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CXXXV, 1

1965




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,

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1
IVII
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,


2005
233-242
86.33
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92 () : 3 . / . ., . .,
. . .. ; - .
. : . ., 2 0 0 5 - . ( .
CXXXV / .: .. - (.) .). ISBN 5-
02-018480-2
T.I: . I-VII. 2005. 573 . ISBN 5-02-018479-9 ( .)

, ,
, I . ..

. ( ),
: -
. -
, .

. -
, .
86.33

- 11 .. (., . .,
111 -1-3 i . .), 2005
ISBN 5-02-018480-2 .
ISBN 5-02-018479-9 , 2005
-
1959-1985 .
. . 1959-1985. ., 1986.
,
.

XXXII, 4. . ( ). . IV. . -
, . . ... ., 1986.
XXXII, 5. . ( ). . V. . -
, . . ... ., 1987.
XXXII, 6. . ( ). . VI. . -
, . . ... ., 1992.
XXXII, 7. . ( ). . VII. . -
... . .. ... .
... , 1996.
XXXII, 8. . ( ). . VIII. . -
.. .., . .., ..
.., , ... , 2002.
LXI. . - - ( -
), . I. - - -
(). . ,
., , .. ... .,
1986.
LXX1II, 2. . . 2.
. , ., . . ..--
..-. ., 1990 (Bibliotheca Buddhica.
XXXIV).
LXXII1,3. . . 3.
. , ., . . ..-, ..-
-, ... ., 2004 (Bibliotheca Buddhica. XL).
LXXVI. ( ). . .
... , ... ., 1986.
LXXV1I. . . . -
. ..- ... ,
... ., 1988.
LXXVI1I. , . , .
, ., . ... .,
1987.
LXXIX. - - (
). . . , .
, . . ... ., 1987.
LXXX. . . (). . ,
. . .. ... ., 1987.
LXXXI, 1-4. -
(1149-1169). . , . , -
. . ... 4- .
. 1. . , 1987.
. 2. , . . (. 1-7). ., 1987.
. 3. , . . (. 8-12). ., 1989.
. 4. , ., . (. 13-20). ., 1989.
LXXX11. , (
- ). . , . .
... ., 1987.
LXXXIII. '' - ( ). . , . ,
., . ... , 1993.
LXXXIV. ' ' -. -
- ( -
). . . , , ,
, . ...
., 1988.
LXXXV. . - ( ) -
( ). . , ., .
- . ... ., 1989.
LXXXVI. . ( ). . -
, . . ... ., 1990 (Bibliotheca Buddhica.
XXXV).
LXXXVII. .
. , , , . , . .
... ., 1990.
LXXXV1II. (). . , . .
... , 1989 (Bibliotheca Buddhica. XXXVI).
LXXXIX. . ( ), -
(). . , ,
. ... , 1989.
. -. . ,
. , . . ... ., 1990 (Biblio-
theca Buddhica. XXXVII).
XCI. . . (). . ,
. . .. ... ., 1990.
. - . ('- -
). . , . . ... ., 1990.
XCIV. . -
. ., , ., .,
... ., 1991.
XCV. . (). . . ..-
, . .. ... ., 1992.
XCVI. ' ( ).
. 1208 . . , ., . .
... ., 1990.
XCVII. . . . , . . ..-
. ., 1991.
XCVI1I. '- ( ). . .
, . .. ..-
. . .. ... . .
... ., 1997.
XCIX. . ( ).
1. . . , . . ..-
. ., 1991 (Bibliotheca Buddhica. XXXVIII).
. . (). . ,
., . . ... ., 1992.
. . ., ., -
... ., 1993 (Bibliotheca Buddhica.
XXXIX).
CIV. - -. ( -).
. , . . ... ., 1992.
CV, 1. . ., . . ...
., 1993.
CV, 2. '. . . ,
. . ... ., 1999.
CVI. - -. -
(-' ' ' -'). II. -
. . , . .
... ., 1997.
CVII. - -.
- ( - -
). . , . , . . ...
., 1996.
CIX. (- -).
. , ., . ..-
... ., 1992.
. - . ('-
' -). . , . . ..-
. ., 2000.
CXI. . . . , ,
. ... ., 1993.
. . . . , , , .
. ... ., 1995.
, 1. -
( ). 1. . -
, ., . . ... ., 1997.
, 2. -
( ). 2. . -
, ., . . ... ., 2002.
CXIV. . (- -
). () . -
... ., 1997.
CXV. (). . . -
, ., ., ... ., 1998.
CXVI. XIII-XIVBB. no -
. . 4. . .., ..,
.. ... . ..-
. .. ...
., 2002.
CXVI1. . . -
, . , , ., .
... ., 2000.
CXVIII. -. . . , .,
., . ... ., 1999.
. ( -
-). . , . . .,
..
CXXI. [ ]. .
, , . ..-
. ... , ., . -
. ... , 2002.
. (). . .
.. .., , .
. .., . ... ., 2002.
. (- -). . ,
. . ... ., 2001.
CXXIV. ( ). . , .
. ... ., 2001.
CXXV, 1. . ( ). . I. . -
, . . ... ., 2001.
CXXV, 2. . ( ). . II. . -
, . . ... ., 2001.
CXXVI. . (-
) . .,
, . . ... ., 2001.
, 1. (
). 8- . . 1. . .., ...
., , , . . .., ..-
.., .., ... .,
2002.
CXXXI. -. . ( ). .
, ., . . ... ., 2001.
. . . -
(). . . -
... , ., ,
. .., ... ., 2003.
CXXXIV. .
(). ( ). .
, ., . . ... ., 2004.

I, 3. . . . . ,
., , , ., . . ..
... ., 2002.



... 22

().

I
. .
1. < > 90 376
2. < > 90 377
3. < > 91 377
4. < > 92 378
5. < > 93 378
6. < > 93 378
7. < > 94 379
8. <
> 95 379
9. < > : 95 379
10. < > 96 380
11. < > 96 380
12. < , > 97 381
13. < > 98 381
14. <, > 98 382
15. < > 99 382
16. < > 99 382
17. < > 100 383
18. < > , 101 383
19. < > 101 384
20. < > 102 384
21. < > 102 384
22. < > 103 385
23. < > 103 385
24. < > 104 385
25. < -> 105 386
26. < > 105 386
27. < > 106 387

10

.
28. < , , > 106 387
29. < > 107 387
30. < > 108 388
31. < - > 108 388
32. < > 109 388
33. < > 109 389
34. < > 389
35. < > 111 390

II
1. <> 112 390
2. < > 112 391
3. < > 113 392
4. < > 114 392
5. < > 115 393
6. < > 116 393
7. < > 116 394
8. < -> 117 394
9. <
> 118 395
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11. < -> 120 396
12. < , > 121 396
13. < > 122 397
14. < > 122 397
15. < > 123 398
16. < > 124 398
17. < > 124 398
18. < > 125 399
19. < > 125 399
20. < > , 125 399
21. < > 126 399
22. < > 126 399
23. < > 127 399
24. < > 127 400
25. < > 128 400
26. < > 129 401
27. < > 129 401
28. < > 130 402
29. < > 131 402

11

. '
30. < > 132 403
31. < > 133 403
32. < > 133 404
33. < > 134 404
34. < > 135 405
35. <
> 136 406
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III
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5. < > 142 409
6. < > 143 409
7. < > 144 410
8. < > 145 410
9. < > 146 411
10. < > 147 412
11. < , > 149 413
12. < > 150 413
13. < > 151 414
14. < > 152 415
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16. < > 154 416
17. < > 155 416
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20. < > 158 419
21. < >.... 159 419
22. < > 161 420
23. < > 161 421
24. < > 162 421
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27. < > 165 423
28. < ,
> 166 423
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12

. .
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IV
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4. < > 174 428
5. < > 175 428
6. < > 176 429
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9. < > 179 431
10. < > 180 432
11.<> 181 432
12. < > 183 433
13. < > 184 434
14. <
> 185 435
15. <> 186 435
16. < > 188 436
17. < > 189 437
18. < > 190 438
19. < > 191 438
20. < -> 192 439
21. < > 194 439
22. < > 195 440
23. < > 196 441
24. < > 197 441
25. < > 198 441
26. < --3> 199 442
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34. < > 206 447
35. < > 207 448

13

. .
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39. < > 212 451
40. < > 214 452

V
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2. < > 217 454
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5. < > 221 456
6. < -(?)> 222 456
7. < > 224 457
8. < > 225 458
9. < > 226 458
10. < > 227 459
11. < > 228 459
12. <-> 230 460
13. < > 231 461
14. < > 232 462
15. < > 234 462
16. < > 235 463
17. <> 236 463
18. < > 238 464
19. < > 240 465
20. < > 242 466
21. < > 244 466
22. < -> 246 467
23. < > 247 469
24. < > 249 469
25. < > 251 470
26. < > 253 471
27. <-> 254 472
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29. < > 257 473
30. < > 259 474
31. < > 261 475

14

VI
. -
1. < > 264 475
2. < > 264 476
3. < > 265 476
4. < > 265 477
5. < > 266 477
6. < > 266 477
7. < > 266 478
8. < > 267 478
9. < > 267 478
10. < > 268 478
11. < > 268 479
12. < > 268 479
13. < > 269 479
14. < > 269 480
15. < -> 270 480
16. <> 270 480
17. < > 271 481
18. < > 271 482
19. < > 272 482
20. < -> 272 482
21. < > 273 483
22. < > 273 483
23. < > 273 483
24. < > 274 484
25. < > 274 484
26. < > 275 484
27. < , > 275 485
28. < , > 276 485
29. < , > 276 485
30. < > 276 486
31. < > 277 486
32. < > 277 487
33. < > : 278 487
34. < > 278 487
35. < > 279 488
36. < > 279 488
37. < > 279 488
38. < > 280 489
39. <> 280 489

15

.
40. < > 281 489
41. < > 281 489
42. < > 282 490
43. < > 282 490
44. < > 283 490
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46. < > 284 491
47. < > 284 492
48. < > 284 492
49. < > 285 492
50. < > 285 493
51. < > 286 493
52. < > 286 493
53. < > 286 493
54. < ^ 287 494
55. < , , > 287 494
56. < > 288 494
57. < > 288 495
58. < > 289 495
59. < > 289 495
60. < > 290 496
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63. < > 291 497
64. < > 291 497
65. < > 292 497
66. < > 292 498
67. < > 293 498
68. < 293 498
69. < > 294 498
70. < > 294 499
71. < > 295 499
72. < > 295 499
73. < > 296 500
74. < 296 500
75. < > 297 501
76. < > 297 501
77. < > 298 501
78. < > 298 502
79. < > 298 502

16

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88. < > 303 505
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90. < > 303 505
91. < > 304 505
92. < > 304 506
93. < > 305 506
94.< > 305 506
95. < > 306 506
96. < > 306 507
97. < > 307 507
98. < > 307 507
99. < > 307 507
100. < > 308 508
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102. < > 309 508
103. < , > 309 508
104. < , > 310 509
105. < > 310 509
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108. < > 312 510
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>... 314 511
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.
119. < > 317 514
120. < > 317 514
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122. < > 318 515
123. < > 319 515
124. < > 320 516
125. < > 320 516
126. < > 320 516
127. < > 321 517
128. < > 321 517
129. < > 322 517
130. < > 322 518
131. < > 323 518
132. < > 323 518
133. < > 324 519
134. < > .... 325 519
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136. < > 326 519
137. < 326 520
138. <, > 326 520
139. < > 327 520
140. < ,
> 328 521
141. < > 328 521
142. < > 329 521
VII
1. < > 330 522
2. <> 330 522
3. < > 330 522
4. < > 330 522
5. <> 331 523
6. <> 331 523
7. <> 332 523
8. <> 332 524
9. <> 332 524
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11. < > 333 525
12. < > 333 525
13. < > 333 525

18

.
14. < > 334 525
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21. < > 336 527
22. < > 337 527
23. < > 337 528
24. < > 338 528
25. < > 338 528
26. < > 338 528
27. <> 338 528
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29. < > 339 529
30. < --> 340 529
31. < > 340 530
32. < > 340 530
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34. < > 341 530
35. < > 341 530
36. < > 341 531
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46. < > 344 533
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48. < > 344 534
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50. < > 345 534
51. < > 346 535
52. < > 346 535
53. < > 347 536

19

. '
54. < 347 536
55. < > 348 536
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62. < > 351 539
63. < > 352 540
64. < > 352 540
65. < > 352 540
66. < > 353 540
67. < > 353 541
68. < > 353 541
69. < > 354 541
70. < > 354 541
71. < > 354 542
72. < > 354 542
73. < > 354 542
74. < > 355 542
75. < > 355 543
76. < > 356 543
77. < > 356 543
78. < > 357 544
79. <> 358 545
80. < > 358 545
81. < > 359 545
82. < > 359 546
83. < > 360 546
84. < > 360 546
85. < > 360 547
86. < > 361 547
87. < > 362 548
88. < > 363 548
89. < > 363 549
90. < > 364 549
91.<> 364 549
92. < > 364 549
93. < > 364 549

20

. '
94. < > 364 550
95. < , > 365 550
96. < > 365 551
97. < > 366 551
98. <> 366 551
99. < > 366 551
100. < > 366 551
101. < > 367 552
102. < > 367 552
103. < > 368 553
104. < > 368 553
105. < > 368 553
106. < , > 368 553
107. < > 369 553
108. < > 369 553
109. < > 369 554
. < > 369 554
111. < > 369 554
112. < > 370 554
113. < > 370 554
114. < > 370 555
115. < > 371 556
116. < > 371 556
117. < > 372 557
118. < > 372 557
119. <> 372 557
120. < > 373 557
121. < > 373 558
122. < > 373 558
123. < > 374 558

375
559

560
566
, .... 567

Summary 570
*

.
(yeda ; . . , )
:
, , , -
, . -
: (rgveda ), -
(yajurveda ), (samaveda
) (atharvaveda ,
[ ] ). -
( ), -
II ..1
.
( ) -
,
.
, -
, . -
, -
,
, .
, -
-
. , ,
-
.

* : -
. . ., . , . ... ., 1976
.
1
, . -
: . -
IIV. ... . 2-, . ., 1999
( ).

22

.
( -
,
), : -
, , ,
, , ,
,
.. .
(
). -
, -
I ..2.
-

. : -
-
,
.
. -

, , -
. ,
-
. -
-
.
, ,
, - -
II .., -
.
-
,
, -
( ; . )
3
.

2
. , ,
, : Witzel M. Tracing the Vedic Dialects.
Dialects dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Ed. par Caillat. P., 1989, 250.
3
.: Witzel M. On the Localization of Vedic Texts and
Schools. India and the Ancient World. Ed. G. Pollet. Leuven, 1987, 173-213;

23

, 4.
-
{dtharvan . . -
, . . , ).
:
, . -
. ,

(soma) 5,
(amrtd).
(srautd).
, -
, -
.
igrhya), .. , -
. -

XX,
, . , -

.

. The Development of the Vedic Canon and its Schools: the Social and Political
Milieu. Inside the Texts, beyond the Texts. Cambridge, Mass., 1997 (HOS. Opera
Minora. Vol. 2), 257-345; . Die sprachliche Situation Nordindiens in vedischer
Zeit. Indoarisch, Iranisch und die Indogermanistik. Hrsg. B. Forssman und R. Plath.
Wiesbaden, 2000, 543-579.
4
. : Hymns of the Atharva-Veda.
Transl. by M. Bloomfield. Delhi-Patna-Varanasi, 1973 (1 s t ed.: Oxf, 1897), XVII-
XXVIII.
5
- somalhaoma -
.
, :
FalkH. Soma I and II. BSOAS. 1989, vol. LII, 77-90. -
.
. .. 1968 . (WassonR.G.
Soma: Divine Mushroom of Immortality. N. Y.). -

. .: .. . . -
IX-X. ., 1999 ( ), . 323-353. ,
, ; .: Thompson G. The Question of
Soma: Some New Considerations. The Vedas: Texts, Language and Ritual. 3 rd Inter-
national Vedic Workshop. Leiden, May 30 June 2. 2002. Book of Abstracts, 48-49.

24


( ). -
(atharvaiigirasa) ,
: {aflgiras
, -, -
ailgirasa -
). , -

. (,
) , (-
, ) .
,
, , -
.
: {bhrgvatigirasa; bhrgu -
, )
(brahmaveda; brahman , -
). ,
, .
,
.
, -
-
, . -

6.
-
. -
(-
, ,
,
..), -
(, ,
..). -
. ,

6
., -
: Le monde du sorcier. P., 1966 (Sources orientates. VII). -
.: TiirstigH.G. The Indian Sorcery Called abhicara.
WZKSA. 1985, Bd. 29, 69-117.

25

, -
.
, ,
,
-,
, .
- -
, -
,
. , , , ,
, , , ,
.
-
, , -
, (,
, , ), -
( ) -
.
,
. -
.
, -
7
. -
,
, .. -
8
. ( ) -
. -
-
, -
9
.
10
, , -
-
( -).
7
.: Renou L. Histoire de la langue sanskrite. Lyon-Paris, 1956, 32-33.
1
.: Witzel M. Die sprachliche Situation Nordindiens in vedischer Zeit, 567.
9
.: BloomfleUM., EdgertonF. Vedic Variants. Vol. IIII. Philadelphia, 1930-1934.
10
, , .: Winternitz M. Geschichte der indi-
schen Litteratur. . 1. Lpz., 1905, . 107 .; . : MyliusK. Das geographische
Milieu der mittelvedischen Literatur. Mitteilungen des Instituts fur Orientforschung.
1972, Bd. XVII, 3, 369-382.

26

( - ). ,
.
( ).
, ,
, . -
, dyas- , .
(syamdm dyas )
(lohitam dyas ).
.
. -
" (-
, -
..).
.,
, . -
, . -
,
. , -

.

. ( ) -
, -
'/
( , ).
( ) . -

,
, .
-
, , ,
-
12
, , , . -

'' , ..
, .
, -
. . mantra,
.
12
., : Macdonell A.A. Vedic Mythology. Strassburg, 1897, . 4.

27

, .
, , -
,

13. , -
. -
,
(samhita). -
, . , -
V . .., .. -
, ,
.
,
.
, -
. -
trayi vidya , ..
, -
.
.
, ,
.
, --
: {hotar), ,
, (udgatar), , ,
{adhvaryu), (,
), -
(purohita) -
(brahman)1* .
,
,
.
, , -
,
13
. ,
; .:
Bloomfield M. The Atharvaveda. Strassburg, 1899 (Grundriss der Indo-Arischen Philolo-
gie und Altertumskunde), 50 .
14
.: -
rambelkar V. W. Brahman and Purohita. IHQ. 1950, XXVI, 4, . 293-300.

28

-
.
, , -

: ,
.

.
.
, , ,
,
: 15.
, -
.
,
. -
, ,
, ,
(yratyaf , -
XV . ,
, ..
, , ,
(
,
), -
. ,
, ,
-,
, -
, 17.
{yratyastoma)
, , , -
, ,

15
.: Bloomfield , The Atharvaveda, . 2 .; . On the Relative Chronol-
ogy of the Vedic Hymns. JAOS. 1900, vol. XXI, 42-49.
16
.: Choudhary R.K. Vratyas in Ancient India. Varanasi, 1964.
17
-
, , , ; .:
Agrawala V.S. India as Known to Panini. 2nd ed. Varanasi, 1963, 442-444.

29

. -
.
, ,
, -
, ,
, , ,
. -

. -
-
.
( -
) , ,

.
, ,
-
.
, ,
-
. , . -
, -
18.
.19.
.,

20. , ( -
, ) -
. -
, -
( ),
. -


: -

" Heesterman J.C. Vratya and Sacrifice. . 1962, vol. 6, . 1-37.


" Horsch P. Die vedische Gatha- und Sloka-Literatur. Bern, 1966, 408-409, 419.
20
FalkH. Bruderschaft und WQrfelspiel. Untersuchungen zur Entwicklungsgeschihte
des vedischen Opfers. Freiberg, 1986 (Die VrStyas, 13-72).

30

, -
. -

(yratyastoma).

,
. -
,
,
, -
21 .
: {Saunaka),
(saunakiya saunaka), -
(paippalada pippaladi), -
,
(, , -
sakha); , .
. , .-
22. -
XVII . (
-
, , )
, -, -
. -

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,
.
, , -
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,
. , XVI ., -
, ,
, . -
, -
-
25. 20 ,
, , 6500 .
,
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-
, - 26. -
:
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, -
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. ,
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, . -
,
.
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,
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27.
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-
.
, -
8 . -
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-
.
,
.
,
29
- .
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.
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: ,
, , -
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-
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31 .
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31 : , , 32 -

30
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32
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. . , . . ... ., 1967 (
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34

, . -
{vedanta
).

(sruti , ), .. ,
- (rsi).
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) ,
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33 .
-,

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.
-

33
(Bloomfwld M. The Atharvaveda,
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-
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36
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34
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(pratisakhya),
, , -
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38

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39
. -
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, . .: LanmanCh.R.HOS. 1905, vol. VII,
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39

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: 35, 36, 31, 40, 31, 142, 123.
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VIIIXI
XVI, XII -
XVII.

40
: Insler St. On the Recensions of the
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40

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41

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42

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. I-IV, . 531-537.

43

. -
:
yam te rudra isum asyad
dngebhyo hfdaydya ca
iddm tarn adyd tvdd vaydm
visuclm vi vrhamasi.
8- (gdyatri), -
. 5-
. ,
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12- 4- 5- :
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11 - (tristubh), a
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.
:
varcasa mam pitdrah somydso
dnjantu deva mddhund ghrtena
cdksuse mapratardm tardyanto
jardse mdjarddastim vardhantu.
:
udlraya pitdrajard a bhdgam
iyaksati haryato hrttd isyati
vivakti vdhnih svapasydte makhds
tavisydte dsuro vepate matt.
,
,
.
, -
,
, -
. , -
bhurij
nicrt

44

.
- -
,
III, 29, 7, uparistaddaivibrhatT
kakummatigarbha viradjagatv.
.

(
-
,
),
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45

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42
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., : Jacques . Le monde du sorcier en Inde. Le monde du
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,
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) ,

, .
-
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45
.: Levi-Strauss . La pensee sauvage. P., 1962, Mytho-
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, (XII, 1),
-
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48
.: ..
. . ., 1964, . 95-104.

48

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49

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50

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51

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52

, (ingida);
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. : Henry V. La magie dans l'Inde antique, 222.


51
.: SchayerS. Die Struktur, . 38 .

53

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54

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.

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, (bhaisajyani);
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,
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-
- . ,
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,
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), , (nirrti ,
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.

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59
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-
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60
.. .

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-, , ,
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58

). ,
.

61.
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.
(
,
, ).
,
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, .
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: , . -
,
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, .
(kilasa) . -
, (hariman), (jalodara),
(hrdyota), (viskandha, samskandha),
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" . : Zimmer H. Altindisches Leben. ., 1879, . 399.


64
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(..
), .
110 : -
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61

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63

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, 66 .
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140
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141
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142
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143
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144
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145
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146
III

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149
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150
III

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III, 13. < >

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151
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152
III

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153
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154
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III, 17. < >

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155
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156
III

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157
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158
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>

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159
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160
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III, 22. <K >

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162
III

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163
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164
III

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III, 27. < >

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165
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>

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166
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167
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168
III

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169
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IV, 1. <>

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171
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172
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173
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174
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186
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188
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190
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196
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206
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208
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212
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5 , , , -
!

6 , , -
, , !

367
()

7 ! , , ! , -
. , , , !

8 , ()
! ! !
! () !

VII, 103. < >

1 , ,
() , () ,
, -.
!

VII, 104. < >

1 () , ,
, !
, .
() .

VII, 105. < >

1 ,
, .
() ().
( ) , .

VII, 106. < , >

1
,
,
.

368
VII

VII, 107. < >

1 --,
, ,
, .
!

VII, 108. < >

1 , ,
:
?
?

VII, 109. < >

1 , ,
()
,
, , ?

VII, 110. < >

1 () ,
,

() !

VII, 111. < >

1 -, ,
(), ,
, !
, () , !

369
()

VII, 112. < >

1

, .
.

VII, 113. < >

1 , ,
, , , ,
(?)!
, , , !

2 , ,
, ,
- ,
, !

VII, 114. < >

1 () , ,
.
.
()!

2 , () ,
, !
,
.

3
.
!
-!

4 !
!

370
VII

(),
!

5 ,
() ,
, ,
!

6 .
(), :
.
, , !
!

7 , , ,
,
,
()!

VII, 115. < >

1 ! ()

.

2 ,
,
, ,
, .

3
.
,
, ()!

VII, 116. < >

1 , ,
, .

371
()

, () ,
( ), ,
!

VII, 117. < >

1 --,
, .
, .
!

2 , ,
, ,

() !

VII, 118. < >

1 ! !
, !

, !

2 , .
, (?) .
,
!

VII, 119. < >

1 ,
,

!

2 ,
() , () !

372
VII

!
!

VII, 120. < >

1 , ,
, !

().

2 () , () ,
, ,
, ,
, !

3 () ,
.
,
, !

4 ,
, .
,
() , !

VII, 121. < >

1 , ,
, .
, !

2 , ( , ) (),
, , !

VII, 122. < >

1 , ,
, !

373
()

() , !
!

VII, 123. < >

1 .
- !
() !
, !

.

, .
, -
.

(kdndam). , -
; , .
book.
-
.

1,1
. , -
: , -
, .
: . ., . 59, 333.
: , 4 .
1 ... (trisaptah)...
: 3 7.
, , .
1 ... (vacdspdtlf)... (
, .),
, .
lc-d () (tamo)... . pi. tanu-. -
. ; .:
Pinault, 2001, . 181-206.
2 (vdsospate)... ,
vacdspdti-, . -
vdsupati-; . I, 9, 9:
vasor... vasupatim . Vdsupati -
, .
2d ... (srutdm)\ , .
, , -

376
!

. (smrtd-),
, . -
what is heard.

1,2
.
,
, , 4
, , -
. ,
, .
: , 3 .
1 ... (sardsya)... sard- -
, ( Saccharum Sara, )
, .
2 (j'ydke)... -, -
. ... (pdri no )...
pdri - , , .
: bend about us.
2 (drdti-)... ,
.. . -
.
... (gavah)... , . -
, :
, , .
(drcanti)... :
.
... () (sdrum... didyum)... .
4 ... (?) (tejanam)... , ,
. the bamboo (?).
: Rohrstab (zum Anmessen, RV 1, 110, 5); Pfeilschaft,
Bambus, od. ahnl (EWA, Bd. I, c. 669).
4c ... (asravdm)l .-. , -
.
4d ...() (/-)... Saccharum Sara;
, ; .

