / 5 5

5
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ASU Polytechnic Academic Buildings


Location: Mesa, USA Designer: Lake Flato Architects and RSP Architects Photographer: Bill The new interdisciplinary academic space transformed the former Air Force
Timmerman Photography Completion date: 2009 Site area: 245,000 square feet base into a pedestrian-oriented campus, and created a new identity for ASU
RSP Polytechnic. Five new academic buildings more than doubled the instructional
2009 245,00022,760 lab and classroom space. The new facilities house four distinct, but interrelated
academic colleges, as well as a 500-seat auditorium. Integrated with three
existing buildings to create a cohesive complex, the buildings are configured
around courtyards and linked by a series of open-air atriums, building portals
and arcades. The campus design takes advantage of the regions seasonally
temperate climate by relying on protected exterior circulation that joins the
buildings.
The buildings reflect the Polytechnic Campus straightforward and practical
philosophy through the expression of their systems and their response to
their particular climate and context. Through its practical approach to the
architecture, straightforward and repetitive configuration, and concentration on
landscape integration, this new pedestrian-friendly campus entices students
and faculty to interact and learn. This was a fast-track project; two years from
master planning to move-in, and is LEED Gold certified.
ID
500






LEED

Award name:
2009 McGraw Hill Construction Best of the Best: Green Building
Award-winning Reason:
This sustainable building fits the unique Southwestern flavour of its location.
Sustainable strategies truly transformed it from a vehicular campus to a
pedestrian one by taking cues from the natural habitat.
Materials:
Regional materials were chosen for desert toughness and the ability to
gracefully patina in the desert climate. The exterior shade screens are a
combination of pre-finished and weathered metal panels. The building is
wrapped along the pedestrian areas and exterior stair towers with planting
screens offering shade and beautiful patterns of desert light. Western red
cedar is used for warmth. The building envelope is comprised of metal panels
and local ground faced block whose exposed aggregate blends with the desert
floor. Teflon coated fabric, Tyrex recycled wood and Photovoltaic Panels are also
used as shade structures to accentuate special programmatic elements.
53
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2009

1. Picacho hall
2. Peralta courtyard
3. Peralta hall
4. Santan courtyard
5. Santan hall
1
7 6. Santa Catalina hall
6 7. Applied arts pavilion
8. Santa Catalina courtyard
2 4 8 1.
2.
3.
5 4.
3
5.
6.
7.
8.
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Shangri La Botanical Gardens and


Nature Centre
Location: Orange, USA Designer: Lake Flato Architects Photographer: Hester+Hardaway This project began with healing the 252 acres of cypress/tupelo swamp and
Photographers Completion date: 2007 Site area: 30,000 square feet wooded uplands. A wetland water purification system was designed to restore
+ 2007 the health of Ruby Lake, which is home to more than 5,000 birds.
30,0002,790 Shangri La is the first project in Texas and the Gulf Coast to earn a LEED
Platinum certification for new construction.
The architecture reinforces Shangri Las educational mission by creating a
close connection to the natural surroundings through outdoor circulation
and screened porches, as well as naturally ventilated spaces. The buildings
surround wetland demonstration gardens that clean the water which flows
1 through them, presenting in miniature the larger, behind-the-scenes water
2
cleaning system. Outdoor classrooms in the natural areas were designed for
minimal impact on the land.
Sustainable practices that were incorporated include: collecting rainwater off
the roofs to provide water for gardens and toilets; a geothermal heating and
4 cooling system; re-use of existing structures, such as the 1950s greenhouses;
3 use of recycled and local materials, such as reclaimed brick and asphalt.
102/
1.Rainwater harvest 1.
5,000
2. Cool roof reflects summer heat 2.
LEED
3. Reclaimed brick 3.

4. Prevailing breeze 4.



1950

Award name:
2009 Top Ten Award of COTE
1. Insulated translucent panel
Award-winning reason:
for balanced daylighting It caters carefully to the type of occupant. A place for quiet observation, it was a nice,
2. Cool roof reflects summer delicate intervention on its site. They brought the programmed square footage down
gains from 20,000 to 13,000. This is a good example of right-sizing, an approach that is
3. Reclaimed cypress and FSC often overlooked. This project also follows the big moves: reduce, reuse, recycle.
certified timber structure
Materials:
4. Tupelo Cypress swamp
habitat
The majority of the Orientation Centre structures were formed from reclaimed
5. Heli c a l P i e r f o u n d a t i o n brick. Sinker cypress salvaged from Louisiana rivers was used for siding, slat
minimises habitat intrusion walls, fencing doors, and gates. Reclaimed asphalt became the parking lot.
1. 49% of the total building materials were manufactured within 500 miles of
2.
1
the project site, reducing transportation impacts and supporting the regional
3.
2
economy. During construction, the contractors diverted more than 79% of the

construction waste from the landfill.
4. / 3
5.
2009
4
1,858
1,208
5

49%805
79%
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RAINWATER COLLECTION
-Rainwater serves 100% of landscaping irrigation at
Visitors Centre 3 4 5
-Offsets use of potable water for sewage conveyance
(flushing toilets)
10

1
6

10

8 10
9

1. Entrance 6. Meditation pavilion 1. 6.


2. Office 7. Exhibit 2. 7.
3. Washroom 8. Theatre 3. 8.
4. Bookshop 9. Volunteer centre 4. 9.
5. Caf 10. Greenhouse 5. 10.
61

Granville New Homes


Location: London, UK Architect: Levitt Bernstein Associates Photographer: Tim Crocker Completion Granville New Homes is a housing scheme developed by the London Borough
date: 2009 Site area: 58,125 square feet of Brent for low cost rent. It consists of 110 flats and maisonettes, varying in
2009
size from 1 bedroom to 4 bedrooms, and also includes a community youth
58,1255400 facility and pocket park.
Granville New Homes is an outer urban response to the demands of high-
density living. The design avoids any superficial reference to historical style
despite being a response to the contextual analysis, with a reaffirmation of the
importance of the street and hints in the layout of the nearby semi-detached
Victorian villas. Its visual strength is influenced by a residents visit to Rotterdam
which confirmed their support for robust, transformative, modern architecture.
The skin of the building was conceived as a tweed jacket, hardwearing, good-
looking, with a multi-coloured, almost woven appearance suggesting a fine new
suit by a trusted old tailor. Glimpsed through, this fabric is a softer, lightweight
lining. A comprehensive approach to sustainability has encompassed energy
efficiency, encouragement of local eco-systems and provision of facilities for
the local community. The high standard of insulation of the envelope and solar
thermal tubes, which provide 30% of the heat requirement, helps to reduce the
carbon footprint to a level 25% below current regulations.
110




Sustainability Diagram


30%25%

Award name:
Sustainable Housing Design Awards Shortlist 2009
Award-winning reason:
The design avoids any superficial reference to historical style despite being
a response to the contextual analysis, with a reaffirmation of the importance
of the street and hints in the layout of the nearby semi-detached Victorian
villas. Its visual strength is influenced by a residents visit to Rotterdam which
confirmed their support for robust, transformative, modern architecture.
Materials:
The structure is concrete frame with plastered concrete ceilings allowing the mass of
the building to act as a thermal store. Walls are light gauge metal infill with brick slip or
high pressure laminate cladding. Roofs are either green sedum or brown rubble to
maximize bio-diversity.

2009



1. Pocket Park 1.

2. Granville Road 2.
3. Tabot Centre 3. Tabot

1
2

3
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1. Domestic scale Granville Road


2. Relation to context
3. Tabot Centre entrance
4. Defensible space to street
1.
1. Communal gardens 1.
2.
2. Entrance cores 2.
3. Tabot
3. Private gardens 3.
4.
4. Granville new homes 4.
5. Children centre 5.
6. Pocket park 6.

6
4
2
5
65

2
66

1. New Public Street


2. Rear communal garden
3. Rooftop play area for Tabot Centre
1.
2.
3. Tabot
67

West Vancouver Community Centre


Location: Vancouver, Canada Designer: Hughes Condon Marler Architects Photographer: Hubert Kang The projects technical and administrative challenges came to define the Centre
Completion date: 2009 Site area: 82,225 square feet s role in West Vancouvers distinctly West Coast social fabric. This is a culture
that enjoys a strong tradition of both civic activity and physical wellness. The
2009
82,2257,639
preeminent architectural elements in the project, the three-storey atrium and
the circulation spine, reflect these traditions: The atrium, as both a transparent,
welcoming gateway and the connective tissue between the new Community
Centre and an existing Aquatic Centre, allows multiple readings. It is a formal
gathering space with views to the Great Lawn and mountains beyond. Its scale
is decidedly civic and it provides genuine public space that is flexible and
stimulating. The buildings luminous circulation spine works as the building
s primary artery, linking gymnasiums, fitness rooms and wellness clinics both
physically and visually. The spine, with its operable skylights, helps drive sunlight
and fresh air deep into the building. Colourful bridges on the upper levels offer
casual moments of pause and opportunities for social interaction.
The project represents a dynamic new approach to community centre design.
Building upon the architectural legacy of West Coast Modernism, the project
looks boldly towards the future.



This energy diagram demonstrates how the circulation
spine brings natural light down to the ground floor and

facilitates natural ventilation for the entire project.

Award name:
2010 SAB Canadian Green Building Award
Award-winning reason:
The project has a clarity of design concept with a joyous, animated interior in
which the activities of the building users are on display. Building orientation
for optimum solar conditions, natural ventilation, reduction in water use, re-
use of building materials, and geothermal energy are the salient sustainability
features that represent a new approach to community centre design.
Materials:
This building replaced an aged community centre: 89% of the previous building
was re-used in the new facility. Materials reused include wood decking,
structural beams, crushed concrete and masonry. Reclaimed wood from the
previous community centre was re-milled for benching and provides structure
for the glazing in the interior spine. Creating a healthy indoor environment
was a top priority in the development of the community centre. All adhesives,
sealants, paints, coatings, carpet systems and composite wood products were
comprehensively screened to meet the requirements of highest standards for
indoor air quality. In addition, most furniture in the building is certified under
GREENGUARD for Indoor Air Quality.

2010SAB




89%



69
70

22

1. Atrium 1.
2. Multi-purpose room 2.
3. Meeting room 3.
4. Child-minding 4. 20 21

5. Childrens activity 5.
19 7
6. Games room 6. 9
6
7. Changerooms 7.
18 5
8.
8. Community health 3
9. 4
9. Multi-purpose gym 8
10.
10. Dynamic movement
11. 10
11. Existing aquatic centre 11 1
12.
12. South plaza 2
13. 17
13. Great lawn 14.
15

14. Fountain 15. 12 15


15. Multi-purpose patio 16.
16. Existing seniors' centre 17.
14
17. Seniors' entrance 18.
18. North plaza 19.
19. Skylights to parking 20.
20. Play area 21. 13
21. Youth outdoor area 22. 16
22. Existing tennis courts
71

1
72

1.2.3. Reclaimed wood from the previous community


centre was re-milled for benching and provides structure
for the glazing in the interior spine. The age and texture
of the wood brings an intimacy to the spine, and stands
in relief to contemporary elements in the project. Brightly-
coloured, glass bridges span the interior pedestrian street.
Each bridge, equipped with a bench, is a truly social space.
1.2.3.

