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, 1927

Bauer


Futura
10,75/13

Fundicin Tipogrfica
Bauer
:
,

19952006



Futura . -
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1924 Imprimatur (Sigfried Buchenau)
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[6].

1930
124 . .

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1928
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1927
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1927


125

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1927


Bauer, 1927

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1927


127






1927

128 . .

Futura mager
, 1930
Bauer

Futura halbfett
, 1928
Bauer

Futura dreiviertelfett
, 1930
Bauer
()
1927


129

Futura fett
, 1928
Bauer

Futura schmalfett
, 1930
Bauer

Futura Schlagzeile (Display)


, 1932
Bauer

Futura licht
Bauer, 1982

Futura Black
, 1929
Bauer
130 . .




, 1927

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1927


131

Erbar Grotesk.
, 1922

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Buchfutura, .
20- 30-
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30- -
. Ludwig & Mayer Erbar Grotresk (192230)
[7], Klingspor Kabel (192729) [8]. -
. -
Baltimore Type Airport Gothic. -
Intertype 1930 2 Vogue, ,
. Mergenthaler Linotype -
[9], Metro (192930) :
MetroLite, MetroMedium MetroBlack. [10] Ludlow -
Tempo (193054). Mergenthaler Linotype American Type Founders/
ATF Spartan (193955),
. Lanston Monotype [11]
, Twentieth Century (193747).
. -
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, -
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Metro .
132 . .

Kabel Light
, 192729
Klingspor
()
1927


133

Metro 1940 56 -
3 [12]. 15%
, 192930
Mergenthaler Linotype ;
.
Kabel Medium, Bold, Heavy ( -
), -

, 192729 .
Klingspor , .

MetroBlack . ,
.

, 192930 ,
Mergenthaler Linotype .
.
134 . .


Futura Light
72 pt
, 1927
:
, 1995



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1927


135


Futura ExtraBold
72 pt
, 1927
:
, 1995



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136 . .


Futura Light

1234 567890
42 pt
, 1927
:
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Futura Light
18 pt

, 1927
1234 567890
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1927


137



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Futura ExtraBold
42 pt
, 1927
:
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, 1927
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123 4 5 6789 0
ITC Avant Garde Gothic
42 pt
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1970


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1993




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ITC Bauhaus
42 pt
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1975


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1994




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42 pt
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1927


139

Avant Garde Gothic Medium , ;


, 1970 , , g
Lubalin, Burns & Co
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Spartan Medium . ,
Mergenthaler Linotype ATF, , . -
193955
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Twentieth Century . ,
, 193747 , ,
Lanston Monotype
.
, 60- -
, ,
Helvetica Univers. . -
, ITC Avant Garde Gothic (1970) [13] [14],
Avenir (1988) [15], WTC Our Futura , Avenir Next (2004) -
[16]. ITC , -
. . -
,
, . , ,
ITC -
.
, , Futura Maxi . -
. . -
.
-
Fundicin Tipogrfica Bauer SL ( Fundicin Tipogrfica
Neufville) .
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140 . .


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1927


141



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142 . .

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Futura: Regular, Oblique, Demi,


Demi Oblique
, 1927
:
, 1995




()
1927


143


Autopan

1980

Autopan

. [17] Architype
Renner, 1993 The Foundry
, .
. 70-
- . -
1980 , , Autopan,
Letterfot .
.
80- , -
, .
: Fortuna, Fatum, Favorit, Frusta, FutMee, Futuris,
GlasnostFWF, Model . , , -
. 1995
Neufville -
8 NV ( ).
,
22 . ,
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FuturaEugenia, -
1987 Futura Black.
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), BUCHFUTURA,
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148 . .

[1] (Herbert Bayer, 19001985). [7] (Jakob Erbar,18781935).


, , ,
. (Friz Helmuth Ehmcke, 18781965).
Bauhaus. . Feder
( ), 1938 Grotesk, Erbar Grotesk, Lucina, Lumina, Lux,
, Phosphor, Koloss, Candida.
,
[8] (Rudolf Koch, 18761934).
. ,
Universal, Bayer Type. , .

