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HROUIHO .

MASSIMO BANZI

GETTING STARTED UUITH ARDUIND

F irst E d itio n
O'Reilly
Beijing, Cambridge, Farnham, Koln, Sebastopol,Tokyo

ARDUINO

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2012
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ISBN 978-S-4252-0631-2
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, 2012
. ., 2012
ISBN 978-5-4252 0631-2 . 2008, Massimo Banzi
Authorized translation of the English edition of Getting Started with Arduino, 1st Edition
ISBN 9780596155513. This translation is published and sold by perm ission of O'Reilly Media, Inc., the
owner of all rights to publish and sell the same.
Getting Started with Arduino, 1-
ISBN 9780596155513. O'Reilly
Media, Inc., .

Arduino ................................ :.... ;................................................... . . . 7

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4. Arduino.......................................................................... .41
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/ /
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pinMode(LED, OUTPUT); // Arduino,
// (LED)
)
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for (i = 0; i < 255; i++) { // 0 2$ 4
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analogWrite (LED, i); //
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ir.t val- ~ 0 ; // '
int old val - 0 ; //
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int state = 0 ; // 0 = LED ,
// 1 = LED
int brightness =128; // -
unsigned long startTime = 0; // ?
void setup() {
pinMocie(LED, -OUTPUT); // - Arduino,
/ (LED) .
pinMode (BUTTON, INPUT);-'// BUTTON ()
//
} ....
void loop () (-
val = digitalRead (BUTTON).; //
// ,
/ ,
//
if ((val == HIGH) && (oldjval LOW) ) {
state = 1 - state; //
/
//
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73
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brightness = 0; // 2 5 5 ,.
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old val = val; // val ,
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if (state ==; 1 ) (
analogWrite(LED, brightness);,,//
// (LED)
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76 Arduino
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int val 0 ; / ,
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void setup() {
pinMode (LED, OUTPUT); /
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val = analogRead(0); // .
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digitalWrite(13, HIGH); /
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pinMpcie (LED, OUTPUT); //,;
// OUTPUT ()
// .
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val = analogRead(0); //
//
analogWrite(LED,; val/4); //
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delay(lO); //
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1 i:,i ;// 9600 /
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6-1. Arduino;
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import processing.serial.*; .

String feed = "http://blog.makezine.com/index.xml";

int interval - 10; // 60 ;


int lastTime; //

int love =0;


int peace = 0;
int arduino = 0;

int light - Q> //. ,

Serial port;
color c;
String cs;

88 Arduino
String buffer = // ,

PFont font;

void-setup j
size(640,480);
frameRate(X0); .//

font = loadFont("HelveticaNeue-Bold-32.vlw");
fill (253);
textFont(font, 32);
// :
// ,
// Serial.list Arduino. ,
// ,
// , , ,
'.// . -,
// 0 [ ] ,
/ / Arduino;
//println(Serial.list );
String arduinoPort Serial.list () [0];
port = new Serial (this., arduinoPort, 9600) ;
//

- las.tTime .= 0;
fetchData ();
)
void draw(){
background( c i;
int n = (interval - ((trsillis ()-lastTime)/1 0 0 0 ));

// 3
.= color(peace, love, arduino);
cs = "#" + nex(c,6 ); //

text("Arduino Networked Lamp", 10,40);


text(" :", 10, 100);
text(feed, 10, 140);

, 89
text (" "+ + " ", 10, 450) ;
text("peace" ,1 0 ,2 0 0 );
text( " peace, 130, 200);
rect(200,172, peace, 28);

text ("love ",10,240);


text(" " + love, 130, 240);
rect;(2 0 0 ,2 1 2 , love, 28);

text{"arduino ",10/280);
text( " + arduino, 130, -280);
rect(200,252, arduino, 28);

// '
text("sending", 10, 340);
text(cs, 200,340);
text("light level, 10, 380);
rect (2 0 0 , 352, light/10.23,28) ; //.. 1023
if (n<- 0 ) (
fetchData();
lastTime = millisO;
} ;0 $ 2 ' ' -
port.write(cs)// Arduino

if (port.available(> > 0) {'ll ,


// . '' :
int inByt'e - port, read /? II
if (inByte !- 10) {; U ;
// (newline)
buffer - buffer + char(inByte) ; //
//
' }
else*

//' (newline),
//
if (buffer.length() >1) ( // ,
//

90 Arduino
// /

; / (
' ' // )
buffer = buffer.substring(0 ,buffer.length() -1 );

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/., . ;
1 :ght; =; iht (bu ffer i;

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v o id fetch D a ta O {
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//
String data; .f ' , , if
String chunk; .

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- love - 0 ;
peace = 0 ;
arduino' = ;-
try {
..URL .]. = new URLff eed) .; // ".
//
6RijC.6nr-oc.tioh conn -' u r l f.o p e fitq n n l i o n (/).;
co.nn,conn*5'-11 i; // /. - .