1,3

. -
, , . -
(sard-) , -, .
(9, 4).
: . ., . 68-69, 336.

377

: 1-5 , 6-9 .
1 ...! -
bal.
6 (?) (gavlnyor)... . . -
. : the (two) groins (?); : in thy
canals (Bloomfield, 1973, . 10); : in the two gavlnl ureters?
(Zysk, 1985, 70).
6b ... (sdmsrutam)...
sdmsritam.
8a (visitant)... , .

1,4
-

, .
-
, .
: , 4 .
I, 23, 16-18,
( -b) 1,23,19-.
la- ... ... , -
. : adhvabhir-
adhvariyatam.
4c-d ... (...dsva bhdvatha vajino)... :
(N. pi.) , .
: ye become vigorous horses, ye become vigorous kine.
-,
- -.

1,5

(. . I, 4)
. 1-3 = X,
9, 1-3; 4 = X, 9, 5. I, 4, -
, .
: .
2 .. . (rasa)... , .
.. . (jinvatha)... , , .

1,6

,
. 1 = X, 9,4; 2 = X, 9, 6; 3 =
X, 9, 7.

378
I

: . ., . 280, 385.
: , 4 .
. (prnlta)... , .
...... ! .

1,7
.
.
: . ., . 284, 386.
: , 5 .
1 ( vaha)... ,
-
. ... (stuvandm)... -
stu- ( ). -
.
1 (yatudhanarri)... -
, , .
2 ... (tauld-)...
taila-, , tul- ,
.
4c-d ... ...
,
.

1,8
, .
: , 4 .
2 ... (stuvana-)... . . I, 7, 1.
(HI... pataya)... , , .
3d ... (paramdksy utavaram)... -
- dvara- . : the upper eye and the
lower; : the father and the nearer eye (Bloomfield, 1973,
65).
4c ... (brdhmana)... .

1,9
. -

, .
: . ., . 198, 365.
: .
1 ...{) ... (ydsu vdsavo)...
.

379

1 ... (uttarasmin jyotisi)) .


, ,
.
2 , (suryo agnir)... : ,
.
2 ... {asmad adhare)\
4 asmad.
2d ... .
3d (sajatdnam sraisthya a dhehy enam)... :
!

1,10
-,
, ,
.
: 1-2 , 34 .
1 .. .... .
1 ... (sdsadana[h])... Part. med. intens. sad-
, , . ,
, .
2 ... () (prd suvami)...
.
2d .. . ] .
-b ... ...
, .
4- ... (yaisvanaradarnavan mahatas
part). . .
: I release thee from Vaisvanara (Agni) (Bloomfield, 1973,
12), .. , .
4 ... , -
, , :
.

1,11
-, -
, .
: . ., . 227-228, 373.
: 1 (9+10; 10+11), 2 - 3 ,
4-6 .
1 ! (vdsat) . .
1b .. . . .
1 (sisratani)...
sisrtam.

380
!

2 ... -b c-d,
: Four directions has the heaven, and also four the earth: (from
these) the gods created the embryo (Bloomfield, 1973, 99).
2d ... {tarn)... To . -
tarn, .. .
(susa)... . -,
, (su- ), , -
-; .: EWA, Bd. II, . 714.
... (susane)\ , susdn-. -
, . . , .
3d ... (biskale)\ . -, . .
, . -
(Kuiper, 1991, . 55).
5 ... (?) (gavinike)...
. . . gavlnyor I, 3, 6.

1,12
-, ,
,
, .
, , , ,
, .
: , 4 .
1 ...... (jardyujah)... -
, . (jardyu-)
,
.
Id ... (tredha vicakrame)\
.
-b ... ... (... kasd enam... avivesd yd...)
. Kds . ., yah
.
4- ... ()... (pdrasmaigatraya... dvaraya)\
. .

1,13
, -, , -
,
.
,
(
).
: . ., . 157, 355.
: 1-2 , 3 , 4
.

381

1 ... (dsmane)... , , ,
.
2 ... (nas tanubhyo)\ , , tanu- -
.
3d ... (samudre antaf)... ,
.
4 ... (yiddthe)] , -
; .: Kuiper F.B.J. Indologica Taurinensia.
1975,2, . 129 .; . 1979,21, . 273 .

1,14
- .
: . ., . 167-168, 359.
: .
1 ... (bhdgam)...
vulva.
Id ... (pitrsv-)l pitdr- ..
, , . -
. . , -
, .
3d ... {a sirsndh samopyat).
samopyat . . -
sama-up-ya-t 3 sg. opt. act. vap-
, ( vap- -
sam-a-). , : (-
) , .. .
4a-b Acuma (asita-), (kasydpa-), (gdya-). -
.
4d ... (bhdgam)... . . 1.

1,15
, , -
, , ,
, , -
. (sdm
sru-).
: . ., . 200, 366.
: , 2 .
2 ()... . , ,
.

1,16
-. -
.

382
I

: . ., . 99-100, 343-344.
: .
1 {agnis turiyo)... . -
. ,
, -
(.. ), ,
, . , -
.
... (yiskandha-)... - . -
, (yiskandha-
), . ,
(Zysk, 1985, . 55).

1,17
, -, ,
.
, 4 , -
.
: . ., . 69-70, 336.
: , 4 .
1 ... (abhratara iva jamdyas)...
, , ( -
), , , -
.
-b ...... (dhamdriindm... hirandm)...
dhamdni- , a hird- .
, . : tubes
veins.
4 = 1,191,6.

1,18
-, ,
, -
.
: . ., . 149-150, 353.
, , ,
4.
1 ... (laksmydm lalamyam)... -
.
. sg. ,
( Idksman- laldma-).
lb .. . (ardtim). ,
lc-d ... (atha yd bhadrd tdni nah\prajayd ardtim
naydmasi). .

383

: Then, whatever things are excellent, those we lead


together (?) for our progeny.
2a ... (dranirn)... . . drana- ,
. : the trouble (?).
... , (to atmdni tanvam)... -
.
4 ... , -
.

1,19

. -
.
: . ., . 129, 349.
: , 3 .
2 (ddivir manusyesavo)... .
. -
: Ye divine and ye human arrows (Bloomfield,
1973, 120), , , .
4c-d =PBVI, 75,19c-d.

1,20
,
. , 1
.
: , 1 .
1 ...() (ddarasrd...)... ,
. , .. ,
.
... (vi mahdc chdrmayaccha)\ . -
, ~ !
-d =I,21,4c-d.
4a,c-d = P B X , 152, la,c-d.

1,21
,
. X, 152 -
.
: .
1 , () (vimrdho)... N. sg.
--, . 2, 3 -
- vi (vijahi ) . pi. mirdh-
, (vi mrdho jahi).
4c-d = 1,20, 3c-d.

384
!

1,22


. , -
,
(, .) --
.
(I, 50).
: . ., . 66-67, 336.
: .
1 ... (hrddyota-)... : chest-pain
(Zysk, 1985,c.31).
1 ... (rohitasya)...
; .
2 ...... {)... 2- 3-
; .: , 1999, . 175 .
(), - (yd rohinlr devatya(h))...
-. . -
: The cows whose divinity is RohinI (Bloomfield, 1973,
7). , , .
. (vdyovayas)... . :
in (their) every nourishment (Zyck, 1985, . 31).
4 = I, 50, 12; .
4b-c (ropanaka-) (haridrava-). , -
, , .

1,23

-
(svetakustha) ,
. , haridra Curcuma
longa. -
: , .
: .
1 , (rajani rajaya)... .
Id ... (palitdm)1. , . : pale.
4 ... .

1,24

. . I, 23.
: . ., . 60, 333.
: , 2 .
1b ... .
1 . . .
.

13. 385

Id ( cakre vdnaspdtm)... -
; kar- med. N., .
. : gave the trees
their appearance (Zysk, 1985, c. 82).
2e (sdrupa-). : ,
, .
, .
4d .. . (puna rupani kalpayd)... . .
.

1,25

,
.
-, -
, . ,
: , , , , .
takmdn- ,
; .: Zysk, 1985, . 34 .
: , 4 .
1 ... (... pravisya)...
N. . ,
, ; . X, 51 52.
2 ... (?) (sakalyesiyddi va tejanitram)...
. : sakalyesin Adj. dem Span
nachgehend, so v.a. glimmend. : or if thy birth-place
seeks the shavings (?). - -
.
2 (hrudu-)... .

dr I d . . hrudru, hrudu- . hudu- -
. .: Kuiper, 1991, . 72.
...... (soko... abhisoko)...
sue- .

1,26
, , -
( ).
, .
: .
2 (rati-). , , . -
.
4 (susuddta)... .

386
!

1,27
, -
.
: . ., . 141, 351.
: , 1 .
1 .. . (amuh... prdakvas)... .
2 ... . -
, (sena- f.) ,
.
., () (venor ddga ivabhito)... :
like the sprouts (? ddga) of a bamboo (venu) round about.
4b ... (prnato grharif. ;
grhd- . . . .
4 (indrani-). .
.

1,28

, .
-
.
: . ., . 100, 344.
: , 4 .
1-2 (dahari)... (prdti daha)...
(sdm daha)...
dah- .
3 =IV, 17, 3.
() ( adadhe)...
- mula-.
4b ... (naptyam)[ napti- -
.

1,29
,
. , -
( ).
- , -
; , -
.
. X, 174 (
).
: . ., . 234-235, 374.
: .
1 (abhivartena)... .

13* 387

5a-b ... , -
, , X, 159, 1-.

1,30

.
, -
. -
.
: .
1 ...... (sdnabhir utd vanydnabhir...)...
, () ... (-
) .
3d ... ! , -
.
4 .. . ... .
4d ... (satrasddah)... Satrd
sattrd-,
,
.

1,31
, - , -
: , ,
, .
: , 3-4 .
1 (asanam asapalebhyas...)...
: - ( -
) (G. pi.). 2.
2c-d ... (nirrtyahpasebhyo)... , , -
.
(yd... turiyo devd)... ,
. : [any] one of the four.
4b ... (Jdgate)... jdgat- (, ga-
, ) . -
( ) ,
(sthatdr- , stha- ). ,
, ; , ,
.

1,32
. .
. -
, . -
, -, .

388
!

: -
, .
: .
1 ... () (iddm janaso viddtha).
viddtha . iv.
vidata : Now, ye people, take knowledge.
lb (mahad brdhma vadisyati)...
; .
vadisyate .
1 (nd tat)...
brahman-.
2 ... (asam sthama)... ..
, .
2d ... . -
; . X, 129, 7.
-b (ad rodasi rejamane \ bhumisca nirataksam)... -
.
dtaksatam; , dtaksan.
4a-b (yisvam anyam abhlvaram \ tad anydsyam ddhi
sritam)... . . 4
: The one hath covered all.

1,33
: ,
, ,
, , .
: . ., . 280-181, 355.
: .
2- .. ... ; -
, ,
.. .
... (bahudha bhdvanti)... bahudha -
, , .
4 (), (ghrtascutah)... (ghrtd-) -
, , .

1,34


(. 4). mddhu- ; .
: . ., . 172-173, 360.
: .
2 ... (madhulakam)... ,
. : honeyedness.

389

4b ... (madughat). , -
. madugha-
madhu-dugha- (PB) ; .: KEWA, Bd. II, . 569.

1,35

,
.
: , 4 .
1 (satdnika-). Nom. pr. . ,
.
lc-d ... (ayuse)... (dirghayutvaya)...
ayus- -; -
(.. ).
.. . (indra ivendriyanyddhi).
.
3d ... (ddksamdnd). : being capable. -
daks- , -
.
4 , (samanam mdsam rtubhis...)...
rtu- , , . :
With seasons of summers (? sdma)v>.

II

.
II
.: Zehnder, 1999.
II -
; ,
.

11,1

.
(vend- , , , ; .
, ). X, 123, -
,
.
- -
.
: Renou, 1956, . 133-134.
: , 3 .

390
II

lb ... (). , -
-
.
lc-d ... () (iddmprsnir aduhajjdyamdnah \ svarvido
abhyanusata vrah). jayamanah . pi. f.
(Zehnder, 1999, . 34).
(Dandekar, 1965, . 24-29).
: this the spotted one milked (when) born
jayamana. vrah: qui
conquirent le ciel, en naissant ont crie (de joie) (Renou, 1956, 141).
Id ... (vrah)... . -
: troops. ., ., -
die lockenden Weibchen (Zehnder, 1999, . 34), -
les femelles, , -
(Renou, 1956, . 258).
2 ... (paramdm guha). : -
. -
. . I, 164, 45, ,
.
2d .. . (pitus pita). -
(Renou, 1956, . 258).
... (bdndhur...). -
. : X, 129, 4
(sat-) - (dsat-).
.. . ( devanam namadhd eka evd)...
, , ,
, ; .: , 1964, . 85-94.
c-d X, 82,
-d. : who of the gods is the sole nomenclator
.
4d (?) (dhasyur esd). - -
dhasyu-. : eager (?) is he;
: qui recoit l'hommage (Renou, 1956, . 141).
5b .. . (tdntum vitatam)...
, .

,2
-
. , -
, , .
. -
: , - -
.
-, ,
.

391

: , 4 .
1 ... (yaumi brdhmana)...
- (
). : I ban.
2 () (divi sprsto)...
spars-
. sprasta.
2b (avayata hdraso ddivyasya)...
, ; .: Kuiper, 1996, . 225-255.
... (anavadyabhih... abhir...)... -
.
4 (visvdvasu-). , ; . .
.
5 ... (tdmislcayo)... . -
tdmas- . : etwa ver-
dunkelnd, verfinsternd, Finsternis (EWA, Bd. I, c. 626-627).

11,3
(asravd-): , ,
. .
: . ., . 70, 336.
: , 6 (3 : 12+12+14 ).
1 (avatkdm)... ,
tak- , (EWA, Bd. I, . 131).
avatd- .
: aiding (?) av- .
2 ... (te)... , -
: ().
4 (upajfka[h])...
.
6 ... -
.

,4
-

(Ja/igidd-). . -
(.: Kuiper,
1991, . 27-28). ,
, .
: , 1 11+11:8+8.
1 ... (ddksamanah)... p. pr. med. daks-
, , .
1 . . . I, 16, 3.

392
11

2 (jambhad visarad)...
. II, 11, 2
(Zehnder, 1999, . 46).
3 ...... (viskandham... atrinah).
.
5 ... (sand-)... -, -
, .
6 .. . (aratidusih). Arati . . I, 2, 2.
, , .

11,5

, , -
. , -

. , ,
( ).
5-7 = I, 32, 1-3.
1 ... () (piba sutdsya materihd)...
: mate-ihd, mate Voc. mati -
. -
.
Id ... (carur mddayd)\ , -
.
2- ... (navyo nd)... (divo nd)...
(svdr )... ,
.
...... (vrtrdm yd jaghdna yatir nd)...
. pi. f , : yatin . pi. .
,
. . -
: Jamison, 1991, pt I.
... (bhrgur nd)... ,
.
4 ... (kuksfy. . du.: .
(viddhi)... iv.
vis- (Zehnder, 1999, . 38).
4d ... (svayugbhir)... : with self-har-
nessed [steeds].

11,6
, -
.
: ( 4, 5 ).
1 .. . (sdmas)... : the summers.

393

2 (sdm ca-idhydsva)... iv. med. -


: .
3d .. . (brahmanas)... . .
4 ... (sajatanam madhyamesta[h])... -
,
, , .
5 ... (niho)... nido. ...-
(srdho)... sridho.

11,7

,
. , -
.
: . ., . 145, 352.
: , 4 8+8:7+10.
2 ... (sapatndh)... Adj. -
.
2 ... (jamydh)... jami- ,
.
2 ... ... . .
-b ... - -
.
4c-d ... (dratir)... (abhimatayah)\ -
: ... .
5 () (cdksurmantrasya)... ,
-.

11,8
(ksetriyd- , -
). , , ..
, . -
, ,
(Zysk, 1985, . 20). -
.
: , 3 5 ().
1 (yicrtau vi crt- ).
. ,
.
lc-d ' ... \
(, ) ,
.
2- ... () (apeydm ratry uchatv dpochantv
abhikrtvanh)... vas-, uchdti
. -

394
II

. : Let this night fade away; let the


bewitchers fade away, : Let this night
disappear; let the female demons disappear (Zysk, 1985, 23)
. (Bloom-
field, 1973, . 13). vas- -
: vivasayatu, apagamayatu.
(?) (tilasya tilapinjya)... . -
.
. : with the sesame-stalk (?); -
: with the blossom of the sesame (Bloomfield, 1973, 13).
5a ...() (sanisrasaksebhyo)... -
. . ,
,
.
5 ...() (samdesyebhyah)... .
: to those demons belonging to the magical realm (Zysk, 1985, 24).

11,9

, -
, , -
, .
: , 1 .
lb- ... ... (grahya[h]... jagraha)... -
.
... (ddhltir)... -
. , -
: ,
. : hath attained (adhi-ga-) attainments; :
This person has come to his senses (Bloomfield, 1973, 34);
. (adhitim): Zur Wahrnehmung ist er hier
(wieder) gelangt (Zehnder, 1999, 45).
3b .. . (JTvapurd[h])... .
, , , ,
.
4 ... (?) (citim)... , -
. : gathering (?); : arrangement
(Bloomfield, 1973, . 34).
5 ... ... ... -
.

11,10
(. . II, 8),
. ,
.

395

: 1 () -
,
.
1 (druho)... Druh , , -
.
4- ... ...
, .
8 (tdmaso grahya[h] adhi)...
. grahi- . . ,
(
, ). . :
The gods, releasing, the sun and the rtam... from darkness and from
Grahi... (Bloomfield, 1973, 15).

,
, ..
, . -
, .
: . ., . 115-116, 346-347.
, -
.
1 ... (dusya dusir)...

G. sg. : Spoiler's spoiler .. ...
( menir). meni-
(EWA, Bd. II, . 379). *. ,
, .
2 ... (sraktyo)... (EWA,
Bd. Ill, . 783) srakti- , . ,
, , srakti ,
tilaka- (Clerodendrum phlomoides). ... (pratisaro)...
, , . -
-, .
.

11,12
, -
. , -
.
(Bharddvaja-). -
VI.
: . ., . 142-143, 352.
: , 2 , 7-8 .
1b ... (urugayo)... .

396
II

2 (niyujyatam)... , (niyuj-).
2d ... (manas-)\ -
. : who injures this our mind; : this our
plan (Bloomfield, 1973, 89).
4a ... (samagebhir)... Saman ,
, . ( ), -
, ,
. , -,
.
6 = VI, 52, 2; .
7 ... (astdu manyds)... many as
. mqjhds (< *majjms) majjdn- ;
, .
7d ...
.
8d (asum vag dpi gacchatu)... -
. . :
gacchatu te asuh ! (Zehnder, 1999, . 33).

11,13
, -, -
-
. ( 2-3),
( 5) .
: . ., . 191, 364.
: , 4 , 5 ().
1 ...
-b c-d. , -
, .
3D ... (grstindm)...
krstinam (grstT- ).
4d ... \ ,
.
5 ... (yusah prathamavasyam)... , ,
.

, 14
(sadanva-) -
. ,
- -
, , , .
: . ., . 102-103, 344-345.
: , 4 .
la- () (nih salam dhrsnum dhisdnam \ ekavadyam
jighatsvam)... : ,

397

, . -
dhisdnam . . . .
: adj. , ; . . .
.
1 ... (cdndasya)...
. . .
2 (magundya duhitaro)... -
, .
... (arayi-)\ .
rayi- , ..
, (EWA, Bd. II, . 438).
3d .. . (yatudhanyah)\ .
4 ibhutapdtir)... -
, .
6 ... igastham)... :
kastham.

11,15
,
, ..
: . ., . 146, 353.
: .
4 ... (brdhma ca ksatrdm )... :
- -
.

11,16
.
: . ., . 192, 364.
.
1 ! . .
2 .. . (upasrutya)... .
5 ... (yisvambhara)...
, .

11,17
-
, . , -
.
.
1-3 .
, -
: djas- , sdhas- , bdla- .

398
II

11,18

. ,
.
.
... {bhratrvya0)... , -
, .
... {)... , , , , .
. p. arayi -
II, 14, 3.
. . II, 14.

11,19
, -
. , -
, ,
, - : 1
(tapas-) I (prdti tapa); 2 {haras-) I (prdti
hard); 3 (arcis-) I (pratyarcd); 4 (socis-) I
{prdti soca); 5 ( )
(tejas) I {atefasam krnu ,
).
: . ., . 285, 386.
.

11,20

, . -
-.

11,21
. . , 20. , -
, -.

11,22
. . II, 20. , -
, {candrd-).
.

11,23
. . II, 20. , -
, {dpah). . . . ., -

399

. .
, , .

II, 24

, -,
. :

, (Voc). -
, , -
.
.
1 .. ., (serabhaka sirabha)\ -
. (EWA, Bd. II,
. 654). -- - .
. .
2 .. ., {sevrdhaka sevrdhe)\
sevrdha- , (< * seva-vrdha-
) (EWA, Bd. II, . 654). Voc. m.', Voc. f., ..
. , , .
3 ..., (mr6kanumroka)\ mroka- -
, , ; anumroka-
.
4 ..., (sdrpanusarpa)\ Sarpd adj. ; m.
. Anusarpa , .
5 ... (jurniy. Voc. f. orjurnT- ., -,
jar- .
6 ... (upabde-)\ Voc. f. upabda- Voc. m. upabdi- (-
upabdd- m. ).
7 .. . (drjuni)] Voc. f. drjum- ; .
8 .. . (bharuji)\ Voc. f. bharujf- .

11,25
(kdnva-) -
. ,
, . -
,

( osadhi- , . .).
: . ., . 103-104, 345.
: , 4 .
... (sphatim)... spha- ,
, .
4 .. . (jh>itay6panan)\ , .

400
II

11,26
, , -
, .
: 1, 2 , 3 (), 4, 5
.
1 ... (rupadheyani)... , (pi.) ,
tatp. To , ,
, .
2 (siriivali-). Norn. . , -
. , -
. ... (-dgram)\ , ,
. : the van.
3 (sdm sdm sravantu)... sdm sru- -
. ,
d , , samsravya- -
. -
- sdm , .
4d ... {) (dhruva gavo). , -
.
5 ( harami)... a har- , -
: (
) (a harami aharsam
dhrta[h] ).

11,27
-
(pros- prach- ). -
. , ,
- ( ), -
. ,
, -
, .
4 ipata-). ,
, Clypea hernandifolia.
: . ., . 218-219, 371.
: .
1 c-d ... (prdtipraso)... (arasari)... -
.
2 ... ,
.
2- =V, 14, la-b
5b (indrah salavrka iva). -
. , (. -
, II, 5, 3) , : Jamison,
1991, ptl.

401

11,28

. -,
-
.
; , 1 .
1 ... , ... . . II, 13,4.
1 ... ... , , -
.
Id ...... (mitrd enam mitriyai)\
.
2 .. . (risadas)... ,
(.: EWA, Bd. II,
. 451). . (Thieme, 1938,
. 157 .), ..
... (janitrah).
Hajanitvah, .
5 (priyam retd)... ,
.

11,29

,
-, . , , -
. ,
, ,
. -
, : , -
.
: , 4 , 1 .
1 ... (bhdgasya tanvo bale)... .
.. . (sdcetasau)... --.
3d .. . (krnvano anyan adharant sapdtnari)... ,
.
6 () (sivdbhis...)... I. pi. f. :
With propitious things.
6c-d ..., (savasinau)... -,
, . -
,
.
6d ... (asvino ).
, , , . . (
. .). , , ,
, .
7 ... (svadha-)... ,
. -, .

402
II

11,30

, .
-, : -
(. 4),
(!).
: . ., . 176, 360-361.
: , 1 .
ld-e = I, 34, 5c-d.
2 ... ...
sdm , , .
. -b c-d -
.
2- (sdm ndyatho asvina \ kamina sdm ca vaksathah)... -
cid , -
, c-d (
). : May ye,
Asvins, both lead together and bring (her) together with him who loves her.
kamina . du. the loving pain> (Bloomfield,
1973, 100). (Zehnder, 1999, . 58).
2 .. . (bhdgaso)... bhdga- genitalia.
-b ... (vivaksdvah)...
.
.
4- ... ,
. , -
, : -
penis?
5d ... (bhdgena... saha). ,
(Zehnder, 1999, . 58), .. .

11,31
,
-, ,
, , -
.
(.: Zysk, 1985, . 64-69).
: . ., . 95-96, 343.
, .
Id (khdlvi iva)... , - -
, Phaseolus radiatus (EWA, Bd. I, c. 450).
2 Kypypy (kururu-), (algdndu-), (saluna-).
. .
4 (avaskavd-). sku- ,
(, ). . -

403

(vyadhvard-). , -
vyadh- , vyadvara-, -
ad-, .. (EWA, Bd. II, . 592).

11,32

. -
. ,
, , . ,
(krimi-) -
.
: . ., . 96-97, 343.
: , 1 .
3 = V, 23, 10. (dtri-), (kdnva-), (Jamddagni-),
(agdstya-). Nom. pr. , ,
.
4 =V,23,11.
4c-d ... (hato hatdmata krimir | hatdbhrata
hatdsvasa)... bah.:
, , .
5 =V,23, 12.

11,33

(ydksma-).
, , -
, , (.: Zysk, 1985,
. 12 .). X, 163; .: -
, 1995, . 8-104 ( . 68-71).
, ,
,
.
: . ., . 60-61, 334.
: , 7 .
1 = , 163, 1.
2 = , 163, 2.
2 , ... (grivabhyas la usnihabhyah)...
. . ,
.
(?) (hdltksnat)... . -
*hali- = hdri-
(EWA, Bd. II, . 808).
... (?) (mdtasnabhyam)... .
- , (.: Zysk,
1985, . 106).

404
II

4 ... (kuksibhyam)... -
. . -
. ...
(plaser...)... . Abl. sg.,
X, 163, 3 Abl. pi. .
: etwa: ein bestimmtes Eingeweide (EWA, Bd. II, 196).
5c-d (ydksmam bhasadydm sronibhyam j bhasadam bhdmsaso
vi vrhami te)... ,
.
7d (kasydpa-). Nom. . .
7 (yisvancam)... : -
, .

