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Chapter A180. LAKE GEORGE CONSOLIDATED


HEALTH DISTRICT REGULATIONS
A180-1. Scope.
A. Minimum requirements are hereby set forth governing the design, construction, installation, operation and
maintenance of individual, transienttourist accomodationaccommodation, multiple residence, commercial, land
subdivision, townhouse, or condominium, or institutional premises etc., drainage, potable water or sewage disposal
systems, together with procedures relating thereto, in implementation of the Public Health Law and Sanitary Code of
the State of New York. No person shall construct, alter, repair or extend any potable water, drainage or sewage
disposal system contrary to the provisions of these regulations.
A.
B. In the case of an existing wastewater disposal system, drainage or water supply system, etc., which exhibits evidence of
failure or partial failure, as judged by the Zoning Officer or Board, the rehabilitation and/or reconstruction of the
system shall be in compliance with regulations in effect at the time of rehabilitation and/or reconstruction.
B.
Any extension, addition or alteration to any wastewater, drainage or water supply system, etc., shall be in compliance Formatted: List Paragraph, Line spacing:
single, Numbered + Level: 1 + Numbering
with the regulations in effect at the time of extension, addition or alteration to the system. Style: A, B, C, + Start at: 1 + Alignment:
Left + Aligned at: 0.25" + Indent at: 0.5"

C. Formatted: List Paragraph, Line spacing:


single
C. D. In the case of replacement systems, such systems shall be designed, constructed, and operated in compliance
with the regulations in effect at the time of replacement to the maximum extent practical as determined by the Zoning
Officer. The Zoning Officer has the right to refer replacement systems to the Consolidated Board of Health or Town
Designated Engineer for review as hehe/she/she sees fit. All systems shall be approved by the Zoning Officer or Board.
D. Formatted: List Paragraph, Line spacing:
single, Numbered + Level: 1 + Numbering
Style: A, B, C, + Start at: 1 + Alignment:
Left + Aligned at: 0.25" + Indent at: 0.5"

A180-2. Purpose. Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

[Amended 6-8-1994 by L.L. No. 1-1994]


The purposes of these regulations are the elimination of existing pollution and the prevention of new pollution by control over
proposed sewage disposal systems, over the modification of existing sewage disposal systems and over the design of adequate
drainage systems; and further to ensure correct and adequate potable water supply systems and the protection of water
sources.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A180-3. Definitions.
As used in these regulations, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ABSORPTION AREA Formatted: Underline
Refer to definition listed in New York State Department of Healths Wastewater Treatment Standards - Residential Onsite
Systems [10 NYCRR AP 75A
ABSORPTION TRENCH Formatted: Underline
Refer to definition listed in New York State Department of Healths Wastewater Treatment Standards - Residential Onsite
Systems [10 NYCRR AP 75A
APPLICATION RATE Field Code Changed
The rate at which septic tank effluent is applied to a subsurface absorption trench or pit, for design purposes, expressed in
gallons per day/foot squared.Refer to definition listed in New York State Department of Healths Wastewater Treatment
Standards - Residential Onsite Systems [10 NYCRR AP 75A
BAFFLE Field Code Changed
Refer to definition listed in New York State Department of Healths Wastewater Treatment Standards - Residential Onsite
Systems [10 NYCRR AP 75A. A flow-deflecting device used in septic tanks to check or inhibit the velocity of a stream of flow or
the discharge of floating and suspended solids. See the definition of "sanitary tee."
BEDROOM/SLEEPING AREA Formatted: Underline
Means any room within a dwelling unit, finished or unfinished, which may reasonably be expected to serve primarily as a
sleeping area. The term bedroom shall be considered to include any rooms or rooms within an expansion attic.
BOARD Field Code Changed
The Lake George Consolidated Board of Health.
BUILDING Field Code Changed
A structure wholly or partially enclosed with exterior or party walls and a roof, affording shelter to persons, animals or
property.
BUILDING DRAIN Field Code Changed
That part of the lowest piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge of soil, wastes and other drainage pipes inside
the walls of the building and conveys such discharges to the building sewer. The "building drain" extends to three feet outside
the building wall.
BUILDING SEWER Field Code Changed
That part of the drainage system which extends from the end of the building drain and conveys its discharge to an individual
sewage disposal system, public sewer, private sewer or other approved point of disposal.
CENTRALIZED WASTEWATER AND/OR POTABLE WATER SUPPLY FACILITIES Field Code Changed
Facilities serving three or more structures dwelling units, townhouse apartments, or tourist accommodations.. Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
CLEANOUT Field Code Changed
An opening providing access to sewage disposal devices (house sewer, septic tank and distribution box) which allows for the
cleaning or purging of materials and obstructions.
CODE Field Code Changed
The Public Health Law and Sanitary Code of the State of New York.
COMBINED SEWER Field Code Changed
A sewer receiving both surface runoff and sewage.
COMMUNITY SEWERAGE SYSTEM Field Code Changed
Any system, whether publicly or privately owned, serving three or more individual premises for the collection and disposal of
sewage or industrial wastes of a liquid nature, including various devices for the treatment of such sewage or industrial wastes.
DEC Field Code Changed
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.
DEPARTMENT Field Code Changed
The New York State Department of Health.
DISPOSAL FIELD Field Code Changed
That area to which sewage is distributed for infiltration to the soil.
DISTRIBUTION BOX OR DEVICE Field Code Changed
A device used to uniformly distribute sewage to the distribution lines the absorption area..
DISTRICT Field Code Changed
The Lake George Consolidated Health District.[1]
DOMESTIC WASTE Field Code Changed
Normal household waste, including waste from garbage grinders and automatic washing machines.
EMERGENCY REPAIRS Field Code Changed
Repairs designed to prevent or abate an imminent threat to the public health, safety or welfare, caused or about to be caused
by an individual sewage disposal system.
ENFORCEMENT OFFICER Field Code Changed
The person appointed by the Town Board whose duty and authority it is to administer and enforce the provisions of an order,
with assistance from the Lake George Consolidated Board of Health.
EXISTING GRADE Field Code Changed
The natural topography of land prior to construction activity.
FILL SYSTEM Field Code Changed
Any sewage disposal system involving earth fill above natural existing ground level.
FINAL GRADE Field Code Changed
The elevation that ground will have at the conclusion of cutting, filling or other site work.
GARBAGE Field Code Changed
Organic solid wastes from domestic and commercial preparation, cooking or dispensing of food or from the handling, storage
and sale of produce.
GRADE Field Code Changed
The slope of a line of pipe, trench bottom or ground surface in reference to a horizontal surface.
GRAVEL Field Code Changed
A mixture of mineral soil particleArticles whose individual diameters range from one- fourth (1/4) inch to three inches.
GREYWATER Field Code Changed
Commonly known as the effluent from sinks, lavatories, laundry machines, dishwashers, baths or showers, excluding effluent
from toilets, urinals, etc., which discharge sanitary sewage. "Greywater" consists of water, soap, detergents, household
cleaners, etc., but not human or animal wastes.
GROUNDWATER Field Code Changed
Subsurface water occupying a zone of saturated soil.
IMPERVIOUS MATERIAL Field Code Changed
Soils, rock, etc., which do not allow, or allow only with great difficulty, the movement of water through the strata.
INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLD SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM Field Code Changed
Field Code Changed
Any on-site wastewater treatment system serving residential properties, and receiving sewage without the admixture of
Field Code Changed
industrial wastes or other wastes, as defined in Environmental Conservation Law, Section 17-0701, in quantities of less than
Formatted: Hyperlink, Font: (Default) +Body
1,000 gallons per day (gpd). The A complete system shall includeof piping, tanks or other facilities for the on-site collection, (Calibri), Not Bold
treatment and disposal of sewage that is and not connected to a community or public sewerage system. Formatted: Line spacing: Multiple 1.15 li,
INDUSTRIAL WASTE Adjust space between Latin and Asian text,
Adjust space between Asian text and numbers
Liquid waste, other than domestic waste, resulting from the processes employed in industrial and commercial establishments.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
IN EXISTENCE
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0", First line: 0"
With respect to individual sewage disposal systems, that such structure has been substantially commenced or completed.
Field Code Changed
INTERMEDIATE SIZED SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM
Field Code Changed
Any on-site wastewater treatment system serving a multiple residence, tourist accommodation, subdivision of more than 10
Formatted: Hyperlink, Font: (Default) +Body
units, commercial or institutional premise, and receiving sewage without the admixture of industrial wastes or other wastes, as (Calibri), Not Bold
defined in Environmental Conservation Law, Section 17-0701, in quantities greater than 1,000 gallons per day (gpd).
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0", First line: 0",
INVERT Line spacing: Multiple 1.15 li, Adjust space
Refer to definition listed in New York State Department of Healths Wastewater Treatment Standards - Residential Onsite between Latin and Asian text, Adjust space
between Asian text and numbers
Systems [10 NYCRR AP 75A The bottommost point of an open conduit or the bottommost point on the inside of a closed
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
conduit.
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0", First line: 0"
LEACHING FACILITY Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Any structure that is designed to distribute sewage into the soil. Formatted: Hyperlink, Font: (Default) +Body
MULTIPLE RESIDENCE (Calibri), Not Bold
A residential building housing three or more families, or more than ten people, computed on the basis of twenty-four hour per Formatted: Indent: Left: 0", First line: 0",
Line spacing: Multiple 1.15 li, Adjust space
day occupancy.Refer to definination of Multiple-Family Dwelling in Chapter 175 of Town Code. between Latin and Asian text, Adjust space
PARK between Asian text and numbers
The Lake George Park. Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
PERCOLATION Formatted: Indent: Left: 0"
Refer to definition listed in New York State Department of Healths Wastewater Treatment Standards - Residential Onsite Field Code Changed
Systems [10 NYCRR AP 75A
The movement of water downward through the pores of a soil or other porous medium following infiltration through the soil
surface.
PERCOLATION TEST Field Code Changed
A standard procedure for testing soil permeability to determine the sewage application rate.
PERSON Field Code Changed
Any individual, partnership, company, public or private corporation, association, firm, organization political subdivision,
governmental agency, municipality, trust, estate, group of individuals or any other legal entity, except the State of New York.A
natural person, a firm, Aany institution, public or private corporation, individual, partnership or other entity over which the
Town of Lake George has jurisdiction.
POTABLE WATER Field Code Changed
Water conforming to applicable standards of bacteriological and chemical quality of the Department; sufficiently free of
impurities so as not to cause disease or harmful physiological effect.
PRIVY Field Code Changed
A building fixed to a vault or pit, equipped with seating to allow for excretion of body waste.
SANITARY PLUMBING SYSTEM Formatted: Hyperlink, Font: (Default) +Body
(Calibri), Not Bold
All pipes, fittings, fixtures, appliances, and other components used to collect and convey sanitary wastewater from a building or
facility. Formatted: Indent: Left: 0", First line: 0",
Line spacing: Multiple 1.15 li, Adjust space
between Latin and Asian text, Adjust space
between Asian text and numbers

SANITARY TEE Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)


Formatted: Indent: Left: 0"
Pipe fitting used in septic tanks to reduce flow velocities so as to increase solids settling in the tank and prevent carry-over of
Field Code Changed
solids.
SEEPAGE PIT Field Code Changed
A covered pit with open-jointed lining through which septic tank effluent may seep or leach into surrounding ground.
SEPTIC TANK Field Code Changed
A watertight receptacle which receives any discharge, exclusive of industrial wastes, from the sanitary drainage system of a
building or facility. The tank is designed to provide sufficient detention time to segregate and digest solid organic matter and
discharge the settled liquid for eventual dissipation into surrounding soils by means of a seepage pit or a system of open-joint
or perforated piping.
SEWAGE Field Code Changed
Refer to definition listed in New York State Department of Healths Wastewater Treatment Standards - Residential Onsite
Systems [10 NYCRR AP 75A.The combination of human and household wastes with water which is discharged to the home
plumbing system; the waste from a flush toilet, bath, sink, lavatory, dishwashing or laundry machine or the water-carried waste
from any other fixture or equipment or machine.
SUBSURFACE ABSORPTION SYSTEM Field Code Changed
Any system constructed below the surface of the ground, employed to dissipate sewage effluent.
SURFACE WATER BODY Field Code Changed
Any lake, pond, river, stream, intermittent stream or wetland.
TEMPORARY RESIDENCE Field Code Changed
Field Code Changed
See Section 7.1(a) of the New York State Sanitary Code.
Formatted: Hyperlink, Font: (Default) +Body
TOILET WASTES (Calibri), Not Bold, Font color: Auto
Human excretion and toilet flushing fluid. Formatted: Indent: Left: 0", First line: 0",
TOURIST ACCOMODATIONS Right: 0", Line spacing: Multiple 1.15 li,
Widow/Orphan control, Adjust space between
Latin and Asian text, Adjust space between
Asian text and numbers
Any hotel, motel, cabin colony, building, camping unit, or other structure, that is maintained primarily for overnight occupancy Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
for a duration of less than seven (7) calendar days, by persons who are provided at least some part or portion of the use of the
facilities. For the purpose of this ordinance, Tourist accommodation shall be considered equivalent to a Transient residence.
TOWN Field Code Changed
The Town of Lake George.
VILLAGE Field Code Changed
The Village of Lake George.
WATERCOURSE Field Code Changed
Refer to definition listed in New York State Department of Healths Wastewater Treatment Standards - Residential Onsite
Systems [10 NYCRR AP 75A .
A channel fed from permanent or natural sources, including rivers, creeks, runs and rivulets. There must be a channel, usually
flowing in a particular direction (though it need not flow continuously) and usually discharging into some other channel or body
of water.
ZONING OFFICER Formatted: Underline
The person appointed by the Town Board whose duty and authority it is to administer and enforce the provisions of an order, Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
with assistance from the Lake George Consolidated Board of Health. Formatted: Indent: Left: 0"

Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A180-4. Application for permits; specifications.


