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MD

Set 21-30
A steel containing _________ 0.8% carbon is known as hypo-eutectoid steel.

(A) Equal to

(B) Less than

(C) Greater than

(D) None of these

The velocity factor for very accurately cut and ground metallic gears operating at velocities upto __________ are equal to 6/(6
+ v).

(A) 10 m/s

(B) 12.5 m/s

(C) 15 m/s

(D) 20 m/s

7. When a circular beam of diameter d is subjected to a shear force F, the maximum shear stress induced will be

(A) 4F/ d

(B) 6F/ d

(C) 8F/ d

(D) 16F/ 3d

14. The modulus of elasticity for mild steel is approximately equal to

(A) 80 kN/mm
(B) 100 kN/mm

(C) 110 kN/mm

(D) 210 kN/mm

The relation between the pitch of the chain (p) and pitch circle diameter of the sprocket (D) is given by (where T = Number of teeth
on the sprocket)

(A) p = D sin (90/T)

(B) p = D sin (120/T)

(C) p = D sin (180/T)

(D) p = D sin (360/T)

7. Lewis form factor for 14 composite and full depth involute system is (where T = Number of teeth)

(A) 0.124 - (0.684/T)

(B) 0.154 - (0.912/T)

(C) 0.175 - (0.841/T)

(D) None of these

9. The design of shafts made of brittle materials is based on

(A) Guest's theory

(B) Rankine's theory


(C) St Venant's theory

(D) Von Mises theory

10. When a beam of rectangular cross-section of width b and depth d, is subjected to a shear force F, the maximum shear stress
induced will be

(A) F/bh

(B) 3F/2bh

(C) 2F/bh

(D) 4F/bh

11. The endurance or fatigue limit is defined as the maximum value of the stress which a polished standard specimen can
withstand without failure, for infinite number of cycles, when subjected to

(A) Static load

(B) Dynamic load

(C) Static as well as dynamic load

(D) Completely reversed load

14. The efficiency of a square threaded screw is maximum if the helix angle is equal to
(Where = Angle of friction)

(A) 90 -

(B) 45 -

(C) 45 - /2
(D) 45 + /2

15. The efficiency of a square threaded screw is maximum if the helix angle is equal to
(Where = Angle of friction)
(A) (1/2) ( + 4)

(B) ( + 4)

(C) (1/2) [ + ( + 4)]

(D) + ( + 4)

1. When two non-intersecting and non-coplanar shafts are connected by gears, the arrangement is known as

(A) Spur gearing

(B) Helical gearing

(C) Bevel gearing

(D) Spiral gearing

The temperature required for full annealing in hypereutectoid steel is

(A) 50C above upper critical temperature

(B) 50C below upper critical temperature

(C) 50C above lower critical temperature


(D) 50C below lower critical temperature

6. In a partial journal bearing, the angle of contact of the bearing with the journal is

(A) 120

(B) 180

(C) 270

(D) 360

7. In a band and block brake, the ratio of tensions on the tight and slack sides of band is given by (where = Coefficient of friction
between the blocks and the drum, = Semi-angle of each block subtending at the centre of drum, and n = Number of blocks)

(A) T/T = n

(B) T/T = ()n

(C) T/T = [(1 - tan)/ (1 + tan)]n

(D) T/T = [(1 + tan)/ (1 - tan)]n

8. In a flat belt drive, if the slip between the driver and belt is 1 %, between the belt and follower is 3% and driver and follower
pulley diameters are equal, then velocity ratio of the drive will be

(A) 0.96

(B) 0.97

(C) 0.98

(D) 0.99
9. The allowable static stress for steel gears is approximately __________ of the ultimate tensile stress.

(A) One-fourth

(B) One-third

(C) One-half

(D) Double

A connecting rod subjected to an axial load may buckle with

(A) X-axis as neutral axis

(B) Y-axis as neutral axis

(C) X-axis or Y-axis as neutral axis

(D) Z-axis

13. Two shafts A and B are made of the same material. The diameter of shaft A is twice as that of shaft B. The power transmitted by
the shaft A will be __________ of shaft B.