11,34

. , -,
, .
: .
1 ... (pasupdtih)...
. . ,
. ... (pasunam)... pasu-
, , , ,
( -
pasu-).
(jdgat-),
(sthatdr-). pasu- -
.
1 ... ! , -
, , ,
, .
(Id).
2 {), ... .
.. . (badhydmanam)... -
.
...... , ,
, .
4- (...visvdrupa | virupah sdnto bahudhdikarupah)...
- , ,
.
5 (prajandntah)... ,
.
5 ... () (prdti tistha sdrlraih)\ Sdrira- . .
, .
5d (svargdm)... : go to paradise -
.

405

11,35
, -
. . -
-, ,
. , -
.
: .
1 ... (ydn agndyo anvdtapyanta dhisnyah)... -
, ,
, .
1 ...... ... (avaya duristih)...
: duristeh.
2 ... (mathavyant stokari)...
madhavyan. .
... (adanyari)... .
.
... (nddhirah)... , .
4 ... (mahisa)... , . -
, .
5 (yajnasya caksuhprdbhrtir mukham cd)... .
5c ..., (yajndm vitatam)... -
, .

11,36
, -,
. , pativedana -
.
: . ., . 179-180,361-362.
: , 2, 5-7 .
Id ... (osdm)... , os- ,
(.: EWA," Bd. I, . 281-282).
2 (somajustam)... 1-2 justd-
: bhdga-,
4 (justa) (,
).
4 ... -
, ,
. ... ... .
4 ... (priyo mrgdnam susdda
babhuvo)... susddam.
5 ... -
.
6 ... ! , .
6 (pradaksindm krnu)...
.

406
III

7 .. . (gulgulu)... , .
7 ... (quksd-)... . -
.
8 ... (psadhe)\ ,
: , -
.

III

III, 1
. -
, , .
: , 3, 6 , 5 (-
).
1 ..., (abhisastim dratim)\ -
: , .
1 ... (pdresarn)... , .
2 ... (amimrnan vdsavo nathita ime)... -
: The Vasus have killed [them]; suppliant
[are] these.
3a ... ... .
4 = III, 30, 6; .
4d ... (yisvak satydtn krnuhi cittdm esam)\ Satydm
cittdm; visvak krnuhi.
6c ... (cdksumsy...)\ ,
. .

III, 2

, ,
.
: . ., . 130, 349.
: , 2-4 .
1 ..., ! . . III, lb.
2 ... (6kasah)\ : from [our] home.
-d = III, 1, 5b-c.
5b Anea (apva). , .

III, 3

,
, , -

407

, , . -
, .
: . ., . 230-231, 373.
: , 5-6 .
1 (dcikradat). , ,
. -b VI, 11,
4 ( ).
1 ... (rodasi uruci)\
.
Id () ()... .
2- ... ,
, ,
(Zehnder, 1999, . 167). ... (arusdsa[h\)... , -
.
2 , ... ,
.
2d ... (sautramani-). -
(sura) ,
, . .: Oort, 2002, . 355-360.
-d ... ... ... (dpancam... krtva \
...dva gamaya)\ : ,
.

111,4
-
.
: -
, (v-),
III, 3 , .
: . ., . 231-232, 374.
: .
la- ... (varcasod ihi)... (prdfi... tvam
viraja)\ .
vi raj- .
2 ...... \ .
6 , (indrendra)] -
. .
.
6 ... (vdrunaih). . . -
. . .
, . . .
6d ...
(Bloomfield, 1973, . 113).
7 (pathya revdtir...)... ,
.

408
III

7d (dasamim)... , ,
, .

III, 5
-
. -

.
(- , ) Butea frondosa.
: . ., . 198-199, 365.
: , 1 , 8 .
2d ... ()... : familiar (?).
4 (priyasam)...
bhriyasam bhar- .
5c-d ... (ydthdhdm uttaro 'sany \ aryamnd utd
samvidah)\ - -
, a samvid . .
7 .. . (rajakrtah)... , , -
, , .

III,

(asvatthd-) Ficus religiosa L.,
, ,
. -
, -
, (-
; .: Bloomfield,
1973, . 334).
: . ., . 131-132, 349.
: .
la- ... , ,
, , ,
(sami- f. Prosopis spicigera Mimosa Suma).
, , ,
. (khadird- m. Acacia
Catechu), ,
.
2 ... (vaibddha)... vaibadha -
, .
... (nirdbhano...)...
, bhid-.
... (arnave)... , -
.

409

6b ... (krnusi 'dharari)... ,


.
7 .. .1. .

111,7

(. . II, 8).
, ,
, , -, ,
, , .
: . ., . 62-63, 334.
: .
lc-d ...... (yisdnaya visucinam).
visana- , -
. , ,
.
2 , (visane vi sya)... -
visana-, , , -
. , , -
sa- vi (EWA, Bd. II, . 564).
(cdtuspaksam iva chadih)...
. , - ; . 4,
7. :
, . : like
a four-pinioned (sided) canopy (Zysk, 1985, . 24).
4b ... (yicrtau)... . . II, 8, 1.
5- = RV X, 137, -; .
6 -... (?) (asuteh)... ,
. : from the drink, : from the
prepared (magic) concoction (Bloomfield, 1973, 15), : because of
a prepared mixture (Zysk, 1985, 24).
7c-d (... uchatu)... -
. : let every evil (and) the ks,etriya
disappear from us (Zysk, 1985, 24). .

III, 8
, -
. , ,
. -,
.
: , 5 .
1 ... (samvesdyari)... -
.
samvesyam d. ... (-
) (usriyabhih). , , .

410
III

2 (ratih). , ; . -
.
2 ... (haryantu)... 3 pi. iv. . ., -
. , -
, .
2d ... {madhyamestha}\ -
.
... (ahdmuttaratve).
ahamuttaratve,
, .
4 ... , -, , ,
, , {visah f.,
. p. kamiriir ).
4 {asmdi kamayopa kamiriir)... -
. : do ye, with [your] desires, [attend] upon (?) his de-
sire.
4d ... (upasdmyantu)... -
upasamnayantu.
5 = VI, 94,1.
5 () , , (vivratd sthdna)... -
.
6 = VI, 94, 2.

III, 9
(. . I, 16, 3)
(kdbavd-).
-, .
,
- . .
, 4 6 .
1 (karsdpha-), (yisaphd-). -
. -, - .
, -
, b -
, (Bloomfield, 1973,
. 340).
2 (asresmano adharayanta)... ,
. :
,
; .
(?) (khrgalam)... -
. , , ,
, . -
(Kuiper, 1991,
. 14).

411

... (kabavdm)\ . -
(EWA, Bd. I, . 338).
3d .. . (bandhurah)... N. pi. bandhur- (?) hap. leg. .
: the binders (?). , 4d
bdndhura .
5 ... (bhartsyami)...
: bhantsyami bandh- .
6 ... , -
.
6 ... {ujjaharur)...
ujjahrur; . ... (tesam
tvam dgra ujjaharur)... G. D.
: vighdndm nivrttaye. : thee have they first taken
up, of them the viskandha- spoiling amulet.

Ill, 10
{ekastaka- f.),
( ), -
: , , -
, . -
-
.
: . ., . 326-328, 395.
: , 4-6, 12 (6 ).
1 . .
1 ... (duham)... 3 sg. iv. med. duh-
(, ).
-d .. . ... :
, .
4d .. . (navagdj jdnitrt).
. -
navagdt-.
5 .. . ... .
6 .. . (sarlsrpdm). , , -
.
6d ... ... ,
.
9- ..., , () (hdyanan \ sdmah samvatsa-
rari)... -
. .
: I sacrifice to the seasons... them of the seasons (drtavd), and the
winters (hdyand), to the summers (sdmd ), the years, the months.
10c ... (samrdhe)...
.
lla-b ... ....

412
III

lie He (dlubhyatd)... : not disorderly


(? alubhyant).

, 11

-
. 1-4 -
X, 161, 1-4.
: . ., . 82-83, 389.
: 1-3 , 4 , 5-6 -
, 7 , 8 .
1 . . . II, 33. (rajayaksmd-).
, ,
, .
1 ... ... {grahirjagrahd)... Fig. etym.
2b ... (satdsaradaya)\
, .
8 (abhi... ahita)...
dha adhita.
8d (supasdya)... , , ..
, , , ,
. , : the death that curbed thee, when born,
with easy fetter.

Ill, 12

, ,
(vastospdti-). -
: sala- f., -
, grhd- m. pi.,
, , ,
.
: . ., . 271-272, 382-383.
: , 3 , 6 4 (11+11:14+12), 7
9 , 8 .
... (dharuni)... .
, ;
, .
(brhdechandah)...
chadis. .. . (putidhanya).
puta-. .
4 ... ()...
. udna.
5 (manasya patni)\ , -
.

413

8 ... ... ,
.
8 ... (amrtena)... .
... (iman pdttn)\ patdr-
pa-, pati , pa-, pibati ,
. : anoint these
drinkers (?).
8d ... (istapurtdm)\ -
.
9d ... . ,
.

III, 13

, -, -
, , -
. 1-4
,
. ,
.
7 .
: . ., . 281-282, 385.
: ( 1 ), 5 ,
6 .
1 ... {dhav... hate)...
, , ,
.
1 ...{) (ngdyd).
(anadata) 1.
(.: EWA, Bd. II, . 9).
2d ...{) {_).
{gp_nod) 2.
... {dvlvarata)... -
var-, vrndti , -
, . var-,
vrndti : ...Indra, forsooth did with might choose
you as his own... (Bloomfield, 1973, 146),
, -
(.: Whitney, 1885, . 163).
3d ...{-) (var).
(dvivgrata) .
4d .. .{) {udakdm ucyate).
(udanisur) 4.
6d . . . III, 12, 8.
7 ... -,
,

414
III

. b
. .
d .

III, 14

(, II, 26) -
, .
: , 6 .
1-2 ... () (sdm)... -
- sdm ,
.
1 ... (dharjatasya... )... -
, . ,
.
. ,
, .
... (somydm mddhv...)... .
4 ... (?) (sdkeva)\ sdka . -
: , ,
(mrga) (Bohtlingk, Th. 6, . 191). -
: . -
. , (EWA,
Bd. II, . 603).
5 .. . (?) (sarisakeva)\ . sari-
- , , .

III, 15

.
, -
.
: . ., . 204-205, 367.
.
1 - (indram... vanijam)... -
, , .
1 (dratim). . .
. I, 2,2.
3 = III, 18,3.
4 ... (sardnim)... , , -
, .
4 ... .
5d ... (sataghno devan havisa ni sedha)...
I. sg. , : put down with the

415

oblation the gain-slaying gods. -


: in return for the oblation (Bloomfield, 1973, 149).
7d .. . (pranesu)... . . .
8 ...()... , -
.

III, 16
, .
: -
, 2-5 .
(bhdga-)
: , , . -
; . (bhdgavant-) 45,
, -
. -

, (
.: , 1993, . 154 .).
VII, 41 ( ).
: , 1 .
1 (pratar)... -
, pratar
.
2d (bhdgam bhaksi)\ -
: bhdgam -
. 1 sg. med. inj.
bhaj- ( , , ),
2 sg. iv. bhaj- .
: apportion [me] a portion. -
Bhaga.
4b ... (prapitve)... . prapitva,
: Tagesanbruch, Zeit vor dem Essen (EWA, Bd. II, c. 131).
: in the advance (? prapitva).
5a (bhdga evd bhdgavah astu)...
nom. pr. bhdga-.
6b (dadhikravan-). ,
.
7d ... , .

III, 17
, -
. -
IV, 57 X, 101 -
. ..

416
III

: ,
, . .: Dange, 1971, chap. V.
: . ., . 205-207, 367-368.
: 1 , 2, 5, 9 , 3, 4, 6 , 7,
8 .
1 = X, 101, 4; .
1 ...
. ... (sfra[h])...
., , sira-,
( lahgala-). .:
Bloch, 1985, . 305-312.
1 ... (sumnaydu)...
: sumnaya.
2a-b PB X, 101, -b; .
2 ... (krteyonau)\ X, 101, 3
,
.
2 (yiraj-). , .
. ; -
X, 90, 5, -
. ... (snustih)... -
srustih, . : may the
bunch (?) of virdj be burdened for us.
3b ... (somasdtsaru)...
sumati-tsaru.
4 = IV, 57, 7; .
4d ... {sdmam)\ .
5- = IV, 57, 8-; .
5 -- (sunasira)... . .,
. -
, *suna- -
- , ,
: (sundm) (KEWA, Bd. Ill, . 356).
6 = IV, 57,4.
7 = , IV, 57, 5; .
8 = , IV, 57, 6; .
9 .. .. , .
, - (visvedevah).

Ill, 18
-
. , ,
. -
6 -
. sah- -

14. 417

, , -
, .
X, 145.
(.. ), -
( ) .
: . ., . 181-182, 362.
: ( 4 ), 6 .
1 ... (psadhirn)... -
: pata
Clypea hernandifolia banaparnl , - (-
).
(nahi te jagraha)... ,
, .
: . .
4 ... , ... -.
5 ... ( sdhamana, b sasahih, sdhasvati,
d sahavahai)... , -
sah-, .
6 ... ... -
, - ,
- . ,
.

III, 19
, ,
, .
- -
.
,
. : , 3 11+11: 8+8;
6 6 ( : 11+11: 8+8: 6+8); 7 7+8: 11+12;
8 .
Id ... (purohitah). . .
2 (syami)... syami:
5.
...... (sHrim)\ suri- ,
, -
.
6 ... (yajinany...)... . . : their
energies.
6 ... , (p'rthag ghosa ululayah)... Prthak ,
; ululi .
8d-e ... ...
, : d -
esam , amisam asau . -

418
III

-
, asdu.

Ill, 20

. , -, -
, . 2-7 -
X, 141, 1 III, 29, 10.
: , 6 , 8 , .
1 ... (yonir rtviyo)... , -
.
(sunrta). , , , ;
. . .
4d .. . (brahmanam)... . .
5c-d ... ( ) (tvdm no deva datave \ rayim
codayd)... -
. X, 141, 6 . -
devdtataye .
8 ... ,
( )
,
.
8 ... (vajasya prasave)... ,
.
9 ... { pradiso)\ To
. IX, 86, 29. ,
, , -
, , , -
(EVP, t. IX, . 97).
10 (abhyudihi)... + ud + i
.
... (), (a rundhdm)... ,
, .

III, 21
,
. ,
: , , , ,
, .
(vaisvanard- ),
.
-, -
, : , -
, ..

14* 419

: . ., . 289-291, 387.
: ( ), 5 , 6 -
(), 7 , 9-10 .
1 ... (yrtra-)... . .
1 ... (avivesosadhir)... :
avivesdusadhir.
2b-c ... ... (mrgesu... cdtuspadas)... -
mrgd , a cdtuspad -
.
... (visvadavyah)...
visvadevyah, .
.
4 ... (pratigrhndntam)... : -
.
5 ... (hotaram)... (hotar- hu- -
) , .
, .
5 ... (bhauvanah)... ,
vrddhi bhuvana . ; ,
. : the thirteen kinds of beings, the five races of men. -
bhauvanah . ... {
manavdh)... ( :
jdnah).
6 ()... (vasannaya)... , vasa-
.
8d ..., (kravyadam... agnim)\
.
10 ..., (pdrvatah somaprstha[h])... ,
.

III, 22
(vdrcas-). -
,
. , -
.
( ): 1 , 2 ,
3 , (5 ), 4 -
(6 ), 5-6 .
.. . ( raja manusyesv apsv dntah)... -
, ... . , -
- , .
4d ... (asurdsya ca hastinah)... :
asura-like elephant.
5 .. . (indriydm)... , , .
6 .. . (susdddm)... , .

420
III

III, 23

.
. , -
, -
.
: . ., . 226-227, 373.
: , 5 , (8+8:
8+8+4) (), 6 ,
(8+12: 8+8) ().
2d ... (ddsamasyah)\
, .. -
( , ).
4 ... (bhadrani btfany...)... . .
5 ...{) (prajapatydm)... -
: .

III, 24
, -
, .
: . ., . 207-208, 368.
: , 2 ().
2 {) (yoyo dyajvano grhe)...
, -
. , -
, .
.. . ... . . III, 20, 9.
... ( krstayah)...
. krsti- ,
(kars- ).
6d ... . -
. , -
, .
7 (ksattdrau)... ( had- [],
[]).

III, 25
,
. ,
. ,
, ,
.. , ,
, .
: . ., . 173-174, 360.
: .

421

la ...... (uttudds tvottudatu)\


tit tud- . uttudd-
. : Let the up-thruster thrust thee up,
, (-
). : May (love), the disquieter, disquiet thee
(Bloomfield, 1973, 102).
lb He (ma dhrthah sdyane sve)... : do not abide
in thine own lair.
, (pracinapaksa)...
,
-. : forward-winged; : whose plume flies
forward (Bloomfield, 1973, . 102).
5a ...... (ajami tvajanya)... fig. etym.
5c-d = VI, 9, 2c-d.

Ill, 26
-, ,
,
.
(, , ) ,
(III, 26 27) ,
- (V, 10, 3-5) -
. . III, 27
, -
. -
, , (
), . ,

visa- isavah , 2
avisydvo , .
,
.
1 ... (devas)...
Voc, ,
2 pi. pr. stha.
2 ... (avisydvo)...
, avasd-
, (EWA, Bd. I, . 133).
3 .... (yairajd[h])... -
; . . III, 17, 2.
5 ...... (dhruvdydm disi)... : in this
fixed quarter. .
6 ...... (urdhvdyam disi)... : in
this upward quarter. .

422
III

111,27

, , -
, . -
. .
. III, 26.
,
.
2 .. . (pitdrah)... , -
.
4 ... (svajo)... svajd- svaj-1
svanj- , . : the constrictore.
Vipen> ,
(prdaku-) (EWA, Bd. II, . 788).
, -
: (asitd-), - (tirasciraji-),
(kalmasagriva), (svitrd-) -
.

III, 28

. ,
, . -,
.
: . ., . 151-152, 354.
: 1 , 2-3 , 4 , 5
, 6 , .
1 ... (yijayate yamirii)... ,
. , yamirii -
yamd- (Bloomfield, 1973, . 361).
Id ..., (riphatf rusatT). .
, : rusati (.: Goto, 1987, . 277).

III, 29

-
(sava). , -
. -
, ..
.
: . ., . 258-260, 380.
: , 1,3 , 7 ,
, 8 .
la- ...... (rajano... yamdsya... sabhasddah)... -
. ...

423

(sodasdm)... , -
7 ) 6
(svadhu-).
2b (abhdvanprabhdvan bhdva)... .
bhu- , ;
.
3D (lokena sdmmitam)... , -
, , ,
.
4 ()...
,
, .
6 ... , ... , -
.
7-8 , ,
. ,
.
8c-d ... () (... pratigrhya vi radhisi).
, : let me not,
having accepted, be parted with breath..., -
.

III, 30
, , -
.
: . ., . 216-217, 370.
: , 5 11+11:12+12; 6 11+11:8+8; 7 -
.
5 (jyayasvantas...)... , (
). ... ( ) (cittino)... : intentful;
: of (the same) mind (Bloomfield, 1973, . 134).
6a ... (prapd)... -
, : Trarike, Brunnen, ein Schuppen, in
dem Reisende Wasser antreffen (Bohtlingk, Th. 4, 159). : Your
drinking [be] the same; : Identical shall be your drink
(Bloomfield, 1973, 134).
7b (ekasnustlnt)...
ekasrustln. : of one bunch.
7 .. .! . . III, 12, 8.

III, 31
-
.
, -

424
IV


1-5 ( 5 )
6-11. -
, .
: . ., . 187-188, 363.
: ( 4 ), 5 .
1 ... (aratya)... arati- . . I, 2, 2. :
from the niggard.
Id ... . . II, 33. ...
(dyusa)1. Ayus : , ,
, . ,
, ,
.
2 (pdvamano)... .
2 (sakrdh)... .
5- (visvam bhuvanam viyati). -
X, 17, 1-. , ,
, , (sam eti), -
. , -
vi, .
9 (praninapranatamprana)... .

IV

, ,
( ).

IV, 1
{brahman)
, ,
. -
, (,
), -
, II, 1.
. V, 2,
; .: Lubotsky, 2002, . 18-23.
.: Renou, 1956, . 143-144, 258-259.
: , 2 5 .
1 ... (purastad)...
.
1 (vend-). . . , 1,1.
le Voyant, , , . ... ... -
(simatah). -
.

425

2 ...... (iydm... rastri)... -


, (vac-) ,
.
2 .. . (hvardm). hvard-, , -
. , hvar- -
, . , ,
( ), -
: ,
. : I sent (hi)
this well-shining sinuous one (? hvard).
hvard- m. Schlange (sinuous) (Behtlingk, Th. 7, 288), -
krumm gehend (EWA, Bd. II, . 825).
. curve, ,
a curved lightning-like flame arising from the pot during the Pravargya
ritual (Lubotsky, 2002, 18).
2d .. . (gharmdm)...
, , -
.
.. . () (asya bdndhur)... bdnd.hu- -
-
. : the knowing relative of it. .
4 ... ... (sd hi divdh sd prthivya[h])... :
...il a etaye les deux masses puissantes, son (sejour de) repos, le ciel et la
terre (Renou, 1956, 143). (-
!). : he of the heaven, he of the earth.
5a ... (astra)... asta.
5d ... ( ) ... (vi vasantu viprah)...
vi vas-, uchdti.
6b ... (dhama)... dhaman- , -
. : the abode (?);
: essence.
6d ... (purve drdhe visite). -
vi sa-, sydti , .
, .
: versant anterieur, libere (Renou, 1956, . 144).
7 . . .
7d .. . (nd ddbhayat).
nd ddbhaya.

IV, 2
, , ,
X, 121. -
-, .
:
-

426
IV

, -
: ?
. 6 8
,
.
, , , .
: , 8 8+8: 8+8+11.
1 ( atmadd[h])... : who is soul-giving.
2a-b (pranato nimisato... jdgato)... . . I, 31, 4.
-
, , .
2 {ydsya chayamrtam ydsya mrtyuh)... ,
.
... (krandasT)...
.
... (ahvayetham)... : dhvayetam.
.. (rajdso vimanah)... -
.
4 ... (asdu suro vitato)... -
, , .
5 (rasa-). Nom. . , -
; . . . ,
, , .
7 (hiranyagarbhdh sdmavartatagre)... , -
, , .:
, 1993, . 205. ... . ,
, -
( X, 82).
. , -
.:
, 1967, . 81-99.

IV, 3
-
, . (-
5)
II, 8 . .: Zehnder, 1999, . 39-42.
: . ., . 143-144, 352.
: , 1 , 7 8+8:6+12.
Id ... (ydnaspdtir)... , -
, , .
2 ... (datvdiirdjjuh)... .
5 ... (patham apadhvamsena)\
apadhvamsd- dhvams , -

427

. : by the falling-off of roads; :


Where the paths are precipitate (Bloomfield, 1973, 148).
6c ...... {) (?) (nimruk te godha bhavatu)] -
. nimriic- -
. godha-, -
, (, "go-dha-
) (EWA, Bd. I, . 498). , ,
, (B6htlingk,
Th. 2, . 180). . : Out of sight
the dragon shall go, -
(Bloomfield, 1973, . 148, 368).
6d ... (sasayur)... . -, -
si- . : lurking (?).
7a-b (ydt samydmo nd viyamo)... He ,
. ,
.
7c-d ... (atharvandm)...
, . . ,
(brahman-).

IV, 4

. -
.
, , , Feronia
elephantum (kapitthakamulam).
: . ., . 228-229, 373.
: , 6-7 , 4 .
1 ... (mrtdbhraje)... , -
bhraj- . -
, bhraj etwa Penis, Steifheit, a mrtdbhraj etwa der die
Fahigkeit zur Erektion verloren hat (EWA, Bd. II, 277).
-b (ydtha sma te virohato \ 'bhitaptam ivanati)... .
, .
5d .. (arsdm... vrsnyam)...
: drsydm.
7 = VI, 101,3.
7d ...... () (dnavaglayata)\
7, , pdsas-
.

IV, 5
VII, 55,
5-8 ( .: . V-VIH,
. 228, 640). ,

428
IV

, -
. - -
.
: . ., . 221-222, 371.
: , 2 , 7 .
1 ... .
5d ... (ydthedam harmyam tdtha).
( VII, 55, 6d) , -
-, .

IV, 6

, .
, 1
(tafoaka-) ,
. -
, , 8
, , -
.
: . ., . 84-85, 340.
: .
1 (brahmana-, , brah-
man-). -
, , .
(suparnds... garutmari)...
nom.pr. .
4 ...{apaskambhdsya)... . -
skambh- , ,
, skambh- -
.
5 ...
.
7d (visagirih)... , -
.
8 ...- (pdrvato girir)... -
.: , 1999, . 175-176. ,
, pdrvata- : that rugged
mountain; : that mountain height
(Bloomfield, 1973, . 154).

IV, 7
, ,
, . -
. -
, .

429

: . ., . 86-87, 340.
: , 4 (8+9: 9+8).
la- ... (vdr idam varayatai \varanavatyam ddhi)... -
, -
vdr- , .
varandvatl- vdr-.
. ( -
, ), -
varana- (Crataeva Roxburghii).
2d ... (karambhina vi kalpate). To
, .
-b (karambhdm krtva tiryam \ plbaspakdm udarathim)...
.
: tilydm tila- , -
bahsphakdm.
6 ... (pavastais)... pavdsta- ,
( )
(EWA, Bd. II, . 105). X, 27, 7
. ., , , (.. -
).
6 (dursebhir)... dursd- -
, .
7 ... ,
.

IV, 8

-
(rdjabhiseka, rajasuya), , -
, -
. -
. -
, , ,
- (
).
: . ., . 232-233, 374.
: 1, 3, 7 , 2, 4, 6 , 5 -
.
la- (bhuto)... (bhutesu)... (bhutanam).
bhutd- (
- ): ( , -
) . ...-
(pdya[h])... : 1) , , ;
2) , ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) (.:
Bohtlingk, Th. 4, . 26).

430
IV

3 ...
III, 38, 4, , -
.
4d ... , ,
:
!
5 ..., {) (pdyasd madanty...)... . -
, mad- -
, ,
, . :
revel with milk.
(.: Goto, 1987, . 235).
6d (tdtha)... .
7 ... (vyaghrdm)... (simhdm)... (dvipinam)... -
.

