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3/20/2014 Civil contruction techniques: REINFORCEMENT

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Civil contruction techniques


Friday, December 3, 2010 Search

REINFORCEMENT
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Reinforced concrete is a composite material use where one single
material cannot achieve the design requirements. Concrete is strong Custom Search

in compression but weak in tension. Hence, so that concrete to be


good in construction, their should have a strengthening in the
concrete. This strengthening (reinforcing) material is known as
fibers.

CHARACTERISTICS OF REINFORCING MATERIAL IN


CONCRETE
1. It must have tensile strength.
Followers 2. It must be able to achieve this tensile strength without undue
strains.
Join this site 3. the material must be able to easily bent into any required shape
w ith Google Friend
Connect 4. Its surface must be capable of developing an adequate bond
Members (25) More between the concrete and the reinforcement to ensure that the
required design tensile strength is obtain.
5. It must be available at reasonable cost.
The material which meets all the above requirements is steel in the comment
form of bars, and is supplied in two basic types.
1. mild steel
2. high tensile steel
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STEEL BARS USE IN REINFORCEMENT

TOPICS the characteristic strength of mild steel is 250 N/mm2 and 460
N/mm. the surface of mild steel provides adequate bond but the
Home bond of high- yield bars, being more critical with the higher stresses
FORMWORK developed ,is generally by rolling on to the surface of the bar
longitudinal or transverse ribs.
Formwork
The reinforcement in concrete may be simple bar or series of bars,
REINFORCEMENT bend to a given schedule which known as bar schedule and tied
SETTING OUT according to the reinforcement drawings with stirrups. The normal
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3/20/2014 Civil contruction techniques: REINFORCEMENT

EARTH FILLING AND


diameters of bars used at this site are 6, 10,12,16,20 and 25.
Steel bars are available in various brands in the market some are
COMPACTION

PILE LOAD TEST


locally manufactured and some are imported brands. Whatever ShoutMix
brand is used by the contractor he should submit test reports for Live chat
ANTI TERMINATE tensile strength, elongation. software for
TREATMENT

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4REBAR DETAILS
SECTION UNIT CROSS WEIGHT NO OF Click here to
About Me SIZE WEIGHT SECTION OF 12M BARS check it out now!
priyal Niranjan
AREA BAR FOR A
0.0009s
TON
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R6 0.222 0.283 2.664 375
R10 0.617 0.785 7.404 135
T10 0.617 0.785 7.404 135
T13 1.04 1.327 12.48 80
T16 1.58 2.011 18.96 53
T20 2.47 3.142 29.64 34
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T25 3.85 4.909 46.2 22
T32 6.31 8.042 75.72 13
T40 9.88 12.56 118.56 8
VISITORS
R-Mild steel T-High tensile steel

BAR BENDING
Steel bars should cut and bend to the required shape so that they
are fabricate bind and place them within the form work .Bar
bending is done by skilled person and he should be given the
required bar schedule prepared according to the reinforcement Live
drawings.
BAR SHEDULE PREPARATION
Bar schedule is a special scheduling of steel bars which includes
whole the details of each bar of a particular member required for
bending the bar. The general bar schedule includes following
details.
Member
Bar mark
Type and size
No. of member
No. bars in each
Total no.
Length of each bar (mm)
Total length (mm)
Shape of bending demension
Using the above method , we find out the quantity of necessary
bars in the site.
When we order bars, at first we should make the bar schedule.

LAPPING TWO STEEL BARS


Steel bars manufactures are of 6m lengths. But in practice we would
need bars longer than 6m. In such cases we have to lap two bars as
no failure occurs and as it produce its original strength. in this site,
the recommended lap lengthy is 50 times the bar diameter if both
bars are of same diameter. When lapping two bars of different

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3/20/2014 Civil contruction techniques: REINFORCEMENT
diameters, the lap length is considered as 50 times the smallest Live Traffic Feed
diameter.

A visitor from Bangalore,


CRANCK Karnataka arrived from
google.co.in and viewed "Civil
Crank is a slight bending in bars at the lap so that maintains the clear contruction techniques:
cover even at the lap position. A visitor from East London,
REINFORCEMENT" 7 mins ago
Crank length = ( d1+d2+5)*10mm Eastern Cape arrived from
d1 =diameter of smaller bar. google.co.za and viewed "Civil
d2 = diameter of largest bar contruction techniques: EARTH
A visitor from Makati, Mindoro
FILLING & COMPACTION"
Occidental arrived from
35 mins ago
COVERING FOR REINFORCEMENT google.com.ph and viewed "Civil
contruction techniques: EARTH
The purpose of providing cover is to protect reinforcement from harmful conditions such FILLING & COMPACTION"
A visitor from Philippines arrived
as whether; chemical attacks, heat and electricity that may reinforcement could be hr 33 mins ago
from google.com.ph and viewed
corroded. Hence before concreting, we should be careful weather sufficient numbers of
covers are
"Civil contruction techniques:
EARTH FILLING &
A visitor from Makati,
provided so that ensure the protection of reinforcement. Usually clear cover can be COMPACTION" 3 hrsMindoro
52 mins
Occidental arrived from
provided by using cover blocks, stool and Donuts. Donut is made of plastic. ago
google.com.ph and viewed "Civil
Cover blocks are made using cement and fine sand motor mixture at site premises. It contruction techniques: EARTH
depends on the grade of the necessary concrete. As example, if we need a cover FILLING
A & COMPACTION"
visitor from Uberaba, Minas
blocks for the grade 15 concrete, the proportion among cement sand and aggregate of hrs agoarrived from semalt.com
Gerais
grade 15 is 1:3:6, therefore we make cover blocks by using cement and sand according and viewed "Civil contruction
to 1:3. techniques" 19 hrs 46 mins ago
A visitor from Singapore arrived
from google.com.sg and viewed
Stools are generally used in slab reinforcement to produce required covering and stop "Civil contruction techniques:
both the top layer net and bottom layer net touching together (top bottom net REINFORCEMENT"
A visitor from Colombo21arrived
hrs 18
separation). The stool height and type is designed according to the slab thickness.
mins ago
from google.lk and viewed "Civil
There are two types of stools
contruction techniques: EARTH
In our site, cover blocks are used as follow.
FILLING & COMPACTION"
For columns- 40mm A
22visitor
hrs 51from
minsRio
agoDe Janeiro, Rio
For walls - 30mm de Janeiro arrived from
For beams - 35mm semalt.com and viewed "Civil
contruction techniques" 1 day 10
For slabs - 25mm A visitor
hours agofrom Redmond,
Washington viewed "Civil
contruction techniques" 1 day 14
hours ago view Menu
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Posted by priyal Niranjan at 6:29 PM


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