, 91
/./
// , ,
//
// , .
BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader
(new InputStreamReader(conn.getlnputStream()));
//
while ((data = in.readLine ()) != null) (

StringToker.izer st *
new StringTokenizer(data,"\"<>,. () [} ");
//
while (st.hasMoreTokens()) {
//
/ /
chunks st.nextToken().toLowerCase() ;

if (chunk.indexOf("love") >= 0 )
// "love" ()?
love++; // increment love by 1
if (chunk.'indexOf("peace") >= 0)
// "peace" ()?
peace++; // increment peace by 1
if (chunk.indexOf("arduino") >= 0)
// "arduino"?
arduino+t; // increment arduino by 1.
>

//. 64
// ,
if (peace > 64) peace = 64;
if (love > 64) love = 64;
if (arduino > 64) arduino = 64;
peace = peace * 4; // 4, ,
love = love * 4; //
//
arduino' arduino 4; // , 4

92 Arduino
catch (Exception ex) { // , ,
ex.printStackTra.ee '
System.o u t .printin("ERROR: "+ex
J. '

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, 93
6-2. Arduino
^define SENSOR
#defir.e R LED 9
Adeline G_LED 10
Adeline B~LEB 11
Adeline BUTTON 12
int val = 0; f t ,
//

int btn " LOW;


int old^btn LOW;
int state 0;
char buffer!7] ;
int. pointer *> 0;
byte inByte 0;

byte r = .0; .
byte g = 0;
byte b = 0;

void setup 0 (
Serial.begin(9600); //
.//
pinMode(BUTTON, INPUT);

void lo o p () {
val = analogRead(SENSOR); //
/ /
Serial.println(val); //
/ /

,if (Serial.available >0.) { .


// :

inByte Serial.read () ;

// , 6
if (inByte * '#' ) {
while (pointer < 6) { // 6
buffer[pointer] = Serial.read(j; ;//
pcinter++; // 1
} .i'i
// 3 ,
//
7/ 3 , g b

94 Arduino
= hex2dec(buffer[1]) + hex2dee(buffer(0]) * 16;
g hex2dec(buffer[3]) + hex2dec(buffer[2]) * 16;
b = hex2dec(buffer [5]) + hex2dec(buffer [4 ]) 16;
pointer - 0; // 0,
//
)
)
btn d.igitalRead (BUTTON) ; //.
//

// ,
if ( (btn == HIGH) && .(bld_btn == LOW) ) {
state * 1 - state;

old_btn = btn; // val ,


/ /

if (state == 1) X I I
analogWrite(R_LED, ); / /
analogWrite(G_LED, g ) ; //
analogWrite(B_LED, b ) ; //
) else (

analogWrite(R_LED, 0) I !
analogWrite(G_LED, 0)
analogWrite(B_LED, 0)

d e l a y (100); // s 100
/
)
int hex2dec(byte ) { / /
I I
if ( >= ' 1 && <= 9 * ) {
return - '01;
} else if ( >= ' ' & <= 'F') (
return - '' + 10;
)
)

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boolean ( )

: () False (),

char ( )
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byte ()
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int, 2 ; unsigned ,
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0 65 535.

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long ( )
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-2 147 483 648 2 147483 647.

unsigned long ( )
long 0 4 294 967 295.

float ( )

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double ( )

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string ()
ASCII- (

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Null, Arduino
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Char stringl[] = "Arduino"; // 7 + null


Char string2[8] = "Arduino"; // To ,
//

array ()
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Iight02 .
, :

114 Arduino
int light[6] = (0, 20, 50, 75, 100}

array ()
: [] {}.

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if
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if (val == 1 ) [
digitalWrite (LED, HIGH) ,-
}

for
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:
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
Serial.print("");
}

switch case
if , a switch
case .

.
, if.

. Arduino 115
:
switch (sensorValue) {
case 23:
digitalWrite(13,HIGH);
break;
case 46:
digitalWrite(12,HIGH);
break;
default: // ,
digitalWrite(12,LOW);
digitalWrite(13,LOW);
i

while
if,
.
:
// , 512
sensorValue = analogRead(1);
while (sensorValue < 512) {
digitalWrite(13,HIGH);
delay(1 0 0 );
digitalWrite(13,HIGH);
delay(1 0 0 );
sensorValue = analogRead(1);
}

do...w hile
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.
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.
:
do {
digitalWrite(13,HIGH);
delay(1 0 0 );
digitalWrite (13,HIGH);
delay(1 0 0 );
sensorValue = analogRead(I);
; while (sensorValue < 512);

116 Arduino
break ()

, .
switch case.

// , 512
go ;
// ,
if (digitaiRead(7) == HIGH)
break;
digitalWrite(13,HIGH);
delay(1 0 0 );
digitalWrite(13,HIGH) ;
delay(1 0 0 );
sensorValue = analogRead(1);
} while (sensorValue < 512);

continue ()
continue
.

:
for (light = 0; light < 255; light++)

// 140 200
if (( > 140) && ( < 200))
continue;
analogWrite(PWMpin, light);
delay (1 0 );
)

return ()
.

.

