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Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Question Bank

5, September , 2006 at 4:08 pm (Uncategorized)

Reference book for division into chapters:

The essentials of FM and Toxicology, 24/e 2005

Author: K.S.Narayan Reddy

FORENSIC MEDICINE:

Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION

Chapter 2: LEGAL PROCEDURE

Chapter 3: MEDICAL LAW AND ETHICS


Chapter 4: IDENTIFICATION

Chapter 5: MEDICOLEGAL AUTOPSIES

Chapter 6: DEATH & ITS CAUSE

Chapter 7: POST-MORTEM CHANGES

Chapter 8: MECHANICAL INJURIES

Chapter 9: REGIONAL INJURIES

Chapter 10: MEDICO LEGAL ASPECTS OF WOUNDS

Chapter 11: ANAESTHETIC AND OPERATIONAL DEATHS

Chapter 12: THERMAL DEATHS

Chapter 13: STARVATION

Chapter 14: MECHANICAL ASPHYXIA

Chapter 15: IMPOTENCE AND STERILITY

Chapter 16: VIRGINITY, PREGNANCY & DELIVERY

Chapter 17: SEXUAL OFFENSES

Chapter 18: ABORTION

Chapter 19: INFANT DEATHS

Chapter 20: BLOOD STAINS

Chapter 21:FORENSIC PSYCHIATRY (SOLVED WITH ANSWERS)

Chapter 22: ARTIFACTS

Chapter 23: FORENSIC SCIENCE LABORATORY

TOXICOLOGY:

Chapter 24: GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

Chapter 25: AGRICULTURAL POISONS


Chapter 26: CORROSIVE POISONS

Chapter 27: METALLIC POISONS

Chapter 28: INORGANIC IRRITANT POISONS

Chapter 29: ORGANIC IRRITANT POISONS

Chapter 30: CNS DEPRESSANTS

Chapter 31: CNS STIMULANTS

Chapter 32: MISCELLANEOUS POISONS

Chapter 33: DELIRIANT POISONS

Chapter 34: DRUG DEPENDENCE

Chapter 35: SPINAL POISONS

Chapter 36: CARDIAC POISONS

Chapter 37: ASPHYXIANTS

Chapter 38: FOOD POISONING

============================

NOTE: The syllabus is mentioned just below the name of every chapter.

It is followed by the questions.

RS: Revised Scheme from batch admitted from 1997-98 to 2003-04.

OS: Old Scheme for 1996-97 batch.

============================

Question Bank Arranged Chapterwise by:

NANDISH.B, BMC, 2003-04 BATCH

Question Papers Given by:

Naganath.K, Nandish.B & Shreyas.N .

BMC, 2003-04 BATCH.

============================

Please note that all questions have not been included.

Although there are 3 books dealing with question banks available in the market, none is perfect.

Among the three, the following is somewhat better. We intend to build up the question bank. So we

request the interested 2nd year students to come forward and solve the questions by referring to the

following book and send your answers to nandishb.bmc@gmail.com

Forensic Medicine Chap 1: INTRODUCTION


2, June , 2006 at 7:13 pm (Uncategorized)
Syllabus:

I. FORENSIC MEDICINE:

[1]

*H/O FM

*Definition and introduction of FM &:

*Definition and introduction of medical jurisprudence

*Definition and introduction of ethics

*Definition and introduction of etiquette

Questions:

Nil.

Forensic medicine Chap 2: LEGAL PROCEDURE


2, June , 2006 at 7:18 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[7] Inquest by Police, Magistrate & Coroner

[2] Courts in India and their powers:

Supreme Court, High court, Sessions court, Additional sessions court,

Magistrates court, Coroners court.

[3] Court procedures:

Summons, conduct money, oath, affirmation, perjury, types of witnesses, types of examination,

recording evidence, court questions, conduct of doctor in witness box, medical examiners system.

[4] Medical certification and Medico legal reports, including dying declaration, dying deposition.

Questions:

Long Essays:

1. What is subpoena? Describe the procedure of recording of evidence in a court of law? [RS Mar 06]

2. Explain the procedure of recording dying declaration. Enumerate the differences between dying

declaration and dying deposition. [RS May 2000]

Short essays:

1. Indications for holding Magistrates Inquest. [OS Nov 01], [RS Nov 01]

2. Magistrate inquest. [RS Mar 06]

3. What is summons? What should a doctor do if he receives summons from two courts for the same
day? [RS Apr 02]

4. Write in detail about various types of witnesses in a court of law. Add a note on Hostile witness. [RS

Mar 05], [RS Sep 02], [OS Nov 01]

5. Enumerate the various types of Documentary Evidence. Add a note on DyingDeclaration. [RS

Mar 03]

6. What is dying declaration? Describe in brief the procedure of recording it. [RS Apr 01]

7. Dying declaration. [RS Mar 06], [RS May 00], [OS Sep 02]

Short Answers:

1. Summons [RS May 00]

2. Conduct money [RS Sep 02]

3. Perjury [RS Sep 04], [RS Apr 02], [OS Sep 02], [OS Mar 99]

4. Expert witness [RS May 00], [OS Sep 02]

5. Objectives of cross examination during recording of evidence. [RS Mar 03], [RS Apr 01]

6. Aims of cross examination [RS Mar 04]

7. Dying declaration. [OS Apr 02], [OS Mar 99]

Forensic Medicine Chap 3: MEDICAL LAW


AND ETHICS
2, June , 2006 at 7:39 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

III. MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE:

[1] Indian Medical Council & State Medical Councils: their disciplinary control

[2] Indian Medical Register ,Rights & privileges of Registered Medical Practitioners,

Penal erasure, Infamous conduct, and disciplinary committee.

