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An Overview of the alchemical and

magical system of The Gold- und


Rosenkreuz Order

Most people interested in the western herme- tury, when the nomen mysticum Sincerus Re-
tic tradition today know that the 18th century natus (Samuel Richter) published The True and
Gold und Rosenkreuz Order was a high degree Complete Preparation of the Philosophers Stone of the
Masonic Order with a strong emphasis on Brotherhood from the Order of the Golden and Rosy
laboratory alchemy. What is not generally Cross.1 There is still debate whether the Order
known, however, is how this work was con- only existed in his imagination or if there ac-
sidered as a preparation for the magical and tually was an organized group, but regardless
theurgical work which they taught in their of that, it had a strong impact on what would
higher degrees, where the nal aim of their happen half a century later.2 The anti-papal
system was to become a prophet in the same tone of the Rosicrucian manifestos had gra-
style as the ones we read about in the Old and dually ceased during the 17th century, and the
New Testament. The intention of this article role of laboratory alchemy had increased, till
is to spread some light on these aspects, while the point where it was now portrayed as the
at the same time give an overview of how the Royal path, and thus added Gold to the Rosy
Order was structured by presenting its system Cross. (The manifestos quite harshly dismissed
as it was being presented for its members. The laboratory alchemy.)
source material is from the old Swedish lodge
of the Gold und Rosenkreuz Order, which con- The initiation from this period was very simple,
tains a wealth of material hitherto unpublis- and took place at night in a church. The can-
hed, and now in the custody of the Sodalitas didate had been prepared for three months by
Rosae+Crucis & Solis Alati. his sponsor, and met his initiator for the rst
time at the church altar. The initiation con-
Samuel Richters Order sisted of three parts; a) ceremonial activities
The rst mention of the Gold und Rosenkreuz (like the cutting of hair, which was kept by the
Order is from the beginning of the 18th cen- Superior of the Order, and blood-letting), b)
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the oath, and c) a prayer. Afterwards, the new on this side of the abyss, and with the aid of
member received, under strict regulations, a Jesus Christ ght against the devil and dar-
portion of the Philosophers Stone. In sum- kness while building the Kingdom of Light,
mary, it was very far from the later Masonic so that everything nally will be able to reinte-
styled rituals and elaborate Order structure, grate back to its original condition. The means
but its statutes set a new standard for the time to do so was to teach the members in the arts
to come. However, any claim that there exis- of alchemy, magic and prophecy, through an
ted a link between this elaborate degree
Order and the one es- system. What is
tablished some 50 years important to un-
later, apart from the pu- derstand here is
blished book, is present- that the Order
ly very unlikely, although was very inuen-
certainly there were Ro- ced by theosophy,
sicrucian activities going and believed that
on around Europe.3 diseases and death
were a natural re-
The Most Praisewor- sult of original Sin
thy Order of the Gol- and Mans resul-
den Rosy Cross ting Fall. Alchemy
Having been manifested was thus a way of
(or, according to some, removing sin by
revived) in southern healing diseases
Germany probably aro- and prolonging
und 1756-58, it swiftly life, and accom-
spread across Germany, plished perfection
and eventually reached of body, soul and
countries like Poland, spirit. Only then
Sweden and Russia. could the real ma-
During this rst period, Reproduced image is from a handwritten and handcoloured edition gic and theurgy be
of the Geheime Figuren der Rosenkreuzer, aus dem 16ten und worked, which will
members were neither
17ten Jahrhundert from 1785, showing the Mysterium Magnum
required to be masons Studium Universali. (From the archive of Sodalitas Rosae+Crucis be exemplied la-
nor Christians, and the & Solis Alati.) ter on.
Order emphasized their
connection with the old Templar Knights. In Lodge rituals
1767, a general reformation took place, where The initiation rituals were inuenced by the
the grade structure grew from 7 to 9 degrees Masonic blue degree rituals, and very often
with a more biblically oriented focus, and the sought to explain alchemical meanings and
organization was highly developed. It was symbolism hidden therein. In addition, they
then it became a high degree Masonic system, each had what we can call a purifying aspect.
and in even greater terms promised secret Each degree had a special lodge room with se-
teachings to an elite, and so to speak became veral sections (coloured according to alchemi-
a religious substitute. It has quite aptly been cal stages), and during an initiation, a brother
described as theosophical masonry. Ten years might have to visit several rooms in order to
later, in 1777, another general reformation receive certain objects or instructions, which
occurred, and most existing material today is were then brought to the room of the grade
from that period. he was being received into, all done in cere-
monial manner with questions, passwords and
The purpose of the Order was to regenerate signs. The following description of the rooms
man back to his original dignity (a reborn in and their contents is from the initiation ritual
the Biblical sense), restore the image of God of the Philosophus grade.
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Reproduced image is from the secret instructions of the Gold und Rosenkreuz Order, which explains how the Royal
path of Alchemy opens up the seven seals. (From the archive of Sodalitas Rosae+Crucis & Solis Alati.)