(A) Twice

(B) Four times

(C) Eight times

(D) Sixteen times

15. For longitudinal joint in boilers, the type of joint used is


(A) Butt joint with single cover plate

(B) Butt joint with double cover plate

(C) Lap joint with one ring overlapping the other

(D) Any one of the above

1. In helical gears, the distance between similar faces of adjacent teeth along a helix on the pitch cylinders normal to the teeth, is
called

(A) Normal pitch

(B) Axial pitch

(C) Diametral pitch

(D) Module

2. The minimum number of teeth on the pinion which will mesh with any gear without interference for 20 full depth involute
teeth will be

(A) 12

(B) 14

(C) 18

(D) 24

4. According to Rankine's theory, the failure occurs at a point in a member


(A) When the maximum shear stress in a biaxial stress system reaches the shear stress at elastic limit in a simple tension test

(B) When the maximum principal stress in a biaxial stress system reaches the elastic limit of the material in a simple tension test

(C) When the strain energy per unit volume in a biaxial stress system reaches the strain energy at the elastic limit per unit volume as determined

from a simple tension test

(D) When the maximum principal strain in a biaxial stress system reaches the strain at the elastic limit as determined from a simple tension test

Lewis equation in gears is used to find the

(A) Tensile stress in bending

(B) Shear stress

(C) Compressive stress in bending

(D) Fatigue stress

7. A metal pipe of 1 m diameter contains a fluid having a pressure of 1 N/mm. If the permissible tensile stress in the metal is 20
N/mm, then the thickness of the metal required for making the pipe will be

(A) 5 mm

(B) 10 mm

(C) 15 mm

(D) 25 mm

A locking device extensively used in marine type connecting rod ends is a

(A) Jam nut


(B) Castle nut

(C) Sawn nut

(D) Ring nut

11. When the connected members are very yielding (soft gasket) as compared to the bolt, then the resultant load on the bolt will be
equal to the

(A) Initial tension

(B) External load applied

(C) Sum of the initial tension and external load applied

(D) Initial tension or external load, whichever is greater

The shock absorbing capacity of a bolt can be increased by

(A) Tightening it properly

(B) Increasing shank diameter

(C) Grinding the shank

(D) Making shank diameter equal to core diameter of thread

What is the answer to this question?

(A) 2WD3n/Gd

(B) 4WD3n/Gd

(C) 8WD3n/Gd

(D) 16WD3n/Gd
6. In an oil lubricated journal bearing, the coefficient of friction between the journal and the bearing

(A) Remains constant at all speeds

(B) Is minimum at zero speed and increases monotonically with increase in speed

(C) Is maximum at zero speed and decreases monotonically with increase in speed

(D) Becomes minimum at an optimum speed and then increases with further increase in speed

15. The shear stress at a point in a shaft subjected to a torque is

(A) Directly proportional to the polar moment of inertia and to the distance of the point from the axis

(B) Directly proportional to the applied torque and inversely proportional to the polar moment of inertia

(C) Directly proportional to the applied torque and the polar moment of inertia

(D) Inversely proportional to the applied torque and the polar moment of inertia

2. According to Indian standards, the diameter of rivet hole is made larger than the basic size of rivet by

(A) 0.5 mm up to rivet diameter of 24 mm

(B) 1 mm for rivet diameter from 27 mm to 36 mm

(C) 2 mm for rivet diameter from 39 mm to 48 mm

(D) All of the above

The helix angle for single helical gears ranges from

(A) 10 to 15

(B) 15 to 20
(C) 20 to 35

(D) 35 to 50

4. The centre distance between two meshing involute gears is equal to

(A) Sum of base circle radii/cos

(B) Difference of base circle radii/cos

(C) Sum of pitch circle radii/cos

(D) Difference of pitch circle radii/cos

. In block brakes, the ratio of shoe width to wheel diameter is taken between

(A) 0.1 and 0.25

(B) 0.25 and 0.50

(C) 0.50 and 0.75

(D) 0.75 and 1

12. Crushing resistance required to crush the rivet per pitch length is

(A) p.d.c

(B) p.t.c

(C) n.d.t.c

(D) (p - d) t.c
5. If a shaft made from ductile material is subjected to combined bending and twisting moment, calculations based on which one
of the following failure theories will give the most conservative value?

(A) Maximum principal stress theory

(B) Maximum shear stress theory

(C) Maximum strain energy theory

(D) Maximum distortion energy theory

According to I.B.R., shearing resistance required to shear off the rivet per pitch length (in double shear) is (where n = Number of
rivets per pitch length)

(A) (/4) d n

(B) 1.875 (/4) d n

(C) 2 (/4) d n

(D) 3 (/4) d n

The initial tension (in newtons) in a bolt used for making a fluid tight joint like steam engine cover joints, is calculated by the
relation (where d = Nominal diameter of bolt in mm)

(A) 1420 d

(B) 1680 d

(C) 2080 d

(D) 2840 d

12. Two shafts of the same length and material are joined in series. If the ratio of their diameters is 2, then the ratio of their angles
of twist will be

(A) 2
(B) 4

(C) 8

(D) 16

. A steel containing 0.8% carbon is known as

(A) Eutectoid steel

(B) Hypereutectoid steel

(C) Hypo-eutectoid steel

(D) None of these

The gears are termed as medium velocity gears, if their peripheral velocity is

(A) 1-3 m/s

(B) 3-15 m/s

(C) 15-30 m/s

(D) 30-50 m/s

A steel containing up to 0.15% carbon is known as

(A) Mild steel

(B) Dead mild steel

(C) Medium carbon steel

(D) High carbon steel


8. When a helical compression spring is cut into halves, the stiffness of the resulting spring will be

(A) Same

(B) Double

(C) One-half

(D) One-fourth

.Soderberg relation is based on __________ of the material whereas all other failure relation for dynamic loading are based on
ultimate strength of the material.