[3] Code and law of medical ethics, unethical practice, dichotomy, consumer protection act.

[4] Professional secrecy, privileged communication.

[5] Malpraxis: Civil, Criminal and ethical.

[6] Consent, negligence, vicarious liability, the doctrine of Res Ipsa Loquitur,

Contributory negligence.

[7] Duties of a medical practitioner towards his patient and the society.

[8] Human organ transplantation act of 1994.

[9] PNDT Act (Revised 1994)

[10]Sex determination by Amniocentesis.


[11]Euthanasia:

[12]Torture medicine

[13]The biomedical waste [Management and handling] [second amendment]

rules, 2000.

I.FORENSIC MEDICINE

[11]. f. Workmans compensation act.

[23]Biomedical waste: Types, potential risks and their safe management.

Questions:

Long Essays:

1. Describe the constitution & functions of Medical Council of India. [RS Mar 03]

2. Discuss the constitution & functions of Indian Medical Council. [4+6] [OS Sep 02]

3. Describe briefly the functions of Indian Medical Council and State Medical

Councils. [OS May 00]

4. Define infamous conduct. Explain with suitable examples. Mention how State Medical Council takes

disciplinary action for infamous conduct. [OS Apr 02] [3+5+2]

5. Define the term medical negligence, and its ingredients. Mention four defenses and precautions for

negligence. [RS Sep 04]

6. Describe civil and criminal negligence with suitable examples. Describe the precautions to be taken

by a doctor to avoid a charge of negligence. [RS Apr 02]

Short Essays:

1. Describe briefly how Karnataka Medical Council takes disciplinary action over Registered Medical

Practitioners. [RS Nov 01]

2. Role of I.M.C. with regard to Medical Education. [RS Apr 02]

3. Enumerate five examples of serious professional misconduct. [RS Apr 01]

4. Liability for civil negligence by doctors. What are the main conditions that are to be satisfied? (2+3)

[RS Mar 05], [RS Sep 02]

5. Consent. [OS Mar 99]

6. Medical negligence. [RS May 00]

7. Describe Vicarious Liability in the hospital treatment of the patient. [OS Sep 02]

8. Res Ipsa Loquitur [OS Apr 02]

9. What is therapeutic misadventure? Mention its significance. [OS Nov 01]

10. Human organ transplantation act. [OS Nov 01]


11. Write about euthanasia? [RS Mar 06]

12. Current trends in euthanasia. [RS Mar 03]

Short Answers:

1. Penal erasure. [RS Mar 04]

2. Erasure of name. [RS Mar 06]

3. Professional misconduct (infamous conduct). [OS Mar 99]

4. Role of IMC with regard to penal erasure. [RS Apr 01], [OS Nov 01]

5. Role of MCI with regard to penal erasure. [RS Sep 02]

6. Write about Dichotomy & Covering. [RS Apr 02]

7. Professional secret. [RS Mar 06]

8. Previleged communications. [RS Mar 04], [RS May 00]

9. Implied consent. [OS Sep 02]

10. Loco parentis. [RS May 00]

11. Vicarious responsibility. [RS Mar 06], [RS Mar 04]

12. Res Ipsa Loquitur. [RS Sept 04]

13. Duties of patient and its significance in negligence suits. [RS Apr 01]

14. Corporate negligence. [OS Nov 01]

15. Vicarious liability. [RS Mar 03]

Forensic Medicine Chap 4: IDENTIFICATION


2, June , 2006 at 8:18 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[8] Identification:

a] Definition, corpus delicti.

b] Identification of living persons by race, age, sex, complexion, stature.

c] Identification of following: criminals, unknown persons, dead bodies & remains of a person by-

hair fiber, teeth, anthropometry, dactylography, foot prints, scars, tattoos,

poroscopy, DNA fingerprintings, super imposition.

Questions:

Long Essays:

1. Enumerate the various data which help in establishing identity of a person. What is dactylography?
Mention its types. [OS Nov 01]

2. What are the different methods of determining age of person? Write about medicolegal importance

of age. [RS Mar 04]

Short Essays:

1. What is intersex? What are the various types? [OS Nov 01]

2. Age estimation by Gustafsons method. [RS May 00]

3. Mention the medicolegal importance of age. [OS Apr 01]

4. Dactylography. [RS Sept 04]

5. Write about Dactylography [RS Mar 04]

6. Outline the procedure of superimposition & mention the medicolegal importance. [RS Apr 01], [OS

Nov 01]

7. What are tattoo marks? how are they produced? Mention their medicolegal

importance. [RS Mar 03] [RS Nov 01], [OS Apr 02].