The rst room has a green table and three green chairs. ash wand inscribed with a golden Alpha
On the table lays a bare sword, a red string, a cup and Omega on each end. With this, he also
with wine, and some bread. In the middle is a candle. touched the candidates on certain parts during
The chamber is guarded by merely one Junior. the initiations.
The second room has a table covered with several co-
lours and four chairs coloured in the same way. On the Apart from initiations and instruction ceremo-
table are 2 candles, 2 strings, one white and one red, nies, where discourses on Freemasonry, alche-
2 bare swords, one cast pot containing rose water, one my, theosophy and Christian Kabbalah were
hand-basin and one serviette. The room is guarded by delivered, they had a strong incline for table
two Theoretici. meal lodges, where the most important object
The third room has ve chairs and a table covered in was the salt-cellar in the middle of the table,
grey, on which are three candles, three cords, one red, surrounded by three candles. The catechism
one white and one black, and three swords. It is guar- of the grade was always recited during such
ded by three Practici brothers. meetings, where no more than three dishes
The fourth room has a table covered in black, on were allowed to be served.4
which must be four candles, four swords, the Book
of Constitutions, a globe, an incense burner, a box To be received into the Order, the candidate
with incense, prepared of storax, frankincense, gum had to be 30 years old, a true master of the
tree and myrrh, a salt-cellar in either gold, silver or Light and the lost Word (i.e. Master Mason),
glass. Six chairs covered in black are placed around and possessing the visible signs thereof, viz.
the table. Twelve candles shine on the walls. The brot- honour, common sense, peacefulness, and
hers are dressed in black, carrying their Order regalia, desire and appreciation for knowledge. On his
aprons and swords. entrance into the Order, his name was kab-
balized by the Director or the Master. This
The Director of the Lodge ruled by the po- could either be a kabbalistic modication of
wer of the Staff of Aaron, a green and red his mundane name, or a few words motto.
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Grade Structure Man and his body


1 Juniorus The body of man is not very different from matter
This was a strictly theoretical degree, where and the more perfect animal bodies, just more beautiful
one learnt about the origin of the Fraterni- in form and provided with tools, tting for its secret
ty (which was founded by no other than the condition.
biblical Adam), and that the three degrees of
Freemasonry were established as a prelimina- The Soul
ry school for the higher sciences. Alchemical Just like the animals, he owns a sensual Soul, to rule
interpretations of the three Masonic degrees the body and to form images of the things comprehen-
were given, as well as a general doctrine con- ded through the Senses; this force of imagination, ho-
cerning the four elements. The four alchemi- wever, is stronger in Man than in the animals, since he
cal stages of nigredo, albedo, citrinitas, and is also capable of scattering the comprehended Images,
rubedo, found on the tracing board, were de- and of this, combine and form new ones.
scribed as:

- First, the Black Colour, in Putrefactio


or Decay
- Second, the White, in Albatio or Puri
cation
- Third, the Yellow, in Gradatio, or Ele
vation
- Fourth, the Red, in the perfection of
the Supreme Secret

