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Assignment 6: APA Style Essay Sample

Chelsea Tiernan 20170554

22/05/2017
Name of Student Student ID

Table of Contents

APA Style Sample..................................................................................3

Overview..............................................................................................3

Discussion............................................................................................3

Examples..............................................................................................4

Format..................................................................................................4

Summary..............................................................................................5

References................................................................................................6
Name of Student Student ID

Weintraub, D. Graduation

Assignment 6: APA Style Essay Sample

Overview

American Psychological Association style is primarily used in the social

science disciplines. It is formatted like Modern Language Association (MLA),

and shows many similarities, but is unique in several key points. This paper

discusses the APA in detail.

Discussion

APA uses parenthetical (or in-text) citations within sentences, but rather

than indicating the author's name and page number, APA includes author's name

and date of publication. The page number, represented with a p. or a pp., is only

added to the citation when using a direct quote (not a summary or paraphrase).

If the author's name is mentioned in the sentence, then place the date of

publication in parentheses directly after the name. If the name is not mentioned

include the author's name and date in parentheses at the end of the source

material. And, if you use a direct quote, place the page number after the

publication date within the parentheses. Addressing plagiarism has become a

major challenge in education (Bretag, 2013) and educating students in


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referencing correctly with the APA 6th is one way of trying to overcome the

problem.

Examples

Note the difference between the following three examples:

Terrence (1999) has presented poignant examples from 150 interviews.

However, it has been pointed out that the research was conducted in a selective,

highly biased, way (Strong & Porter, 1998). All of the interviewees have been

called exceptions to the norm (Strong & Porter, 1998, p. 5).

Note the first example paraphrases an author that is named in the

sentence, the second example paraphrases authors that are not named in the

sentence, and the third example provides a direct quote (thus the inclusion of

the page numbers) but also does not identify the authors within the sentence. If

the authors were identified within the sentence in the third example, the authors'

names would be followed by the year of publication and only the page numbers

would be in the parentheses at the end of the quote.

Format

Finally, the bibliographic page in APA style differs from MLA, what

APA calls the Reference page. You will notice a few immediate differences

from the MLA Works Cited format. With APA you include the initial of the

author's first name rather than the complete name, the publication date

immediately follows the author's name in parentheses, and titles of articles are

not surrounded with quotation marks. The lists are still alphabetized by author's
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last name (or title in the absence of an author) and the first line is flush left

while subsequent lines in the same entry are indented in (approximately 5

spaces or one tab). A good resource to help you with referencing is Notre

Dames referencing guide at http://library.nd.edu.au/referencing/apa#s-lg-box-

3040351. There is also a summary downloadable help document available at:

http://library.nd.edu.au/ld.php?content_id=8053459 In APA Style, you include a

reference list rather than a bibliography with your paper (APA, Bibliography

Versus Reference List, n.d.). A reference list consists of all sources cited in the

text of a paper whereas a bibliography may include resources that were

consulted but not cited in the text as well as an annotated description of each

one.

Summary

The School of Education, University of Notre Dame Australia, uses the

APA 6th referencing style for all written documents. In addition to in text

referencing and the reference list there are a number of formatting requirements

to ensure your essay complies with APA standards. Get to know the APA 6th.
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References

APA. (n.d.) Bibliography versus reference list. Retrieved from

http://www.apastyle.org/learn/quick-guide-on-

references.aspx#Bibliography

Bretag, T. (2013). Challenges in addressing plagiarism in education. PLoS Med,

10(12), e1001574.

Hosny, M., & Fatima, S. (2014). Attitude of Students Towards Cheating and

Plagiarism: University Case Study. Journal of Applied Sciences, 14(8),

748-757. doi:10.3923/jas.2014.748.757

Strong, R. L., Porter, M. (1998). Grammatical combinations. In S. Parker & K.

Gibson (Ed.), Language and literacy (pp. 540-578) Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press.

Terrence, H. S. (1999, November 1). Student success in community colleges.

Oregonian, pp. A6-A7.

Weintraub, D. Graduation [photograph]. Retrieved from

http://quest.eb.com/search/139_1920759/1/139_1920759/cite
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