A. Application for a permit to construct, alter, repair or extend an individual sewage disposal system shall be made only
by the owner or lessee of the lot, who shall submit to the Town ClerkZoning Officer such of the following information
as may be necessary to determine whether the construction, alteration, repair or extension will conform to the
provisions of these regulations:
1) The name and address of the applicant.
2) The specific location of the property on which the construction, alteration, repair or extension is proposed,
including delineation of property lines and location of wells.
3) A complete plan of any existing facility and plan of the proposed disposal facility with substantiating data
attesting its compliance with the minimum standards of the District.
4) Detailed information, on forms furnished by the Planning and Zoning Office, Town Clerk, showing the
absorptive qualities of the soil involved and a conclusion as to the suitability of such soil for the proposed use
thereof. This requirement may be waived if the District has sufficient information to make such determination.
The BoardDistrict may require that authorized personnel of the District, Ttown or vVillage be present during
the performance of tests designed to show the absorptive qualities of the soil. A sample of the form to be
utilized showing the absorption qualities of the soil (percolation test data) is attached to these regulations as
Appendix I. Field Code Changed
5) Pertinent groundwater and geological data as the Zoning Officer or District Board may require.
6) Evidence to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the DistrictBoard that there is no community sewer or other
part of a community sewerage system within a reasonable distance of such building or premises into which the
sewage can be discharged, or that it is impracticable to discharge the sewage concerned into a community
sewerage system or into the sewer or other facility connecting with such sewerage system.
B. All Ssewage disposal systems for transient residence, multiple residence, subdivision or commercial premises shall be Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

designed by, with drawings and specifications signed and stamped by, a professional engineer licensed to practice in
the State of New York. Applications for a permit to construct, alter, repair or extend the above facilities shall be made
only by the owner or lessee of the property or premises, who shall submit to the Zoning Officer Town Clerk all
information listed under A180-4A(1) through (6). It shall be at the discretion of the Zoning Officer to waive any Field Code Changed
requirements outlined in A180-4A for an existing system to be repaired or replaced. In addition to said subsections, Field Code Changed
the following regulations shall be enforced before a permit is issued: Formatted: Default Paragraph Font
1) Plans for non-residential systems and residential systemstransient residence, multiple residence, subdivisions
of more than 10 units or commercial premises using public sewers must be submitted to the New York State
Department of Environmental Conservation for review and approval.
2) Plans for individual disposal facilities serving non-residential systems and residential systems treating flows of
1,000-gallons or more per day of transient residence, multiple residence, subdivisions of fewer than 10 units or
commercial premises using individual sewage disposal facilities must be submitted to the Department for
review and approval.
3) An environmental impact statement, as defined by the New York State Department of Environmental
Conservation, shall accompany applications for approval as required by State Environmental Quality Review Act
(SEQRA)[2] Editors Note: See ArticleArticle 8 of the Environmental Conservation Law. and those proposed for
areas affecting endangered species.
4) Such engineer shall submit a letter of compliance with these regulations as to all plans certified by himhim/her
for such application. The engineer shall also submit a letter of completed works following construction of a Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
system. Sample of the letters to be used for these purposes are provided in Appendix III and IV respectively. Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

C. Enforcement. The Zoning Officer shall have the duty and responsibility to inform the persons of this articleArticle and
shall further have the duty and responsibility to force compliance with the regulations. The Zoning Officer shall have
the authority to issue appearance tickets as defined in the Criminal Procedure Law for the purpose of enforcing this
articleArticle and the regulations.
D. Permit fees. The fees for the permit shall be as set forth from time to time by resolution of the Town Board and on file
in the office of the Town Clerk..
Formatted: List Paragraph
Formatted: List Paragraph, Numbered +
Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
Permit fees. The fees for the permit shall be as set forth from time to time by resolution of the Town Board and on file at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.31" +
in the office of the Town Clerk. Indent at: 0.56"

E. When, upon review of the application, the Zoning Officer and/or Board is satisfied that the proposed design meets the Formatted: Space After: 10 pt

requirements of these regulations and, in addition, meets the requirements of the Department and/or DEC as
evidenced by the receipt of a certificate from the Department and/or DEC, a written permit to proceed with
construction shall be issued by the BoardDistrict. It is to be noted that this permit automatically expires one year after
its issuance unless the Board grants an extension prior to the expiration date. Conditions of permit:
1) A permit shall not be transferable or assignable. Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start at: 1 +
2) A permit automatically expires one year after its issuance unless the Zoning Officer and/or Board grants an Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 1" + Indent at:
extension prior to the expiration date. 1.25"

3) A permit granted under the provisions of this articleArticle upon the basis of a temporary permit issued by
the State Health Department/DEC, as provided by law, shall be issued for only the same period as such
temporary permit.
C. Upon receipt of notice of revocation of the permit to operate issued by the State Health Department/DEC, Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start at: 1 +
the Zoning Officer shall have the power and shall take action to revoke the permit issued under this Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 1" + Indent at:
articleArticle. All permits granted as provided in this articleArticle shall be subject to this reservation of the 1.25"

right to revoke.
4) Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start at: 1 +
D. 5) Existing, approved subdivisions shall be reevaluated on an individual basis for reapproval. The Board Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 1" + Indent at:
reserves the option of complete reapproval for a specified period of time or to decline reapproval and 1.25"

require a new submission or reapprove a portion of subdivision and deny approval on the remainder of Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start at: 1 +
subdivision. Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 1" + Indent at:
5) 1.25"
E. When, upon review of the application, the Board is convinced that the proposed design does not meet the
requirements of these regulations or soil and geological conditions are such as to preclude safe and proper operation
of the desired installation or the applicant is unable to produce a certificate from the Department and/or DEC, a
permit to proceed with construction shall be denied.
F.
F.
G. No installation shall be made without a written permit from the District Board and/or Zoning Officer to the owner or
lessee of the lot.
H. It shall be the duty of the holder of the permit to notify the BoardDistrict and/or Zoning Officer when the installation
is ready for inspection. The Board and/or Zoning Officer District may also make inspections during construction to
determine compliance with these regulations. No part of any installation shall be backfillerd or covered until inspected
and given final written approval by the BoardDistrict. Any part of any installation which has been covered prior to final
approval shall be uncovered upon order of the BoardDistrict. Final written approval shall not be given until all
pertinent data required has been submitted. Upon notification to the BoardDistrict that the installation is available for
inspection, the installation shall be deemed approved only after official notification by the Zoning Officer or Board.
after three days from date of official notification and may be covered.
I. Following the issuance of permit to construct a system and satisfactory inspections of the installation, the Board will
issue a certificate of compliance for the premises. n occupancy permit for the premises. The premises may not be
occupied and utilized until this certificate of compliance occupancy permit has been duly issued by the Board.
J. If a permit Any person whose application is denied or issued with conditions, the applicant for a permit under this
section has been denied shall be notified in writing as to the reasons for denial, and such person may, within 30 days
after official notification of such action, file a written request for a hearing before the Board. Such hearing shall be
held within 10 days after the receipt of the request by the Board and upon reasonable notice to the applicant. The
Board shall affirm,, modify or revoke the denial or conditions of approval. Also, the Board mayor issue the permit on
the basis of the evidence presented at the hearing.
Whenever facilities are repaired, altered, enlarged, expanded or extended, the owner shall submit the existing and Formatted: List Paragraph, Indent: Left: 0",
Numbered + Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B,
proposed sewage disposal facilities plans for approval by the Zoning Officer Consolidated Board of Health. C, + Start at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned
Upon review of an application for conformance with the requirements outlined herein, the Zoning Officer shall have at: 0.31" + Indent at: 0.56", Tab stops:
0.38", Left
the right to approve, deny, or approve with modifications or conditions.
K. Formatted: Line spacing: single, Don't adjust
space between Latin and Asian text, Don't
adjust space between Asian text and numbers
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
A180-5. Applicability; specific standards.
A. This ordinance hereby sets forth the minimum requirements that shall govern the design, The requirements of these
regulations shall apply to the construction, alteration, repair, enlargement, expansion, or extension, operation and
maintenance of all sewage disposal systemswastewater, potable water and drainage systems for individual, multiple
residence, tourist accommodation, subdivisions, and commercial or institutional premises, together with procedures
relating thereto, in implementation of the Public Health Law and Sanitary Code of the State of New York. No person
shall construct, alter, repair, or extend any sewage disposal system contrary to the provisions of these or any state or
regional regulations.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
B. In the case of an existing wastewater disposal system, which exhibits evidence of failure or partial failure, as judged by
the Zoning Officer or Board, the rehabilitation and/or reconstruction of the system shall be in compliance with
regulations in effect at the time of rehabilitation and/or reconstruction.

C. Any extension, addition, or alteration to any wastewater system shall be in compliance with the regulations in effect at
the time of extension, addition, or alteration to the system.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri), 11 pt
D. In the case of replacement systems, such systems shall be designed, constructed, and operated in compliance with the
Formatted: para, Justified, Space Before: 12
regulations in effect at the time of replacement to the maximum extent practical as determined by the Zoning Officer. pt, After: 12 pt, Pattern: Clear (White)
The Zoning Officer maintains the right to refer replacement systems to the Board or Town Designated Engineer for
review as hehe/she sees fit. Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri), 11 pt
Formatted: Font color: Black
B.E. Sewage from any building or premise shall be discharged directly into a town and village sewerage system with
connection thereto conforming to these regulations. If there is no community sewerage system within a reasonable
distance of the building or premise concerned or if it is impracticable to discharge sewage from such building or
premise into a town and village sewerage system, then an individual sewage disposal system may be used. [Amended
6-8-1994]
C.F. No wastewater discharge generated from the backwashing of any filter serving any residential or commercial
swimming pool, hot tub, etc., shall be discharged to any private or municipal wastewater system, storm drain,
watercourse, swamp, wetland, lake, stream, river, etc., within the jurisdictional limits of the Board. All wastewater of
this nature shall be discharged to a seepage pit of adequate size and capacity to contain such wastewater until the
effluent dissipates into the ground. When it is necessary to empty the liquid contents of a swimming pool, hot tub, etc.,
it may be discharged to surface water courses, storm drains, etc., which lead to brooks, swamps, lakes, etc., provided
that the following procedures are adhered to:
1) Stop operation of all heating of water and application of disinfection (chlorine, bromine, etc.) leaving the
circulating system (pump, etc.).
2) Monitor the water temperature and residual chlorine, bromine, etc., until no measurable residual is observed
and ascertain that the facility water temperature drops to the ambient temperature. After the above
conditions are observed, continue operating the facility circulating system for another 24 hours.
3) The pH of the water to be discharged shall be in the range of 6.5 to 7.5.
4) After all of the aforementioned criteria and conditions are met, the water from the facility may be discharged
to surface water courses, storm drains, etc., which lead to brooks, swamps, lakes, etc.
5) Any solid residue in a pool, hot tub, etc., including but not necessarily limited to leaves, residue of sand
blasting, paint, caulking material, etc., shall not be discharged with water, but shall be collected and placed in
rubbish containers, etc., for disposal as solid waste.
D.G. Fees shall be per A180-15. Field Code Changed
E.H.Requirements for undertakings embracing centralized wastewater, drainage and/or potable water supply facilities shall
be as follows:
1) As the first step for any such undertaking, the engineer for the project shall submit a concept report. This
report shall set forth those factors and design concepts that have a bearing on facilities required to serve the
undertaking so that review agencies may comment thereon. Report approval is required prior to further
submittals. The report, when approved, shallwill serve as a basis for formulation of final detail plans and
specifications, etc., for the undertaking. As a minimum, the concept report shall address the following items:
a) The location.
b) A general description of undertaking.
c) General characteristics of the area.
d) Area population or population served.
e) Design criteria.
f) The average daily flow.
g) A general description of proposed wastewater facilities.
h) A schematic arrangement of the proposed system.
i) A short form environmental assessment statement (SEQRA).
j) Stormwater drainage facilities.
k) General arrangement drawing of the proposed subdivision, showing the location of lots, potable water,
wastewater, drainage facilities, etc. The scale of drawing shall be between one inch equals 20 feet and
one inch equals 200 feet.
2) The Board will review and render a decision regarding approval within 60 days following submission of the
report.
3) Following approval of the concept report, plans and specifications, developed in accordance with said approved
concept report, will be accepted and reviewed by the Board.
4) For projects in this category, a short environmental assessment form is required. A sample for is attached to
these regulations as Appendix III.
F.I. Centralized wastewater facilities shall be developed to utilize, wherever possible, one or several large septic tanks and
shall not employ individual septic tanks for each structure. If sewage pumping or effluent pumping from a septic tank is
to be employed, a centralized pump station shall be utilized and the use of small, individual stations for separate
structures shall not be used. The Board reserves the right to evaluate and require developers of subdivisions embracing
centralized wastewater facilities to comply with the intent of this subsection.
G.J. It is prohibited to utilize any type of sewage treatment system which discharges effluent directly or indirectly into Lake
George or any watercourse, swamp, stream, intermittent watercourse, etc., that discharges into the Lake George
drainage basin within the jurisdictional limits of the Board. It is the intent of the above to include, but not necessarily
be limited to, the effluent discharge from aerobic digestion units, subsurface sand filters, etc., which are not dispersed
into subsurface soils via tile fields, seepage pits, seepage beds, etc.
H.K. The Board may require, at its option, an owner's guaranty regarding pollution of waters of Lake George or
tributaries thereof from the construction or operation of sewage collection or treatment facilities serving any private
or, transient or multiple residence of any type, townhouse or condominium development, any subdivision, commercial
premises or industry.
1) If such a guaranty is required, it shall be prepared by the Board and executed in front of a notary public by the
owner of the entity involved.
2) All guaranties shall be binding upon the parties involved and their respective heirs, executors, administrators,
successors and assigns and shall be considered as running with the title to the land involved.
3) A form of guaranty is attached as Appendix II to these regulations.
I.L. The Board reserves the option to require the owner of a subdivision, or the organization responsible for the operation
and maintenance of centralized wastewater or potable supply facilities, to form a bonded sewage works corporation
and/or water works corporation under the existing Transportation Corporation Law.
J.M. Applicable letters and certificates, as set forth in the following Appendicxes,[3] shall be executed and filed with
the Board at appropriate time intervals for all projects covered under A180-10. Formatted: Default Paragraph Font
1) Appendix IVI: Owner's letter. Formatted: Default Paragraph Font
2) Appendix IIIV: Project Consultant's Letter. Formatted: Underline
3) Appendix VIV: Sample Certification Letter for Construction of Transient Residence, Multiple Residence, Field Code Changed
Commercial Premises, Realty Subdivisions with Wastewater, Potable Water Supply and/or Wastewater and/or Field Code Changed