IV, 9
,
. -,
, .
: , 2 , 3 .
1 (?) () (aksam)... , -
dksyam, -
. aksam caksus , .
4 ..... . . II, 33.
4d ...(), () (madhyamasi). ,
. X, 97, 12d.
, , (ugrd-)
,
(Renou, t. XVI, . 156).
5 ...... . . 1,16, 3.
7c-d = X, 97,4c-d.
8b (takmdri)... . . I, 25. ... (balasa-)...
,
,
(Zysk, 1985, . 32-33).
8d (trikakud)... , . -
, .
9 ... (himdvantas pdri)... : bom from the snowy
one.
10b ... (yamundm)... {yamuna; .
) .
-d ... ... , ,
.

431

IV,
,
. :
.
: , 6 , 7 .
la- ... , ,
. ,
.
lc-d ... (satlkhdh)... (krsanah)...
. , -
.
5 (yrtraj jato)... -
, vrtrd- , -
(), . -
, ,
.
, ,
. , -
. ... (divakardh)... :
making day; .
5d (hetya devasurebhyah)... , -
; .
6d-e ... ... 2- 3- , -
(.: , 1993, . 175 .).

IV, 11
(anadvdh- , )
( ),
, .
. -, -
.
, ,
. ,
. , duh- -
: , , ,
, ..
-
(gharmd-) : -
.
. -
.
: 1,4 , 2-3, 5-6 , 7
, 8-12 .
Id ... (visvam bhuvanam). -
.

432
IV

2 ... (?) {pasubhyo vi caste).


: he looks out from (for?) the cattle.
2c .. (duhdnah)... To .
... (uddre na sarsad)... .
4 ... (pdvamdnah)... ,
. , .
5 ... (yatamds...)... , .
6 ... (amrtasya nabhim)...
,
7 .. (agnir vdhena)...
, .
7 ... (paramesthin-). , , -
. . . . .
III, 17,2.
7c-f ...5 (yisvanare)... Visvanara- ,
, ; . . . . ,
. .
8 ... (vdha[h])... -
(.: Bohtlingk, Th. 6, . 50). ,
, , .
: where this carrying is set.
8c-d ... ... (etdvad asya practnam \ yavdn pratydn
samahitah)... , vdha-
.
9d ... (saptarsdyo). , -
.
10d ... (kilalam). , -, -
.

IV, 12

-
(arundhatt- , ), -
1 5. , -
. -
, (laksd-),
,
.
,
-
.
: 1 6 ( 6 ), 2-5 -
, 7 .
1 (rohanyasi rohany \ asthnds chinndsya rohanl \
rohdyeddm arundhati)...

433

, : rohanl caus. ruh-, rohdya-,


rohanl ,
.
2 ... (dyuttdm)... dyut-
(.: Bdhtlingk, Th. 3, . 126), dyut- . :
what of thee is inflamed (? dyut).
2b (?) (pestram)... , , -
: pis-, pimsdti () pis-, pindsti -
, . : what... (is) crashed (? pestra) in thyself;
: if your piece of flesh is inflamed (Zysk, 1985, 199).
6 ... , -
:
.
7d (sdm dadhat)... :
, (. 2).

IV, 13

,
, -
. 1-5 7 (
) X, 137, 6
X, 60, 12.
: .
1 ... ... ,
c-d , .
1 ... (avahitam)... -
, dva dha- ,
(cM.:EVP,t.XVI,c. 171).
2 (ddksam)... , .
2d ... (rdpas-)\ . , -
: -
, . ,
. ,
, . ,
(.: Zysk, 1985, . 27). -
: complaint.
5a-b ... (sdntatibhir)...
(aristdtatibhih). I. pi.
(Zysk, 1985, . 28).
5d ... . . II, 33.
7 ... ... .
7d .. (tvabhi mrsamasi). , -
, , .

434
IV

IV, 14


(odand-). ,
, .
: 1, 5-6 , 2, 4 , 3 -
(), 7-9 , 8 .
Id ... (rohan ruruhur). .
: . , ,
.
2 ...() (ukhyan hdstesu bibhratah). : -
.
2 ... , (divas prsthdm svdr)...
div-, svar- , , svar- -
, svar-
( 3, -
).
3 (prsthat prthivya[h])... (divo
nakasyaprsthat)... , , . :
From the back of earth, from the back of the sky.
4b ... (rodasT). . .
.
7 (pdncaudanam)... -
, , , , ..
. : Accompanied by
five rice-messes (-odand), by the five fingers, with the spoon, take thou up
five-fold that rice-mess.
7a-b ...( ) ... -
.
7d ... ... (ddksindyam disi ddksinam dhehi
parsvdm).
.
8 ... (uttarasydm disyuttaram dhehe
parsvdm).
.

IV, 15

, -
.
: . ., . 211-214, 369.
. ,
, 1, 2, 5 , 4 -
, 7, 8, 13, 1 4 , 9 , 1 0 -
, 1 2 (5 ), 1 5 -
.

435

1 ... ... -
.
2 ..., ! .
(sdmlksayasva gayato ndbhamsy...)... Caus.
sdm Tks- , , -
: .
4c-d ..... (sdrga varsasya varsato \ varsantuprthivim
dnu)... .
5a () (udirayata marutah samudratds)... -
. : Send up, Maruts, from the
ocean.
5b (tveso arko). .
: brilliant is the song.
6d ... ,
, ,
.
7 ...... .
7 ...- (utsa ajagara utd)\ -
, : , -
, .
10 ... ( agnis tanubhih samvidano)... , -
. tanu- -
.
11 ...-! ,
.
12 ... , , -
.
13 = VII, 103, 1 ( ).
14 ... (taduri)\ -
. .
15 ...... (khanvakha-, khaimakha-)\ -
, , -
.
16 ... ... .

IV, 16

-, , ,
.
.
: The power of the gods, -
.
.
: , 1 , 7 , 8, 9 .
1 ...... , .

436
IV

2b ... (?) {pratatikam)... .


. : Absol. gleitend, schlei-
chend (Bohtlingk, Th. 4, 136).
... (samudrdu)... ,
.
5 ... (rodast)... .
5c-d ... {sdmkhyata asya nimiso jdnanam \ aksan iva svaghriini
minoti tani). d -
. . pi. . tani ,
nimis- . . ni mi-: 1) , -
, ; 2) ; 3) ,
. : [so]
does he fix (ni- mi) these things. . :
td[h] ni tani, tah nimisah, ,
, - .
ni minoti , .. -
ml-, - ni.
: Wie ein svaghnin die
Wiirfel, so mindert er diese (Liderschlage) einen um den andern (Falk, 1986,
129), .
-b ... (saptdsapta)... (tredha)...
7 3.
7 ... (uddram sramsdyitva)...
sramsayitva. , : -
. , .
8 ()... .
varund- ,
.
9 - {asav)... , -
.

IV, 17

-
.
, { marj-) . -
- apdmargd- , -
, (Achyranthes aspera,
; . . ).
: . ., . 105-106, 345.
: .
2 ... (punassaram)... -
. , -
. , , : the reverted one,
having reverted leaves or fruit, defensive.

437

3 = I, 28, 3. , -, -
.
4 ... ( patre)...
. (dmd-) ,
.
4d ... :
, .
5 = VII, 24.
5 (sdrvd[h])... .
6-8 ... (dpdmdrga)... ( mrjma-
he)\ , * ,
mrj- .
8 ... (asthitam)... , , -
.

IV, 18
, .
: . ., . 110-111, 346.
: , 6 (11+8: 8+8).
1 () ... :
, .
4 (sahasradhdmari)... -
. dhdman- , -
. ... (?)
(chdyayd)... sdyaya.
7-8 ( mdrstu)... , ,
, ]-.
7 . . . II, 8.

IV, 19
-
.
- (osadhi-) apdmdrgd- (. ,
. IV, 17).
(V, 25); .: Lubotsky, 2002, . 112-115.
: . ., . 132-133, 350.
: , 2 .
la- (uto asy dbandhukrd \ uto asi jdmikri)...
, .
-krt- krt-,
krntdti- .
... (pakasya)...
, , .
5 () (pratydg)...
-

438
IV

pratydg- , -:
6 , 7
(pratlcinaphala-). , -
.
6 {tddyam eti)... :
tad dyam.

IV, 20
-
, sa-
dampuspa .
: . ., . 101-102, 344.
: , 1 .
1 (a pasyati)...
. , -
-, .
, -
. -
, , -b , -
.
2 ... ;
.
2 ...... {sat... pradisah)...
. .
. III, 20, 9, .
4d ... (sudrd-)... , . ...
(-). : - {brahman-),
- {rqjanyd-, ksatriya-) - {vis-,
vdisya-).
5d {kimldin-). . .
6 (pisacd-). . .
7 {kasydpa-). Norn. pr. - .
7 ... ... , -
, , -
( X, 108).
8 {tend)... -
, .
.

IV, 21

, -
, : ,
, .
VI, 28, 1-7 ( 8).

439

: . ., . 210-211, 369.
: , 2-4 .
1 (a gavo agmann...)...
, , .
1 (sidantu)... , .
2d ... ( khilye). -
khilyd- . : in an
undivided domain (? khilya). ,
khilyd , -
, .. . , , ,
-
;
: setzt er den Gottergebenen in ein ungeteiltes Brachland (Geldner,
1951, T. 2, 127). He -
(.: , 1999, . 135-136).
3D ... (nasam amitro vyathir a dadharsati).
vyathis- ,
.
5 ... (icchad)... achad,
.
5 (imaya gavah sdjanasa indra...)... , -
, , , ; sd janasa indrah
II, 12.
7 = VII, 79, 1.

IV, 22
-
. , -
.
: . ., . 233-234, 374.
: .
1 ...
. . II, 20,4.
1 ... {ekavrsdm)... , ( 5,
6 7).
Id ... (ahamuttaresu)\
, : . -

.
-b ... (dhdnapatir dhdnanam)...
(yisam vispdtir)\ -
, : -
, .

440
IV

IV, 23

, 23-29 -
(mrgdra).
( ) .
, -,
.
: , 3 (11+11:12+8),
4 .
1 (agner )... .
1 (pancajanyasya)...
.
(vdhistham)... , -
.
5 ... , :
, , ,
,
(., , I, 6).
7 = VII, 26, 2.

IV, 24
- -
; . . IV, 23.
: , 1 .
2 ... (?) (-)... . -
, . ... (?) (ugrinam)... G. pi. f.;
, (sena)
.
... ... , -
; .
...... (adhvardh saptahota)...
bah.
7b ... (pustani... dvayani)... : the posse-
ssions of the two parties.

IV, 25
; . . IV, 23.
, .
: .
1 ... (yiddthani)...
viddtha- . the counsels.
,
v! da- , (F.B.J. Kuiper. IIJ. 1979,
vol. 21, . 273 .).
1 ... () (dtmanvdd)... : what has life.

441

2b ... (rdjo yupitam)... : by


whom the welkin (rajas) is made fast iyup) in the atmosphere.
(tdva vrate)... .
4b (simida). Nom. pr. .
5a-b ... (... tanu)... tanu. -
L. sg. ( ).
5 (ayaksmdtdtim)... -
, , , .
. . II, 33.
6 (arvag vamdsya pravdto niyacchatam)...
pravdto . pi. pravdt-; :
Vorwartsdrang, Vorwartsstreben, schneller Fortgang (EWA, Bd. II, 183).
Ace. pi. ni yam-.
Abl. sg., : Hitherward from the height {pravdt) confirm ye of what
is pleasant (vamd).

IV, 26
, --,
; . . IV, 23.
: ().
1 ... (yojanani). ydjana- ,
, , , -
.
2 (prdvrddhe devi)... -
, . -
,
.
... , (asantapd sutdpasau)...
tap- -
, .
5 ... (usriyd[h])... .
7 ... ... ... ,
.

IV, 27
, , -
; . . IV, 23.
: ().
1 ...... (yajam vajasate)... vaja- -
. : let them favor this steed (? vaja) in the
race (? vajasata).
2c ... (prsnimatrs)... , ,
; ; .
.

442
IV

3 ... ... . 2- 3-
.
5 ...... (medasa)... mid- -
. ,
.
-b ...- {-), (yddtd idam maruto marutena \ yddi devd
ddivyenedrg ara)... ,
.
7 (tigmdm )... a sharp
front.

IV, 28
-- (bhavd-, sarvd-), -
,
( ).
; . . IV, 23.
: ().
... ... , -
. --.
4- (ydv arebhathe bahu sakam dgre \ prd ced
asrdstram abhibham jdnesu)... .
asrastam.
6 ... , (krtydkrn mulakrd)...
- -krt-: kr-
, krt- . : witchkraft-
maker, root-cutter (?). -
krt- , krtyam kr-
.
7 . . .

IV, 29
; . . IV, 23.
, . -
, 3-6
( ), -
--.
: .
1 ... (ydu nudithe)... -

3-, 2- : () .
2- 3- .
2 ... (babhnina sutdm)...
: babhrum . .
(d/lgiras-). , -
, . -

443

, , , -
-;
. (agdsti-). Nom. . , -
-,
. agdstya-.
(jamddagni-). Nom. . . (dtri-).
Nom. pr. , . ,
, .
(kasydpa-). Nom. . . (ydsi-
stha-). Nom. pr. -, -
VII.
4 (syavasva-). Nom. pr. .
(yadhryasvd-). Nom. pr. ,
( X, 69).
4 (purutmdhd-). Nom. pr. .
4 (yimadd-). Nom. pr. , -
. Canmaeadxpu (saptdvadhri-). Nom. pr.
, .
5 (bharddvaja-). Nom. pr. -
-, VI.
(gdvisthira-). Nom. pr. , .
5 (yisvdmitra-). Nom. pr.
-, -
III. Kymca (kutsa-). Nom. pr. ,
, . -

(arjuneyd-).
5 (kdnva-). Nom. pr. --
. -
I VIII .
6 (medhatithi-). Nom. pr. .
(trisoka-). Nom. pr. .
6b (usdnas- kavyd-). nom. pr. -
.
(, -).
6 (gotama-). Nom. pr. -.
{mudgala-). Nom. pr. ( X, 102).

IV, 30
X, 125
, . -
1-
ahdm . , ,
() {Vac . AmbhrnT). , -
, , -

444
IV

. .: -, 1979,
. 63-67. -,
.
: , 2 .
1 (bibharmy...)... bhar -
. , -
: {-), (jan-), -
(v/ sthd-), (a rabh-)
. .: , 1968, . 20-47.
2d ... (bhuryavesdyantah).
avesdyantah N. pi. m. devah .
, , avesayantim . sg. f.,
, .
3d ... (brahmanam)... . . II, 6, 2.
4d , (srudhi sruta sraddheyam te vadami)...
, -
.
5 (ahdm jdnaya samddam krnomy...)... -
. .: , 1986, . 47-
100.
6 ... (ahandsam)... .
(EVP, t. XVI, . 166). :
the heady (? dhanas) soma.
7a ... . -
. , -
(
),
( : , ); .: Renou,
1956, . 253.

IV, 31

(-) , -
, , . -
X, 84
. .. ,
, ,
- , -
(. IV, 32, 6-7). -, -
, -
.
, .
: , 6 .
Id .. ()... ,
(EVP.t. XV, . 174).

445

... (asmai)\ :
. asme .
... (ugrdm tepajo). pajas-
(EVP, t. XV, . 174). : thy formidable rash (? pajas-).
; .: EWA, Bd. II, . 116.
4 ... (Idita)... -
: iditdh, .
5 ...(), (anavabravo)... ,
- dva , , -
, .
: wider den man Nichts
sagen kann (Bohtlingk, Th. 1, 43). : not to be talked
down.
: keine Absage gebend (Geldner, 1951, . 3, . 267)
sans dedire (la promesse) (EVP, t. XV, 174).
6b ... ( ) (?) (sahabhut[e]). , -
, . abhibhuti- -
.
7 .. () (sdmsrstam dhdnam ubhdyam
samdkrtam)... ,
.

IV, 32

, , -
. . . IV, 31.
X, 83, .
: , 1 .
1 ... () ... . . .
lc-d (sdhyama... | sdhaskrtena sahasa sdhasvata)...
, sah- .
4- ... (tvdm hi manyo abhibhutyojah \ svayambhtir bhdmo
abhimatisahdh)... bh-,
bhama- ().
4 ..., (sdhurih sdhlyari)...
, sah-.
5b-c ... (krdtva... akratur...). , -
krdtu-.
5d ... (sva tanur...)... N. sg., ,
, (EVP, t. XV,
. 172-173). , : -
.
6d ... () (utd bodhyapeh)}
, apih -G. (. veh), -
N. (EVP, t. XV, . 173).

446
IV

7 ... {dharunam mddhvo dgram)...


: the sustaining top of the sweet
(mddhu-). : le fond (et) le dessus du doux (breuva-
ge) (EVP, t. XV, 173), .

IV, 33
, , ,
. -
, .
,
, . -
I, 97 ( -
). -, -
.
: .
1 ... (sosucad)... (susugdhy...)... (sosu-
cad)... sue- -
, .
... (bhandistha[h])... -
bhand- , .
5 ... (bhanavah)... .
6 ... (visvdtah paribhur dsi)...
(EVP, t. XII, . 27); : thou art [our] encompasser on all sides.

IV, 34

- , (pdana-),
, -, -
(sava-). ,
, (),
: , , ., -
(yistarin-), -
(. S).
, .
: , 5 7 , 6-7 5 , 8 -
.
la- (brdhma)... ,
. ... (brhdt- ,
). . {)
(yamadevydm)... , ; -
. . ,
IV.
Id ... (tdpaso). (tdpas-) -
.
2- ... , -
. , .

447

5 .. (dnd'ikam kumudam)... Kumuda -


, Nymphaea esculenta.
5d (bisa-). . (-). -
. (sdphaka-).
, (saphd-). (muldli-). -
.
6 ... - (surodakah)... (surd-)
( ) .
7 (caturah)... , -
.
8 ... (svadhdya)\ - ,
.

IV, 35
, (. . IV, 34), -
,
. , IV, 34,
, (. ),
, .
: .
1 ... (tdpasd)... tdpas- . . IV, 34, 1.
... (brahmane)... . .
Id .. (dti tardni)... , .
2 ... (brahman-)... ( -
brahman- . ) : ; ,
; ; , .
4- ... (trimsddardh)... /
(dvadasdrah)... .
5 ... , (prdnaddh prdnaddvari)...
. , .
. , prdnadd-
vdn , . -
: possessing breathgiving ones (?).
6 ...... . . , , -
.
6 ... (gdyatrf-)... ,
8- .
6 ... (vedd[h])... , III -
.. : ,
,
() , .

IV, 36
- -
, .

448
IV

: .
.. (?) (agare... pratikrose)... -
. L. sg. agare,
gar- , -
gar-lgir- , ,
- . , : , -
. , .
5 () ... () ( devas tena hasante | suryena mimate
javdm \ nadlsu pdrvatesu ye \ sam taih pasubhir vide ||)... ,
, ; .
5 : With the gods who vie with, and
measure their swiftness with this sun, with those that are in the rivers, and in
the mountains, do I along with my cattle, consort (Bloomfield, 1973, 35).
6b ... (yyaghrd-)...
, .
7 ... (vanargubhih). . :
nor with savages.
9 ... (lapitd[h])... lap- , -
, . : making a noise.
9d ... (?) (dlpasayun)... -
. , .
1 Od ... ! .

IV, 37
:
, , -
-. 6 (aratakt-)
,
(EWA, Bd. I, . 111). - -
-
, ,
-.
: ( ), 3 (6 ),
11 (6 ).
1 ... ... . . IV, 1, 7.
1 . . . IV, 29,3.
Id . . , IV, 29, 5. . . . IV,
29,3.
2 , (ajasriigy aja)... : aja-
aja- 2 sg. iv. aj- .
(?) ([] tardm avasvasdm)... -
. .
, -
. , avasvasd .
: to the loud(?) down-blowing of the waters.

15. 449

-d ... , ,
,
: (gulgulu-) . guggulu- bdellium;
(naladt-) . ndlada- ; (pramandant-) .
pramanda . -
(auksdgandhi-) . (ptla) -
.
3d (prdtibuddha abhutana)\ -
, .
4 ... (asvatthd-)... , , Ficus
religiosa L.; , -
. ... {nyagrodha-)... Ficus indica.
4b ... (sikhandinah)... sikhandd-, -
, ,
; .
7d (?) (dpiyamf)... ; yd- -
dpi.
8d ... (avakadan). (dvaka-) Blyxa octandra
Rich., .
10b (?) (jyotaya mamakdri)... --
: jyotayamanakan.
lib ... (sarvakesakdh)... -
(Bloomfield, 1973, . 34).

IV, 38
, -
. 14, -
,
-, .
5-7 . -
.
, , -
.
lb ...ancapy (apsaram)...
apsards- apsara-.
1 ... (gldhe krtani krnva-
)... ,
- . 4 ,
(krtd-); .: Falk, 1986 (
. 116-117, 175).
2 (yicinvatim)... vi ci- (cinoti) -
, , :
(Falk, 1986, . 126
128).

450
IV

... (-dyaih)... . -
-, , (Spieler-
gebnis Falk, 1986, . 116), .. . -
: krtd-,
, treta-, ; dvdpdra-,
, kali-, , . -
- Wurf, Wurfelwurf,
Gang; course. -, -
, I- (EWA, Bd. I, . 103). -
, ,
.
... (sisarf)... -
( sisasatT ) san-lsa-
-.
5- (), (yah)... . -
, , ,
.
5 ... (maricTr...)... , mdrici-
, . rasmi- 5.
5 ... (yasdm rsabho)... ,
.
6 ... (karkim vatsam)... karki-
(EWA, Bd. 1,'. 314).
7d .. (ni badhriimah)...
.
7 (yathdndmd)...
. (svaha)\ . .

IV, 39
, , -
.
.
: 9, 10 ().
1 ... (samanamant... samdnamann...)...
(samndmah)... , scan nam-
, , .
2 \ . .
5 ... .
9 , ... -
, , .
9 , (namaskarena ndmasd)...
.
10 ... (...) (hrda putdm mdnasa jatavedo)...
putdm havydm 10d.

451

IV, 40

-
.
; b
( );
,
; d - -
, . -

.
: , 2 8 .
Id ... (pratisarind).
, (rafaakarma).
2a-b ...... (daksinato... ddksinaya diso)... -
-
. .
5 ... {dhruvdya diso)...
III, 26, 5.
7 ... (urdhvaya diso)... -
III, 26, 6.

V , -
. 8 18 .
VI ; .: Griffiths, 2004.

, ,
. , ,
, .
.
, . -
. ,
, . - -
.
. VI, 2.
: , 9 6 .
1 (rdhatlmantro ydnimyd ababhuva-)... -
. .
Id . . . , -
.
, , IX, 102, 3 (tritd trini).

452
V

2 (?) (dhasyur)... ;
(EWA, Bd. I, . 777).
-b () (yds te sokaya tanvam rireca \ ksdrad
dhiranyam sucayo 'nu svdh)... . , ,
. , :
he who left thy body (self) to the heat.
4a ... (ete)... N. pi.; .
4c (?) (kavih susdsya)... , -, ;
. (Bflhtlingk, Th. 6, . 253). ... -
(matdra rihane)... ,
: , ,
.
4d ... (dhuryam)...
(EWA, Bd. I, . 794). : a capable (dhurya) spouse.
5 ... (ydt samydncav abhiydntav abhi team)... -
: p. pr. act.
5d ... (?) (rodhacakre). -
, . : the (two) great bank-wheeled.
6 = PB X, 5,6 ( ).
6 ... (tataksus)... tate- -
;
, .
, -
, (- maryddah) ,
.
6 ... (amhuro). , bedrSngt.
X il
limitato, ,
, ; .: Ambro-
sini, 1981, . 17.
6 ... (skambhd-)... .
7 ... . -
.
7 ... ( ) (?) (vrdta[h]-)... ,
. vratd- n. .
7 ... ( ) (dsur atmd tanvas tat sumddguh).
. .
sumdd-gu- , , ; .
: 4. gu Adj. Kommend, gehend; 5. gu 1) am Ende eines adj. .
Von 1. go Rind, Kuh... (B5htlingk, Th. 2, 168). : with kine (?).
8b (jyesthdm maryddam)... -
,
jyesthdmaryadam: him of the chief bourn (?).
8d ...(, ) (?) (avdrvratatah)\
avdrvrtatas,
.

453

9b ... () , (ardhena susma


vardhase amura). : susma
susmam, amura asura.

V,2

X, 120, .
.
. VI, 1. , ,
Mystic. , , .
: .
1 ... (bhitvanesujyestham)... bhuvana-
. : the chief among beings; :
the chief among worlds (Griffiths, 2004, 4).
Id ... (yisva umdh). , -
, , (Geldner, 1951, . 3, . 346).
2 (avyanac ca vyandc ca sdsni)...
sdsnih. ... .
, .
(tve krdtum dpi prncanti)... ,
.
3d ... ! :
.
4d ... (kasokah)... . . ( -
).
6 ... . -
X, 120, 7.
7 .. (aptdm dptyanam)\
dptydm. . ,
, .
8 (brhdddiva- , ).
Norn. pr. , .
8 ... \
, .
8 ... , -
.
.
9 (-avocat svam tanvam indram eva)...
.
9 ... . . .

V.3
X, 128 ( 9
) . -
- ,

454
V

(parvari), -
, ..
: .
1 ... .
, -
, ,
. , 3-5, , ,
, .
4 ... (mdhyam yajantdm mama yariista)...
. .: ,
!
5d ... (aristah sydma tanva suvirdh)\
: , .
6 (ddivih sad urvir )\
, X, 128, 5, ,
.
7 ... , {) ( hasmahi prajdyd
tanubhir...)\ !.
8 ... (uruvydcd... mahisdh)... .
... (uparisprso)... , .
lid (asmakam abhur... midt)...
.

V,4
(kustha-), -
Aucklandia Costus speciosus = Saussurea
lappa (EWA, Bd. I, c. 381; Zysk, 1985, 151). ,
, , -
, . ,
, - (. .
IV, 9, 8).
: . ., . 76-78, 338.
: , 6 .
2 ... (...) (himdvatas)... .
3 = VI, 95,1.
. . . IV, 37,4.
4 = VI, 95, 2.
4 ... ,
, (Zysk, 1985, . 152).
7 ... - (prdnaya vydnaya)... , , -
, ( ,
).
... (namdnyuttamani)... -
8c-d .
9 ..... . . II, 33.

455

-b (sirsamaydm upahatyam \ aksyos tanva rdpah)...


. -
: Head-desease, attack (? upahatya), evil of the eyes, of the body....