[2] (Jan Tschichold, 19021974). . Maximilian
, Antiqua, Wilhelm-Klingspor-Schrift,
, . KochAntiqua/Locarno, Neuland, Jessen,
, Wallau, Kabel, Offenbach, Zeppelin, Marathon,
Die Neue Prisma .
Typographie ( , 1928).
( ), [9] (William Addison Dwiggins
1933 , 18801956).
, ,
Penguin Books. Transito, Saskia, .
Zeus, Sabon. (Frederic Goudy, 19651947).
Mergenthaler Linotype. Metro,
[3] (Josef Albers, 18881976). Electra, Caledonia, Eldorado, Falcon .
, ,
. , [10] (Robert Hunter
1933 , Middleton, 18981985).
. , Ludlow
. 1929 1971. Eusebius,
. Record Gothic, Stellar, Tempo, Karnak, Lafayette,
Mandate, Umbra, Coronet, Stencil, Radiant,
[4] (Edward Benguiat, . 1927). Florentine Cursive .
, ,
- International Typeface [11] (Sol Hess, 18861953).
Corporation/ITC. Photo- , Lanston
Lettering ITC. 500, Monotype 1902 50 .
ITC Souvenir, ITC Korinna Style, Hess Bold, Hess Old Style,
(. ), ITCTiffany, SansSerif, Stymie, Twentieth Century, Spire,
ITCBauhaus (. ), Artscript .
ITCBookman, ITC Benguiat, ITC Benguiat Gothic, [12] (19061994).
ITC Barcelona, ITC Caslon 224, ITC Edwardian ,
Script . .
[5] (Victor Caruso, . 1919). ()
.
. Photo-
Lettering ITC. ITC (,
Korinna (. ), ITC , ,
Bauhaus (. ), ITC ).
Clearface, ITCFranklin Gothic, Friz Quadrata, .
PLFuturaMaxi. [13] (Herbert Lubalin, 19181981).
[6] (Paul Renner, 18781956).
, , ITC,
, . Eros, Avant Garde,
. U&lc. ITC AvantGarde Gothic
20- (. ), ITC Lubalin Graph
. (. Tony DiSpigna
Meisterschule fr Deutschlands Buchdrucher Joe Sundwall), ITC Serif Gothic
( ), (. ).
, [14] (Thomas Carnase, . 1939).
.
World Typeface
(Georg Trump). 1933 Center. ITC AvantGarde Gothic
(. ), ITC Gorilla,
, ITCHonda, ITC Machine, ITC/LSC Manhattan,
, WTC Carnase Text, WTC Goudy, WTCFavrile,
, WTC Our Bodoni (.
. Futura, Plak, Ballada, Massimo Vignelli), LSC Caslon
Renner Antiqua, Futura Black, Steile Futura. No.223, WTC Our Futura .
()
1927


149

[15] (Adrian Frutiger, . 1928). [16] (Akira Kobayashi, . 1960).


, ,
. Linotype.
. ITC Woodland, ITC Silvermoon, FF Clifford, ITC
Deberny & Peignot Linotype. Vineyard, Calcite Pro, Linotype Conrad, Avenir
Ondine, Univers, Egyptienne F, Apollo, Next (. ), Optima
Serifa, OCR-B, Iridium, Frutiger, Breughel, Icone, Nova LT (. Hermann
Versailles, Centennial, Frutiger Stones, Linotype Zapf) .
Univers, Frutiger Next (. )
. [17] .
. ., 2006, . 234.

1. Erbar Grotresk (Ludwig & Mayer, Jakob Erbar, 29. Futura schrg dreiviertelfett
192230)
30. Futura schrg extrafett
2. Kabel (Klingspor, Rudolf Koch, 192729)
31. Futura schrg schmalfett
3. Futura mager (Bauer, Paul Renner,1928)
32. Futura schrg extrafett schmal
4. Futura halbfett (Bauer, Paul Renner,1928)
33. ITC Avant Garde Gothic (ITC, Herbert Lubalin,
5. Futura fett (Bauer, Paul Renner,1928) Thomas Carnase, 197077)
6. Futura schmalhalbfett (Bauer, Paul Renner,1928) 34. Futura extrafett schatiert (1980)
7. Futura Black (Bauer, Paul Renner,1929) 35. Futura fett licht
8. Metro (Mergenthaler Linotype, William Dwiggins, 36. Futura extrafett licht
192930)
37. Futura extrafett schmal licht
9. Futura schrg mager (Bauer, Paul Renner,1930)
38. FuturaEugenia (ParaType, , 1987)
10. Futura schrg halbfett (Bauer, Paul Renner,1930)
39. Avenir (Linotype, Adrian Frutiger, 1988)
11. Futura dreiviertelfett (Bauer, Paul Renner,1930)
40. WTC Our Futura (WTC, Thomas Carnase)
12. Futura schmalfett (Bauer, Paul Renner,1930)
41. PL Futura Maxi (Victor Caruso)
13. Futura extrafett schmal (Bauer, Paul Renner,1930)
42. Architype Renner (The Foundry, David Quay,
14. Vogue (Intertype, Cond Nast, 1930) Freda Sack, 1993)
15. Tempo (Ludlow, R. Hunter Middleton, 193054) 43. Avenir Next (Linotype, Adrian Frutiger,
AkiraKobayashi, 2004)
16. Futura buchschrift (Bauer, Paul Renner,1932)
17. Futura Display (Bauer, Paul Renner,1932)
18. Futura schrg fett (Bauer, Paul Renner,1937)
19. Twentieth Century (Lanston Monotype, Sol Hess,
193747)
20. Futura schrg buchschrift (Bauer, Paul
Renner,1939)
21. Spartan (Mergenthaler LinotypeATF, 193955)
22. (
.,1940 56)
23. Airport Gothic (Baltimore Type, 1943)
24. Futura schmalmager (1950)
25. Steile Futura fett (Neufville, Paul Renner,1953)
26. Futura krftig heavy (1954)
27. Steile Futura schrg fett (Neufville, 1959)
28. Futura extrafett

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