Drainage Facilities.
K.N. Water or wastewater facilities will not be reviewed on the basis of seasonal use but must be designed for year-
round occupancy.
L.O. If a septic tank or tanks or a seepage pit or pits are vacated, they shall be opened, pumped out by licensed scavenger
unit and completely filled with clean sand. Filling shall be witnessed by the Zoning Officera representative of the Board.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A180-6. Requirements.
A. All sewage disposal systems of domestic or industrial wastes shall be constructed in conformance with applicable Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.25", Tab stops:
0.5", Left
requirements of the Department, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, the Adirondack Park
Agency and these regulations District. The following criteria shall govern these installations:
1) Installation. Septic tanks or other private means of disposal shall not be approved where a community
sewerage system is available. All sewage disposal systems shall be discontinued within two (2) years when
community sewers are made available. The treatment of industrial waste shall be in accordance with the
regulations of the Department, the Department of Environmental Conservation and the District. Only properly
pretreated industrial effluent shall be discharged into community sewers when the sewerage system is
available.
2) Design. The design of the sewage disposal system shall take into consideration location with respect to wells,
streams, lakes or other sources of water supply, topography, water table, soil characteristics, area available and
maximum occupancy of the building. All sewage disposal systems must be designed for year-round occupancy.
3) Type of system. The type of system to be installed shall be determined on the basis of location, soil
permeability and groundwater conditions, including depth to the water table, bedrock, etc.
3) Formatted: Normal, No bullets or numbering
4) Sewage. The system shall be designed to receive and treat all sewage, including wastes from garbage grinders
and automatic washing machines, from the building or buildings. Drainage from basement footings or from
roofs shall not enter the system. Industrial wastes shall not be discharged into the individual sewage disposal
system when their introduction would interfere with proper operation of the system.
5) Elements of the domestic waste disposal system for single residence:
a) House sewer. Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.5", Space After:
10 pt, No bullets or numbering
b) Septic tank.
c) Subsurface effluent disposal system.
6) Elements of the waste disposal system for temporary residence, multiple residence or commercial
establishments and subdivisions:
a) House sewer; collecting sewers and related components.
b) Septic tanks or other type of approved treatment methods.
7) Subsurface effluent disposal system and/or related components. Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75"
4) Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Numbered +
Level: 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start
8) Only wastes from plumbing fixtures shall be connected to the sewage disposal system. Surface and subsurface at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
water, including roof, cellar, foundation, yard and road drainage, shall not only be directly excluded from the Indent at: 0.5"

sewage disposal system but shall be disposed of so that they will not adversely affect the system. Disposition of Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75"

surface water shall be satisfactory to the Zoning Officer and/or Board.


5)
6) Backwash from water softeners shall be kept out of the sewage system. They may be discharged into pits or
trenches located downgrade and at least 250 feet from any well or water supply.
9) Formatted: Font color: Black
B. Stormwater drainage and recharge requirements. These requirements apply to all transient residences, multiple Formatted: Normal, Indent: Left: 0.25",
residences, commercial premises and realty subdivisions. They are intended to reduce the direct discharge of Right: -0.01", No widow/orphan control, Don't
adjust space between Latin and Asian text,
stormwater runoff into the surface waters of Lake George by discharging this runoff into the ground. The requirements Don't adjust space between Asian text and
numbers
appearing below are minimal, and additional drainage facilities may be necessary as required by proper engineering
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.25"
design. The Lake George Consolidated Board of Health drainage requirements are as follows:
1) Stormwater shall not be directly discharged to Lake George or tributary thereof.
2) All subdivisions whose gross property area exceeds 5.0 acres shall dispose of all stormwater by means of a
recharge basin.
3) Refer to Ch. 150, Subdivision of Land, particularly 150-17J and 150-23. Field Code Changed
Field Code Changed
C. Drawings. The pictorial representation of the projects discussed in these regulations is one of the most important Field Code Changed
aspects of the review of these projects. Therefore, it is important that engineering plans be presented in such a way as Formatted: Normal, No bullets or numbering

to make their detailed review as expeditious as possible. As a result, drawings shall: Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.25"

1) Measure a maximum of 24 inches wide by 36 inches long.


2) Bear the seal and signature of the project consultant on each sheet, and shallould be numbered 1 of 3, 2 of 3,
etc.
3) Be oriented so that North is generally at the top of the sheet.
4) Have a plan title box located, if possible, in the lower right hand corner. with a four-by-seven-inch space
reserved over it for an approval stamp.
5) Be folded so that the title box is visible whenever possible.
6) Contain a vicinity maplocation sketch which identifies the general location of the site showing major streets in
the area.
7) Contain a plot plan drawn to scale. All information necessary to describe properly the sewage disposal facility
must be included. For lots of realty subdivision which are not rectangular, the typical plot plan should be shown
for the lot with the smallest street frontage. As a minimum, the items listed below must be included. Other
items may be required. Include the following items:
a) Property lines.
b) Lot dimensions.
c) Existing and proposed easements.
d) Original and final elevations.
e) Street grades and distances from the nearest corner indicating street names.
f) Existing and proposed structures.
g) Water service lines.
h) Proposed sewage disposal facilities.
i) Storm drainage facilities.
j) Rock outcroppings.
k) Driveways, walkways and other paved areas.
l) Water wells within 200 feet of the proposed sewage disposal facility.
m) The names of all abutting property owners shall be clearly shown on the plans, as well as rights-of-way
that go through the area proposed to be subdivided.
n) For realty subdivisions, the maximum allowable number of bedrooms per lot.
8) Contain plan and section views for all individual components of the sewage disposal facility. The views should Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75"
be drawn to scale and contain sufficient detail and dimensioning to identify clearly and completely the
proposed construction. The piping into and out of components should be shown and specified, and invert
elevations where piping enters and leaves components should be specified along with the proposed piping
pitch between components.
9) Contain the log, location and soil rate of all test holes. Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.81"
10) Detail the design criteria and calculations used in establishing design flow and component sizing. Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.81", Hanging:
0.19", Tab stops: 1.06", Left
11) Include the following notes as detailed below on Page 1 of the plans:
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.81"
Formatted: Normal, Indent: Left: 0.25", No
Approval of plans and acceptance by the Board of a drainage, wastewater or potable water system herein bullets or numbering
described does not constitute a guaranty of the system's design, adequacy or structural stability by the Board or any of Formatted: Normal, Indent: Left: 0.5", No
its members, agents, etc. Submissions are examined only for review of processes utilized and general conformance bullets or numbering

with regulations; and Boards review does not relieve the design engineer of hishis/hers responsibility for the system's
adequacy and details of design.
Formatted: Normal, No bullets or numbering
The approval of drainage plans by the Board or its agents, etc., shall not be construed to imply adequacy with Formatted: Normal, Indent: Left: 0.5", No
bullets or numbering
respect to the prevention of flooding or erosion. The Board requirements for drainage are minimal. Additional drainage
facilities may be necessary for satisfactory drainage of a project. I certify, as design engineer, that the construction of
all facilities shown on these plans, including but not necessarily limited to all component parts of the system, all
excavation, construction, backfilling, etc., will be inspected by a professional engineer from this firm, and I shall certify
to the Lake George Consolidated Board of Health, following completion of construction, that all facilities have been
constructed in accordance with the approved plans and in conformance with best practice and construction standards.
11) Formatted: Normal, No bullets or numbering
Name and Seal of Professional Engineer Date
If there is any change or changes in the project or the use or occupancy of the entity served by facilities shown on the
plans submitted herewith which may cause a change in the drainage facilities or an increase in the strength or volume
of the wastewater or a change in the potable water source or quantity or quality of water utilized, the owner shall
notify the Lake George Consolidated Board of Health, and appropriate plans addressing the change or changes shall be
submitted for review.
Owner Date

12) When plans are revised and/or reissued under a subsequent date or dates, state the nature of all revisions Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.88"
enacted.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A180-7. Quantity of sewage flow.


A. The design flow values for all Individual Household sewage disposal systems shall be as defined in the Departments Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Wastewater Treatment Standards - Residential Onsite Systems [10 NYCRR AP 75A] Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
B. The design flow values for all Intermediate Sized on-site sewage disposal systems shall be calculated based upon the
hydraulic loading rates outlined in the DEC Design Standards for Intermediate Sized Wastewater Treatment Systems. Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
C. Any sewage flow from types of establishments not covered in the DEC design standard will be addressed by the Zoning Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Officer or Lake George Consolidated Board of Health, which reserves the right to assign flows as it deems necessary.

Systems for single residence shall be designed on the basis of 75 gallons per person, per day, or 150 gallons per bedroom,
whichever is greater. The estimated sewage flow for other than single residence shall be calculated based on Table 1 below.
Present and future possible usage of the disposal system shall be considered when estimating sewage flow. The design method
shall use the number of bedrooms with at least two persons per bedroom. If more than two persons occupy a bedroom, or if a
sleeping porch, den or recreation room may be used for additional occupancy, these factors shall be taken into consideration in
designing the system. Expansion attics may provide for one or more bedrooms and shall be calculated accordingly.
Table 1
Estimated Sewage Flows
Type of Establishment Gallons Per Person Per Day
Multiple-family dwellings 75
Boardinghouses 65
Additional kitchen wastes for nonresident boarders 10
Summer camp, centralized facilities 50
Churches (per seat) 5
Tourist camps, travel trailers 50
(minimum of 2 people per unit)
Resort camps 75
Day camps and day schools 20
Day workers (per shift) 35
Picnic parks (per picnicker) 5
Swimming pools and beaches with bathhouse 10
Country clubs (per member) 75
Motels (per person) 75
Drive-in theaters (per car space) 5
Movie theaters (per seat) 5
Self-service laundries (gallons per machine per day) 400
Stores (per rest room) 400
Campsites (per site) 100
Place of public assembly (per person) 10
Hospitals (per bed) 350
Institutions 125
Nursing homes, rest homes 75
Condominium townhouse or any complex development 100
served by a county sewerage system
Service stations
Per water closet 400
Per urinal 300
Bowling alley
No food service, per lane 100
With food Add food service value
Restaurants (per seat) 35
Fast-food service (per seat) 50
Hotels (per room) 120
Campgrounds (dumping station size based upon per site) 15
Office building, shopping center 0.2 gallons per square foot per day (add food service value)
Mobile home parks (per trailer) 200
Double width 300
Bars, cocktail lounge, etc. 20 gallons per maximum occupancy of premises
NOTES:
The Lake George Consolidated Board of Health will address sewage flows from types of establishments not listed
above as necessary and reserves the right to assign flows as it deems necessary.
All motel units shall be evaluated on a minimum basis of an occupancy of three people per unit.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A180-8. Location of Ssewage Ddisposal. Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A. The following Table 2, Location of Components of Sewage Disposal System(s), provides for the minimum distances that
shall be observed in locating the various components of the disposal system. When approved by the District and under
special soil conditions, these distances may be reduced. Typical disposal systems are shown on Plates 1 and 4.[1] Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start at: 2 +
A. The Location of Components of Sewage Disposal System(s) for all Individual Household Sewage Disposal Systems, shall Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" + Indent
provide for the minimum separation distances in locating the various components of the disposal system as defined in at: 0.5"
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
the Departments Wastewater Treatment Standards Residential Onsite Systems (10 NYCRR Appendix 75A).
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
B. The Location of Components of Sewage Disposal System(s) for all Intermediate Sized sewage disposal systems, shall
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.5", No bullets or
provide for the minimum separation distances in locating the various components of the disposal system as defined in numbering
the DEC Design Standards for Intermediate Sized Wastewater Treatment Systems. Formatted: List Paragraph, Left, Numbered +
Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Table 2 Indent at: 0.5"
Location of Component of Sewage Disposal System(s) Formatted: List Paragraph, Left, Numbered +
Well Strea D Prop Dis Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
Other at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
or m, w erty pos Indent at: 0.5"
Wastewat Seepag
Sucti Lake, ell Line al Formatted: List Paragraph, Numbered +
er Sources e Pits Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
on or in (feet Fiel
(feet) at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Line Wate g ) d Indent at: 0.5"
Septic tank (feet)
100 r-
100 (fe
15 15 10 (fe
10 Formatted: List Paragraph, Left, Numbered +
cours et) et) Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
Effluent 50 50 10 10 10 10 at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
line to e (2) Indent at: 0.5"