. Arduino 117
, computeremperature ()
, ,
:
i.nt computeTemperature <) {
int temperature = 0 ;
temperature = (analogRead(0) + 45) / 100;
return temperature;

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+ *,
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, modulo (%),
.
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(
).
:
= 2 + 2;
light = ((12 * sensorValue) - )'/ 2;
remainder = 3 % 2 ; // 2 ,
// 3 / 2

if, while
for, :
==
!=
< ,
> ,
<=
>=

118 Arduino

,
. , ,
, , 5 10,
:

if ((sensor => 5) & (sensor <= 10) }


: ,
&&; , | 1; ,
, !.



,
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, value 1,
:
value = value +1 ;
:
value++;

( ++)
1.
. i++, i 1,
i + 1; ++i
i , 1.
.

+=, -=,*= /=
.
:

S . !
+~ 5;


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. , .

. Arduino 119
pinMode(pin, mode)

.
:
pinMode( 7 ,IN PUT); / / 7

digitalWrite(pin, mode)
.
a ig it a iW r it e ,
pinMode.
:
d ig it a lW r ic e ( 8 , HIGH); / / 8

intdigitalRead(pin)
, HIGH,
, LOW,
.
:
v a l = d ig it a lR e a d (7} ,- / /
/ / 7 v a l

int analogRead(pin)

1023, 0 5 .
:
v a l = ar.alogRead(O) ; / /
/ / 0
/ / v a l

analogWrite(pin, value)
-
PWM. pin ()
1 1 ,1 0,9 ,6 ,5 ,3 . value () 255,
0 5 .

:
a n a lo g W rite (9 ,1 2 8 ) ; / /
/ / 9 50%

120 Arduino
shiftOut(dataPin, dockPin, bitOrder, value)

,
.
. bitOrder
( ),
value .
:
shiftOut (dataPin, clockPin, LSBFIRST., 255);

pulseln(pin, value)

,
. , ,
,
.

:
time = pulseln(7,HIGH); // ,
//


Arduino ,
.

millis()
,
.
:
duration = millis()-lastTime; // ,
//

delay(Mc)

.
:
delay(500); //
//

. Arduino 121
delayMicroseconds(MKc)


.
:
delayMicroseconds(1000) ; //
// 1


Arduino
.

m in(x,y)
.
:
val = mir. (10,20); // val 10

max{x, )
.
:
val = max(10,20); // val 20

a bs(x)

,
. 5, 5,
-5, - 5.
:
val = abs(-5); // val 5

constrain^, , b)
. , ,
, , , .
:
val = constrain (ar.alogRead (0) , 0, 255);
//

122 Arduino
(, , , , )

.
.
:
val = map(analogRead(0),0,1023,100, 200);
//
// 0 1023 100 200

pow(, )
() (
).
:
double = pow(y, 32); //
// , 32-

sqrt(x)
.
:
( ) = sqrt(1138);
// 33,73425674438

5()
, .
:
sine ( ) = sin(2);
II 0,90929737091

()
, .
:
cosine ( ) = cos(2);
// -0,41614685058

. no Arduino 123
()
, .
:
tangent ( ) = (2);
II -2,18503975868


,
Arduino.

randomSeed(Ha4anbHoe )

.
, random (),
, , ,
- .
,
(, ,
, . .).
:
randomSeed(analogRead(5)); //
// , 5

random(max) randomfmin, max)




min max 1. min , 0.
:
randnum ( ) = random(0, 100);
// 0 100
randnum ( ) = random(ll);
// 0 11


5, Arduino
USB-
. .

124 Arduino
SeriaLbegrn(speed)
Arduino
.
9600 /,
, 115 200 /.
:
Serial.begin(9600);

Serial.printtaaHKbie) $!.1{, )
.
. ,
.
:
Serial.print(75); // "75"
Serial.print(75, DEC); // To , .
Serial .print (75, HEX); // "4B" (75 )
Serial.print(75, ); // "113" (75 )
Serial.print(75, BIN); // "1001011" (75 )
Serial.print(75, BYTE); // "" (
// 75
// ASCII-)

Serial. !() Serial.println(AaHHbie, )


S e r i a l . p r i n t () ,
(\\),
, Return () Enter
().
:
S e r i a l . p r i n t l r . (75) ; / / 7 5 \ r\ n "
S e r i a l . p r i n t l n (7 5 , D E C ); / / To , .
S e r i a l . p r i n t i n (7 5 , HEX); // " 4 B \ r \ n "
S e r i a l . p r i n t l n (7 5 , O CT); / / " 1 1 3 \ r\ n "
S e r i a l . p r i n t l n (7 5 , BIN); // " lO O lO lllrN n "
' S e r i a l , p r i n t l n (7-5, B Y T E ); / / " X \ r \ r."

. no Arduino 12!>
Serial.availableO
,
read .
read ,
Serial, available () 0 ,
.
:
ir.t count = Serial.available ();

Seriai.readO
.
:
int data = Serial.read ;

Serial.flush()

, , Arduino
.
, flush () .
:
Serial .flush ;

126 Arduino
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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_symboi.
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128
Amperka.ru
,

Arduino, , ,
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www.amperka.ru



. 6;
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:429.00
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