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Volvo 8400 UBS II Ready

Motivating People. Inspiring Cities


In the last 4 years, since the last JnNURM fillip, Volvo Buses has
partnered with cities to change how people look at public transport. During
these years, Volvo has expanded its presence to partner 13 cities to take the
first steps in addressing key public transport concerns of growing cities
namely congestion, fuel, environment & safety.

The Volvo experience has spread with over 1000 city buses on the road
covering millions of kilometers. Most importantly, these buses motivated a
significant percentage of commuters to choose the high-performance Volvo
city buses over their personal vehicles. This change has had a profound
impact. The economics of a modern city bus have been re-defined with a
clear understanding that bigger is not necessarily expensive. A typical Volvo
city bus can be as competitive as a standard bus on financial performance.
Also, the general notion on maintenance of high performance buses has
been demystified. But the key learning has been that partnership between
manufacturers, operators and authorities is essential to having viable
operations. Volvo Buses has played an important role in the way people
perceive public transport and has also helped wean them away from personal
vehicles. But this is just the beginning.

The focus is on investing for the future that is sustainable. Efforts are
being made by a wide range of stakeholders to address the present concerns
and put in place solutions for the long-term. Volvos transport solution is
bundled truly in this sense to address and provide a unique travel experience
complemented with a factor of motivation for the commuter to choose a bus
every time.

02
Design to Inspire People
Mobility
For many years, Volvo Buses has been constantly striving to make public transportation more attractive and
profitable to our customers. Our design starts with the understanding of operators, the drivers and the passengers
and realized in terms of the vehicle features that best suit the interests & needs of high-performing city transportation.

Vehicle operating conditions in a city has tough duty cycle, wherein frequent start-stops, quick acceleration, fly-over
gradients, effective air-conditioning is required in a complete day operation. This effectively translates into a demand
on vehicle and its system with a number of salient features, which is delivered by the Volvo city bus making it distinct.
The Volvo 8400 has been developed keeping in
The Volvo 8400 JnNURM city bus also makes public transport an attractive option to people from various walks of life, mind the specifications mentioned under
including senior citizens, women, and children as well as differently-abled people, who require special attention & care. JnNURM. The product has undergone extensive
With easy manoeuvrability, higher average speeds, lower NVH, longer service life, besides enhanced comfort & safety, testing lasting many months in order for Volvo
to develop the bus to meet the demands of
the premium city bus of today is clearly playing the role of expected of it that of drawing people away from their growing Indian cities.
personal vehicles and imparting a better travel experience.

03
Volvo 8400
Built for High-Performance
Built on a Chassis with Proven Performance. The Volvo 8400 is based on one of the best-
selling chassis from Volvo Buses, the B7R. The sturdy dimensioned chassis components provide high
dependability and a long-service life. The frame is a simple and sturdy construction with a flat upper
face for ease of body building. The bus is fully designed and built at one of the most advanced body-
building plants of Volvo Buses globally.

04
Friendly, Safe and Efficient Noise, Vibration & Harshness
A key reason why Volvo provides more efficiency, A standard in cars and a key reason why passengers
while caring for all - the young, old, specially are ready to leave behind their personal vehicles for
challenged, men or women. Volvo Buses.

Quick and Easy entry & exit for all. Entry at just 350mm, Many sum up a pleasant drive - summing as a good AC and a
means it is easy to get on and off, especially for passengers good drive. But there is more to it.
with impaired mobility. The Volvo 8400 kneeling-feature Noise vibration & frequencies: The sound levels in the bus
along with pneumatic lifting and lowering mechanism enables affect comfort. but its also the disturbing frequencies that
the body to be lowered, while passengers are boarding and need to be cutoff. The vibration levels and its effect on the
alighting. The clear door width of 1200mm in the front and human body is another unspoken factor.
rear of the bus help in comfortable & quick entry and exit.
Gentle in harsh conditions: Of course, the ease with which
Safe. The bus is easy to drive and offers excellent handling the vehicle handles different terrains and how it responds to
ability, rollover protection and safety is further boosted by frequent start & stop of the traffic plays a key part in
powerful disc brakes on all wheels, roll stabilizers and a true- making a comfortable drive.
bus suspension system. The doors are equipped with sensitive So when it comes to Volvo buses, the need from owners of
edge to prevent passenger injury during accidental door closure. personal vehicles is clear and profound

05
Fuel Efficient Performance

Power for
Efficiency
Modern fuel-efficient engine. The engine in the Volvo 8400, the Volvo D8C 330,
is a modern 8-litre 6-cylinder diesel engine with a turbocharger and Intercooler.