Distributio
distributio 100 (feet)
100 20 10 10 10 Formatted: List Paragraph, Numbered +
Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
n box
Disposal 100(1 100(3 20 10 20 10 at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Indent at: 0.5"
Seepage
field 150*
) 100(3
) 20 10 See 20
Formatted: List Paragraph, Left, Numbered +
pit (4)
Dry well 50 )
100 20 15 Plate 4
25 25 Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
(roof and at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Indent at: 0.5"
Sewer
footing) 50 100 - 10 - -
Formatted: List Paragraph, Numbered +
conduit Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
Fill
forceor main
built- 100 (5) 20 10 - - at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Indent at: 0.5"
up systems
Formatted ...
evapor-
Formatted ...
transpirati
Formatted ...
on
Leaching 200 (6) 10 20 - -
Formatted ...
absorption
bed 0
NOTES: Formatted ...
* systems
50 feet more in coarse gravel. Field Code Changed
1
Sewage disposal systems located, of necessity, upgrade in the general path of drainage to a well shall be spaced 200 Field Code Changed
feet or more away. Formatted ...
2
Mean high water mark. Formatted ...
3
If percolation rate is zero to five minutes per inch, this distance becomes 200 linear feet. Formatted ...
4
Seepage pits shall only be employed when subsoil is of reasonable uniform Formatted ...
porous quality for a total depth extending at least four feet beneath the bottom of the pit and when seepage pit or pits Formatted ...
are located at least 150 feet distant to and at a lower elevation from any suction line or source of potable water supply. Formatted ...
5
Within 1,000 feet of Lake George and 200 feet of any stream or watercourse. Formatted ...
6
Within 500 feet of Lake George and 200 feet of any stream or watercourse. Formatted ...
B. The minimum distances pertaining to a well or suction line set forth in the above table shall not apply where the source Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
of potable water is withdrawn from the waters of Lake George, provided that the termination of intake water system Formatted ...
pipe is situated at a location satisfactory to the Board. Formatted ...
Formatted ...
C. Subsurface investigation.
1) The single, most important factor in the design and successful function of the on-site sewage disposal system is the Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start at: 1 +
absorptive quality of the soil at the site where the system is to be located. Subsurface conditions shall be determined Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" + Indent
by digging a hole five feet deep if a tile field is contemplated and a minimum of 10 feet deep if seepage pits are to be at: 0.5"

used. Observations are to be made of soil type and conditions, the distance to groundwater, the distance to bedrock
and other factors which might interfere with the system.
2) The bottom of any effluent disposal system within 1,000 feet above the high water mark of Lake George shall be at
least six feet above highest groundwater level and seven feet above top of rock or impervious strata. In addition, the
area in which the effluent disposal system is to be located shall be situated so surface water is directed away from this
area. The allowable depths to groundwater, rock, etc., in areas 1,000 or more feet from the high water mark of Lake
George shall be two and four feet, respectively.
3) The determination of the highest seasonal groundwater level shall be made by direct observation of groundwater level
in deep test holes between March 15 and June 1, within six weeks of the time that the frost leaves the ground. Such
determination shall be made by monitoring the water level in an open soil test pit for a period of 24 hours.
4) Test pit shall be excavated to a minimum depth of six feet below the bottom of proposed effluent disposal system. The
date and highest ground water level shall be recorded and witnessed by a licensed professional engineer and a
representative of the Board.
D. Soil percolation test. Formatted: Widow/Orphan control
1) All tests shall be made within the area of the proposed sewage disposal system. At least four soil percolation tests shall Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start at: 1 +
be made in separate test hole spots, spaced uniformly, in the area proposed for the sewage disposal system. Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" + Indent
2) The procedure noted below shall be followed in performing a soil percolation test: at: 0.5"

a) Dig a hole with vertical sides having an eight-inch diameter or twelve- inch square. If a tile trench field is being
considered, the depth of the percolation test hole shall be six inches below the trench bottom or approximately 30
inches below the final ground surface. If a seepage pit or cesspool is under consideration, then percolation tests shall
Field Code Changed
be run at 1/2 depth and at the full estimated depth of the seepage pits. In order to facilitate the running of the test, a
Field Code Changed
larger excavation shall be made for the upper portion of the hole with the actual test hole in the bottom. It has been
Formatted: List Paragraph, Left, Numbered +
found desirable to place small stones in the bottom of the test hole to reduce scouring and silting action. Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
b) Fill the test hole with water and allow it to completely seep away. This is known as presoaking and must be done Indent at: 0.5"
several hours before the test and again at the time of the test. After the water has seeped away, remove any loose soil Formatted: List Paragraph, Left, Numbered +
that has fallen from the sides of the hole. Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
c) Pour clean water into the hole, with as little splashing as possible, to a depth of six inches. Indent at: 0.5"
d) Observe and record the time in minutes required for the water to drop one inch (from the six-inch to the five-inch Formatted: List Paragraph, Left, Numbered +
mark). Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
e) Repeat the test (a minimum of three times) until the time for the water to drop one inch for two successive tests give Indent at: 0.5"
approximately equal results. The last test will then be taken as the stabilized rate of percolation, and the time recorded Formatted: List Paragraph, Left, Numbered +
Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
for this test will be the design basis for determining the square footage of leaching or absorption area required for a at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
subsurface leaching system. For example, assume the following rates were obtained in running a test [see Subsection Indent at: 0.5"

D(2) above]. The stabilized rate of percolation would then be taken as 30 minutes. Formatted: List Paragraph, Left, Numbered +
Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
Run Time at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Numbe (minutes Indent at: 0.5"

r ) Formatted: List Paragraph, Left, Numbered +


Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
1 15 at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Indent at: 0.5"
2 20
Formatted: List Paragraph, Left, Numbered +
3 24 Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
4 26 at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Indent at: 0.5"
5 30
Formatted: List Paragraph, Numbered +
6 30 Level: 1 + Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Indent at: 0.5"
3) A stabilized percolation rate greater than 60 minutes indicates that the land is unsuitable for subsurface disposal. A
rate in excess of 30 minutes indicates that extreme care shall be exercised in design and construction because of
borderline suitability for soil absorption.
The New York State Department of Health staff and the District will conduct a site inspection of every proposed realty
subdivision, transient residence or commercial premises for which the Department has responsibility after receipt of
preliminary plans. The consultant shall coordinate his final percolation and deep-hole tests with the Department of
Health and a representative of the Board so any necessary additional deep-hole tests can be made during the
inspection. Deep-hole tests shall be made to a depth of at least seven feet below the bottom of proposed leaching
facilities. Percolation tests will be required on each lot at the areas where sewage leaching facilities are to be
constructed. Deep-hole tests will normally be required on 50% of lots, but may be required on every lot in irregular
terrain and/or variable soil and groundwater conditions.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A180-9. Individual Household Sewage Disposal Ssystems for single residence.


A. TheThis ArticleArticle shall govern the disposal of sewage and the design of all Individual Household sewage disposal
systems within the Town, as defined in this chapter, except that this ArticleArticle shall not govern the design or
installation of community or public sewers or the disposal of sewage by means of a community or public sewer. These
requirements shall apply to private dwellings which will be constructed on and after the effective date of this
articleArticle and shall also apply to and regulate all private dwellings existing on and before the effective date of this
articleArticle whose sewage disposal systems are in any way altered or modified. This articleArticle shall not apply to
any private dwelling which discharges all domestic sewage into a public sewer system, which is approved by a state or
local agency having the authority to regulate sewers in the Town of Lake George. disposal system for single residence
shall consist of four components: house sewer, septic tank, distribution box and effluent disposal area.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
B. The disposal system shall comply with these regulations and with the most recent edition of the Waste Treatment
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Handbook - Individual Household Systems, New York State Department of Health. If a conflict exists between these
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
regulations and requirements contained in the aforementioned handbook, the most restrictive requirements shall
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Numbered +
apply. All Individual Household on-site sewage disposal systems shall be subject to the following performance and Level: 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
design criteria. For the purpose of this ArticleArticle, the following technical standards shall serve as the official Indent at: 0.5"
requirements and specifications for on-site sewage disposal systems. Systems that are designed and constructed in Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.5"
accordance with these documents, and any additional requirements outlined herein, shall be presumed to meet the Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Numbered +
standards imposed by this ordinance: Level: 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
1. 10 NYCRR Appendix 75A, Wastewater Treatment Standards Residential Onsite Systems ((10 NYCRR Appendix Indent at: 0.5"
75A, most current version or its successor). Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
2. Design Standards for New York StateDEC Design Standards for Intermediate Sized Wastewater Treatment
Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.5"
Systems (NYS Department of Environmental Conservation, most current version or its successor, a). (Applicable
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Numbered +
to sewage disposal systems which discharge 1,000 or more gallons per day, discharge to surface water, and/or Level: 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start
discharge waste other than domestic sewage). at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Indent at: 0.5"

3. Adirondack Park Agency Guidelines for On-site Sewage Disposal Systems (most current version or its Formatted: Normal, No bullets or numbering
successor). (Applicable to the installation of on-site sewage disposal systems associated with a project that is Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri), Not Bold
subject to the jurisdiction of Class A regional projects of the Adirondack Park Agency). Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
B. Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Numbered +
C. Specific Standards and RequirementsHouse sewer. Level: 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
1. All sewage disposal systems for single residences shall be design by a professional engineer licensed to practice Indent at: 0.5"
is the State of New York or other licensed design professionals as deemedallowed by the New York State Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Education Department, unless otherwise not required by state law. Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.5"
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Numbered +
2. The need for a topographic survey for the area of a proposed or replacement system shall be determined by Level: 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start
the Zoning Officer. at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Indent at: 0.5"
Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.5"
3. Subsurface Investigation Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Numbered +
Level: 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
a. The single, most important factor in the design and successful function of the on-site sewage disposal Indent at: 0.5"
system is the absorptive quality of the soil at the site where the system is to be located. Subsurface
Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.25", Numbered +
conditions shall be determined by digging a hole to an adequate depth to demonstrate compliance with Level: 1 + Numbering Style: a, b, c, + Start
the minimum separation distances prescribed by Departments Wastewater Treatment Standards at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.75" +
Indent at: 1"
Residential Onsite Systems, 10 NYCRR Appendix 75A. Observations are to be made of soil type and
conditions, the distance to groundwater, the distance to bedrock and other factors which might Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

interfere with the system. Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)


Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
b. The determination of the highest seasonal groundwater level shall be made by direct observation of Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.25"
groundwater level in deep test holes between March 15 and June 1, within six weeks of the time that Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.25", Numbered +
the frost leaves the ground. Such determination shall be made by monitoring the water level in an open Level: 1 + Numbering Style: a, b, c, + Start
soil test pit for a period of 24 hours. Any soil testing completed outside the dates identified above, shall at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.75" +
Indent at: 1"
be performed by a third party soil scientist, not associated with the design of the proposed system. All
other observations can be made by a professional engineer licensed in the state of New York.
Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.25"
c. Test pit shall be excavated to at least a depth to demonstrate compliance with the separation distances Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.25", Numbered +
prescribed by these standards. The date and highest ground water level shall be recorded and Level: 1 + Numbering Style: a, b, c, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.75" +
witnessed by a licensed professional engineer and a representative of the Board, or its agent. Indent at: 1"
Formatted: List Paragraph, Right: 0", No
4. Soil Percolation Test. bullets or numbering, Widow/Orphan control,
Adjust space between Latin and Asian text,
a. All tests shall be made in accordance with the percolation test procedures outlined in the Individual Adjust space between Asian text and numbers
Residential Wastewater Treatment Systems Design Handbook as published by the Department. In
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Numbered +
addition, at least two soil percolation tests shall be made in separate test hole spots, spaced uniformly, Level: 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start
in the area proposed for the sewage disposal system. at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Indent at: 0.5"

b. The New York State Department of Health staff and the DistrictBoard may conduct a site inspection of Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

every proposed realty subdivision, residence or commercial premises for which the Department has Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.25", Numbered +
Level: 1 + Numbering Style: a, b, c, + Start
responsibility after receipt of preliminary plans. The consultant shall coordinate hishis/hers percolation at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
and deep-hole tests with the Department of Health and the Zoning Officer so tests can be witnessed, Indent at: 0.5"
when required by the respective entities. Formatted: Indent: Left: 3"
Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.25", Numbered +
5. Holding Tanks: Level: 1 + Numbering Style: a, b, c, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
a. The application of holding tanks' pump-out systems, etc., will be permitted on failed systems only for a Indent at: 0.5"
limited period of time, at the discretion of the Board and the Department of Health. Holding tanks are Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
only allowed for temporary use during emergencies.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Numbered +
b. When a holding tank is employed, it shall be a one-piece, watertight tank constructed of concrete or Level: 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start
fiberglass (no metal tanks). The tank shall have a high water alarm system, the details of which shall be at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
submitted for approval. The tank shall have a system that will automatically shut off the water supply Indent at: 0.5"

to the structure served by the holding tank at some predetermined elevation of liquid in tank. Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.25", Numbered +
c. The owner of a holding tank shall keep a log of when the tank is pumped out, dated, signed, etc., by the Level: 1 + Numbering Style: a, b, c, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
licensed scavenger unit who services the tank. This log or a certified copy thereof shall be filed with the Indent at: 0.5"
town on an annual basis. The failure of a holding tank owner to comply with this procedure will result in Formatted: Indent: Left: 3.06"
a fine and/or the forfeiture of the use of said holding tank at the discretion of the Board.
Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.25", Numbered +
Level: 1 + Numbering Style: a, b, c, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
1. House sewer shall extend from the outer foundation wall of the building to the septic tank. It shall consist of Indent at: 0.5"

four- or six-inch diameter tight-jointed pipe made of cast iron, ductile iron or polyvinyl chloride gravity sewer Formatted: Indent: Left: 3.06"

pipe. Formatted ...


Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.5", No bullets or
numbering
2. A minimum horizontal separation of 10 feet shall be maintained between the house sewer and the drinking
water supply line under pressure. In cases where it is not practical to maintain a ten-foot separation, the
District may allow deviation on a case-by-case basis, if supported by data from the owner. Such deviation may
allow installation of the house sewer closer to the water supply line, provided that the water supply line is in a
separate trench or on an undisturbed earth shelf located on one side of the house sewer and at an elevation so
the bottom of the water supply line is at least 18 inches above the top of the house sewer.
3. The sewer shall be laid on a firm foundation at a minimum grade of 1/4 inch per foot without any bends. Care
shall be used to ensure watertight connections are enacted at the inlet and outlet of all component portions of
subsurface systems.
4. Sewers crossing water service shall be laid to provide a minimum vertical distance of 18 inches between the
outside of the water service and the outside of the sewer. This shall be the case where the water service is
either above or below the sewer. The crossing shall be arranged so that the sewer joints will be equidistant and
as far as possible from the water pipe joints. Where a water service crosses under a sewer, adequate structural
support shall be provided for the sewer to prevent damage to the water service.
5. When it is impossible to obtain proper horizontal and vertical separation as stipulated above, the house sewer
shall be designed and constructed equal to water supply pressure pipe and shall be pressure treated to assure
watertightness prior to backfilling.
D. Septic tank. Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Numbered +
Level: 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start
1) The septic tank shall have a capacity no less than that shown in Table 3, Minimum Capacities for Septic Tanks at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
Serving a Single Residence. Plan view and section view of a typical single compartment concrete septic tank is Indent at: 0.5"

shown on Plate 2.[1] Field Code Changed


Table 3
Minimum Capacities for Septic Tanks Serving a Single Residence
Number of Bedrooms* Liquid Capacity of Septic Tank (gallons)
2 or fewer 1,000
3 1,250
4 1,500
Over 4 Add 250 gallons' capacity for each bedroom over 4
Notes:
*Consider an expansion attic as additional bedroom space and design accordingly.
2) In septic tanks having two compartments, the inlet compartment shall havea capacity between 1/2 and 2/3 of
the total tank capacity. Tanks built with three or four equal compartments shall have the total liquid capacity
required for a single-compartment tank. The opening in the baffle between compartments shall be located at
least 40% of the liquid depth below the flow line. If an inverted fitting is used on the inlet compartment side of
the baffle, its opening shall be located 40% of the liquid depth below the flow line. In each case, the total area
of the opening provided by the pipe fitting shall be equal to the area of the inlet to the tank.
3) Septic tanks shall be constructed of steel reinforced concrete and be of permanent construction. Precast, steel
reinforced concrete tanks shall have a minimum wall thickness of three inches and shall be adequately
reinforced. The cover of the tank shall be designed for a dead load of not less than 300 pounds per square foot.
Concrete tops shall be reinforced and not less than four inches thick.
4) The inlet and outlet of the septic tank shall be provided with manholes. Each compartment in multiple-
compartmented tanks shall be provided with a manhole. Manholes shall be at least 20 inches in dimension and
provided with covers which can be sealed watertight. Manholes shall be extended within eight inches of grade
and coated on the exterior with a bitumastic or other protective material.
5) Where inlet and outlet baffles are used, they shall extend the full width of the tank and be located six to eight
inches from the end walls. Such baffles shall extend at least six inches above the flow line and have a one-inch
minimum vent space above. Inlet baffles shall extend at least six inches below the flow line and outlet baffles
shall extend 40% of the liquid depth below the flow line. Baffles shall be constructed of reinforced concrete or
equally durable material, coated with a protective bitumastic or similar compound to minimize corrosion. In
lieu of baffles, submerged pipe inlets and outlets may be installed consisting of a sanitary T of cast iron, vitrified
clay, plastic or other acceptable material with a short section of pipe to the required inlet and outlet depths.
6) The invert of the inlet pipe shall be located at least three inches above the invert of the outlet.
7) The minimum liquid depth shall be 48 inches. The length of the rectangular tanks shall be approximately twice
the width. Two compartments shall become necessary when the length of the tank exceeds nine feet.
8) Typical concrete tank is shown on Plate 2 for general information.[2] Field Code Changed
9) All septic tanks shall be buried below the surrounding grade. Localized filling around septic tanks is not
permitted.
A. Distribution box. Septic tank overflow shall be distributed to the several lines of the tile field by means of a distribution Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start at: 1 +
box. The size of this box depends on the number of lines connected to it. A section and plan view of a typical Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" + Indent
distribution box is shown on Plate 5. at: 0.5"

B. Effluent disposal area. Field Code Changed

1) All effluent disposal systems shall be preceded by a septic tank. The required size of the tile field or seepage pit
shall be determined from the results of the percolation tests and the number of bedrooms served. In every
case, the minimum area to serve two bedrooms shall be provided. Table 4 below shows the minimum trench
width and linear feet of trench required for a tile field serving a single family residence.
2) The effective seepage area of pits shall consist only of the outside pit structure sidewall area beneath the inlet
pipe invert and pit bottom. The bottom area of seepage pits shall not be included in calculating effective
seepage area.
Table 4 Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Tile Field Required Linear Feet of Trench
Absorption Area Required Based on Soil Tests
KEY: gpd = Estimated sewage flow in gallons per day.
BR = The number of bedrooms under consideration.
Linear Feet of Trench Required
Trench
Time for 1- inch Sewage Applicable Width 300 gpd 450 gpd 600 gpd 1000 gpd
fall (minutes) (gallons/square feet/day) (inches) 2 BR 3 BR 4 BR Over 4 BR
0 to 5 1.2 24 125 187 250 416
6 to 7 1 24 150 225 300 500
8 to 10 0.9 36 167 250 333 556
11 to 15 0.8 36 188 281 375 625
16 to 20 0.7 36 214 321 429 714
21 to 30 0.6 36 250 375 500 833
31 to 60 Questionable suitability
NOTES:
The standard trench dimensions and minimum standards for the tile field system shall be as listed in Table 5 and Table
6 below and as shown on Plate 3.[4] Field Code Changed

Table 5
Minimum Standards for Tile Field System
Type Standard Trench
Individual lines, maximum length 100 feet
Trench, depth 18 to 24 inches
Trench, minimum width 24 inches
Field tile, minimum diameter 4 inches
Field tile lines, maximum slope 1/16 inch per foot
Field tile lines, minimum slope 1/32 inch per foot
Trench, minimum separation 7 feet

Table 6
Minimum Spacing of Tile Lines
Width of Trench Effective
Minimum Spacing of Tile Lines Absorption Area
at Bottom
Center to Center (feet) Per Linear Foot
(inches)
(square feet)
24 7.0 2.0
30 7.6 2.5
36 10.0 3.0
3) Tile fields shall not be located under driveways, parking areas, paved areas, etc.
4) Where the ground is flat, it is essential to assure that provision is made to drain surface water off and around
the tile field to seepage pit area. Where a tile field or seepage pit area is laid on steeply sloping ground, a
surface water diversion ditch should be provided above and around the tile field to prevent the tile field being
washed out. If it is necessary to use drop boxes on a steeply sloping site, the outlet of the box shall be slightly
elevated above the floor of the box and the tile field laterals shall be placed even with the floor of the box. This
will aid in ensuring that proper distribution of effluent to the laterals is accomplished. Arrangement must be
such so that flow to all laterals is evenly distributed.
5) Where more than one tile field is employed, there shall be a minimum of six feet of undisturbed earth between
adjacent beds.
6) The plan and section view of a typical tile field is shown on Plates 1 and 3.
7) The filter material shall cover the tile and extend the full width of the trench or bed and be not less than six
inches below the tile and two inches above the tile. The filter material may be washed gravel or crushed stone
or washed bank-run gravel ranging in size from 1/2 inch to 2 1/2 inches. The filter material shall be covered by
untreated paper or by a two-inch layer of straw, hay or similar material as the laying of the tile drain proceeds.
8) Distribution lines shall be constructed of laid tile with open joints, except that perforated clay tile or plastic
pipe may be used, provided that sufficient openings are available for distribution of the effluent into the trench
area.
9) The bottom of gravel bed shall be at least six feet above the highest groundwater table and seven feet above
the top of bedrock if the site is within 1,000 feet of Lake George. If over 1,000 feet from Lake George, depth to
highest groundwater level, bedrock or impervious material shall be two feet and four feet respectively.
10) Seepage pits may be used either to supplement the subsurface disposal field or in lieu of such field where
conditions favor the operation of seepage pits, as may be found necessary and approved by the District.
11) The seepage pit shall be sized in accordance with provisions in Table 8 below. A minimum depth below the inlet
pipe of five feet of porous formation for each installation shall be provided in one or more pits. Pits shall have a
diameter of at least four feet.
12) Seepage pits excavation shall be terminated six feet above the highest groundwater table and/or seven feet
above the top of bedrock if located within 1,000 feet of Lake George. If over 1,000 feet from Lake George,
depth to highest groundwater level, bedrock or impervious material shall be two feet and four feet,
respectively. Where the pit is used to receive the septic tank effluent, extreme care shall be exercised in
locating a seepage pit because of the public health hazard involved. Where groundwater is encountered, the
bottom of the pit shall be backfilled with clean, coarse sand at least six feet above the water table.
13) The pit shall be lined with stone, brick or concrete blocks or similar materials at least four inches thick or
precast, steel reinforced concrete seepage pit rings laid in cement mortar above the inlet with tight butt joints
below the inlet. The annular space between the lining and the earth wall shall be filled with clean crushed
stone to a minimum thickness of 12 inches; stone shall be 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches in diameter. All additional
backfill shall consist of clean gravel. A two-inch-thick layer of straw or a layer of untreated building paper shall
be placed on top of stone and gravel collar prior to soil backfill. Stone and gravel shall be placed only in
effective absorptive soil area. The structural design and materials used shall be in accordance with generally
accepted good structural engineering practice, providing a sound, durable structure which will safely sustain all
the loads, liquid and earth pressures involved in each case.
14) Coarse gravel at least six inches thick shall be placed in the bottom of all seepage pits.
15) A watertight manhole and cover, having a minimum thickness of four inches, shall be provided. The cover shall
be adequately supported on seepage pit walls. The manhole shall have a minimum clear opening of 20 inches.
The top of the cover shall be not less than 12 inches below grade.
16) Any system employing more than one seepage pit shall comply with all stipulations regarding seepage pits as
set forth under A180-10 of these regulations. Field Code Changed
17) A plan and section view of a typical seepage pit is shown on Plate 3 and a typical lot layout for seepage pits is Field Code Changed
shown on Plate 4.[6] Field Code Changed
18) Alternate systems.
a) Fill systems; evaportranspiration-absorption systems. Fill or built-up systems, evaportranspiration-
absorption systems may be considered applicable if field conditions warrant in the opinion of the
Board. These types of systems must be 1,000 or more feet back from the high water line of Lake
George. When systems are constructed 1,000 or more feet back from the high water line of Lake
George, the depth measured from the bottom of the systems to seasonal high groundwater shall be
not less than two feet, and the depth to top of bedrock or impervious strata shall not be less than four
feet. These distances to groundwater and top of bedrock shall apply to tile fields and seepage pits that
are constructed 1,000 or more feet back from the high water line of Lake George, as well as the
aforementioned systems. The maximum allowable, existing natural ground slope for the above
referenced systems shall be 10%.
b) Design of fill or built-up systems. Evapotranspiration-absorption systems shall be in accordance with
New York State Department of Health Waste Treatment Handbook for Individual Household Systems.
19) Every structure shall have a U-shaped running trap with cleanouts having a minimum diameter of four inches.
All structures shall have a fresh air vent on the system. The location, size, etc., of traps, vents and cleanouts
shall comply with Article 9, Plumbing Requirements, Parts 903.12, 903.12b, 903.12c and 903.12d, of the New
York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code, January 1, 1984, or latest revision thereof.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A180-10. Intermediate Sized Sewage Disposal systems. for transient residence,


