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Document No.

PD0192 REV 4
Automotive Service Solutions QMS
Threads
Table of Contents
General Thread Symbols and Definitions ............................................................................................................................... 2
THREAD CLASS AND TAP SIZE .......................................................................................................................................... 3
Standard System of Tap Marking ........................................................................................................................................... 4
Dryseal American Standard, Internal...................................................................................................................................... 5
Dryseal American Standard, External .................................................................................................................................... 6
British Standard Pipe, Internal ................................................................................................................................................ 7
British Standard Pipe, External............................................................................................................................................... 8
Inch Thread Size Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 9
Inch Thread - Tap Drill Size - Thread Pitch Diameter...........................................................................................................11
Inch Thread Form Tap Drill Selector Chart........................................................................................................................... 12
METRIC THREAD -- COARSE PITCH (1mm - 68mm) .......................................................................................................13
METRIC THREAD -- FINE PITCH (1 mm - 18 mm) ............................................................................................................14
METRIC THREAD -- FINE PITCH (20 mm 40 mm) .........................................................................................................16
Formula for cutting Tap/Drill Sizes (Metric) .......................................................................................................................... 17
Metric Form Tap - Drill Selector Chart .................................................................................................................................. 17
Blank Diameters For Straight Rolled Threads ......................................................................................................................18
Bar or Turn Sizes for Rolled 6g Metric External Thread .......................................................................................................19
Threaded Rod....................................................................................................................................................................... 20
General Purpose Acme Threads single start.....................................................................................................................21

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General Thread Symbols and Definitions


Taps, dies, and other threading tools will be marked with the nominal size, number of threads per inch, and the
proper symbol to identify the thread form. These symbols are in agreement with the Proposed A.S.A. B 1.8
Standard on Nomenclature, Definitions and Letter Symbols for Screw Threads
Symbols used for American National Threads:
NC Amer. Nat. Coarse-Thread Series
NF Amer. Nat. Fine Thread Series
NEF Amer. Nat. Extra Fine Thread Series
NS Special Threads of Amer. Nat. Form
NPT Amer. Standard Taper Pipe Thread **
NPTF Amer. Standard Taper Pipe Thread (Dryseal) ***
NPS Amer. Standard Straight Pipe Thread
PTF Amer. Standard Dryseal Pipe Thread -- SAE Short
NPSC Amer. Standard Straight Pipe Thread for couplings
NPSF Amer. Standard Internal Straight Pipe Thread (Dryseal)
NPSL Amer. Stand. Straight Pipe Thread for Locknut pipe threads.
NPSM Amer. Stand. Straight Pipe Thread for Mechanical Joints
ACME Acme Threads -- (Centralizing C and General purpose G)
STUB Acme Stub Acme Threads
Symbols used for American Standard Unified Threads:
UNC Unified Coarse thread series
UNF Unified Fine thread series
UNEF Unified Extra Fine thread series
UN Unified constant pitch series
UNS Unified Special thread series
UNJ Unified Inch Screw thread (Root radius thread form used in Aerospace industry)
British Threads symbols:
BSPT British Standard Pipe Taper
BSPP British Standard for Parallel Pipe
Thread Classifications Inch
1A, 2A, and 3A apply to external threads. 1B, 2B, and 3B apply to internal threads.
The higher number being the closest fit. Unless otherwise specified, class 2 will apply.
Thread Classifications Metric
8g, 6g, and 4h apply to external threads. 7H, 6H, and 5H apply to internal threads.
The lower number being the closest fit. Unless otherwise specified, class 6 will apply.
Thread Designation The standard method is to specify the nominal size, the pitch (in threads per inch or
mm), followed by the thread class.
Example: .250 - 20 UNC - 2A or M10 X 1.5 - 6g
Unless otherwise specified, all threads are Right-Hand. A Left-Hand thread is designated as LH.
Example: .375 - 24 UNF - 2B - LH

** It is acceptable to use NPTF threads where NPT threads are specified.


*** NPTF (Standard Taper Pipe Thread Dryseal) is recommended for all new designs (since 1972).

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THREAD CLASS AND TAP SIZE


There is a direct relationship between the size of a tap and the size of the thread that it cuts. Size refers to
pitch diameter and its relationship to the class of fit required. If two threaded parts are assembled, the
looseness or tightness of the fit is determined by contact on the flanks of the threads only. This contact is
controlled by the pitch diameters of each part.

CLASSES OF THREAD: (i.e. 2B, 3B, etc. B signifies internal thread, A external)
When threaded parts are mated, the two parts must assemble with a degree of tightness dictated by the use of
the fastener. In addition, the internal thread must be large enough to allow the external thread to enter it for the
required length of engagement. A system of thread classes, each representing a comparative degree of
tightness, has been established and universally adopted, to provide manufacturers and users of threaded
products with a common language of specification. The thread classes designate minimum and maximum pitch
diameters for internal and external threads. It is important to remember that classes of thread actually
represents manufacturing tolerances. The closer the tolerance required, the higher the cost involved in
producing the parts. Therefore, designers and engineers should always try to select the class of thread with the
widest permissible tolerance.

TAP SIZE:
Due to material variability and machining conditions, taps rarely cut their own size. The thread size produced is
usually larger, but can be smaller due to shrinkage. Tap manufacturers realized that to tap a specified class of
thread, several different ground thread tap limits would be required. These limits represent small, defined
variations in tap size. A numbering system (see next page for tap marking) was developed to designate each
series of limits, but these limit numbers are not to be confused with the classes of threads.

On the chart below, an example of the relationship of Class of Fit to various tap limit sizes is shown. Using a
1/4"-20 UNC thread size, it is obvious that an H5 limit (+.0025" over basic pitch diameter) can be used to cut
the tightest class of thread in most machining situations, as can the H1 limit (+.0005" over basic P.D.).
However, tool wear would force the discarding of the H1 tap long before the H5 would be worn to an undersize
condition. The rule is obvious: always select the largest "H" limit possible to achieve proper class of fit, and
maximum tool life.

Comparison of Class of Fit to Pitch Diameter Limits

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Standard System of Tap Marking


Taps, dies and other types of threading tools are marked according to the Standard System of Marking Ground
Thread Taps. Tools are marked with the nominal size, number of threads per inch (pitch), and the appropriate
thread form symbol and pitch diameter symbol.

Pitch Diameter Limit Symbols

All standard ground thread taps are marked with the letter "G" to designate Ground Thread. The letter H to
designate above basic; or the letter L to designate below basic will follow the letter G. The number following
H or L signifies the number of .0005" steps above or below the basic pitch diameter.

For instance, the tap pictured above is a 3/8" dia. tap with 20 threads per inch (pitch), and has an NS thread
form. The tap is made from High Speed Steel, and the GH-3 pitch diameter limit symbol indicates a Ground
Thread tap with pitch diameter limits .0010 to .0015 over basic. ( 3 X .0005 = .0015. Subtract .0005 for the
tolerance.)

Pitch Diameter Limits for taps to 1" diameter inclusive are ground to a .0005" tolerance.