The engine generates a peak torque of 1200nm at very low rpm range aptly suitable
for city bus load conditions. The engine with 330 hp is with EMS for efficient
combustion, low emission, instant response, resulting in a good driveability and
manoeuvrability.

SCR technology is used for achieving BS IV norms, reducing the pollutants


especially nitrogen oxide and particulates. It is a tamper-proof system with Ad-blue
as the fuel and engine deration feature.

A well-matched power train with automatic


transmission.
A reason how seamless performance is delivered beyond
expectations & reliability ensured.
The power train of Volvo 8400 is dimensioned to get the
greatest possible power out of the engine. The 6-speed automatic
transmission with NBS feature offers unmatched smooth progress
and ride comfort. An integrated retarder with a unique torque
convertor enhances braking power. The transmission has a smooth
shifting pattern that adapts to the topography & vehicle load,
which helps optimise the fuel consumption and at the same time
provides a jerk free ride experience.

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Keeping high average speeds Extensive utilisation
For quicker turnarounds and more trips each day. Workhorse for 17-hour duty cycles without
dropping performance.
It is not merely about speed. Keeping high average
speed means the bus must be able to decelerate and A high-performing bus offers operations of over 17 hrs
accelerate with ease in city traffic. The number of stops in a without dropping in performance or reliability. A key factor,
city traffic and varied traffic densities means that this factor when a state corporation seeks to achieve more with less;
has a major influence. The right engine torque and driveline higher trips per day;and be responsive to rising city mobility
secures the need. demands.

07
Modern Technology

Technology for Greater


Reliability
High-performing driveline. The Volvo D8C engine coupled with 6-speed
automatic transmission & integrated retarder and optimized rear axle ratio delivers
high performance required in citys start-stop, meaning quick acceleration in the
least possible time to enable quickest transit time from bus stop to city road.

The Volvo D8C engine supplies a peak power of 330hp in order to meet optimal
power to weight ratio and ensure reserve power, which is critical to meet three areas
for good city duty cycle instant acceleration, air-conditioning performance, and
gradeability.

Engine Management System and Bus Electronic Architecture. The Engine


Management System (EMS) with Bus Electronic Architecture (BEA2) in Volvo city buses
help in quick engine diagnosis, notification of severe faults and maintenance schedules to
ensure a high reliable vehicle. CRDI technology & precise fuel injectors ensure lower
emission and good fuel economy through the life of the engine.

Bus Electronic Architecture (BEA2). All Volvo buses are equipped with modern bus
electronic architecture (BEA), which is a 2-channel advanced form of a Master-master
multiplex system. The architecture is an integration of all the key aggregates of the vehicle
system like brakes, suspension, engine management, gearbox, etc. Each of the aggregates have
a dedicated multiplexing node with a dedicated control unit. The control unit is programmed
to monitor the particular functionality of the aggregate. In the BEA architecture each of the
control unit can send and receive commands from other control units in the vehicle thus
optimising the operational parameters for its own functionality.
Based on a modular concept BEA helps significant reduction in the wirings and fuses used in
the vehicle and promotes use of correct wire sizes. This also is a safety feature, which can
reduce the short circuits and wrong/faulty connections.

08
Care For Driver

Driver
Environment
The driver environment in all Volvo city buses are designed so as to ensure that
the person driving the vehicle is not fatigued because of the road conditions and
traffic jams. The aim is to ensure that the driver is always alert and can respond
quickly to any panic road situations. The driver area is an ergonomically designed,
satellite configuration having clearly grouped and accessible switches ensuring least
distraction from the traffic. The modern & informative instrument cluster has clear
wide display system that can be adjusted as per different lighting conditions.

Steering System Architecture. The steering system in all Driver Environment.


