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Development of a Composite Door for a FAR 23 Aircraft


The objective is to develop a com- LAMINATE MODELLING

posite door structure for a light air- A symmetric, balanced and homo- FEMAP with NX NASTRAN was used
craft in the FAR-23 category incor- geneous layup should be employed to create and validate the Finite
porating DESIGN FOR MANUFAC- to avoid shear-extension and bend- Element Model.
TURING guidelines. ing-twist coupling.
Figure 10: Total Translation Plot

Critical Design Considerations:

1)Strength to Weight Ratio Figure 5: Finite Element Model

2)Stiffness to Weight Ratio The loads and boundary conditions

3)Lightening Characteristics applied are shown below.
4)Cost and Lead Time Figure 3: Composite Design Envelope Figure 11: Max Principal Strain Plot

Using the design envelope, a bal- IMPACT

anced, quasi-isotropic laminate ply Figure 6: Pressure Distribution
sequence is selected for the door Composites offer a light weight and
structure. structurally sound solution to the
Figure 1: Concept Designs design problem. Compared to a
metallic construction, using compo-
3 concept designs were consid- site potentially offers a reduced life-
ered; Concept (a) emerged to be Figure 4: Laminate Ply Sequence Figure 7: Boundary Conditions cycle cost, shorter lead time and
the most suitable design for the higher performance resulting in a
specific application.
more competitive product.

Principal Investigators:
Saptarshi Datta
Dr. Jeff Xi
Dr. Seyed M. Hashemi

Figure 2: Concept (a) Detailed Design Figure 8: Manufacturing Process Figure 9: Layup Sequence saptarshi.datta@ryerson.ca