L1 = Basic to Basic minus .0005


H1 = Basic to Basic plus .0005
H2 = Basic plus .0005 to Basic plus .0010
H3 = Basic plus .0010 to Basic plus .0015
H4 = Basic plus .0015 to Basic plus .0020
H5 = Basic plus .0020 to Basic plus .0025
H6 = Basic plus .0025 to Basic plus .0030

Pitch Diameter Limits for taps between 1.000 and 1.500 diameter are ground to a .001" tolerance.

H4 = Basic plus .001" to Basic plus .002"


H6 = Basic plus .002 to Basic plus .003

For H numbers not listed, simply multiply the number times .0005 and subtract 1step for that size range.
Example, H12 for a 1-1/4 tap would be 12 X .0005 for the high limit, minus .001 for the low limit for a tolerance
of .006/.005 above basic pitch diameter.

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Dryseal American Standard, Internal
Pipe Threads - Internal N.P.T.F.
TAP DRILL SIZES FOR PIPE TAPS WITHOUT REAMING PRIOR TO TAPPING
Tap Drill Size Std.* Std.**
Nom. Size (Class A) Min. Min.
Inches Drill Drill Countersink
(N.P.T.F) Depth Depth Dia. X 90 INCL
(Thru Hole) (Blind Hole)
Drill Decimal
.062 -27 D .246 9/16 21/32 .330 +.020/-.000
.125 -27 8.5mm .3346 9/16 3/4 .420 +.020/-.000
.250 -18 7/16 .4375 13/16 1 .550 +.020/-.000
.375 -18 14.5mm .5709 13/16 1 .690 +.020/-.000
.500 -14 45/64 .7031 1-1/16 1-3/16 .850 +.020/-.000
.750 -14 59/64 .9219 1-1/16 1-1/4 1.060 +.030/-.000
1.000 - 11-1/2 1-5/32 1.156 1-1/4 1-3/8 1.340 +.030/-.000
1.250 - 11-1/2 1-1/2 1.500 1 5/16 1-1/2 1.680 +.030/-.000
1.500 - 11-1/2 1- 47/64 1.734 1 5/16 1-1/2 1.920 +.030/-.000
2.000 - 11-1/2 2 -7/32 2.219 1 5/16 1-1/2 2.390 +.040/-.000
2.500 - 8 2 - 41/64 2.641 1 27/32 1-61/64 2.890 +.040/-.000
3.000 - 8 3 -17/64 3.266 1 29/32 2 -1/32 3.520 +.040/-.000

Pipe Threads - Internal P.T.F. - SAE Short


Tap Drill Sizes For Pipe Taps Without Reaming Prior To Tapping
Nom. Size
In Inches Tap Drill Size Std. Min.* Std. Min.**
Class A Drill Drill Countersink
P.T.F., SAE Depth Depth Dia. x 90 Incl.
Short Drill Decimal (Through (Blind Hole)
Hole)

.125 -27 8.5.mm (.3346) .437 .625 .420 +.020/-.000


.250 -18 7/16 (.4375) .656 .843 .550 +.020/-.000
.375 -18 14.5mm (.5709) .656 .843 .690 +.020/-.000
NOTE: Drawings will show thread size in decimal form effective 1/1/99.
EXAMPLE: .250-18 NPTF.

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Dryseal American Standard, External


Pipe Threads - External N.P.T.F.
D1 D2

Size +.003 A B H TL R. L2 L1 Imp


(NPTF) --.000 O.D. Min. Max. Thread
O.D. Of Of + .003
Fitting Pipe --.000

.062 - 27 .315 .3125 .301 .230 +.000/-.020 .125 .375 .030 .261 .160 .129
.125 - 27 .407 .405 .393 .320 +.000/-.020 .187 .375 .030 .264 .161 .129
.250 - 18 .546 .540 .523 .420 +.000/-.020 .281 .562 .060 .402 .228 .193
.375 - 18 .681 .675 .658 .550 +.000/-.020 .406 .562 .060 .408 .240 .193
.500 - 14 .850 .840 .820 .680 +.000/-.020 .562 .750 .080 .534 .320 .248
.750 - 14 1.060 1.050 1.029 .890 +.000/-.020 .718 .750 .080 .546 .339 .248
1.000 - 11-1/2 1.327 1.315 1.289 1.120 +.000/-.030 .938 .937 .090 .683 .400 .302
1.250 - 11-1/2 1.627 1.660 1.633 1.460 +.000/-.030 1.250 .968 .090 .707 .420 .302
1.500 - 11-1/2 1.912 1.900 1.872 1.700 +.000/-.030 1.468 1.00 .090 .724 .420 .302
2.000 - 11-1/2 2.387 2.375 2.345 2.170 +.000/-.030 1.940 1.03 .090 .756 .436 .302
2.500 - 8 2.893 2.875 2.829 2.590 +.000/-.030 2.310 1.520 .120 1.138 .682 .434
3.000 - 8 3.518 3.500 3.450 3.210 +.000/-.030 2.910 1.580 .120 1.200 .766 .434

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British Standard Pipe, Internal

Pipe Threads - Internal - B.S.P.T (tapered) and B.S.P.P (straight)


RECOMMENDED TAP DRILL SIZES

Std.* Std.**
B.S.P.T B.S.P.P. Min. Min. Countersink
Tap Drill Size Tap Drill Size Drill Drill Dia. X 90 INCL
(Class A) (Class A) Depth Depth
(Thru (Blind
Size Drill Decimal Drill Decimal Hole) Hole)
.062 -28 6.4 mm .2519 N/A N/A 9/16 21/32 .330 +.020/-.000
.125 -28 8.4 mm .3307 8.7 mm .340 9/16 3/4 .420 +.020/-.000
.250 -19 11.2 mm .4409 11.6 mm .460 13/16 1 .550 +.020/-.000
.375 -19 14.75 mm .5807 15 mm .590 13/16 1 .690 +.020/-.000
.500 -14 18.25 mm .7185 19 mm .750 1-1/16 1-3/16 .850 +.020/-.000
.750 -14 23.75 mm .9350 24.5 mm .960 1-1/16 1-1/4 1.070 +.030/-.000
1.000 - 11 30 mm 1.1811 30.5 mm 1.200 1-1/4 1-3/8 1.340 +.030/-.000
1.250 - 11 38.5 mm 1.5157 39.5 mm 1.560 1 5/16 1-1/2 1.680 +.030/-.000
1.500 - 11 44.5 mm 1.7519 45 mm 1.770 1 5/16 1-1/2 1.920 +.030/-.000
2.000 - 11 56 mm 2.2047 57 mm 2.240 1 5/16 1-1/2 2.380 +.040/-.000
2.500 - 11 71 mm 2.7952 72.5 mm 2.850 1 27/32 1-61/64 2.990 +.040/-.000
3.000 - 11 85.5 mm 3.3661 85.5 mm 3.370 1 29/32 2 -1/32 3.490 +.040/-.000

NOTE: Drawings will show thread size in decimal form effective 1/1/99.
EXAMPLE: .250-19 BSPT.

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British Standard Pipe, External

Pipe Threads External B.S.P.T. and B.S.P.P.