3
73

/ Vancouver Olympic-Paralympic
Centre
Location: Vancouver, Canada Designer: Hughes Condon Marler Architects Photographer: Hubert Kang The facility design of the Vancouver Olympic/Paralympic Centre needed to
Completion date: 2009 Site area: 169,650 square feet meet the stringent Vancouver Organising Committees requirements for staging
2009 the 2010 Winter Olympics. During construction, an erosion and sedimentation
169,65015,761 control plan ensured that soil erosion due to stormwater runoff and wind would
be minimised. Water savings are achieved by using drought-tolerant plants
and by reducing irrigated areas in the landscaping. High-quality, efficient spray
nozzles and a sophisticated centrally-monitored control system also contribute
to the projects water-efficient irrigation. As another measure to reduce potable
water consumption, low-flow and water-saving fixtures have been used in the
building. The overall reduction of potable water consumption is anticipated to
exceed 30% (compared to a reference case with conventional fixtures). The
design of the building's energy systems anticipates a more than 40% energy
saving compared to a reference building. The buildings heating, ventilation,
air conditioning and refrigeration system is CFC, Halons and HCFC-free. A
measurement, verification and monitoring system has been developed for the
building which will make it possible for the operational staff to adjust water and
energy consumption.
During construction, several measures in the areas of housekeeping,
scheduling, HVAC protection and pollutant and chemicals source control
maintained high levels of indoor air quality. Also, materials and finishes with no
or low VOC contribute to the indoor air quality of the facility during construction
as well as occupancy. The building provides visitors and occupants with a
healthy and comfortable built environment through generous levels of daylight,
pleasant views and operable windows.
/2010

Olympic Mode Legacy Mode

30%
40%



Award name:
2009 Globe Foundation/World Green Building Council Award
Award-winning reason:
This project has displayed a commitment to green building by incorporating
building technologies and materials that minimise environmental impacts while
taking advantage of local resources, innovations, and businesses.
Materials:
In keeping with the Citys Zero Waste initiatives, the facility diverts 75%
of construction waste from landfill. The lumber in the old building is to be
repurposed or recycled; the concrete from the building and pool was crushed on
site and used as structural fill; and the metal will be recycled. New construction
materials with recycled and regional content were favoured. The glulam beams
used as the main structural components of the building are Forest Stewardship
Council (FSC) certified wood.
75
76

2009/
1. Gymnasium 14. Mens Changeroom
2. Offices 15. Natatorium
3. Aerobics 16. 52-metre Lap Pool
4. Arts and Crafts 17. Leisure Pool
75% 5. Multi-purpose room 18. Hot Pool
6. Offices 19. Sauna
22
7. Youth Room 20. Steam Room
8. Hockey Arena 21. Multi-purpose Room
9. Curling Arena 22. Outdoor Pool
10. Lounge
19 20
11. Concourse
18 12. Universal Changeroom
9 13. Womens Changeroom
10

1. 13.
15 2. 14.
3. 15.
17
4. 16. 52
16
11 5. 17.
21 6. 18.
8
1 7. 19.
8. 20.
9. 21.
10. 22.
2
13 12
11.
3 4 5 7
6 14
12.
77
78
79
80
81

Seattle City Hall


Location: Seattle, USA Designer: Bohlin Cywinski Jackson|Bassetti Architects (Joint Venture) Seattle City Halls glass and steel structure intersects the steeply sloping site,
Photographer: Nic Lehoux Completion date: 2005 Building area: 200,000 square feet contrasting with the terraced stone landforms that form its base. Water and
| sky slice through the block in a series of pools, cascades and skylights, forming
2005 200,00018,580 links to the other Civic Centre buildings and framing views of Puget Sound and
the Olympic Mountains.
The seven-storey office tower is articulated by varied curtain-wall patterns
and sunshades, with each elevation responding to its solar orientation and
surroundings. Its curving south face opens to views of the city and Mount
Rainier, and overlooks the titanium-clad form of the council chamber. The
transparent pavilion between the office tower and the council chamber is a
grand lobby, marked by tall, slender columns and a blue glass bridge.
Through the creation of a distinctly civic home for its government, the new
Seattle City Hall reflects the dynamic and democratic nature of this young and
energetic city.




Site section showing the relationship of City Hall to the Justice Centre on the east, and
the grand stair leading to the open plaza to the west

Award name:
2009 Green GOOD DESIGN Award
Award-winning reason:
Daylighting control and an underfloor air distribution system reduce energy
and enhance the interior work environment. A planted roof reduces runoff by
soaking up Seattles abundant rainwater and letting it evaporate gradually,
while excess water is harvested by an underground cistern for use in landscape
irrigation and toilets. For these and other sustainable elements, City Hall has
received a Gold LEED rating by the U.S. Green Building Council and a Green
Good Design Award from the European Centre for Architecture and Chicago
Athenaeum.
Materials:
1. Concrete fly ash added
2. Structural steel
3. Recycled gypsum board
4. Recycled carpet and pad
5. Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) toilet partitions recycled plastic bottles, etc.
6. Recycled ceramic tile
7. Recycled acoustic ceiling tile
83

1
84

2009

LEED 3

2
1.
2.
3.
4. 4
5.
6. 1
7.

1. Office space
2. Lobby
3. Fireplace seating area
4. Multi-purpose room
6
5. Upper plaza 5
6. Lower plaza
1.
2.
1. Lobby and gathering space seen from the west
3.
2. Late afternoon sun penetrates the lobby interior 4.
1. 5.
2. 6.
85

1
86

1. The circulation corridor outside the chamber is lit by a skylight and the afternoon sun is
deflected toward the ceiling and inner wall by wood louvers
2. Seen through a forest of slender steel columns, a limestone-clad stair leads to the
entrance to the council chamber
3. The council chamber is a dynamic space with curving ceiling, east-and west-facing
clerestory windows to admit natural light and wood-clad walls that form the backdrop for
the council and audience
1.
2.
3.

3
87

IRS Kansas City Campus


Location: Kansas City, USA Designer: BNIM Architects Photographer: Farshid Assassi Completion date: The 1998 Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act initiated
2006 Site area: 1, 000,000 square feet a study that investigated how to better serve taxpayers and increase the
BNIM 2006 productivity of existing processing and service centres nationwide. The study
1, 000,00092,900 indicated that a replacement facility was a priority for Kansas Citys Service Centre.
In order to increase productivity, the new site would need to accommodate
all of the functions the IRS had previously housed in eight locations. It was
agreed that the new facility would act as urban infill and help continue the
revitalisation of the surrounding area.
Three major goals guided the design process: Integration of the existing Post
Office, establishing a relationship between the new facility and the surrounding
urban site, and developing a sense of outdoor connection while maintaining
the high security needs of the IRS. The Post Office became the structural
anchor for the complex and placement of the new IRS buildings, a processing
wing and warehouse, follow a pattern and scale that memorialises the previous
grid of streets and alleys. To establish a human scale in the workplace, the
new processing wing was developed as three separate 200,000 square foot
wings connected by a main street circulation corridor and courtyards that
bring natural light deep into the facility. This organisation also allows building
operations to operate at different capacities throughout the year.
1998

8




18,580

Award name:
2008 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
Award-winning reason:
The IRS Kansas City campus creates a work environment that enhances the
productivity and the flexibility of its employees on a large scale. The facility
provides daylight to 80% of the employees, and integrates secure outdoor
courtyards for employees to connect back to nature. Many of these courtyards
are green roofs constructed over the parking structure.
Materials:
The project team used local, recycled, and non-toxic materials to create a
healthy and environmentally responsible building. The design incorporated
materials salvaged from the existing buildings on the site, including more than
1,500 glass blocks used in windows throughout. The pre-cast concrete faade
minimises the amount of concrete used and formwork needed. All on-site
waste, including concrete and asphalt, was grounded on site and recycled.
89
90

2008/

80%

1,500

91
92
93
94
95

World Headquarters for the


International Fund for Animal Welfare
Location: Yarmouth Port, USA Designer: DesignLAB Architects Photographer: Peter Vanderwarker The new IFAW headquarters contains 54,000 sf of space in three connected
Completion date: 2009 Site area: 108,900 square feet buildings. The space is used for research, public relations, meetings,
LAB 2009 conferences, a worldwide data centre, and a hub for IFAWs 16 country offices.
108,90010,117 It accomplishes its lofty goals through a pragmatic low-cost, low-tech approach
to sustainability based on fundamentals and common sense.
The design team transformed the projects brown field site into an asset by
creating a restored Cape Cod meadow, thereby re-establishing a natural
habitat with native vegetation. Within the building, IFAW chose to incorporate
practical, straight-forward, low-tech, low-cost strategies for sustainable design
such as siting, orientation, natural day-lighting and ventilation, and high-
efficiency mechanical systems.
Because of IFAWs intrinsic commitment to the environment, incorporating
sustainable strategies was just as important as other, more typical office
design concerns. IFAW employees were involved in design workshops to
create a plan that would maximise the organizations effectiveness thereby
reducing square footage per person by 50% while expanding the collaborative
workspace, and increasing the sense of ownership for employees.
The use of LEED as a guide not a goal allowed IFAW to track and pursue
initiatives relative to cost and accreditation, but to deviate from them where
dictated by pragmatism and institutional objectives.
5,016
16







LEEDLEED

Award name:
2009 Top Ten Award Winner of AIA
Award-winning reason:
Buildings gathering around a south-facing courtyard, the team found a way to
maximise programme and minimise space. The design team swapped their site
(a virgin habitat) to rehabilitate the brownfield. Very simple, mono-pitched roofs
are used, but the detailing is controlled and elegant. It seems like wonderful
spaces to engage and work in you can imagine being in this building and
feeling quite comfortable.
Materials:
The materials used in the construction of this building were chosen for their
high percentage of recycled content, including: structural steel, foundation
insulation, aluminum framing, carpet, rubber flooring and tile floors. Use of
recycled materials decreases consumption of natural resources and reduces
landfill waste.
97
98

2009
7
3

3 5

2 2

1 1
6

7
2 6
7

1
3

1. Exterior boardwalk 1. 1

2. Interior boardwalk 2.
3. Conference rooms 3.
4. Caf 4.
5. Reception lounge 5.
6. Open offices 6.
7. Support spaces 7.
99

1
100

1. Cantilevered first floor Boardwalk


2. Courtyard from first floor Boardwalk
3. Elephant Room
1.
2.
3.

3
101

BDP BDP Manchester Studio


Location: Manchester, UK Designer: BDP Photographer: Martine Hamilton Knight Completion date: The building provides large open-plan studio space and ancillary
2008 Site area: 33,000 square feet accommodation including a hub space at ground floor level. This interactive
BDP 2008 area, including caf, staff restaurant and extended reception space, overlooks
33,0003065 the canal at raised ground level.
A striking feature of the building is the punctuated stainless-steel south faade
that rises above the Ducie Street colonnade to contain the open-plan studio
areas before sweeping over to form the roof of the building. The reflective
external finish, heavily insulated build-up and narrow vertical apertures all
serve to minimise solar heat gain, and to maximise privacy with the residential
buildings opposite.
By contrast, the northern faade of the building is transparent. The floor-to-soffit
glazing takes maximum advantage of north light to illuminate the full extent
of studio spaces and reveals wonderful views of the city centre. A fully-glazed
circulation staircase cantilevered over the canal provides the circulation for all
floors.
Sustainability has been a key driver in all aspects of the design and delivery of
the new studio which is an expressive response to context and microclimate.
Rainwater is harvested from the roof and used to flush toilets throughout the
building. It is the first naturally ventilated and night-time cooled office building
in Manchester to achieve an Excellent BREEAM rating.









Award name:
MIPIM Award (Green Building - Finalist) 2009
RIBA Award 2009
Award-winning Reason:
BDP Manchester studio was one of the three finalists for the highly prestigious
Green Building award at MIPIM in 2009, recognised as a world-class example of
low-carbon design, and demonstrating the companys commitment to genuine
sustainability.
Materials:
Amongst its sustainable features are Manchesters first living brown roof,
specifically designed to attract the increasingly rare Black Redstart bird, a
natural ventilation system which warms and cools the building without the need
for heating or air-conditioning, and a rain harvesting system to flush the toilets
and low-emission lighting throughout.
103
104

2009
2009

BDP2009
BDP

1. Caf area
2. Reception
3. Stairs to all floors
4. Catering area
2
5. Presentation room 1
6. Lifts
7. Street level entrance
8. Stairs to all floors
1.
2. 3
8
3.
5
4. 6 7
4
5.
6.
7.
8.
105

2
106

1. Fourth floor studio is covered by a lightweight steel roof, and clad internally with
Douglas fir timber boards
2. Kitchen area, and hopper doors on the internal wall
3. The studio is naturally ventilated through open-in vents
1.
2.
3.
107

The Environmental Protection Agency


Region 8 Headquarters Building
Location: Denver, USA Designer: ZGF Architects Photographer: Robert Canfield Completion date: 2006 The buildings base consists of four storeys of enclosed building, topped by
Site area: 292,000 square feet a one-storey terrace with a strongly articulated colonnade and topped by a
ZGF 2006 292,000 cornice and railing. This faade has a scale that is consistent with the street
and clad primarily in brick to blend with the warehouse feel of neighbouring
structures. The tower is inflected inward from the corners toward the entrance
to give emphasis to the entry bay which runs up the entire side of the tower.
The atrium space becomes the heart of the building, creating a welcoming,
invigorating public space with views into the heart of the EPA workplace.
It creates a central focal point for the public lobby, connects the library,
conference and fitness centres, and creates a central informal interaction
place for the EPA community. The mission and goals of the EPA are clearly
demonstrated in the design of the space through materials, passive ecological
systems, educational exhibits, and inviting and interactive spatial and
functional relationships.






