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The Faculty of Science, Technology and Human Development would like to know the programme learning outcome
(PLO) achievements of the students and suitability of courses of the Bachelor of Science (Applied Physics) With
Honours that currently being offered by the Faculty. The purpose of this questionnaire is to find out how the academic
programs developed by the Faculty in preparing the student in order to fulfill the employment requirements. The data
will be kept confidential. Please return to our visiting lecturer after you have completed the questionnaire.



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PLO is the criterion that is expected to be mastered / developed in the self of graduated students once a particular program is

NO ITEM 1 2 3 4 5
1 Acquire adequate knowledge and comprehension on the basic concepts that is
sufficient in physics fields
2 Execute a set of skills in Applied Physics such as presentation, laboratory,
computer, problem solving, technical know-how in various situations
3 Express effective communication skills and present information in both written and
verbal forms and via the use of ICT
4 Describe problem related to field of Applied Physics by using systematic problem
solving skills
5 Commit effectively in teams to achieve the objectives of the organization

6 Get engaged in lifelong learning to enhance knowledge and personal skill in the
field of Applied Physics
7 Practice principles of entrepreneurship in venturing business opportunity that
oriented on related field
8 Behave according to the roles and ethics of professionalism in terms of their skills
in collecting, recording and analyzing data in fulfilling social, cultural and
environmental obligations
9 Adopt good leadership and adapt social responsibility wisely in organization and


List of courses offered by Bachelor of Science (Applied Physics) with Honours (Refer attachment for synopsis of each course)

NO ITEM 1 2 3 4 5
Year 1
1 Mechanic Physics
2 Physics Laboratory I
3 Calculus
4 Vibration and Waves
5 Physics Laboratory II
6 Ordinary Differential Equation
7 Electronics I
Year 2
8 Mathematical Physics
9 Electronics II
10 Thermodynamics
11 Modern Physics
12 Physics Laboratory III
13 Atomic and Nuclear Physics
14 Statistics
15 Java Programming
16 Quantum Physics
17 Solid State Physics

18 Electromagnetism
Year 3
19 Statistical Physics
20 Semiconductor
21 Finite Element Model
22 Physics Laboratory IV
23 Material Science
24 Environmental Physics
25 Bachelor Degree Project I
26 Computer Interfacing
27 Nanostructured Material (Elective I - Material Science)
28 Surface Physics (Elective I - Material Science)
29 Structures and Properties of Material (Elective I - Material Science)
30 Physics Laboratory V (Material)
31 Electronic Testing and Maintenance (Elective II - Photonic)
32 Sensor and Transducer (Elective II - Photonic)
33 Laser Technology (Elective II - Photonic)
34 Physics Laboratory V (Photonics)
35 Human Anatomy and Physiology (Elective III Health Physics)
36 Radiation Detection and Dosimetri (Elective III Health Physics)
37 Radiation Biophysics (Elective III Health Physics)
38 Physics Laboratory V (Health Physics)
Year 4
39 Bachelor Degree Project II
40 Superconductor (Elective IV - Material Science)
41 Material Analysis and Characterisation (Elective IV - Material Science)
42 Material Testing and Evaluation (Elective IV - Material Science)
43 Signal Processing (Elective V - Photonic)
44 Optoelectronics (Elective V - Photonic)
45 Fibre Optics (Elective V - Photonic)
46 Physics of Diagnostic Radiology (Elective VI Health Physics)
47 Physics of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine (Elective VI Health Physics)
48 Medical Instrumentation (Elective VI Health Physics)
49 Industrial Training

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Synopsis of courses offered by Bachelor of Science (Applied Physics) with Honours