Size D1 +.005
Pitch Dia. TL R.
(NPTF) --.000 A B
for BSPP Min. Max.
Major O.D.
.062 - 28 .305 .290 .230 +.000/-.020 N/A .375 .030
.125 - 28 .383 .364 .320 +.000/-.020 .3601 .375 .030
.250 - 19 .518 .492 .420 +.000/-.020 .4843 .562 .060
.375 - 19 .656 .623 .550 +.000/-.020 .6222 .562 .060
.500 - 14 .825 .784 .680 +.000/-.020 .7792 .750 .080
.750 - 14 1.041 .989 .890 +.000/-.020 .9952 .750 .080
1.000 - 11 1.309 1.244 1.120 +.000/-.030 1.2508 .937 .090
1.250 - 11 1.650 1.568 1.460 +.000/-.030 1.5918 .968 .090
1.500 - 11 1.882 1.788 1.700 +.000/-.030 1.8238 1.000 .090
2.000 - 11 2.347 2.230 2.170 +.000/-.030 2.2888 1.030 .090
2.500 - 11 2.960 2.812 2.590 +.000/-.030 2.9018 1.520 .120
3.000 - 11 3.460 3.287 3.210 +.000/-.030 3.4018 1.580 .120

Note: Dim A is approx. 95% of D1

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Inch Thread Size Limits
Limits of Size for Standard Series - Unified Screw Threads
External Internal
Normal Major Dia. Pitch Dia. Minor Dia. Pitch Dia.
Size Series
Major
and
Dia.
Threads Desig- Minor Min. Max. Min. Max. Min.
Per nation Class Max. Min. Max. Min. Dia. Class
Inch.
10-24 UNC 2A .1890 .1818 .1619 .1586 .1379 2B .145 .156 .1629 .1672 .1900
3A .1900 .1828 .1629 .1604 .1389 3B .1450 .1555 .1629 .1661 .1900
.250 -20 UNC 2A .2489 .2408 .2164 .2127 .1876 2B .196 .207 .2175 .2223 .2500
3A .2500 .2419 .2175 .2147 .1887 3B .1960 .2067 .2175 .2211 .2500
.250 -28 UNF 2A .2490 .2425 .2258 .2225 .2052 2B .211 .220 .2268 .2311 .2500
3A .2500 .2435 .2268 .2243 .2062 3B .2110 .2190 .2268 .2300 .2500
.313-18 UNC 2A .3113 .3026 .2752 .3712 .2431 2B .252 .265 .2764 .2817 .3125
3A .3125 .3038 .2764 .2734 .2443 3B .250 .2630 .2764 .2803 .3125
.313 -24 UNF 2A .3114 .3042 .2843 .2806 .2603 2B .267 .277 .2854 .2902 .3125
3A .3125 .3053 .2854 .2827 .2614 3B .2670 .2754 .2854 .2890 .3125
.375 -16 UNC 2A .3737 .3643 .3331 .3287 .2970 2B .307 .321 .3344 .3401 .3750
3A .3750 .3656 .3344 .3311 .2983 3B .370 .3182 .3344 .3387 .3750
.375 -24 UNF 2A .3739 .3667 .3468 .3430 .3228 2B .330 .340 .3479 .3528 .3750
3A .3750 .3678 .3479 .3450 .3239 3B .3300 .3372 .3479 .3516 .3750
.438 -14 UNC 2A .4361 .4258 .3897 .3850 .3485 2B .360 .376 .3911 .3972 .4375
3A .4375 .4272 .3911 .3876 .3499 3B .3600 .3717 .3911 .3957 .4375
.438 -20 UNF 2A .4362 .4281 .4037 .3995 .3749 2B .383 .395 .4050 .4104 .4375
3A .4375 .4294 .4050 .4019 .3762 3B .3830 .3916 .4050 .4091 .4375
.500 -13 UNC 2A .4985 .4876 .4485 .4435 .4041 2B .417 .434 .4500 .4565 .5000
3A .5000 .4891 .4500 .4463 .4056 3B .4170 .4284 .4500 .4548 .5000
.500 -20 UNF 2A .4987 .4906 .4662 .4619 .4374 2B .446 .457 .4675 .4731 .5000
3A .5000 .4919 .4675 .4643 .4387 3B .4460 .4537 .4675 .4717 .5000
.563 -12 UNC 2A .5609 .5495 .5068 .5016 .4587 2B .472 .490 .5084 .5152 .5625
3A .5625 .5511 .5084 .5045 .4603 3B .4720 .4843 .5084 .5132 .5625
.563 -18 UNF 2A .5611 .5524 .5250 .5205 .4929 2B .502 .515 .5264 .5323 .5625
3A .5625 .5538 .5264 .5230 .4943 3B .5020 .5106 .5264 .5308 .5625
.563 -20 UN 2A .5612 .5531 .5287 .5245 .4999 2B .508 .520 .5300 .5355 .5625
3A .5625 .5544 .5300 .5268 .5012 3B .5080 .5162 .5300 .5341 .5625

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Inch Thread Size Limits (continued)


Limits of Size for Standard Series - Unified Screw Threads
External Internal
Normal Major Dia. Pitch Dia. Minor Dia. Pitch Dia. Major
Size and Series Dia.
Threads Desig- Minor
Per Inch. nation Class Max. Min. Max. Min. Dia. Class Min. Max. Min. Max. Min.
.625 -11 UNC 2A .6234 .6113 .5644 .5589 .5119 2B .527 .546 .5660 .5732 .6250
3A .6250 .6129 .5660 .5619 .5135 3B .5270 .5391 .5660 .5714 .6250
.625 -18 UNF 2A .6236 .6149 .5875 .5828 .5554 2B .565 .578 .5889 .5949 .6250
3A .6250 .6163 .5889 .5854 .5568 3B .5650 .5730 .5889 .5934 .6250
.688 -18 UNS 2A .6861 .6774 .6500 .6455 .6179 2B .627 .641 .6514 .6574 .6875
3A .6875 .6788 .6514 .6479 .6193 3B .6270 .6355 .6514 .6559 .6875
.750 -10 UNC 2A .7482 .7353 .6832 .6773 .6255 2B .642 .663 .6850 .6927 .7500
3A .7500 .7371 .6850 .6806 .6273 3B .6420 .6545 .6850 .6907 .7500
.750 -16 UNF 2A .7485 .7391 .7079 .7029 .6718 2B .682 .696 .7094 .7159 .7500
3A .7500 .7106 .7094 .7056 .6733 3B .6820 .6908 .7094 .7143 .7500
.813 -16 UN 2A .8110 .8016 .7704 .7655 .7348 2B .745 .759 .7719 .7782 .8125
3A .8125 .8031 .7719 .7683 .7358 3B .7450 .7533 .7719 .7766 .8125
.875 - 9 UNC 2A .8731 .8592 .8009 .7946 .7368 2B .755 .778 .8028 .8110 .8750
3A .8750 .8611 .8028 .7981 .7387 3B .7550 .7681 .8028 .8089 .8750
.875 -14 UNF 2A .8734 .8631 .8270 .8216 .7858 2B .798 .814 .8286 .8356 .8750
3A .8750 .8647 .8286 .8245 .7874 3B .7980 .8068 .8286 .8339 .8750
1.000 -8 UNC 2A .9980 .9800 .9168 .9100 .8446 2B .865 .890 .9188 .9276 1.000
3A 1.000 .9850 .9188 .9137 .8466 3B .8650 .8797 .9188 .9254 1.000
1.000 -12 UNF 2A .9982 .9868 .9441 .9382 .8960 2B .910 .928 .9459 .9535 1.000
3A 1.000 .9886 .9459 .9415 .8978 3B .9100 .9198 .9459 .9516 1.000
1.000 -14 UNS 2A .9983 .9880 .9519 .9463 .9107 2B .923 .938 .9536 .9609 1.000
3A 1.000 .9897 .9536 .9494 .9124 3B .9230 .9315 .9536 .9590 1.000
1.250 -7 UNC 2A 1.2478 1.2314 1.1550 1.1476 1.0725 2B 1.095 1.123 1.1572 1.1668 1.250
3A 1.2500 1.2336 1.1572 1.1517 1.0747 3B 1.095 1.1125 1.1572 1.1644 1.250
1.250 12 UNF 2A 1.2482 1.2368 1.1941 1.1879 1.1460 2B 1.160 1.178 1.1959 1.2039 1.250
3A 1.2500 1.2386 1.1959 1.1913 1.1478 3B 1.1600 1.1698 1.1959 1.2019 1.250
1.500 -12 UNF 2A 1.4981 1.4867 1.4440 1.4376 1.3959 2B 1.410 1.428 1.4459 1.4542 1.500
3A 1.5000 1.4886 1.4459 1.4411 1.3978 3B 1.4100 1.4198 1.4459 1.4522 1.500

