Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 8

EE4107

- Cybernetics Advanced

Exercise 6: Control and Simulation in


LabVIEW
In this task you will learn how to use the Simulation palette in LabVIEW.

You need the LabVIEW Control Design and Simulation Module for this Task.

Below we see the Simulation palette in LabVIEW:

The foundation for the simulations is the Control & Simulation Loop, which is located in the upper
left corner in the Simulation palette. The Control & Simulation Loop is very similar to an ordinary
While loop, but it has built-in features and is optimized for simulation purposes.

It is recommended that you watch the video Simulation Palette Overview (about 15
minutes) by Finn Haugen before you start with the exercises.

Example:

Given the following dynamic system (differential equation):

= +

The block diagram for this equation is as follows:

Faculty of Technology, Postboks 203, Kjlnes ring 56, N-3901 Porsgrunn, Norway. Tel: +47 35 57 50 00 Fax: +47 35 57 54 01

LabVIEW Implementation:

We can easily implement this block diagram and plot the results in LabVIEW:

Lets set = 0.25 and = 2. When we run the simulation, we get the following results:

EE4107 - Cybernetics Advanced

Simulation Parameters:

In the example the following simulation parameters are used (right-click on the Simulation Loop
border and select Configure Simulation parameters):


Transfer Function:

We can also find the transfer function for the system using Laplace:

= + ()

This gives the following transfer function:

() /
= = = =
() + 1 + 1 + 1

This means = / and = 1/

With = 0.25 and = 2 we get:

() 8
= =
() 4 + 1

From the plot above we see that this is correct ( = 8 and = !" = 4).

In the Continuous Linear Systems palette in LabVIEW we have a block for defining a transfer
function:

EE4107 - Cybernetics Advanced

Then we can easily use the transfer function block instead:

This gives the same results:

Note! The order of the coefficients are different in LabVIEW and MathScript.

We define a transfer function in LabVIEW like this:

EE4107 - Cybernetics Advanced

Try with different values for and and see whats happen are the results according to the theory
for 1.order transfer functions?

Task 1: Bacteria Simulation


In this task we will use LabVIEW and the LabVIEW Control Design and Simulation Module to simulate
a simple model of a bacteria population in a jar.

The mathematical model for the bacteria population is as follows:

birth rate=bx

death rate = px2

Then the total rate of change of bacteria population is:

Set b=1/hour and p=0.5 bacteria-hour

We will simulate the number of bacteria in the jar after 1 hour, assuming that initially there are 100
bacteria present.

Task 1.1
Draw Block Diagram for the system using pen and paper.

Task 1.2
Simulate the system in LabVIEW, where you follow these steps:

1. Start LabVIEW and use the Control and Simulation Loop from Control Design and Simulation
Palette in LabVIEW
2. Drag in the necessary Blocks from the palette (including the plot).
3. Use the Connection Wire from the Tools palette and draw the necessary wires.
4. Configure Simulation Parameters (right-click on the Control and Simulation Loop border)

EE4107 - Cybernetics Advanced

5. Start the Simulation. The Simulation result should be present in a plot.

Task 2: Spring-mass damper system


Use LabVIEW Control Design and Simulation Module and the Control and Simulation Loop in
order to create a simulation of a spring-mass damper system.

The differential equation for the system is as follows:

1
= ( )

Where.

is an external force applied to the system

is the damping constant of the spring

is the stiffness of the spring

is a mass

is the position of the mass

is the first derivative of the position, which equals the velocity of the mass

is the second derivative of the position, which equals the acceleration of the mass

Task 2.1
Draw Block Diagram for the system using pen and paper.

Task 2.2
Implement and simulate the system in LabVIEW.

Simulate and plot the position (), the velocity (), and the acceleration () in 3 different plots.

EE4107 - Cybernetics Advanced

In the simulations you may set = 9.8, = 1, = 1 = 100

Then try to set = 10 and see the difference. Try also different values for and and see what
happens. Try to explain the results.

Task 3: PID Control


In this task you will use the example General PID Simulator.vi as a base for your simulation. Use
the NI Example Finder (Help Find Examples in the LabVIEW menu) in order to find the VI in
LabVIEW.

Task 3.1
Run the example and see how it is implemented and how it works.

Task 3.2
Replace the function PID.vi with the more advanced function PID Advance.vi instead.

Note! Make sure to save it with another name!

You find all the PID functions in the PID palette:

EE4107 - Cybernetics Advanced

Task 3.3
Change ! and ! so the unit is seconds instead of minutes on your Front Panel (User Interface).

The functions PID.vi and PID Advanced.vi requires that ! and ! is in minutes, while its normal
to use seconds as the unit for these parameters. You can use the following piece of code in order to
transform them:

Run simulations and find proper values for ! ! and ! .

Additional Resources
Basic LabVIEW programming:

Tutorial: Introduction to LabVIEW: http://home.hit.no/~hansha/?tutorial=labview


LabVIEW Starter: http://home.hit.no/~hansha/training/labview/starter

Control and Simulation:

http://home.hit.no/~hansha/?lab=control_simulation

Here you will find additional tasks, tutorials and other resources.

Videos:

Simulation Palette Overview (about 15 minutes) by Finn Haugen.

EE4107 - Cybernetics Advanced