8. Tattoo marks. how they are produced and removed? What is its medico legal

importance? [RS Mar 06]

9. Super imposition. [RS Mar 06]

10. Forensic odontology. [OS Mar 99]

11. Medicolegal importance of teeth. [RS Mar 05], [RS Sept 02], [RS Nov 01]

Short Answers:

1. corpus delicti [RS Mar 03]

2. Procedure of establishment of identity in unknown dead bodies.

[RS Mar 05], [RS Nov 01]

3. Cephalic Index. [RS Mar 06], [RS Mar 05], [RS Apr 02], [RS Nov 01]

4. What is sex chromatin? [RS Mar 05], [RS Nov 01]

5. Secondary sexual characters. [RS Apr 01]

6. Arcus Senalis. [RS Mar 99]

7. Medicolegal importance of age 18 years. [RS Dec 04]

8. Dactylography. [RS Sept 02]

9. Poroscopy. [RS Mar 05], [RS Nov 01], [OS Sept 02]

10. Footprints. [RS May 00]

11. Tattoo marks. [OS Sept 02]

12. Medicolegal importance of hair. [RS Mar 05], [RS Mar 03],

[RS Nov 01]


13. Medicolegal importance of bite marks. [RS Mar 05], [RS Nov 01]

14. Tattooes. [RS Dec 04]

Forensic Medicine Chap 5:


MEDICOLEGAL AUTOPSIES
2, June , 2006 at 8:36 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[10].Medico legal autopsies:

a] Definition of a medico legal post mortem

b] Difference between pathological & medico legal post mortem

c] Objectives, procedures, formalities of medico legal autopsies

e] Special procedures in suspected poisoning.

f] Precautions in autopsy of HIV infected body, radiation injury.

[9] Examination of mutilated, human remains, skeletal remains; & exhumation.

Questions:

Short Essays:

1. Differences between medico legal & clinical autopsies. [OS Apr 02],

[OS Apr 01]

2. Write about viscera preservation for chemical analysis. [RS Mar 04]

3. Preservation of viscera in a suspected case of poisoning. [RS Apr 01]

4. What are the prerequisites & important rules concerned with medicolegal autopsy? [OS Nov 01]

5. Explain the objectives of skeletal examination. [RS Dec 04]

6. What is Exhumation? When is it done? Briefly outline the procedure. [RS Apr 02], [OS Sept 02]

7. What is Exhumation? Where is it done? Briefly outline the procedure. [RS Nov 01]

Short Answers:

1. Aims and objectives of medicolegal autopsies. [RS Mar 04]

2. Objectives of medicolegal autopsy. [RS Mar 05], [RS Nov 01],

[OS Sept 02]

3. Heart dissection procedure at autopsy. [RS Dec 04]

4. Primary skin incisions for opening the body during Autopsy. [RS Apr 02],

[RS Apr 01]

5. Primary skin incisions for opening dead bodies in autopsies. [RS Mar 05],
[RS Nov 01]

6. Exhumation. [RS Mar 06]

7. Second autopsy. [RS Mar 03]

8. Name two conditions where you can opine regarding the cause of death after post mortem of a

highly decomposed dead body. [OS Apr 02]

Forensic Medicine Chap 6: DEATH & ITS CAUSE


2, June , 2006 at 8:57 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:
[5].Death:

a] Definition, types: somatic, cellular & brain death

b] Natural and unnatural death

e] Death certification, Cause of death as per international classification of diseases WHO guidelines

Questions:

Short essays:

1. Write about brain death. [RS Mar 04]

2. Acute neurogenic cardiovascular failure. [RS May 00]

Short answers:

1. Somatic death. [RS Mar 06]

Forensic Medicine Chap 7: POST-MORTEM CHANGES


2, June , 2006 at 9:00 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[6]. Changes after death:

a] Cooling of body, Lividity, Rigor mortis, cadaveric spasm, cold stiffening and heat stiffening.

b] Putrefaction, mummification, adipocere & maceration.

c] Estimation of time of death.

d] Embalming

[10] e. Obscure autopsy


Questions:

Long essays:

1. Define death. Enumerate and explain early changes after death. [OS Mar 99]

2. What is time since death? What is its significance? Mention the various factors that help in

establishing the time since death. [RS Apr 01]

Short essays:

1. What is Suspended animation? What is its significance? Mention three conditions where it is seen.

[RS Apr 02]

2. What is suspended animation? What is its importance? Mention three conditions in which it is seen.

[OS Nov 01]

3. Algor mortis. [RS Mar 03]

4. Post mortem cooling. [OS May 00]

5. Post mortem staining. [OS Apr 02]

6. Rigor mortis. [RS Mar 05], [RS Sept 02], [RS May 00]

7. Cadaveric Spasm. [OS May 00]

8. Mummification. [OS May 00]

9. Entomology of the cadaver and its significance. [RS Dec 04]

10. Obscure autopsy [RS Nov 01]

Short answers:

1. Suspended animation [RS Mar 03]

2. Eye Changes after death. [RS Apr 02], [OS Apr 01]

3. Conditions simulating Rigor Mortis. [RS Sept 02]

4. Postmortem caloricity. [RS May 00]

5. Cadaveric spasm. [RS Mar 06], [OS Sept 02]

6. Foamy liver [RS Dec 04]

7. Mummification [RS Mar 04]

8. Methods of preservation of a dead body. [RS Apr 01]

9. Cadaveric entomology [RS Mar 04]

10. Obscure autopsy [RS Sept 02]

Forensic Medicine Chap 8: MECHANICAL INJURIES


3, June , 2006 at 9:46 am (Uncategorized)
Syllabus:

[11] Mechanical Injuries & wounds:

a. Definition, Classification and differentiation of abrasion, contusion, laceration,

chop wounds, incised wounds, stab wounds.

b. Weapons: Types of weapons: Dangerous weapons and elementary ballistics.

c. Wounds due to weapons: injuries by dangerous weapons, fire arm wounds,

blast injuries, stab wounds, incised wounds, defense cuts, hesitation cuts, self-

inflicted injuries, fabricated wounds.

[12] Examination of an injury case:

a. Differences between accidental; suicidal & homicidal injuries.

Questions:

Long essay:

1. Enumerate eight clauses of grievous hurt. Mention The differences between

laceration and incised wound. [RS Nov 01]

Short essay:

1. How do you Differentiate between postmortem staining and bruise? [RS Mar 06]

2. Differentiate between postmortem staining and bruise. [RS Mar 04]

3. Types of Abrasions. Mention its medico legal importance.

[RS Mar 05], [RS Apr 01]

4. Differences Between incised and lacerated wounds. [RS May 00]

5. Hesitation Cuts. [RS May 00]

6. What are defense wounds? Outline their Characteristics. [RS Apr 02], [OS Apr 01]

7. Fabricated wound. [OS Mar 99]

8. Differences between wounds of entry and exit of gunshot through the head.

[RS Mar 06]

9. How will you differentiate between wound of entry and wound of exit of rifled firearm.? [RS Mar 04]

10.outline The differences between suicidal & homicidal injuries.[OS Apr 01]

Short answers:

1. Defense wounds. [RS Mar 06] , [RS May 00]

2. Self inflicted injuries, [RS Mar 03]

3. What is meant by tailing of an incised wound? What does It indicate?

[RS Apr,2001]
4. Types of Abrasion [OS SEPT 02]

5. Hesitation Cuts. [RS SEPT 02]

6. Tandem bullet. [RS Apr 02]

7. Choking of gun [RS Mar 06]

8. What is meant by caliber of a firearm. [RS Apr 01]

9. Dum-dum-bullet. [RS Dec 04]

10. Ricochet bullet. [OS May 00]

Forensic Medicine Chap 9: REGIONAL INJURIES


3, June , 2006 at 9:55 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[11] b. Accidents due to vehicles: primary and secondary impact injuries;

reconstruction of accidents, railway injuries.

[12] e. Injuries of various sites:

Head: scalp wounds, fracture of skull, coup, contracoup injuries.

Intracranial hemorrhages, its location and extent.

Injury to brain, spinal cord, spine, eye.

Thoracic , abdominal and pelvic visceral injuries.

Bones ,joints and limb injury.

Questions:

Long essay:

1. Classify mechanical injuries. Describe the various types of fractures of the scull. What is Contre-

Coup injury? [3+4+2] [RS Sept 02]

Short essay:

1. Coup and contra coup injury. [OS May 00]

2. Fractures of the vault and base of the skull. [RS Dec 04]

3. What does the various types of Scull fractures. [RS Apr 02]

Short answers:

1. Post traumatic Amnesia.[RS Mar 05],[RS Sept 02], [RS Nov 01]

2. Hutchisons pupils. [RS Mar 06]

3. Whiplash Injury. [RS Dec 04]


Forensic Medicine Chap 10: MEDICO LEGAL
ASPECTS OF WOUNDS
3, June , 2006 at 10:00 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[11] b crush syndrome.

c. Differences Between ante-mortem and postmortem injuries/wounds,

g. Justifiable homicide, culpable homicide and grievous injury

[12] b. Types of Injuries: simple, grievous and fatal.

c. Wound As a cause of death: primary and secondary

d. Situation And character of wounds: number, direction, extent and the age of

injury.

e. Wound certification.

[16] Dowry deaths:

Questions:

Long essay:

1. Section 320 of I.P.C. [RS May 00]

Short essay:

1. How do you differentiate between ante mortem and post mortem injuries? [OS Nov 01]

2. Causes of death from injuries. [OS Sept 02]

3. Explain the various causes of death in cutthroat injuries.[RS Dec 04]

1. What is Dowry death? Describe the inquest procedure in Dowry deaths. [OS Apr 02]

Short answers:

1.Grievous Hurt. [RS Mar 06]

2. What constitutes Dowry deaths?[RS Mar 05] , [RS Nov 01]

Forensic Medicine Chap 11


3, June , 2006 at 10:28 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

-
Questions:

Nil

Forensic Medicine Chap 12: THERMAL DEATHS


3, June , 2006 at 10:52 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

13] Injuries due to physical agents, and their medico legal importance:

Cold, heat, burns, electricity and lightning.

