Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 34

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ACCESSMENT

( EIA) GUIDELINES IN MALAYSIA

Penceramah:
Fadini binti Mohamad Razali
Bahagian Pengurusan Projek
Cawangan Alam Sekitar dan Kecekapan Tenaga
The purpose of EIA Guidelines
Requirements under the provision of Section 34A(2c) of
the Environmental Quality Act 1974
1

Environmental Quality (Prescribed Activities) (Environmental


Impact Assessment) Order 2015, enforced since
2 28th August 2015

To guide the project proponent and qualified person


(registered Consultants by DOE) in the preparation of the
3 EIA report

2
Why New EIA Guidelines???

Section 34A (2C)

New EIA Order 2015

New Concept of EIA Elements (QP, EO, P2M2)

Request by Minister to amend EQA, 1974

3
Whats the different???

EIA Handbook (Before 22nd Feb 2016) EIA Guidelines (22nd Feb 2016 onwards)

TOR Review Panel TOR Adequacy Check Meeting

1st Schedule Vs 2nd Schedule


PEIA Vs DEIA HQ Technical Review
Committee
Review Panel Meeting Appointed Individual

EMP (Introduce LDP2M2)


Appointed Individual (Panel)
Post Submission (Presentation
COA Execution Plan)
EMP (General & ESCP) Client Charter for TOR

4
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
ASSESSMENT GUIDELINES

Requirements under provision of


Section 34A (2c) of the Environmental
Quality Act 1974.

5
SECTION 34A, EQA 1974 (AMENDMENT) 2012

Subsection 34A (2C)


The report shall be in accordance with the
guidelines as the Director General may prescribe
and shall contain:
a. an assessment of the impact such activity will
have or is likely to have on the environment;
and
b. the proposed measures that shall be
undertaken to prevent, reduce or control the
adverse impact on the environment
6
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
GUIDELINES

Introduction
1

Policy and legislations


2

General EIA Procedure, Requirements and Study


3 Methodologies

Pre-submission Stage of EIA Report


4

7
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
GUIDELINES

During Submission Stage of EIA Report


5

Post Submission Stage of EIA Report


6

Mainstreaming of Environmental Agenda and


7 Self Regulation Approach in EIA Procedure

8
INTRODUCTION
1

1.1 Purpose of EIA Guideline in


Malaysia

1.2 Applicability of the EIA Guideline

1.3 EIA in Malaysia

9
INTRODUCTION
1
1.4 EIA Guiding Principles

Development Befitting to Nature

Proactive

Transparency

Credibility

Cost-effectiveness

Practical
10
INTRODUCTION
1
EIA Guiding Principles (contd)
Social Accountability

Quality Conscious

Self-Regulatory

Ethical

Participative

Sustainability
11
INTRODUCTION
1

1.5 Integration of EIA Into Project Planning Cycle

1.5.1 EIA in Project Planning and Decision -


Making

(a) Investment Security


(b) Social Acceptability
(c) Quality Planning

12
13
2

14
2
Policy and legislation

Introduction

Relevant National Policies and


Plans
National Policy on the Environment
National Physical Plan

15
2
Policy and legislation

Federal Legislation
Environmental Quality Act, 1974

States Legislation
Environmental Protection Enactment, 2002
(Sabah) by EPD
Natural Resources and Environment
Ordinance, 1993 (Sarawak) by NREB

Adherence to DOE Guidelines


16
3. GENERAL EIA PROCEDURE,
REQUIREMENTS, AND STUDY
METHODOLOGIES

17
GENERAL EIA PROCEDURE, REQUIREMENTS,
3 AND STUDY METHODOLOGIES

To be
EIA conducted
by Qualified
Study Person

18
GENERAL
GENERAL EIA
EIA PROCEDURE,
PROCEDURE, REQUIREMENTS,
REQUIREMENTS,
33 AND
AND STUDY
STUDY METHODOLOGIES
METHODOLOGIES

Screening
Scoping
Terms of Reference (TOR) formulation
Baseline studies
Identification of mitigation measures
EIA Impact assessment and evaluation of
Methodologies significance
EIA Report preparation
EIA Report review
DOE State
DOE HQ
Decision making