V,5

-
, (laksa-) (silaci-).
, .
, -
, ,
- (Zysk, 1985, . 73-74). ,
, , -
,
. -
, -
, . . IV, 12, 1.
. VI, 4,
.
: . ., . 78-79, 338.
: .
1 (silaci-). Nom. pr. . -
sila- (EWA, Bd. II, . 731). . VI, 4, 1
silaci, ,
s , then we may interpret silaci - as rich in stone" or
like stone", which seems to be a fine epithet for the lac-insect covered in its
own encrustations (Griffiths, 2004, 58).
2d ... (nydncanT)... . .,
- , . : a hiding-place (?);
: the refuge (Zysk, 1985, . 75).
-b ... b : -
.
5 (plaksd-). Ficus infectoria. . . .
IV, 37, 4. (khadird-). Acacia Catechu. (dhavd-). Ano-
geissus latifolia. . . . IV, 37, 4. (parnd-).
Butea frondosa. . . . IV, 12.
7d (vato hatma babhuva te)... : The wind was thy
soul; : your very self has become the wind (Zysk, 1985, 75).
9a (dsvasyasndh sdmpatita)... : Fallen from the
horse's mouth. ,
.

V,6
(Disconnected
verses). , -,

456
V

.
, , IX .
5-7, -, -
( radh- ). 8
, .
9-14 ( ) .
. 11-14
.
. VI, 11.
. 4 ; 9-14 .
1 = IV, 1,1.
2 = IV, 7, 7.
3 ( )... IX, 73, 4.
-
.
-d ...... (spdso... pasinah)... -
. -
, .
4- = IX, 110, la-; .
4d (sanisraso)... the slipping
one (Griffiths, 2004, . 141).
4d-e ... ; , .
5 ... (aratsir...)... radh-,
5-7. ... (asau)... ,
, -
.
6 ... (ava-... -aratsir...)... radh- -
- ava .
7 ... (-... -aratsir...)... radh- -
- ( -
, -
).
9 ... ( menir asy amendyas (e santu)... ,
, meni-, ,
: , ,
(EWA, Bd. II, . 379). weapon -
amendyas weaponless.

V,7

(drati- f. , ,
) -
.
: , -
, . -

457

. -
. VII, 9.
: . ., . 146-148, 353.
: .
2 (purodhatse)... ,
: thou puttest forward. : you make your
Purohita (Griffiths, 2004, 333).
2c (te tdsmai)... : .
2d ... (vanim)\ : winning; : to my
wish (Bloomfield, 1973, . 173); : my earnings (Griffiths,
2004, . 333).
4a . . .
5d ... (somena babhruna)\ -
- {babhru-).
hdri- , -
; .: .. . -
. V-VIII, . 483; . . . -
IX-X, . 332.

V,8

,
( 1,3), ( 4) ( 2, 5-9).
. VII, 18.
: , 2 6 , 3-4, 6-7 , 9 6 .
1 ... (vaikafikatenedhmena)... (yikaflkata-).
Flacourtia sapida (, ).
2 ... (atisardh)... : over-runners (?).
.
. : out-runners (Griffiths, 2004, . 422).
... (asdv...)...
asdu-.
5 ... , -
.
6 ... {yad upocire)... : 6 iyddi)
.
7d ... {praticah a krdhi)... -
, ,
.
8 {udvacana-). Nom. pr. ,
. .

V.9
, , - -
.

458
V

: . ., . 300-301, 389.
.
7 (astrto namahdm asmi)... -
.
8 ... (krtdm)... (krtydm)\ -
, (
. ., . 301: ).
(ayuskrd...)... ,
. . ... ...
{ayuspatnlsvddhavantau)... .

V, 10

-
,
. (. III,
26 27; IV, 20, 2), .
.
8 (matarisvan-)... Nom. pr.
, .

V,H
- . , ,
, , -
, .
. ,
, -, . -

. :
, , -
. -
VII, 104.
: , 6 (5 ), 11
(6 ).
1 ... ,
. , . Voc. d.
Id ... {punarmagha tvdm mdnasacikitsih)... Voc.
,
*punarmaghatvdm. : thou hast
with the mind intended (? cikits-) re-bestowal (?). -
punarmagha- .
bountiful in return.
2d ... {) (jatdvedahyi -
.
... ... . .

459

5d ... (... -end him parenavaram amura)... -


. : is there anything below what is beyond.
Voc. amura (
asura).
6b .. () (end para durndsatn cid arvdk)...
. , end ( )
, 5, :
There is one other thing beyond the welkin; [and,] beyond [that] one thing,
[is] something hard to get at (durndsatn cii) [if you start] from this side [of
them].
6d ... - (?) (adhovacah)... -
adhovarcasah, . : Be the pani 's of
degraded speech.
7c (mo su panir abhyetdvato bhu[d])...
bhut bhus. , -
, .
8d .., ( diksu)\ ,
. dibit viksu, .. -
.
9 ... (ydn me adatto asi)\
. -
. .
9d ... (saptdpadah)\ , -
, .
10 ... (samd bandhur varuna samd
jd)... samd, bdndhu- .
1 la-b , ... 11, , -
10.

V,12
X, 110 -
. () (
V, 27, ). -

( 10). -
. -
, .
- . -
( ).
. ,
,
: (ndrasamsa- , ) -
, , , (tanundpat- ,
) .

460
V

. -
11 12 .
: .
2 ... {pathd rtasya yanari)...
(Geldner, 1951, . 3, . 332). : les voies que
servent au charroi de l'Ordre (EVP, t. XIV, 48).
3d ... (yajiyari)... --
.
4 ... (pradisa prthivya[h])... ,
pradis- ( pra dis-),
, (EVP,
t. XIV, . 119).
6 ... () ()... .
7 ... -
.
10 (updvasrja)... , .. -
, .
10 (devanam patha[h])... pathas- -
(EWA, Bd. II, . 119).

V.13
-
, : ,
; ,
,
.
: . ., . 87-88, 340-341.
, .
Id ... (Jreva)... ira- , -
, .
2 ... (etasv-)... . ., -
apsu L. pi. f.
... (ahdm tarn asya nrbhir agrabham rdsam)... -
. , .
5 (kdirata prsna upatrnya bdbhra...)...
, .
(taimatd-, aligi-, viligi-).
5d ... (asravdyanto)\
.
6 ... (?) (dpodakasya)... ,
, (. 2, ).
upodakasya- (upodaka- ). ,
: of the waterless.
6 (satrasahdsya-)...
satrasahd-.

461

7 ... (vidmd vah sarvdto bdndhv-)... -


.
8- () (urugulaya duhita \ jatd
dasydsiknya)... , , . -
: -gula- guda- b dasyd
dsiknyah.
9 ...
I, 191, 16.
10-11 (tabuva-)... macmyea (tastuva-).
- .

V, 14
, -
. -cympe .
. VII, 1.
: . ., . 112-113, 346.
: , 11 .
la-b =II,27,2a-b.
4 (samaksdm asm[ai])... , .
8d (pratihdrena haramasi)... ,
.
9 (krtavyadhani)... ,
, .
... (ud eniva varany...)...
varani- , -
: Up, like a she-antelope (eni), a she-elephant (? varani).
12c ... (rnrgdm iva)... :
.

V.15
. 11
. 10
: 1 10, 2
20 .. 100 1000.
osadhi-.
, , ,
( , : eka, tisrdh,
cdtasrah). -cympe -
.
: .
1 ([d\pavaktara[h])... -
( vac-). : the exercisers.

462
V

V, 16
, , , -
, .
, ,
-. -
2, dvivrso twice chief, :
Or perhaps rather double chief, triple chief, etc., or one of two", one
of three", etc.. ,
: (-araso 'si), -
(50 'podako 'si).
,
.
.
1 ... (ekavrso)... vrsd ; ;
; , . chief.

V,17
, ,
X, 109,
. -
(
), 4 .
: , 1-6 .
1 = , 109, 1.
1 {viduharas tdpa ugrdm mayobhur...)...
viduharas, tdpas, ,
tdpas , -
. tdpas, -
.
2 = , 109,2.
2 (anvartita)... N. sg. anvartitdr
.
; .: Kiihn, 1970, . 89-104.
3 = , 109, 3.
... (adhir asyd[h])... -
. ,
, ,
. -
, -.
4 .. {tarakaisa vikesi-)... , -
.
4d ...( (sasd)... .
5 = , 109, 5.
5 (brahmacari)... -
,

463

. ... (vevisad visah).


. visah . pi. vis-, -
, , , -
(EVP, t. XII, . 89)
. (Lubotsky, 1997, pt II, . 1327).
5b .. . (sd devdndm bhavatyekam d/lgam).
dflga- , .
5d ... (j'uhvam )... Juhu- . .
. ( )
. ,
, , , , -
, .
6 = X, 109, 4.
9 ...... . . . IV, 20,4.
9d (panedbhyo manavibhyah).
( jdnah),
10 = , 109,6.
11 = X, 109, 7.
lid ... (urugaydm). -
:
. -
machen sie dem weitschreitenden (Vi?nu) ihre
Aufwartung.
12a (satavahi)...
.
13 ...{?) (vikarndh prthusiras)... -
: A wide-eared, broad-headed [ox ?].
16d .. {-andikam... bisam)... , -
. bisa-
; .: Kuiper, 1991, . 25, 31, 63.

V, 18

-
, -
. .

. -
.
: , 4, 5, 8, 9, 13 .
1 ...... . . IV, 20,4.
4 ... ... 5
.
4d ... (taimatd-)... ,
; V, 13, 6.

464
V

5d (ndbhasT)... , .
... (... carantam). .
6 ... {priydtanor iva). :
, , ,
.
7- ..., ... {satapastham... tarn)...
,
.
8d ... (hrdbaldir...)... . :
having force from the heart.
lOd ... (yaitahavyah)... -
(yitdhavya- nom. pr. ; , , -
). ,
VI, 15.
11 (kesaraprabandha- ,
). Nom. pr. . .
12 ... (ekasatam ta Janata)... . p.
Janata- , , , .
.
13 ... (bhavaty dsthibhuyan).
, .
14 ... (?) (hantabhisastendras)...
abhisasta ( ), .
.

V, 19
. .
V, 18.
: , 2, 7 .
1 . . . IV, 14, 5. (srfijaya[h]).
Nom. pr. (srnjaya-) , -
, , -
. . . . V, 18,10.
2 (brhdtsaman- , -
). Nom. pr. .
2 ... (ubhayadam)...
ubhayadann.
... (... sulkdm Tsire)... , ()
.
4 ... (yavat sabhi vijd/igahe)... -
, ,
, gah- ,
, .
5 ... (trstdm pisitdm asyate)...
asyate.

465

6 ... (para... sicyate)... , .


9 ... , ,
.
9d (naradd). Nom. pr. ,
.
10d ... (nd... rastre jagara kdscand)... , -
.
11 ... ... b-d
V, 18, 12. .
12 ... (kudyam)... kudi- -.
Reisbundel, Buschel (Bohtlingk, Th. 2, . 88), -
etwa: Bundel, Rutenbundel, Buschel (EWA, Bd. I, c. 385).
, , -
, .
15d (nd mitram nayate vdsam)... : he
wins (rii) no friend to his control.

V,20

,
.
: . ., . 313-315, 392.
: .
1 (vanaspatydh sambhrta usriyabhih)...
.
1 (ksunuvano)... ksnuvano.
2b ... (vasitam)...
vasitdm.
4 ... ! .
7 .. (antaremi ndbhasT)\ -
.
10 ...... (amsun iva gravadhisdvane ddrir...)...
,
.
- (satrusan riisdd abhimatisahd... sdhamana...)...
sah- ,
.

V,21
, -
.
: . ., . 315-317, 392.
: , 1, 4, 5 , 6 (6 ),
11 - , 11 c-d 12 .

466
V

la (yihrdayam vaimanasydm)... -
, .
1 .. (?) (kdsmasam)... -
. hap. leg. , ,
kasmala- id.
=V,20, lb.
4-6 ... ... ... ...
.
: , , , , -
, , .
6 ... , , -
, , 5.
8 ... (chdydya sahd)... , .
9 (Jydghosa dundubhdyo \ 'bhi krosantu yd disah \ senah
pdrdjitd yatir \ amitrdndm ariikasdh)...
a-b c-d: , , -
... , .
10 ... .
10 (patsdflgiriir a sajantu)...
patsdflgin : am Fuss hangend
bleibend (Bbhtlingk, Th. 4, 18).
: , . : clinging to their feet,
fasten yourselves upon them (Bloomfield, 1973, 132); : let them
that have foot-fastenings fasten on.

V,22

, -,
. . . I, 25.
: . ., . 63-65, 334-335.
: , 1-2 , 5 .
lb- ... (gravan-)... (vedi-),
(barhis-)... (samidhah)\
, .
Id ... (amuydy. -
, .
2d ... ( adharaii)\ -
.
([a]vadhvamsd ivdrundh)... -
avadhvamsd-, dva dhvams- -
, . -
: ruddy like a sprinkling, : red like (saw-) dust (Zysk, 1985,
41).
... () (visvadhavirya)... -
, ; .
. V, 4.

467

4 (sakambhard-). , . -
, -
. : -
, ,
. , -
(Zysk, 1985, . 141).
4d (mahavrsah). Nom. pr. , -
(, , , ).
5 (mujavantah). Nom. . ,
.
5d ... (...asi bdlhikesu nyocardh). ,
ny-ocard- an einen Ort passend (EWA, Bd. I, c. 277). :
so long art thou at home among the Balhikas. (bdlhikdh).
Nom. pr. - .
6 ... (?) (vi gadd)\ . gad-
, , .
vi gad-. speak out (?), keep silent (Zysk, 1985, . 41).
6 ... {nistdkvarlm)...
takntdn-.
6d ... (vdjrena)\ , -
-takmdn.
7 ... (sudram)... sudrd- . . IV, 20, 4.
8- ... () (mahavrsdn mujavato \ bdndhv addhi
parityd)...
, .. .
-. : Going away, eat thou thy
connection (bandhu), the Mahavruas [and] MQjavants; -
, connection , .
9 ... (dbhud prarthas takma)... -
, .
lib (balasa-). . ,
,
(Zysk, 1985, . 32 .). ... (?) (uayugdm)\
. , -
: uncontrollable shaking? (Zysk, 1985, . 42).
12 .. (?) ()...
: I. sg. -, (-
, ?).
14 (gandhari-). Nom. pr. , -
( ).
14 (d/lgdh). Nom. pr. , ( -
). (-
gddhi-). Nom. pr. , (. ).
14c-d , (praisydn jdnam iva sevadhim)...
, . praisydn -
. .

468
V

V,23
,
-, , -

(. . II, 31).
. .
. VII, 2.
: . ., . 97-99, 343.
: , 13 .
la- (ote)... (pta)... (otau) -
, -
a va-, vayati. ,
brought in for my aid (Griffiths, 2004, c. 267). -


(. 13). .

. +
, : Heaven and earth have been
invoked for (by?) me (Zysk, 1985, 69).
4d (grdhrah kokascd)... koka-
(EWA, Bd. I, . 402). : the vulture and the cuckoo
(koka). : the greedy kokas
(Griffiths, 2004, . 269-270).
5a-b ... (sitikdksa[h])... (sitiba-
havah)... -
.
6 ... ... -
,
.
7- (yevasasah), (kdskasasa[h\), (ejatkah ,
), (sipavitnukah).
, - .
8 ... (nadaniman- , )...
.
8d ... (khdlva-)... , ,
(EWA, Bd. I, . 450).
10 =11, 32, 3; . .
11 =11, 32,4.
12 =11,32,5.

V.24

.

469

: -
( ), -
-
, . - -
,
.
,
, -.
1 (savitdr-)... Norn. . ,
su-, suvdti .
, ,
(prasavd-). ... (asydm
purodhayam)... . . purodha- -
(. ).
4 ... (ydruno pam adhipatih). -
:
rtd- . (
) (.: Kuiper,
1979, . 74 .)
5 -- (mitravdrunau)... -
, . ,
, , , -
.
9 ... (suryas cdksusam adhipatih). -
: is overlord of sights (or eyes: cdksus).
12 . , -
.
13 ... (prajdnam). praja- -
.
14 ... {pitfnam). (pitdrah- 15)
, ,
.
16 {fata dvare)... , 17,
tatd-\ . (EWA,
Bd. I, . 616). , , ,
, .
17 , (tatds tatamahas)...
tatas.

V,25

,
: , ,
,
..
: . ., . 224-226, 372.

470
V

: , 13 , .
la- (samabhrtam)... . ...
(pdrvatad)... parvata , -
.
3 = X, 184, 2; .
. . . , 26, 2.
5 = , 184, 1.
6d ..., {garbhakdranam)\ -
, .
8 {adhi skanda)\ skand- , a adhi
skand , ().
9 (barhatsama-)... Nom. pr. .
9d ... (ubhayavinam). , -
. : partaking of both.

V,26
, , -
: , , -
, . -
: ,
.. , ,
! (svdha) !, !, ,
.
: . ., . 270-271, 382.
,
( , -
), 12 4 .
1 (ydjumsi)...
, .
... (suyujah)... G. sg.,
, , :
, ..
, -
. pi.
4 (praisd[h])...
,
, .
5 (chandamsi)...
, , -
.
8 ... ... -
.
9 ... ... .
10 ... ...
.

471

11 .:. ...
.
12 ! (yasatkarend)... -
, - .
12 ... ! .

V,27
(. . V,
12), .
( ).
: -
,
( ).
, , .
-, -
, -
.
1 ... {) (sdsunus)...
, (,
).
... (prainano)... .
(devdh savita)... savitdr-
, . . .
6 {tan)... .
6 {vdsavas cdtisthan vasudhataras ca)...
. barhis- ,
, 9.
8 = , 110,6.
10 ... {puruksu)... -
(EWA, Bd. I, . 433).'
11 ... {vanaspate)... , -
.

V.28
, , . -
: ,
. -. -
, ,
.

. II, 59 ( Zehnder, 1999, . 133-137).
: (), 6 (5 ), 7, 9,
10,12,13 .
1 {sdm mimite)... ;
. , .

472
V

lc-d .
1 () (hdrite)... . ... -
(tdpasavisthitani). avistitani ( vest-),
. II, 59, 10.
.. (purusasya bhuma)... . .: -
. : affluence of man.
6b-d ... ... (... ... )...
.
7 . . . IV, 29, 3.
7 . . . IV, 29, 3.
7 ... (tredhamrtasya cdksanam)... -
,
11.
8 ... (ekaksaram abhisambhuya)... -
aksara- : a single
syllable, ,
, , , .
8 (prdtyauhan mrtywn amrtena sakdm)...
: they bore back death along with the immortal; : da
drangten sie den Tod zurflck mit dem unsterblichen zusammen (Zehnder,
1999, 135).
1 lc ... (tdsmai ndmo dasaprdcTh krnomy...)... . -
(X, 34, 12),
: () | () -
... (tdsmai krnomi... \ ddsahdm praclh tddrtam vadami).
12c ... (dharjatasya)...
dharjata- ,
(B6htlingk, Th. 1, . 155), .. .
13d ... () (?) (tena sdmhanu krnmasi).
. : with that we make [thee] of closed jaw
(? samhanu).

V,29
, -

.
: . ., . 286-288, 387.
: , 3 3 , 12-15 .
1 , ... : ,
.
2 ( dideva)... :
.
4d ... (yavistha)... ; -
,
.

473

5d .. (erayamah)... 1- caus.
, .
6 , { supakve)... -
.
7 ... (manthe)...
, .
8 (sdyanam)...
sdyanah.
12d ...... (amsur ivd pyayatam)\ -
, , ,
, .
13d .. (ayaksmdm)... . . II, 33.
15 ... (tarstaghir... samidhah)... . leg. .
. , , -
*trstagha (EVP, t. II,
. 109, 1).

V.30
, -
.
: , 1 (5 ), 1 2 -
, (6 , 5 ), 14 -
, 17 (6 ).
la- (avdtas ta avdtah | paravdtas ta avdtah)... -
, -as . sg. G. sg.
. , , :
, , . -
: From near thy vicinity, from near thy distance (do
I call) (Bloomfield, 1973, 59).
2c ()...
dvandva,
- .
5 ... {) {sdrjatah)...
. : shall infuse (?).
5 ... (pratydk sevasva bhesajdm)... .
: heed thou the opposing remedy.
6c ... (dutau yamdsyd)\
, , , -
, , .
7 ... (uddyanam pathdh)...
.
8 ..... . . II, 33.
10 ... .
1 la- ... , ,
, .

474
VI

16 {tvdya)... taya.
16d . . . IV, 9, 8.

V,31
,
.
.
: . ., . 114-115, 346.
: , 11 , , 12
.
1 ... { patre)...
.
Id ... (punahprdti harami tam)\
, .
2 ... (?) (kuririni)... .
kurira- n. . -
.
.
4 ... {naraci-). .
8 ... {smasane)... ,
.
9 {) {mrokdm)... -
(EWA, Bd.'ll, . 388).
10 ... ... ... .
lla-c =IV, 18, -.
12 ... (mahata vadhena)...
, .

VI

VI, 1

: , .
: .
1 ... {brhad gaya)\ -
. {sdmari), -
. : sing
greatly.
lb {dyumdd dhehi)...
. . : put

475

clearly. , . ..... .
.
2 ... ... , -
.
-b ... (savita savisad)...
- , ,
savitar-.
... () (amrtani bhuri)... :
.
... (ubhe sustuti)... ;
, , . -
, : .

VI, 2
, . 2 ,
-, ,
, .
: .
1 ... () (d... dhavata)...
, .
2 ... (mrdho... raksasvimh)\
. : beat off the hostile
brood of the Rakjas! (Bloomfield, 1973, 66).
3a-b = PB VII, 32, 8a-b.

VI, 3
-
( ) .
: 1 , 2-3 .
1 (), ( napat)... -
, ,
II, 35, (-
). ... (sindhavah saptd)...
.
- ( ), -
.
2d ...() (patv agnih siva asya
paydvah)... , , -
.
... ( urusyatam)\ -
. -
: .
3d ... (sarvdtataye)\ -
: , -
.

476
VI

VI, 4

, , -
-
.
: 1 , 2 ,
(12+8:12+8), 3 .
1 ... ... ... . -
, 2,
.
2d (yavayacchdtrum dntitam)... ,
, , . yavdya
dntitas, : repel the foe from near by.
... () (dhiye)\ dhi- -
. (Gonda, 1963; . : -
, 1993, . 19-20).
...... ,
-.

VI, 5

-
(pdrvari),
.
: .
2 ... (jlvatave)... , -
.
-d = X, 173, -d.

VI, 6
, -
, .
: . ., . 135, 350.
: .
lc-d = VII, 54, -d.
2 ... ,
,
.
( asya bdlam lira)... .
dva tira- ( tar- -
).
3d ... (mahfva dydur vadhatmdna)\ .
vadhatmdnd . -
. : draw (tr) away his strength, like the great sky, even now (?).

477

VI, 7

, -
.
: .
1 ... (mitrS[h])... ,
.
2 ... (... tend)...
. . ( 3). ... -
... ... . ,
, .
... (avrmdhvam)... -
. : ye did repel.

VI, 8
, -
. - .
( ) .
: . ., . 174-175, 360.
: .
2 ..., (ydtha suparndh prapdtari)... -
, .

VI, 9
-
, .
: .
Id ... (kamena susyantu)\ sus- -
, :
. -
, ..
2c-d = III, 25, 5c-d.
(yasam nabhir arehanam)... :
: ", ..
". .

VI, 10
- -
: , -
.
, , ,
, (indriya).
.
.

478
VI

VI, 11
-
, ,
, .
: .
1 . . . V, 4, 3. -
( ). (sami-) -
, Prosopis spicigera (EWA, Bd. II, . 611-612).
. -
( ).
. . .
3D . . .
-d ... ... ...
. ., .

VI, 12
-
, .
: . ., . 89, 341.
: .
1 ... (jdgad...)... ^-
(sthatdr-).
... (anydd dhamsat)... hamsa- -
, .
. , ,
( ) , .
.
2 ... (ydd bhutdm bhdvyam asanvdf)...
asanvdt- , ,
, (Bohtlingk,
Th. 1, . 194).
... (mddhu-) , -
.
(pdrumi- , ).
(. ). (sipala-). -
Vallisneria spiralis (EWA, Bd. II, . 643);
Blyxa octandra (Bohtlingk, Th. 6, . 243).

VI, 13
(mrtyu-) -
. : -
.
, ,
, .

479

: . ., . 161, 357.
: .
1 ... (yadhd-)... . .
1 ... (yisydndm)... . . IV, 20, 4.
2- ...... (adhivdkaya... paravakdya)...
, vac-
.
2c-d ...... (sumatydi... durmatydi)... -
: su- dur-
.
3d (brdhmanebhyo)... . . II, 6, 3.

VI, 14

(. . V, 22, 11, : Zysk, 1985, . 32-33). -
, : -
, ,
.
: . ., . 65, 335.
: .
2 ... (muskardm yatha). , -
- ; , (.:
Bohtlingk, Th. 5, . 92; EWA, Bd. II, . 363).
... .
... (asumgdh)\ , -
.

VI, 15
, -
. -, .
: . ., . 203, 367.
: .
1 = X, 97,23; .
1 ... (osadhindm). osadht- -
.
2- = VI, 54, -
... (talasa)... . ,
.

VI, 16
.
. , -, . -
,

480
VI

(sarsa-
) , ,
. . -
.
la- (abayo anabayo)...
avayu- ( blv -
) a vay- ( a vf-) , (EWA, Bd. I,
. 133).
2 (yihdlha-). .
2 (maddvatt). , . -
: ,
.
2c-d (sd hina tvdm asi \ yds tvdm atmanam avayah)...
. . ., ,
. : for thou art he, not thyself, thou that
didst consume thyself; : Thou art verily not such, as to have
consumed thy own self (Bloomfield, 1973, 30). {avayah)...
avayu- 1.
(tduvilike)... , ,
. -, ,
, , (tuvi-) (Hoffmann,
1976, . 393).
3d ... (apehi nirala)\ , , -
. . dpehi nir
ala , ( ) (Hoffmann, 1976, . 394).
4 ... (alasala-)... , ()
, (alasa=arasa, ala ) (Hoffmann, 1976, . 394).
4b ... (sildnjala)... , ,
, sild=sila -
(Arsenik), .. (Hoffmann, 1976, . 394).
4 (mlagalasdla)... ,
, {riilag-alasdla) (Hoff-
mann, 1976, . 394).

VI, 17
. -
.
: . ., . 84, 340.
: .
1-4 ... (dhriyatam)... (dadhard)... -
dhar- .
...- (pdrvatan giriri)... .: -
, 1999, . 174-176.
4 ... (Jdgat)... , ; . -
, I, 31, 4.