Volvo buses offers flexible and easy driving drivers area that Accessibility: Ergonomically designed and clearly marked
can be adjusted as per the driver needs. The telescopic satellite instrument panel switches
steering column provides adjustments of the steering wheel Visibility: Wider and clear windscreen, Height and angle
with angular and up/down movements. The seats have 4 adjustable steering, individual lamp
degrees of movement with pneumatic adjustment system Effort: Clutch free driving, Powerful progressive power
which also acts like a cushion like comfort. The power steering system
assisted progressive steering ensures least effort while driving. Seat: Pneumatically adjustable seats, 3-point seat belt
Climate & comfort : Individual AC console for the driver
comfort
Mirrors: Electrically operated RVM
On-board Diagnostics: Systems with up to date vehicle
data & fuel consumption

09
Safety Cornerstone

On-road
Safety
At Volvo Buses, Safety is one of the core values. We pay a lot of attention
toensure that our products are the best in Safety and that our stakeholders
customers, drivers and passengers experience this at all times. Over the
years,Volvo has continuously worked to improve the safety standards by
developing and integrating new technologies in all our buses.

Electronic Braking System. Indian city driving cycle has a Disc Brakes. The disc brakes in the front and rear are of the
high degree of unexpected events, demands on panic brakes same type as those found in Volvos larger buses. The brakes
and good control on vehicle especially during 3-4 months features Volvo EBS providing the best braking power &
rainy seasons. The brake design must provide enhanced shorter stopping distances.
manoeuvrability by preventing wheel lock condition, shall
help improve the brake and tyre life,smooth deceleration and ABS. The brakes are designed in such a way that the disc
stop, reduce wear and tear of brake components. The above brake is always in full contact with the brake lining regardless
demands are best met by the Electronic Braking System in of the temperature. The brake disc is mounted on the hub via
Volvo city buses, which has electronically controlled disc a patented splined like joint allowing the disc to expand
brakes integrated with anti-lock braking system on all wheels symmetrically. The Volvo disc brakes at the front in
for better braking efficiencies,lower heat dissipation, smaller combination with the drum brakes at the rear are designed
stopping distance in citys bumper-to-bumper traffic for operating reliability and longer service life.
conditions and better vehicle control with minimum brake
force. Hydrodynamic Retarder. Retarders play an important role
to enhance LCC for a city duty cycle. The brake blending
feature of the EBS uses the retarder efficiently to provide a
fool proof and efficient braking system.

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Door Brake System. Passenger safety is enhanced with the
Door Brake System in Volvo city buses. This system prevents
the vehicle from moving if either of the doors is open. These
doors are with sensitive edge technology so that people
are not injured during the opening/closing of the doors. The
driver dash-board also shows the status of a rear door open/
close and hence, the driver can ensure the boarding/alighting
has been completed.

Brake Blending is the function within the EBS system.


This means that the wheel & the auxiliary brakes cascade
with each other whenever the brakes are applied. When the
driver steps on the brakes the service brakes initially does all
the action. However, when the auxiliary brakes output
increases they assume the brake action gradually resulting in
minimal wear of the service brakes. The EBS system also
senses the wear level of the brake lining and levels the
action between the axles ensuring, that the axles always
have the best brake lining for high performance.

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Passenger comfort comes first

The Gentlest, smoothest and quietest


experience
When it comes to Volvo, technology defines the way people experience comfort
and safety in a city bus. Besides features like electronic suspension, kneeling
mechanism, wide-access to facilitate quick entry/exit of people with disabilities, the
typical Volvo city bus imparts an assurance of safety at motivating people to choose
the bus.

NVH (Noise Vibration Harshness)


NVH has been a key focus area at Volvo Buses globally in with NVH within the recommended levels. The genesis of
order to improve the bus travel experience for passengers as the word comfort is defined on how you keep the NVH levels
well as the driver. From the earliest city buses to the modern to the least minimum. It not only means the passengers inside
premium high-performance buses, NVH levels have been the bus and the driver environment are comfortable but the
substantially reduced resulting in improved travel comfort & people outside the bus experience the lowest pass-by noise
safety. levels.
The congested city roads as well as road conditions across
India requires some breathing space for the commuters.
However, this is not something they are able to avoid most of
the time. This means that people can have quiet interiors