Award name:
2009 What Makes It Green Award Winner
2007 LEED Gold
Award-winning reason:
A greenroof, the first such roof in Denver to treat and manage stormwater,
reduces the urban heat-island effect of the building. When the full complement
of building commission was completed, construction waste management and
indoor air quality plans were executed.
Materials:
Examples of sustainable materials used in the building include corn-based
fabric and wheatboard, recycled glass tile, recycled-content carpets, recycled
steel, cork floors, bamboo wall panels and doors made with rice hull cores. To
sum up, more than 89% of the wood-based materials and products used in
the building are certified in accordance with the Forest Stewardship Council
s Principles and Criteria. Additionally, flyash was used in the concrete portions
of the building and regional materials those manufactured, produced or
harvested within 500 miles of the building were used for more than 50% of
the structures manufactured materials.

2009
2007LEED





89%
50%800
109
110
111

1 2

3
112

1. Steel structure with decoration


2. The building atrium serves as a gathering place
3. Atrium sail detail
4. Exposed concrete ceilings help condition the building through thermal mass
1.
2.
3.
4.
113

Pacific Lutheran University, Morken


Centre for Learning and Technology
Location: Tacoma, USA Designer: ZGF Architects Photographer: John Edwards, Eckert & Eckert The Morken Centre purposefully houses three traditionally unrelated
Completion date: 2005 Site area: 57,000 square feet departments the School of Business, the Department of Computer Science
ZGF 2005 & Computer Engineering, and the Department of Mathematics. This academic
57,0005,295 facility includes classrooms, laboratories, faculty offices, conference rooms,
an atrium and a caf. Classrooms are housed in the two-storey wing, while
faculty offices are found in the three-storey wing. The two wings are joined
by a two-storey lobby with common spaces intended to promote informal
exchanges between students and faculty. The building design draws from the
context of more traditional campus buildings in both form and materials, while
incorporating state-of-the-art technology and flexibility. Building responsibly
in an environmental context was a key goal that the departments housed in
the Morken Centre fundamentally embraced and thus became a strong focus
for the projects design. Not only do technological advances help to utilise
resources more efficiently, but building sustainably is consistent with PLUs
mission to educate students for service to society.





Award name:
Green Building Category Winner, Building Washington Awards
Award-winning reason:
Sustainable design features are included throughout the LEED Gold certified
academic centre such as a ground source heat pump system, restoration of
the pre-existing oak savannah landscape, building orientation allowing for
significant use of on-site resources of sun, wind, and light, and an optimised
envelope design.
Materials:
Finishes specified to reduce material resource impact included certified wood
panelling and decking; low-emitting carpet, paints, adhesives and composite
wood materials; wheatboard door, casework and panelling cores; and bamboo
1. Building entry with views to the courtyard
2. South building face flooring. In addition, the structural materials, roofing, and interior finishes are of
3. Interior stairs invite interaction a high recycled content. The steel used for the buildings framing has a recycled
1.
content of 95%. Preference was given to material manufacturers located within
2. a 500-mile radius of the site, reducing climate impact and strengthening the
3. regional economy.

1 2
3
115

2
116

LEED

95%800

1. Exterior front entry


2. Building overall
3. The buildings two wings are joined by a two-storey lobby with common spaces
1.
2.
3.
117

1
118

1. Relaxing area connected with corridor


2. The lobby common spaces promote informal exchanges
between students and teachers
3. Classroom
1.
2.
3.

3
119

Harvard University Library


Services Building
Location: Cambridge, USA Designer: Leers Weinzapfel Associates Architects Interior Architect: Located in the heart of historic Harvard Square, the building houses offices and
Samuel Anderson Architects, LLP Photographer: Paul Warchol Completion date: 2006 Site area: workspace for the Weissman Preservation Centre, Library Information Systems,
24,000 square feet and retail space for students and the public at the ground floor. The four-storey
structure responds to the scale and character of its neighbours, while providing
2006 24,0002,230 the maximum square footage allowed by zoning. Its elegant design has earned
it the label of jewel box. The building achieves significant energy savings
through geothermal heating and cooling and window wall and skylights for
maximum daylighting.
The building projects an image of lightness and openness with a north facing
window wall. The faade is divided into three bays with a projected bay at the
entrance to the offices marking the corner of the through pathway. Along the
sidewalk, retail space protected by a canopy, with display windows and its own
entrance, enlivens the pedestrian experience. At the top floor, sculptural skylights
bring daylight into the preservation laboratory and create a crown for the building.





Award name:
The Chicage Athenaeum and the European Centre for Architecture Green Good
Design Award, 2009
LEED Gold Certification . U.S . Green Building Council, 2007
Award-winning reason:
This project demonstrates that a sustainable building can be constructed
despite the challenges associated with a small urban site, an extensive
public approvals process, strict temperature and humidity requirements and
two architectural teams. The geothermal heating and cooling system was
a keystone for the project. Aside from the energy efficient advantages, this
system addressed community concerns regarding noisy rooftop equipment and
Cambridge Historical Commission concerns regarding the scale of the building
including rooftop penthouses.
Materials:
Storm water retention system, energy star roofing, day-lighting and exterior
views throughout are the main sustainable features of the project. Site lighting
with cut-off prevents night-sky pollution. Geothermal wells, heat pumps for all
heating and cooling with VSDs on hot and chilled water pumps and occupancy
sensors throughout the building make it 32% more energy efficient than a
standard building.

2009
2007LEED
Geothermal Wells
- eliminate the need for bulky/noisy roof equipment
- use constant ground temperature to save energy



32%
121

2 3
122

1. Nearby buildings are reflected in the glass and the top


floor skylights are visible
2. A slim concrete structure and two underground floors
3. Top floor Weissman Preservation Centre
1. Bookshop
4. Lounge on ground floor with view of through-block
2. Reception
passage 1
2 3. Lounge
1. 4. Workroom
2. 5. Loading
3. 4
4. 1.
2.
3.
1
4.
5.
3

5
123

Aldo Leopold Legacy Centre


Location: Monona, USA Designer: The Kubala Washatko Architects Photographer: Mark F. Heffron/ Aldo Leopold Foundation headquarters includes office and meeting spaces,
The Kubala Washatko Architects, Inc. Completion date: 2007 Site area: 12,000 square feet interpretive exhibit hall, archive, workshop, and three-season hall. The Centre
F/ was envisioned as a small complex of structures organised around a central
2007 12,0001,100 courtyard. This design provides flexibility in managing energy use based on
programme requirements, creates outdoor spaces for work and gathering,
and reduces the scale of the buildings on site. Built where Aldo Leopold died
fighting a brush fire in 1948, the Centre provides a trailhead to the original
Leopold Shack for visitors from around the world.
As part of restoration efforts during the 1930s and 1940s the Leopold family
planted thousands of trees on their worn out Sand County farm. Improving the
health of the forest provided the raw material to build a building. It also gave
the Foundation a way to honour the symbolic importance of the Leopold Pines.
The quantity and nature of the wood made available from the thinning shaped
building design. Ultimately, the Legacy Centre used over 90,000 board feet of
site-harvested wood for structural timbers, doors, windows, finish materials,
and artisan-crafted furniture.


1948

193040

90,000

1. Panoramic view
2. Panels view
3. Aerial
1.
2.
3.

Award name:
LEED Platinum in 2007
Award-winning reason:
The design of the Leopold Legacy Centre remains true to the ecological,
aesthetic, and scientific spirit of Aldo Leopolds Land Ethic. The building
received a LEED Platinum rating, the highest given to date under the USGBC
rating system. It is the first building recognised by LEED as carbon neutral in
operation; and as a "zero net energy building, the Leopold Centre produces
over 110% of its annual building energy needs.
Materials:
The Centre uses wood sustainably harvested on-site from trees originally planted
in the 1940s by the Leopold family. A 38kw photovoltaic array is one of the
largest in the state; and innovative HVAC and ventilation systems reduce energy
demand. The building balances energy demands for comfort, light, and power
with energy available from the sun, wind, and biomass resources of the site.

1
2

3
125
126

2007LEED

4
LEED 1 2

LEED
110% 3

194038 5

7 9
8

10 11

1. Administration Wing
1.
2. Mudroom 2.
3. Exhibits 3.
4. Forward Garden 4.
5. Thermal Flux Zone5.
6. Conference Wing 6.
7. Prairie 7.
8.
8. Welcome Garden
9.
9. Workshop
10.
10. Rain Garden
11.
11. Three Season Hall
127

TWELVE|WEST
Location: Portland, USA Designer: ZGF Architects LLP Photographer: Timothy Hursley, Nick Merrick Twelve|West serves as not only an anchor in a rapidly transforming urban
Hedrich Blessing, Basil Childers, Eckert & Eckert Completion date: 2009 Site area: 23,000 square feet neighbourhood, but also a demonstration project to inform future sustainable
ZGF building design. Some of the efficiency measures include: thermal mass; day
2009 23,0002,136 lighting and occupancy sensors; low-flow fixtures for reduced domestic hot
water demand; high-efficiency equipment; heat recovery; fan-assisted night
flush of the office floors; chilled beams and under floor air distribution in the
office floors; and CO2 sensors for ventilation demand control in large volume
spaces.
Four Wind Turbines With a carefully articulated curtain wall and subtle textural modifications
including operable windows, balconies, quilted and recessed stainless steel
of varying colours and fritted reflective semi-opaque panels, it creates a lively
Solar Thermal enclosure with a sense of movement. This quality is further enhanced when
sunlight and the sky reflect off the buildings faade.
Roof Gardens

Low-e Glass


Rainwater Re-use

Water-efficient Plumbing Fixtures Award name:


2010 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
Award-winning reason:
Twelve|West received the AIA/COTE award for its advantage and creative
design in 10 distinct measures and it is designed to achieve the highest levels
of urban sustainability, and is expected to earn a Platinum rating under LEED
NC overall and LEED CI for the office floors.
Materials:
Four Wind Turbines produce 10,00012,000 kWh of electricity per year.
Monitoring of wind conditions and turbine performance will improve knowledge
for future projects. Solar Thermal panels heat 24% of hot water used in the
building, offsetting natural gas use. Low-E Glass admits 55% of visible sunlight
Operable Windows Passive/Chilled Beams Efficient Central Cooling but reflects 70% of the associated heat, reducing energy use for lighting and
space cooling. Rainwater Re-use in toilet flushing on the office floors, and to
Daylight Sensors Under-Floor Air Rain Water Harvesting irrigate the green roofs, reduces use of city water by 286,000 gallons per year.
Distribution Exposed Concrete moderates indoor air temperatures. Mass is cooled with cool
Exposed Concrete
Condensation night air in the summer months and absorbs excess heat throughout the day.
Water Storage Tank


2010/

10LEED
LEED

10,00012,000
24%55%
70%
286,000

129
130

1. Lobby
2. Retail space
3. Storage
4. Apartment lobby
5. LIft
6. Neighbouring buildings
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6. 2 6
6

4
4 3
4 4

1 3
3

5 5 5

2
2
131
132
133

1
134

1. The resource library has a significant amount of daylight,


which is beneficial for selecting finishes
2. FSC-certified wood is used through the office
3. The office floors comprise primarily open floor plans and
transparent glass walls
1.
2.
3.

3
135

LOFT GreenCity Lofts


Location: California, USA Designer: Swatt | Miers Architects Photographer: Cesar Rubio Completion The design focuses on livability and sustainability, which often involve the
date: 2006 Site area: 29,984 square feet same strategies. The first design decision was to design around the concept
| 2006 of single loaded circulation, allowing for natural daylighting from at least two
29,9842,785 sides of almost every unit. The 62 residential units have been divided into five
buildings, which created 19 units with three exposures (again for daylighting).
The five buildings are positioned to create three well-proportioned, yet different
and unique, courtyards for the use of all of the residents. Open-air circulation
combined with open planning allow for natural ventilation, avoiding the need
for air conditioning. Thirteen unit types are included, ranging from 500 square
feet to over 2,000 square feet, in three basic spatial configurations flats,
townhouses, and lofts.
Podium projects such as GreenCity Lofts are often sheltered, inward focusing
enclaves, with little connection to the surrounding neighbourhoods. In order to
connect the project to the neighbourhood, GreenCity Lofts has been designed
with balconies, stairs and stoops which lead from the lowest podium units
directly to the sidewalk.