multiple residence, commercial premises and subdivisions.
A. This ArticleArticle shall govern the design and installation of all Intermediate Sized sewage disposal systems within the
Town, as defined in 134-3 of this chapter, except that this ArticleArticle shall not govern the design or installation of,
or treatment of wastewater by means of a community or public sewer. These requirements shall apply to and regulate all
non-residential systems, and residential systems treating flows of 1,000-gallons or more per day which are constructed
on and after the effective date of this articleArticle and shall also apply to and regulate all non-residential systems, and
residential systems treating flows of 1,000-gallons or more per day, existing on and before the effective date of this
articleArticle, whose sewage disposal systems are in any way altered or modified.
A. Sewage disposal systems for transient residence, multiple residence or commercial premises shall be designed by a
professional engineer licensed to practice in the State of New York. Plans and specifications accompanied by an
adequate engineering report, describing the highlights of the design considerations and methods, shall be submitted
for approval to the District. All systems and component parts of systems mentioned in this section shall comply with all
regulations of this section, as well as all other applicable sections, paragraphs, etc., of these regulations.
B. All Intermediate Sized on-site sewage disposal systems shall be subject to the following performance and design criteria.
For the purpose of this ArticleArticle, the following technical standards shall serve as the official requirements and
specifications for on-site sewage disposal systems. Systems that are designed and constructed in accordance with these
documents, and any additional requirements outlined herein, shall be presumed to meet the standards imposed by this
ordinance:
B. The disposal system shall consist of the following components: Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.5", No bullets or
numbering
1. Design Standards for Intermediate Sized Wastewater Treatment Systems (NYS Department of Environmental
Conservation, most current version or its successor). Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Space After:
0 pt, Line spacing: single, Numbered + Level:
2. Adirondack Park Agency Guidelines for On-site Sewage Disposal Systems (most current version or its 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start at: 1 +
successor). (Applicable to the installation of on-site sewage disposal systems associated with a project that is Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" + Indent
subject to the jurisdiction of Class A regional projects of the Adirondack Park Agency). at: 0.5", Don't adjust space between Latin and
Asian text, Don't adjust space between Asian
text and numbers
C. Specific Standards: Formatted: Font: (Default) Times New Roman
All sewage disposal systems shall be designed by a professional engineer licensed to practice in the State of New York
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.75", Numbered +
unless otherwise not required by state law. Level: 1 + Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start
1. All sewage disposal systems shall be designed by a professional engineer licensed to practice in the State of New at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" +
York unless otherwise not required by state law. Indent at: 0.5"
1. All sewage disposal systems shall be designed by a professional engineer licensed to practice in the State of New Formatted: Font: (Default) Times New Roman
York or other licensed design professionals as allowed by the New York State Education Department, unless Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.5", Space After:
otherwise not required by state law. 10 pt, Line spacing: Multiple 1.15 li, No bullets
2. Subsurface Investigation: In accordance with 180-913 C.3 Subsurface Investigation. or numbering, Adjust space between Latin and
Asian text, Adjust space between Asian text
3. Soil Percolation Test: In accordance with 180-913 C.4 Soil Percolation Test. and numbers
4. Holding Tanks: In accordance with 180-913 C.5 Holding Tanks.
Formatted: Font: (Default) Times New Roman
5. Grease Traps:
a. Any commercial establishment, such as restaurants, fast-food services, institutions, laundromats, car Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: A, B, C, + Start at: 1 +
washes, garages, meat cutting operations, etc., or any establishment that has the potential to generate Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.25" + Indent
grease or oil in its operation shall install and maintain an approved, appropriately sized grease trap as at: 0.5"
part of its sewage disposal system. The grease trap shall be installed outside the building. The grease trap Formatted: Font: (Default) Times New Roman
shall discharge to the inlet side of the septic tank and have a minimum capacity of 750 gallons or 25% of
Formatted: Normal, Indent: Left: 0.5"
the total daily system flow, whichever is greater. Separate waste lines for the sanitary and kitchen flow
are required, with the grease trap located on the kitchen waste line. Sanitary waste lines shall not Formatted: List Paragraph, Right: 0",
Widow/Orphan control
discharge into the grease trap. Grease traps shall have a minimum of three openings, each of which shall
Formatted: Font: Times New Roman
be brought up to grade and fitted with manhole frames and covers. The minimum dimension of clear
openings shall be not less than 20 inches. Formatted: Font: (Default) Times New Roman
6. Requirements for Centralized Wastewater Facilities. Formatted: List Paragraph, Right: 0",
a. Prior to undertaking a centralized wastewater facility, the engineer for the project shall submit a concept Widow/Orphan control
report. This report shall set forth those factors and design concepts that have a bearing on facilities Formatted: Font color: Black
required to serve the undertaking, so that review agencies may comment thereon. Report approval is Formatted: Font color: Black
required prior to further submittals. The report, when approved, shallwill serve as a basis for formulation
Formatted: Font color: Black
of final detail plans and specifications, etc., for the undertaking. As a minimum, the concept report shall
Formatted: Font color: Auto
address the following items:
i. The location. Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: 1, 2, 3, + Start at: 1 +
ii. A general description of undertaking. Alignment: Left + Aligned at: 0.75" + Indent
iii. General characteristics of the area. at: 1"
iv. Area population or population served. Formatted: Normal, Right: -0.01", Numbered
v. Design criteria. + Level: 2 + Numbering Style: a, b, c, +
vi. The average daily flow, maximum daily flow and peak hourly flow. Start at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned at:
1.25" + Indent at: 1.5", No widow/orphan
vii. A general description of proposed wastewater facilities.
control
viii. A schematic arrangement of the proposed system.
Formatted
ix. A short form environmental assessment statement (SEQRA).
x. Stormwater drainage facilities. Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: i, ii, iii, + Start at: 1 +
xi. General arrangement drawing of the proposed subdivision or other development, showing Alignment: Right + Aligned at: 2" + Indent at:
the location of lots, potable water, wastewater, drainage facilities, etc. The scale of drawing 2.25"
shall be between one inch equals 20 feet and one inch equals 200 feet. Formatted: Font: (Default) Times New
b. The Board will review and render a decision regarding approval within 60 days following submission of Roman, Font color: Black
the report. Formatted
c. Following approval of the concept report, plans and specifications, developed in accordance with said
approved concept report, will be accepted and reviewed by the Board
d. For projects in this category, a short environmental assessment form is required.
e. Centralized wastewater facilities shall be developed to utilize, wherever possible, one or several large
septic tanks and shall not employ individual septic tanks for each structure. If sewage pumping or
effluent pumping from a septic tank is to be employed, a centralized pump station shall be utilized and
the use of small, individual stations for separate structures shall not be used. The Board shall have the
right to evaluate and require developers of subdivisions embracing centralized wastewater facilities to
comply with the intent of this subsection.
Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.5", No bullets or
numbering
Community sewerage system package plants.
In recognition of the fact that some community sewerage system package plants may have superior performance to other Formatted: Normal, Right: -0.01", No bullets
disposal systems, certain criteria may be applied to these systems. However, such criteria, enumerated below, shall apply only to or numbering, No widow/orphan control
a community sewerage system package plant which is deemed by the Board to be state-of-the-art and to constitute the best
technology reasonably available at the time. This determination by the Board shall be made after consideration by the Board of
the opinion of its consulting engineer.
For condominiums, townhouses or any complex or development served by a community sewerage Formatted: Font: (Default) Times New
system package plant, the following standards and requirements shall be applicable in lieu of the Roman, Font color: Black
corresponding provisions of these regulations. All applicable provisions of this Chapter not specifically Formatted: List Paragraph, Right: -0.01",
referred to in this section shall remain applicable to community sewerage package plants. Numbered + Level: 2 + Numbering Style: a, b,
c, + Start at: 1 + Alignment: Left + Aligned
at: 1.25" + Indent at: 1.5", No widow/orphan
1)Quantity of sewage flow. Sewage disposal systems for condominiums, townhouses or any control, Don't adjust space between Latin and
complex or development served by a community sewerage system package plant shall be Asian text, Don't adjust space between Asian
text and numbers
designed on the basis of the volumes presented in this manual for those specific uses. Present
Formatted: Font: (Default) Times New
and future usage of the disposal system shall be considered when estimating sewage flow. The Roman, Font color: Black
design method shall use the number of bedrooms per unit. A twenty-percent reduction to flow Formatted: Space After: 10 pt, Numbered +
rates shall be allowed if water savings fixtures are employed.Lateral sewers of the collection Level: 3 + Numbering Style: i, ii, iii, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Right + Aligned at: 1.88" +
system. Indent at: 2"
2)Septic tank. Formatted: Font: (Default) Times New
Roman, Font color: Black
3)Grease trap, if required; see Subsection F below.
Field Code Changed
4)Distribution box.
5)Dosing siphon or pump, if required.
6)Tile field or seepage pits.
7)Other sewage treatment methods to suit requirements and local conditions.
C. Lateral sewers. Minimum four-inch diameter house sewers shall be connected to minimum six- Formatted: Space After: 10 pt, Numbered +
Level: 3 + Numbering Style: i, ii, iii, + Start
inch diameter lateral sewer. A lateral sewer must be of sufficient size so that when running full at: 1 + Alignment: Right + Aligned at: 1.88" +
its carrying capacity is 10 times the estimated average daily flow. Minimum slope of four- and Indent at: 2"

six-inch sewers shall be 1/4 inch per foot. Eight-inch sewers shall be 0.4 feet per 100 feet.
Lateral sewers shall have manholes located at each point of vertical or horizontal alignment
change, but not more than 400 feet apart. The sewer pipe shall be of asbestos cement, vitrified
clay or plastic of the approved quality. Manholes shall be of brick, concrete block, poured in
place concrete or precast concrete. The separation distance between water and sewer
conduits shall be as set forth in A180-9. Field Code Changed
D. Septic tanks. The design of septic tanks shall be based on flows listed in Table 1,
Estimated Sewage Flows, above. The minimum sizes of septic tanks shall be as listed in Table 7
below. The access opening of septic tanks shall be built up to existing grade and fitted with
frame and cover.
E. Holding tanks.
1)The application of holding tanks' pump-out systems, etc., will be permitted on failed systems
only for a limited period of time, at the discretion of the Board. New structures will not be
permitted to utilize holding tanks, etc.
2)When a holding tank is employed, it shall be a one-piece, watertight tank constructed of
concrete or fiberglass (no metal tanks). The tank shall have a high water alarm system, the
details of which shall be submitted for approval. The tank shall have a system that will shut off
the water supply to the structure served by the holding tank at some predetermined elevation
of liquid in tank.
3)The owner of a holding tank shall keep a log of when the tank is pumped out, dated, signed,
etc., by the licensed scavenger unit who services the tank. This log or a certified copy thereof
shall be filed with the town on an annual basis. The failure of a holding tank owner to comply
with this procedure will result in a fine and/or the forfeiture of the use of said holding tank at
the discretion of the Board.
F. Grease traps. Formatted: Space After: 10 pt, Numbered +
Level: 3 + Numbering Style: i, ii, iii, + Start
1)Any commercial establishment, such as restaurants, fast-food services, institutions, at: 1 + Alignment: Right + Aligned at: 1.88" +
laundromats, car washes, garages, meat cutting operations, etc., shall install and maintain an Indent at: 2"

approved, appropriately sized grease trap as part of its sewage disposal system. The grease Formatted: Space After: 10 pt, Numbered +
Level: 3 + Numbering Style: i, ii, iii, + Start
trap shall be installed outside the building. The grease trap shall discharge to the inlet side of at: 1 + Alignment: Right + Aligned at: 1.88" +
the septic tank and have a minimum capacity of 750 gallons or 25% of the total daily system Indent at: 2"

flow, whichever is greater. Separate waste lines for the sanitary and kitchen flow are required,
with the grease trap located on the kitchen waste line. Sanitary waste lines shall not discharge
into the grease trap. Grease traps shall have a minimum of three openings, each of which shall
be brought up to grade and fitted with cast-iron frames and covers. The minimum dimension of
clear openings shall be not less than 20 inches.
i. Formatted: List Paragraph, Numbered +
Level: 3 + Numbering Style: i, ii, iii, + Start
at: 1 + Alignment: Right + Aligned at: 1.88" +
dfdsgsg A180-11. Change in use of or alterations to premises. A180-11. Change in use Indent at: 2"
of or alterations to premises.Table 7 Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
After: 10 pt
Minimum Sizes of Septic Tanks Formatted: Font: (Default) +Body (Calibri),
Font color: Auto
Type Requirement Formatted: Font: (Default) +Body (Calibri),
Font color: Auto
Minimum Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
2 times average daily wastewater flow After: 10 pt
size tank
Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.5", Space After:
10 pt
Subdivisions
Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
After: 10 pt
Employing
Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.5", Space After:
individual 2 times average daily wastewater flows as developed 10 pt
on-site employing Table 3[1] Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.5", Space After:
systems 10 pt
Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
Employing After: 10 pt

centralized 2 times average daily wastewater flows as developed Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.5", Space After:
10 pt
collection employing the following criteria: 1-bedroom, 200 gpd;
Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
and 2-bedroom, 325 gpd; 3-bedroom, 400 gpd; 4- After: 10 pt
treatment bedroom, 475 gpd; 5-bedroom, 550 gpd
facilities

Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.5", Space After:


10 pt
2) A stilling basin (energy dissipating chamber) may be required immediately prior to the septic Formatted: Normal, Indent: Left: 1.5", No
bullets or numbering
tank when the slope of incoming gravity sewer conduits to the septic tank exceeds 3% in the first 100
feet or less upstream from the septic tank or when force mains discharge to a septic tank.