16. 481

VI, 18

, , -
, ,
, .
: . ., . 180-181, 362.
: .
2 ... (mrtd-)... , - -
, ,
.

VI, 19
-
: , . -
- (
, ).

(pdvamana-), (pavitra-).
.
: 1 , 2-3 .
1 (pdvamanah)... , -
, .
-b = IX, 67, 25-.

VI, 20

- -
; . . I, 25 IV, 9, 8.
.
. 1 .
la- (agner ivasya ddhata eti susmina | uteva matto vildpann
dpayati)... -
, , -
. , (Zysk, 1985, . 42,
146-147), ,
3 . . . ( ),
(eti dpayati). : Of him as of burning fire goeth the
vehemence (?) (: susmas susminas).
lc ... (avratds)... , .
2 ... {psadhibhyah)\
.
3d (vdnyaya)... , vdna- . : the
woody takman.

482
VI

VI, 21

(virudha-), -
, (bhesaja-),
.
: .
1 ... ... , , : -
, , , -
.
2 (-) (somo bhdga iva ydmesu)... -
( ) .
- .

VI, 22
-
.
: .
1 =1,164, 47; .
2 ... (psadhih)... .
3 , ... ,
, -
. :
udapruto marutas tan iyarta
vrstir yd visva nivdtas prnati \
ejati glaha kanyeva tunna-
erum tundand patyevajaya \ \
marutas N. pi., V. , ,
2 pi. . pi. tan
meghan . 3D -
. glaha , -
: glaha < galha < gdlda (Falk, 1986,
. 116). tunnd tundand tud- ,
, .. - -
, . -
: besamend, Besamen> (EWA, Bd. I, c. 269-270).

VI, 23
, ( , -
), , -
.
: . ., . 282, 385-386.
: 1 , 2 , 3 .
2 ... (pta dpah karmanya[h])... , , -
, , .. , -
.

16* 483

2b ... , -
, ,
, .
(devdsya savituh save)... ,
su- .

VI, 24

, , -
, , -
.
: . ., . 283, 386.
: .
1 ... () (himdvatah)... .
1 ... . .
sindhu- . . (. 3).
2 ... (prdpada-)... ,
( ).

VI, 25
,
. apacit- ,
, , , -
, ( .:
Zysk, 1985, . 82-86). ,
, ,
, ..
,
.
- , -
.
: .
1 ... (mdnyd[h])... : -
; : those of the nape.
Id ... (yakd[h])... : the noises (?); : the
words (Zysk, 1985, 85).
2b ... (grdivyd[h]) ... , .
... (skdndhyd[h])... , .

VI, 26
, -,
(
), , -
.
: .

484
VI

(anydtrasmdn nyucyatu)... ,
. ni uc- , -
; .: Kulikov, 2001, . 394-395.

VI, 27
X, 165, 1-3 -
. ,
. -
, -,
(., , ),
. -,
,
, .
X, 165 .: , 1995, . 76-78.
: , 2 .
Id ... (sdm no astu dvipdde sdm cdtuspade)... ,
, .
2d ... (hetih )\
.
... (astrt)... L. sg. : ,
(.: EWA, Bd. I, . 180-181).

VI, 28
VI, 27 29
. ,
.
, -
X .
: 1 , 2 , 3 .
1 = X, 165, 5; .
1 ... ... . -
, , -
(. 2).
Id .. (prdpadatpdthisthah)...
prd patat pdtisthah; superl. pat- .
2 ... X, 155, 5. ... , -
.
... {pravdtam dsasada)... . X, 14, 1:
, ,
.
3d = , 165,4d; .

VI, 29
, -
.

485

: . ., . 152, 354.
: 1-2 , 3 , (7 ).
1- = , 165,4-.
-d (pdratl evd para vada \ pdraclm dnu
samvatam)... para- , -
.

VI, 30

. . VI,
11, 1. sami- ,
( 3). 1, ,
. ,
2-3 .
: 1 , 2 , 3 .
1 ... (?) (manav).
manav.
2 , (yds te mdda[h])... ,
(, -
). , (avakesd-, vikesd-),
.

VI, 31

, , (-
): , . -
X, 189. ,
.
: .
1 ... (ayam gduh prsnir akramid \ dsadan matdram
purdh | pitdram ca praydnt svah)... He ,
: , svar .
, . :
Hither has stridden this spotted steer, hath sat upon his mother in the east,
and going forward to his father, the heaven (svar).
2 (rocana)... ,
. : moves between the shining spaces.
2b (asyd pranad apanatdh)... . -
, . , :
apanati , ..
. ,
prd an- an- . ,
,
(EVP, t. XV, . 13).
2 (mahisdh)... .

486
VI

(trimsad dhama vi rajati)... . -


, 30 ,
(Geldner, 1951, . 3, . 403).
{yakpatafigo asisriyai)... , .
, : -
, -
. -
.

VI, 32

, -
.
: , 2 , .
2 ... (asarait)... sar-,
.

VI, 33
, ,
, ,
-
. .
: 1 , 2 , 3 .
1 (ydsyeddm a rdjo yiijas \ tujejana vdnam svah | indrasya
rdntyam brhdt)... -
.
2 (dhrsdno dhrsitdh sdvah)...
. . . ., sdvah
.
2 ... {) (vyathih srdva[h])... -
avyathi-.
... (pisd/lgasamdrsam)\
, , .

VI, 34

. X, 187.
-, .
: .
1 ... (dti dvisah)\ dvis-
: over our haters.
... (pdrasyah paravdtas)... , -
.
. (EVP, t. XIV, . 102).

487

4a-b ...... ... ( ),


(vipdsyati... sam ca pdsyati)... -
, .

VI, 35
, -, -
, -
.
: .
2d ... () (dmhasu)... L. pi.
-as.

VI, 36
, , ,
.
: .
1 (rtuvanam)...
rtd-, - .
2 (sd visvaprdti caklp[e]). : shaped
himself unto all being.
-b ... () (agnih pdresu dhdmasu \ kamo bhutdsya
bhdvyasya)... He , -
.

VI, 37

, , -
,
(-, ).
: ,
, .
: .
1 () ... .
2d ... (asdnih)... , -
. dsan- , . ,
, .
-b = VII, 61,1-.
(sune pestram ivdvaksamam)...
. pestra-, ,
(Bohtlingk, Th. 4, . 121), (Bloomfield, 1973,
. 93). : ...him, withered (?), I cast forth for death. -
( pis- )
(Zysk, 1985, . 199). ... (?) (dvaksamam). -
: dva-ksamam.

488
VI

VI, 38
, -, -
, ,
, .
: .
1 ... ...
.
2 ... (dvipini)... ; dvlpin-
.
4 ... ... . . IV, 20, 4. ...
{ayatayam)... . .,
. p.: isu- erpena,jyd- .

VI, 39
.
ydsas-
.
: 1 , 2 , 3 .
1 ... (prasdrsranam anu dirghdya caksase)...
. :
!
2 ... (ydsobhir...)\ , .

VI, 40
, -, ,
, .
,
.
: . ., . 222, 372.
: , 3 .
1-3 (abhayam) ... (qsatru)... -
(anamitrdm)... -
, -
.

VI, 41
.
-, ,
( -
, , ).
: , 3 .
1 ... ( ) (srutdya)...
: sruta- (pp.

489

sru- ) , ( ), .. ,
smrta- (pp. smar- ) , .
2 ... ()... vyand- -
- , .
2 . . . .: . IIV,
. 442.
() ( tanupa nas tattvas tanujdh)...
, tanu- , -
.

VI, 42
- -
, .. , .
1, , 2
, 3 -
( ).
: . ., . 148, 353.
: .
Id (sdcavahai)... , -
.
-d = VI, 43, -d.
3d ... , -
.

VI, 43
, , -
, ,
.
(darbhd-), , , .
(kusd-) cynosuroides.
: .
lc-d ( vimanyukasyaydm \ manyusdmana
ucyate)... :
vimanyukasya vimanyukas ca,
.
-b ...... (yi te hanavyam sardnim \ vi te mukhyam
nayamasi)... . , -
.
-d = VI, 42, -d.

VI, 44
. -,
(Zysk, 1985, . 75-78). -

490
VI

, (visana-),
. , ,
. , ,
, 3, visanaka
visana-.
: , 3 , .
1 .. (Jdgaf)... . . I, 31,4.
3 ... . ...()
(yatlkrtanasarii).
. ,
va- , va- (EWA. Bd. II, . 542).
, , ,
, .

VI, 45
- -
. -
, , (, -
), .
: . ., . 166, 358.
: 1 , 2 , 3 -
.
2 = X, 164, 3; .
2 ..., , (avasasa nihsasa yat
parasds[a])... sams- ,
. ,
.
(a/lgirasd-)... , , -
; -
/.

VI, 46

: , , ,
, -
.. , ,
, , , ; .: -
, 1995, . 209-221.
: 1-2 , , 3 .
1 (yarunant-)... Nom. . .
,
(Bloomfield, 1973, . 485). (ardru- , ). Nom. pr.
.
3 = VIII, 47,17a-d; .

491

VI, 47

, -, -
.
: .
1 (yaisvanard)...
(. ). (yisva).
...... . . IV, 12, 7.
(saudhanvandh sudhdnvan- , -
). -
, ,
,
(. I, 161).

VI, 48

, -
, .
, , .
1 . , . -
8- (3 8 ).
2 . 12- (4 12 -
).
3 . , . -
11- (4 11 ). -
. , . 43-45.

VI, 49
, . ,
, , , -
. -,
.
: 1 , 2-3 .
la- ... (nahi... andmsa)... , . ...
(te... tanvah)... : the cruelty of thy self.
2a (mesa iva)... .
2b (?) iydd uttaradrav uparasca
khadatah)... .
: ultaradrd- etwa oberer Stein einer Miihle
oder Presse (Bohtlingk, Th. 1, 222). . .
3 = X, 94, 5; .
: (ni ydn niydnty...
ni yanty), ... (niskrtim niskrtdm), ... ,
(suryasritah suryasvitah). X, 94
.

492
VI

VI, 50
.
-, , , -
, . -
, -
.
: . ., . 144, 352.
: 1 , 2-3 .
1 ... (tarddm)... .
( tard- ). ,
. ... (sama/lkdm-
. )... (EWA, Bd. II,
. 702). ... (akhum)... ,
khan- (EWA, Bd. I, . 446). : the rat.
2b ... (upakvasa)\
.
... (ydghapate)... -
.

VI, 51
-, -
, , -
.
: 1 , 2 , 3 .
1 ... (vayoh... pavitrena)... .: , -
. , -
.
- , .
2 = X, 17,10 .
3 = VII, 89, 5 .

VI, 52
, -
, : , .
: .
1 = 1 , 191, 9; .
2a-b,d =PB, 1,191, 4a-b,d.
. . . IV, 29, 5.

VI, 53

: ,
, , ,
.

493

: . ., . 304, 390.
: .
1 ..., (sukro brhdri)... , -
, .
1 . . . .
2- ... (prand-)... (atmdn-)... (asu-)... -
,
. : breath... soul... spirit.
... (payasa)... pdyas
, , ; .

VI, 54
-,
. ,
.
: .
la- (iddtn tddyujd uttaram \ indram sumbhamy dstaye)...
, ,
-. .
-b =VI, 15,2a-b.
-d = VI, 6, lc-d.

VI, 55
-
.
: . ., . 304, 390.
: (), 2 .
1 ..., (pdnthano... devayana[h])... -
, ; ,
;
pitryanah , .
-b ...... ... {idavatsardya parivatsardya \ samvatsaraya)...
() :
, , -
; ; , -
.
-d ... ,
.

VI, 56


, .
, : , ,

494
VI

; , ,
, ,
.
: 1 , 2-3 .
2 ... (asitayd)... - (tirascirajaye)...
(babhrave)... . (svajaya
, )...
(Bdhtlingk, Th. 7, . 231) (EWA, Bd. II, . 788).
3d ... (asydm)... (asna)... ,
: as-ya-
as-dn-.

VI, 57

, , ..
. , , -
(Jalasd-) . , ,
, (Zysk, 1985, . 93-95). -
, ,
.
: , 3 (?).
Id ... .
2 {jalasd-)... (EWA, Bd. I,
. 579).
... () (ksama rdpo)\ , -
(VIII, 20, 26; X, 59, 8).

VI, 58

-, , -
.
.
: . ., . 223, 372.
: 1 , 2 11+12: 8+11 (, ,
), 3 .

VI, 59
, -,
. ,
,
(. . IV, 12).
: . ., . 208, 368.
: .
2 ... (sahd devir arundhati)... --
sahddevl.

495

VI, 60

, -,

, .
: .
2 ... (sdmanam)... .
2d ... () (anyah... ayati)...
, .
-d (dhdtd... dadhatu)... Figure etymologica.

VI, 61

. -
.
, , ,
.., .
: .
1 ... (mdhyam suro abharaj jyotise kdm)...
, , abharat
bhavatu .
1 ... (tapoja[h])...
: , , .
Id ... ()\ : expansion.
2 (ahdm viveca)... -
. . : expanded (?).
2b ...... .
2 ... (ahdm satydm dnrtam ydd vddamy)... -
. : I speak true what is
untrue.
3b ... (saptd sindhuri). , , -
. -
; .: . IIV, . 442.

VI, 62

,
, , .
: .
1 ... (-isiro ndbhobhih)]
,
.
2 ... (ydsya dsas tanvd vttdprsthah)... .
, , , .

496
VI

VI, 63
, , -
, -, , -
(. . VI, 43), -
.
4 .
: , 4 .
Id ... (-adomaddm)] -
, doman- ( du-, dunoti
, ; -
dav-), , : ...wenn doman- 'Beschwerde, Qual'
*brennend[er Schmerz]"... (EWA, Bd. I, c. 708).
2a ... ... .
2 ...... ] , -
.
2c-d = VI, 84, -d.
3 = VI, 84,4.
... , .
3d ... .
4 = , 191, 1.

VI, 64
, , -
X, 191, 2-4. , -,
, ,
.
.
sam samand- , , .
, -. ,
.
.: , 1995, . 42 .; , 1993,
. 147-149.
: , 2 .
2 (samand mdntrah sdmitih samant \ samanam vratdm sahd
cittdm esam \ samanena vo havisa juhomi \ samanam ceto abhisdmvi-
sadhvam)... , -
: sam man- .

VI, 65
, -, -
.
: , 1 .
la- (dva)... . .
1 (pdrasara)... ,
.

497

Id ...... ( ) (pdrancam susmam ardaya-)... .


, ( ).
2 ... ... .

VI, 66

, .
: , 1 .

VI, 67
, -
. , ,
.
: .
1 ... ,
. .
-b (disu nahya vrsajinam | harinasya bhiyam krdhi)...
. (
) . . ajinam,
. : Fasten thou, as bull, the skin upon them; make the fear
of the fallow-deer. ,
.

VI, 68

-
, : -
16
; .
, -
.
: . ., . 279, 384.
( ): 1 , 2 , 3
.
Id () (somasya rajHo vapata)... -
: klinnan kesan ( ).
2d ... () (cdksase)\ . -
.
... ... , .

VI, 69

:
, -
..

498
VI

: .
1 ... (aragdratesu)... -
.
1 ... (suraydm)... ( ),
; -
, ,
. .: Oort, 2002, . 355-360.
3d ... (divi dyam iva)\ -
.

VI, 70

, ,
.
, -
.
: . ., . 209, 368.
: .
la- ... ... -b
() : -
. ...... . . VI, 69, 1.
1 ... (aghnya-)... , -
.
-b (ydtha pradhir ydthopadhir \ ydthd ndbhyam pradhav
ddhi)... . -
, .

VI, 71
. -
, , -
, -
.
: . ., . 161, 356.
: 1-2 , , 3 -
.
1 ... (bahudha)... ;
, .
...... (ddsydnn ddasyann...)... -
.

VI, 72
-
.
: , 1 .

499

1 ... (arkd-)... , ,
(Calotropis gigantea). arkd- , -
.. .
Id ...... , membrum virile -
: sepa- m. 1) , 2)
; pdsas- n. angina- n. hap. leg., -
dfiga- . 1) , , 2) . ...-
(-dflgenatigam sdmsamakam krnotu)... -
.
2 ... (tayadardm-)... ,
tayadara- .
2 ... (?) (pdrasvataK)...
pdrasvat- . der
wilde Esel (Bohtlingk, Th. 4, . 33).
X, 86, 18. : ein grosseres
Thier, vielleicht der wilde Esel (BR) (Grassmann, 1955, 782).
Waldesel. : un
onagre (Renou, 1956, . 95), :
rhinoceros (EVP, t. XVI, . 148).
: ein gropes Tier, wahrschein-
lich Nashorn (EWA, Bd. , 88).

VI, 73

, , -
, ,
. -
: , .
: . ., . 203, 367.
: ().
Id (ugrdsya cettuh)... Cettdr- nom. ag.
cit- , , , -
..
2 {tan)... - . -
. .
... , .
(yastospdti-)... -
.

VI, 74

, -
.
: , 3 .
2 ... (bhdgasya ydc chrantdm)... -
srantd- . sram-

500
VI

, ( ).
: what of Bhaga is wearied; ; with the aid of
Bhaga's exertions (Bloomfield, 1973, 135).
... () (trinaman-)... , .

VI, 75

,
, .
: , 3 (6 ).
lc-d (nairbadhyena havisa-)... ,
, , . , -
a-b: I thrust yon
man out of home, the rival who fights (us), with the oblation of ejectment;
Indra hath demolished him.
...() ... .
.. ( janaA ati)\
.

VI, 76

.
: , 3 .
1 ... () (cdksase)... : in order to beholding
(him). : that he may
become conspicuous.
2b .. (paddm a rabhe)... ,
( ). : I take hold of the track (?).
(-abhihvare)... , ,
(Avar-).
4- ... (- ...ghnanti)... (nd- ...dva gacchati)...
.
4d ... ( grhnaty...)... ,
.

VI, 77
- . -
, , , -
. -
.
.
: .
1 (dsthad)... -
stha- ,

501

: (asthdne), (sthamny...\
(atisthipam caus.). -b -
, , ,
, .
2- = X, 19,5-; .
2c-d = X, 19, 4c-d. , -
.

VI, 78
, -
, -
.
: .
1 ... (bhutena havisa)...
bhutd- ( bhu- ) -.
, actual (?) oblation.

VI, 79
-
, , .
: , 3 .
1 ... {ndbhasas pdtih)... -
, .
1 ... (?) (asamatim)...
. :
unequal ledness (?).

VI, 80
. ,
,
(Bloomfield, 1973, . 500-501). (kalakanja -
) , -
. ,
, .
.
: -
, (
).
: . ., . 318, 393.
: , 3 , .
1 -b = X, 136, 4-; .
2 ... , , ,
, .
-b ... .

502
VI

VI, 81

.
: .
1 ... .
Id ... (parihasto abhud aydm). 2- 3-
. pari-
hastd- , .
2 (?) (maryade)... ,
.
2d ... (?) (agame)\ Voc. sg. f.,
, ; maryada, ,
parihasta .

VI, 82
, -
.
: . ., . 179, 361.
: .
1 ...
.
2- ...
X, 85, .
. ( )
.
3d (sacipati-). (, , -
), .. .

VI, 83
(. . VI, 25) -
.
: . ., . 67, 336.
: , 4 .
2- ... apacit- .
, , ,
(Zysk, 1985, . 83).
3d (?) (galunto nasisyati)... . . -
Abl. sg. gala-
. : it shall disappear from the neck (?).
4 ... , ,
.

503

VI, 84

, -
(nirrti- {.). -
, .
: . ., . 124,348.
: 1 3 , 2 ,
(3 ), 4 .
2 (?) (bhute)... , bhuti- -
, , ; , -
. . - -
bhumi- bhuti-.
... ... , -
( 4).
-d = VI, 63, 2c-d.
4 = VI, 63, 3.

VI, 85

(. . II, 33), -
varana- (Crataeva
Roxburghii), .
var- -
, ; ,
: 1 (varayatai),
(avivarari); 2 iyarayamahe); 3 -
().
: .
-b ...Bpumpa ... ,
, .
;
. I, 32 .
(yisvddha yatih)...
.

VI, 86

, .
: . ., . 204, 367.
: .
1 (vrsindrasya)... (vrsan-) -
. ,
- .
... () (devanam ardhabhag asi). : partsharer of
the gods art thou. , ,
, .

504
VI

VI, 87
-
X, 173. :
, ,
. (dhruvd-).
: .
1 ... (antdr abhur...). -
.

VI, 88
X,
173, 4-5, .. .
: 1-2 , 3 .
... (-ddharanpadayasva)\ , .
3d ... (kalpatam)... ,
.

VI, 89
, :
.
: . ., . 176, 361.
: .
1 ... (?) (prenydh siro)... preni-
. , liebreich, liebend ( prl-) (Grassmann,
3d 1955, . 894); , (EWA, Bd. , . 191).
... (sdmasyatam)\ , , , .

VI, 90
. -
, , -
. -
.
: . ., . 159, 356.
: ( 3 ).

VI, 91
,
.
, .
: . ., . 79-80, 338.
: .
2 = X, 60, 11; .
3 = X, 137, 6; .

505

VI, 92


, .
: , 1 .
1 ... {indrsya... prasave)... -
.
2 ... (-dcarat pdrittaK)... -
. :
that went about committed to the hawk.
3 ... X, 56, 2, -
, .

VI, 93
, , -
.
: .
1 (sarvd-)... Nom. pr. , -
. ,
. ... (nilasikhandah)...
.
2 (bhavd-)... N o m . pr. -. ,
.
-... . .
.

VI, 94
-
.
: , 2 .
1 = III, 8, 5.
2 = III, 8, 6.
- =V, 23,1-.

VI, 95
,

(Zysk, 1985, . 151); . . V, 4.
.
: .
1 = V, 4, 3.
2 =V,4,4.
... (himdvatam)... .

506
VI

VI, 96
. -
, -
, , . -
, , ,
..
: , 3 .
1- = X, 97,18-; .
2 = VII, 117, 2 X, 97, 16 ( ).
...... (jdgrato yat svapdntah)... , ...
.

VI, 97

( ) -
.
: , 2 .
2 (svadha'stu)... : Be there
svadha.
2c-d = I, 24, 9c-d; .
3 ... X, 103,6.
3d (jayantam ajma)... -,
.

VI, 98

, ,
.
: . ., . 308, 391.
: .
1 {adhirajo rajasu rajayatai)... -
raj- .
(ydtra ydnti srotyas tdj jitdm te)...
, -
, . ,
.

VI, 99

, VI, 97.
: , 3 .
1 ...- (ydrimatah)... -
-tas . -

507

() -
.
2 ...... ... .

VI, 100
,
(upajika-), .
,
, .. , , . , -
, ,
:
, -
, .
: . ., . 90, 341-342.
: .
1 ... -
. , -
.
-d (sa devanam asi svdsa)... , ( 2 .
. .) . ... (sa cakartha)... , -
( 2 .). .

VI, 101
-
(. . VI, 72).
: .
3 = IV, 4, 7.

VI, 102

-
, -
, , -
3, , .
: .
.. (madughasya)...
.
...... . . V, 4. ... (ndladasya).
Nardostachys Jatamansi.

VI, 103
-
. , , -
, .

508
VI

: .
1 (sarndanam vo... karat)...
: - .
... (ketun krtva-)... : .

VI, 104
. . VI, 103.
da-, dydti ,
.
: . ., . 135, 350.
: .
Id .. (sdmacchidan)...
sdmacchidam.

VI, 105
,
,
, , , .
: . ., . 65, 335.
: .
1 ... (manasketdih)... : with mind-
aims; : with its perceptions (Zysk, 1985, . 45).
Id (?) (dnupravdyyam)... -
prd vf- .

VI, 106
, -,
, -
. ,
..
: . ., . 158, 355.
: .
1 ... (durva[h])... Panicum Dactylon.
2a-b = P B X , 142,7a-b.
2 ... ( grhdh)... . . -
grha- . . .
2d ...() ! , -
.

VI, 107
, -
,
. .
.

509

: ( ).
Id ... (cdtuspadydc ca nah svdm)\ -
: (sg. ),
.

VI, 108

, -

, .
: . ., . 220, 371.
: , 2 3 .
2 (brdhmanvatim brdhmajutam)...
brahman- , ,
brahman .
2 (prdpltam)... , -
.
. . .

VI, 109

, -
(, ) .
(pippali-), Ficus religiosa, .
(.: Kuiper, 1991, . 61).
, , ,
(
CM.:EWA, Bd. , . 133).
: . ., . 80, 339.
: .
lc-d ... {tarn devah sdmakalpayann \ iydm jivitava dlarri)...
d -
( ). -
: ... that did the gods prepare (sam-kalpay-); that is sufficient
for life.
2c-d =PBX,97, 17c-d.
... (yatikrta-)... . . VI, 44, 3.

VI,
,
.
,
, .
: . ., . 166, 358.
: .

510
VI

1 = VIII, 11, 10.


(EVP, t. XIII, 1967, . 64-65).
2- ... () (jyesthaghnyam)... -
, .
.
, : -
(jyesthaghni-), (yicrtau
yamdsya) (mulabdrhana-).
2 ...... .
... (jayamanah suvirah). -
.

VI, 111
. ,
- -, -
.
: . ., . 71, 337.
: , 1 , .
1 ... ...
, , ,
.
3 ... ... -b c-d.
...- (devainasad)... -
- -
.
-b (unmaditam)... (unmattam)...
iid mad-. -
. -
, , (. Whitney, 1885, . 118).

VI, 112
, -
, . -
, (. -
, I, 2, 4), , -
, ;
, .
: . ., . 162, 357.
: .
1 (majyesthdm vadhld)...
(mulaharhanat)... (v/ crta)... -
,
VI, 110, 2. ...... ,
.
2 ... (trayas tribhir)] .

511

... (pdrivitta)...
.
3d = VI, 113, 2d.

VI, 113
- ,
.
: . ., . 162-163, 357.
: .
1 . . .
, , , , , -
, ,
(. VI, 112).
2c-d ... (anase)... ... (nasayantu)... -
, -
: as- nas-.
2d = VI, 112,3d.
(dvadasadha)... , -
.
-b ..., (tritdsyapamrstam)... . .
.

VI, 114
,
. ,
,
, , . -
,
.
: . ., . 163, 357.
: .
lc-d ... ... , -
, (rtd-); . -
(rtdsyartena).
2 ... (yajhavahasah)... ,
: , -
, ; . : -
, 1993, . 53 .
... (medasvatd ydjamanah)... -
.

VI, 115
, -
.