Revised Minor Diameter Limits of Class 2B are American Standard and have been submitted for consideration as Unified Standards.

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Inch Thread - Tap Drill Size - Thread Pitch Diameter
Thread Int. Thread Ext. Thread Ext. Thread Int. Thread
Size Drill Size Maj. Dia. Pitch Dia. Pitch Dia.
4 - 40 UNC 43 - .089 .1112 - .1061 .0925 - .0950 .0958 - .0991
5 - 40 UNC 38 - .1015 .1191 - .1242 .1054 - .1080 .1088 - .1121
6 - 32 UNC 7/64 - .1094 .1312 - .1372 .1141 - .1169 .1177 - .1214
8 - 32 UNC 29 - .136 .1571 - .1631 .1399 - .1428 .1437 - .1475
10-24 UNC-2 No. 24 -.152 .189 -.182 .1619 - .1586 .1629 - .1672
10 - 32 UNF 20 - .161 .1831 - .1891 .1658 - .1688 .1697 - .1736
.250 - 20 UNC - 2 No. 5 - .206 .248 - .241 .2164 - .2127 .2175 - .2223
.250 - 28 UNF - 2 7/32 - .219 .249 - .234 .2258 - .2225 .2268 - .2311
.313 - 18 UNC - 2 Let. G - .261 .311 - .303 .2752 - .2712 .2764 - .2817
.313 - 24 UNF - 2 Let. J - .277 .311 - .305 .2843 - .2806 .2854 - .2902
.375 - 16 UNC - 2 Let. O - .316 .373 - .365 .3331 - .3287 .3344 - .3401
.375 - 24 UNF -2 Let. R - .339 .373 - .367 .3468 - .3430 .3479 - .3528
.438 - 14 UNC -2 3/8 - .375 .436 - .426 .3897 - .3850 .3911 - .3972
.438 - 20 UNF -2 25/64 - .391 .436 - .429 .4037 - .3995 .4050 - .4104
.500 - 13 UNC -2 7/16 - .438 .498 - .488 .4485 - .4435 .4500 - .4565
.500 - 18 UNS 7/16 - .441 .498 - .490 .4626 - .4582 .4639 - .4697
.500 - 20 UNF -2 29/64 - .453 .498 - .491 .4662 - .4619 .4675 - .4731
.563 - 12 UNC - 2 31/64 - .484 .560 - .550 .5068 - .5016 .5084 - .5152
.563 - 18 UNF -2 1/2 - .500 .561 - .553 .5250 - .52056 .5264 - .5323
.563 - 20 UN - 2 33/64 - 5.16 .561 - .554 .5287 - .5245 .5300 - .5355
.625 - 11 UNC - 2 35/64 - .547 .623 - .612 .5644 - .5589 .5660 - .5732
.625 - 18 UNF - 2 37/64 - .578 .623 - .615 .5875 - .5828 .5889 - .5949
.688 - 16 UNF - 2 5/8- .625 .686 - .677 .6455 - .6407 .6469 - .6531
.688 - 18 UN - 2 41/64 - .641 .686 - .678 .6500 - .6453 .6514 - .6574
.750 - 10 UNC - 2 21/32 - .656 .748 - .736 .6832 - .6773 .6850 - .6927
.750 - 16 UNF - 2 11/16 - .688 .748 - .740 .7079 - .7029 .7094 - .7159
.813 - 16 UN - 2 3/4 - .750 .811 - .802 .7704 - .7655 .7719 - .7782
.875 - 9 UNC - 2 25/32 - .781 .873 - .860 .8009 - .7946 .8028 - .8110
.875 - 14 UNF - 2 13/16 - .812 .873 - .864 .8270 - .8216 .8286 - .8356
1.000 - 8 UNC - 2 7/8 - .875 .998 - .983 .9168 - .9100 .9188 - .9276
1.000 - 12 UNF - 2 59/64 - .922 .998 - .987 .9441 - .9382 .9459 - .9535
1.000 - 14 UNS - 2 15/16 - .938 .998 - .988 .9519 - .9463 .9536 - .9609
1.250 - 7 UNC - 2 1 7/64 - 1.109 1.248 - 1.232 1.1550 - 1.1476 1.1572 - 1.1668
1.250 - 12 UNF - 2 1 11/64 - 1.172 1.248 - 1.237 1.1941 - 1.1879 1.1959 - 1.2039
1.500 - 12 UNF - 2 1 27/64 - 1.422 1.498 - 1.487 1.4440 - 1.4376 1.4459 - 1.4542
1.625 - 12 UNS - 2 1 17/32 - 1.531 1.622 - 1.605 1.5044 - 1.4959 1.5069 - 1.5176

Formula for Tap/Drill Sizes (Inch)


Drilled Hole Size (in.) = Basic Major Dia. of Thread (in.) - (.013 X % of Thread) divided by the threads per Inch.
Example: .250-20 tap and you want 75% threads. Tap drill size would be .250 minus (.013 X 75) divided by 20.
.013 X 75 = 975, divided by 20 = .04875. Subtract that from .250 = .201, therefore a .201 diameter tap drill will give
you 75% threads.
NOTE: 60 80% of full thread is recommended.
Unless otherwise noted, specified drill size and tolerance, determines internal thread minor diameter. This
takes precedence over standard minor diameter size and tolerance for the specified thread class.
Print Date: May 31, 2013 Automotive Service Solutions Confidential Page 11 of 21
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Inch Thread Form Tap Drill Selector Chart