Questions:

Long essay:

1. Define burns and classify. How will you differentiate between Ante-mortem and post mortem burns.

What are the causes of death due to burns?

[RS Mar 06]

Short essay:

1. Mention The causes of death from Burns.[RS Mar 05], [RS Sept 02]

Short answers:

1. Injuries due to exposure to cold.[RS Mar 05] , [RS Nov 01]

2. Paradoxical undressing. [OS Mar 99]

3. Heat haematoma. [RS May 00]

4. how do you Diagnose that death is due to burns in a charred body?

[RS Apr 01] ,[OS Apr 02]

5. Joule Burns. [RS Apr 02]

6. Filigree burns. [RS Dec 04] ,[RS Mar 04] ,[RS Mar 03]

Forensic Medicine Chap 13:STARVATION


3, June , 2006 at 10:28 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[15] Death due to malnutrition, neglect, battered babies.


Questions:

Nil

Forensic Medicine Chap 14: MECHANICAL ASPHYXIA


3, June , 2006 at 11:00 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[14] Asphyxial deaths: definitions, causes, types, postmortem appearance and medico legal

significance of suffocation, drowning, hanging, throttling, strangulation. Traumatic asphyxia, drowning,

Lynching, judicial hanging, bansdola.

Questions:

Long essay:

1. Enumerate the various violent Asphyxial deaths. What are the Postmortem findings in a case of

throttling. Add a note on a Hyoid bone fractures.

(3+4+2) [RS Apr 02]

2. Define Strangulation. Mention, the various types. outline The differences between hanging and

strangulation.

[RS Mar 05] ,[RS Mar 03], [RS Nov 01]

Short Essay:

1. Enumerate asphyxial deaths caused by pressure over neck.[OS Apr 01]

2. Judicial hanging. [OS Apr 02] , [OS Apr 01]

3. Differences between suicidal and homicidal hanging. [RS Mar 06]

4. The differences between hanging and ligature strangulation.[RS Mar 04]

5. Types of hyoid bone fractures. [OS Apr 01]

6. Smothering. [RS Mar 03]

7. Burking . [RS Apr 01]

8. Caf coronary. [RS Mar 05] , [RS Sept 02] ,[OS Apr 01]

9. Traumatic asphyxia. [RS Mar 06] , [OS Nov 01]

10. Pathophysiology of drowning. [RS May 00] ,[OS May 00]

11. External findings in a case of death due to wet drowning.[RS Dec 04]

12. Sexual asphyxias. [RS Apr 02]

13. Auto erotic death. [OS May 00]


Short answers:

1. partial Hanging. [RS Apr 01] ,[OS Sept 02]

2. Paultofs hemorrhage. [OS Nov 01]

3. Difference between ligative mark of hanging and strangulation.

[OS Apr 01]

4. Lynching. [RS Sept 02]

5. Bansdola. [RS Apr 02]

6. overlying [OS Apr 01]

7. Caf Coronary [RS May 02] ,[OS Mar 99]

8. Caf Coronary syndrome. [RS mar06], [RS Mar 04]

9. Causes of death due to drowning. [RS Mar 04]

10. Causes of death from drowning. [RS Mar 03]

11. Diatoms. [RS Dec 04]

12. Significance of examination for diatoms. [OS Apr 02]

13. Antemortem signs of drowning. [OS Apr 01]

Forensic Medicine Chap 15: IMPOTENCE


AND STERILITY
3, June , 2006 at 11:04 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[18] Legitimacy, paternity, disputed paternity, medico legal significance of

impotence. Sterility and Artificial Insemination; Super-foetation and

Super-fecundation; atavism; Sterilization.

Questions:

Short essay:

1. Impotency. [OS Mar 99]

2. What is artificial insemination? What are the types and mention the indications? [2+1+2] [RS Mar

05], [RS Sept 02]

3. What is artificial insemination? What are the types and what are the indications? What precautions a

doctor has to take while conducting artificial insemination. [RS Nov 01], [OS Apr 02]

4. Criteria of choosing a donor for artificial insemination. [RS Dec 04]


Short answer:

1. Artificial insemination. [RS May 00]

2. Legal problems of artificial insemination. [OS Apr 01]

3. Surrogate mother. [OS Nov 01]

4. Surrogate motherhood. [RS Sept 02]

5. Vaginismus. [OS Nov 01]

Forensic Medicine Chap 16: VIRGINITY, PREGNANCY


& DELIVERY
3, June , 2006 at 11:08 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[17]a. Virginity: Definition; and signs of Defloration.

[19] Pregnancy and Delivery:

Pregnancy: Signs of pregnancy in the living and in the dead.

Delivery: Signs of recent and delivery in the living and in the dead.

Questions:

Short essay:

1] What are the various types of Hymen? Who is a false Virgin?[RS Apr 01],

[OS Sept 02]

Short answer:

1. Pseudocyesis. [RS Dec 04]

2. Positive signs of pregnancy. [OS Apr 01]

3. Medico legal aspects of pregnancy. [RS Mar 05] ,[RS Nov 01]

4. Atavism. [RS Mar 05] ,[RS Nov 01]

Forensic Medicine Chap 17: SEXUAL OFFENSES


3, June , 2006 at 11:10 am (Uncategorized)

[17]b. Sexual Offenses: Rape-Definition, examination of victim and the accused in case of rape, gang

rape, custodial rape.