512
VI

: . ., . 163-164, 357-358.
: .
2d ... (drupadad iva)l -
, .
drupada- ( -
), .

VI, 116
-
, , ,
.
: , 2 .
1 ... ()... , -
, , .. .
1 ..., (yaivasvate rajani). .
... (cetasa[h])...
. :
, ego
.

VI, 117

, -,
, : -
,
.. -
, -
.
: . ., . 164, 358.
: .
la- ... - (apamityam aprattttam yad asmi \ yamdsya yena
balina carami)... b .
... (devayanahpitryanas ca)... -
: , ,
, , , -
; . VI, 55, 1.

VI, 118
, . -
- , ,
.
-.
: . ., . 164-165, 358.
: .

17. 513

lb ... (?) (gatnum)... , -


.
2 ... ( ) (aksdvrttam)... , -
.
2 ... (ertsamano)...
: a-irtsamano des. ardh-.
(ydsma rndm)... , .
.. (te vacam vadisur mottaram mad)\ .
, .

VI, 119

, -.
For relief from guilt or obligation.
: .
2d ... (atha pakvena sahd sdm bhavema)\ ,
, -
: .
.. (abhidhavamy...)... :
I run against a promise.
atidhavami (Bohtlingk, Th. 3, . 160).

VI, 120
.
, -.
: . ., . 165, 358.
: .
lc-d =VI, 121, 2c-d.
2d (jamim rtvd)... -
.
3 ... ,
.
, , , , -
.

VI, 121
-
.
: 1-2 , 3-4 .
1 () (visana pasan vi syadhyasmdd)...
, III, 7, 1-2,
: -
. visana vi sya
. : An untier, do thou untie.

514
VI

lb-d = VII, 88,4b-d.


2b ... (yaca)... : by a spell.
2c-d = VI, 120, lc-d.
3a-b =11, 8, la-b.

VI, 122

, , -
.
: .
1 ... (jardsah pardstad). ,
.
Id .. ... . ... -
(dcchinnam tdntum dnu)\ , .
2 ... (pitryam)... , .
... (). ,
0 , - -
. : [was] given in the course (?).
4a-b (yajiidm ydntam mdnasa brhdntam \ anvarohami
tdpasa sdyonih)... -
. : The great sacrifices, as it goes, with mind, I ascend after,
with fervor (? tapas), of like origin.
5a ... (yosito)... . dp-
. . . .

VI, 123
-
. , -
, ,
, -
, .
: , 3-4 , .
1 {)... (havirbha-
gam). ... (sadhasthah)... .
2d ... (istapurtdm)\
-. : what he has offered and besto-
wed; : Erstrebtes (auch Eropfertes) und Lohn, d.h.
erworbener Schatz (Verdienst) frommer Werke (Bohtlingk, Th. 1, 210).
. . III, 12, 8.
3 ( asmi so asm!)... -
. : who I am, he am I.
4 (sdpacami)...
sd-, . : do
1 cook .. ... (sd dattan mdyusam)...
, .

17* 515

5 ... ! , , .
5 ... , , .

VI, 124
, , -
, , .
: .
Id ... (sukrtam krtena)\ -
, , (-
, ),
.
(sdrva pavitra)... pavitra-
, -
, . :
.

VI, 125
, , -
, ,
. VI, 47, 26-28
( 3 ).
: . ., . 317, 392.
: , 2 .
1 (ydnaspate)...
.
1 ... () igobhih)... , . go-
, ,
(, ), , (
, , ).
-b ... (sc.
..).

VI, 126

, -, , -
,
.
VI, 47,29-31.
: ().
1 ... (Jdgat)... , (sg.).
(purutrd te vanvatam vistitam jdgat)...
,
vanvatam manutam , -
VI, 47,29.

516
VI

( jayabhime jayantu)... --
: . -
: , ,
/we , , .

VI, 127
.
,
(palasd-, Butea frondosa), , ,
.. , .
: , 3 (6 ).
1 (yidradhdsya)... , (Zysk,
1985, . 32-33). ... ... . . V, 22,11.
1 (visdlpakasya)... , (Zysk, 1985,
. 32-33).
Id ... (pisitdm candy. : , .
2- () (ydu te... muskdv...)... ,
, .
2d ... (cipudru-)... ,
(= sipudru-): Pinus longifolia Roxb. (Zysk, 1985, . 259).
..... . . II, 33.

VI, 128
, , , -
; -
(sakadhuma-) , . -
, ,
.. ,
, .
: .
1 ... (bhadrahdm)... -
(Bloomfield, 1973, . 160),
, .

VI, 129

-
(simsdpa Dalbergia Sissoo, , ).
- : -
, .
: bhdga- (. .
); . . , ; , -
; bhdga- bhagin-
, .. .
: .

517

la ... (bhdgena... samsapena)... samsapa-,


simsdpa- (EWA, Bd. II, . 633).
la- ()... -
.
2 ... ... .

VI, 130
-
: ,
-,
, .
, ,
, , -
.
: . ., . 177, 361.
: ( 1 ).
1 {rathajitam rathajiteyinam)... -
,
. .

VI, 131
,
.
: .
2 {dnumate 'nv iddm manyasva)... . .
-
: anumati- dnu man-.
2b (akuti- , )... -
.
... (thyojandm)... (yqjana-) ,
; -
.

VI, 132
, -
. .
.
1 ... (ydrunasya dhdrmana)...
, ,
, ,
(Bloomfield, 1973,
. 535).

518
VI

VI, 133
, -
. , -
:
, ,
.
: . ., . 317, 393.
: 1,3 , 2, 5 , 4 .
Id ... (set pdrdm icchaf)... -
, .
2 (ahutasy abhihut[a\)... ahuta
ahutibhih samskrta, a abhihuta sampatabhihuta ca.
: Offered to art thou, offered unto.
4a (sraddhaya duhita)... :
, mekhala
.
4 (svdsa rsindm)... :
.

VI, 134
, -
( ), ,
, , , -
.
: . ., . 136, 350.
: 1 (), 2 , 3 .
1 ... (ayam vdjras tarpayatdm rtdsyd)... . . rtdsya -
.
Id . . . VI, 82, 3.
-d ( ) (Jinato vajra tvdm slmdntam \ anvdhcam ami
pdtaya)... . : the crown of the scather, thun-
derbolt, do thou cause to fall following after.

VI, 135
1 -
, : -
.
: . ., . 136-137, 350.
: .
Id . . . VI, 82, 3.

VI, 136

(nitatni-),
, .

519

(/ tan- ,
): down-stretchen>. -,
,
, .
: , 2 .
... (yrscdte)...
vrscyate.

VI, 137

, -,
.
: .
1 . . . IV, 29, 3.
1 . . . V, 18, 10.
Id Acuma {dsita-)... , , . Nom. pr.
.
2 . .

VI, 138

, . -
-, ,
, , .
: . ., . 168-169, 359.
: , 3 .
1
Id ... (opasinam) .
. opasct-,
. 2 kurira-
- .

VI, 139

,
.
, , (osadht- f.).
,
. -, -
,
, -
.
: . ., . 175, 360.
: , 1 6 ( ).
1 ... (nyastika)... , -
. clinging
to the ground (Bloomfield, 1973, . 102).

520
VI

lc-d ... (pratanas)... (nitanah)...


. : forth-stretchers
down-stretchers.
-b ... -.
5- ... ... , -
.

VI, 140
,
, ,
( ) . , -
2. , -
.
: . ., . 167, 359.
: 1 , 2 5 ( -
), 3 7+8:13+11.
2d (ratnadheyaya)... : for treasuring.

VI, 141
,
.
: . ., . 278-279, 384.
: .
1 ...()... .
2 (Johitena svddhitina)... .
2 (mithunam kdrnayoh krdhi)...
, ,
.

VI, 142
, -
, 3 -
.
: . ., . 208-209, 368.
: .
1 (mrnihi visvd pdtrani)... , , :
, , .. .
Id ... (asdnir vadhtt)... , ,
.
... (upasddo)... sad-,
, , -
. , ,
(karmakardH); atten-
dants (?).

521

VII

.
.

VII, 1
, -, -
, -
, . -
. -
.
: 1 , 2 .
1 {), ... , . ... -
(dhlti)... I. sg. dhiti-. : by meditation.
Id ... { dhenoh). -
. .
2 ... , ,
, .
2 ... (punarmaghah)... -
.

VII, 2
, , -
, , .
: .
1 . , -
; . VII, 1,2.
lc-d = VII, 5, 5c-d.

VII, 3
,
. -,
,
.
: .
1 ... {urur vdraya gatuh)... : a wide
way for space (?).
Id {svdya tanva tanvam airayata)... : with his
own self he sent forth a self. ,
tanvam .

VII, 4
, , -
, .

522
VII

: .
1 ()... (tisrbhis...)... (ta[h])... -
, niytit- f.
, .

VII, 5
, , -
-. -
.
: , 4 .
1 = I, 164, 50.
Id (sddhydh). , -
, (sadhyd- , -
).
2 (yajrio babhuva sd a babhuva)...
bhu- . : The sacrifice came to
be; it came to be here.
3d ... !
.
4 ... . X, 90,
(, ),
.
4d ... (vihdvyena...).
, , -
.
5c-d = VII, 2, lc-d.

VII, 6
, , -,
, VII, 2. ,
VII, 6 , VII, 7, -
. ,
.
: .
1 = I, 89,10.
1b .. . , (sd pita sd putrdh). sd -
, .. ,
.

VII, 7
. -
, .
: , .
1 = , 63, 10; .

523

2 ... (vdjasya... prasave)... : in the


impulse of might.
2b ... (vdcasa karamahe)... He
. , -
; . -
(Bohtlingk, Th. 2, . 18).

VII, 8

, -,
, VII, 2.
: .
1 (diti- , ). , -
, (dditi- , -
). , , -
.
1 ... (-)... anarvdnam.
1 ... (samudriyam)... , , -
.

VII, 9
, -
.
.
: .
la- ...... ... , -
,
lc-d ... ... , .

VII, 10

, , -
: , ,
, , .
: , 3 , 4 .
1 = , 17,6.
2 = , 17,5.
3 = X, 54,9.
4- = VI, 54,10; .
4- ... (pdri pusa pardstad | dhdstam dadhatu
ddksinam)... pdri dha- -.
: Let Pusan place about his right hand in front; : Pushan
shall from the east place his right hand about us (Bloomfield, 1973, 159-
160).

524
VII

VII, 11

, , -
, -
, (jambha- ).
: .
1 = 1 , 164, 49; .

VII, 12
, -
, -
.
: .
1 {yds teprthu stanayitnur...)... -
, . .. . -
... , .

VII, 13
, -, -
.
: . ., . 219, 371.
: , 1 .
1 (sabha ca... sdmitis ca)... -
. -
; : sabha (.. ),
a samiti , .
2 ...
.
2 (narista vd as!)... : verily sport by name art
thou.
3b ... (vijndnam). : the discernment.
... (asydh sdrvasyah samsddo)... . -
samsdd- sabha-.

VII, 14
. -
2 .
: . ., . 137, 351.
: .

VII, 15
, , -
.

525

: , 3 , 4 .
1 (abhi tydm devdm savitaram \ onydh kavikratum \ drcami sa-
tydsavam ratnadham \ abhipriydm matim \\)...
. . . onydh
( oni- -
; .: EWA, Bd. I, . 279).
, -
. : I, in the two oni's, sing my prayer.
2c ... (amimlta)... .
2d ... (krpaf)... krpa.
.. . ... : .
3D (yarsmdnam)... (varimanam)... -
, .
4d ... (pdrijma)... : ,
, ., - , .

VII, 16
, -,
.
: .
1 . . . IV, 29, 5.
lc-d ... (yam asya kdnvo dduhat... bhdgaya). -
(duh-) -
: , . ... . -
. . : for Bhaga.

VII, 17

, ,
, , .
: .
1 , (brhaspate sdvitar)... -
: .

VII, 18
, , -
, , .
: 1 , 2 , 3-4 .
1 .... . . 1, 31,4.
4 (rati-). , (- ), ; -
. . .

526
VII

VII, 19
,
, .
: 1 , 2 .
1 -b ... (pra nabhasva... ndbhah)! .
2 .. .... .

VII, 20
-
. -
, .
: , , b, d .
1 ... {prajdpatir... praja[h]). ,
.
la- ... (dhata dadhatu)... , -
.
1 (samjanamh sammanasah sayonayo)... ;
. .

VII, 21

, . -
: , ,
. anumati- ,
, ,
dnu man- , .
: 1-2 , 3-6 .
Id , (dasuse )\ -
G. sg. dasusas.
..., ()...
( ) . -
: , ,
.
... (tdsya vaydm hedasi 'pi bhuma)\ -
: !.
4 ... , -
, .
5 ... ( ) (suksetratdyai suvirdtayai)...
,
, .

VII, 22
.
: 12+10:11+14.

527

la ... , .
1 ... (nutanam)... , -
.

VII, 23

, , , ,
( ). ,
( I, 458). -
. .
: 1 (2 ), 2 (3 ).
1 (aydm sahasram a no drse)...
. : This one [is] a thousand for our seeing.
2a ... (sdmairayari)...
sdmairayat, .
.

VII, 24
IV, 17, 5
.

VII, 25
-
.
: .
1 .. . (akhanad)... asanat
.

VII, 26
(
), ,
, .
: .
1 - (ydyor ojasa)... ()... .
1 ... (ylryair
vlrdtama)... vlra- , -
.
2 = IV, 23, 7.

VII, 27
, ,
I, 154; I, 22; X, 180. -
.
: 1, 8 , 2 (3 ),
3 (6 ), 4-7 .

528
VII

1 = I, 154, 1.
1 .. . (uttaram sadhdstham)... .
Id .. . (urugaydh). .
2 (pra tad visnu stavate viryani)...
: So Vishnu praises forth his heroisms,
. ( I, 154, 2 I. sg. viryena),
, .
2- = X, 180,2-; .
-b () ... -
.
I, 154, 2, , 2 , ,
.
4 = 1,22, 17.
5 = I, 22, 18 (dtah),
, (itdh) .
6 = 1 , 22, 19.
7 = I, 22, 20.

VII, 28
,
.
.
: .
1 ... (sakvarl)... .

VII, 29
, -
, . -
.
: .
1 (yeddh)...
(. . VI, 43), -
. .. (drughandh)... : the tree-smiter;
: ... -
.. (drumo hanyate aneneti drughandh lavitradih).
lb (parasur vidih parasur nah svasti)...
parasuh pdrsuh,
. :
the rib [is] sacrificial hearth, the ax our well-being.

VII, 30
, ,
.
: .

529

lb ... (patho ghrtasya guhyasya ndma)... -


, ,
, (.
IV, 58).
1 {ddmedame... dddhanau)...
dha- , , , ,
, . -
V, 1, 5 : die sieben Kleinode
bringend (Geldner, 1951, . 2, . 2) : qui met en chaque maison
(EVP, t. XIII, 18). : assuming seven treasures.
2a ... (dhama). dhaman- ,
: , -
, , .

VII, 31


, , .
: .

VII, 32
, -
.
: .
1 = III, 53, 21 .

VII, 33
,
IX, 67, 29 ( IX -).
, , . -
, .
: .

VII, 34
, , -
: , ,
, .
: .
1 (sdm... sincatu)... , .

VII, 35
, -, ,
-, , -

530
VII

,
.
: ().
la- ...... (pra nuda... prdty... nudasva)...
nud-
: , -
.
1d ('nagasas ti)... te (-
).

VII, 36
, , -
, .
: 1 ,
.
: 1 3 , 2 .
2- ...... {hirdh... dhamdnlr...)... veins tu-
bes. .
... (sutuh)\
sunuh, .. ... !.

VII, 37

-,
,
.
: .
1 ... (mddhusamkase)\ :
, , .

VII, 38

, .
: .
1 ..., Many (manujatena... vasasa)...
,
.

VII, 39

-
. ,
, , ,
.
: . ., . 178, 361.

531

: , 3 ( 4 ).
1 ... (bhesajdm)... .
1b (mampasydm)... ,
. ...
() (abhiroruddm)... .
(Bohtlingk, Th. 1, . 88).
: greatly wailing.
2 ... (asuri {.)... . .
- (prattci... asi)... -
. : Correspondent... art thou; :
a match for, as effective as.
4c-d Cp. VII, 38, lc-d.
5a ... (tirojandm)... : -
.

VII, 40
(sdrasvant- , )
,
, (. VII, 95
96). I, 164, 52. -
.
: .
Id (a... sthapayati)... 3 . . .,
- .

VII, 41
-
.
: .
1 ... (nivistas)... , , .
: in whose course the lord of prosperity is entered.
2a ... {raydsposam sravasyum)... -
sravasyam : putting on abundance of wealth [and]
ambition (?) , .

VII, 42
, . -
, .
: .
2 ... (yayodhah)... -
.
2d ...... . . II, 29, 7. c-d .
, .

532
VII

VII, 43

-
.
: .
1- = VI, 74, 2-.
1-2 ... (dmiva)... ()... , -
, ,
(Zysk, 1985, . 8).
2- .. . (astndd... tanusu)\ asme.

VII, 44
, , , . -
, Of speech (?).
. -,
, .
, .
: .
la- ... ... (sivas ta eka asivas ta ekah \ sdrva bibharsi
sumanasydmanah)... , sumanasydmanah
, -
, vac- .
1 .. . (asmin). , , sumanasydmanah.

VII, 45
VI, 69, 8. -
.
: .
lc-d ... ...
, .1. -
- 7, 1, 5, 5, ,
.

VII, 46

, -
. -
, , -
. - .
.
: .
1 (visvajaninat)... : From a peo-
ple belonging to all peoples.
lb ...- (sindhutds). - .

533

Id (bhesajdm)... ,
, .

VII, 47
:
, .
: .

VII, 48
, -
(. . II, 26, 2). -
, .
,
.
: , 3 .
1 = II, 32, 6.
Id (prajam... dididdhi nah)... , (iv. dis-)
, .. .
2 = , 32, 7.
... (abhiydntl devt)... ,
, .

VII, 49
ikuhu-), , -
( ). -
,
.
: 1 , 2 .
Id ... (yirdm satddayam)... : a hero of hun-
dred-fold value.
2a ... (devanam amrtasya pdtrii)... ,
. . -
.

VII, 50
{ ),
. -
. .
. VII, 49.
: .
1 = II, 32, 4 ( ).
2 = II, 32, 5.

534
VII

VII, 51

, (
), V, 46,
7 8. , -
.
: 1 , 2 .
2 ... (vyantu)... 3 pi. iv. act.
vi-. : 1) verlangend
aufsuchen, herbeikommen, appetere, gern annehmen, geniessen.
2) ergreifen. 3) unternehmen. 4) zu gewinnen suchen, verschaffen,
herbeischaffen etc. (Bohtlingk, Th. 6, 142). : let the women
partake.... : sollen gern kommen (Geldner,
1951, . 2, . 52). :
.
2- . . . I, 27,4. (agnayl-).
. (asvirii-). - .
{rodasi-). . . ,
. .: (
: nom. pr. sg. rodasi . appell. du. rodasi-). .
. . VI, 46, 1.

VII, 52
, -
, , .

. . . IV, 38.
: . ., . 214-215, 369-370.
: , 3, 6, 7 , 4 .
1 ... (asdnir...)... ,
, . : As the thunderbolt;
, .
2 ... ( ) (dvarjusinam)... -
. vrj-
, , .. : of the
people that cannot avoid it (?).
3 = P B V , 60,1; .
3b .. . (vi cayat)... vi ci-
. . IV, 38, 2.
3d (pradaksindm)... ,
;
.
4 = 1 , 102, 4; .
5- ... (samlikhitam)... {samrudham).
.

535

6 = X, 42, 9; .
6 ... (atidiva)...
atidivya, .
: Und den RUckstand iiberspielend soil er gewinnen
(Falk, 1986, 127).
6c-d ...
, , , ,
.
, .
7 ... (gobhis taremamatim
durevam)... : may we pass over ill-conditioned misery. -
: unharmed by [others'] stratagems.
9c ... (sdm ma krtdsya dharaya... nahyata)... -
, -
. dhara- ,
.

VII, 53
X, 42, 11.
.
: .
1 ... {pascad)... . ... (uttarasmad)...
. ... iadharad)... . ... (purdstdd)...
.

VII, 54

, -,
.
: 1 , 2 -.
2 .. . (mdnasa)... (cikitva)\ . .
2 ( yusmahi mdnasa ddivyena)...
. yusmahi
yutsmahi . : may we not fight (?) with the
mind of the gods.
,
.
2 ... () (bahuli vinirhate)\
Loc. abs. : in case of much destruction (?).

VII, 55


, -, ,
.
: , 5-7 .

536
VII

la ... (amutrabhuyadadhi)... -
- , .
from... otherworld existence.
... (atihitam paracair...)... : that is set
over at a distance.
3d ... {attnani... te)... atman-
, .
4 .. . . . .
5 ... (jarimnah sevadhir...)... -
sevadhi- , . -
.
6d ....... . II, 33.
7a,c-d = P B I , 50, 10, c-d.

VII, 56
(-)
(saman-). ,
: ( ) ( ). -
, , -
. -
.
: .
1 ... (sddasi)... , .

VII, 57
, .
( ) , -
, .
: 1 , 2 8:7:10.
1 ... ... . . VII, 56.
1b .. . (yajur...)... .
.
Id ... (sacipate)... . , -
sdci- , , ,
( ).
2 ... (yaso)\ , -
.

VII, 58
-
,
(. 2), .
.: . ., . 90-91,342.
: , 4 .

537

la-b ... -... (tirascirajer asitat)... -


, .
1 ... (?) (kafikdparvano)... :
'dessen Segmente eine Bindung, Umgiirtung (Ring, ringformiger Panzer)
[*katik-a-] haben' ['Skorpion'?]... (EWA, Bd. I, c. 289).
2a-b (...madhujata \ madhuscun madhula madhuh)...
mddhu- . ,
, ,
(madhuka-).
... (trpradamsino)... ,
trprd-, , -
, (.: EWA, Bd. I, . 666).
4 ... (sdm namah)... , -
) , .. , (.:
Bohtlingk, Th. 3, . 180). : bend together like a reed,
: virtually straighten out".
5 ... (sarkotasya)... , -
, .
5 (mdnasyopasarpatah)... : crawling
on, on the ground (mcfna).
8d ... (pucchadhav...)? , -
, .. .

VII, 59

, , .
. -, -
.
: .
1 ... (yicuksubhe)... : has gone wrong.
1 ... (atmdni tanvo)... -
; atmdn- -
.
2 = X, 13, 5 . -
, -
. , , .
2 .. . ... .
2 ...
, , ,
.
2 (ubhe id asyobhe asya rajata[h])...
: ubhe id asyobhdyasya rajata[h]. ...
. ... ... , -
.

538
VII

VII, 60


(VI, 68, 10-11). -, -
.
: 1 , 2 .
1 ... (adhvaro)... -
, adhvardm.
1 c-d ( ) (.. .devdvitaye prdti svasaram yatu
pltdye)... - -
. (EVP, t. XVI, . 99). : let
your chariot, the sacrifice (? adhvard), for the god-feast, approach toward the
stall (svdsara), to drink.
2a-b ...... (yhan-) , -
.

VII, 61
,
.
: .
la-b =VI,37,3a-b.

VII, 62
, ,
:
( ,
, );
( ; . -
1); ;
, , .
: . ., . 277-278, 384.
: , 1 .
1 ... (grhan)... . pi. -
, . .
,
(.: , 1999, . 31). ,
( , .); .
. . . .
.. . (pravdsari)... .
5 ... {annasya kildla[h])... -
some kind of milk product (Kuiper, 1991,
14; . . 45), -
. : the sweet drink of food.

539

VII, 63

, , ,
(tdpas-).
, ,
, .
: -
, .
tdpas- ( tap- ; , ; -
, ; )
: ;
; . tap- -
tdpas- .
: .
1 ... () (dgne tdpas tapyamaha \ tapyamahe
tdpah)... tap- . : we perform addi-
tional (?) penance.
lc ... {srutdsya)... , ; -
(sruti-) (.
. VI, 41, 1).
2 ... (srutani)... , ()
. .

VII, 64

, -
.
: . ., . 289, 387.
: .
1 ... (yrddhdvfsno)... -
vrddhavrsnyah (N. sg.). -
-, . pi.
, , .
: them of increased virility (?).

VII, 65
, , -
.
: , ().
Id (ksamad)... -
kramad.

VII, 66

-
: 1 ,
2 .

540
VII

: 1 (), 2 ().
1 ... (krsndh sakunir...)... , .
2 ... , (avamrksan nirrte te mukhend)...
, , .

VII, 67

,
. (apamargd- ,
marj- ) Achyranthes aspera,
(. 2 -
). , -
.
: . ., . 323, 394.
: .
2d ... ... (qpamargapa mrjmahe)\
.

VII, 68
,
- .
,
: , ,
, ..
: .

VII, 69
: ,
- , ,
..
: .
1 ... (atma)... , ,
. : soul.
1 .. . (dhisnya[h\)...
(.: EWA. Bd. I, . 791-792) :
etre dispose a placer ou ofrrin> (EVP, t. XII, 124).

VII, 70

.
VII, 70 VII,
71, , , ,
, .
: 1 , 2 .

541

la ... (yratesu)... Vratd .


karmasu. : in thy
courses.
lb ... (dhdmasu)... Dhaman -
. : sthanesu. : in thy...
domains.
2b ... (asyam ydt)...
ksepaniyam , -,
as-, dsyati . asyam :
that is to be consumed (?), .

VII, 71
-
.
: .
1 ( te yuyoma samdrsah)... :
!

VII, 72
.
: .

VII, 73
,
, -
.
: . ., . 149, 353.
: 1 , 2 , 3-5 .
1 ... (asdu)... , -
, .
Id ... (purd satyad)\
, .
2 ...... ... (te asya ghnantv dnrtena
satydm)l ,
. . III, 54, 3: yuvor rtdm rodasi satydm
astu ( ") ,
!
-b (ajiradhirajdu)... -
, .

VII, 74
, , ,
.

542
VII

: .
1 = X, 87,22; .
Id ... (bha/lguravatah). , .

VII, 75

, . 1 -
, 2 .
X, 179, 1-2.
3, , , -
VII, 76 ( ).
: 1 , 2 .
Id ... (mamdttana)\ : do ye wait
(mad-) , mad- , ,
mad- (), -
), (.:
Bohtlingk, Th. 5, . 12). mad-
(Oldenberg, 1912, . 229).
mad-
mad- () (EWA, Bd. II, . 299).
, -
(sich beeilen) , -
(Grassmann, 1955, . 978-979).
2d (kulapa nd wajapatim cdrantam)... ,
. wajdpati-, ,
Einpferchungsmeister. vrqjd- vrajd- , -
. (EWA, Bd. II, . 299).
: wie eine Hausherrin auf den ausziehenden Wanderhauptling (?)
(Geldner, 1951, . , 399).