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ECS (Electronic Controlled Suspension) Air-conditioning
Electronic Controlled Suspension (ECS) plays a key role in An effective air conditioning is essential for passengers to
good and comfortable ride experience. The suspension system travel in comfort and to be insulated from the conditions
in all Volvo city buses is designed in such a way that the outside. All Volvo city buses are equipped with AC systems
entire interior load of the vehicle is distributed evenly across that deliver best performance in challenging conditions, like
all types of duty cycles with factors like road shocks and road road congestion, bad roads, and demands of long duty cycles.
irregularities. This is possible with controlling and Some of the salient features of air conditioning in Volvo city
maintaining the spring rate of each of the bellows under all buses are:
loading conditions. 32 kW AC capacity with pull down time of <30 minutes
This is ensured by the ECS system, which regulates the from >42 deg C to 23 (+ 2 deg C)
bellow height precisely as per load and road conditions Average air velocity at vents at 8 m/s2 (Volvo exceeds this
ensuring a smooth ride experience for the passenger. This MoUD specification requirement)
would also mean lesser vibration passing onto the chassis and Vehicle can scale 13.5 deg gradient without changes in AC
bus body resulting in lesser wear and tear. Self-correction of characteristics or the need to switch off AC
the bellow height helps protect driveline angularity related
problems, counters road unevenness; bellow failures can be
easily monitored. The build quality and technology of the
bellows in all Volvo city buses meet and even exceed the
demanding operations cycle in varying traffic, congestion and
road conditions making it ideal for long duty cycles.

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Telematics For Efficiency

ITS Mobility
System
The ITS mobility in Volvo 8400 city bus is intended The integration of all the key vehicle aggregates to provide a Operator
to provide a modern and intelligent transportation dynamic data to the driver, operator and passengers is a step Fleet discipline with route adherence, bunching analysis,
forward to make a friendly and planned city transport system. harsh braking/acceleration, missed stop monitor, among other
based solution, which is designed with a Bus Electronic
The ITS architecture comprises the following modules as per features
Architecture advanced communication system. The UBS-II specifications: Ensure passengers & pedestrians safety
communication data is secured as per global FMS PIS Monitor & plan maintenance in advance
standard for buses for a precise and safe means of AVL Highly reliable & efficient fleet availability
data acquisition. SCN
VHMD Driver
TM Pole Mounted and hand held ticketing machine Improved & optimised driving habits
The ITS architecture communicates all the data from each of Best performing fleet of drivers monitored by driver score
the module in pre-described protocols as per UBS-II cards
guidelines to the CCC (Common Control Centre). The ITS Ensure safety of the passengers & pedestrians
System has a two-way communication channel, which makes The ITS components (like IP66 for destination board, & SCN
for a very dynamic system. All the above features would help vibrations, heat & cold protection, etc.) and the fitment on
passengers, drivers, and operators to enhance & provide a bus is of a high material ensuring integrity of the system
truly integrated solution. during actual operations.

Passengers
To plan their travel efficiently
Upto date information on the routes & availability

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Performance Over a Life Time

Better Life cycle


Cost
Deploying City buses and calculating returns can be seen from various
perspectives. Furthermore, deploying Premium High-performing buses is a change
process, which means that it is coupled with the increased awareness of the
passengers, the network, the value. The returns over time increase manifold when
compared to the day one.

The Operations perspective better reliability of the buses and the easier maintenance The City Perspective
i. A Volvo City Bus pays back from the increased schedules. This includes on-site support services i. The savings for a city are even more.
preference from loyal customers. As is witnessed in many supervised by Volvo technicians. ii. Considering that a Volvo is proven to attract passengers
STUs where Volvo City Buses operate, a typical Volvo iv. The high reliability and uptime of the Volvo City Bus is who would otherwise use their personal vehicles, an
bus can attract more passengers compared to normal city further supported by an over 10 years + lifetime. This immediate impact is reduced vehicles on road.
bus. Research shows that passengers are willing to pay means that the costs you do not calculate, but which iii. So, with one Volvo, assuming 50% people have left their
higher fares for travelling in high-performance buses. As a generate unexpectedly are minimized aggregate personal vehicles behind, you have 20 reduced numbers
result of greater passenger preference, the revenue breakdowns, refurbishment, reduce non-operational of cars on road. This means 20 fewer engines on road.
generated by Volvo City Buses is higher compared to vehicles, higher driver motivation. This predictability This also means so much lesser emissions. Each car on
other services. Add to this the factor that a Volvo allows for planning which has high impact in future cost road occupies 2.5 times its length and width. With 20
product can easily operate for 17-18 hours a day without optimization. cars off the road, you almost reduce 150m of length of
a problem. v. Fuel is a key factor in India covering for over 50% of the road used against just 30m of a bus. Imagine the reduced
ii. Of course, cost of operation side is equally important. operating cost. Volvo Driver Training has a potential of infrastructure requirement.
Considering the tight margins one has in the business, a reducing 10%+ fuel consumption merely because of iv. It is proven that moving 5% more people into public
1% reduction in the cost of operation could be an driver behaviour. Coupled to that the Volvo Automatic transport from personal vehicles has a higher impact on
increase of 10% in profits! Volvo City Buses come with Gearbox ensures that the Volvo is always operating at an reduction in emissions than increasing the emission
high uptime, which means that the maintenance cost per optimized performance. The fuel cost per passenger per regulations of the vehicles.
km is competitive for the number of kms the bus km in a Volvo City Bus is significantly better. For the v. The fuel savings, the emissions saved, the road space and
operates each day. corporation, this factor has contributed significantly to the increased safety is worth billions of dollars saving for
iii. There is also a reduction in administrative cost due to the profits from the Volvo fleet in operations. a city.