Normal Threads Minimum Maximum Maximum Recommended
Thread Per Inch Hole Hole Minor Drill Diameter
Size Diameter
NC NF Diameter Diameter After Fraction, No.,
UNC UNF Tapping or Letter MM
0 - 80 .053 .055 .050 1.35
1 64 - .064 .066 .061 52
1 - 72 .065 .067 .062 1.65
2 56 - .76 .079 .072 48
2 - 64 .077 .080 .074 1.95
3 48 - .087 .091 .083 2.20
3 - 56 .089 .092 .085 43
4 40 - .098 .102 .093 40
4 - 48 .100 .104 .096 38
5 40 - .111 .115 .106 34
5 - 44 .112 .116 .107 33
6 32 - .120 .125 .114 31
6 - 40 .123 .127 .119 1/8
8 32 - .146 .151 .140 26
8 - 36 .148 .152 .142 25
10 24 - .166 .173 .157 19
10 - 32 .172 .177 .165 17
12 24 - .192 .199 .183 4.90
12 - 28 .195 .201 .188 9
.250 20 - .221 .229 .211 5.75
.250 - 28 .229 .235 .224 5.90
.313 18 - .280 .289 .269 9/32
.313 - 24 .288 .295 .283 L
.375 16 - .339 .349 .326 R
.375 - 24 .351 .358 .345 9.00
.438 14 - .396 .408 .381 X
.438 - 20 .409 .417 .398 Z
.500 13 - .456 .469 .444 11.60
.500 - 20 .471 .479 .461 12.00
.563 12 - .514 .528 .497 33/64
.563 - 18 .530 .539 .524 13.50
.625 11 - .573 .587 .555 37/64
.625 - 18 .584 .593 .602 .586 15.00
.750 10 - .692 .709 .672 45/64
.750 - 16 .714 .724 .701 23/32

Notes: 1. May vary due to material density.


2. The maximum minor diameter after tapping must be satisfied.
If the drawing specifies the Drill Size For Specials form taps cannot be substituted without consulting Design
Engineering for a print change.

Print Date: May 31, 2013 Automotive Service Solutions Confidential Page 12 of 21
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METRIC THREAD -- COARSE PITCH (1mm - 68mm)


Nominal Pitch Major Pitch Pitch Minor Dia Minor Dia Minor Dia Minor Dia Tap Tap
Size Diameter Diameter Diameter Male Thd Male Thd Fem Thd Fem Thd Drill Drill
mm mm Inch mm Inch mm Inch mm Inch mm Inch
1 0.25 0.039 0.838 0.0330 0.693 0.0273 0.729 0.0287 0.75 0.030
1.1 0.25 0.043 0.938 0.0369 0.793 0.0312 0.829 0.0326 0.85 0.033
1.2 0.25 0.047 1.038 0.0409 0.893 0.0352 0.929 0.0366 0.95 0.037
1.4 0.3 0.055 1.205 0.0474 1.032 0.0406 1.075 0.0423 1.1 0.043
1.6 0.35 0.063 1.373 0.0541 1.171 0.0461 1.221 0.0481 1.25 0.049
1.8 0.35 0.071 1.573 0.0619 1.371 0.0540 1.421 0.0559 1.45 0.057
2 0.4 0.079 1.74 0.0685 1.509 0.0594 1.567 0.0617 1.6 0.063
2.2 0.45 0.087 1.908 0.0751 1.648 0.0649 1.713 0.0674 1.75 0.069
2.5 0.45 0.098 2.208 0.0869 1.948 0.0767 2.013 0.0793 2.05 0.081
3 0.5 0.118 2.675 0.1053 2.387 0.0940 2.459 0.0968 2.5 0.098
3.5 0.6 0.138 3.11 0.1224 2.764 0.1088 2.85 0.1122 2.9 0.114
4 0.7 0.157 3.545 0.1396 3.141 0.1237 3.242 0.1276 3.3 0.130
4.5 0.75 0.177 4.013 0.1580 3.58 0.1409 3.688 0.1452 3.8 0.150
5 0.8 0.197 4.48 0.1764 4.019 0.1582 4.134 0.1628 4.2 0.165
6 1 0.236 5.35 0.2106 4.773 0.1879 4.917 0.1936 5 0.197
7 1 0.276 6.35 0.2500 5.773 0.2273 5.917 0.2330 6 0.236
8 1.25 0.315 7.188 0.2830 6.466 0.2546 6.647 0.2617 6.8 0.268
9 1.25 0.354 8.188 0.3224 7.466 0.2939 7.647 0.3011 7.8 0.307
10 1.5 0.394 9.026 0.3554 8.16 0.3213 8.376 0.3298 8.5 0.335
11 1.5 0.433 10.026 0.3947 9.16 0.3606 9.376 0.3691 9.5 0.374
12 1.75 0.472 10.863 0.4277 9.853 0.3879 10.106 0.3979 10.2 0.402
14 2 0.551 12.701 0.5000 11.546 0.4546 11.835 0.4659 12 0.472
16 2 0.630 14.701 0.5788 13.546 0.5333 13.835 0.5447 14 0.551
18 2.5 0.709 16.376 0.6447 14.933 0.5879 15.394 0.6061 15.5 0.610
20 2.5 0.787 18.376 0.7235 16.933 0.6667 17.294 0.6809 17.5 0.689
22 2.5 0.866 20.376 0.8022 18.933 0.7454 19.294 0.7596 19.5 0.768
24 3 0.945 22.051 0.8681 20.319 0.8000 20.752 0.8170 21 0.827
27 3 1.063 25.051 0.9863 23.319 0.9181 23.752 0.9351 24 0.945
30 3.5 1.181 27.727 1.0916 25.706 1.0120 26.211 1.0319 26.5 1.043
33 3.5 1.299 30.727 1.2097 28.706 1.1302 29.211 1.1500 29.5 1.161
36 4 1.417 33.402 1.3150 31.093 1.2241 31.67 1.2469 32 1.260
39 4 1.535 36.402 1.4331 34.093 1.3422 34.67 1.3650 35 1.378
42 4.5 1.654 39.077 1.5385 36.479 1.4362 37.129 1.4618 37.5 1.476
45 4.5 1.772 42.077 1.6566 39.479 1.5543 40.129 1.5799 40.5 1.594
48 5 1.890 44.752 1.7619 41.866 1.6483 42.857 1.6873 43 1.693
52 5 2.047 48.752 1.9194 45.866 1.8057 46.587 1.8341 47 1.850
56 5.5 2.205 52.428 2.0641 49.252 1.9391 50.046 1.9703 50.5 1.988
60 5.5 2.362 56.428 2.2216 53.252 2.0965 54.046 2.1278 54.5 2.146
64 6 2.520 60.103 2.3663 56.639 2.2299 57.505 2.2640 58 2.283
68 6 2.677 64.103 2.5237 60.639 2.3874 61.505 2.4215 62 2.441

Print Date: May 31, 2013 Automotive Service Solutions Confidential Page 13 of 21
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METRIC THREAD -- FINE PITCH (1 mm - 18 mm)