No Course Synopsis
1 Mechanic Physics Study of wave mechanics and the elements. It starts with the introduction of basic calculus, algebra, vectors
and coordinate systems. This was followed by a single particle mechanics Newton shows various types of
dependence of the forces in simple harmonic motion, damped harmonic motion and forced harmonic motion.
In addition, Newton mechanics in two and three dimensions will also be discussed. System particles is shown
in terms of mechanics of the space coordinate system which eventually led to the rigid body rotation. The
formulation of mechanics by Lagrange and Hamilton with examples will be given. Also covered is the
introduction to waves that can be correlated with the mechanics. During this course, students need to do
research on real-life problems given to them which is directly related to what they have learned in class and
to solve it theoretically and practically. At the end of the course, the students will understand the theory and
can relate the theory they have learned to dailys physical phenomena around.
2 Physics Laboratory I Expose students to practical experiment based on their knowledge in Mechanics.
3 Calculus An essential knowledge of calculus. It starts with the technique of finding limits and continuity. The students
will learn to solve the differentiation using a specific technique and the techniques of differentiation for various
functions. Then it follows by the applications differentiation such as to find approximate values, rates of change
and etc. The basic of integration and their application will also discover. In the last part of this course it will
explore further differentiation and integration to solve trigonometric and hyperbolic functions and their
4 Vibration and Waves The concept of simple harmonic motion and damped motion of mechanical and electrical oscillators, the vector
operator, spring coupled pendulums, plane wave representation in 1, 2 and 3 dimensions, Fourier series for
a periodic function, boundary conditions, superposition, dispersion, interference and diffraction. Experimental
works in the laboratory for each topic learned will be introduced as in Physics Laboratory II. During this course
students also need to do research on real-life problem given to them which is directly related to what they
have learned in class and to solve it theoretically and practically. At the end of the course the student
understands the theory and can relate the theory they have learned to dailys physical phenomena around
5 Physics Laboratory II Expose students to practical experiment based on their knowledge in Vibrations and Waves course.
6 Ordinary Differential Equation The first order differential equations which starts from the origin of differential equations up to its applications.
In the second order (and higher) linear differential equations, methods of solution (undetermined coefficients
and variation of parameters), applications of second order (and higher) linear differential equations are
introduced. This is followed by the series of solutions to second order linear equations. Students will also be
introduced with Laplace transforms and inverse Laplace transforms which include the definition and
properties, initial and boundary value problems etc. In the last part of this course is the system of ODEs which
covers the theories of system of ODEs, homogeneous and nonhomogeneous system, critical points and
stability, solution of system of ODEs by Laplace transforms.
7 Electronics I Exposing the students to basic working concept of DC and AC electronic components and circuits. It will then
follow by circuit analysis using Kirchoff, Thevenin and Norton theorem for both DC and AC circuit. The
fundamental theory of semiconductor device is also describe follow by and diode circuit such as rectifier and
its applications. Then students should be able to understand the basic construction and operation of bipolar
and unipolar transistor. The applications of both type of transistor in amplifier circuit will also explore. Upon
completion, the student should have the ability to explain and analysed concept of electronic components, be
able to analyze simple DC and AC circuits and be familiarized with the properties of semiconductor devices
such as diode and transistor and also their function in electronic circuits. In general, the course provides
understanding on basic electronics circuit and its applications.
8 Mathematical Physics Provide physics students with mathematical treatment of a range of fundamental topics in physics. The course
content consists of functions of several variables, multiple integrations, vector calculus, complex variable,
matrices and partial differential equations. The course thus consolidates and integrates Mathematics and
Physics, and helps to overcome some of the difficulties which associated with the interface between the two
9 Electronics II Essential material for the electrical engineer involved in circuit design and analysis. The main topics are
operational amplifiers, frequency and time-domain responses, feedback theory, wideband multistage
amplifiers, and introduction to filter theory, and active filter design and implementation. The objective of the
course is to teach circuit design theory and to give the student an understanding of the factors governing the
behavior of electronic circuits. Both bipolar and CMOS circuits are covered in depth.
10 Thermodynamics basic concepts of thermodynamics, thermodynamic properties of materials and thermodynamic processes.
The next topics will emphasize on energy transfer and energy analysis of systems and processes using the
explained first and second laws of thermodynamics. The principles of gas power and refrigeration cycles are
also briefly highlighted. In general, the course provides the basic concepts of thermodynamics and its
applications in conservation and utilization of energy as well as in automobile industry.