Incest.
Unnatural offenses-Tribadism, Bestiality, Buccal coitus, Sodomy.

Sexual perversions: Sadism, Masochism, Transvestism, Voyeurism, Indecent assault.

[22] Seminal stains: Examination, identification, collection, preservation,

dispatch.

Long essay:

1. Define Rape. Describe the procedure of examination of a victim of rape. Add a note on materials to

be preserved during examination. [3+5+2] [OS Apr 02]

Short essay:

1. Classify sexual offenses. Write about sodomy. [RS Mar 04]

2. Bestiality. [OS Apr 01]

3. Section 375 I.P.C. [OS Mar 99]

Short answers:

1. Statutory rape. [OS May 00]

2. Specimens to be collected from a victim of rape. [RS Apr 01]

3. Incest. [RS Apr 02]

4. Paedophilia. [OS Apr 01] ,[OS May 00]

5. Tribadism. [RS Mar 06], [RS Mar 03]

6. Bestiality. [RS Sept 02], [OS Apr 02]

7. Sadism. [RS Apr 02] , [OS Sept 02]

8. Masochism. [RS Mar 03]

9. Fetishism. [OS Apr 01]

10. Trans-Vestism. [RS Mar 04]

11. Voyeurism. [RS Mar 04] , [RS Apr 01]

Forensic Medicine Chap 18: ABORTION


3, June , 2006 at 11:14 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[19].Abortion/ Miscarriage: Natural and artificial therapeutic miscarriage;

complications of abortion; investigation in death due to abortion.

MTP act of 1971.


Questions:

Short essay:

1. MTP act of 1971.[RS Mar 04] , [RS Apr 02] ,[RS Apr 01] ,[OS Sept 02]

2. Enumerate the methods of performing a criminal abortion and explain the causes of death. [RS Dec

04]

3. Complications in criminal abortion. [RS May 00]

Short answer:

1. Difference between natural and criminal abortion. [OS Apr 01]

2. Abortion stick. [RS Mar 05], [RS Sept 02], [RS Nov 01]

3. Abortifacient. [RS Sept 02]

Forensic Medicine Chap 19: INFANT DEATHS


3, June , 2006 at 11:17 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[20] Infanticide: Definition and Medico legal consideration; viability;

determination of the age of the fetus; method of demonstration of centers of

ossification; Rule of Haase; Signs of live birth; Hydrostatic test. Maceration,

Post-mortem finding to differentiate still birth from a live birth. Battered

Baby syndrome and Munchausen syndrome by proxy. Sudden infant death

and cot death, Precipitate labour.Questions:

Long essay:

1. What is infanticide? Describe the postmortem findings in live birth. Enumerate the acts of omission

and commission employed in infanticide.

[OS Apr 01]Short essay:

1. Infanticide. [OS May 00]

2. Mention the differences between still born and live born foetus. [RS Nov 01]

3. Hydrostatic test. [RS Mar 04]

4. Procedure and inference of hydrostatic test. [RS Dec 04]

5. Battered Baby syndrome. [OS Sept 02]

6. Battered Baby syndrome. Outline The features and injuries. [RS Apr 01]

7. Cot death. [OS Mar 99]

8. SIDS. Outline the Features. Mention The various theories regarding its

causation. [RS Mar 03]


Short answers:

1. Still born. [OS Mar 99]

2. Dead born foetus. [RS May 00]

3. Viability of A Foetus. [RS Apr 02]

4. Spaldings Sign. [RS Mar 04], [RS Mar 03]

5. Munchausens Syndrome by proxy. [OS Apr 01]

6. Precipitate labour. [RS Mar 06]

Forensic Medicine Chap 20: BLOOD STAINS


3, June , 2006 at 11:22 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

21] Biological fluids: examination, preservation, dispatch and identification of

blood stains by micro chemical, spectroscopic and precipitation test. Blood

grouping in disputed paternity; group specific substances; hazards of blood

transfusion.

A brief update on recent advances: HLA typing, DNA typing.

Questions:

Short essay:

1. Medico legal aspects of blood groups. [OS Apr 01]

Short answer:

1. DNA Finger printing. [OS Nov 01]

Forensic Medicine Chap 21:FORENSIC PSYCHIATRY


3, June , 2006 at 11:27 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

II. FORENSIC PSYCHIATRY

[1] Definition: Types of mental disorders. Lucid interval.

[2] Mental Health Act, 1987. Indian Lunacy Act.

[3] Diagnosis of Mental illness/ insanity and feigned mental illness.


[4] Testamentary capacity, Restraint of insane with reference to civil & criminal responsibilities of

insane, doctrine of diminished responsibility, McNaughtens rule.

