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First thing we do is analyze for

location words and meaning
Location words are mostly
nouns(proper nouns, dates,
Meaning words are usually
adverbs, verbs or adjectives
In order for the answer to be:
True/Yes there must be an agreement
for the meaning part. There does not
have to be a agreement for every
part of the sentence.
False/No there must be a
If there is neither agreement nor
contradiction or if the info is not there
then its not given.

Summary (Without Words Given)

Look at the instructions for word
limits and possible location.
Summaries are most often the
second or third question type in a
passage, so read the title and first
sentence of the summary and use
your knowledge of the text to
locate the starting point in the
Look at the first gap and identify
the word form. Be specific as
possible if its a noun, what kind
of noun e.g. plural noun, a person,
a job and subject of study.
Then read the surrounding
sentences and words for location
words and context clues.
Location words are the words you
will use to find where the
information is and context clues
and grammar requirement will help
you pick the right word.
Matching Sentence Halves
First thing you should do is to look
at the grammar and context of the
second halves given. Using logic
we eliminate second sentence
halves that cannot be correct.
Once we have eliminated sentence
halves we use the words in the first
half of the sentence to help locate
the area in the text.
Once we find the appropriate area,
choose the best match.

Summary(with words given)

Look at the words in the box and
notice the forms and
structure(verbs, nouns adj)
Go to the first gap and use
grammar and context to eliminate
the choices, this usually leaves
only a few choices
Once the possible choices are
identified locate the right place in
the text using the same process as
the other summary type and
choose the correct answer.
Then read the surrounding
sentences and words for location
words and context clues.
Location words are the words you
will use to find where the
information is and context clues
and grammar requirement will help
you pick the right word.

Short Answer Question

Always come in order in the text
Read the question and decide what
type of answer is required. E.g.
name, effect, cause, species
Identify words in the question to
look for in the text. Choose the
question with the easy scanning
words (proper noun/number) first
and work backwards or forwards
from there.
Find the right place in the text
using your location words(try to
have more than 1)
Choose the right answer based on
the type of answer you identified
How many kilometres from Delhi to
Rajasthan is it?
The same principles as
summary(without words given) and
Sentence Gap Fill.
First thing you do is figure out how
to read it. Do you read it top to
bottom or left to right etc.
Then do grammar analysis, try to
be specific.
When looking for location clues use
all of the information available, not
just the info from the box with the
Once the location is found you
have to make a decision using the
grammar requirements and
Matching Headings
Often the topic is not in the first
Put a line through the example
topic heading.
Then spend about 30 seconds
skimming paragraph.
Look at the headings and quickly
eliminate any that are clearly not
applicable. Spend about 20
seconds at most.
Then look at the focuses of the
possible topics and go back to the
paragraph and look in more detail
and then choose one that seems to
match most closely.
Remember that its the topic so
should focus on the majority of the
Things to look for: repeated phrases
and words, any contrast markers that
change the focus, is the first sentence
referring back to the previous
paragraph and therefore not relevant
to the topic of the paragraph, marker
phrases for cause/effect,
problem/solution, compare/contrast
Matching Information to Paragraph
Many times this question type will
have the same answer for more than
one question, it will say You may use
any letter more than once if this is
the case.
This question is often first in a section
and therefore people like to do the
more detailed questions first and
come back to this question when they
have more knowledge of the text. This
is a personal decision though.
The first way is to skim each
paragraph one by one and at the end
of each paragraph go back to list of
possible answers and choose the best
The second way is to start with the
questions and analyze them for key
elements and then go to the passage
and skim through each paragraph until
those key elements are found.

The key to this question is to
identify where the classifiers
If they are in one place, then the
easiest way to do it is to read
everything that involves that
classifier and then go to the list of
questions and choose which one(s)
are applicable.
If, however, there are classifiers in
more than one or two places then it
is better to just scan for the words
in the questions.
Laos and Thailand are Southeast Asian
countries. The former is smaller than
the latter.
Laos, Vietnam and Thailands
population grew by 5%, 6% and 7%