11 Modern Physics A brief discussion on the advent of Modern Physics, emphasizing the nature of science in quest of better
understandings of the natural phenomena high-lighting the dilemmas and failures of classical physics in
face of some landmark experiments and discoveries, which gave the impetus to new ideas and paradigm shift
in the modern scientific worldview. The next few topics will set the premise for in depth discussion of some
phenomenon - basic concepts and ideas in Special Theory of Relativity, relativistic mechanics, wave-particle
duality and wave mechanics. The basis of quantum physics begins with the study of the black-body spectra,
with insight into the nature of light, and electromagnetic waves in general, and experiments based on these
ideas. The atomic theory of matter commence from the early Greek ideas which merge into various new ideas
in modern times. Students will learn the simplified structure of the Bohr atoms, the concept of energy levels
and how to derive and calculate them, with some experimental evidences, and its application to x-rays.
Application to multi-electron is briefly discussed noting the use of the quantum numbers and principles
involved. In the last topic, formalities of Quantum Mechanics are introduced by discussing the 1-D time
independent Schrodinger equation (TISE), applied to an idealised infinite square potential well. In general, the
student should be able to distinguish the limits and applications of Newtonian mechanics and quantum
mechanics, explain phenomenon related to atomic spectra and x-rays and familiar with some formalities in
quantum mechanics and appreciate that it could give better and deeper understandings of microscopic world.
12 Physics Laboratory III Expose students to practical experiment based on their knowledge in Electronics I and Electronics II.
13 Atomic and Nuclear Physics introducing some major concepts and theories in nuclear physics which include a basic concept of interaction
processes of nuclear radiation so that the students will have an appreciation of nuclear physics. The course
begins with understanding the basic knowledge of the constituents of nucleus and the properties of nuclear
forces. Radiation sources, types and properties of ionizing radiation and the nuclear decay process and the
properties of ionizing radiations will be discussed. The interactions of nuclear radiations with mater and
mechanism of nuclear reaction are also covered. Some basic concept on radioactivity including radioactive
decay law, radioactive decay series and radioactive equilibriums and some nuclear models such as liquid
drop model, shell model and optical model of the nucleus will be introduced. Upon completion, students should
be able to describe the nuclear structure and reactions based on the liquid drop, shell and optical models. The
students should also be able to discuss radioactivity, radioactive decay, radioactive equilibrium and the
sources of radioactivity and ionizing radiation, including their interactions with matter.
14 Statistics Students are introduced with random variables which covers discrete and continuous random variables,
probability distribution functions, cumulative distribution functions, expected values and variance. This is
followed by the special pobability distributions. In this part, students will learn Binomial distribution, Poisson
distribution, means and variances, Poisson approximation to Binomial distribution, normal distribution,
standard normal distribution, normal approximation to Binomial distribution. This is followed by Estimation and
Hypothesis Test. Students will be exposed to Simple Linear Regression where Graphical method, simple
linear regression model, least square method, hypothesis testing for intercept and slope, coefficient of
determination, correlation coefficient are extensively taught.
15 Java Programming Introduces the basic principles and concepts of object-oriented programming through a study of algorithms,
data structures and software development methods in Java. Emphasis is placed on developing the students
ability to apply problem-solving strategies to design algorithms and to implement these algorithms in a modern,
Object-Oriented Programming language. Topics include: fundamental programming constructs, problem
solving techniques, simple data structures, Object Oriented Programming (OOP), program structure, data
types and declarations, control statements, algorithm strategies, and algorithm development. There is an
emphasis on practical computing skills and productivity techniques.
16 Quantum Physics The basics of quantum theory from the perspective of wave mechanics includes a discussion of the
Schrdinger equation and the wave function. Bound state problems and one-dimensional scattering are also
considered in this course. The mathematical foundation needed in quantum physics which include Hilbert
Space, Dirac algebra, operator and Hermitian conjugate. The postulates of quantum physics are formalized
which also include angular momentum and hydrogen-like atoms. The solution of the Harmonic Oscillator and
the operational method are covered. The concept of electron spin and the introduction of perturbation theory
are discussed.
17 Solid State Physics The essential elements in solid state physics. As an introduction, review of atom in crystals is described.
Following by various types of crystals imperfections including point imperfection, line imperfection, presence
of dislocation, dislocation motion, perfect and imperfection dislocation and surface imperfections. The atomic
lattice vibration in solids and the effects on thermal properties are being explained in great detail. The students
will be exposed with the interaction of IR and X-ray sources with various crystal phases and structures. The
effects of thermal heating on solid materials is also being discussed. During this course, the students will be
guided to do research on real-life problems of which directly related to what they have learned in the lectures;
the creativity of the students will be observed and the students will be thought on how to precisely solve the
problem(s) with confident. At the end of the course the students are expected to understand the theories and
can relate them to real-life issues of physical phenomena.
18 Electromagnetism The essential elements of electrostatic and magnetism or widely known as electromagnetism when both areas
are being considered. As an introduction, electromagnetic theory, vectors and coordinate systems, line,