Questions:

Long Essays:

1. Classify insanity? What is a delusion? Describe the various types of delusion.

[RS Mar 05],[RS Nov 01]

2. Define and classify Mental Illness. Mention the various methods of

Restraining mentally ill person. [1+3+5] [RS Sept 02]

Short Essays:

1. Write in brief about different grades of Mental-subnormality. [RS Nov 01]

2. Enumerate the various types of delusions. [RS Apr 02], [OS Sept 02]

3. What are hallucinations? mention the types of Hallucinations.

[RS Mar 05], [RS Sept 02]

4. Define impulse. What are the various types of impulse? [RS Apr 01]

5. Lucid Interval and its Medicolegal Importance.[RS Mar 04], [RS Mar 03]

6. Testamentary Capacity.[OS May 00]

Short Answers:

1. Impulse [RS May 00], [OS Mar 99]

2. Illusion [RS Sept 02], [OS Apr 02]

3. Hallucinations [RS Dec 04]

4. Lucid interval [RS Mar 06], [RS May 00], [OS May 00]

5. Lucid interval in psychiatry [OS Apr 02]

6. Testamentary capacity [OS Apr 02]

7. Write briefly about testamentary capacity[RS Apr 02]

8. Feigned insanity [OS Mar 02]

9.McNaughtens rules. [RS Apr 02]

10. Doctrine of diminished responsibility [RS Mar 03]

11. Somnambulism [OS Nov 01]

=======================

NOTE:

Please Click on the question to read the answer.

=======================
Answers given by:

Nandish.B,

2003-04 Batch, BMC.

Forensic Medicine Chap 22: ARTIFACTS


3, June , 2006 at 11:36 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

Questions:

Nil

Forensic Medicine Chap 23: FORENSIC


SCIENCE LABORATORY
3, June , 2006 at 11:37 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

1Role of Forensic Science Laboratory.

Questions:
Short answer:

1. Truth serum. [RS Sept 02]

Forensic Medicine Chap 24:


GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
3, June , 2006 at 11:39 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

[1] General aspects Of poisoning:

Duties of a duty doctor in cases of poisoning; medicolegal autopsy in poisoning; preservation and

dispatch of viscera for Chemical analysis.


Laws related to poisons.

Questions:

Long essay:

1. Define poison. With the help of a neat labeled diagram, describe the equipment

used and explain the procedure of gastric lavage. Enumerate the contra-

indications for gastric lavage. [OS Mar 99]

2. General lines of treatment of a poisoned patient. [RS May 00]

3. How do you diagnose poisoning in the living and dead? What are the materials to be preserved in

the casualty? What are the viscera that are to be preserved for chemical analysis during autopsy in a

case of poisoning?

[OS Apr 01]

4. Enumerate The general principles of treating a poisoning case. Add a note on gastric lavage and

antidotes. [4+3+3] [OS Sept 02]

Short essay:

1. Mention the legal duties of doctor while treating a case of poisoning.

[RS Mar 05] , [RS Sept 02]

2. legal responsibilities of a doctor in a case of poisoning. [RS Dec 04]

3. What are antidotes? Classify with suitable examples. [OS Apr 02]

4. Antidote. [OS Mar 99]

Short answer:

1. Name two poisons whose signs and symptoms resemble diseases.

[OS Apr 02]

2. What are the signs and symptoms in a patient which arouse suspicion of

poisoning? [RS Apr 01]

3. Name poisons whose symptoms resemble natural diseases.[OS Nov 01]

4. Cattle poisons. [RS Nov 01] , [RS Mar 05]

5. Universal antidote.[RS Mar 06],[RS Mar 04],[RS Mar 03],[OS May 00]

6. Diaphoretics. [RS Mar 05],[RS Nov 01]

7. Chelating agents. [RS Dec 04]

Forensic Medicine Chap 25:


AGRICULTURAL POISONS:
3, June , 2006 at 11:44 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico

legal aspects of poisoning of:

k. Insecticides: Organo-phosphorus compounds, Endrin,

Kerosene,

Rodenticides .

Questions:

Long essay:

1. Write about symptoms and signs of acute organo-phosphorus poisoning. How will you treat? [RS Mar

04]

2. What are the symptoms and signs, mechanism of action, Diagnosis, and treatment of

organophosphorus compound poisoning. [RS Apr 01]

Short essay:

1 Outline the treatment of organo phosphorus poisoning. [RS Mar 03]

2. How do you treat a case of organo-phosphorous compound poisoning?

[OS Apr 02]

3. What are the precautions to be taken by farmers while spraying insecticides?

[OS Sept 02]

Short Answer:

1 Carbamate poisoning. [OS Nov 01]

Forensic Medicine Chap 26: CORROSIVE POISONS


3, June , 2006 at 11:47 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico

legal aspects of poisoning of:

a. Corrosive Poisons: Strong mineral acids like Carbolic acid, oxalic acid,
Sulphuric acid, Nitric acid, Hydrochloric acid; Alkalies.

Questions:

Short essay:

1.Vitriolage. [OS Apr 02]

2. Write about vitriolage. [RS Mar 06]

Short answers:

1. Vitriolage. [OS May 00]

2. Xanthoproteic reaction. [RS Mar 04] ,[RS Mar 03]

3. Carboluria. [OS May 00]

4. Carbalina. [OS Apr 01]

Forensic Medicine Chap 27: METALLIC POISONS


3, June , 2006 at 11:49 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico

legal aspects of poisoning of:

b. Metallic poisons: Lead, Mercury, Copper, Arsenic, Antimony.