The Juniorus had to learn several pages of


alchemical symbols and their meanings, since
Reproduced image is from the reception formula of the fourth
each sign had a specic kabbalistic meaning grade of the Gold und Rosenkreuz Order. (From the archive of
which would be put to use in the fourth grade, Sodalitas Rosae+Crucis & Solis Alati.)
as well as the mandatory cipher. (Each grade
had its specic cipher). The Spirit
But foremost, Man is given a living Spirit, blown into
2 Theoretici the nostrils, and a reasonable Spirit, free and pure
Also a strictly theoretical degree, which car- from all matter and its Elements. This is a Mirror,
ried the motto of through observing nature, in which the most remote things are being portrayed
we come to know God and ourselves. An al- as being present, and where the past can be retrieved.
chemical interpretation of Genesis was given, But even this spiritual and simple being can not alone
as well as a general doctrine of creation and judge, assume and discard the concepts received by the
all of its inhabitants, and the relation between senses, but also through its contemplation investigate
the macro- and microcosm. The following Spiritual, and for the senses incomprehensible Things.
excerpt is from that doctrine, which briey Skill in this is Shrewdness. His will decides according
explains mans threefold nature and composi- to what is acknowledged by his intelligence, as good or
tion. evil. In addition, God has got the Conscience as an
inner witness and judge, whereby man is conscious of
Man, whose body is from the lower Elements, whose that knowledge and actions. Woe unto him who does
Soul is from the Middle Heaven, and whose Spirit not listen to its voice.
originates from God, assumes in this way the higher,
the lower and the middle, and is an interference from The Creators intention with this composition is that
the Visible and Invisible World and its many forces; the body shall be governed by the Soul, but this shall
however, his natural institution and order is ruined again be governed by the reasonable Spirit. If the
since Sin and its subsequent curse, and all his three Soul is captivated by sensuality, and the Spirit sub-
parts are subjected to many diseases. mits itself to that reign, then this order is converted
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and the living dead man loses all his power for higher The alchemical receipts of How to, in the
knowledge. If, however, the Spirit unites itself with the Wet Way, prepare the Mineral, Vegetable, Ani-
most essential love of God through rebirth, then it can mal and Universal Lapis followed. However,
easily, through the aid of God, release itself from all also 7 operations in the Dry Way were given
earthly Images, and the thereby awakened cravings. It and worked with in this degree.5 Wellings mas-
will then be elevated through the Merciful Sun Rays terpiece Opus Mago-Cabbalisticum et Theosophicum
of Christ and made into the holy Spiritual Temple, was mandatory reading from here on.
which allows it to feel and taste the power of the co-
ming World waiting therein. 4 Philosophi
This grade was a continuation of laboratory
The Carnal Soul and its animal and lower forces grie- alchemy, where one learnt about the true ima-
ve and become idle when the reasonable Spirit elevates ge of the philosophical, animal, mineral and
itself to God and submits before his majestic Throne, vegetable Kingdoms. The alchemical recipes
to receive the Divine Light. included Preparation of Radical Menstrua,
Preparation of the Lapis Mineralis according
The Golden Chain of Homer and the works of to the Wet Way, Calcinatio and Putrefac-
Arnaldus de Villa Nova were studied, and also tio of Gold, Resolutio and Coagulatio of
present during the initiation. Gold and How to construct an ever burning
candle (!). Biblical references were made to
3 Practici show the importance of the numbers 4 and
To be advanced into the third degree, the can- 40, which were considered to have had a great
didate had to correctly understand the Three signicance in the alchemical work, and which
Kingdoms of Nature with its Principals; the the operations in the higher degrees utilized.
Concordant of the Philosophers, as well as
their ways of Manipulations, Ovens and Ves- 5 Minores
sels. Here one encountered Christian Kabbalah,
which was, however, mostly studied in rela-
Here real laboratory alchemy began, where tion to alchemy.6 The alchemical operations
one had to learn about the conditions of a la- (10 in total) centered on the mysteries of the
boratory, the necessary preparations to Philo- philosophical Sun and Earth, how to prepare
sophical Work, and how to prepare the Radical Vitriol for the mineral work, and work with
and Universal Menstrua of each of the three healing tinctures. From this grade and on-
Kingdoms. After one had prepared those, the wards, members no longer worked together
instructions said: with members of lower grades in alchemical
operations, apart from when they instructed
Here one has the 4 principal menstrual together, where them. An important book for this grade was
each and one of those have in themselves their Three Knorr von Rosenroths Kabbala Denudata.
radical Principles opened, whence, by and through the
Lapis Mineralis, Vegetabilis, Animalis and Uni- 6 Majores
versalis can be prepared in the Wet Way. And even The alchemical work focused on different
though these four waters are externally very different, preparations of philosophical Salt and how to
they are nevertheless internally monotonous, and every coagulate the Stone from phlegm. Since one
Brother shall know, that in each such C, the 4 Ele- was taught how to use ones own stomach as
ments are in their Concordance, in which are C, B, the Athanor, certain food restrictions etc. also
D and E, but as 3, Spiritus, Corpus and Anima: came in this degree. The Dry Way was further
G, F et H, also Alcale, Aridum et Volatile, and these elaborated upon, in which one had to cons-
are also 2, as Man and Woman, Agens and Patiens, truct the Mineral Stone. An important study
et , which brings forth, nourishes, destroys and was the Schlssel der Wahren Weisheit and Der
again brings forth everything. Compass der Weisen.