surface and volume integrals are described. This is followed by electrostatic fields, magnetostatic fields, time
varying fields, comparison of field equations and Maxwells equations and its relationship with
electromagnetism. During the course students also need to do project on real-life problem which is directly
related to what they have learned in class
19 Statistical Physics Develops the methods of statistical physics and uses them to calculate observable properties of systems in
thermodynamic equilibrium. Topics treated include the principles of classical thermodynamics, canonical and
grand canonical ensembles for classical and quantum mechanical systems, partition functions and statistical
thermodynamics, fluctuations, ideal gases of quanta, atoms and polyatomic molecules, degeneracy of Fermi
and Bose gases, chemical equilibrium, ideal paramagnetism and introduction to simple interacting systems.
20 Semiconductor The semiconductor properties, growth techniques based on Czochralski and epitaxial method. Energy bands
in semiconductor and current conduction phenomena are the main topic in band structure. In carrier transport
phenomena students will be exposed to carrier drift, diffusion, Hall Effects, generation and recombination
process and conditions for carrier tunneling. Also a review on p-n junction structure, depletion region,
capacitance-voltage, current-voltage characteristics and junction breakdown. In metal semiconductor
contacts, metal contacts and transparent conductive oxides (TCOs), Ohmic and Schottky contacts and
electrical characteristics will be discussed. To complete the course, electrical devices are also included. In
diodes, a device structure and basic operations of LEDs, LDs, photo-detectors and solar cells is reviewed. In
transistors bipolar junction transistors (BJT) and field effect transistors (FET) are discussed.
21 Finite Element Model Basic concepts of finite element modelling and analysis to various types of engineering technology problems
including structural and machine component analysis, conduction and convection heat-transfer analysis and
fluid mechanics analysis. Selected analytical aspects of finite element analysis are introduced throughout the
course without becoming too theoretical. Computer software is an integral part of the course and is used within
the laboratory portion.
22 Physics Laboratory IV Experiments based on material science course. The experiments include crystal structure, types of materials,
structural properties, mechanical properties, electrical properties, thermal properties, magnetic properties and
optical properties of the selective materials. With the help of scientific equipment, student will learn the
theories, concept and the properties of the materials while conducting the experiments. At the end of the
experiments, students will gain the knowledge in handling equipments, understanding the different properties
of the materials and completing their work by producing the scientific report.
23 Material Science Basic understanding of material science. It starts with historical perspective and classification of materials
follow by mechanical properties of metals which forming plastic and elastic deformation. Dislocation and
strengthening mechanism are also covered in this course. This then introduces failure in material due to
fatigue, fracture and creep. Finally, this course focus on the phase diagrams and phase transformations in
24 Environmental Physics Energy balance at the Earths surface and local climate is intricately linked. The Earth system receives most
of its energy directly from the Sun. This energy, in the form of electromagnetic radiation, is converted to other
forms of energy on Earth: infrared radiation, thermal energy, kinetic energy, and potential energy. Local
surface climate conditions influence (and are influenced by) the partitioning of energy into these various forms.
For example, deserts may convert most incoming solar radiation into thermal and kinetic energy while oceans
may convert most of it into potential energy. Furthermore, energy imbalances help generate storm systems
and move mass (such as air or water) from one region to another.
25 Bachelor Degree Project I Students will be given a choice of research topics based on theory or practical, within Physics area in the
following categories: Kinematics, Dynamics, Waves, Electromagnetic, Quantum Physics, Thermodynamics
and Solid State. This first half project involves the literature reviews and predicted outcomes to the proposed
26 Computer Interfacing Techniques that allow programs inside the computer to communicate with devices outside the computer and
vice versa. Some examples of microcomputer interfacing applications include sensors, robotics, digital
recording, data acquisition and display, and process monitoring and control. We will look at common and
emerging interfacing hardware and protocols using the most common USB interface port. Projects will focus
on programming techniques for accessing these interfaces and on the electronic circuits used to connect
digital and analog devices to the computer.
Bachelor Degree Project II The platform for carrying out individual research on specific areas in Physics; i.e. Electromagnetic, Quantum
Physics, Thermodynamics and Solid State. This project involves literature survey, theoretical analysis,
computer modeling and/or design of experiment, also development of experimental setup, data analysis and
presentation of results in terms of oral and written report. Students will be expected to contribute to the
research activities (e.g. seminars) of the host institution.
36 Industrial Training Industrial Training (LI) in selected local industries or government bodies for 24 weeks. At the end of their
training, students are required to submit a written report on their work and present their work in a seminar.
The evaluation of the Course is based on the Industrial Supervisors report, the Faculty Supervisors report,
the students log book write-up, the work presentation and the written report.