Nominal Major Pitch Pitch Minor Dia Minor Dia Minor Dia Minor Dia Tap Tap

Size Diameter Diameter Diameter Male Thd Male Thd Fem Thd Fem Thd Drill Drill
mm Inch mm Inch mm Inch mm Inch MM Inch
1.0 x 0.2 0.039 0.87 0.0343 0.755 0.0297 0.783 0.0308 0.8 0.031
1.1 x 0.2 0.043 0.97 0.0382 0.855 0.0337 0.883 0.0348 0.9 0.035
1.2 x 0.2 0.047 1.07 0.0421 0.955 0.0376 0.983 0.0387 1 0.039
1.4 x 0.2 0.055 1.27 0.0500 1.155 0.0455 1.183 0.0466 1.2 0.047
1.6 x 0.2 0.063 1.47 0.0579 1.355 0.0533 1.383 0.0544 1.4 0.055
1.8 x 0.2 0.071 1.67 0.0657 1.555 0.0612 1.583 0.0623 1.6 0.063
2 x 0.25 0.079 1.838 0.0724 1.693 0.0667 1.729 0.0681 1.75 0.069
2.2 x 0.25 0.087 2.038 0.0802 1.893 0.0745 1.929 0.0759 1.95 0.077
2.5 x 0.35 0.098 2.273 0.0895 2.071 0.0815 2.121 0.0835 2.1 0.083
3 x 0.35 0.118 2.773 0.1092 2.571 0.1012 2.621 0.1032 2.6 0.102
3.5 x 0.35 0.138 3.273 0.1289 3.071 0.1209 3.121 0.1229 3.1 0.122
4 x 0.50 0.157 3.675 0.1447 3.387 0.1333 3.459 0.1362 3.5 0.138
4.5 x 0.5 0.177 4.175 0.1644 3.887 0.1530 3.959 0.1559 4 0.157
5 x 0.50 0.197 4.675 0.1841 4.387 0.1727 4.459 0.1756 4.5 0.177
5.5 x 0.50 0.217 5.175 0.2037 4.887 0.1924 4.959 0.1952 5 0.197
6 x 0.75 0.236 5.513 0.2170 5.08 0.2000 5.188 0.2043 5.2 0.205
7 x 0.75 0.276 6.513 0.2564 6.08 0.2394 6.188 0.2436 6.2 0.244
8 x 0.75 0.315 7.513 0.2958 7.08 0.2787 7.188 0.2830 7.2 0.283
8 x 1.00 0.315 7.35 0.2894 6.773 0.2667 6.917 0.2723 7 0.276
9 x 0.75 0.354 8.513 0.3352 8.08 0.3181 8.188 0.3224 8.2 0.323
9 x 1.00 0.354 8.35 0.3287 7.773 0.3060 7.917 0.3117 8 0.315
10 x 0.75 0.394 9.513 0.3745 9.08 0.3575 9.188 0.3617 9.2 0.362
10 x 1.0 0.394 9.35 0.3681 8.773 0.3454 8.917 0.3511 9 0.354
10 x 1.25 0.394 9.188 0.3617 8.466 0.3333 8.647 0.3404 8.8 0.346
11 x 0.75 0.433 10.513 0.4139 10.08 0.3969 10.188 0.4011 10.2 0.402
11 x 1.0 0.433 10.35 0.4075 9.773 0.3848 9.917 0.3904 10 0.394
12 x 1.0 0.472 11.35 0.4469 10.773 0.4241 10.917 0.4298 11 0.433
12 x 1.25 0.472 11.188 0.4405 10.466 0.4120 10.647 0.4192 10.8 0.425
12 x 1.5 0.472 11.026 0.4341 10.16 0.4000 10.376 0.4085 10.5 0.413
14 x 1.0 0.551 13.35 0.5256 12.773 0.5029 12.917 0.5085 13 0.512
14 x 1.25 0.551 13.188 0.5192 12.466 0.4908 12.647 0.4979 12.8 0.504
14 x 1.5 0.551 13.026 0.5128 12.16 0.4787 12.376 0.4872 12.5 0.492
15 x 1.0 0.591 14.35 0.5650 13.773 0.5422 13.917 0.5479 14 0.551
15 x 1.5 0.591 14.026 0.5522 13.16 0.5181 13.376 0.5266 13.5 0.531
16 x 1.0 0.630 15.35 0.6043 14.773 0.5816 14.917 0.5873 15 0.591
16 x 1.5 0.630 15.026 0.5916 14.16 0.5575 14.376 0.5660 14.5 0.571
17 x 1.0 0.669 16.35 0.6437 15.773 0.6210 15.917 0.6267 16 0.630
17 x 1.5 0.669 16.026 0.6309 15.16 0.5969 15.376 0.6054 15.5 0.610
18 x 1.0 0.709 17.35 0.6831 16.773 0.6604 16.917 0.6660 17 0.669
18 x 1.5 0.709 17.026 0.6703 16.16 0.6362 16.376 0.6447 16.5 0.650

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18 x 2.0 0.709 16.701 0.6575 15.546 0.6120 15.835 0.6234 16 0.630

Print Date: May 31, 2013 Automotive Service Solutions Confidential Page 15 of 21
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METRIC THREAD -- FINE PITCH (20 mm 40 mm)


Nominal Major Pitch Pitch Minor Dia Minor Dia Minor Dia Minor Dia Tap Tap
Size Diameter Diameter Diameter Male Thd Male Thd Fem Thd Fem Thd Drill Drill
mm Inch mm Inch mm Inch mm Inch MM Inch
20 x 1.0 0.787 19.35 0.7618 18.773 0.7391 18.917 0.7448 19 0.748
20 x 1.5 0.787 19.026 0.7491 18.16 0.7150 18.376 0.7235 18.5 0.728
20 x 2.0 0.787 18.701 0.7363 17.546 0.6908 17.835 0.7022 18 0.709
22 x 1.0 0.866 21.35 0.8406 20.773 0.8178 20.917 0.8235 21 0.83
22 x 1.5 0.866 21.026 0.8278 20.16 0.7937 20.376 0.8022 20.5 0.81
22 x 2.0 0.866 20.701 0.8150 19.546 0.7695 19.835 0.7809 20 0.79
24 x 1.0 0.945 23.35 0.9193 22.773 0.8966 22.917 0.9022 23 0.91
24 x 1.5 0.945 23.026 0.9065 22.16 0.8724 22.376 0.8809 22.5 0.89
24 x 2.0 0.945 22.701 0.8937 21.546 0.8483 21.835 0.8596 22 0.87
25 x 1.0 0.984 24.35 0.9587 23.773 0.9359 23.917 0.9416 24 0.94
25 x 1.5 0.984 24.026 0.9459 23.16 0.9118 23.376 0.9203 23.5 0.93
25 x 2.0 0.984 23.701 0.9331 22.546 0.8876 22.835 0.8990 23 0.91
27 x 1.0 1.063 26.35 1.0374 25.773 1.0147 25.917 1.0204 26 1.02
27 x 1.5 1.063 26.026 1.0246 25.16 0.9906 25.376 0.9991 25.5 1.00
27 x 2.0 1.063 25.701 1.0119 24.546 0.9664 24.835 0.9778 25 0.98
28 x 1.0 1.102 27.35 1.0768 26.773 1.0541 26.917 1.0597 27 1.06
28 x 1.5 1.102 27.026 1.0640 26.16 1.0299 26.376 1.0384 26.5 1.04
28 x 2.0 1.102 26.701 1.0512 25.546 1.0057 25.835 1.0171 26 1.02
30 x 1.0 1.181 29.35 1.1555 28.773 1.1328 28.917 1.1385 29 1.14
30 x 1.5 1.181 29.026 1.1428 28.16 1.1087 28.376 1.1172 28.5 1.12
30 x 2.0 1.181 28.701 1.1300 27.546 1.0845 27.835 1.0959 28 1.10
30 x 3.0 1.181 28.051 1.1044 26.319 1.0362 26.752 1.0532 27 1.06
32 x 1.5 1.260 31.026 1.2215 30.16 1.1874 30.376 1.1959 30.5 1.20
32 x 2.0 1.260 30.701 1.2087 29.546 1.1632 29.835 1.1746 30 1.18
33 x 1.5 1.299 32.026 1.2609 31.16 1.2268 31.376 1.2353 31.5 1.24
33 x 2.0 1.299 31.701 1.2481 30.546 1.2026 30.835 1.2140 31 1.22
33 x 3.0 1.299 31.051 1.2225 29.319 1.1543 29.752 1.1713 30 1.18
35 x 1.5 1.378 34.026 1.3396 33.16 1.3055 33.376 1.3140 33.5 1.32
35 x 2.0 1.378 33.701 1.3268 32.546 1.2813 32.835 1.2927 33 1.30
36 x 1.5 1.417 35.026 1.3790 34.16 1.3449 34.376 1.3534 34.5 1.36
36 x 2.0 1.417 34.701 1.3662 33.546 1.3207 33.835 1.3321 34 1.34
36 x 3.0 1.417 34.051 1.3406 32.319 1.2724 32.752 1.2894 33 1.30
39 x 1.5 1.535 38.026 1.4971 37.16 1.4630 37.376 1.4715 37.5 1.48
39 x 2.0 1.535 37.701 1.4843 36.546 1.4388 36.835 1.4502 37 1.46
39 x 3.0 1.535 37.051 1.4587 35.319 1.3905 35.752 1.4076 36 1.42
40 x 1.5 1.575 39.026 1.5365 38.16 1.5024 38.376 1.5109 38.5 1.52
40 x 2.0 1.575 38.701 1.5237 37.546 1.4782 37.835 1.4896 38 1.50
40 x 3.0 1.575 38.051 1.4981 36.619 1.4417 36.752 1.4469 37 1.46