3) Automatic dosing devices shall be used in systems having 500 or more feet of distributors.
Either a pump or dosing siphon may be used and shall have a capacity sufficient to fill 75% of the
interior volume of the lines being dosed. A dosing device shall have a capacity of at least 125%, and
preferably 200%, of the maximum rate of inflow to the dosing chamber. Where the total length of
distributors is 1,000 feet or greater, duplicate dosing devices shall be employed with each unit serving
1/2 the distributors and dosing alternately. Dosing tanks must be used in conjunction with siphons and
should be arranged for convenient access and inspection. If possible, dozing devices shall be designed
to function by gravity in case of mechanical or power failure.

4) Distribution boxes shall be employed to ensure uniform distribution of sewage to the various
laterals. Distribution boxes shall employ a separate outlet for each lateral.

G. Tile system or seepage pits. Formatted: Normal, Indent: Left: 1.5", No


bullets or numbering
1) The required size of tile field or seepage pits shall be determined by the results of percolation Formatted: Normal, Indent: Left: 1.5", No
bullets or numbering
tests and the estimated daily sewage flow. Table 8 below shows the required square foot of absorptive
area related to the test.
Table 8 Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
After: 10 pt
Required Absorptive Area Sewage Application Rate

(gallons per square foot per day)

Time for Formatted: Font: (Default) +Body (Calibri),


Font color: Auto
1-inch
Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
fall Tile Seepage After: 10 pt
(minutes) Fields Pits

0 to 5 1.2 1.2 Formatted: Font: (Default) +Body (Calibri),


Font color: Auto
6 to 7 1 1 Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
After: 10 pt

8 to 10 0.9 0.9 Formatted: Font: (Default) +Body (Calibri),


Font color: Auto

11 to 15 0.8 0.8 Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space


After: 10 pt

16 to 20 0.7 0.7 Formatted: Font: (Default) +Body (Calibri),


Font color: Auto

21 to 30 0.6 0.6 Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space


After: 10 pt

Over 30 Questionable Suitability Formatted: Font: (Default) +Body (Calibri),


Font color: Auto
Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
After: 10 pt
Formatted: Font: (Default) +Body (Calibri),
2) Main distributors shall have diameters (four-inch minimum) governed by the peak Font color: Auto
rate of flow and be laid with tight joints on uniform slopes not greater than 1%, or Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
After: 10 pt
approximately 1/8 inch per foot, if no siphon or pump is employed. Where dosing is Formatted: Font: (Default) +Body (Calibri),
used, a slope of 1/16 inch per foot is recommended. Font color: Auto
Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
3) Lateral distributors comprising the tile field shall be laid in trenches 24 inches After: 10 pt
wide when the soil tests indicates a rate of one inch in seven minutes or less and in Formatted: Font: (Default) +Body (Calibri),
Font color: Auto
widths up to 36 inches when the rate is slower. Trench depth shall be between 18 and 30 Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 1.5", Space
inches; depths of less than 24 inches are preferred. Individual laterals should not be After: 10 pt
Formatted: Heading 1, No bullets or
longer than 60 feet but in no case more than 100 feet. numbering

4) All other design, layout and construction details of tile field and seepage pits shall
be as described under A180-9 and as shown on Plates 1, 3 and 4. Field Code Changed

5) If directed by the District, a settling tank shall be required to be built between the
septic tank and the dosing chamber.
6) Where more than one seepage pit is required, the pipe from the settling tank or
dosing chamber must be so arranged so as to distribute the sewage uniformly among the
pits. The use of a distribution box, with separate laterals each feeding no more than two
pits, is recommended. Seepage pits may not be dosed in series, but an equalization pipe
between all pits is required. Pits shall have a minimum distance between outside walls of
three diameters, but not less than 12 feet.
7) When a seepage pit or pits are employed at the end of a tile field, the pit wall shall
be at least six feet from the end of the field lateral trench containing filter medium. The
line connecting the end of the lateral line with the pit shall have tight joints.
H. Leaching beds and pumping stations.
1) Effluent leaching bed systems may be considered applicable if field conditions
warrant in the opinion of the Board. This type of system must be 500 or more feet back
from the high water line of Lake George. When leaching bed systems are to be utilized
within the one-thousand-foot limit, measured from the high water mark of Lake George,
the depth measured from the bottom of the system to seasonal high groundwater shall
be not less than six feet, and the depth to top of bedrock or impervious strata shall be not
less than seven feet. For systems located in excess of 1,000 feet back from the lake, the
aforemeasured distances to seasonal groundwater and bedrock or impervious strata
shall be two feet and four feet, respectively.
2) The design of effluent leaching bed systems and pumping stations shall be in
accordance, in all respects, except as noted, with the most recent edition of Standards for
Waste Treatment Works - Institutional and Commercial Sewerage Facilities, New York
State Department of Environmental Conservation. It is to be noted that the effluent
application rates shall be per the sewerage regulations of the Board. No reduction in size
of leaching bed area will be permitted on the basis of resting period, following a
specified period of operation. Effluent application rate for leaching beds shall be as for
tile fields.
3) With respect to velocities in all force mains from pumping stations, it is to be noted
that velocity shall be not less than two feet per second (raw sewage or effluent).
4) All buried fuel tanks utilized in connection with potable water or wastewater
pumping stations, etc., shall be constructed of fiberglass and shall bear an Underwriters'
Certificate of Approval. Installation shall be subject to Board approval.
5) Where the possibility that overflow from a pumping station could, in the opinion of
the Board, create a pollution problem, the application of a watertight, steel reinforced,
concrete holding tank, so arranged that holding tank will accept pumping station
overflow and contents of tank will drain by gravity back to the pumping station, may be
required. Also, the Board reserves the right to require the application of electrically
operated solenoid valves placed so as to shut off potable water supply to structures
discharging wastewater to pumping station in the event that the high water alarm of the
pumping station is activated. Emergency standby power is required for all pumping
stations serving centralized facilities.
6) If a conflict exists between these regulations and requirements contained in the
aforementioned handbook and/or standards, the most restrictive requirements shall
apply.
7) Every structure connected to a private, community or public sewer system shall
have a U-shaped running trap with cleanouts having a minimum diameter of four inches.
All structures shall have a fresh air vent on the system. The location, size, etc., of traps,
vents, cleanouts shall comply with Article 9, Plumbing Requirements, Parts 903.12,
903.12b, 903.12c and 903.12d, of the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and
Building Code, January 1, 1984, or latest revision thereof.
8) Effluent disposal areas, serving other than individual residences, shall be located
in areas reserved for this specific purpose, i.e., those areas or future areas shall not be
located on a building lot or any portion of a lot.
9) Plans for all wastewater systems that are set forth to serve other than individual
residences shall show on plans submitted an on-site area reserved for the sole purpose
of constructing a duplicate effluent disposal area. It shall be demonstrated, to the
satisfaction of the Board, that this reserved area shall have adequate percolation
characteristics and shall be of adequate size to serve as an effluent disposal replacement
area to be utilized when the initial area fails.
I. Community sewerage system package plants. [Added 7-12-1999]
1) In recognition of the fact that some community sewerage system package plants
may have superior performance to other disposal systems, certain criteria may be
applied to these systems. However, such criteria, enumerated below, shall apply only to
a community sewerage system package plant which is deemed by the Board to be state-
of-the-art and to constitute the best technology reasonably available at the time. This
determination by the Board shall be made after consideration by the Board of the
opinion of its consulting engineer.
2) For condominiums, townhouses or any complex or development served by a
community sewerage system package plant, the following standards and requirements
shall be applicable in lieu of the corresponding provisions of these regulations. All
applicable provisions of this Chapter A180 not specifically referred to in this A180-10I
shall remain applicable to community sewerage package plants.
3) Quantity of sewage flow. Sewage disposal systems for condominiums, townhouses
or any complex or development served by a community sewerage system package plant
shall be designed on the basis of 75 gallons per person per day. Present and future usage
of the disposal system shall be considered when estimating sewage flow. The design
method shall use the number of bedrooms per unit, with at least three persons per
bedroom. A twenty-percent reduction to flow rates shall be allowed if water savings
fixtures are employed.
4) Location of components of sewage disposal system. The following minimum
distances shall be observed in locating the various components of the disposal system.
Except as provided below, the requirements of Table 2 of A180-8 shall apply. When
approved by the District and under special soil conditions, these distances may be
reduced. Typical disposal systems are shown on Plates 1 and 4 at the end of this Chapter
A180.
a) Minimum distance from leaching bed to a dwelling: 20 feet.
b) Minimum distance from reserve leaching bed to lake: 200 feet.
5) Subsurface investigation.
a) The single most important factor in the design and successful function of the on-
site sewage disposal system is the absorptive quality of the soil at the site where the
system is to be located. Subsurface conditions shall be determined by digging a hole five
feet deep if a tile field is contemplated and a minimum of 10 feet deep is seepage pits are
to be used. Observations are to be made of soil type and conditions, the distance to
groundwater, the distance to bedrock and other factors which might interfere with the
system.
b) The bottom of an effluent disposal system within 1,000 feet but no closer than 500
feet from the mean high water mark of Lake George shall be at least four feet above
highest groundwater level and at least five feet above the top of rock or impervious
strata. In addition, the area in which the effluent disposal system is to be located shall be
situated so surface water is directed away from this area. The allowable depths to
groundwater, rock, etc., in areas 1,000 or more feet from the high water mark of Lake
George shall be two and four feet, respectively.
c) The determination of the highest seasonal groundwater level shall be made by
direct observation of groundwater level in deep test holes between March 15 and June 1,
within six weeks of the time that the frost leaves the ground. Such determination shall be
made by monitoring the water level in an open soil test pit for a period of 24 hours. In
the alternative, an applicant can submit an opinion or determination certified by a
qualified soil scientist, which determination may be subject to actual, empirical
verification in the field in such appropriate subsequent seasons as may be directed by
the Board after consultation with its engineer.
6) The test pit shall be excavated to a minimum depth of six feet below the bottom of
the proposed effluent disposal system. The date and highest groundwater level shall be
recorded and witnessed by a licensed professional engineer and a representative of the
Board.
A180-11. Change in use of or alterations to premises. Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
The owner, lessee or occupant of any premises is responsible to notify the Board of any use change, alteration, etc., of the
premises that will result in a change in the type or quantity of wastewater discharged from said premises.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A180-12. Inspections and maintenance.


A. Any officer or duly authorized agent of the Board may make such inspections as are necessary to determine satisfactory
compliance with these regulations. It shall be the duty of the owner or occupant of the property to give said official
free access to the property at reasonable times for the purpose of making such inspections as are necessary.
1) The Board and/or Zoning Officer shall have reserves the right to conduct such tests and inspections as it deems
necessary to ensure systems are constructed, operated and maintained in accordance with applicable codes,
approved plans, specifications and good engineering practice. These tests and inspections may include, but not
necessarily be limited to, materials' inspection, inspection of installation procedures, exfiltration, infiltration,
air or water pressure tests of conduits, equipment tests, flow measuring and metering, etc.
2) As a condition of approval of any sewage disposal system for transient residence, multiple residence, tourist
accommodation, subdivision, commercial or institutional premises and subdivisions, the Board reserves the
right to require the following, at its option, when and if it is deemed advisable:
3)a. The Board may require the installation of groundwater monitoring wells in areas adjacent to the projects Formatted
effluent disposal area.
4)b. If wells are to be installed, the Board will decide the locations where wells are to be installed, type of wells to
be utilized, etc., and depth to which wells will be placed and supervise the installation.
5)c. The Board and/or Zoning Officerwill, at its discretion, shall have the right to periodically require the applicant
to collecthave samples of water collected from these wells, have laboratory analysis of samples performed to
ascertain the quality of the groundwater, etc. If the analysis of the well water samples show an increase in
water pollution above the quality of water samples taken prior to the construction of these sewerage facilities
and related appurtenances, the Board can require the developer or entity responsible for the operation and
maintenance of the centralized wastewater facilities serving this development to do whatever is necessary to
stop this pollution and return the quality of the groundwater to its initial status.
6)d. The developer or entity responsible for the operation and maintenance of the wastewater facility shall bear all
costs associated with the furnishing, installing, supervision, collecting and testing of water samples, reports,
etc., associated with this undertaking, as well as all costs pertaining to any and all corrective measures
required.
7)e. Parameters of testing shall include, but not necessarily be limited to:
a)i. Temperature. Formatted: Numbered + Level: 1 +
Numbering Style: i, ii, iii, + Start at: 1 +
b)ii. Total/fecal coliform. Alignment: Right + Aligned at: 1.25" + Indent
c)iii. Dissolved oxygen. at: 1.5"

d)iv. Total dissolved solids.