19
GENERAL
GENERAL EIA
EIA PROCEDURE,
PROCEDURE, REQUIREMENTS,
REQUIREMENTS,
33 AND
AND STUDY
STUDY METHODOLOGIES
METHODOLOGIES

The first process in the


EIA study to determine if
a proposed development
Screening project is subject to a
regulatory provision
requiring an EIA

20
GENERAL
GENERAL EIA
EIA PROCEDURE,
PROCEDURE, REQUIREMENTS,
REQUIREMENTS,
33 AND
AND STUDY
STUDY METHODOLOGIES
METHODOLOGIES

Initial phase of the EIA process which occurs


early in the project cycle

Identifying the key environmental issues and


the study spatial and temporal boundaries

What to be investigated and assessed during the


subsequent phases of the EIA process
Scoping The range and extent of the key issues to be
addressed

Determines the focus and depth of the EIA study,


which in turn implicates the requirements on time,
personnel, and cost of the study

21
GENERAL
GENERAL EIA
EIA PROCEDURE,
PROCEDURE, REQUIREMENTS,
REQUIREMENTS,
33 AND
AND STUDY
STUDY METHODOLOGIES
METHODOLOGIES

The study of the current status of the environment


in the area proposed for development before
the development work of the project started

Involve :

Field studies;
Baseline Desktop studies;
Identify key issues
Studies Provide a detailed description of the affected area

Address main areas:

Physical
Environmental;
Biological;
Socio Economic
22
GENERAL EIA PROCEDURE, REQUIREMENTS,
3 AND STUDY METHODOLOGIES

EIA Report
Quality
Control
Assessment

23
PRE-SUBMISSION STAGE OF EIA REPORT
4

Screening

Scoping and Terms of Reference


First Schedule
Second Schedule

Site Suitability Assessment

Baseline Conditions

Impact Assessment Methodology

Specifications and Format of EIA Report


24
Specifications and format of EIA Report

25
5
DURING SUBMISSION STAGE OF EIA REPORT

Submission of EIA Report

EIA Review Process


Objectives of EIA Review
Roles and Responsibilities of Parties Involved in the EIA Procedure
EIA Review Process Timeline

Review Process for EIA Reports for First Schedule Activities


Procedural steps for five (5) weeks assessment of EIA Report

Review Process for EIA Reports for Second Schedule Activities


Terms of References (TOR) Review Procedure
EIA Report Reviewing Procedures
Display of EIA Reports
26
Roles and Responsibilities of Parties Involved in the EIA
Procedure

The Project Proponent

The EIA Consultant

The Environment Related Competent Agencies and Specialists

The Public

The Technical Review Committee

The Approving Authorities

27
PROCESS FLOWCHART FOR EIA

28
6
POST SUBMISSION STAGE OF EIA REPORT

Guidance Document for preparation and


submission of Environmental Management Plan
(EMP)

Objective of Guidance Document

How to get started

Format of Environmental Management Plan (EMP)

Preparation of Land Disturbing Pollution


Prevention and Mitigation Measures (LDP2M2)
Schedule of project phasing and submission of LDP2M2
Method Statement
29
6
POST SUBMISSION STAGE OF EIA REPORT

Water Pollution Control

Environmental monitoring
Effluent treatment
Temporary sullage and sewage treatment
Permanent sullage and sewage treatment
Control of oil and grease, concrete wash, etc.

Control of Air Pollution and Noise

Air pollution control monitoring


Air pollution control

30
6
POST SUBMISSION STAGE OF EIA REPORT

Materials and Waste Management


Raw materials and stockpiles
Solid waste
Biomass
Spoils/dredge materials/construction waste
Open burning
Housekeeping

Scheduled Waste Management

Emergency Response Plan (ERP)

Abandonment Plan and Closure Plan

Declaration and Checklist

31
MAINSTREAMING OF ENVIRONMENTAL AGENDA AND SELF
7 REGULATION APPROACH IN EIA PROCEDURE

32
33