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Developed by Volvo in India

The Assurance Behind the New


Volvo 8400
The New Volvo 8400. While Volvo 8400 with over
1500 buses in India and with far more numbers across
the globe, has now been renewed to meet the
demands of the UBS-II. But that is not all. Behind each
step and feature lies Volvo product development and
engineering expertise to ensure that you not only get
the feature but also the Volvo standards in quality,
safety, reliability, durability and product application. New Luxury Seats with headrests and
fixed reclining for greater comfort

Close to 20000 hours have been devoted to achieve the


renewed Volvo 8400 meeting UBS II requirements. A
dedicated team spread across India, Poland, Sweden and
Brazil has pooled together their knowledge and application.
Like all developments at Volvo, the execution of the design
and developments is done as per Volvos Global Development
process which ensures that all the scope/features are
developed as per guidelines including the required
verification, design reviews, prototyping, builds among various
other steps.
The New Volvo 8400 city bus also meets the new Bus Body
Driver environment designed Wider wheel chair ramp to enable easy New seating layout for more passenger
Code, IS14812 Rear Under-run Protection, IS4682 Lateral
to ensure safety and access to people with physical disability capacity
Protection and new regulations on mirrors, interior fittings
performance of driver is best
and indicators too.

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Stop request button for passengers

Exterior signboards in front, rear and side for better information to passengers Emergency Stop request button for
passengers

Wheel chair restraining system to Handrails and Stanchions designed Walking stick/crutch holder Automatic Fire Detection and
provide more comfort during journey for easy access of standees during journey Suppression system for engine hatch area

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technical specifications
Engine Front axle Frame
Model Volvo D8C 330 Type Rigid type steerable and non-driven Type All steel ladder type
Type Six-cylinder in-line, Turbocharged Front axle weight (legal) 6000 kg
and inter-cooled, Direct Injection, Fuel Tank
Diesel engine, complies with , BS-IV Final drive Total capacity 220 lt
emission norms Type Full floating, non steerable and Disel capacity / Nos. 220 lts. (1x220 lts.)
Bore x stroke, mm 110x135 mm driven
Displacement 7698 cm3 Rear axle weight (legal) 10200 kg Wiper Tank
Compression ratio 17.5: 1 Capacity 3 lt
Max. Engine output, kW 243 kW @ 2200 rpm No. of water tanks 1 no.
@ rpm Steering
Max. Torque, Nm @ rpm 1200 Nm @ 1200-1600 rpm Type Integral hydraulic Power Steering Electrical
Air cleaner type Paper filter, Dry type Wheel diameter 500 mm Voltage 24 V
Mechanism Height and angle adjustment Battery 2 nos, 12 volts - 180 AH Batteries
SCR System - Selective Catalytic Reduction Horn 24V, Electric
Additive used Ad-blue (32.5% urea solution with Brake System Alternator/ Inverter 24V, 2 x 110 A
de-ionized water Service Brake Type Volvo Electronic Braking system Invertor 1500VA
Ad-blue tank capacity 50 lts with disc brake in all wheels Architecture (BEA) Master-master multiplexing of
Parking brake Air operated acting on rear wheel chassis aggregates Engine