(A) Elastic strength

(B) Yield strength

(C) Shear strength

(D) None of these

13. When the connected members are very yielding (soft gasket) as compared to the bolt, then the resultant load on the bolt will be
equal to the

(A) Initial tension

(B) External load applied

(C) Sum of the initial tension and external load applied

(D) Initial tension or external load, whichever is greater

2. For general industrial machinery, the ratio of the length of journal to its diameter is taken as

(A) 0.5 to 1
(B) 1 to 2

(C) 3 to 5

(D) 5 to 10

6. According to I.B.R., the distance between the rows of rivets, for equal number of rivets in more than one row for lap joint or
butt joint (chain riveting) shall not be less than

(A) d

(B) 1.5 d

(C) 2 d

(D) 2.5 d

In order to have a connecting rod equally strong in buckling about X-axis and Y-axis, the moment of inertia about X-axis should
be __________ the moment of inertia about Y-axis.

(A) Equal to

(B) Twice

(C) Three times

(D) Four times

11. According to Indian standards, total numbers of tolerance grades are

(A) 8

(B) 12

(C) 18
(D) 20

13. A plate with an elliptical hole in the centre, with semi-major axis (a) perpendicular to the direction of loading and semi-minor
axis (b) along the direction of loading, is subjected to a pull P. The maximum stress induced at the edge of the hole is equal to
(where = Stress for a plate with no hole i.e. nominal stress)

(A) [1 + (b/2a)]

(B) [1 + (2a/b)]

(C) [1 + (b/3a)]

(D) [1 + (3a/b)]

2. A shaft is subjected to fluctuating loads for which the normal torque (T) and bending moment (M) are 1000 N-m and 500 N-m
respectively. If the combined shock and fatigue factor for bending is 1.5 and combined shock and fatigue factor for torsion is 2,
then the equivalent twisting moment for the shaft is

(A) 2000 N-m

(B) 2050 N-m

(C) 2100 N-m

(D) 2136 N-m

4. In the levers of first type, the mechanical advantage is ________ one.

(A) Less than

(B) Equal to

(C) More than

(D) None of these

10. In a full journal bearing, the angle of contact of the bearing with the journal is
(A) 120

(B) 180

(C) 270

(D) 360

31 to 40
1. In designing a sleeve coupling, length of the sleeve is taken as (where d = Diameter of the shaft)

(A) d + 17 mm

(B) 2d + 13 mm

(C) 2d + 20 mm

(D) 3.5 d

4. In worm, gears, pitch lead angle is

(A) Half the angle between two inclined faces in axial plane

(B) The angle between the tangent to the pitch helix and the plane of rotation

(C) The angle between the tangent to the pitch helix and an element of the cylinder

(D) None of the above

Two rigid plates are clamped by means of bolt and nut with an initial force F. After tightening, a separating force P (P < F) is
applied to the lower plate, which in turn acts on the nut. The tension in the both after this is
(A) F + P

(B) F.P

(C) P

(D) F

10. The ratio of circumferential stress to longitudinal stress in a thin cylinder subjected to an internal pressure is

(A) 1/2

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) 4

11. For a shoe brake, the equivalent coefficient of friction is equal to (where = Actual coefficient of friction, and = Semi-block
angle)

(A) 2 sin/( + sin)

(B) sin/(2 + sin 2)

(C) 4 sin/( + sin)

(D) 4 sin/(2 + sin 2)

12. When a hole of diameter d is punched in a metal of thickness 't', then the force required to punch a hole is equal to (where u =
Ultimate shear strength of the material of the plate)

(A) d.t.u

(B) d.t.u
(C) /4 d.u

(D) /4 d tu

15. According to I.B.R., the efficiency of a double riveted butt joint with double cover straps of equal width should be

(A) 45 to 60%

(B) 63 to 70%

(C) 70 to 83%

(D) 80 to 90%

4. According to I.B.R., the efficiency of a triple riveted butt joint with double straps of unequal width (5 rivets per pitch length)
should be

(A) 45 to 60%

(B) 63 to 70%

(C) 70 to 83%

(D) 80 to 90%

15. A column is known as a long column if the slenderness ratio is

(A) 40

(B) 50

(C) 70

(D) 100
. In skew bevel gearing, the axes of shafts are

(A) Intersecting and the teeth are curved

(B) Non-intersecting and nonparallel and the teeth are curved

(C) Non-intersecting and non-parallel and the teeth are straight

(D) None of the above

13. The piston pin bearings in heavy duty diesel engines are

(A) Needle roller bearings

(B) Tapered roller bearings

(C) Spherical roller bearings

(D) Cylindrical roller bearings

10. The permissible stress in the fillet weld is 100 N/mm. The fillet weld has equal leg lengths of 15 mm each. The allowable
shearing load on the weldment per cm length of the weld is

(A) 7.5 kN

(B) 10.6 kN

(C) 15 kN

(D) 22.5 kN

The speed of the sprocket reduces as the chain pitch __________ for a given number of teeth.