VII, 76
, (.
. VII, 75).
: .
1 ... () (susrtam manye tad rtdm ndviyah)...
. :
well cooked I think [it], that newer rite (? rtd).

VII, 77
,
.
.
, ,
, ..

543

: , 1,4, 6 , 2 .
1 ... (gharmd-)\ -
, -
, .
gharmd , .
.. .!... . .
3d .... , -
.
5 ...(tandya[h])... . tana- -
, ( tan- ),
, . : of
the offspring (?).
6d ... (\a\nuprayanam)...
.
7 =1,164,26. '
7 (srestham savdm savita savisari)... -
, , -
.
8 = 1,164,27.
8 ... {) \ (hi/lkrnvati)... ,
, .
(yasupdtnT)... .
, , .
9 = V, 4, 5.
10 =PBV,28,3.
... (sdm jaspatydm suydmam a krnusva)\
: put together a well-ordered house-headship.
11 =1,164,40.
1 la ... -
.

VII, 78
, -
. ,
, , ,
(apacit- {.), - (. -
, VI, 25, : Zysk, 1985, . 82-86).
: , 4 .
la- ...... ... , -
.
1 (mulena)... ,
() .
(tvastrena-... vdcasa)... ,
, , .

544
VII

VII, 79
, ;
, .
: 1 , 2 .
1 = IV, 21,7 (= VI, 28, 7).
2 (sdmhita[h])... :
.

VII, 80

. , , -
(.. ),
.
. . VI, 25 VII, 78. (jayanya-)
, , -, -
(. . II, 33);
(.: Zysk, 1985, . 18-19,115-117).
: 1 , 2 , 3 .
1 (a susrdsah susrdso)... -
susrdsah susrdstaras.
.
1 ... (sehor arasdtara[h])...
(EWA, Bd. II, . 746-747).
.
2 ... {vijdmni)... .
, . : on the vijdman
(twin ?) joint (Zysk, 1985, 86).
3b ... (talidyam)... -
talabhyam, .
(nirhastdm)... .
nir astham, -
, as-, dsyati , (.:
Whitney, 1885, . 5).
4c-d {tad aksitasya bhesdjam \ ubhdyoh suksatasya
ca)... dksita-
suksata-. , ,
: dksita- : suksita- ( )
dksata-: suksata-.

VII, 81
,
1.
,
, Id , -
, 2 .

18. 545

: .
la- (vidma vdi te jayanya janam \ yato jayanya jdyase)...
. , ,
2 , .
= VI, 47,6 ( ).

VII, 82
,
, .
: 1 , 2 , 3 .
1 = VII, 59, 9; .
1 ... (?) (risadasah)\
. , ,
, (Thieme, 1938, . 158).
2 = VII, 59, 8; .
2 ... () (tirds cittani)... -
, . : across (our) intents.
(samvatsarina[h\)... ,
, .

VII, 83
, ,
, 2 .
: 1 , 2 .
1 -b ... .
2 ... ... ... .

VII, 84

(amavasya-) , -
. ,
.
: , 1 .
1b ... (samvdsanto)... , -
, , -
ama-vas- , ~ . - -
: , , ,
, (Monier-Williams, 1970, . 81).
2 (ahdm evasmy amavasya). ,
, .
2 ( a vasanti)... , -
.
2 ... (sadhyd-)...
.

546
VII

{avesdyantT). , .
4- = X, 121, 10-; .
4c-d = P B X , , 1 Oc-d.

VII, 85
,
. , -
.
: , 2 .
1b {) { madhyalah paurnamasijigaya)... :
up from the middle hath she of the full moon been victorious. ... -
. , .
2- ... (yrsabham... paurnamasam)... , , -
.
3 = X, 121, 10 (. VII, 84,4).
4- {paurnamasi prathama yajrtiyasid \ ahnam ratrlnam
atisarvarisu)... G. pi. G. part, yajniya, -
atisarvard-
. : She of the full moon was the first
worshipful one in the depths (?) of days, of nights.

VII, 86
, . -
1,
. ,
.
: 1,2, 6 , 3 , 4, 5 .
1b .. . {[a]rnavdm). , ; -
.
Id ... {... jayase)... : ...
.
2 ... {navonavo)... : -
( ).
3 {somasya amso)... ,
, , -
, . -
, , ,
. -
.
4 ... ... {darso 'si darsato 'si)... -
darsd-, dars- ; darsatd-
. -
.

18* 547

VII, 87

: , -
, .
: , 2 ,
(8+11:11 +6), 3 .
1 = IV, 58, 10; .
1 (abhyarcata sustutim gavyam ajini)...
: Sing (arc) ye good praise
unto the contest for kine.
2a ... (grhnami)... .
3b .. . () (purvacitta[h])\ .
purvacitah ( purva- , -
ci- ), (Bohtlingk,
Th. 1, . 112). : the downputters, with previous intents.
, , -, ,
.
4 .. . (anv... akhyad)... , -
.
5 ... (praty... akhyat)... khya- ,
, prati , , ,
. -
: -.
6 ...() (naptya[h])\ () , () -
. , ; , .

VII, 88

, ,
, . -,
, ,
; .
: 1 , 2 , 3-4 .
1 (mithdh)... mitah ( mi- )
-.
Id ... (dhamaniy. damani ( da-
).
2c-d ... ... -
, .
3 =1,24,15.
4b-d = VI, 121, lb-d.
4 ... (dusvdpnyam)... , , -
- , .

548
VII

VII, 89

. 1
, 2-3, ,
.
: I , 2-3 .
Id ... (gdyam)\ gdya- ,
, , .
2 = , 180,3.
3 = X, 180, 2; .
... {srkdm)... srkd- .
: wahrscheinlich Spitze (EWA, Bd. II, . 743).
,
(Kuiper, 1991, . 35).

VII, 90
(tarksya-)
, . -
( ) X, 178, 1.
.
: .

VII, 91

VI, 47, 11. -


, , -
.
: .
1 = VII, 97,1; .

VII, 92


: , -
.
: .
Id ... (rudraya... agnaye)\ -
.

VII, 93
. -
. ,
, .
: . ., . 89, 341.
.

549

1 ! ,
(taksaka-), nom. . . ,
.

VII, 94
, , -
, : , ,
; ; -
.
: , 4 .
la- ... (acayisam). (sdmaprksmahi)...
1- -
.
3d ... (ydc ca sepe abhirunam)... -
. : fearlessly (?). -
: arglos, der nichts befflrchten muP (EWA, Bd. II, 245).
4 ... (edho 'sy edhisiydy. -
: i(n)dh- ( edhas-) edh-
. ... (samid asi sdmedhi-
siya)\ -
sdm .

VII, 95
, -, -
.
: 1 , 2 , -
1 , 3 - (6 ).
1 = VIII, 40, -.
1b ... , .
... (vratdter iva guspitdm)... : as it were
2c the knot of a creepere.
... (?)... {bhrajdh... sibhram)... -
, . , bhraj-
etwa Penis, Steifheit", Gen. sg. bhrajas... (EWA, Bd. , 277).
sibhrd- (hap. leg. ) : Unklar ( , . 637).
subhra- .
... (anavayah)... , :
keine Empfangniss zu Stande bringend (BShtlingk, Th. 1, 46).
... (?) (biadtvatah)... . -
kradivatah- (.. krad- , ; -
; ) -
3d . : inciting (?).
(?) (safikurdsya)... .
satiku- , (.: EWA, Bd. II, . 604).

550
VII

VII, 96
, -, ,
;
.
: .
1 = VI, 47, 12 X, 131,6.
1 .. . (vivdvedah)l .

VII, 97
, -
.
: .
1 = VII, 91,1 ; ,
lb =PBVI,47,13d.
lc-d =PBVI,47,13a-b.

VII, 98
, .
: .

VII, 99
X, 173, 6.
,
(dhruvd-)
.
: .
lb ... (...ava somam nayamasi)... -,
.

VII, 100
, -
. ,
, . - ,
, -
, -
.
: .
1 (yithurdu)... ,
vyath- , . , -
, . : quiverers (?).
lc-d (ucchocanaprasocanav asyocchocanau hrddh)...
sue- , -
.

551

2d .. . (uddvantau)... : lurking (?).


-b ... {atodinau nitodinav \ dtho samtodinav uta)... -
tud- .
... (medhram)... , -
mih- . : urinator. , ,
mSnnliches died (EWA, Bd. II, . 381).
3d ... (jabhara)... :
" ".

VII, 101
(For quiet kidne-
ys (?)), vrkkau du. vrkau du.
(, vrkau), ,
, . -,
, , -
.
, -
-
.
1 : .
(dsadan gavah sddane)... , -
( sad- ).
lc-d (asthane pdrvata asthuh \ sthamni vrkkav
atisthipam)... stha-
.

VII, 102
,
-, ,
.
: 1-4 , 5-8 .
1 ... III, 29,
16, 1 .
{dhruvdm aya dhruvdm
utasamisthah). , : mayest thou go fix-
edly, and, mightiest one, do thou, foreknowing, go unto the fixed sacrifice,
the soma {dhruvdm ayo dhruvdm uta savistha \ pravidvan yajndm upa yahi
somam). .
2 = V, 42,4; .
...{) {mddhiiny...)... mddhu-
, , , , .
3d ...... , .
4d .. . {gharmdm)... .
7 ! . .

552
VII

VII, 103
, ,
.
: .

VII, 104
, -, , -
-
.
: .
1 ... (pdri strnihi)... , -
, .
1 { jamim mosTr)...
. , -
.

VII, 105
, -
. .: -
, 1995, . 209-221.
: .
Id ... (svdpnamukhah sucah). ,
.

VII, 106
. .
: .
Id ...... (nahi tad drsydte diva)... -
: .

VII, 107
.
: , (11+8:7+8).

VII, 108
, , -
, . -
, , -
-, -
.
: .
1 .. .... . . IV, 20, 4.

553

VII, 109


V, 11 (1-11), , -
, , -
, , ,
. -
.
: .
Id ... (tanvah)... Hatanvam.

VII, 110

, -
, -
.
: .

VII, 111
, -, , -
.
: , .
Id ... (subhe)... , -
. : unto beauty be there immortality for us [thy]
companions.

VII, 112
, -,
.
: .
Id ... (salydm). :
, , ..
.

VII, 113
, , -,
,
, .
: . ., . 289, 387.
: .
1 ... (?) (aranidatvdti)\ , -
, . -
. arani ( b
, - ) -

554
VII

( ),
.
2 , ...
.

VII, 114
,
(, , )
, .
, , . . IV, 38.
.: Falk, 1986.
: , 1998, . 308-316 (
).
: 1 , 2, 3, 5, 6 ,
4, 7 .
1 ..., (ugraya babhrdve)... ,
, , ,
(kali-),
(.: Falk, 1986, . 108).
1 ... (tanuvast).
-. , -
(Lttders, 1940, . 147). -
: This homage to the formidable brown one, who among the dice is
self-controller. , ,
(Falk, 1986, . 109, 176).
Id (sa no mrdatidrse)...
, .
IV, 57,1, I,
17, 1 H P B V I , 60, 5.
2 ... (ghrtd-)... , ,
, ,
.
; . IV, 58.
2 ... (pdmsun... sikata apasca)\ ,
, ,
.
, ,
(Falk, 1986, . 76).
2d .. . [ubhdyani havya). , -
,
.
(havirdhanam antara suryam ca)...
. havirdhdna-
; ,
.

555

4 (adinavdm)... ,
, , -
da- ,
div- (EWA, Bd. I, . 716, 730).
, adinava- mit Zerstiicktem versehen. ,
,
,
(Falk, 1986, . 176-177).
5 ... ... ,
.
5d ... ! ,
-, -
.
6 (sdmvasava[h])... ( sdm + vas-
) (BOhtlingk, Th. 7, . 4),
. , , : Having good things
in common (?) ( sam + vasu- ).
6b ...(me), (ugrampasyd[h])... -
; (Falk, 1986,
. 176). stern-looking.
6 ... (indavo)... ,
, .
7- ... ... ...
. , .
7 ...... (brahmacdryam ydd usimd)...
,
.

VII, 115
, ,
( 1, 2),
, .
: 1 , 2 , 3 .
1 ... (hato)...
hathds.
2 .. .... , , .
2 (carsani)... : the two men-helpers (?).
...... , ; , ,
, , .

VII, 116
, -, ;
, , .
, ( ).

556
VII

: .
lc-d ... (asu)... (tds)... . ,
, (vis- f. ),

VII, 117

, -
.
: .
1 (dntisumne)... : pleasant near
by. .
2 = VI, 96, 2 X, 97,16 ( ).

VII, 118
, , -
, -
, - -
. :
-b , c-d -
, .
: .
2 ... (?) (visataki)... -
(visa- ).
2c-d ... (pdrivrkta yathdsasyrsabhdsya vaseva)... .
, .

VII, 119
. -
-
. ,
.
: .
1 ... (te mukhasya sdmkasat)... ,
.

VII, 120
.
, . ,
, .
: . ., . 150-151, 353.
: 1,4 , 2-3 .
(ekasatam)... ,
101 , -
(Bloomfield, 1973, . 565).

557

4b ... (khili). ,
, , , .

VII, 121
- ( , takmdn -
; Zysk, 1985, . 34-41) , -
.
, ,
, ,
.
: . ., . 66, 335.
: 1 , (9+7:12), 2 2 -
(11+12).
1 ... (purvakamakrtvane).
,
krtvan-: krt- ,
- . , , :
former-desire-performing one, . -
, (Zysk,
1985, . 149).
2 ...... ( , ) {) ( anyedyur
ubhayadyur...)... : , , ,
, .

VII, 122

, -, -
.
: .
1 =,45, 1.

VII, 123
,
. -
.
: . ., . 278, 384.
: .
1 =PB,VI, 75, 18.



(agni) ; : -
, () , ,
, -
; -;
.
(dditi , , ) , -
; .
(adityd . .) ,
: , , , , -
, , . -
; .
(adhvaryu) ,
; -
.
{amirta , ) , -
; .
(atlgiras . .) , ,
, -
-. .
(dnumati , , ) -
.
(amsa , , ) , -
; .
AncapaclAncapa (apsards, apsara)
, , -
, .
, , .
() ; , -
.

560
...

( , , )
, ;
.
(dsura . . , ) -
,
; .
(atrin . .) .
(dtharvan) ; ,
.
.
(asvin , , ) -
,
, ; .
( , , ) (
), .

(brahman, brahmand) , -
.
{brdhmanaspdti , ), -
, - ,
.
(brhaspdti) . .
(bhdga , , ) , -
; .
(bharatT) ; -
.
(bhrgu) , ;
; -
.

(vdjra) , ,
.
(vaisvdnard , ) -
, :
(, ), ( ).
(vdruna) ; ,
;
; .
(vdsu , , ) , -
.
(vata) .

561

! iydsat) -, -
.
() ;
; .
(visnu) , ,
-
; .
(vrtrd . . ; . . ) -,
;
, . , -
, , .
Bee- (visve devah) 1) , -
; 2) ,
( ).
() (rtd) , -
,
, .
.

(gandharvd . .) , ,
, -.
(nirrti , ) ,
.

(ddksa , ) ; -
( ) .
(dasd) (ddsyu) :
.
. .
(jatdvedas , []
[] ) .
(dhatdr , , ) -,
.

(prthivt) .
(. ) --
.

( , ) -
.

562
...

(indra) ( ), -

. ,
, , -
. ,
.

( , , ) .
(kimldin) .
.

Many (mdnu , ), , , -
.
(mdnus) . .
(marut . .), , , -
, ; ( -
). , -, ,
, .
.
Mumpa (mitrd . . ; . . , )
, ;
, .
- (mitravdruna) -
, ,
, .. -
.

(dydus) ; (. );
--.
-- (dyavdprthivi) , -
( ), -
: .
---
.

(pitdrah) ,
; ,
; .

(parjdnya) ;
, .

563

(pisdcd . .) ;
; ; ,
.
(prajdpati , ) , -
, ; .
(purohita , )
.
(pusdri) , ,
.

{) , .
(raksds . .) -, -
, , .
(rbhu , ) ,
(, ), ,
.
(hi) , , ,
, -
.
(rudra) , ,
, ;
.
. .

(savitdr , ) , -
; ,
.
(sddhyd) .
(sdrasvat , ) ;
.
(sdrasvati , ) 1)
; 2) , ; 3) .
! (svuhd) !, , -
.
(simvali) , .
(soma) . :
1) , -
(, ,
.. , -; -
); 2) ; 3) , , -
.

564
...

(surya) , ; ; -
;
, .

(tanundpat , ) .
(tvdstar , ) -
( ), .
(tritd , ) ;
(tritd aptyd). ,
; ,
.
.

(usds) ,
, ,
.

(hotar) ; ; -
.

iyamd , ) , , -
; , ; -
.


.

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Ambrosini, 1981 Dal X libro del Rg-Veda. Inni tradotti e commentate da Ric-
cardo Ambrosini. Pisa, 1981.
Bloch, 1985 Bloch J. La charrue vedique. Recueil d'articles de Jules Bloch.
1906-1955. Textes rassembles par Caillat. P., 1985.
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Patna-Varanasi, 1973 (1 s t ed.: Oxf., 1897= Sacred Books of the East.
Vol. XLII).
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Vishnu Mirashi Felicitation Volume. Nagpur, 1965, 24-29.
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A Study in Fertility and Sex-Symbolism with Special Reference to the Rgveda.
Bombay, 1971, chap. V.
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lungsgeschichte des Vedischen Opfers. Freiburg. 1986.
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1955(l.Aufl.: 1872).
Griffiths, 2004 Griffiths A. The Paippaladasamhita of the Atharvaveda. Kandas
6 and 7. A New Edition writh Translation and Commentary. Leiden Univ. Diss.
2004.
Hoffmann, 1976 Hoffmann K. Aufsatze zur Indoiranistik, Bd. 2. Wiesbaden,
1976.
Jamison, 1991 Jamison S.W. The Ravenous Hyenas and the Wounded Sun. Myth
and Ritual in Ancient India. Ithaca and London. 1991.
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Kuiper, 1979 Kuiper F.B.J. Varuna and Vidusaka. Oxf.-N. Y., 1979.
Kuiper, 1991 Kuiper F.B.J. Aryans in the Rigveda. Amsterdam-Atlanta. 1991.
Kuiper, 1996 Kuiper F.B.J. Gandharva and Soma. Studien zur Indologie und
Iranistik. 1996, Bd. 20, 225-255.
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Kommentar. Eine Sammlung altindischer Zauberspriiche vom Beginn des
1. Jahrtausends v. Chr. Idstein, 1999.
SUMMARY

This book is the first volume of the first complete Russian translation
of the Atharvaveda (Saunaka) (two more volumes are planned). An an-
thology of translations of Atharvavedic charms and spells, containing
approximately one third of the whole text, was published earlier by the
author of the present translation (Atharvaveda. Izbrannoye. Moscow,
1976; 2nd ed., 1989, 3rd ed., 1995). The translations from the anthology
are revised here.
The translation is based on the edition Atharvaveda (Saunaka) with
the Padapatha and Sayanacarya 's Commentary, ed. by Vishva Bandhu,
Parts I-IV. Hoshiarpur, 1960-1962.
The Atharvaveda (AV) "Veda of the Fire Priest Atharvan" belongs to
the genre of the Vedas (veda signifies "sacred knowledge"), of which
three more Vedas are known: the Rgveda (RV) "Veda of the Hymns"
(the most ancient and independent one, dating from the middle of the
2nd millennium ), the Yajurveda "Veda of the Sacrificial Formulae"
and the Samaveda "Veda of the Melodies" (both of the latter are closely
connected with the RV). Of all the later Vedas, the AV, which was codi-
fied around the very beginning of the 1st millennium in the central
part of Northern India (Kuruksetra), is the most independent from the
RV. This is due to its contents: the most ancient and original part of this
heterogeneous text is represented by charms and spells (and not by
laudatory hymns), which imply quite a different social stratum. For this
reason, the A V was classed with the Vedas much later than the rest: there
were only three Vedas at first.
This fact is one of the key circumstances surrounding this text. The
A V is a collection of metrical hymns (the word "hymn" is also applied
here to charms and spells, in keeping with the Indian tradition), which
contain approximately 6,000 verses (prose accounts for one-sixth of the
total volume). The hymns were transmitted orally from father to son, yet
the text was not preserved as strictly as the sacred hymns of the RV. This
resulted in the violation of metres and the distortion of the text, which

570
Summary

creates serious obstacles both for the understanding of the A V and for
the reconstruction of the Ur-Atharvaveda.
There exist two recensions of the A V: the Saunakiya (or Saunaka),
which is regarded as the vulgate, and the Paippalada. The manuscripts
of both texts are very late; those of the Saunakiya do not predate the
17th century. Although each recension consists of 20 books (kanda),
these books do not coincide, and parallel hymns are usually represented
by different variants. Thus the relation between the Saunakiya and the
Paippalada is extraordinarily complex, and one must be very cautious
about using the alternate recension as an aid for translating the text.
The first volume of the Russian translation of the A V consists of an
Introduction, a translation of Kandas I-VII, a Commentary and Appen-
dices.
The Introduction, which is entitled "Atharvaveda: Structure and
Content" represents an enlarged and revised version of the introductory
article in the previously published Atharvavedic anthology. Special at-
tention is given to new materials, ideas and publications that have ap-
peared over the last thirty years. An attempt is made to give a compre-
hensive description of this Samhita (collection) its names, its chro-
nology and localisation, its recensions, its place among the Vedas, its
ancillary literature (which is of particular importance for this text), its
structure and contents, its metrical peculiarities, its language and the
history of Atharvavedic studies and translations. New problems are con-
nected above all with the Paippalada recension of the A V after the dis-
covery of the Paippalada manuscripts in Orissa (and not only in Kash-
mir), with the interpretation of the mutual relations of the Vedic schools
or sakhas (M. Witzel), and with the treatment of the Vratyas (Book 15)
from the social point of view (H. Falk).
The first volume contains the Russian translation of the first seven
books of the A V. It is generally accepted that this is the most ancient part
of the whole Samhita. It consists of all kinds of charms and spells dis-
tributed among books according to a numerical principle: a fixed num-
ber of verses (mantras) in a hymn (sukta) is taken as a norm in each
book (each book departs from its norm, however). The first section
(Books 1-7) is a collection of short hymns on miscellaneous subjects.
The traditional division into hymns has sometimes seemed illogical to
Western interpreters of the text, who have established their own divi-
sions between neighbouring hymns (Whitney). The Russian translation
strictly follows the Indian division of the hymns as given in the Vishva
Bandhu edition of the text.

571
Summary

The hymns and charms in these books deal with a wide range of sub-
jects, representing both black and white magic. They include spells
against various diseases and possession by demons, healing spells, spells
against witchcraft and sorcerers, spells against enemies and various
evils, etc. There are curses, expiations of guilt and spells against fear,
bad dreams, death, etc. Charms for the attainment of positive aims are
also very diverse. They include spells for long life, concord, exaltation,
success, glory, the abundance of wealth and conjugal happiness, as well
as love spells, spells for success with dice, etc. There are also spells
connected with the king's power and ritual spells. The spells are ad-
dressed to different amulets (including healing herbs and plants), gods
and deified cosmic elements (the waters, the sun, the moon, etc.), and
different objects (the chariot, the war-drum, the girdle, etc.).
These charms are a source of precious knowledge about the everyday
life of Vedic Aryans. Despite their brahmanized form, they are largely
of popular origin, as they stem from folklore (of Aryan and autochtho-
nous tribes). At the same time, some of these charms have parallels in
other ancient Indo-European traditions and can serve as a valuable
source for reconstruction.
Hymns dedicated to gods in the A V do not develop any new mytho-
logical subjects: they were part of magical practice, and gods were used
as instruments for attaining desired aims. The few speculative mystic
hymns that are usually found at the beginning oikandas (Kandas 2,4, 5
and 7) have a less pronounced connection with magic. These hymns are
quite different in style from the much simpler charms and spells.
The aim of this translation is to transmit as precisely as possible the
contents of the A V to the Russian reader. Whitney's English translation
with Lanman's comments is an example of an extremely literal transla-
tion that served as a constant source of reference for the Russian transla-
tor. Nevertheless, Whitney's work was published in 1905, and the pro-
gress of Atharva studies during the last century must naturally be re-
flected in a new translation. In addition, it is no secret that a word-for-
word translation is not always the most exact one. Bloomfield's transla-
tions in his anthology are less exact but often more readable; they were
also constantly used. Mayrhofer's etymological dictionary was regularly
consulted in order to revise the meanings of certain words, along with
all of the new Indological literature available in Moscow.
Despite all the translator's efforts, many passages in the hymns re-
main obscure, because the text has been corrupted or because the mean-

572
Summary

ing of many words remains unknown (the names of plants, serpents,


diseases, evil spirits and so on).
The spells in the first section of the A V are metrical, and prosaic in-
sertions are very few. The Vedic metrical system differs greatly from the
Russian one. Its main principle is the measurement of the number of
syllables in a line or pada. The sequence of long and short syllables is
fixed only at the end of the line. The verse is unaffected by the place of
the musical accent. There are no rhymes in Vedic poetry (a rhyme effect
is sometimes created by a sort of repetition). It is impossible to transmit
such stanzas with the help of Russian verse. The attempt to preserve the
structure of the Vedic stanza in Russian translation is based on a syntac-
tic criterion: the end of a sentence should mostly coincide with the cae-
sura of a stanza. The position of the key words of a pada was also usu-
ally retained in Russian "verse".
The translation is provided with a complex Commentary, which
combines text-critical, linguistic and material approaches. Each article
deals with a certain spell or hymn and begins by presenting general in-
formation about it: its theme, ritual application (mainly according to the
Kausika-sutra) and metre, as well as a reference to previous Russian
translations (if such exist). This information is followed by text-critical
notes arranged by line. Necessary emendations of the Vedic text are
suggested; complicated grammatical forms, syntactic constructions and
difficult words are discussed; peculiarities of style are mentioned; and
some mythological persons and subjects are explained. Extralinguistic
explanations are a prominent part of the Commentary. Parallels with the
are regularly mentioned.
The book concludes with a series of Appendices: a brief glossary of
the main mythological persons and ritual notions, a bibliography and a
list of abbreviations.


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