Transmission ABS Standard Management System, Transmission


Model ZF & 6AP1200 Suspension, (ECS) Body
Type Fully Automatic Transmission Suspension multiplexing - headlamps, internal
No. of speeds 6 forward + 1 reverse Type Electronically Controlled lamps, fans, horn and ITS equipment
Gear Selector positions R - reverse Suspension (ECS) Additional features PC Based diagnostic tool for
N - neutral Front 2 air bellows at front trouble shooting and diagnostics
D - drive Rear 4 air bellows at rear
Maximum incoming torque 1400 Nm Shock absorbers Hydraulic telescopic both front & rear External Lighting
Retarder In-buit hydro dynamic type Antiroll bar On front & Rear wheels Head lights 1 set
Gear ratios Lifting mechanism Electronic level Control Extra head lamp assy. 1 set
1st 3.36 03 positions - kneel, drive & lift + Front marker lights 1 set
2nd 1.91 60 mm from drive position Fog lamps and indicators. 1 set
3rd 1.42 Upper contour lights 1 set
4th 1 Wheels & Tyres Side blinkers 1 set
5th 0.72 Wheel size 8.25 x 22.5 Brake lights 1 set
6th 0.61 Tyres Tubeless radial tyres - 295/ 80 Extra brake lamp: 1 pc. Cluster lamps
Reverse 4.23 R 22.5 - 18 PR Height markers 4 nos. on each side
Front axle Rigid type, steerable & non-driven Rim size 8.25 x 22.5 Indicator lamps upper 1 set
Rear axle Full floating, non-steerable & driven contour lights
Side blinkers 1 set

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Dimensions (mm) Roof outer panel GI Layout 1+1
Wheel base, mm 5940 Front/rear panel FRP Dimension 1200 mm x 900 mm (Front and middle)
Front Over Hang 2850 AC duct Individual AC vents Safety Sensitive edge and door brake
Rear Over Hang 3210 Inner panel Suitable carpet to match the roof
Overall length 12000 sheet colour Fire Safety System
Overall width, mm 2510 Front windshield Laminated single piece Type Automatic Detection and Suppression
Overall height 3200 Side window glass Toughened safety glass Red blinker/Hooter Standard
Front track 2070 Rear glass on panel Standard toughened Emergency Hammers Standard - 11 nos (for side windows)
Rear track 1820 Air condition Main engine driven AC Fire extinguishers Standard - 2 nos (6 kgs each)
Minimum ground clearance 190 Roof ventilators 2 nos (one at front and one at rear) Self illuminating decals Standard(on all emergency exits,
Floor height in drive position 350 hammer positions & fire extinguisher)
Emergency switch Service Standard 2 nos(electrical &
Turning radius 9.00 mtr Driver area pneumatic) door
Seat belt 3-point, ELR recoil
Emergency exit door Optional
Body - strength and endurance Anchorage As per bus body code
Structural performance Stability, Deflection, Vibrations Emergency long hammers Standard 2 nos. (for driver + co-driver)
Standard Accessories
Roll over protection
PWD Assistance
Loads (As per Indian Road Congress) ITS System Wheel Chair Ramp
Braking and acceleration loads Destination Boards Front, side, rear, inside along with
EMERGENCY EXIT
Type Manual Sunken
Static and dynamic loads voice announcement system Dimension 920 mm width
ITS Modules Automatic Vehicle Location Capacity 300 kgs
Passenger Information System
Bus Body Insulation Restrainer Provided
Security Camera Network Crutch holder Provided on priority seats
Roof 40 kg/ m3, PU
Side Polystyrene Vehicle Health Monitoring and Stop request
Diagnostics, Ticket validation Type Push type voice based
Structural Body Specification
Body type Galvanised tubular structure with Passenger seats Location On-each stanchions and wheel chair
Type Luxury, high back area
anti-corrosive treated
Material PUEMERGENCY
foam Emergency stop Push to lock switch
Plywood 12mm with 1.2 gm/cc. densified, EXIT
EMERGENCY EXIT
Seat Area 450 mm x 450 mm Handrails and stanchions
laminated and compressed
No. of seats 32 +1 (wheel chair space) Material Aluminum powder coated
Ply properties BWP, marine board, fire retardant
Pitch 750 mm8400 Handrails 32mm dia, 3mm
Floor vinyl 3mm thickness, fire retardant
Stanchions 40 mm/3.15mm
Outer panel Stainless steel
Passenger doors Grab handles Provided, colour contrasting
Roof inner panel GI
Type Swing in/out

EMERGENCY EXIT EMERGENCY EXIT

HARITA SEATING SYSTEMS LTD

8400

*Specifications are subject to change

19
Volvo Buses
A division of Volvo India Private Limited
Yalachahally, Tavarekere Post, Hosakote Taluk, Bangalore 562122. Phone: +91 80 6712 1200 Fax: 91 80 6712 1222

www.volvobuses.co.in

Printed in India. Equipment that is shown or mentioned in the brochure may be optional or available as an accessory and may vary from one country to another. We retain the right to alter product specifications without prior notification. January 2014