(A) Increases
(B) Decreases

(C) Remain same

(D) None of these

The bearings of medium series have capacity __________ over the light series.

(A) 10 to 20%

(B) 20 to 30%

(C) 30 to 40%

(D) 40 to 50%

The cam follower extensively used in aircraft engines is

(A) Knife edge follower

(B) Flat faced follower

(C) Spherical faced follower

(D) Roller follower

The velocity factor for precision metallic gears cut with high accuracy and operating at velocities up to 20 m/s is equal to

(A) 0.75/ (0.75 + v)

(B) 3/ (3 + v)

(C) 4.5/ (4.5 + v)


(D) 6/ (6 + v)

In designing a key, it is assumed that the distribution of forces along the length of key

(A) Varies linearly

(B) Is uniform throughout

(C) Varies exponentially, being more at the torque-input end

(D) Varies exponentially, being less at the torque-input end

. A spring of stiffness 1000 N/m is stretched initially by 100 mm from the undeformed position. The work required to stretch it by
another 100 mm is

(A) 5 N-m

(B) 7 N-m

(C) 10 N-m

(D) 15 N-m

The draw of cotter should not be more than

(A) 3 mm

(B) 6 mm

(C) 8 mm

(D) 12 mm

In a transverse fillet welded joint, the size of weld is __________ the throat of weld.
(A) 0.5 times

(B) Equal to

(C) 2 times

(D) Doubl

A thin spherical shell of internal diameter d is subjected to an internal pressure p. If Vis the storage capacity of shell, then its
diameter will be

(A) (6V/ )1/2

(B) (6V/ )1/3

(C) (6V/ )2

(D) (6V/ )3

According to Indian standards, a bolt thread of 6 mm size of coarse pitch and with allowance on the threads and normal tolerance
grade is designated as

(A) M6

(B) M8

(C) M6 - 8d

(D) M8 - 6d

A woodruff key is

(A) A tapered key with head at one end


(B) Fitted in pairs at right angles

(C) Capable of tilting in a recess milled out in the shaft

(D) All of the above

The diameter of knuckle pin in a knuckle joint is usually taken as (where d = Diameter of the rod)

(A) 0.5 d

(B) 0.8 d

(C) d

(D) 1.2 d

The groove angle of the pulley for rope drive is usually

(A) 20

(B) 35

(C) 45

(D) 60

The root angle of a bevel gear is equal to

(A) Pitch angle - addendum angle

(B) Pitch angle + addendum angle

(C) Pitch angle - dedendum angle


(D) Pitch angle + dedendum angle

For low and moderate speed engines, the cam follower should move with

(A) Uniform velocity

(B) Simple harmonic motion

(C) Uniform acceleration and retardation

(D) Cycloidal motion

A V-belt designated as B 4430 LP has


(A) 4430 mm as diameter of small pulley

(B) 4430 mm as nominal pitch length

(C) 4430 mm as diameter of large pulley

(D) 4430 mm as centre distance between pulleys

The permissible stress for carbon steel under static loading is generally taken as

(A) 2000-3000 kg/m

(B) 3000-4000 kg/cm

(C) 4000-4500 kg/cm

(D) 7500-10,000 kg/cm

The ultimate strength of steel in tension in comparison to shear is in the ratio of


(A) 1: 1

(B) 2:1
(C) 3: 2

(D) 2: 3

. According to Indian standard specifications, plain carbon steel designated by 40C8 contains carbon

(A) 0.20 to 0.40%

(B) 0.35 to 0.45%

(C) 0.40 to 0.60%

(D) None of these

The lead angle of a worm is 22.5. Its helix angle will be

(A) 22.5

(B) 45

(C) 67.5

(D) 90

4. When a load W is applied suddenly on a bar of cross-sectional area A, the stress induced in the bar will be

(A) W/A

(B) W/2A

(C) 2W/A

(D) 3W/A

When the material of key and shaft is same, and the width of key is one-fourth of the diameter of shaft (d), then length of key will
be
(A) 0.8 d

(B) 1.2 d

(C) 1.57 d

(D) 1.8 d