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7 Adepti Exempti are too impure to show themselves before God; but our
The alchemical work focused on the morning magic is the true divine magic, a power, through which
dew, how to prepare the Red Lion by working we, just as Moses and Elias, are in personal contact
with ones own blood, as well as the making with God, and by which we can transmit our mutual
of the Stones for all four kingdoms and the messages through the spirits that have been puried by
much renowned Philosophers Stone. In compa- God and who live in God. We are in possession of the
rison with the earlier alchemical receipts, the two main qualities of Jehovah, viz. to create and an-
preparation of the Philosophers Stone did not nihilate all things in nature. Just as Moses, we are able
require as much material, although the process to transmute water into blood; just as Joshua, we can
took several months and had to be prepared utilize sound to transform cities into dust.
alone. The operation was based on the Splen-
dor Solis treatise, and summarized in a Swedish Schemhamphoras
version of the Arcana Arcanorum. Thus the The Schemhamphoras system the Order
Aureum Vellus became an im- worked with is based on
portant study. Magic (magia the book Semiphoras and
naturalis) was here encounte- Schemhamphoras, publis-
red and worked with for the hed in 1686. It is a treati-
rst time. se of Solomonic Magic,
where one learns how to
8 Magistri contact and communi-
The magical work was further cate with the Divine and
elaborated, where one studied its agents in the same
and worked with the Opus manner as Moses and
Astrale Universalissimum in Solomon did. Members
short, how the Universal Spi- were assigned a personal
rit inuenced the Earth from angel, with which they
the Sun, the Moon and the were to establish con-
visible planets, and how this tact. Such operations re-
was reected inside man in quired a specic magical
uxes and reuxes. In sum- circle traced on the oor,
mary, the work consisted of according to the nature
Solomonic styled magic. The of ones personal angel
alchemical work focused on or the angel one wanted
the Elixir of Life. Reproduced image depicts a reception into the to question/give instruc-
fth degree of the Gold und Rosenkreuz Or- tions to (the 10 different
9 Magi der. (Published by Beyer, from a copy in the circles related to the 10
The Crown of the system archive of Sodalitas Rosae+Crucis & Solis Sephiroth). Long series
was the Urim & Thumin, the Alati.) of purications and
Schemhamphoras system and to prayers followed before
work theurgy in what they called Magia Divina. the actual conjuration could take place. The
The true implication of the Stone of the Wise conjuration could be done in three different
was given, as will be shown below. ways, namely 1st if the being was to appear in
dreams, 2nd if the being was to appear when
Regarding the art of magic, the Order taught being awake in the night, and 3rd if the being
that: was to immediately appear in physical form in
Our magic is not any ordinary magic. Our magic is front of the circle.
not the natural, for that is understood by all philo-
sophers. It is not any black art, for that is a work by Overall, the work is quite similar to the ope-
the devil and no devil can stare into the eyes of one rations of the French Elus Cohen system of
of our mages. It is not so-called white magic, which Martinez de Pasqually, albeit a bit more easy
actions happens through so-called good spirit, who yet to grasp.

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Magia Divina when it comes to Jewish morality and customs,


In the 9th degree, members were given a ma- which in some cases are rewritten in a more
nuscript called Magia Divina, which is today Christian tone. And, surprise or no surprise,
widely known as the Abramelin operation.7 This all magical squares are different; they usually
describes a 6 month long theurgical work have the same headings and descriptions, but
which aims at reaching contact and conversa- apart from a few occasions, bear no similarity
tion with ones Holy Guardian Angel. After to the published works. Added are also some
this contact has been established, one evokes very beautiful and detailed drawings of the
a legion of demonic spirits which all have to sanctuary, its altar and the ritual dress to wear.
submit themselves to the will of the magici-
an, who acts in the service of God the most Urim & Thumin
high. The most supreme secret was the most fabled
Urim & Thumin8, which was described as the
Having been originally composed by a Jew na- knowledge of the triune supernatural Light,
med Abraham von Worms, the rst chapter through which one could investigate the ori-
describes how he was taught the system by his gin, past, present and future of all that is. This
work was in fact a combination of alchemy
and magic, which produced a skrying stone,
consecrated to the seven Great Watchers.