Print Date: May 31, 2013 Automotive Service Solutions Confidential Page 16 of 21
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Formula for cutting Tap/Drill Sizes (Metric)


Drilled Hole Size (mm) = Basic Major Dia. of Thread (mm) - (% of Thread X mm Pitch) divided by 76.98.

Example: M10 x 1.5 tap and you want 75% threads.


Tap drill size would be 10mm minus, (75 x 1.5) divided by 76.98.
75 x 1.5 = 112.5. Divide that by 76.98 to = 1.461. Subtract that from 10mm = 8.53mm.
8.5 diameter drill will give you 75% threads.

NOTE: 60 80% of full thread is recommended.

Metric Form Tap - Drill Selector Chart

Metric
Size and Drill Decimal Percentage
Pitch Size Equivalent of Threads
M3 X 0.5 7/64 .1094 65
M3.5 X 0.6 3.2mm .1260 73
M4 X 0.7 27 .140 72
M4.5 X 0.75 4.10mm .1614 78
M5 X 0.8 4.60mm .1811 73
M6 X 1.0 5.50mm .2165 74
M7 X 1.0 6.50mm .2559 73
M8 X 1.25 L .2900 74
M8 X 1.00 7.50mm .2953 73
M10 x 1.5 9.20mm .3622 78
M10 X 1.25 U .3680 77
M12 X 1.75 7/16 .4375 74
M12 X 1.25 .447 .447 76
M14 X 2 13mm .5118 73
M14 X 1.5 13.20mm .5197 78
M16 X 2 15.00mm .5906 73
M16 X 1.5 15.25mm .6004 73
M18 X 2.5 16.75mm .6594 74
M18 x 1.5 17.25mm .6791 74
M20 X 2.5 47/64 .7344 78
M20 X 1.5 .757 .757 76

ANSI B1 Report specifies a maximum and minimum internal minor diameter for class 6H threads.
In normal applications the above recommended drilled hole sizes will produce internal threads
which will meet these minor diameter gauging specifications.

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Blank Diameters For Straight Rolled Threads


UNC & UNF ---- Class: 2 Steel
SIZE 10-15C SOFT 30 - 50C SOFT 30-50C OR 30-50C OR ALLOY **STAINLESS **STAINLESS
ALLOY 15-25RC 26-32RC CHR. NICKEL CHR. NICKEL 400
300 SERIES SERIES
Nom. Size. MAX. MIN. MAX. MIN. MAX. MIN. MAX. MIN. MAX. MIN. MAX. MIN.
T.P.I.
1/4 - 20 .2144 .2131 .2151 .2138 .2155 .2142 .2159 .2146 .2166 .2153 .2159 .2146

1/4 - 28 .2241 .2228 .2248 .2235 .2251 .2238 .2255 .2242 .2261 .2248 .2255 .2242

5/16 - 18 .2729 .2716 .2737 .2724 .2741 .2728 .2745 .2732 .2753 .2740 .2745 .2732

5/16 - 24 .2823 .2810 .2830 .2817 .2834 .2821 .2837 .2824 .2845 .2832 .2837 .2824

3/8 - 16 .3306 .3291 .3315 .3300 .3320 .3305 .3324 .3309 .3333 .3318 .3324 .3309

3/8 - 24 .3348 .3434 .3455 .3441 .3459 .3449 .3463 .3449 .3471 .3457 .3463 .3449

7/16 - 14 .3871 .3855 .3880 .3864 .3885 .3869 .3890 .3874 .3899 .3883 .3890 .3874

7/16 - 20 .4012 .3999 .4021 .4008 .4025 .4012 .4029 .4016 .4037 .4024 .4029 .4016

1/2 - 13 .4458 .4440 .4468 .4450 .4473 .4455 .4478 .4460 .4488 .4470 .4478 .4460

1/2 - 20 .4637 .4623 .4646 .4632 .4650 .4636 .4655 .4641 .4663 .4649 .4655 .4641

9/16 - 12 .5039 .5021 .5050 .5032 .5055 .5037 .5060 .5042 .5070 .5052 .5060 .5042

9/16 - 18 .5225 .5210 .5234 .5219 .5238 .5223 .5243 .5228 .5252 .5237 .5243 .5228

5/8 - 11 .5614 .5595 .5625 .5606 .5630 .5611 .5636 .5617 .5647 .5628 .5636 .5617

5/8 - 18 .5850 .5833 .5859 .5842 .5864 .5847 .5869 .5852 .5878 .5861 .5869 .5852

3/4 - 10 .6799 .6779 .6811 .6791 .6817 .6797 .6823 .6803 .6834 .6814 .6823 .6803

3/4 - 16 .7052 .7034 .7062 .7044 .7067 .7049 .7072 .7054 .7082 .7064 .7072 .7054

7/8 - 9 .7972 .7952 .7985 .7965 .7991 .7971 .7998 .7978 .8010 .7990 .7998 .7978

7/8 - 14 .8240 .8221 .8251 .8232 .8257 .8238 .8262 .8243 .8273 .8259 .8262 .8243

1-8 .9131 .9107 .9144 .9120 .9151 .9127 .9158 .9134 .9172 .9148 .9158 .9134

1 - 12 .9408 .9388 .9420 .9400 .9426 .9406 .9432 .9412 .9443 .9423 .9432 .9412

1-1/8 - 7 1.0262 1.0235 1.0276 1.0250 1.0283 1.0257 1.0290 1.0264 1.0304 1.0278 1.0290 1.0264

1-1/8 - 12 1.0657 1.0637 1.0669 1.0649 1.0675 1.0655 1.0681 1.0661 1.0693 1.0673 1.0681 1.0661

1-1/4 - 7 1.1510 1.1483 1.1525 1.1498 1.1533 1.1506 1.1540 1.1513 1.1555 1.1528 1.1540 1.1513

1-1/4 - 12 1.1906 1.1885 1.1919 1.1898 1.1925 1.1904 1.1931 1.1910 1.1943 1.1922 1.1931 1.1910

** Only certain grades can be rolled.

NOTE: These dimensions are for set-up reference only. Diameters must be finally established by actual
rolling and allowing for heat-treat and finish coatings as appropriate.