625
1953
1346185
3LOFT
LOFT
LOFT

Award name:
Green Point Rated. Build it Green, highest rated Multi-family rated project in the
1 2
3 4
Bay Area upon completion in 2006
Award-winning reason:
GreenCity lofts is one of the first multi-family projects in the nation designed
according to green principals. In summer, 2006, GreenCity Lofts was
evaluated by Build It Green according to the Multi-family GreenPoint Checklist,
and was classified the greenest multi-family project in the Bay Area.
Materials:
Some of the green features of the project, in addition to the basic planning
strategies, include: 95% of the pre-existing paint factory was recycled, and
1. Bridges create connection between buildings and outdoors contaminated dirt was remediated. Foundations were designed with high
2. Views to bay fly-ash content concrete. The buildings are framed with steel, which has
3. Views to outside high post-consumer recycled content. Durable exterior finishes were used
4. Operable windows allow natural ventilation integral coloured stucco, fiber-cement panels, and metal roofs. The buildings
1. use healthy interior materials and finishes formaldehyde-free wheat-board
2.
cabinets, FSC Certified wood flooring, wool, and recycled content carpeting,
3.
4.
sheet linoleum flooring, low VOC paints, formaldehyde-free insulation and low
VOC construction adhesives. For comfort and sustainability, a hydronic radiant
in-floor heating system was used.
137
138

2006

LOFT2006LOFT

95%

FSC

1. Entrance 8 8
2. Kitchen
3
3. Living
4. Dining 3 3
7
5. Bedroom
6. Bath
7. Bedroom loft
4
8. Deck/patio 4
1.
4
2.
3.
4. 2
2
5. 2
6
6
6.
7. 7 5
8. /
1 6
6
5 6
139

9 Special NO 9 House
Location: New Orleans, USA Designer: KieranTimberlake Client: Make It Right Foundation The project responds to the hot humid climate of New Orleans with measures
Photographer: Will Crocker Completion date: 2008 Site area: 1,520 square feet that reduce overall building energy consumption while improving occupant
Make It Right comfort. The house is oriented on a linear east-to-west axis, limiting most solar
2008 1,520141 exposure during the summer. The solar heat gains that would normally result
from such a design are moderated by an extensive trellis system along the
entirety of the south faade.
The large amount of glazing on the south, east and west faades coupled with
a 10-foot ceiling allows for significant daylighting. Excessive glare from low
7
western sun is effectively moderated through occupant-controlled external
shading devices that are fully compliant with the hurricane-rated windows.
1 10 Decks on the front, back, and roof of the house provide ample access to
9 10 outdoor space for fresh air.
8
2
Indoor water use is limited through the use of low-flow fixtures for all lavatory
3
sinks, showers, and toilets. The flow rates for these components ensure water
4 used within the bathrooms of the house will be sympathetic to scarcity of the
resource.
11
The project is a highly energy-efficient residential design with a HERS (Home
Energy Rating) index rating of 35, meaning the house, relative to a comparable
baseline home in the same climate, consumes 65% less energy. The house is
also designed with a roof-mounted photovoltaic array, providing the occupants
5 12
13 with a reliable source of energy.
6 14


3


3565%

1. Polypropylene mesh vine trellis at south 1.
wall ( shutters and deep overhang at east/
west faades ) 2.
2. Operable awning window 3. Award name:
3. Operable vent above interior doors 4. 2010 Top Award Winner of AIA
5.
4. Operable double hung windows Award-winning reason:
5. Electrical service 6.
7.
The jurors commended the project for its high level of achievement at a
6. Pervious surface parking & walkways
8. modest price, how it respects local climatic, cultural, and architectural context,
7. Photovoltaic panels
8. Ceiling fans in living spaces
9. 103 how it shifts the idea of what we think of prefab and modular housing to one
9. 10-0 high ceilings
10. that starts to look at climate responsive design, with shading & perforated
11.
10. Rain water collection on roof
12.
envelopes. It integrates climate and cultural responsiveness that brings
11. Low-flow fixtures and dual flush W.C fed 13. something unique to the place.
by rainwater capture 14. Materials:
12. Rainwater storage
Materials were used in the house construction in a manner that a high priority
13. Overflow diversion
14. Native vegetation swale
was placed on the conservation of resources while ensuring the highest levels
of occupant health. The use of lumber for framing was streamlined through the
generation of detailed framing documents and cut list with a 10% waste target
prior to ordering lumber. Additional conservation of materials was exercised in
the design through the use of structural insulated panels (SIPS) for the roof and
floor and by utilising open-web floor trusses.
141
142

2010

10%

1. Car parking
2. Pervious concrete paving
3. Gravel
4. Rainwater cisterns
5. Storage
1.
5
2.
3. 4

4.
5. 3 1 2
143

LivingHome, Santa Monica


Location: Santa Monica, USA Designer: Ray Kappe Architects Photographer: CJ Berg Photographics, The LivingHome, Santa Monica is a single-family residence. It has four
Sunshine Divis Photography Developer: LivingHomes Completion date: 2006 Site area: 2,500 square feet bedrooms and 2.5 baths. The house is comprised of 11 factory-built modules
CJ that were installed on site in just 8 hours. LivingHomes are designed to
LivingHomes 2006 2,500232 achieve Energy Star and LEED Platinum certification. As with all LivingHomes
products, the LivingHome, Santa Monica, was designed to achieve the Z6
environmental goals: zero energy, zero water, zero indoor emissions, zero
waste, zero carbon, and zero ignorance. LivingHomes include modern, open
floor plans with generous exterior decks, a green roof that is solar-ready, and
geothermal systems for heating and cooling.
LivingHomes also feature triple-paned, argon filled glass and blown-in closed
cell insulation, both of which reduce heat loss. Low-flow, high-efficiency
plumbing fixtures, a rainwater catchment system and a grey water system, all
work will minimise water usage.
11
8LEED
Z6



Award name:
2007 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Projects
Award-winning reason:
The house serves as both a residence and a model home for a line of green,
modular, single-family dwellings.
Materials:
Most of the materials in the home are re-used or sustainably created. The
home was produced with 75% less construction waste than traditional home
construction. To reduce the adverse environmental impacts of conventional
materials, the home features Forest Stewardship Certified (FSC) wood for the
millwork, ceiling, siding, and framing, along with a variety of recycled materials
including 100% post-consumer recycled paper based countertops; recycled
glass tile, recycled porcelain tiles, and 100% recycled denim insulation. Also,
the home showcases organic bedding and linens, water-efficient fixtures, and
special roofing.

2007/



Z6
75%
100%
100%
145
146

1. 18% flyash in concrete 1. 18%


26,28
5 2. Concrete floors 2.
3. Forest stewardship council certified wood 3.
11,12, 4. Radiant heating 4.
13
5. 100% recyclable insulated panel 5. 100%
3 8,10 14
7,20,21 6.
6 3 26 6. indoor garden
7. LED lighting 7. LED
15
9 1,2,4 1 8.
8. Paper stone countertops
9.
9. Denatured alcohol fireplace
28 10. Bosch
24 10. Bosch energy-efficient appliances
23,30 11. Syndecrete
3
11. Syndecrete recycled content sink
26
12. Sterling
26 12. Sterling dual flush toilet
13. Kohler
13. Kohler low-flow water-efficient fixtures 14.
first floor plan 14. Grey water system 15.
5
15. Cistern storm water storage 16.
29 16. Recycled content porcelain tile 17. Enviroglas
17. Enviroglas countertop 18.
18. Cork flooring 19.
22
19. Movable walls 20.
5
20. Steel framing 21.
15,25,26 21. Low VOC paints 22.
22. Photovoltaics as rooftop canopy 23.
4 3 27
12,13, 23. Battery PV electricity storage for back-up 24.
12, 3
27 3 16,17 13, 25.
3 19 19 24. User-friendly computer interface to track building performance
16, 26.
30
27 4,7,18,20,21 30 25. Green roof
27.
26. Native species, low water use landscaping
Roof plan 3,27 28.
27. Trellis and cantilevered decks for sun shade
29.
28. Recycled concrete pavers
30.
3,27
29. Whole house fan at top of stair tower
30. Exhaust fan
Second floor plan

147

1. Bedroom
2. Parts of bedroom
3. Office
4. Bathroom
1.
2.
3.
4.

2
148

4
149

Omega Centre for Sustainable


Living
Location: New York, USA Designer: BNIM Architects Photographer: Farshid Assassi Completion date: The Omega Centre for Sustainable Living (OCSL) is a very purposeful building
2009 Site area: 6,250 square feet and site, designed to clean water, return the clean water to the local systems,
BNIM 2009 6,250 and educate users about the process. Eco Machine TM technologies were
580 selected to clean the water utilizing natural systems including the earth, plants
and sunlight. The entire building and water process utilizes site harvested
renewable energy achieving a net zero energy system. This required the facility
1. Septic tank
2. Anaerobic tank to be free of waste (volume, material, energy), organized and carefully tuned to
1 3. Constructed wetlands harvest solar energy for passive heating and lighting, utilising the entire mass
4. Aerated lagoons for thermal comfort. The resultant designs simplicity and elegance fit its noble
5. Sand filter purpose.
17 6. Subsurface dispersal Creating an interior environment, comfortable for people and at the same time
6 7. Rain gardens
fertile for the plants, was critical. The result is a careful balance of passive
8. Rainwater cistern
9. Mechanical and electrical room
(daylight, passive solar heating, natural ventilation) and mechanical (geo
7 10. Learning laboratory thermal, fans, electric lighting) comfort systems.
9
11. Photovoltaic collectors The building section demonstrates the purposefulness of the design. Plants
7
8
10 12. Metal roof growing in the interior lagoons required very precise solar energy levels on both
4
4 13. Green roof their south and north exposures. The building section, windows and skylights
3 14. Wood rainscreen siding
3
were carefully designed as an integrated system meeting the lighting needs
15. Natural ventilation
3
16. Interior finishes
while creating a memorable human experience.
2
3
17. Woodlands restoration
5 18. Solar tracking skylight
19. Stack ventilation


1.
17 2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
18
7.
8.
9.
19 14
10. Award name:
11. 2010 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
15
12. Award-winning reason:
13.
The Omega Centre for Sustainable Living (OCSL) is an education facility
14.
12
15. integrated with a highly sustainable wastewater filtration facility that will treat
16. more than 5 million gallons of wastewater annually on-site and return it to the
18
17 17. aquifer. The OCSL embodies the highest level of environmental stewardship.
9
11 13 19 11 18. The entire building and water process utilise photovoltaic panels to harvest
19.
renewable energy, achieving a net zero energy system.
16 14 Materials:
The OCSL facility is a showcase for salvaged materials. Reclaimed materials
4 3
used on the project include dimensional lumber, plywood, interior doors, beech
wood panelling, and toilet partitions claimed from warehouses, schools and
office buildings. All installed wood is either from an FSC-certified forest or a
reclaimed source, including the plywood roof and wall sheathing, which was
salvaged from the 2009 presidential inaugural stage.
151
152

2010/

500

FSC
2009
153

1
154

1. The building contains a classroom and yoga studio for campus visitors
2. The OCSL was constructed to house the Eco-Machine TM, which treats the campus
wastewater through biological means
3. The yoga studio
1.
2.
3.