To construct the Urim & Thumin, one had to


purify each of the seven metals on their spe-
cic day and hour, and mix them with certain
ingredients. The following new moon, the se-
ven metals were merged and cast into a special
form, upon which were inscribed certain ma-
gical characters, again according to the plane-
tary hours. Then, on the following Friday, two
large and ve smaller crystals were ground,
and enclosed with gold. As the Sun next ente-
red Leo, one placed the four Stones in the Fire
and made the Stone of the Wise which ever
glows. This was placed in the larger crystal;

In the middle of the great Crystal, one places the four-


fould Lapis Philosophorum; on each of the four sides,
one places the four simple Stones, viz. the Animal,
Vegetable, Mineral and Astral Stones. In the small
oval above is the Sacred Fire of the Lord, with which
the Children of Israel ignited the Sacrice.
Reproduced image is from the secret instructions of the sixth grade
of the Gold und Rosenkreuz Order. (From the archive of Soda-
litas Rosae+Crucis & Solis Alati.) To use it, one needed a clean and isolated
chamber (where no one had eaten or drunk),
master Abramelin, hence its name. In the Gold in which seven chairs were placed around a
und Rosenkreuz Order, however, being a Chris- central table. Each one of the chairs was to be
tian Order, that chapter was removed, and the marked with the characters of its planet. The
document thus only contained the two chap- Urim was then taken out from its case to be pla-
ters with instructions and magical squares. ced on the table, next to two burning candles.
Also, several of the moral implications that Meditations, incense, prayers and psalms follo-
one nds in the published versions are com- wed, after which the seven oldest members sat
pletely absent from the instructions, especially down on the chairs. If more than seven mem-
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bers were present, the remaining ones had to ordained priest, wherefore it was more of an
stand behind the chairs and just observe the inner church.
ceremony. The seven elders then meditated in
silence, and looked at the Thumin. They would The litany used in the ordinations comes from
then see, in great humility, what they desired the Swedish (protestant) church handbook
to see, know or understand whether it in- of 1693, but its profession of faith is unique
volved the macrocosm or microcosm, angels, and is probably inspired by the French Lglise
living or dead people, situations in the past, Constitutionelle. A western dialect of Aramaic is
present or future which resulted in a glo- used in the ordinations, the same dialect which
wing light between their faces and the Thumin. is also used in the Syrian Patriarchal Churches
During and after the ceremony, they were only of Antioch. The various and beautifully en-
allowed to discuss the experience if it related graved church implements (from chalice and
to the Order and its members.9 The ceremony paten to Bishop and Patriarch wands) were
ended with prayers, replacement of the Urim something that each member had to construct
and Thumin, and extinguishing of the candles, themselves.
after which everyone left the chamber.
Despite the name of the system, it is generally
In summary, the 9th degree was about beco- speaking more in the avour of Swedenborg
ming a true mage and prophet, which, howe- than of the Rosicrucian tradition, albeit the
ver, required physical and moral regeneration, theosophical aspect is the major inuence.
accomplished through alchemy and magic.
Perhaps due to the advanced alchemical work Cagliostro and the Arcana Arcanorm
required in the construction, another way also As can be seen from the above, there exists a
existed great similarity between the Gold und Rosenkreuz
system and the Arcana Arcanorum of Caglios-
A Rosicrucian church tro.10 They both worked to achieve moral and
In Sweden there existed a secret Rosicrucian physical regeneration through alchemy and
church called the Theosophia Apostolica Ros magic, where the number 40 was of extreme
Cruc. This Rosicrucian theosophical system importance. The operations concerned the
was opened to a few elect high degree mem- esoteric concepts whereby one sought reinte-
bers of the Gold und Rosenkreuz Order, and gration through 4 (Kingdoms and elements), 1
consisted of three ordinations priest, bis- (Holy Guardian Angel), and 7 (planetary ang-
hop and patriarch which also were called the els). And there is in fact a direct connection
true initiation. I have, as yet, not found any between the two, since, according to the histo-
trace of this outside of Sweden, and there is rical scholar Karl Frick, Cagliostro is rumour-
a good possibility that the system only exis- ed to have established a Rosenkreuz chapter
ted there and was created by people adherent with the same name as that of the Swedish
to the ideas of the Swedish mystic Emanuel chapter.11 Rosicrucian scholar Susanna ker-
Swedenborg (1688-1772). man has also been able to conrm that Cag-