A rule of thumb process for figuring the turn diameter would be to use the lower limit of the pitch diameter + .002.
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Bar or Turn Sizes for Rolled 6g Metric External Thread


Turn Dimension in Metric and Inches
Size Inch Metric
M5 X .8 .176 - .174 4.47 - 4.42
M6 X 1 .210 - .208 5.33 5.28
M8 X 1.25 .282 - .280 7.16 7.11
M10 X 1.5 .354 - .352 8.99 8.94
M10 X 1.25 .358 - .356 9.09 9.04
M10 X .75 .372 - .370 9.45 9.40
M12 X 1.75 .426 - .424 10.82 10.77
M12 X 1.5 .430 - .428 10.91 10.86
M12 X 1.25 .436 - .434 11.07 11.02
M12 X 1 .443 - .441 11.25 11.20
M14 X 2 .498 - .496 12.65 12.60
M14 X 1.5 .508 - .506 12.91 12.86
M15 X 1 .561 - .559 14.25 14.20
M16 X 2 .577 - .575 14.65 14.60
M16 X 1.5 .587 - .585 14.91 14.86
M17 X 1 .640 - .638 16.25 16.20
M18 X 1.5 .666 - .664 16.91 16.86
M20 X 2.5 .721 - .719 18.31 18.26
M20 X 1.5 .744 - .742 18.90 18.85
M20 X 1 .758 - .756 19.25 19.20
M22 X 2.5 .800 - .798 20.32 20.27
M22 X 1.5 .823 - .821 20.90 20.85
M24 X 3 .865 - .863 21.97 21.92
M24 X 2 .887 - .885 22.54 22.49
M25 X 1.5 .941 - .939 23.90 23.85

NOTE: These dimensions are for set-up reference only. Diameters must be finally established by actual
rolling and allowing for heat-treat and finish coatings as appropriate.

A rule of thumb process for figuring the turn diameter would be to use the lower limit of the pitch diameter +
.05mm (.002").

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Threaded Rod

There are many types of threaded rod, but basically there are two materials that we normally use.
They are low carbon steel, and B7 alloy steel. The low carbon steel threaded rod is not manufactured
to the 2A thread classification and should be checked with 1A gauging. The B7 threaded rod,
manufactured to the ASTM193, Grade B7 standards, is per the 2A thread classification and should be
checked with 2A gauging.

Drawing call outs


There may be drawings with material (or an alternate material) of threaded rod, where as the part
calls for a 2A thread designation. If the material or alternate material used is threaded rod, it is to be
inspected to the mild steel threaded rod guidelines unless B7 is specifically called out.

Eng. ref: B7 is made from 4140 / 4142 high strength alloy with a tensile of 125,000 PSI. (Very similar
to grade 5 with approximate hardness of Rc 28-32.). Actual Specification is ASTM A 193, Grade B7.

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General Purpose Acme Threads single start


There are three classes of General-Purpose Acme threads, 2G, 3G, and 4G. It is suggested that
external and internal threads of the same class be used together for general-purpose assemblies,
Class 2G being the preferred choice. If less backlash or endplay is desired, Classes 3G and 4G
are available.
External General Purpose Acme Threads 2G single start
Size TPI Type Lead Major Diameter Pitch Diameter Minor Diameter
Max. Min. Max. Min. Max. Min.
3/16 20 std.acme 0.0500 0.1870 0.1820 0.1600 0.1500 0.1270 0.1120
1/4 16 std.acme 0.0620 0.2500 0.2450 0.2140 0.2040 0.1770 0.1610
1/4 20 std.acme 0.0500 0.2500 0.2450 0.2210 0.2110 0.1900 0.1750
3/8 8 stubacme 0.1250 0.3750 0.3680 0.3320 0.3180 0.2800 0.2650
3/8 10 std.acme 0.1000 0.3750 0.3700 0.3200 0.3060 0.2550 0.2350
3/8 12 std.acme 0.0830 0.3750 0.3700 0.3280 0.3160 0.2810 0.2630
3/8 16 std.acme 0.0630 0.3750 0.3700 0.3380 0.3270 0.3020 0.2850
3/8 20 std.acme 0.0500 0.3750 0.3700 0.3450 0.3340 0.3150 0.2990
1/2 10 std.acme 0.1000 0.5000 0.4950 0.4440 0.4300 0.3800 0.359
5/8 8 stubacme 0.1250 0.6250 0.6180 0.5810 0.5650 0.5300 0.5140
5/8 10 std.acme 0.1000 0.6250 0.6200 0.5680 0.5540 0.5050 0.4830
3/4 5 std.acme 0.2000 0.7500 0.7400 0.6430 0.6240 0.5300 0.5020
3/4 6 std.acme 0.1670 0.7500 0.7410 0.6590 0.6420 0.5630 0.5370
3/4 8 std.acme 0.1250 0.7500 0.7430 0.6800 0.6640 0.6050 0.5810
7/8 4 stubacme 0.2500 0.8750 0.8620 0.7920 0.7710 0.7050 0.6840
7/8 5 std.acme 0.2000 0.8750 0.8650 0.7670 0.7480 0.6550 0.6260
7/8 6 std.acme 0.1670 0.8750 0.8660 0.7840 0.7660 0.6880 0.6610
7/8 8 std.acme 0.1250 0.8750 0.8660 0.8050 0.7880 0.7300 0.7050
7/8 10 std.acme 0.1000 0.8750 0.8700 0.8170 0.8020 0.7550 0.7320
1 5 std.acme 0.2000 1.0000 0.9900 0.8920 0.8720 0.7800 0.7500
1 8 std.acme 0.1250 1.0000 0.9930 0.9290 0.9120 0.8550 0.8300

Formula to calculate tap drill size for acme taps based on a 100% of thread as per ANSI.
Step 1) Divide 1 by the pitch
Step 2) Subtract this amount from the OD. For pitches 10 and greater, add .005" to the drill size. For pitches less
than 10 TPI, take the amount from step 2 and multiply x .05 (5 %) and add this to the drill size. (This is for
95% to 100% threads.)
Example for 3/4-6 ACME-2G
1 divided by 6, or 1/6, = .167
.750 - .167 = .583" (100%)
.167 X .05 = .008" (to obtain 5%)
.583 + .008 = .591" (95%) Use the closest size drill bit available to obtain this tolerance.
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