3
155

Government Canyon Visitor Centre


Location: San Antonio, USA Designer: Lake Flato Architects Photographer: Chris Cooper Photography The Visitor Centre floats in a field of native grasses and restored oaks at the
Completion date: 2005 Site area: 5,500 square feet mouth of the canyon, forming a gateway to the 8,600-acre Government Canyon
2005 State Natural Area. The canyons rich ranching history is expressed in the
5,500510 exposed pipe structure.
The building respects the fragile ecosystem of the site, which lies in the
2
recharge area for San Antonios main water source the Edwards Aquifer.
It was designed for water conservation, collecting rainwater, minimising run-
3
off and contaminants, and reducing the use of ground water. In this way, the
building becomes its own educational exhibit that demonstrates sustainable
1 water use practices to visitors.
The programme for the Natural Area Headquarters included an exhibit
hall, Texas State Park store, classrooms, offices, outdoor exhibit pavilion,
amphitheatre, interpretive trails and two ranger residences.
3,480

6

4

1. Corrugated Metal Roof forms Catchment Area 1.


for Rainwater Harvesting System
5 2.
2. Gutters and Rain Chains funnel Rainwater into Award name:
Underground Storage Tanks
3. 2007 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
3. Solar Power is used to Pump Water from
Underground Storage Tanks to Tower Storage Tanks Award-winning reason:
4. Water used for Irrigation of Native Landscape/ 4. The building opens up and shades itself and fits into the landscape in an
Habitat
unaggressive way. There is also something really familiar and comfortable
5.
5. Gravity from Tower Storage Tanks provides

about it. The composition is very carefully controlled, from the site plan to
Water Pressure for Waste Water Conveyance
6. details.
6.Underground Rainwater Storage Tanks
Materials:
The primary construction consisted of rusted steel pipe with a minimum of
75% recycled content. The naturally oxidised surface protects the integrity of
the inner steel and eliminates the need for paint, decreasing material cost
5
and maintenance. Exposed native stone and fly-ash concrete finishes likewise
3
6 7 9 provide long life and low maintenance. Extremely durable and structurally
1 2 4 8 10 efficient corrugated galvanised metal roofing a locally manufactured
agricultural material provides a heat reflective surface while reducing the
need for decking and substructure.
1. Low water use native landscape 1.

2. High efficiency mechanical systems 2.
2007/
3. Roof extensions minimise summer heat gain 3.

4. Flyash concrete slab 4.

5. Elevated cistern tower 5.

6. Corrugated metal roofs 6.

7. Shaded exhibit space 7.
75%
8.
8. Rolling barn door blocks winter winds
9.
9. Rusted steel pipe
10.
10. Expansive porch
157
158

7 3

5
6
1
5

3
8 9
10
1.Exhibit 1.
10
2.Gift Shop 2.
3.Exterior Terrace 3.
6 4.Classroom 4.
6
5.Office 5.
4
6.Washroom 6.
3 7 7
7.Storage 7.
8.
8.Outdoor Classroom
9.
9.Water Cistern
10.
10.Cistern
159

World Birding Centre Headquarters


Location: Texas, USA Designer: Lake Flato Architects Photographer: Paul Hester of Hester + This eco-tourism headquarters is located in the lower Rio Grande Valley, one
Hardaway Photography Completion date: 2004 Site area: 13,000 square feet of the richest bird habitats in the world. On the major migratory pathway for
+ most North American species, the area is a primary destination for birding
2004 13,0001,207 enthusiasts.
The design approach was to do more with less. The architecture learned
from the regional vernacular, responded to the harsh climate and minimised
disturbance of existing habitat. The building creates a gateway between
disturbed agricultural land and a 1,700-acre native habitat preserve.
Sustainable features included a 35% reduction in building programme, outdoor
circulation, a narrow floor plate for effective cross ventilation and daylighting,
steel arch panels as both structure and roofing, efficient building systems,
water conservation and re-use through a rainwater collection system, and
restorative landscapes.



688
35%

Award name:
2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
Award-winning reason:
Beautifully relating to the landscape, the building creates an outdoor space and
integrates the exterior extremely successfully. Part of the nature of its place,
this building will get even better with time as the landscape comes back. It
s a charming idea and incredibly intriguing. The designers did a good climate-
based design and used sustainable strategies.
Materials:
Low-energy embodied local brick pavers line the pathways and interior public
spaces. Locally produced Clay block gives durability and thermal mass to
exterior walls. Unfinished naturally decay-resistant salvaged Cypress adds
warmth and tactile quality along the porches. Arch panel roofing spans long
distances with 45% less material by weight while eliminating structural
redundancies. Engineered wood framing materials for use on the hawk tower
and blinds eliminate arsenic and chromium treated lumber.

2006/



1. View to the centre from the Irrigation Canal

2. Exterior circulation reduces cost, maintenance and energy
1. 45%
2.

1
2
161

2 3 4
162

6
2
1
4 4
6

3 3
5
6

1. Breezeway and entrance


2. Shop/restaurant
3. Exhibit
4. Office
5. Storage
6. washroom
1.
1. Deep porches and water cisterns 2.
2. View from the Courtyard to the Habitat 3.
3. Galvanized steel & locally-produced clay block provide low maintenance and long life 4.
4. View from aisle 5.
5. World Birding Center caf 6.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
163

Jewish Reconstructionist
Congregation
Location: Evanston, USA Designer: Ross Barney Architects Photographer: Steve Hall, Hedrich The new LEED Platinum certified synagogue for the Jewish Reconstructionist
Blessing Completion date: 2008 Site area: 31,600 square feet Congregation replaces the old building at the edge of a residential area, across
from a city park and the tracks of the Skokie Swift commuter train. The design
2008 31,6002,935 balances the limitations of a small site with an ambitious programme that
uniformly promotes its worship, educational, and community objectives.
Evanstons zoning ordinance, limiting building height and lot coverage,
impacted the final building programme and design solution. The congregation
originally identified 42,000 square feet of dedicated space to serve their needs.
South Stair Transitional Space
The design met these needs in 31,600 square feet of flexible and convertible
space. The use of spaces from week to week, hour to hour, were traced over
the building levels to find the best balance of all needs.
The project demolished the existing 21,400 square foot synagogue and
constructed a new 31,600 square foot facility on the same site. The new
building has three floors containing the Congregations offices, early childhood
programme, and chapel on the first floor; their education offices, classrooms
and library on the second floor; and the sanctuary, social hall and kitchen on
the third floor.
Passive ventilation Passive Heat
Absorption LEED




3,9002,935

1,9882,935

Award name:
2009 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
Award-winning reason:
The project makes a positive contribution to the community, improves comfort
for building occupants and reduce environmental impacts through strategies
such as reuse of existing structures, connection to transit systems, low-impact
and regenerative site development, energy and water conservation, use of
sustainable or renewable construction materials, and design that improves
indoor air quality.
Displacement Ventilation Integrated Acoustics Clerestory Light Shelf Materials:
Exterior wood cladding and interior wood slat walls within the Chapel and
Sanctuary are made of reclaimed cypress from mushroom houses. Concrete
and brick from the existing building was crushed and used as engineered fill for
the new building. Reclaimed brick and limestone fill the gabion site walls. The
bimah is designed with over 1,000 square feet of reclaimed black walnut from
urban forests. Four crimson maple trees on the site were cut down and milled
to clad the large ceremonial entry door.
165
166

2009/

92

167
168
169

/ James/Swenson Civil Engineering


Building
Location: Minnesota, USA Designer: Ross Barney Architects Photographer: Kate Joyce Studios The University of Minnesota Duluth is instituting a new Bachelor of Science
Completion date: 2010 Site area: 35,300 square feet degree in Civil Engineering (BSCE). The building will house instructional
2010 and research laboratories, as well as office space, for the Civil Engineering
35,3003,280 Department. The new building builds on and reinforces the existing circulation
patterns that are part of the UMD campus.
The building materials were selected to showcase the beauty of raw, natural,
unaltered building materials that will not only serve as a sustainable building
product, but also as a teaching tool to the students within the Civil Engineering
Department. Large scuppers distribute all rainwater collected on the roof
area to a French Drain located in the entry area of the building on the North
Elevation. The French Drain is connected to a Flume within the Hydraulics
Laboratory. Water from the French Drain is used as grey water to fill the Flume
for student experiments. The exterior Cor-ten skin provides a rainscreen
system, which increases the overall R-value of the wall system.
The second floor of the building is fed by underfloor air system. This distributes
the air evenly through the spaces, while maintaining a high level of user
controllability. Innovative and highly efficient system such as displacement
ventilation and radiant panels are used throughout the building.







Award name:
LEED Gold Certification in 2010
Award-winning reason:
The new Civil Engineering Building creates a healthy environment for the
occupants through the use of integrated sustainable strategies.
Materials:
These materials include Cor-Ten steel, pre-cast and poured-in-place concrete,
reclaimed local taconite rocks, and reclaimed wood. Designed to display the
building system as a pedagogical tool, the building incorporates very few finish
materials. The use of raw and locally available products resulted in over 20% of
the total building materials being regionally harvested and manufactured, and
over 30% of the materials being recycled.

2010LEED




20%30%

171
172
173
174
175

Pocono Environmental Education


Centre
Location: Dingmans Ferry, Pennsylvania Designer: Bohlin Cywinski Jackson Photographer: Christopher Designed primarily for children, the Pocono Environmental Education Centre is
Barone, Nic Lehoux Completion date: 2006 Building area: 7,750 square feet a teaching tool, demonstrating the ways and importance of sustainability and
broadening understanding of our interdependent relationship with nature. The
2006 7,750720 building is approached through forest that gives way to wetland, where the
undulating black wall is first seen. Tires reclaimed from the Delaware River and
park grounds were converted to shingles in a durable, interlocking waterproof
skin that is maintenance-free.
Visitors reach the building across a planked bridge, entering through an
opening in the dark north wall and proceeding through a service area into the
bright, sunlit main space. This great south-facing shed makes use of the sun
s warmth, mountain breezes and abundant light, drawing upon these natural
forces for primary heating, ventilation and illumination. In the gathering space
the views of the surrounding landscape, light and shadow, calm and storm
inspire appreciation of the natural world and our responsibilities as stewards of
the environment.
The Pocono Environmental Education Centre promotes reuse of natural
resources, directly challenging visitors to consider the possibilities of
sustainable design.








Award name:
2008 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
Award-winning reason:
The new Visitor Activity Centre promotes the Pocono Environmental Education
Centres commitment to use its architecture as a teaching tool, so that all
visitors to the building will learn the importance of sustainability and broaden
their understanding of our interdependency with the natural environment.
Materials:
The concrete floor slab has an integral stain to minimise additional floor
finishes and reduce floor maintenance. Porcelain tile used in the kitchen and
serving areas is comprised of more than 95 percent reclaimed and reused
unfired raw materials. Engineered wood products have been utilised wherever
possible to reduce reliance on old growth forests. Glue-laminated timbers and
wood composite framing members are used for the buildings roof structure.
Stress-skin panels have been used for the roof of the dining and porch areas
where long-span sheathing and high insulating values are desirable. The
windows and window wall framing include a thermal break to improve thermal
performance. Low-e insulated glass units and low-conductivity edge spacers
have been also been used to further increase energy efficiency.
177
178

1. Vestibule 1.
2008/ 2. Lobby 2.
3. Main activity space 3.
4. Porch 4.
5. Serving 5.
6. Preparation 6.
95% 7. Dishwashing 7.
8.
8. Dry storage
9.
9. Cooler
10.
10. Freezer
11.
11. Office
12.
12. Staff
13.
13. Mechanical 14.
14. Storage

11 12
13
6
1 7

14 2 6 5 7 8 9 10

4 3
4
179

Cesar Chavez Library


Location: Phoenix, USA Designer: Line and Space, LLC Photographer: Bill Timmerman Completion The library is integrated into a park made of mounded earth, while being
date: 2007 Site area: 1,742,400 square feet adjacent to a large man-made lake a remnant from mid 20th century water
2007 attitudes. Through appropriate orientation, glazing at the north and south of
1,742,400161,874 the building allows natural daylight to fill interior space. The west elevation is
designed with no windows to mitigate direct solar heat gain, reducing demand
on the mechanical system. Deep overhangs over all windows protect the
building from the harsh desert summer sun. Overhangs extend the usability of
outdoor spaces by providing shade over seating and gathering areas as well as
a zone of thermal and visual transition from the hot, bright exterior to interior
space.
7 Daylighting in public and staff areas minimizes the use of conventional lighting
and provides occupants with a connection to the surrounding outdoors. A
4
5 3 1 2 6 large overhang coupled with reuse of building exhaust air provides a tempered
6
microclimate in the outdoor reading patio. Adjustable spot diffusers allow users
to fine-tune their individual environment increasing the patios comfort and
usability.
1. Service desk 1. All rainwater from the 37,000 sf roof is collected and stored in the adjacent
2. Computer classroom 2. lake for use in park and landscape irrigation. This quantity balances the total
3. Media stacks 3. water used for toilet flushing during the year.
4. Reading nook 4.
5. Catch basin 5. 20
6. Earth berm 6.
7. Roof gutter 7.