liostro did visit Sweden12, and I have since
The purpose of the three ordinations was to then found letters from Cagliostro where he
bring the candidate into conscious and regu- expounds upon certain alchemical operations,
lar contact with his Holy Guardian Angel and sent to members of the Swedish lodge.
align himself with the specic angel of the
tradition, and thus to become a true prophet, Summary
seeing and knowing the ways of the Lord. For So with all this, we can see how the Order
this reason, various magical seals were used sought to promote laboratory alchemy as a
which the candidate worked with on a daily preparation for the true divine magic, and with
basis for several years. The candidate was not, these two, members could become prophets.
however, expected to perform masses for oth- And for several years, this was a great suc-
er people unless he already was an ofcially cess throughout Europe. However, nothing
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lasts forever, and instead of the mandatory aus dem Orden des Gulden und Rosen Kreutzes.
10 year reformation (which should have hap- Breslau, 1710.
pened in 1787), the Order slowly faded out, kerman, Susanna. Rose cross over the Baltic. Lei-
due to inner conicts, alchemical experiments den, 1998.
with fatal outcomes; Unknown Superiors that
never came with even more secret teachings, Footnotes
and outer conicts with the Asiatic Brethren, 1 Die wahrhafte und volkommene Bereitung
the Illuminati and the enlightenment scene des philosophischen Steins der Brderschafft
as a whole. In the end of the 18th century, aus dem Orden des Gulden und Rosen Kreutzes
the term Rosicrucian became a substitute for (1710).
charlatan, imposer or just general ignorance. 2 Richter states in the foreword that he had been
However, its teachings and doctrine have con- given the document from a Professor of the
tinued to inuence and inspire groups and Art, and that only 9 Rosicrucians existed at that
individuals, whether these know about their time.
3 A Rosicrucian circle was for example being
source or not. Thus, Orders like the Order of
operated in Sweden, which used the initiation
the Knights and Brethren of St. John the Evangelist
ritual of Richter. According to their documents,
from Asia in Europe (Asiatic Brethren), the So-
the members had now increased to 12. Thus,
cietas Rosicruciana in Anglia (S.R.I.A.), the Gol- they did either not consider the Gold und Ro-
den Dawn and Rosae Rubeae & Aureae Crucis senkreuz Order as legitimate Rosicrucians, or
(G.D., R.R.&A.C.), and most recently Sodalitas they were unaware of their presence.
Rosae+Crucis & Solis Alati (S.R.C.&S.S.A) all 4 As a German Order, they had regulations for
in different ways were established to continue more or less everything
and perpetuate the legacy of the old Gold und 5 Preparation of Argentum Vivum, Prepa-
Rosenkreuz Order. And an impressive legacy ration of Regulus, Preparation of Aviculuis,
that is which hopefully has been shown by Animation of Argentum Vivum through Avicu-
this article. lius, Aaation, Imhibition and Multiplicatio.
6 The Gold und Rosenkreuz wasnt very much
(A much more in-depth study of the Order and its occupied with the study of Kabbalah, somet-
doctrines will be published by Ian hing which its offspring and later rival, the Asia-
Cowburn, Nick Farrell and Tommy Westlund.) tic Brethren, had as prime focus.
7 English translations have been published by
Mathers, The Book of the Sacred Magic of Ab-
G.H. Frater A.V.I.A.F. raMelin the Mage (2004) and most recently by
Dehn, The Book of Abramelin: A New Transla-
tion (2006).
References 8 In the Old Testament, it is described how the
Beyer, Bernhard. Das Lehrsystem des Ordens der High Priest carried a breast plate containing the
two stones of Urim and Thumin, through which
Gold- und Rosenkreuzer. Leipzig, Berlin, 1925.
the Will of God was made known.
Dehn, Georg & Guth, Steven. The Book of Ab-
9 The instructions says that the chiefs of the Or-
ramelin. Lake Worth, Florida, 2006.
der used this method to control that the mem-
Frick, Karl R. H. Die Erleuchteten. Graz, 1973.
bers lived a good and God-fearing life, and no
Frick, Karl R. H. Licht und Finsternis II. Graz, reception into the higher grades could take pla-
1978. ce until the member in question had thus been
Laboure, Denis. De Cagliostro aux Arcana Ar- approved of.
canorum. 1995. 10 See for example Denis Laboures De Caglios-
McIntosh, Christopher. The Rose Cross and the tro aux Arcana Arcanorum (1995).
Age of Reason. Leiden, 1992. 11 See Fricks Licht und Finsternis II (1978).
McIntosh, Christopher. The Rosicrucians. York 12 Personal communication with the author
Beach, Maine, 1998. (2003). kerman had found several letters in
Renatus, Sincerus. Die wahrhafte und volkommene Swedish archives that showed that Cagliostro
Bereitung des philosophischen Steins der Brderschafft had been here, with his usual grandiose style.

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2007 GH Fr A.V.I.A.F. - SRC&SSA