e)v. Nitrite as N.
f)vi. Nitrate as N.
g)vii. Ammonia.
h)viii. Chlorides.
i)ix. Phosphate, total and soluble.
j)x. pH.
8)3)The frequency of testing will be established on a case-by-case basis.
B. Maintenance of septic tanks.
1) It is recommended that the maintenance of septic tanks be in accordance with Section 6.11 Operation and
Maintenance of Septic Tanks as outlined in the Residential Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Design
Handbook as published by the NYS Department of Health Bureau of Water Supply Protection, dated 2012 or
as currently revised.Septic tanks protect the absorptive ability of the soil. Without a septic tank, the soil will
clog. Therefore, it is very important that the effluent from the septic tank which percolates into the ground
contain minimum amounts of suspended solids. To secure optimum conditions and to prevent complete
abandonment of the existing effluent disposal area and construction of a new effluent disposal area involving
great expense (sometimes there will not be sufficient land available for a new effluent disposal area), it is
extremely important that a septic tank be cleaned before too much sludge and scum accumulate.
2) If either the sludge or scum accumulates too close to the bottom of the outlet baffle or bottom of the tee pipe
in the tank, particles will overflow into the disposal field and clog the soil. When this happens, liquid may break
through the ground surface or sewage may back up into the plumbing fixtures.
3) The recommended septic tank sizes serving single-family residences in these regulations should give about
three years of satisfactory operation before cleaning becomes necessary. However, since there are wide
differences in the rate that sludge and scum will accumulate from one tank to another, it is recommended that
the tank be inspected once a year during the first few years of operation and later at greater intervals,
depending upon the information obtained. It should be remembered that while one family may be required to
clean its tank once every three to four years, another family of equal size may find it necessary to clean a
similar tank every two years. Furthermore, the amount of sludge and scum accumulation from the same family
may vary from year to year.
4) Periodic inspection of the tank is recommended to determine the need for cleaning. Money can be saved by
avoiding the expense of unnecessary tank pumping and the expense of rehabilitating clogged effluent disposal
areas by pumping when needed. However, as a rule of thumb (without prior inspection), the tank may be
cleaned every three years, if the tank size is adequate for the size of the family and for appliances such as
garbage grinders. If the tank is undersized due to poor design or an increase in loading, it may have to be
cleaned every one or two years. To be certain, measure the accumulation of sludge and scum every one or two
years.
5) During the inspection, measure the depth of sludge and scum in the vicinity of the outlet baffle or tee pipe. The
tank should be cleaned if either:
a) The bottom of the floating scum mat is within three inches of the bottom of the outlet device (baffle or
tee); or
b) When sludge exceeds one-third (1/3) the liquid depth of the tank.
6) Scum can be measured with a six-foot stick to which a weighted flap has been hinged or any device that can be
used to determine the bottom of the scum mat. The stick is forced through the mat, the hinged flap falls into a
horizontal position and the stick is lifted until resistance from the bottom of the sum is felt. With the same tool,
the distance to the bottom of the outlet device can be found.
7) Sludge can be measured with a long stick wrapped with rough, white toweling and lowered into the bottom of
the tank. The stick should be lowered behind the outlet device (baffle or tee) to avoid scum particles. After
several minutes, if the stick is carefully removed, the sludge line or mark can be distinguished by sludge
particles clinging to the toweling.
8) Cleaning is usually accomplished by pumping the contents of the tank into a tank truck for off-property
disposal. Septic tanks should not be washed or disinfected after pumping. Pumping out of septic tanks should
be performed by New York State Department of Environmental Conservation licensed scavenger units.
9) If the cover and baffles or pipes are not in place and the rest of the tank appears to be satisfactory, they should
be replaced. If the tank is cracked and leaky, it should be replaced.
10) It is dangerous to enter the tank until it has been thoroughly ventilated. Do not discharge large quantities of
chemical or oily wastes into a septic tank. Normal use of household detergents and chemicals will not harm the
system. Exclude from the septic tank such items as paper towels, newspapers, rags, diapers, etc.
11) The value of adding disinfectants or other chemicals to improve the operation of septic tanks has not been
demonstrated. Generally, addition of chemicals to the septic tank is not recommended. Some products which
claim to "clean" septic tanks contain compounds which may provide temporary relief immediately but may also
damage the effluent disposal area by clogging soils.
12) Connecting laundry wastes to a separate waste system (dry well or seepage pit), while not normally necessary,
will reduce the load on the regular system and permit the survival of a marginal system.
C. Maintenance of disposal fieldsabsorption areas (tile or seepage pits).
1) The planting of trees, shrubs, bushes, etc., in close proximity to effluent disposal areas or conduits conveying
sewage or effluent should be avoided as this can result in clogging of the system with roots. It is desirable to
cover the effluent disposal area with lawn grass. Prevent puddles of stormwater from accumulating on or
adjacent to effluent disposal areas by diverting rain and melted snow. Do not build a driveway over an effluent
disposal area or run cars, trucks or tractors over it as displacement of grades of lines and breaking of tiles will
necessitate digging and resetting or replacing them. Do not use chemicals (except on the advice of the local
health department) to clean systems. Be careful that mud or silt does not enter the system before and after
construction by diverting through ditches all surface water. Keep roof, foundation, cellar and garage floor
drainage away from effluent disposal areas.
2) Above all, to properly maintain the effluent disposal areas and to assure its longer life, clean the septic tank
when necessary. It is better to pump the tank too often than not often enough.
3) The cost of replacement of effluent disposal areas is much greater than the cost of cleaning the septic tank.
Sometimes it is impossible to abandon a clogged area and replace it because of lack of lot space. Waste brines
from household water softener units should not be discharged into on-site, subsurface disposal systems. A
separate dry well should be employed for this purpose.
4) It is good practice to show the location of the various units of the disposal system on a sketch and reference
them to permanent land marks. This is best done when the system is under construction and will prove useful
in the future when earth-covered units have to be located for maintenance purposes.
D. When the Board or its agents determine that life and health are endangered by the failure or misoperation of a sewage
disposal system subject to these regulations, such Board or agent shall order that remedial action be taken by the
owner of such system. In addition to other penalties imposed by these regulations and other ordinances, such owner
and such property shall be liable for costs of any work performed by any municipal agency to remedy such failure or
misoperation.
E. Maintenance of Enhanced Treatment Units (ETUs)

All ETUs shall be maintained in accordance with the manufacturers recommendations while in service. Prior to Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.5"
acceptance of an ETU for use and prior to the Towns issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy, the owner shall provide
the Town with a copy of an executed maintenance agreement between the owner and a service company qualified and
certified to maintain the ETU.

D. Formatted: Normal, Indent: Left: 0.5", No


bullets or numbering
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri), Bold
A180-13. Variance.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
If an applicant for a permit is unable to meet the requirements set forth in these regulations because of insufficient area, space
or usable land, etc., hethe Applicant may apply to the Board for a variance. In considering the request for a variance, the Board
will consider the practical difficulties in conforming to the regulations. The question of practical difficulty will encompass:
A. Whether there is a significant economic injury in the application of the regulations to the applicant. This may include,
but not be limited to, the value of the land compared to the cost of the work.
B. If there is significant economic injury to the applicant, the Board must then consider whether or not the denial of the
variance will serve the public health, safety and general welfare.
C. In considering the application, the Board must also consider whether or not the applicant created the adverse
economic injury by planning or making commitments or expenditures prior to approval or acquisition of property, etc.
Formatted: Indent: Left: 0.5", No bullets or
numbering
C.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A180-14. Penalties for offenses.


A. In the enforcement of these rules and regulations or of the State Sanitary Code, the Board shall have the right to revoke
the Certificate of Compliance, seek an injunction against the applicants actions and/or may impose penalties for such
violation of, or failure to comply with, any of its orders or regulations, or for failure to obtain a permit. Each violation
shall be subject to a fine not exceeding $500 or imprisonment for not more than 15 days or both. If the offender fails
to pay any fine, the value of such fine may be added on the annual tax levy or the Board shall have the right tofor a
single violation or failure and may sue for and recover such fineit in any court of competent jurisdiction (each day shall
be considered a single violation).
B. In addition, the Board shall also have the authority to institute any other civil or criminal proceeding in a court of
competent jurisdiction which is authorized by the Public Health Law generally, and 12-b, 12-c and 229 of that law
specifically, where a violation of law has occurred and penalties may be imposed as provided for by law.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)
A180-15. Fees.
[Amended 6-8-1994]
A. Application made pursuant to A180-4A of these regulations shall be accompanied by a fee in the amount as set forth Field Code Changed
from time to time by the Town BoardConsolidated Board of Health by resolution, which shall be on file in the Planning
and Zoning oOffice of the Town Clerk, payable to the Town Clerk. In the event that such application is submitted after
construction, alteration, repair or extension has been physically undertaken on the subject system, such fee shall be in
the amount as set forth from time to time by the Town Board, Consolidated Board of Health, which shall be on file in
the Planning and Zoning Officeoffice of the Town Clerk.
B. Applications made pursuant to A180-4B of these regulations shall be accompanied by the fee in an amount as set Field Code Changed
forth from time to time by the Town BoardConsolidated Board of Health, which shall be on file in the Planning and
Zoning oOffice of the Town Clerk. Special project fees shallwill be charged to those projects utilizing a unique or
unusual method of sewage disposal, specifically those systems for which design criteria or other unusual project
aspects are not covered in these regulations Lake George Consolidated Board of Health Manual (including but not
limited to special construction due to soil conditions, groundwater, etc.). In addition, the special fee will be required
wherever test hole and/or soil evaluation go beyond the normal machine-dug test hole.
C. Special consulting fees. [Added 3-12-2001 by L.L. No. 1-2001; amended 5-23-2001]
1) The Consolidated Board of Health and/or Planning and Zoning Office, in its review of applications, may employ
consultants, legal counsel, professional engineers and/or inspection services to provide assistance and advice in
the review of any application, including on-site investigations, evaluation and inspection; verification of the
adequacy of plans and the sufficiency of submitted reports; study of the impact of proposals upon the
resources and environment of the town; preparation and/or review of environmental impact statements;
inspection of installed improvements; and such other services or technical assistance as the Consolidated
Board of Health deems necessary for its review of the application. The Consolidated Board of Health and the
Zoning Officer shall only employ special consultants with Town Board approval.
2) All costs incurred for these special consulting services shall be borne by the applicant. As further provided
below, a deposit shall be required in advance to cover the estimated cost of these services. This deposit shall
be in the amount determined by the Board or its duly authorized agent, as sufficient to cover all such special
consulting costs based on rates approved for professionals by the Town Board. of $65 per hour for engineering
review, $125 per hour for legal review and $70 per hour for special environmental consultant review. Fees for
the preparation or review of environmental impact statements shall be as determined by 6 NYCRR Part 617,
adopted pursuant to ArticleArticle 8 of the Environmental Conservation Law.
3) The deposit due for the special consulting services deemed by the Board to be necessary for its appropriate
review of any particular application shall be filed with the application with the Zoning OfficerTown Clerk by
certified check made payable to the Town of Lake George. An application shall not be deemed complete until
the requirements of this section have been complied with.
4) After the Board has rendered its decision on any application, the balance of the deposit, if any remains in
excess of actual incurred cost shall be returned to the applicant without payment of interest.
5) Payment of any deficiency in the amount of the deposit to cover incurred costs in full shall be a condition to
final approval of any application by the Consolidated Board of Health and/or Zoning Officer. No final approval
shall be signed, stamped, sent or otherwise valid until and unless such amount is paid.
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A180-16. Misrepresentation.
Any permit or approval granted under these regulations which is based upon or is granted in reliance upon any material
representation or failure to make a material fact or circumstance known, by or on behalf of an applicant shall be void. This
section shall not be construed to affect the remedies available to the Board under A180-14 of these regulations. Field Code Changed
Formatted: Font: +Body (Calibri)

A180-17. Conflicts; savings clause; repealer.


A. The rules and regulations of this chaptere District are designed to promote and protect the general health, safety and
welfare of the community, and the Board, in adopting these rules, is aware of the fact that other governmental units
which have similar objectives and authority have adopted laws, rules, regulations, etc., which relate to the same area of
concern. Where provisions of these regulations are found to be in conflict with any law, rule or regulation adopted by
any appropriate governmental unit having jurisdiction to adopt such law or rule, the Zoning OfficerHealth Officer shall
determine which imposes the higher standard and shall require compliance with the higher standard. In the event that
a dispute arises as to which law governs, the Consolidated Board of HealthBoard may make a determination and its
determination is final.
B. Savings clause. If a court of competent jurisdiction finds that any section or sections of these rules and regulations are
invalid for any reason, such finding of invalidity shall not affect the remaining sections of these regulations, and they
shall remain in full force and effect.
C. Repeal of prior inconsistent rules and regulations. Any rules or regulations adopted by the Consolidated Board of
HealthBoard which relate to the same matter as those herein enacted are hereby repealed and have no future force
and effect. The repeal hereby of any such prior rules and regulations shall in no way affect the past validity of such rules
and regulations, and no person shall gain or lose any past rights, duties or obligations existing under the prior rules and
regulations.
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A180-18. Effective date.
These regulations shall be effective on and after the first day of February 1986.