3,437

2
3
Award name:
2008 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
Award-winning reason:
The library was recognized for its environmental design in response to the
site and the desert climate, in addition to its contribution to the surrounding
community.
4
Materials:
1. Shade is crucial 1. Concrete masonry, steel and aluminum were selected for their clean
2. Adjustable spot diffuser 2. appearance, durability, low maintenance, ability to be recycled and local
3. Plenum with in-line transfer fan 3. availability. These materials coupled with the open-plan design allow for
4. Normally exhausted air; harvested and 4.
long-term flexibility and adaptability over time, increasing the service life of
recycled to temper outdoor reading patio
the project. Minimal use of interior partitions in public areas allows for easy
modifications to shelving and furnishing layouts as the library grows and
changes to accommodate future needs.
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2008/

26

23
10 24
8
25

9 7
4
4
6
11
20
12 26
26
3
23

13 4
19
14 22
15 5
1. 15. 1. Entrance plaza 14. Staff patio 2
2. 16. 2. Entrance 15. Break room 18
21 26
3. 17. 3. Service desk 16. Meeting room 17
16
4. 18. 4. Computers 17. Staff entrance 23 24
5. 19. 5. Media stacks 18. Circulation workroom
6. 20. 25
6. Collection stacks 19. New book display 1
7. 21. 7. Teen area 20. Cesar Chavez artifacts display
8. 22.
8. Reading patio 21. Book drops
9. 23.
9. Childrens area 22. Catch basin
10. 24.
10. Easy1-2-3 23. Edge of roof
11. 25.
11. Childerns story room 24. Skyholes
12. 26.
12. Computer classroom 25. Sculpture
13.
14. 13. Staff offices 26. Earth berms
183

University of California Santa Barbara


Student Resource Building
Location: Santa Barbara, USA Designer: Sasaki Associates Photographer: Sasaki Associates, Inc., The Student Resource Building (SRB) houses a diverse group of student-related
Robert Benson, Greg Hursley Completion date: 2007 Site area: 69,500 square feet organisations and offices. The entire building arrays around a central glazed
space called the Forum. The Forum is the marketplace, the centre of activity
2007 69,5006,456 for students, and is expressed on the exterior of the building as a shaded glass
volume. The interior space is traversed by a glass bridge and also features
clerestory windows and large glazed walls at either end that frame dramatic
campus vistas. The Multi-Purpose Room is an oval-shaped volume that has an
angled roof and is also expressed visually on the buildings exterior.
The projects location both reinforces the master-plan principles and orients
the building mass in an ideal configuration for daylighting, climate control, and
natural ventilation. The site for the sustainable building provides an east/west
orientation optimal for environmental conditions. From an urban standpoint,
the SRB is also appropriately situated on the border between the campus and
the Isla Vista neighbourhood, a funky urban oasis.






1 2

5
Award name:
4 Top Ten Award of AIA in 2008
6
Award-winning reason:
Sustainability was a resolute goal of the student-funded project. Interior
materials were limited and specified focusing on natural, rapidly renewal,
7 8 materials that contain recycled content with low VOCs.
Materials:
Rapidly renewable rubber flooring is used for its natural properties that require
10
9 limited maintenance. Engineered stone floor tiles are made from recycled stone
waste formed in a resin matrix which require low maintenance and no waxing or
1. Sunlight enters forum in the winter 1.
polishing. Exposed concrete frame requires no additional finishes. Wool textiles
2. Overhang shades forum in the summer 2.
3. Light flows through clerestory 3. are made from recycled post-consumer nylon. Glazed office and vision panels
4. Shades block summer sun 4. transmit light from both the exterior and from the Forums clerestory windows.
5. Daylight from north 5.
6.
6. Warm air escapes through clerestory
7. 2008
7. Winter sun enters
8.
8. View to outdoors from inner rooms
9.
9. Tree provide shade in the summer and deliver cooler air
10.
10. Natural ventilation circulates through the forum


185
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1. Multipurpose room
2. Forum
3. Student resource centre 3 3 3 3 3 3 1
9
4. Lobby
5. Childrens centre
6. Mechanical 4 2
4

7. Kitchen 7

8. Womens centre
9. Student conference room 10
3
10. Library 11 9

11. Computer room 8


6 3
1.
7
2. 6 5 5 5
3.
5
4.
5. 5 5
6.
7.
8.
9.
10. 5
5
11.
187
188
189
190
191
192
193

University of Arizona Recreation


Centre Expansion
Location: Tucson, USA Designer: Sasaki Associates Photographer: Bill Timmerman Completion date: The site for the project was previously a parking lot. The project provides new
2010 Site area: 54,000 square feet open space for recreation and socialisation and reduces the local heat island
2010 54,000 effect by using low-emission paving and white roofs.
5,016 The project incorporates high-efficiency plumbing fixtures, which reduce its
water use by 47.5%. Passive stormwater harvesting strategies have been
utilised for the landscaped areas, increasing permeability and reducing runoff
through the use of infiltration basins. Most of the plantings that surround the
project have been selected for their ability to thrive in an arid environment.
The project utilises passive solar measures as the primary approach for energy
efficiency, including optimal building orientation, daylight and views on the
north and south, opaque walls on the east and west, high-efficiency building
envelopes, and cool roofs. For example, the 54,000 sf of white roofing reflects
the suns energy and remains cool while reducing both the heat load and the
energy costs spent for air conditioning the building.


47.5%


5,016

Award name:
LEED Platnimum, 2010
Award-winning reason:
Targeted for LEED Silver, the design process revealed a deeper desire to
express how sustainability in a desert environment can be achieved. The
project is a study of balancing transparency and opacity, and appropriately
engaging the qualities of the Sonoran Desert sun. Through design teams
collaboration with the owner and construction manager, ultimately the project
achieved LEED Platinum certification, without affecting the original project
budget.
Materials:
Materials using recycled content make up over 20% of the total value of
the materials in the project. More than 10% of all the materials used for
construction were either manufactured or produced within 500 miles of Tucson.
Utilising local materials not only resulted in fewer trucks travelling fewer miles,
but also helped local business and local economies to thrive.

2010LEED

LEED

LEED

20%10%800

195
196

1. Fitness
2. Courtyard
3. Outdoor Adventures
4. Equipment Preparation
5. M.A.C Gymnasium
1.
2. 1
3.
4.
5. M.A.C

4
5
197
198
199
200
201

TWA TWA Corporate Headquarters


Location: Kansas City, USA Designer: el dorado Inc. Photographer: Timothy Hursley, Mike Sinclair Expansive glazing, primarily on the buildings southern and western faades,
Completion date: 2007 Site area: 140,000 square feet made heating and cooling the building efficiently a major goal. Strategies were
el dorado 2007 developed to ensure thermal comfort starting with insulated, low-e glazing units
140,00013,006 and thermally broken custom window systems. Ultraviolet-blocking shades and
the addition of trees, placed in a rhythm to compliment the buildings column
spacing, rounded out the architects passive solar improvement strategy.
As originally designed, the first two floors of this building were bifurcated by an
alley, causing duplicate lift cores, inefficient floor plates and awkward internal
navigation. The alley was abandoned and the floors made contiguous. Flexibility
and efficiency in delivering conditioned air is achieved through the use of a
raised floor plenum. By adding multiple roof gardens with outdoor meeting
areas and native grasses and wildflowers, unusable rooftop was transformed
into a building and environmental asset. In addition, the planted roof adds
excellent insulation, and helps reduce the amount of water entering the city
s overtaxed storm-water system. The most sustainable part of the project
might very well be the continued use of a building that had been slated for
demolition.







Award name:
Greening Rooftops for Sustainable Communities Green Excellence Award 2008
Award-winning reason:
Both roofscapes offer habitat that supports local and transient bird populations
as well as insects and migratory butterflies, most notably the Monarch Butterfly.
In addition, they offer improved urban landscape views from adjacent buildings.
Respecting the architectural legacy of the original building, but opening
up whole new possibilities for beauty and amenity, the TWA HQ green roof
exemplifies the incredible potential of the extensive industrial/commercial
green roof.

2008


TWA

203
204

1. New entrance in 2007


2. Walkway
3. Lift
4. Office space
1. 2007
2.
3.
4.

3 1 2

4
205
206
207

Westcave Preserve Environmental


Learning Centre
Location: Texas, USA Designer: Jackson & McElhaney Architects Photographer: Greg Hursley, Ron To minimise the impact of construction on the preserve, the building is sited in
Sprouse, Casey Dunn Completion date: 2003 Site area: 3,030 square feet interior and square feet an existing open space and utilises an existing ranch road and pocket parking
exterior in between trees. A model of efficient, earth-friendly architecture, the building is
designed to use its sustainable features to teach visitors about the fundamental
2003 3,0302814,000371 elements of the physical environment. Sustainable design features double as
educational exhibits. The project has won multiple awards based on the success
of these exhibits to inspire environmental awareness and conservation in the
10,000 annual visitors to the preserve.
Water quality and water cycles are demonstrated through the use of a rainwater
collection and filtration system. The system mimics the perched aquifer.
Wetlands and Clivus Multrum wastewater systems show recycling of materials
in nature. Natural ventilation, orientation and a weather station illustrate the
physics of air currents and air quality at the site.
Sustainable energy systems, including a photovoltaic array, ground source heat
pumps, daylighting, R-30 cellulose insulation, large overhangs, attic fans and
efficient lighting are integrated into the building. An interactive panel shows how
these sustainable energy systems can be controlled to balance energy demand.
Stone walls illustrate fossils of local sedimentary stones. Seasonal cycles are
illustrated by a meridian line and sky map embedded in the terrazzo floor.
6
9
1

7 10,000
10
2

11
3 8 R30

Award name:
2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
4 Award-winning reason:
12
The following features contributed to its winning the COTE Award: sensitive siting
in a delicate ecosystem, rainwater harvesting, natural ventilation, energy-efficient
5 mechanical and electrical systems, a photovoltaic panel, interactive educational
exhibits demonstrating the green features and maths and science in nature.
Materials:
1. reused/salvaged wood decking 1. The project specifies light-gauge steel framing with highest recycled content.
2. recycled aluminum content in roof 2.
3.
Non-solar cooling loads are provided by an open-floor plan and openings
3. recycled steel content in structural steel
4. regional stone walls and seating 4. located to catch prevailing breezes and operable windows. Light levels are
5. flyash concrete foundation 5. alternated for appropriateness for different tasks. The photovoltaic (PV) system
6. solar powered exhaust fan 6. generates electricity on-site.
7. vented cupola 7.
8.
8. natural ventilation
9. 2006/
9. large overhangs for shading
10.
10. summer solstice afternoon sun
11.
11. winter solstice afternoon sun
12.
12. ambient daylight


209
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1. Entrance 1.
2. Orientation room 2.
3. Office 3.
4. Classroom 4.
5. Storage 5. 13 15
6. Covered outdoor room 6.
7. Water collection cistern 7.
9
8.
8. Water collection cistern
9.
9. Trail head
10. 8 10 11 12 14
10. Storage
11.
11. Mechanical room
12. 4 2
12. Mechanical room 20
13.
13. Stone terrace 14. 6
18
14. Workroom 15. 16
15. Wildlife cistern 5 19 17
16. 7 3 21
16. Photovoltaic panel 17.
17. Water collection cistern 18. 1

18. Outdoor classroom 19.


19. Storage 20.
20. Classroom 21.
21. Storage
211
212
213

Henderson Community Centre


Location: California, USA Designer: Patel Architecture Photographer: David Glomb Completion date: The focus of green design is for the project to work in harmony with the natural
2009 Site area: 5,726 square feet features and resources surrounding the site, and to use materials that are
2009 sustainably grown or recycled rather than new materials from non-renewable
5,726530 resources. All casework was designed with Bamboo facing.
When natural light, sound absorption, views to the outside, air quality, and
thermal comfort are factored into interior design, it significantly improves the
quality of these spaces. Paint made without Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
and cabinets made without toxins, such as formaldehyde, are suggested, while
natural stone for counters and flooring is recommended over synthetic surfaces
and carpeting, bringing a natural, comfortable feel to the home. To protect
the health of the families who reside in these homes, water-based adhesives
and low-VOC adhesives are used to secure the flooring material. This type of
thinking promotes the protection of human and environmental health.
The designer's commitment to waste management goes far beyond safe
disposal of hazardous waste. They delegate their contractors to send all
plastics, steel, concrete, cardboard, metal, drywall, glass, and more to waste
recycling facilities, thus reducing the amount of waste diverted to landfills. All
landscaping around the building was selected to be desert plants and trees
which require very minimum amount of water. The drip system irrigation was
designed to be even more efficient in water usage.










