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Name: Sang Kee Date: ____________

Biology 12 NVDL:
Unit 6: DNA and Genes VIRTUAL LAB
Complete the virtual lab. Follow the instructions carefully and follow the procedure. You will
need to complete 3 sequences.
The handout below contains the "Journal Questions" you need to complete as well as an
explanation of the images you need to include (See Question #7 below).

1. Describe the mutation rule for each of your 3 trials.


1 one : Insert the A in front of the 2nd G
st

2ndone : Insert the U in front of the 2nd A


3rd one : Insert the U in front of the 2nd U

2. How many amino acids were changed?


(Answer this question for each different sequence (X3))
st
1 one : 6
2ndone : 1
3rd one : 1

3. What do you think will be the impact of this mutation? Why?


(Answer this question for each different sequence (X3))
st
1 one: They are detrimental as they create new codons and new amino acid sequence.
2ndone: They are detrimental as they create new codons and new amino acid sequence.
3rd one: They are detrimental as they create new codons and new amino acid sequence.

4. Was the sequence a result of point or frameshift mutation?


(Answer this question for each different sequence (X3))
1st one : frameshift
2ndone : frameshift
3rdone : frameshift

5. Explain why all mutations are not necessarily harmful.

Not all mutations are harmful, as they increase the genetic variability in populations and they
are essential for humans to continue developing and surviving.
6. Does changing the sequence of nucleotides always result in a different amino acid
sequence? Explain.
No. Some tRNAs recognize more than one codon so some mutations will not change the amino
acid sequence.

IMAGES

7. Use the Print Screen function or some other screen capture that your computer may
have to save an image of each of your successful trials (X3). You may copy each image
below (see example) or save as image files that you will submit with your assignment.

Internet Tutorial on Print Screen: (there are many tutorials available you can use)

http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=106801&title=Print_Screen

Example:
Trial 1
Trial 2
Trial 3