Questions:

Short essay:

1. Plumbism [OS May 00]

2. Virdigris [OS Mar 99]

Short answers:

1. Lead line [RS May 00]

2. Basophilic Stippling [RS Mar 04]

3. Plumbism [OS Mar 99]

4. Punctate basophilia [RS Apr 02]

Forensic Medicine Chap 28: INORGANIC


IRRITANT POISONS
3, June , 2006 at 11:52 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico

legal aspects of poisoning of:

*Inorganic nonmetallic poisons: phosphorus.

*Mechanical poisons.

Questions:

Nil

Forensic Medicine Chap 29: ORGANIC


IRRITANT POISONS
3, June , 2006 at 11:54 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico

legal aspects of poisoning of:

*Organic vegetable irritants: Abrus, Capsicum, Calotropis, Semicarpus , Croton, Ergot & Ricinus.

c. Animal Poisons: Snakes, Scorpions, Bees, Wasps.

Questions:

Long essay:

1 Describe the clinical features and management of a viperine snake bite. Mention the precautions to

be taken while using the antidote. [RS Dec 04]

Short essay:

1. Snake bite. [RS May 00]

2. Mention the signs ,symptoms and treatment of scorpion sting. [RS Nov 01]

3. Outline the treatment of snake bite. [RS Apr 02],[OS Sept 02]
Short answers:

1. Toxalbumen. [RS Dec 04]

2. Suis as cattle poisons. [OS Nov 01]

Forensic Medicine Chap 30: CNS DEPRESSANTS


3, June , 2006 at 11:57 am (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico


legal aspects of poisoning of:

f. Inebriants/Alcoholism: Methyl and Ethyl alcohol

h. Anaesthetic agents: chloroform and ether

i. Miscellaneous: barbiturates, diazepam and antihistamines

=>sedatives : chloral hydrate and bromides.

c. Somniferous agents: Opium, Morphine and Pethidine.

Questions:

Short answers:

1. Widmarks formula. [RS Sept 02]

2. Mc Evans sign. [RS Apr 02]

3. Korsakoffs psychosis. [OS May 00]

4. Saturday nights paralysis. [RS May 00]

5. Breath analyzer. [RS Apr 01]

6. Why ethyl alcohol is used as antidote in methyl alcohol poisoning?

[RS Apr 01]

Forensic Medicine Chap 31 CNS STIMULANTS


3, June , 2006 at 12:04 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

-
Questions:

Nil

Forensic Medicine Chap 32:


MISCELLANEOUS POISONS
3, June , 2006 at 12:05 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico

legal aspects of poisoning of:

j. Miscellaneous: Aspirin, Paracetamol.

k.Turpentine.

=> Nitrates.

Questions:

Nil

Forensic Medicine Chap 33:DELIRIANT POISONS


3, June , 2006 at 12:07 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:
IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico

legal aspects of poisoning of:

d. Deliriants: Dhatura, Cannabis and Cocaine.

=>Vegetable alkaloids.

Questions:

Short essays:

1. Signs and symptoms of Atropine poisoning. [RS May 00]


Short answers:

1. Hashish. [RS May 00]

2. Magnans syndrome. [OS May 00]

Forensic Medicine Chap 34: DRUG DEPENDENCE


3, June , 2006 at 12:12 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

Drug Dependence.

Questions:

Short essay:

1. Drug abuse. [OS Mar 99]

Short answers:

1 Drug abuse. [RS Apr 02]

Forensic Medicine Chap 35: SPINAL POISONS


3, June , 2006 at 12:14 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico

legal aspects of poisoning of:

Spinal poisons/Convulsants: Strychnine

Paralytic agents.

Questions:

Short essay:

1.Enumerate the differences between Strychnine poisoning and Tetanus.

[RS Mar 05],[RS Sept 02]

Short answers:

1.Tetany. [RS Dec 04]


Forensic Medicine Chap 36: CARDIAC POISONS
3, June , 2006 at 12:17 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico

legal aspects of poisoning of:

i. Cardiac poisons: Aconite, Cerbera thevetia and Nerium odalum, Oleanders and hydrocyanic acid.

Questions:
Short essay:

1. How do you treat a case of cyanide poisoning? [RS Mar 03]

Short answers:

1. Hippus. [RS Apr 02] ,[OS May 00]

2. Treatment of cyanide poisoning. [RS Dec 04]

3. Aphrodisiacs. [RS Mar 03]

Forensic Medicine Chap 37: ASPHYXIANTS


3, June , 2006 at 12:19 pm (Uncategorized)

Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico

legal aspects of poisoning of:

g. Gaseous Poisons: Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide, War gases.

War gases and industrial gases: MIC

Questions:

Nil

Forensic Medicine Chap 38: FOOD POISONING


3, June , 2006 at 12:21 pm (Uncategorized)
Syllabus:

IV.TOXICOLOGY:

[2] Types of poison, diagnosis of poisoning, principles of therapy and medico

legal aspects of poisoning of:

l. Food poisoning: Botulism.

Questions:

Short answers:

1. Botulism. [RS Sept 02]

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