Award name:
LEED Silver (Green Design Award
Award-winning reason:
It maintained a sustainable site during construction by providing alternate
transportation options, a storm water management plan, and a reduced heat
island effect on the roof. The buildings design and assembly reduce the
lighting power density, and solar panels provide an on-site renewable energy.
Materials:
For the exterior of the building Sanyos photovoltaic panels were used to off-set
more that 5% of the buildings electrical demand. The concrete-based insulated
exterior walls reduce the thermal transfer and thermal mass of the building
and can also withstand wind and seismic loads. The metal roofing panels
and door frames are made from recycled content. The interior of the building
also features green design products. Preconsumer recycled wood fiber, with
formaldehyde-free adhesives makes up the interior wall panels. Solarban glass
215
216

blocks 62% of solar energy while allowing 70% of the visible light in. Polished
concrete flooring, eco-friendly carpet, energy-efficient lighting and low flow
faucets were all used to help increase the indoor quality of the building.

LEED

5%

62%70%

217
218
219

Immaculate Heart of Mary


Motherhouse
Location: Monroe, USA Designer: SMP Architects Photographer: Barry Halkin Completion date: 2003 The Sisters wanted to leave a legacy to future generations with this project. One
Site area: 12,196,800 square feet of the missions of their order is to respect the Earth and promote eco-justice,
SMP 2003 12,196,800 so the hope was to create a community that would exemplify these ideals.
1,133,120 Since the Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary congregation is known
for its teaching excellence, the Sisters saw this project as an opportunity
to teach the public about important environmental issues. Throughout the
design process, issues that the Design Team was studying with the Sisters
were presented to neighbours so they could learn about how to live with
more respect for the environment. Even if suggested strategies had a very
long payback (longer than many of them would live), the Sisters still chose to
incorporate them to be able to teach about them the ground coupled HVAC
system and the gray water system are examples. The constructed project
dramatically showcases many of the sustainable strategies, through exhibits
and signage prepared by the Sisters. In addition, the once enclosed and
dark buildings were renovated by the Design Team to focus both visitors and
residents, even those too infirm to go outdoors, on the beautiful site and the
amazing things that SSIHM did with it.







Award name:
2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Project
Award-winning reason:
The Motherhouse was praised for its water conservation strategies. Although
the number of plumbing fixtures was greatly increased, the amount of water
that it used was greatly decreased. The jury felt that it was one of the first
examples of a sustainable historic renovation. The judges said that there are
many buildings similar to the Motherhouse in the countrys inventory and it
should be a model for future renovations.
Materials:
A number of the interior materials were either made from recycled materials
(carpet, ceramic tile, bathroom partitions, drywall, ceiling tiles, structural steel)
or rapidly renewable materials (most of the floors are covered with either
linoleum or cork). Existing materials were also refinished and reused in the
renovated building all of the paneled wood doors were refinished and reused,
as well as building in cabinets. Marble toilet partitions were cut down and used
as counter tops and window sills.
221

1
222

2006/

5 6 3

1. Resident Services 1.
2. Residences 2.
3. Library 3.
4. Classrooms / Meeting 4. /
1. Main entrance 5.
5. Archives
2. Courtyard 6.
6. Clinic
1. 7. Staff 7.
2.
223

1. Stair and hall


2. Corridor
3. Lobby
4. Dividing walkway
1.
2.
3.
4.

2
224

4
225

Dockside Green:Phases I & II


Location: Canada Designer: Busby Perkins+Will Architects Photographer: Enrico Dagostini and Vince The project includes four detached buildings constructed over a common
Klassen Completion date: Phase 1 - 2008; Phase 2 - 2009 Site area: Phase 1 - 178,680 square feet; underground parking structure, including a nine-storey residential tower with
Phase 2 - 152,865 square feet commercial units at grade; a two-storey townhouse; a six-storey condo building
+
with commercial units at grade; and, a four-storey residential building.
20082009 178,68016,600152,865 Dockside Green employs an integrated energy system that includes a biomass
14,420 gasification plant that converts locally-sourced wood waste into a clean burning
gas to produce heat and hot water. The biomass gasification system, along with
selling the extra biomass heat to a neighbouring hotel, has rendered the project
2 3 4 5 carbon neutral on a net annual basis.
6
The developments many other sustainable features include: on-site wastewater
treatment that will save more than 200 million litres of water annually; rooftop
1
7
gardens; a car co-op with Smart Car; and, additional energy-saving features,
8 including Energy Star appliances, heat recovery ventilation units, and Low E
double glazed windows. A series of ponds spread throughout Docksides central
11
12
greenway also assist in on-site stormwater storage.
In 2009 Dockside Green Residential Phase II or Balance was completed.
It is one of the first buildings to be declared Carbon Neutral as part of the
9
10
12
Clinton Climate Development Initiative. Balance is comprised of two buildings
16
of 10 and 11 storeys. It has 177 residential units, a common underground park
13
ing structure, and townhouses at grade. It is part of the 15-acre mixed-use
17 Dockside Green development, which includes live/work, hotel, retail, office and
14
light industrial uses, as well as numerous public amenities.
18
15
9
64
21 22

23

19 24
20 2


2009
1. Wood waste 13. Bio-diesel 1. 13.
1011177
2. Wood 14. Sewage waste 2. 14.
60,700
3. Gasifier 15. To waste water treatment plant 3. 15.

4. Scrubber 16. Waste water 4. 16.
5. Cogeneration unit 17. Bio-gas 5. 17.
6. Exhaust 18. Treated water for reuse 6. 18. Award name:
7. Heat 19. Kitchen and garden waste 7. 19. 2009 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green Projects
8. 20.
8. Electricity 20. To compost plant
9. 21.
Award-winning reason:
9. Grease feedstock 21. Leachate
10. 22. Dockside Green demonstrates design innovation while contributing to its
10. To energy plant 22. Sludge
11. 23. surrounding community. The developments energy systems ensure greenhouse
11. Glycerin byproduct 23. Ash
12. Bio-diesel 24. Compost
12. 24. gas neutrality, while allowing the project to become a net-energy provider.
Materials:
Carpets are carefully selected based on low emissions and environmental
qualities. The designers use carpet tiles for corridors in the residential
buildings as this will reduce long-term maintenance and waste for condo
owners. Bamboo flooring and cabinets are used with upgrade options for other
environmentally friendly products like cork flooring. The designers also use
some salvaged wood products to promote sustainable harvesting practices.
The wood frame townhouses are using Triton Wood, which comes from old
growth standing trees that were harvested from reservoirs in British Columbia.
227
228

2009/

Typical Synergy tower floorplan


Dockside Green site plan



229
230
231

1
232

1. Dockside Inspiration Office Tower


2. Dockside Inspiration and Balance, with retail coffee shop in front
1.
2.
233

Richmond Olympic Oval


Location: Richmond, Canada Designer: Cannon Design Photographer: Derek Lepper Photography, Nic The Richmond Olympic Oval (ROO) is a ground-breaking facility in the world of
Lehoux, City of Richmond, Hubert Kang Completion date: 2008 Site area: 1,393,920 square feet sports design.
Nic Lehoux The signature venue for the 2010 Vancouver Olympic Winter Games, the ROO
2008 1,393,920129,500 hosted the long-track speed skating competition during the event.
Beyond its use during the 2010 Winter Games, the ROO is a unique legacy
facility that is being transformed into a multi-use community recreation and
sports venue. The sports venue houses one of the most flexible interior spaces
available for sport and recreation in the world. The buildings flexibility and
adaptive use allow for combined sports, recreation and community uses
simultaneously as well as allowing conversions of each of these programmes
to new uses. The level of convertibility and multi-use achieved in the ROO is
unprecedented in the design of high-performance sport buildings. No other
Olympic speed skating oval conceived previously has offered this type of
community-based legacy.
The ROO is also on the cutting-edge of sustainable design, breaking new
ground for sports and wellness facilities. Made of wood salvaged from the
pine-beetle epidemic in local forests, the roof is the largest surface ever
assembled from conventional lumber. In all stages of design, Cannon Design
took every opportunity to reduce energy use and minimise the expenditure of
natural resources. Moreover, in the creation of ice, heat energy extracted from
the water that is usually wasted is captured by the Oval and used for energy
throughout the facility. The Oval has achieved LEED Silver certification.
2010








LEED

Award name:
The Globe Foundation and the World Green Building Council Excellence for
Green Building Award
Award-winning reason:
The design team have displayed a commitment to green building by
incorporating building technologies and materials that minimise environmental
impacts while taking advantage of local resources, innovations, and
businesses.
Materials:
The Richmond Olympic Oval is a model for cutting-edge sustainable design,
breaking new ground for sports and wellness facilities. In addition to conferring
1. The ROO preserves the Fraser River and surrounding environment direct environmental and social benefits, the Ovals green design features are
2. The Richmond Olympic Oval at night also expected to yield significant operational cost savings over the buildings
1. lifespan. The building has achieved LEED Silver Certification, a highly unusual
2. achievement for a facility of this type and size.

1
2
235

2
236

LEED

9 8

7 6 5 3 2 1
4

1. Fitness Equipment Area


1.
2. Core Fitness 2.
3. Meeting Room 3.
4. Tenant 4.
5.
1. The ROO earned numerous design awards 5. Support
2. The ROO will help spur urban development projects in the surrounding area 6. Multi-purpose Room 6.
7. Tenant 7.
3. The ROO offers stunning views of its natural surroundings 8.
8. Speed Skating Oval
1. 9.
9. Support
2.
3.
237
238
239

2
240

1. The ROO roof structure is made entirely of pine-beetle kill wood


2. The ROO hosted all speed skating events during the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics
3. The ROO also serves as a training centre for world-class athletes
1.
2. 2010
3.
241

Calgary Courts Centre


Location: Calgary, Canada Designer: Kasian Architecture Interior Design and Planning Ltd The Calgary Courts Centre, which has been designed to meet LEED Silver, is the
Photographer: Robert Lemermeyer Completion date: 2007 Building area: 1,000,000 square feet largest courthouse in Canada and the third largest in North America.
Kasian 2007
The Calgary Courts Centre represents the ideal that justice should be open and
1,000,00092,900 accessible to all, resulting in a design solution focused on transparency. The
building has two towers, with 20 and 24 storeys respectively, which are joined
by a prominent 26-storey glazed central atrium which has become the heart
of the Calgary Courts Centre. The design makes extensive use of glass and
windows and achieves a high level of unobtrusive security.
The project uses low-flow toilets and sensors on sinks in all washrooms to
reduce water consumption by over 25%. It collects rainwater in a storage tank
in the basement for use in irrigation. The Calgary Courts Centre attains 42%
more energy efficiency in comparison to a standard building. Some of the
strategies used to attain this include triple glazing, a system to recover waste
heat from air exhausted out of the building, high-efficiency heating and cooling
equipment, and daylight harvesting, which employs special lighting systems
within the building that automatically adjusts based on the amount of natural
light entering the spaces.
Kasian worked with a team of design consultants on the Calgary Courts Centre
project, including architect Carlos Ott, NORR, Spillis Candela DMJM, and
landscape architect, Cornelia Oberlander.
LEED

202426

25%
42%


Kasian
NORRDMJM

Award name:
The Miami Chapter, AIA Green Building Award 2008
Award-winning reason:
The central glass atrium of the new Calgary Courts Centre is an architectural
metaphor for the concept that justice must be transparent to all. It also
connects two reinforced concrete towers via a system of structural steel bridges
and trusses in an engineering feat that could be a first in North America.
Materials:
The project uses wheatstraw fibreboard in all millwork, which is a rapidly renewable
and non-toxic material. It uses recycled materials such as fly-ash, an industrial
1. The architectural expression of the building waste product, in the concrete, and incorporating steel and rebar that is over 90%
2. The extensive use of glass recycled. It also re-uses salvaged construction materials from demolition.
3. At approximately one million square feet, the building is
the third largest court centres in North America 2008
1.
2.
3. 92,903


90%

1 2
2
243
244
245
246
247

This modern court is designed to foster democratic rights, individual freedoms and
justice.

248

With 73 courtrooms, it is the largest courthouse facility in Canada


73
249

Provincetown Art Association and


Museum
Location: Provincetown, MA, USA Designer: Machado and Silvetti Associates Photographer: Anton The renovation and expansion to Provincetown Art Association and Museum
Grassl/Esto Completion date: 2006 Building area: 19,500 square feet (PAAM) created a new architectural identity for the institution, while improving
/ PAAMs ability to display and store art. The objectives for the project included
2006 19,5001,812 establishing a clear entrance for the Museum that incorporated an existing
historic structure; developing a clear sequence of gallery spaces that could be
used individually or collectively; and expanding the Museum School and art
storage areas.
The project was realised in two phases. The first involved the renovation of
4 the Hargood House and two galleries, making a library and expanding the
5 6 7
office spaces. This was followed by a second phase of new construction. This
included creating the Patrons, Jalbert and Duffy Galleries, as well as much
needed new art storage areas and an expanded Museum School. In contrast to
2
3
2 the existing galleries, which are closed within the building, the new ones open
towards Commercial Street. This gesture is meant to literally and figuratively
open the institution to the community. As part of the second phase, all of the
1
buildings mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems were replaced. The
work took nearly three years to complete and has roughly doubled the size of
the institution.


1. Permanent storage 5. Directors office 1. 5.

2. Gallery 6. Office 2. 6.

3. Lobby 7. Stair 3. 7.

4. Painting studio 4.



14
13
12 1. Concrete slab on grade, rigid 1. Award name:
insulation, vapor barrier, compacted 2007 National LEED Milestone: First LEED Certified Art Museum In The USA
11 gravel and geotextile 2. Award-winning reason:
3.
2. Concrete foundation wall with PAAM was designed to rigorous standards of sustainable design and has
insulation and damproofing 4.
10 5. earned a Silver LEED rating. PAAM is the first LEED rated art museum in the
3. Structural slab on steel framing
9
4. Fiber block flooring 6. United States. Significant aspects of PAAMs green design include a thermally
8
7 5. Exterior door
7. efficient building skin, the use of natural light and a daylight dimming
6
6. Dutch lap wood shingle assembly
8. system for the galleries and studio spaces, and a photovoltaic array on the
9.
on furring
10.
new roof. The building also has a natural ventilation system which, when
7. Exterior structural sheathing and
11. appropriate, allows the building to be cooled with outside air.
air barrier
5 12. Materials:
8. Platform framing with insulation
9. Wood louver assembly on furring
13. Some of the significant sustainable design elements include: a thermally
14.
10. Structural steel framing for glass
efficient building skin with a wood rain-screen wall, added insulation and
4 lantern high-performance windows and skylights; use of natural light, where possible,
3
11. Edge of ceiling for gallery and studio spaces; use of photovoltaic array to satisfy some of the
2 12. Insulated glazing buildings electrical needs; a natural ventilation system for gallery and studio
13. Plaster ceiling at lantern spaces; installation of high-efficient plumbing and mechanical equipment;
14. Single ply roofing membrance use of recycled, local and low-emitting building materials where possible;
with insulation installation of a landscape which uses native plants and minimises storm
1
water run-off; a parking lot made with permeable paving that does not create
additional run-off on site.
251

1. View of the new addition, with a base of board-formed


concrete, a middle section of over-scaled shingles and
louvered upper level
2. Faade view with the renovated portion on the right and
the new addition on the left
3. View from the western side of the addition with Cape
Cod Bay in the background
1.

2.
3.

2
252

2007LEEDLEED

LEED 1. Preparations area


LEED 2. Special exhibits gallery
3. Hinged movable wall

4. Gallery

5. Loading dock
2
6. Lift

4 7. School vestibule

3 8. Mens restroom

1 9. Womens restroom
10. Bookshop
15 11. Museum ticketing
6
5 12. Vestibule
13. Coat room
7 14. Storage
8
9 15. library
1.
4
2.
3.
10
3
4.
5.
4 11 6.
14 7.
8.
13 4 9.
12
10.
14
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
253
254
255

1
256

1. A new light-filled studio space in the addition


2. View of a new studio interior
3. Interior view of the new front galleries with windows that open to the main faade on
Commercial Street, making the Provincetown Art Association and Museum accessible to
the public
1.
2.
3.

3
257

UT School of Nursing and Student


Centre
Location: Texas, USA Designer: BNIM Architects and Lake/Flato Architects Photographer: Hester + The School of Nursing and Student Community Centre is an eight-story facility
Hardaway, Richard Payne Completion date: 2004 Site area: 195,000 square feet located in Houston's Texas Medical Centre on a prominent site adjacent to
BNIM/ +
Fay Park. This facility has been designed with three primary guiding principles:
2004 195,00018,116 provide physical and visual connections to Fay Park; express the interior
functions within the exterior massing and materials; maximise human health
and productivity and minimise the impact on the environment.
The building includes approximately 20,000 sf of state-of-the-art classrooms, a
200-seat auditorium, caf and dining room, bookshop, student lounge, student
government offices, research laboratory and faculty offices. Outdoor spaces
include a labyrinth for the Texas Medical Centre Community.
Using the LEED rating system as a starting point, the building strives for the
highest levels of sustainable and pedagogical design. The building has achieved
a LEED Gold rating, though, it has been designed to accommodate systems
that could eventually take it to a Platinum level, including a photovoltaic array
on the rooftop.


1,858200

LEEDLEED
LEED

Award name:
2006 AIA/COTE Top Ten Green project
Award-winning reason:
The School of Nursing utilised a holistic design approach that unites faade
design, building systems, resource conservation and materials reclamation in
creation of a high-performing, integrated educational and academic workplace
facility. The strategies have a quantifiable return on investment: the annual
purchased utilities cost for the School of Nursing is approximately 60% less
than comparable buildings on the campus. In addition, rainwater storage tanks
capture approximately 826,140 gallons of rainwater or grey water (non-potable
water) per year fulfilling the estimated 42,000 gallons needed each month for
toilet flushing and irrigation.
Materials:
The building structure is primarily concrete, with 48% of the portland cement
replaced by flyash, and structural steel, with 80% recycled content. Cladding
materials include locally salvaged brick, reclaimed cypress logs, and recycled
aluminum panels. The stone base, brick walls, and cypress siding were all
sourced within 500 miles of the building site.

2006/


60%
826,14042,000


48%80%
800
259
260

1. Fay park
2. Labyrinth
3. Service building
4. Water cisterns
5. Breezeway
6. Main entrance
7. Main lobby
8. Caf 1

9. Auditorium
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
5
8.
9. 9 8 2
7 6 3

4
261

1
262

1. Atria at the School of Nursing and Student Centre brings daylight deep into
the eight-story building
2. Spaces throughout the building are designed with a connection to nature
1.
2.
263

Hong Kong Polytechnic University


Hong Kong Community College
Location: Hong Kong, China Designer: AD+RG Architecture Design and Research Group (In The form is composed of various teaching blocks stacked spirally in the air,
Collaboration with AGC Design Ltd and Wang Weijen Architecture) Photographer: Tang Ka Fai, Shum which are separated with sky gardens at different levels. The various blocks
Kam Chung Completion date: 2007 Site area: 283,090 square feet have different degrees of opacity. The opacity controls the degrees of direct
AGC sunlight casting into the interior of the building with different degrees of
2007 283,09026,300 intensity. The interface of the low block and high block is spatially separated
with a top sky-lighted atrium. It serves as a focal point to link up various
facilities together and orientates the internal space and circulation.
The mass teaching facilities are arranged on the lower floors. They are shared
and connected effectively with the escalators and lifts system. Main staircases
are always provided next to the escalators and also link up all sky gardens
together. It helps to bring the outdoor atmosphere to the interior.
Sky garden is one of the major design features. From the appearance of the
building, a spiral-chain of sky gardens could be perceived and the conspicuous
feature is distinctive from the surroundings. The sky gardens are conducive to
students discussions on projects and casual gathering for socialising. Among
the intense urban fabric, the sky gardens provide good locations for viewing
towards Hung Hom district and the relatively open Hung Hom Station and
Coliseum areas. The choice of bamboo in the sky gardens suffices to let sun
light shining into the interiors and some large trees are also planted to form a
lively and pleasant atmosphere.








Award name:
Merit Award in New Construction Category, Green Building Award 2008
Award-winning reason:
Its notable feature is the integration of a spiral chain of sky gardens in the
tower, resulting in hanging garden spaces for academic interaction and a more
permeable building mass for facilitating air ventilation in the surroundings.
Materials:
Eco-paving block was provided at the non-building area on LG.F. A bleed-off
tank located on 4/F will be provided to collect bleed-off water from cooling
towers, which will be transferred to flushing water tank for flushing purpose.
Air-transferring duct completed with silencer will be provided for air-conditioned
areas for transferring air to the corridors, from which the used air will then be
transferred to the toilets where exhaust system is installed.
265
266

2008

6
1. Stage and backstage area
2. Store room
3. Multi-purpose hall
5
4. Building line above
5. Classroom
5
6. AHU
7. Lecture theatre 4
2
1.
2. 3 5
5
3. 1 5
4.
5.
6.
7.
267
268
269

Index

AD+RG Architecture Design and HOK


Research Group Ltd Website: www.hok.com
Website: www.adrg.com.hk Contact: HOKContact@hok.com
Contact: adrg@adrg.com.hk
Hughes Condon Marler Architects
BDP Website: hcma.ca
Website: www.bdp.com Contact: office@hcma.ca
Contact: enquiries@bdp.com
Jackson&McElhaney Architects
BNIM Architects Website: www.jacksonmcelhaney.com
Website: www.bnim.com Contact: contact@jacksonmcelhaney.com
Contact: egehle@bnim.com
Kasian Architecture Interior Design and
Bohlin Cywinski Jackson Planning Ltd
Website: www.bcj.com Website: www.kasian.com
Contact: info_request@bcj.com Contact: info@kasian.com

Busby Perkins+Will Architects KieranTimberlake


Website: www.busby.ca Website: kierantimberlake.com/home/index.html
Contact: info@busbyperkinswill.com Contact: timberlake@kierantimberlake.com

Cannon Design Lake Flato Architects


Website: www.cannondesign.com Website: www.lakeflato.com
Contact: cwhitcomb@cannondesign.com Contact: marketing@lakeflato.com

DesignLAB Architects Leers Weinzapfel Associates


Website: www.designlabarch.com Website: www.lwa-architects.com
Contact: info@designLABarch.com Contact:marketing@lwa-architects.com

El Dorado Inc Levitt Bernstein Associates


Website: www.eldoradoarchitects.com Website: www.levittbernstein.co.uk
Contact: bfroelich@eldoradoarchitects.com Contact: post@levittbernstein.co.uk
270

Line and Space,LLC Susan Maxman&Partners


Website: www.lineandspace.com Website: www.smparchitects.com
Contact: studio627@lineandspace.com Contact:jsr@SMPArchitects.com

Machado and Silvetti Associates Swatt Architects


Website: www.machado-silvetti.com Website: www.swattmiers.com
Contact: info@machado-silvetti.com Contact: info@swattmiers.com

Moore Ruble Yudell Architects and Planners The Kubala Washatko Architects
Website: www.mryarchitects.com Website: www.tkwa.com
Contact: info@mryarchitects.com Contact: studio@tkwa.com

Patel Architecture VMDO Architects


Website: www.patelarchitecture.com Website: www.vmdo.com
Contact: sarah@patelarchitecture.com Contact: mthacker@vmdo.com

Perkins+Will ZGF Architects


Website: www.perkinswill.com Website: www.zgf.com
Contact: media@perkinswill.com Contact: info@zgf.com

Ray Kappe Architects


Website: www.kappedu.com/RayKappe.html
Contact: info@kappedu.com

Ross Barney Architects


Website: www.rbjarchitects.com
Contact: las@r-barc.com

Sasaki Associates
Website: www.sasaki.com
Contact: info@sasaki.com
GREEN ARCHITECTURE

Author: Roger Chen

Print version (Hardcover) - 2011


ISBN 9787538165562
Published by Liaoning Science & Technology Publishing House
Shenyang, Liaoning, China

eBook version - 2011


ISBN 9781619870284
Published by Profession Design Press Co., Ltd
California, United States of America

Distributed by Actrace, United States of America


Website: www.actrace.com, www.ArchitecturalBookstore.com

Copyright2011 Liaoning Science & Technology Publishing House


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Unauthorized copying prohibited.

- 2011
9787538165562

- 2011
9781619870284

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